User Guide
Internal GigaNAS
Technical Support
If you need any assistance to get your unit functioning properly, please have
your product information ready and contact Addonics Technical Support at:
Hours: 8:30 am - 6:00 pm PST
Phone: 408-453-6212
1. Power LED
2. Status LED
3. Reset Button
4. RJ45 Connector for LAN Connection
5. USB Port for Additional USB
Storage Device
6. 4P Molex Power Connector
7. 2x SATA Port
Storage Ports: SATA (1.5Gbps) and two USB (2.0).
Network Port: Supports 10/100/1000.
Power LED: glows when unit is on.
Status LED: glows steady when unit is idle, other states are dark or dim to
indicate a problem, slow or fast blinking between dark and bright or dim and
bright to indicate the unit is busy.
SATA - eSATA Converter (2)
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Quick Install
In order to start sharing storage as soon as possible, follow these steps:
Step 1. Attach the NAS 4.0 unit to a network with a DHCP server present
(most home routers provide this by default).
Step 2. Follow the steps described in the Initial Setup section below.
Step 3. Attach one hard disk. The Status LED should begin to blink after a
few moments, then settle back to a steady glow. Confirm at least one
partition was detected using the View Drive Information feature in the
Configuration Menu. If not, the drive may be formatted with ext3 or XFS
using the Format Drive feature in the Configuration Menu.
Step 4. Define at least one share, granting either read-only or full access
rights to “Everyone.”
Network Connection
The NAS unit is factory configured for dynamic IP addressing (DHCP client).
Connect the unit to a network (router or switch) where DHCP is supported.
Static IP may be assigned later after initial setup.
The NAS unit does not support FIS switching for port multipliers, therefore any
eSATA devices must be a single drive or a RAID array. Also, through the use of
USB hubs, up to a total of 16 physical storage devices may be connected, also
counting any eSATA drives. One SATA port multiplier in JBOD mode may be
connected using USB; however, with more than one such port multiplier
connected only one will function – others will not be recognized at all.
Each physical unit may be formatted with up to 4 individual partitions using a
Master Boot Record (MBR), or up to 15 individual partitions using a GUID
Partition Table (GPT). Supported file systems are: FAT32, ext2, ext3, ext4, XFS,
and NTFS. The NAS unit will by far provide the best performance when using
the XFS file system.
NOTE: Initializing a drive with MBR is limited to drives less than 2TB in capacity with up to 4
partitions total. For drives greater than 2TB in capacity or if more than 4 partitions are desired, the
drive must be initialized using a GPT boot record.
The NAS Unit Boot Process
Upon connecting power the unit, the status LED will blink at first between bright
and dim, then remain dark for a few moments, then begin to blink between
bright and dark for a while and finally settle down to glowing steadily. Once this
pattern is complete the unit is ready to communicate.
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
This process normally takes about a minute or less, but may take longer
depending on the complexity of the configuration, storage and LAN
connections. With the 240 possible file systems, booting may take several
minutes or longer.
Resetting the NAS
Should a problem arise with the NAS unit or its configuration, the unit may be
reset simply by turning the unit off, then back on after a few moments. If this
doesn't clear the problem, the unit may be returned to its factory configuration
by gently pressing and holding the reset button between the power and LAN
connectors until the Status LED blinks slowly, then rapidly. After releasing the
Reset button while blinking slowly there will be no changes. After releasing the
button once the Status LED blinks rapidly, the Status LED will continue to blink
for a while, and may possibly glow steadily for a while as well. Eventually it will
begin the boot process, beginning with blinking between bright and dim. Once
the boot process is complete and the LED is glowing steadily again, all settings
will have been cleared and the unit is ready to communicate with all settings
reset to the factory default – including the network and device name settings.
If the process appears to become stuck or takes too long to complete, you can
try disconnecting power, then reconnect and after the Status LED blinks bright
and dark a few times, try the Reset button again.
Initial Setup
Windows: All of the NAS unit's functions and features are configured using a
Web Interface. Once the hardware is installed, access the Web Interface with a
web browser on a computer attached to the same network by typing in
“http://addnas” - this will work on most Windows systems. Be sure the computer
accessing the NAS has the Workgroup name set to WORKGROUP.
MAC: Mac users may need to determine the NAS unit's IP address by opening
a Terminal window and typing the following command:
smbutil lookup addnas
This utility should return the NAS unit's IP address. Typing this address into the
web browser should open the NAS unit's Web Interface.
Linux: Linux users may need to determine the NAS unit's IP address if
Windows name resolution support is not fully installed and configured, by
examining the DHCP server's clients table and attempting to connect to each
unidentified IP address using a browser until the NAS unit's Web Interface
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Once you have connected to the Web Interface, the Initial Setup page will appear:
Click Next, then a dialog will appear requesting the Administrator login. The
default username is "admin" and the password is "123456" (without the
double-quote marks). Next, set a custom password for the admin account. The
admin account name may also be changed.
Next, set up the Date and Time. Choose a city nearest you in the same Time
Zone and be sure the Date and Time are correct.
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Finally, review and confirm the settings:
After clicking on the Update settings button, Initial Setup is complete.
Sharing Files Using the NAS Unit
SMB (Windows Sharing)
Connecting to the NAS for direct file access through Windows Explorer is very
similar to sharing files between Windows systems. Typing “\\ADDNAS” (or the
NAS unit's hostname if changed from the default) or the double-backslash
followed by the NAS unit's IP address is the easiest way to gain direct access
quickly. After pressing Enter, the Explorer Window should show a list of the shares
available. Opening any of the shares is like opening any other folder, except when
accessing a share for the first time, Windows may request a username and
password for access to the share (unless “Everyone” permissions have been
changed from the default setting of NONE). Entering a valid username and
password will open the folder with appropriate access rights to that user. If “NONE”
permissions are set for that user on that share, Another username and password
prompt will appear. After connecting to a share, Windows will use the same
username and password for all connections until the Windows user logs off of
On Mac systems, on the Finder's Go menu choose “Connect to Server...” then in
the server address box type “smb://” followed by the NAS unit's IP address. On
Linux systems, use the “Connect to share...” dialog found on the Nautilus or “File
Manager” menu bar, then select Windows Share for the type and complete the
remaining fields for share name, username and password. Information required to
complete the connection and the system's response vary from one version of
Linux to another, and should be expected to work about the same way as
connecting to a share on an actual Windows PC.
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
FTP Server
The NAS FTP Server requires the "User Home Directory Drive" is defined under
the Sharing Tab to function. Anonymous login is supported with no user home
directory and access to any shares with read-only or read and write access to
"Everyone" for FTP. Authenticated users will have read and write access to their
home folder and any other shares defined under the Sharing tab with read-only or
read and write access for the user for FTP, as well as "Everyone."
Getting Started with MLDonkey
MLDonkey is a powerful, multi-protocol Peer-to-Peer (P2P) client included with the
NAS unit. The features and capabilities of this tool are beyond the scope of this
user guide, the steps below will show how to get MLDonkey up and running. For
more information on how to use MLDonkey, visit
MLDonkey Basic Setup
The MLDonkey client requires one partition formatted with either ext3 or XFS. The
NAS unit's format utility can format one physical unit with a single partition using all
space if needed
Under the P2P/MLDonkey tab, choose the drive you wish to create the file
structure on and click Save. Please note: this menu will permit setting up folders
on incompatible file systems. If this is done, MLDonkey will not start or may not be
able to download files.
When the folder structure is set up, a page will appear stating this is done. Click
the START button. NOTE: The MLDonkey setup page will create a share on the
selected drive called MLDonkey. This share will be configured with “None”
permissions to “Everyone” as well as all existing users.
Next, a new page will appear stating MLDonkey is running. Click the link at the
bottom of the page that reads “Launch MLDonkey Control Panel.”
A new tab will appear in the browser with the MLDonkey web interface. If
MLDonkey is not fully initialized yet, the browser may report a failure to connect. If
this happens, wait about one minute and try again, either by refreshing the page or
clicking a “try again” button – this step varies depending on the browser used.
When first setting up, a prompt appears warning there is no password for the
admin account. Click the space between the “DL” and “Input” buttons, then type
the command “useradd admin” as shown, then add a password after a space.
NOTE: The MLDonkey admin account is not the same account as the NAS unit's web interface admin
account. It is recommended that the password matches for simplicity, but not necessary.
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
MLDonkey will perform most of the remaining steps automatically and connect to
some servers on the Donkey network.
To download a file using the Donkey network, begin by clicking search, then enter
some criteria and click the Search button. After a query message appears, click
the "Search Results" button.
To download a Torrent, on the command bar type dllink followed by a space and
the full URL path to the .Torrent file and press Enter or click Input. (example: "dllink"). MLDonkey will parse the
download and add it to the download queue automatically.
Files queued for download will appear in the MLDonkey share in the incoming/files
folder when when complete.
NOTE: this folder has read-only permissions and cannot be changed.
The Configuration Tab
Admin Username and Password
Changes the web interface management login.
Configure User Home Directory Drive
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Determines which drive on the system carries the HOME directory for users. The
user's home folder is required for FTP transfers and as a network share for private
files. If a home directory is already defined it will be shown. Choose a volume and
click Save. If any files exist in a previous Home directory they will be moved to the
new location.
Change Current Date and Time
Settings for time zone, date and time. Set time zone to a listed city nearby in the
same time zone.
Update Device/Workgroup Names
Settings for the NAS unit's network name and Windows workgroup. Default setting
is ADDNAS joined to WORKGROUP. Setting the workgroup name on all devices
on the same network to match is strongly recommended. The Device name is
used for accessing the Web Interface as well as browsing for the shared folders
on the network.
Update FTP Port Number
Changes the TCP Port used by the FTP server. Default is port 21. Note that some
FTP clients will not be able to connect on alternate ports.
View Current Network Configuration
Displays details about the NAS unit's current network settings. Includes device
and network names as well as TCP/IP settings.
Configure the Network Settings
Starts the network configuration wizard.
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Choosing Automatic will configure the NAS unit as a DHCP client and the
configuration wizard will skip to the end. Choosing Manual configuration will
proceed to Step 2.
Step 2 configures the NAS unit's static IP address and subnet mask. To choose a
working static IP address, make sure you meet these criteria:
1. The subnet mask must match the rest of the network exactly.
2. The IP address must match the router's IP address exactly where the subnet
mask is "255."
3. The IP address cannot end in 0 or 255.
4. The IP address must not match any other system on the network.
5. The IP address should not be within the DHCP server's client pool.
The next step is to configure network connections. The gateway is usually the
internal IP address for the router the NAS unit is connected to. DNS entries are
usually the same as used by the router's external network configuration
(determined by your ISP). Setting an NTP server will synchronize the NAS unit to
a time server, usually on the Internet. This can be a name or IP address. Use the
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
keywords “free NTP servers” on your preferred search engine if you wish to
configure this feature and don't know of a server you can use.
When the wizard is complete by either choosing Automatic in Step 1 or completing
Steps 2 and 3, a confirmation page will appear. Clicking the Finish button will apply
the settings.
View Drive Information
Displays details of all connected drives. If network shares are configured for
drives that have been disconnected, those drives will also appear in this list as
Device: The letter after “sd” is the drive's letter, in order of when the drive was first
encountered by the NAS unit. The number at the end of the device label is the
partition on the drive, in order of the drive's partition map.
Vendor: The drive's manufacturer.
Model: The drive's model number.
Mount Point: Used by the NAS unit internally.
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Type: The file system the partition is formatted with.
Size: The total space of the partition.
Used: Space in use on the partition.
Available: Remaining space available on the partition.
% Used: Percentage of the partition space in use.
View User Samba and FTP Login Information
Displays a list of open sessions for file sharing of Windows sharing and FTP. The
login username, the computer's hostname and IP address are listed for each
Format Drive
Formats a specific drive using a choice of ext3 or XFS file systems.
Caution: this function destroys data.
Choose a drive to format. If the drive is greater than 2TB in capacity choose the
GPT boot record, otherwise choose MBR. Finally, choose Linux EXT3 or Linux
XFS for the file system. After clicking Format Drive, the format utility will request
NOTE: For highest possible performance, use the XFS file system.
After clicking “Yes, I'm sure,” the format utility will create and prepare one partition
on the selected drive, using all space on the disk. A page will load next confirming
the format is in progress. This page updates once every minute. Once formatting
is complete, the page will change to state it is done. Click any of the tabs above
the message to perform other tasks. If desired, this can be done before formatting
is complete; however, the drive being formatted cannot be used until formatting is
done and there will be no further notifications.
Safely Remove Drive
Closes all pending I/O to a specified drive then “unmounts” it for removal.
Caution: best practice is to notify any and all users this will be done before
proceeding to prevent data loss. Abruptly removing a physical drive without
notifying users or using the Safely Remove Drive function may cause file system
corruption and loss of data.
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Backup Internal System Configuration Information
Saves or restores all of the NAS unit's settings using a specified drive. Select the
volume desired for backups. If backups exist on that volume they will be listed
under Backups, with comments if present.
To create a backup, add a backup comment if desired then click Create Backup.
To restore an existing backup, select the desired backup and click Restore
Selected. The currently selected backup may also be deleted using the Delete
Selected button. All three functions will request confirmation before proceeding.
Restarts the NAS unit.
Caution: best practice is to notify any and all users this will be done before proceeding
Upgrade the System Firmware
In the case of a firmware update release, this utility applies the update.
Update will not proceed unless only one volume (one partition on one drive) is
present. Instructions on updating firmware are provided with the firmware
Caution: All of the NAS unit's settings may be lost in the process of applying
firmware. Make sure to notify any and all users this will be done to prevent data
loss and use the Backup Internal System Configuration Information utility before
The Sharing Tab
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
User Management
Shows current list of known users on the NAS unit.
To delete a user, click the “Delete” link next to that username, then confirm.
To change a user's password, select the username just above “New Password,” then
enter the new password into the “New Password” and “Confirm Password” fields and
click “Change Password.”
To create a new user account, click “New User,” then enter the new username and
the initial password in the “New Password” and “Confirm Password” fields. If shared
folders are defined on the system, select the default permissions granted to the new
user for each share.
Add A Shared Folder
Creates a new folder and shares it on the network. This function has several steps.
The first page introduces the wizard. Click “Begin Wizard” to proceed.
Step 1 is to define the name of the share. The share name will become the folder
name on the drive.
NOTE: The shared folder name will be written to disk using all capital letters. If an existing folder of the same
name appears and is not all capital letters, the NAS considers that not a match and writes the same folder
name in all capital letters anyway. This can cause unpredictable results if the drive is subsequently
connected to a computer. If a folder exists of the same name with all capital letters, it will be shared
without harming any data.
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Step 2 is to select the drive the share is to be created on. The drive is identified by the
drive letter and partition number, the vendor and model, and the mount point.
Step 3 is to set the initial permissions for the new share. A permission setting for
“Everyone” as well as each individual user is listed, with the default permission set to
None for both SMB and FTP. Once you have reviewed the permissions for all users
and made any desired changes, clicking on “Create Share Folder” will complete the
Technical Support (M-F 8:30am - 6:00pm PST)
Phone: 408-453-6212
Rename A Shared Folder
Changes the name of the directory as well as the share name for an existing shared
folder. Select the share to change and type in a new name, then click “Rename
Shared Folder.”
NOTE: The new shared folder name will be written to disk using all capital letters. If an existing folder of the
same name appears and is not all capital letters, the NAS unit considers that not a match and writes the
same folder name in all capital letters anyway. This can cause unpredictable results if the drive is
subsequently connected to a computer. If a folder exists of the same name with all capital letters, it will be
shared without harming any data.
Remove a Shared Folder
Deletes a share from the NAS unit. As a precaution this screen requires the word “yes”
is typed in as confirmation.
NOTE: Removing a shared folder also deletes the associated directory and all of its contents from the drive.
It is however possible to delete the share without destroying any data: simply disconnect the drive physically
from the NAS unit before proceeding. If the shared folder is on the NAS unit's RAID array, shutting down the
unit, then removing all of the RAID drives and powering up again before deleting the share will preserve the
Update Security Settings
Changes SMB and FTP permissions for a share for each user and the general
permission for “Everyone.” Select the share to change, then click next and another
page will appear with current permissions. Make desired changes and click Update to
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