Single Port KVM over IPUser`s Manual - D-Link

D-Link DKVM-IP8
8 Port KVM Switch
Over IP
V1.1
2013.4.10
DKVM-IP8 User Manual
Certificates
FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
RoHS
All contents of this package, including products, packing materials and documentation
comply with RoHS.
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DKVM-IP8 User Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. The quick installation guide.............................................................................................. 6
1.1 Installation............................................................................................................... 6
1.2 Initial IP configuration ............................................................................................. 7
2. Introduction .................................................................................................................... 12
2.1 Feature overview .................................................................................................. 12
2.3 System requirement.............................................................................................. 14
2.4 When the server is up and running ....................................................................... 14
2.5 When the server is dead ....................................................................................... 14
3. Hardware installation ..................................................................................................... 16
3.1 Installation............................................................................................................. 16
3.2 Operations ............................................................................................................ 17
3.3 Hotkey Commands ............................................................................................... 18
3.4 OSD Operations ................................................................................................... 19
3.4.1 Login Windows ........................................................................................... 21
3.4.2 Port Name .................................................................................................. 22
3.4.3 Main Menu .................................................................................................. 23
3.4.4 Language.................................................................................................... 23
3.4.5 Port Name Edit ........................................................................................... 24
3.4.6 Port Search................................................................................................. 24
3.4.7 User Security .............................................................................................. 25
3.4.8 Access List.................................................................................................. 26
3.4.9 Hotkey ........................................................................................................ 26
3.4.10 Time Settings ............................................................................................ 27
3.4.11 OSD Mouse .............................................................................................. 27
3.5 Firmware upgrade................................................................................................. 28
4. IP module Configuration ................................................................................................ 30
4.1 Initial Configuration ............................................................................................... 30
4.1.1 Initial configuration via serial console ......................................................... 32
4.2 Keyboard, Mouse, and Video configuration .......................................................... 33
4.2.1 DKVM-IP8 keyboard settings...................................................................... 33
4.2.2 Remote Mouse Settings ............................................................................. 33
4.2.3 Automatic mouse speed and mouse synchronization ................................. 34
4.2.4 Host system mouse settings ....................................................................... 34
4.2.5 Single and Double Mouse Mode................................................................. 35
4.2.6 Recommended Mouse Settings.................................................................. 35
4.2.7 Video Modes ............................................................................................... 35
5. Usage ............................................................................................................................ 36
5.1 Prerequisites ......................................................................................................... 36
5.2 Login into the DKVM-IP8 and logout..................................................................... 37
5.2.1 Login into the DKVM-IP8 ............................................................................ 37
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5.2.2 Logout from the DKVM-IP8......................................................................... 39
5.3 The Remote Console ............................................................................................ 39
5.4 Main Window ........................................................................................................ 40
5.4.1 Remote Console Control Bar ...................................................................... 41
5.4.2 Remote Console Status Line ...................................................................... 49
6. Menu Options ................................................................................................................ 50
6.1 Remote Control..................................................................................................... 50
6.1.1 KVM Console.............................................................................................. 50
6.1.2 Telnet Console ............................................................................................ 50
6.2 Remote Power ...................................................................................................... 51
6.3 Mapping ................................................................................................................ 52
6.3.1 Floppy Disk ................................................................................................. 52
6.3.2 CD–ROM Image ......................................................................................... 53
6.3.3 Drive redirection ......................................................................................... 58
6.3.3.1 Driver Redirection Utility Installation ................................................. 59
6.3.3.2 Built-in Java Drive Redirection ......................................................... 63
6.3.4 Options ....................................................................................................... 65
6.4 User Management ................................................................................................ 66
6.4.1 Change Password ...................................................................................... 66
6.4.2 Users and Groups ...................................................................................... 66
6.5 KVM Settings ........................................................................................................ 68
6.5.1 User Console .............................................................................................. 68
6.5.2 Keyboard/Mouse ........................................................................................ 71
6.5.3 Video .......................................................................................................... 73
6.6 Device Settings ..................................................................................................... 74
6.6.1 Network ...................................................................................................... 74
6.6.2 Dynamic DNS ............................................................................................. 77
6.6.3 Security....................................................................................................... 79
6.6.4 Certificate ................................................................................................... 82
6.6.5 Authentication ............................................................................................. 85
6.6.6 Serial Port ................................................................................................... 86
6.6.7 Date / Time ................................................................................................. 88
6.6.8 Event Log ................................................................................................... 89
6.7 Tools ..................................................................................................................... 92
6.7.1 Device Information ...................................................................................... 92
6.7.2 Even log...................................................................................................... 93
6.7.3 Update Firmware ........................................................................................ 94
6.7.4 Unit Reset ................................................................................................... 95
7. Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................. 96
8. FAQs.............................................................................................................................. 97
9. Addendum ...................................................................................................................... 99
A. Key Codes .............................................................................................................. 99
B. Video Modes ........................................................................................................ 101
C. User Role Permissions ......................................................................................... 102
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D. DKVM-IP8 port table ............................................................................................ 102
E. Bandwidth Consumption ...................................................................................... 103
F. Cable diagrams ..................................................................................................... 104
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DKVM-IP8 User Manual
1. The quick installation guide
The DKVM-IP8 redirects local keyboard, mouse and video data to a remote administration
console. It allows you to control one or many computers locally at the server site or
remotely via the Internet using a standard browser. You can securely gain BIOS level
access to systems for maintenance, support, or failure recovery over the Internet.
Communication is secure via SSL encryption. Use in conjunction with a KVM switch for
multiple-server access.
1.1 Installation
DKVM-IP8 switch redirects local keyboard, mouse and video data to a remote
administration console.
All data is transmitted via IP. DKVM-IP8 switch can be used in a multi administrator and
multi server environment as well. Besides, DKVM-IP8 switch is a KVM switch, which can
also be used with a local console.
DKVM-IP8 switch hardware installation
Figure 1-1 The connectors of 8 port DKVM-IP8 switch front and rear side
Please perform the following steps:
1. (Optional) Connect the type A connector of USB A - Mini USB 5P cable to the host
computer, while
using remote mass storage control.
2. Connect Ethernet to LAN port and/or modem to serial port, depending on how you want
to access DKVM-IP8 switch
3. Power down your computer and DKVM-IP8 switch
4. Connect the power supply to DKVM-IP8 switch
5. Connect the monitor to the DKVM-IP8 switch console side.
6. Connect the keyboard to the DKVM-IP8 switch console side.
7. Connect the mouse to the DKVM-IP8 switch console side.
8. Connect a VGA cable (15-pin HDDB Male / Male) with the Male side to both of the host
computer/KVM and the host port of the DKVM-IP8 switch.
9. Connect one purple end of 3-in-1 cable to the PS/2 mouse port on the host
computer/KVM, and the other end of 3-in-1 cable to the host PS/2 mouse port on the
DKVM-IP8 Switch.
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10. Connect one green end of 3-in-1 cable to PS/2 keyboard port on the host
computer/KVM, and the other end of 3-in-1 cable to the host PS/2 keyboard port on the
DKVM-IP8 switch.
11. (Optional) Connect the type A connector of USB A - mini USB 5P cable to the host
computer,
while using remote mass storage control.
12. Connect Ethernet to LAN port and/or modem to serial port, depending on how you want
to access DKVM-IP8 switch
13. Power on the computer.
1.2 Initial IP configuration
In factory default, DHCP mode is disabled (IP auto configuration = None), and the IP
settings are as below:
IP address
192.168.0.70
Subnet mask
255.255.255.0
Default Gateway
None
If DHCP mode is enabled (IP auto configuration = DHCP), the DKVM-IP8 will try to
contact a DHCP server in the subnet to which it is physically connected. If a DHCP
server is found, it may provide a valid IP address, gateway address and net mask.
Before you connect the device to your local subnet, be sure to complete the
corresponding configuration of your DHCP server. It is recommended to configure a
fixed IP assignment to the MAC address of the DKVM-IP8 unit. You can find the MAC
address labeled on the bottom side of the metal housing.
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DKVM-IP8 Setup Tool
If this initial configuration does not meet your local requirements, use the setup tool to
change the configurations to your needs. The setup tool PSetup can be found on the
CD ROM delivered with this package. You can follow the procedures described below.
■
DHCP
If you have installed the DKVM-IP8 unit on a network that enables DHCP, you can
use the PSetup to find out the DKVM-IP8 unit’s IP.
(1) Plug Ethernet cable to DKVM-IP8 unit. DKVM-IP8 will get an IP via DHCP.
(2) Using PSetup (run PSetup.exe) to look for DKVM-IP8.
a. Select MAC address which label on bottom of DKVM-IP8 unit
b. Click Query Device
■
Setup the fixed IP
a. Setup “IP auto configuration” as “None” ; setup IP address and Subnet mask
b. Enter Super user login and password for Authentication (default : super/pass)
c. Click Setup Device. If super login was authenticated, it’ll show “Successfully
configured device”. Otherwise it’ll show “Permission Denied”.
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Install JVM on Client system
The DKVM-IP8 unit can be accessed with a standard JAVA enabled web browser. You must
install Java Runtime Environment: version 6 update 5 and above to your client system.
Note: At a minimum you must have IE7.0, IE8.0, Netscape7.0, Mozilla 3.2,
(Firefox 3.6) and above installed on your client computer.
Connect the DKVM-IP8 unit via Web Browser
Using the HTTP protocol or a secure encrypted connection via HTTPS and entering the IP
address of the DKVM-IP8 unit into your web browser to connect to the DKVM-IP8 unit.
This will lead you to the DKVM-IP8 login page as shown in figure below.
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The factory default settings are:
Username
admin
Password
admin
The super user has all permissions to administrate your DKVM-IP8:
After login, the system will prompt for changing the default username and password to user
specific settings.
Control servers via Remote Console
The Remote Console is the redirected screen, keyboard and mouse of the remote host
system. The Remote Console will behave exactly the same way as if you were sitting
directly in front of the screen of your remote system. That means that both the keyboard
and mouse can be used in the usual way. Open the console by selecting the preview
picture on the main site of the HTML front end. Figure 1-2 shows the top of the Remote
Console.
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Figure 1-2. Top part of the Remote Console
There are some options to choose from, and the important ones are the following:
Auto Adjust button
If the video displayed is of bad quality or distorted in some way, press this button and
wait a few seconds while DKVM-IP8 unit tries to adjust itself for the best possible
video quality.
Sync Mouse
Choose this option in order to synchronize the local with the remote mouse cursor.
This is especially necessary when using accelerated mouse settings on the host
system. In general there is no need to change mouse settings on the host.
Video Settings in Options Menu
This opens a new window with elements to control the DKVM-IP8 unit’s Video
Settings. You can change some values, for instance the brightness and contrast of
the picture displayed, which may improve the video quality. It is also possible to
revert to the default settings for all video modes or only the current one.
Note: At first start, if the local mouse pointer is not synchronized with the remote mouse
pointer, press the Auto Adjust Button once.
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2. Introduction
The KVM over IP technology (DKVM-IP8) combines digital remote KVM access via IP
networks with comprehensive and integrated system management. The DKVM-IP8 defines
a new class of remote KVM access devices that can save your money, time, space, and
equipment.
The DKVM-IP8 provides convenient, remote KVM access and control via LAN or Internet. It
captures, digitizes, and compresses video signal and transmits it with keyboard and mouse
signals to and from a remote computer. DKVM-IP8 provides a non-intrusive solution for
remote access and control. Remote access and control software runs on its embedded
processors only but not on mission-critical servers, so that there is no interference with
server operation or impact on network performance.
The DKVM-IP8 supports console of USB style keyboard, mouse, and HDDB15 video
interfaces. The DKVM-IP8 will automatically detect the current video mode of the console,
however manual fine-tuning is recommended to receive the best video quality.
2.1 Feature overview
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Manage servers around the world.
KVM (keyboard, video, and mouse) access over IP and analogous telephone line
(modem needed)
Full control under any OS, in BIOS mode, during boot, at Blue Screens
No additional software necessary on servers
Can be used with most standard KVM
256 bit SSL encryption of all transmitted data and Certificate management
Automatically senses video resolution for best possible screen capture
Serial over LAN, Remote serial power control via web
Video Resolution up to:
Local console 1920 x 1440
Remote console 1600 x 1200, High-color depth 16 bits
High-performance mouse tracking and synchronization
Automatic adjustment of data rate to transmission line
Drive redirection function on the remote console control bar, Remote mass storage
control.
Can be controlled over all java-enabled Browsers
Firmware update via web interface
Port to connect a user console for direct analogous access to KVM switch
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2.2 Technical specifications
Function
KVM
VGA Resolution
Specification
Daisy Chain
Connector DB15 (Female Type)
Local : 1920 x 1440
Remote : 1600 x 1200
Support daisy chaining up to 8 layers
Flash port
DC2.5F
Computer selection
On Screen Display (OSD) Menu, Hotkey, Push Button
hotkey
Provide various Hotkey (Scroll-Lock/ Caps-Lock/ Num-Lock/ Alt/
Ctrl/ Win)
Computer Port LEDs
2 color LED for each host port: ON LINE (Yellow), SATATION
(Red)
Power LED
Indicating the KVM Switch is power on.
Reset
Press the “5” and “0” button simultaneously will restart the
firmware of the KVM switch.
Provide ACL (Access Control List) security function, store up to 8
independent ACL’s of controllable computer lists
Security
Multilingual OSD
(On Screen Display)
Auto-Scan Intervals
IP
OS supported
8 languages (English, France, Germen, Spanish, Italian,
Russian, Japanese, Simplified Chinese)
5 ~ 99 Sec.
Windows, Unix, Unix-like OS(Sun Solaris, Linux). Mac OSX
Browser supported
Microsoft Internet Explorer version 6.0 or above, or
Netscape or Mozilla or Safari
Security
IP filter
Authentication
Local, LDAP, RADIUS
Network Connection
10/100 Ethernet
Telephone line (modem needed)
Management Interface
Event log
Web , Utility, Telnet
NFS, SMTP, SNMP trap
Others
Housing Material
Metal
DC Power Adapter
12V 1A
Operation Temperature
0 ~ 50 °C
Storage Temperature
-20 ~ 60 °C
Humidity
0~80%, Non-Condensing
Mechanical
Rack mount, 1U
Dimension (mm)
444.5 x 190 x 44
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2.3 System requirement
Hardware
Item
Local host side
Description
One PC or server or the console port of KVM switch unit
Remote Console side
Multiple PCs are linked into the network
Software
Item
Local host side
Description
No additional software necessary
Remote Console side
(1) Java Runtime Environment : version 6 update 5 and above.
Linux JDK 1_5_0_18 and above
(2) Browser: ( IE7.0 , IE8.0, Netscape7.0, Mozilla 3.2,
Firefox 3.6) and above.
2.4 When the server is up and running
The DKVM-IP8 gives you a full control over the remote server. The Management Console
allows you to access the remote server’s graphics, keyboard and mouse and to send
special commands to the server. You can also perform periodic maintenance of the server.
Using the Console Redirection Service, you are able to do the following:
I. Reboot the system
II. Watch the boot process.
III. Boot the system from a separate partition to load the diagnostic environment.
IV. Run special diagnostic programs.
2.5 When the server is dead
Obviously, fixing hardware defects is not possible through a remote management device.
Nevertheless DKVM-IP8 gives the administrator valuable information about the type of a
hardware failure. Serious hardware failures can be categorized into five different categories
with different chances to happen:
I. Hard disk failure 50%
II. Power cable detached, power supply failure 28%
III. CPU, Controller, main board failure 10%
IV. CPU fan failure 8%
V. RAM failure 4%
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Using DKVM-IP8, administrators can determine which kind of serious hardware failure has
occurred (See table 2-1).
Type of failure
Hard disk failure
Power cable detached, power supply
failure
CPU Controller, main board failure.
Detected by
Console screen, CMOS set-up information
Server remains in power off state after power
on command has been given.
Power supply is on, but there is no video
output.
CPU fan failure
By server specific management software
RAM failure
Boot-Sequence on boot console
Table 2-1. Host system failures and how they are detected.
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3. Hardware installation
3.1 Installation
You must have a 3-in-1 VGA cable for connecting KVM Switch to PS/2 computers, or a
2-in-1 VGA cable for connecting KVM Switch to USB computers.
The 3-in-1 VGA cable is a combo cable with one HDDB15 male connector at one end and
three connectors at the other.
The 2-in-1 VGA cable is a combo cable with one HDDB15 male connector at one end and
two connectors at the other.
Please perform the following steps:
1. (Optional) Connect the type A connector of USB A-Mini usb cable to the host computer,
while using remote mass storage control.
2. Connect Ethernet to LAN port and/or modem to serial port, depending on how you want
to access DKVM-IP8 switch
3. Power down your computer and DKVM-IP8 switch
4. Connect the power supply to DKVM-IP8 switch
5. Connect the monitor to the DKVM-IP8 switch console side.
6. Connect the keyboard to the DKVM-IP8 switch console side.
7. Connect the mouse to the DKVM-IP8 switch console side.
8. Connect a VGA cable (15-pin HDDB Male / Male) with the Male side to both of the host
computer/KVM and the host port of the DKVM-IP8 switch.
9. Connect one purple end of 3-in-1 cable to the PS/2 mouse port on the host
computer/KVM, and the other end of 3-in-1 cable to the host PS/2 mouse port on the
DKVM-IP8 Switch.
10. Connect one green end of 3-in-1 cable to PS/2 keyboard port on the host
computer/KVM, and the other end of 3-in-1 cable to the host PS/2 keyboard port on the
DKVM-IP8 switch.
11. (Optional) Connect the type A connector of USB A-mini usb cable to the host computer,
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while using remote mass storage control.
12. Connect Ethernet to LAN port and/or modem to serial port, depending on how you want
to access DKVM-IP8 switch
13. Power on the computer.
3.2 Operations
You can control the KVM Switch by three methods:
1. Using push buttons located on the front panel of the KVM Switch
2. Using the OSD (On-Screen Display)
3. Using hotkey commands through the console keyboard
It takes approximately 1-2 seconds for the video signal to refresh after switching servers
and re-synchronization of the mouse and keyboard signals. This is normal operation and
ensures that proper synchronization is performed at the console and the connected
servers.
When you power on KVM Switch, if the security function is enabled (default is disabled), it
will prompt a Login window waiting for you to enter the user name and password. You need
to pass the authentication to control the KVM Switch.
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3.3 Hotkey Commands
You can conveniently command KVM Switch via a simple hotkey sequence. To send
commands to KVM Switch, you must press the hotkey (default is Caps Lock) twice within 2
seconds. You will hear a beep sound confirming you are in the hotkey mode. If you do not
press any key during hotkey mode over 2 seconds the hotkey mode will be terminated and
back to normal state.
The default hotkey is Caps Lock but you can change hotkey as your application
convenience. If you prefer to use other hotkey, please go to OSD menu and change the
default hotkey to the other.
The table blow lists all the supported hotkey commands.
Command
Space Bar
 or 
1~8 Bank
01~08Port
Function
Bring up the OSD screen
Move selection up or down
The first digit is bank number starting with “1”. The first KVM Switch
on the daisy chain line is bank 1 (the Master). A standalone KVM
Switch is fixed in bank 1. The second and the third digits indicate the
port number from 01 to 08.
PgUp
Back to previous bank.
PgDn
Go to next bank.
B
To enable/disable beep sound function.
L
To enable/disable the Screen Saving function and 10min
auto-logout function. This default function is OFF.
P
To login to the OSD. If Security is enabled it will display the Login
window waiting for username and password. If Security is disabled it
will display the Status window.
R
For supervisor to reset the OSD back to factory default value
(except User Security settings).
S
For supervisor to activate the Auto-scan function.
U
For supervisor to enable/disable Security function. If the Security is
off, you can access the KVM system without user name & password.
This default function is OFF.
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3.4 OSD Operations
You can either activate the OSD window by press hotkey or by mouse.
♦ By pressing hotkey: Press hotkey twice then press Space bar.
♦ By mouse: Press and hold the left button of the mouse and hit the Esc key to show the
Status screen. Press and hold the right button of the mouse and hit the Esc key to bring
up the Main Menu.
OSD Menu provides a menu-driven interface to control the KVM Switch. It has four types of
display screens:
1
2
3
4
Login Window: When powering on this KVM Switch, if the security function is enable,
it will prompt a login window and ask for user name and password. This KVM system
can setup one SUPERVISOR and eight USERs. SUPERVISOR can access to all OSD
functions. USER can access to PORT NAME and PORT SEARCH only.
Status screen: after the log in the Status screen will show up to display the current port
selection, port name, Hotkey type, and Screen Saving status.
Port Name: this menu displays port status, and allows us to switch bank/port. The Help
message is shown on the right pane of the OSD window.
Main Menu: there are eight sub-menus to operate. They are listed as below:
Item
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
Main Menu
LANGUAGE
PORT NAME EDIT
PORT SEARCH
USER SECURITY
ACCESS LIST
HOTKEY
TIME SETTINGS
OSD MOUSE
Function
Select OSD language
Edit port name
Quick searching by port name
Set username and password
Define user access authority
Select Hotkey
Set auto-scan time interval
Modify OSD mouse speed
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Example 1:
To bring up the OSD by hotkey, press “Caps Lock”, “Caps Lock” and the “Space Bar”.
Immediately, the OSD overlay screen will appear. The superimposed menu screen is
generated by the KVM Switch, and does not affect your computers or software function in
any way.
Caps
Lock
+
Caps
Lock
Space Bar
+
=
On Screen Display Menu
Example 2:
To switch to Bank 1 Port1, press “Caps Lock”, “Caps Lock”, and “1”, “0”, “1”.
Caps
Lock
+
Caps
Lock
+
1
+
0
+
1
Note. Every key needs to press within 2 seconds.
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=
Switch to Bank 1’s Port 1
DKVM-IP8 User Manual
3.4.1 Login Windows
Power on the local console monitor and power on the KVM Switch by plug in the power
adapter. If the Security function is enabled (default is disabled), the Login window will show
up waiting for user name and password.
U
S
E
R
N
A
M E
P
A
S
S
W O
R
D
The default is SUPERVISOR and default user name is eight zeros “00000000”.
The default password is eight zeros “00000000”.
There are case-insensitive, while OSD display fixed in upper case.
After login or port switch by panel button, OSD or Hotkey, the Status screen will show up to
display the information of current settings -- one digit Bank No., two-digit Port No., Port
Name and current Hotkey settings. Pressing any key or clicking mouse button will let the
Status screen disappeared.
The selected BANK No.
1
C
0
a
The selected Port No.
1
p
S
s
Y
L
S
o
T
c
The selected Hotkey
The name of the Port
E
k
M
0
1

Screen Saving enabled
Screen Saving Function
♦ The Screen Saving function can be enabled/disabled with the hotkey “L” and default
setting is OFF (disable).
♦ When the Screen Saving function is enabled, if no input from the console keyboard or
mouse over 10 minutes, the KVM Switch will turn off the screen display and auto-logout
and show up Login window asking for user name and password (if the security function
is disabled). One more minute of keyboard/mouse inactivity, the monitor will be turned
off (the monitor Power LED turns from green to orange).
♦ When the Screen Saving function is disabled, it will disable the 10min auto-logout
function as well.
Note: When Screen Saving enabled, the Login window will disappear if idle for
more then 1 minute. You Hit any key to bring up the Login window again.
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3.4.2 Port Name
The first page shows the current port name, the selected port and the operation hint.
The selected BANK
P
B
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O
A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
R T
N K :
S Y
∗ S Y
S Y
S Y
∗ S Y
S Y
S Y
S Y
N
1
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
The selected port
A M E
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
F
0 1  F
0 2
F
0 3
E
0 4
E
0 5

0 6
0 7
P
0 8
B
U
S
S
1
Indicating this port is connecting to a
power on computer.
OSD Function Key
F1
F2
F3
Enter
 or 
PgUp
PgDn
Esc
1
Operation Hint
1
2
3
S
N
/
:
:
:
C
T

M
L
P
:
E
:
E
O
R
Q
R
S
g
A
S
U
C
0
U
N
E
P
A
S
p
K
R
E
N
E
/ P
S
:
R V
T
C
Auto-scan
interval
N
G
E
U
:
E
U
O
V
I
C
L
U T
T
O M P L E T E
E C T
g D n :
E L E C T
I S O R
I M E :
User
Level
F W1 V 3
Firmware
Version
Description
Go to the main menu
To login to the OSD. If Security is enabled it will display the
Login window waiting for entering username and
password. If Security is disabled it will display the Status
window.
Go to previous menu
Switch to the selected port
Move up or down
Go to previous bank
Go to next bank
Exit
Show port 1 ~ 8
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♦ USER: There are two types of user levels: SUPERVISOR (default) and USER.
SUPERVISOR can configure and change the OSD settings at main menu. USER can
only do the port switch and port search.
♦ SCAN TIME: This is the time interval for auto-scan function. When auto-scan function is
activated, KVM Switch will auto-scan the host port one by one according to the interval
setting. Note that the port without connecting to a computer/server will be skipped when
scanning.
♦ The numeric keypad is not supported, while in OSD screen, the arrow keys, PgUp, PgDn
and Enter keys are supported.
3.4.3 Main Menu
There are eight sub-menus under main menu for you to select.
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3.4.4 Language
The OSD supports eight languages: English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Simplified
Chinese, Japanese and Russian.
The default language is ENGLISH. Moving the cursor by keyboard (Up Arrow key “”or the
Down Arrow key “”) or mouse to select the language you need, and then press Enter key
to activate.
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Note: The non-English languages on OSD are mainly for display, rather than
editing. For editing, no matter what language you select, OSD menu supports
English alphanumeric characters only. That means you can not edit the menu in
Japanese or Chinese.
3.4.5 Port Name Edit
You can edit the name for the selected port.
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The first line bar is Bank number, following rows are port name list.
Use keyboard (Up Arrow key “”, Down Arrow key “”) or mouse to select the port you want
to edit. After select the port, you can either press the Enter Key, or move the cursor to port
name and click left button of mouse to switch the port immediately. Press PgUp key or
PgDn key for selecting the previous or next Bank.
Press Enter key to start editing. You can press Esc key to cancel the editing without any
change or press Enter key to save the modification.
3.4.6 Port Search
You can search a computer by the port name. Enter “*” and then press Enter key will show
all the port names.
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3.4.7 User Security
There are two levels of user security: SUPERVISOR and USER. You can configure one
SUPERVISOR and maximum eight USERs for the security.
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Press the Enter key or left button of mouse for editing. The left-top “S” indicates
SUPERVISOR, and the number 1 ~ 8 indicate USERs. The maximum length of NAME and
PASSWORD is eight characters (A~Z and 0~9).
Press Enter key to start editing. You can press Esc key to cancel the editing without any
change or press Enter key to save the modification.
Hint:
♦ Blank has an underscore while SPACE doesn't have.
♦ Press any alphanumeric key can move to the next input item. SPACE is treated
as a valid character.
♦ At default, all USER's username = SPACE and password = SPACE, but they are
invisible, so anyone can use SPACE to login to the OSD window.
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3.4.8 Access List
You can configure the access rights of each user.
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Only SUPERVISOR can configure the ACCESS LIST. The first block (the first two digits)
indicate the port number. The second block is the server/computer name list. The third
block (the last eight digits) is the access right of each user. Use the Enter key or left button
of mouse to active/deactivate the access right of each port. “X” indicates the access is
restricted and “O” indicates the access is permitted.
3.4.9 Hotkey
You can select the conventional key to be the hotkey.
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Some keyboard may not equip with all the special keys. Make sure the key you select is
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Note: If your keyboard does not support the selected hotkey, you can press the
right button of mouse and press the Esc key simultaneously to bring up the OSD
window.
3.4.10 Time Settings
You can configure the scan interval for auto-scan function.
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When the Auto-Scan function is activated, the KVM Switch will auto-scan the host ports one
by one according to the interval setting. Note that the port does not connect to a
computer/server will be skipped when scanning. The interval range is from 5 to 99 seconds.
Default interval is 10 seconds.
Press Enter key to start editing. You can press Esc key to cancel the editing without any
change or press Enter key to save the modification.
3.4.11 OSD Mouse
You can change the moving speed of mouse cursor in this sub-menu. There are three
levels of mouse cursor speed. The fastest moving speed is FAST, the second is MIDDLE
and the slowest is SLOW.
Using "" and "" key on keyboard to move highlight bar to the wished speed and the press
Enter key to confirm your selection.
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3.4
Firmware Upgrade
Please follow the following procedures:
1. Power on The KVM unit. Use 3-in-1 VGA Cable and PS/2 to USB Changer, The VGA
end connect to Port1, another end connect to PC USB port. Then press Hokey +
Hokey + F, appears “Beep” sound. At this time, The KVM console will have no
response.
2. The KVM now will be into upgade mode, waiting for firmware download.
3. Unplug the KVM mouse and Keyboard, Connect the mouse to the Computer directly,
Run “Firmware Upgrade Utility.exe”
3.4.1. Run Firmwar Upgrade Utility
5. Click Find device to Found device, and to select the FW upgrade file. Please make
sure you select the correct FW upgrade file .
3.4.2. Find Device
3.4.3. Select Firmware Upgrade firmware File
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6. Click upgade , start to upgrade. The upgrade process takes about 6-10 seconds, then
display Upgade OK and please reset your device if complete the upgrade
successfully.
3.4.4. Start to Upgrade
3.4.5. Firmware U pgrade finished
7.
Now the KVM unit should be running on the new firmware. The FW version can be
seen on the bottom-right corner of the OSD window.
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4. IP module Configuration
4.1 Initial Configuration
If DHCP mode is enabled (IP auto configuration = DHCP), the DKVM-IP8 will try to
contact a DHCP server in the subnet to which it is physically connected. If a DHCP
server is found, it may provide a valid IP address, gateway address and net mask.
Before you connect the device to your local subnet, be sure to complete the
corresponding configuration of your DHCP server. It is recommended to configure a
fixed IP assignment to the MAC address of the DKVM-IP8. You can find the MAC
address labeled on the bottom side of the metal housing.
If DHCP mode is disabled (IP auto configuration = None), the factory default IP
settings are as below:
IP address
192.168.0.70
Subnet mask
255.255.255.0
Default Gateway
None
Table 4-1
Initial Network Configurations
DKVM-IP8 Setup Tool
If this initial configuration does not meet your local requirements, use the setup tool to
change the configurations to your needs. The setup tool PSetup can be found on the
CD ROM delivered with this package. You can follow the procedures described below.
■
DHCP
If you have installed the DKVM-IP8 on a network that enables DHCP, you can use
the PSetup to find out the DKVM-IP8’s IP.
(1) Plug Ethernet cable to DKVM-IP8. DKVM-IP8 will get an IP via DHCP.
(2) Using PSetup (run PSetup.exe) to look for DKVM-IP8.
a. Select MAC address which label on bottom of DKVM-IP8
b. Click Query Device
Notes:

BOOTP, a static configuration protocol, uses a table that maps IP
addresses to physical addresses.

DHCP, an extension to BOOTP that dynamically assigns configuration
information. DHCP is backward compatible with BOOTP.
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■
Setup fixed IP
a. Setup “IP auto configuration” as “None” ; setup IP address, Subnet mask and gateway
b. Enter Super user login and password for Authentication (default : admin/admin)
c. Click Setup Device. If super login was authenticated, it’ll show “Successfully
configured device”. Otherwise it’ll show “Permission Denied”.
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Authentication
To adjust the authentication settings, enter your login as a super user, and change
your password.
Super user login
Enter the login name of the super user. The initial value is “super”. All characters
are in lower case.
Super user password
Enter the current password for the super user. This initial value is “pass”. All
characters are in lower case.
New super user password
Enter the new password for the super user.
New password (confirm)
Re-type the new password for the super user for confirmation.
To close the window and accept the changes, press the “OK” button; otherwise
press the “Cancel” button.
4.1.1 Initial configuration via serial console
For using serial terminal, the DKVM-IP8 has a serial line interface (host side). This
connector is compliant with the RS-232 serial line standard. The serial line has to be
configured with the parameters given in Table 4-2.
When configuring with a serial terminal, e.g., Hyper Terminal, reset the DKVM-IP8 and
immediately press the “ESC” key. You will see some device information, and a “=>”
prompt. Enter “config”, press “Enter” key and wait for a few seconds for the
configuration questions to appear.
Parameter
Value
Bits/second
115200
Data bits
8
Parity
No
Stop bits
1
Flow Control
None
Table 4-2. Serial line parameters
As you proceed, the following questions will appear on the screen. To accept the
default values shown in square brackets below, press “Enter” key.
IP auto configuration (none/dhcp/bootp):
IP [192.168.1.22]:
Net mask [255.255.255.0]:
Gateway (0.0.0.0 for none) [0.0.0.0]:
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IP auto-configuration
With this option, you can specify whether the DKVM-IP8 should get its network
settings from a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP, enter “dhcp”, and for BOOTP
enter “bootp”. If you do not specify any of these, the IP auto-configuration is
disabled and subsequently you will be asked for the following network settings.
IP address
The IP address the DKVM-IP8. This option is only available if IP auto-configuration
is disabled.
Net mask
The net mask of the connected IP subnet. This option is only available if IP
auto-configuration is disabled.
Gateway address
The IP address of the default router for the connected IP subnet. If you do not have
a default router, enter 0.0.0.0. This option is only available if IP auto-configuration is
disabled.
4.2 Keyboard, Mouse, and Video configuration
Between the DKVM-IP8 and the host, there are two interfaces available for
transmitting keyboard and mouse data: USB and PS/2. The correct operation of the
remote mouse depends on several settings which will be discussed in the following
subsections.
4.2.1 DKVM-IP8 keyboard settings
The DKVM-IP8 settings for the host's keyboard type have to be corrected in order to
make the remote keyboard work properly. Check the settings in the DKVM-IP8 Web
front-end. See section 6.5.2 for details.
4.2.2 Remote Mouse Settings
A common seen problem with KVM devices is the synchronization between the local
and remote mouse cursors. The DKVM-IP8 addresses this situation with an intelligent
synchronization algorithm. There are two mouse modes available on the DKVM-IP8:
Auto mouse speed
The automatic mouse speed mode tries to detect the speed and acceleration
settings of the host system automatically. See the section below for a more
detailed explanation.
Fixed mouse speed
This mode just translates the mouse movements from the Remote Console in a
way that one pixel move will result in n-pixel moves on the remote system. This
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parameter n is adjustable with the scaling. Please note that this works only when
mouse acceleration is turned off on the remote system.
4.2.3 Automatic mouse speed and mouse synchronization
The automatic mouse speed mode performs the speed detection during mouse
synchronization. Whenever the local and remote mouse cursors move synchronously
or not, there are two ways for re-synchronizing local and remote mouse cursors:
Fast Sync
The fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary, but fixed skew. Choose
the option using the Remote Console options menu or press the mouse
synchronization hotkey sequence in case you defined one.
Intelligent Sync
If the fast sync does not work or the mouse settings have been changed on the
host system, use the intelligent resynchronization. This method takes more time
than the fast one and can be accessed with the appropriate item in the Remote
Console option menu. The intelligent synchronization requires a correctly
adjusted picture. Use the auto adjustment function to setup the picture, and make
sure that there are no window at the top left corner of the remote desktop that are
able to change the mouse cursor shape from the normal state. The Sync mouse
button on top of the Remote Console can behave differently, depending on the
current state of mouse synchronization. Usually pressing this button leads to a
fast sync, except in situations where the KVM port or the video mode changed
recently.
Note: At first start, if the local mouse pointer is not synchronized with
the remote mouse pointer, press the Auto Adjust Button once.
4.2.4 Host system mouse settings
The host's operating system knows various settings from the mouse driver.
Warning
The following limitations do not apply in case of USB and Mouse Type
“Windows >= 2000, MacOSX”.
While the DKVM-IP8 works with accelerated mice and is able to synchronize the local
with the remote mouse pointer, there are the following limitations, which may prevent
this synchronization from working properly:
Special Mouse Driver
There are mouse drivers that influence the synchronization process and lead to
desynchronized mouse pointers. If this happens, make sure you do not use a
special vendor-specific mouse driver on your host system.
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Windows XP Mouse Settings
Windows XP knows a setting named “improve mouse acceleration”, which has to
be deactivated.
Active Desktop
If the Active Desktop feature of Microsoft Windows is enabled do not use a plain
background. Instead, use some kind of wallpaper. As an alternative, you could
also disable the Active Desktop completely.
Navigate your mouse pointer into the upper left corner of the applet screen and
move it slightly forth and back. Thus the mouse will be resynchronized. If
re-synchronizing fails, disable the mouse acceleration and repeat the procedure.
4.2.5 Single and Double Mouse Mode
The information above applies to the Double Mouse Mode, where remote and local
mouse pointers are visible and need to be synchronized. The DKVM-IP8 also
features another mode, the Single Mouse Mode, where only the remote mouse
pointer is visible. Activate this mode in the open Remote Console and click into the
window area. The local mouse pointer will be hidden and the remote one can be
controlled directly. To leave this mode, it is necessary to define a mouse hotkey in the
Remote Console Settings Panel. Press this key to free the captured local mouse
pointer.
4.2.6 Recommended Mouse Settings
For the different operating systems we can give the following advice:
MS Windows 2000/2003 (Professional and Server) and XP (all versions)
In general, we recommend the usage of a mouse via USB. Choose USB without
Mouse Sync. For a PS/2 mouse choose Auto Mouse Speed. For XP disable the option
“enhance pointer precision” in the Control Panel.
SUN Solaris
Adjust the mouse settings either via xset m 1 or use the CDE Control Panel to set the
mouse to “1:1, no acceleration”. As an alternative you may also use the Single Mouse
Mode.
MAC OS X
We recommend using the Single Mouse Mode.
4.2.7 Video Modes
The DKVM-IP8 recognizes a limited number of common video modes. When running
X11 on the host system, please do not use any custom mode lines with special video
modes. If you do, the DKVM-IP8 may not be able to detect them. We recommend
using any of the standard VESA video modes, instead.
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5. Usage
5.1 Prerequisites
The DKVM-IP8 features an embedded operating system and applications offering a variety
of standardized interfaces. This chapter will describe both these interfaces, and the way to
use them in a more detailed manner. The interfaces are accessed using the TCP/IP
protocol family, thus they can be accessed using the LAN port of the device.
The following interfaces are supported:
HTTP/HTTPS
Full access is provided by the embedded web server. The DKVM-IP8 environment can
be entirely managed using a standard web browser. You can access the DKVM-IP8
using the insecure HTTP protocol, or using the encrypted HTTPS protocol. Whenever
possible, use HTTPS.
Telnet
A standard Telnet client can be used to access an arbitrary device connected to the
DKVM-IP8's serial port via a terminal mode.
The primary interface of the DKVM-IP8 is the HTTP interface. This is covered
extensively in this chapter. Other interfaces are addressed in subtopics.
In order to use the Remote Console window of your managed host system, the browser
has to come with a Java Runtime Environment version 1.4.2 or above. If the browser has
no Java support (such as on a small handheld device), you are still able to maintain your
DKVM-IP8 using the administration forms displayed by the browser itself.
For an insecure connection to the DKVM-IP8, we can recommend the following browsers:
• Microsoft Internet Explorer version 6.0 or higher on Windows 2000 and Windows XP
• Netscape Navigator 7.0 or Mozilla 1.6 on Windows 2000, Windows XP, Unix, Linux and
UNIX-like Operating Systems
In order to access the remote host system using a securely encrypted connection, you
need a browser that supports the HTTPS protocol. Strong security is only assured by using
a key length of 256 Bit. Some of the old browsers do not have a strong 256 Bit encryption
algorithm.
Using the Internet Explorer, open the menu entry “?” and “Info” to read about the key
length that is currently activated. The dialog box contains a link that leads you to
information on how to upgrade your browser to a state of the art encryption scheme.
Figure 5-1 shows the dialog box presented by the Internet Explorer 6.0.
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Figure 5-1. The Internet Explorer displaying the encryption key length
Newer web browsers generally support strong encryption on default.
5.2 Login into the DKVM-IP8 and logout
5.2.1 Login into the DKVM-IP8
Launch your web browser. Direct it to the address of your DKVM-IP8, which you
configured during the installation process. The address used might be an IP address or
a domain name, in the case where you have given your DKVM-IP8 a symbolic name in
the DNS. For instance, type the following in the URL field of your browser when
establishing an unsecured connection:
http://<IP address of DKVM-IP8>
When using a secure connection, type in:
https://<IP address of DKVM-IP8>
This will lead you to the DKVM-IP8 login page as shown in Figure 5-2.
Figure 5-2. Login screen
The DKVM-IP8 has a built-in super user that has all permissions to administrate your
DKVM-IP8:
Username
admin (factory default)
Password
admin (factory default)
Table 5-1. Standard user settings
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Warning
The user “super” is not allowed to login via the serial interface of the
DKVM-IP8.
Warning
Please make sure to change the super user password immediately after you
have installed and accessed your DKVM-IP8 for the first time. Unchanging of
the password for the super user is a severe security risk and might result in
unauthorized access to the DKVM-IP8 and to the host system including all
possible consequences!
Warning
Your web browser has to accept cookies, or else login is not possible.
Navigation
Having logged into the DKVM-IP8 successfully, the main page of the DKVM-IP8
appears (see Figure 5-3). This page consists of three parts; each of them contains
specific information. The buttons on the upper side allow you to navigate within the
front end (see Table 5-2 for details). Within the right frame, task-specific information is
displayed that depends on the section you have chosen before.
Figure 5-3. Main page
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Return to the main page of the DKVM-IP8 .
Open the DKVM-IP8 remote console.
Exit from the DKVM-IP8 front end.
Table 5-2. Buttons from the front end
Warning
If there is no activity for 30 minutes, the DKVM-IP8 will log you out,
automatically. A click on one of the links will bring you back to the login screen.
5.2.2 Logout from the DKVM-IP8
This link logs out the current user and presents a new login screen. Please note that an
automatic logout will be performed in case there is no activity for 30 minutes.
5.3 The Remote Console
The Remote Console is the redirected screen, keyboard and mouse of the remote host
system that DKVM-IP8 controls.
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Figure 5-4. Remote Console
The Remote Console window is a Java Applet that tries to establish its own TCP
connection to the DKVM-IP8. The protocol that is run over this connection is neither
HTTP or HTTPS, but RFB (Remote Frame Buffer Protocol). As default, RFB tries to
establish a connection to TCP port number 443. Your local network environment has to
allow this connection to be made, i.e. your firewall and, in case you have a private
internal network, your NAT (Network Address Translation) settings have to be
configured accordingly.
In case the DKVM-IP8 is connected to your local network environment and your
connection to the Internet is available using a proxy server only without NAT being
configured, the Remote Console is very unlikely to be able to establish the desired
connection. This is because today's web proxies are not capable of relaying the RFB
protocol.
In case of problems, please consult your network administrator in order to provide an
appropriate networking environment.
5.4 Main Window
Starting the Remote Console opens an additional window. It displays the screen
content of your host system. The Remote Console will behave exactly in the same way
as if you were sitting locally in front of the screen of your remote system. That means
keyboard and mouse can be used in the usual way. However, be aware of the fact that
the remote system will react to keyboard and mouse actions with a slight delay. The
delay depends on the bandwidth of the link to which you use to connect to the
DKVM-IP8.
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With respect to the keyboard, the very exact remote representation might lead to some
confusion as your local keyboard changes its keyboard layout according to the remote
host system. If you use a German administration system, and your host system uses a
US English keyboard layout, for instance, special keys on the German keyboard will
not work as expected. Instead, the keys will result in their US English counterpart. You
can circumvent such problems by adjusting the keyboard of your remote system to the
same mapping as your local one.
The Remote Console window always tries to show the remote screen with its optimal
size. That means it will adapt its size to the size of the remote screen initially and after
the screen resolution of the remote screen has been changed. However, you can
always resize the Remote Console window in your local window system as usual.
Warning
In difference to the remote host system, the Remote Console window on your
local window system is just one window among others. In order to make
keyboard and mouse work, your Remote Console window must have the local
input focus.
5.4.1 Remote Console Control Bar
The upper part of the Remote Console window contains a control bar. Using its
elements you can see the state of the Remote Console and adjust the local Remote
Console settings. A description for each control follows.
Figure 5-5. Remote Console Control Bar
Ctrl+Alt+Delete
Special button key to send the “Control Alt Delete” key combination to the remote
system (see also section 6.4.1 for defining new button keys).
Auto Adjust button
If the video display is of bad quality or distorted in some way, press this button and
wait a few seconds while the DKVM-IP8 tries to detect the video mode of VGA port
to the controlled host and adjust itself for the best possible video quality.
Sync mouse
Activates the mouse synchronization process. Choose this option in order to
synchronize the local with the remote mouse cursor. This is especially necessary
when using accelerated mouse settings on the host system. In general, there is no
need to change mouse settings on the host.
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Single/Double mouse mode
Switches between the Single Mouse Mode (where only the remote mouse pointer
is visible) and the Double Mouse Mode (where remote and local mouse pointers
are visible and need to be synchronized). Single mouse mode is only available if
using SUN JVM 1.4.2 or higher.
Options
To open the Options menu, click on the button “Options”.
Figure 5-6. Remote Console Options Menu
A short description of the options follows.
• Monitor Only
Toggles the Monitor only filter on or off. If the filter is switched on no remote
console interaction is possible, and monitoring is possible.
• Exclusive Access
If a user has the appropriate permission, he or she can force the Remote
Consoles of all other users to close. No one can open the Remote Console at the
same time again until this user disables the exclusive access, or logs off.
A change in the access mode is also visible in the status line (see Figure 5-7).
Figure 5-7. Remote Console Exclusive Mode
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• Scaling
Allow you to scale down the Remote Console. You can still use both mouse and
keyboard, however the scaling algorithm will not preserve all display details.
When you designate 25%, 50%, or100% scaling, the size of Remote Console
window is calculated according to the remote host video setting with scaling
algorithm execution. When you designate “Scale to fit”, the remote video
displaying is scaled to fit the size of Remote Console window.
Figure 5-8. Remote Console Options Menu:Scaling
• Mouse Handling
The submenu for mouse handling offers two options for synchronizing the local
and the remote mouse cursors.
Fast Sync -The fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary, but fixed skew.
Intelligent Sync -Use this option if the fast sync does not work or the mouse settings have
been changed on the host system.
Warning
This method takes more time than the fast one and requires a correctly
adjusted picture. Use the auto adjustment function to setup the picture.
• Local Cursor
Offers a list of different cursor shapes to choose from for the local mouse pointer.
The selected shape will be saved for the current user and activated the next time
this user opens the Remote Console. The number of available shapes depends
on the Java Virtual Machine; a version of 1.4.2 or above offers the full list.
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Figure 5-9. Remote Console Options Menu:Cursor
• Video Settings
Opens a panel for changing the DKVM-IP8 video settings. DKVM-IP8 features
two different dialogs, which for adjusting the video settings.
Video Settings through the HTML-Frontend
To enable local video port, select this option. This option decides if the local
video output of DKVM-IP8 is active and passing through the incoming signal
from the host system.
The option Noise Filter defines how DKVM-IP8 reacts to small changes in the
video input signal. Turning on the noise filter can help reduce video flickering
that is often caused by distortions, as well as lowering unnecessary
bandwidth consumption. A large filter setting needs less network traffic and
leads to a faster video display, but small changes in some display regions
may not be recognized immediately. A small filter displays all changes
instantly but may lead to a constant amount of network traffic even if display
content is not really changing (depending on the quality of the video input
signal). All in all the default setting should be suitable for most situations.
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Video Settings through the remote console
Figure 5-10. Video Settings Panel
Brightness Controls the brightness of the picture
Contrast Controls the contrast of the picture
Clock Defines the horizontal frequency for a video line and depends on
the video mode. Different video card types may require different values
here. The default settings in conjuction with the auto adjustment
procedure should be adequate for all common configurations. If the
picture quality is still bad after auto adjustment you may try to change
this setting together with the sampling phase to achieve a better
quality.
Phase Defines the phase for video sampling, used to control the display
quality together with the setting for sampling clock.
Horizontal Position Use the left and right buttons to move the picture in
horizontal direction while this option is selected.
Vertical Position Use the left and right buttons to move the picture in
vertical direction while this option is selected.
Reset this Mode Reset mode specific settings (Clock , Phase and
Position) to the factory-made defaults.
Reset all Modes Reset all settings to the factory-made defaults.
Save changes Save changes permanently
Undo Changes Restore last settings
• Refresh Video
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Click to run this menu item for retrieving the whole video again from the
controlled host and displayed on Remote Console. In normal situation, only
changed parts of video will be packed and sent from DKVM-IP8, for saving
network bandwidth. This function is mainly used for troubleshooting purpose
where some old video fragments are displayed as not updated in time for some
reason; for example, noise filter for VGA is setting too large.
• Soft Keyboard
Figure 5-11. Soft Keyboard
Opens up the Menu for the Soft-Keyboard.
• Show
Pops up the Soft-Keyboard. The Soft-Keyboard is necessary in case your host
system runs a completely different language and country mapping than your
administration machine.
• Mapping
Used for choosing the specific language and country mapping of the
Soft-Keyboard.
Figure 5-12. Soft Keyboard Mapping
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• Local Keyboard
Used to change the language mapping of your browser machine running the
Remote Console Applet. Normally, the applet determines the correct value
automatically. However, depending on your particular JVM and your browser
settings this is not always possible. A typical example is a German localized
system that uses an US-English keyboard mapping. In this case you have to
change the Local Keyboard setting to the right language, manually.
• Hotkeys
Opens a list of hotkeys defined before. Choose one entry, the command will be
sent to the host system.
A confirmation dialog can be added that will be displayed before sending the
selected command to the remote host. Select “OK” to execute the command on
the remote host.
Figure 5-13. Remote Console Confirmation Dialog
• Full Screen
Use this function to enter to full screen mode. To Exit the full screen, press
hotkey CTRL+F11
• Encoding
These options are used to adjust the encoding level in terms of compression and
color depth. They are only available unless "Transmission Encoding" is
determined automatically (see the Section called Transmission Encoding in
Chapter 6).
Compression Level: you may select a value between 1 and 9 for the desired
compression level with level 1 enabling the fastest compression and level 9 the
best compression. The most suitable compression level should always be seen
as a compromise between the network bandwidth that is available, on your
video picture to be transferred, and on the number of changes between two
single video pictures. We recommend to use a higher compression level if the
network bandwidth is low. The higher the compression level the more time is
needed to pack and unpack the video data on either side of the connection. The
compression quality depends on the video picture itself, e.g. the number of the
colors or the diversity of pixels. The lower the compression quality, the more
data have to be sent and the longer it may take to transfer the whole video
picture.
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If level 0 is chosen the video compression is disabled, completely.
The option "Video Optimized" has its advantages if transferring high-quality
motion pictures. In this case the video compression is disabled, completely and
all video data is transferred via network as full-quality video snippets. Therefore,
a high amount of bandwidth is required to ensure the quality of
the video picture.
Figure 5-14. Encoding Compression
Color Depth: set the desired color depth. You may select between 8 or 16 bit
for Video Optimized/compression level 0, or between 1 and 8 bit for
compression level 1 to 9. The higher the color depth, the more video information
has to be captured and to be transferred.
Figure 5-14. Encoding Color depth
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Note: If displaying motion pictures on a connection with low speed you may
achieve an improvement regarding the video transfer rate by lowering the color
depth and disabling the option "Video Optimized". As a general result, the data
rate is reduced (less bits per color). Furthermore, the IPKVM module will not have
to do any video compression. In total, this will lead to less transfer time of the
motion picture.
5.4.2 Remote Console Status Line
Status line
Shows both console and the connection state. The size of the remote screen is
displayed. Figure 5-15 was taken from a Remote Console with a resolution of
800x600 pixels. The value in brackets describes the connection to the Remote
Console. “Norm” means a standard connection without encryption, “SSL” means a
secure connection.
Figure 5-15. Status line
Furthermore, both the incoming (“In:”) and the outgoing (“Out:”) network traffic are
visible (in kb/s). If compressed encoding is enabled, a value in brackets displays
the compressed transfer rate.
Figure 5-16. Status line transfer rate
For more information about Monitor Only and Exclusive Access settings, see related
sections
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6. Menu Options
6.1 Remote Control
6.1.1 KVM Console
Figure 6-1. KVM Console
To open the KVM console, either click on the menu entry on the left, or on the console
picture on the right. To refresh the picture, click on the button “Refresh”.
6.1.2 Telnet Console
Figure 6-2. Telnet Console
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The DKVM-IP8 firmware features a Telnet server that enables a user to connect via a
standard Telnet client. In case the Telnet program is using a VT 100, VT 102 or VT 220
terminal or an according emulation, it is even possible to perform a console redirection
as long as the DKVM-IP8 host machine is using a text mode screen resolution.
Connecting to the DKVM-IP8 is done as usual and as required by the Telnet client, for
instance in a UNIX shell:
telnet 192.168.0.70
Replace the IP address by the one that is actually assigned to the DKVM-IP8. This will
prompt for username and password in order to log into the device. The credentials that
need to be entered for authentication are identical to those of the web interface. That
means, the user management of the Telnet interface is entirely controlled with the
according functions of the web interface.
Once you have successfully logged into the DKVM-IP8 a command line will be
presented and you can enter according management commands.
In general, the Telnet interface supports two operation modes: the command line mode
and the terminal mode. The command line mode is used to control or display some
parameters. In terminal mode the pass-through access to serial port 1 is activated (if
the serial settings were configured accordingly). All inputs are redirected to the device
on serial port 1 and its answers are displayed on the Telnet interface.
The following list shows the according command mode command syntax and their
usage.
help
Displays the list of possible commands
cls
Clears the screen
quit
Exits the current session and disconnects from the client
version
Displays the release information
terminal
Starts the terminal passthrough mode for serial port 1. The key sequence esc exit
switches back to the command mode.
6.2 Remote Power
Please refer to “Serial Power Controller - User Manual” for details.
The serial power equipment is option.
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6.3 Mapping
6.3.1 Floppy Disk
Figure 6-6. Virtual Floppy Area
Upload a Floppy Image
A certain (floppy) image can be built up in two steps.
• Click “Browse” button and select the image file.
Figure 6-7. Select Image File
The maximum image size is limited to 1.44MB. For larger image please see section
6.3.2.
• Click “Upload” button to upload the chosen image file into the DKVM-IP8’s onboard
memory. This image file is kept in the onboard memory of the DKVM-IP8 until the
end of the current session, as you logged out, or initiated a reboot of the DKVM-IP8.
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6.3.2 CD–ROM Image
Use Image on Windows Share (SAMBA)
To include an image from a Windows share, select “CD-ROM” from the submenu.
Figure 6-8. Selecting CD ROM
Figure 6-9. Select Windows Share
The following information has to be given to mount the image properly:
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Share host -- The server name or its IP address.
Share folder name -- The name of the share folder to be used.
Image file name -- The name of the image file on the share folder.
User name -- If necessary, specify the user name for the share named in advance. If
unspecified, and a guest account is activated, this guest account
information will be used as your login.
Password -- If necessary, specify the password for the given user name.
To register the specified file image and its location click on the button “Set”.
The specified image file is supposed to be accessible from the DKVM-IP8. The
information above has to be given from the point of view of the DKVM-IP8. It is
important to specify correct IP addresses, and device names. Otherwise, DKVM-IP8
may not be able to access the referenced image file.
Furthermore, the specified share has to be configured correctly. Therefore,
administrative permissions are required. As a regular user you may not have these
permissions. You should either login as a system administrator (or as “root” on UNIX
systems), or ask your system administrator for help to complete this task.
Windows 2000/XP
Open the Explorer, navigate to the directory (or share), and press the right mouse
button to open the context menu.
Figure 6-10. Explorer context menu
Select “Sharing” to open the configuration dialog.
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Figure 6-11. Share configuration dialog
Adjust the settings for the selected directory.
• Activate the selected directory as a share. Select “Sharing this folder”.
• Choose an appropriate name for the share. You may also add a short description
for this folder (input field “Comment”).
• If necessary, adjust the permissions (button “permissions”).
• Click “OK” to set the options for this share.
UNIX and UNIX-like OS (Sun Solaris, and Linux)
If you like to access the share via SAMBA, SAMBA has to be set up properly. You
may either edit the SAMBA configuration file /etc/samba/smb.conf, or use the
Samba Web Administration Tool (SWAT) or WebMin to set the correct parameters.
Creating an Image
Floppy Images
UNIX and UNIX-like OS
To create an image file, make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX utilities and
is included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, and Linux).
To create a floppy image file, copy the contents of a floppy to a file. You can use the
following command:
dd [ if=/dev/fd0 ] [ of=/tmp/floppy.image ]
dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/fd0, and saves the output in the
specified output file /tmp/floppy.image. Adjust both parameters exactly to your needs
(input device etc.)
MS Windows
You can use the tool “Raw Write for Windows”. It is included on the CD ROM shipped
with DKVM-IP8.
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Figure 6-12. RawWrite for Windows selection dialog
From the menu, select the tab “Read”. Enter (or choose) the name of the file in which
you would like to save the floppy content. Click on the button “Copy” to initiate the
image creation process.
For related tools you may have a look at www.fdos.org
CD ROM/ISO Images
UNIX and UNIX-like OS
To create an image file, make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX utilities and
is included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, and Linux).
To create a CDROM image file, copy the contents of the CDROM to a file. You can use
the following command:
dd [ if=/dev/cdrom ] [ of=/tmp/cdrom.image ]
dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/cdrom, and saves the output in the
specified output file /tmp/cdrom.image. Adjust both parameters exactly to your needs
(input device etc.).
MS Windows
To create the image file, use your favorite CD imaging tool. Copy the whole contents of
the disc into one single image file on your hard disk.
For example, with “Nero” you choose “Copy and Backup”. Then, navigate to the “Copy
Disc” section. Select the CD ROM or DVD drive you would like to create an image from.
Specify the filename of the image, and save the CD ROM content in that file.
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Figure 6-13. Nero selection dialog
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6.3.3 Drive redirection
The Drive Redirection is another possibility to use a virtual disc drive on the remote
computer. With Drive Redirection you do not have to use an image file but may work with a
drive from your local computer on the remote machine. The drive is hereby shared over a
TCP network connection. Devices such as floppy drives, hard discs, CD ROMs and other
removable devices like USB sticks can be redirected. It is even possible to enable a write
support so that for the remote machine it is possible to write data to your local disc.
Figure 6-14. Options of Drive Redirection
Please note that Drive Redirection works on a level which is far below the operating system.
That means that neither the local nor the remote operating system is aware that the drive is
currently redirected, actually. This may lead to inconsistent data as soon as one of the
operating systems (either from the local machine, or from the remote host) is writing data
on the device. If write support is enabled the remote computer might damage the data and
the file system on the redirected device. On the other hand, if the local operating system
writes data to the redirected device the drive cache of the operating system of the remote
host might contain older data. This may confuse the remote host’s operating system. We
recommend to use the Drive Redirection with care, especially the write support.
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Disable Drive Redirection
If enabled the Drive Redirection is switched off.
Force read-only connections
If enabled the Write Support for the Drive Redirection is switched off. It is not possible
to write on a redirected device.
Click Apply to submit your changes.
There are two methods of Drive Redirections:
1. External Drive Redirection Utility
2. Built-in Java Drive Redirection function in Remote Console
6.3.3.1 Driver Redirection Utility Installation
Please follow the Drive Redirection Setup Wizard step by step to install the driver
from the attached CD ROM.
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Figure 6-15. Drive Redirection Setup
Drive Redirection Settings
 Start Drive Redirection
Figure 6-16. Drive Redirection dialog
Drive to redirect
Device
This is the address (either the DNS name or the IP address) of the DKVM-IP8 you would
like to connect to.
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Drive
The local drive you want to share with the remote computer, which could be Floppy disc,
CD-ROMs, USB-Sticks and hard drives.
Port
This is the network port. By default, DKVM-IP8 uses the remote console port (#443) here.
You may change this value if you have changed the remote console port in your
DKVM-IP8’s network settings.
Secure Connection
Enable this box to establish a secure connection via SSL. This will maximize the security
but may reduce the connection speed.
Select the drive you would like to redirect. All available devices (drive letters) are shown
here. Please note that the whole drive is shared with the remote computer, not only one
partition. If you have a hard disc with more than one partition all drive letters that belong to
this disc will be redirected. The Refresh button may be used to regenerate the list of drive
letters, especially for an USB stick.
Warning
Please be cautious that if “Allow Write Support” is selected, all data on the shred
media might be destroyed.
Write Support
This feature may be enabled here. Write support means that the remote computer is
allowed to write on your local drive. As you can imagine, this is very dangerous. If both the
remote and the local system try to write data on the same device, this will certainly destroy
the file system on the drive. Please use this only when you exactly know what you are
doing.
Device Authentication
The factory default Username is “super” and the default Password is “pass”.
 Click Connect to redirect drive
Warning
1. Drive Redirection is only possible with Windows 2000 and above versions.
2. The Drive Redirection works on a low SCSI level and the SCSI protocol cannot
recognize partitions; therefore the whole drive selected will be shared instead of
any particular partition.
3. While connecting to a legacy KVM switch, please select PS/2 mouse for
Keyboard/Mouse setting from webpage. Otherwise you will not be able to use
Hot-key.
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Navigation Buttons
Connect/Disconnect
To establish the drive redirection please press the Connect button once. If all the settings
are correct, the status bar displays that the connection has been established, the Connect
button is disabled and the Disconnect button is enabled.
On an error, the status line shows the error message. The drive redirection software tries to
lock the local drive before it is redirected. That means that it tries to prevent the local
operating system from accessing the drive as long as it is redirected. This may also fail,
especially if a file on the drive is currently open. In the case of a locking failure, you will be
prompted if you want to establish the connection anyhow. This should not be a serious
problem when the note above is respected. If the write support is enabled, a drive which is
not locked might be damaged by the Drive Redirection.
With the Disconnect button, a connection via Drive Redirection connection is stopped.
Exit/Hide
If the Exit button is pressed, the Drive Redirection software is closed. If a Drive Redirection
connection is active, the connection will be closed before the application terminates.
Using the Hide to Tray button the application is hidden, but not terminated completely. That
means that an active connection will be kept active until it is closed explicitly. You can
access the software by its tray icon. The tray icon also shows whether a connection is
established or not. A double click on the icon shows the application window, or with a right
click you may access a small menu
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6.3.3.2 Built-in Java Drive Redirection
1. Run Remote Control > KVM Console.
2.
Click “Floppy” icon
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3. Click Connect Drive or Connect ISO
4. Select a drive to redirect (if Connect Drive)
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5. Select a ISO image to redirect (if Connect ISO)
6.3.4 Options
Figure 6-17. USB mass storage option
Set this option to disable the mass storage emulation (and hide the virtual drive) if no
image file is currently loaded. If unset, and no file image will be found it may happen that
the host system will hang on boot due to changes in the boot order, or the boot manager
(LILO, GRUB). This case was reported for some Windows versions (2000, XP), other OS
might not be fully excluded. This behavior depends on the BIOS version used in that
machine.
To set this option, press the button “Apply”.
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6.4 User Management
6.4.1 Change Password
Figure 6-18. Set password
To change your password, enter the new password in the upper entry field. Retype the
password in the field below. Click “Apply” to submit your changes.
6.4.2 Users and Groups
Figure 6-19. Set User
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The DKVM-IP8 comes with 1 pre-configured user account that has fixed permissions.
The account “super” has all possible rights to configure the device and to use all
functions DKVM-IP8 offers.
Upon delivery, the account “super” has the password “pass”. Make sure to change
password immediately after you have installed and on initial access of your DKVM-IP8.
Existing users
Select an existing user for modification. Once a user has been selected, click the
lookup button to see the user information.
New User name
The new user name for the selected account.
Password
The password for the login name. It must be at least three characters long.
Confirm password
Confirmation of the password above.
Email address
This is optional.
Mobile number
This information may be optionally provided.
Role
Each user can be a member of a group (named a “role” ) - either an administrator,
or an regular user. Choose the desired role from the selection box.
To create an user press the button “Create”. The button “Modify” changes the displayed user settings. To delete an user press the button “Delete”.
Note:The DKVM-IP8 is equipped with an host-independent processor and memory
unit which both have a limitation in terms of the processing instructions and memory
space. To guarantee an acceptable response time we recommend not to exceed the
number of 15 users connected to the DKVM-IP8 at the same time. The memory space
that is available onto the DKVM-IP8 mainly depends on the configuration and the
usage of the DKVM-IP8 (log file entries etc.). That’s why we recommend not to store
more than 150 user profiles.
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6.5 KVM Settings
6.5.1 User Console
The following settings are user specific. That means, the super user can customize
these settings for every users separately. Changing the settings for one user does not
affect the settings for the other users.
Figure 6-20. User Console Settings (Part 1)
User select box
This selection box displays the user ID for which the values are shown and for
which the changes will take effect. You may change the settings of other users if
you have the required privileges.
Transmission Encoding
The Transmission Encoding setting allows changing the image-encoding algorithm
that is used to transmit the video data to the Remote Console window. It is possible
to optimize the speed of the remote screen processing depending on the number
of users working at the same time and the network bandwidth of the connection
line (Modem, ISDN, DSL, LAN, etc.).
Automatic detection
The encoding and the compression level is determined automatically from the
available bandwidth and the current content of the video image.
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Pre-configured
The pre-configured settings deliver the best result because of optimized
adjustment of compression and colour depth for the indicated network speed.
Manually
Allows to adjust both compression rate and the colour depth individually.
Depending on the selected compression rate the data stream between the
DKVM-IP8 and the Remote Console will be compressed in order to save
bandwidth. Since high compression rates consum more computing power of
DKVM-IP8, they should not be used while several users are accessing the
DKVM-IP8 simultaneously.
The standard color depth is 16 Bit (65536 colors). The other color depths are
intended for slower network connections in order to allow a faster transmission
of data. Therefore compression level 0 (no compression) uses only 16 Bit color
depth. At lower bandwidths only 4 Bit (16 colors) and 2 Bit (4 gray scales) are
recommended for typical desktop interfaces. Photo-like pictures have best
results with 4 Bit (16 gray scales). 1 Bit color depth (black/white) should only be
used for extremely slow network connections.
Figure 6-21. User Console Settings (Part 2)
Remote Console Type
Specifies, which Remote Console Viewer to use.
Default Java-VM
Uses the default Java Virtual Machine of your Browser. This may be the
Microsoft JVM for the Internet Explorer, or the Sun JVM if it is configured this
way. Use of the Sun JVM may also be forced (see below).
Sun Microsystems Java Browser Plugin
Instructs the web browser of your administration system to use the JVM of Sun
Microsystems. The JVM in the browser is used to run the code for the Remote
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Console window, which is actually a Java Applet. If you check this box for the
first time on your administration system and the appropriate Java plug-in is not
already installed on your system, it will be downloaded and installed
automatically. However, in order to make the installation possible, you still
need to answer the according dialogs with “yes” . The download volume is
around 11 Mbytes. The advantage of downloading Sun's JVM lays in providing
a stable and identical Java Virtual Machine across different platforms. The
Remote Console software is optimized for this JVM versions and offers wider
range of functionality when run in SUN's JVM. Please make sure that you are
installing Sun JVM 1.4.2 or above to your client system.
Miscellaneous Remote Console Settings
Start in Monitor Mode
Sets the initial value for the monitor mode. By default the monitor mode is off.
In case you switch it on, the Remote Console window will be started in a read
only mode.
Start in Exclusive Access Mode
Enables the exclusive access mode immediately at Remote Console startup.
This forces the Remote Consoles of all other users to close. No one can open
the Remote Console at the same time again until this user disables the
exclusive access or logs off.
Mouse hotkey
Allows to specify a hotkey combination which starts either the mouse
synchronization process if pressed in the Remote Console, or is used to leave the
single mouse mode.
Remote Console Button Keys
Button Keys allow simulating keystrokes on the remote system that cannot be
generated locally. The reason for this might be a missing key or the fact, that the
local operating system of the Remote Console is unconditionally catching this
keystroke already. Typical examples are “Control+Alt+Delete” on Windows and
DOS, what is always caught, or “Control+Backspace” on Unix or Unix-like OS for
terminating the X-Server. The syntax to define a new Button Key is as follows:
[confirm] <keycode>[+|-[*]<keycode>]*
“confirm” requests confirmation by a dialog box before the key strokes will be sent
to the remote host.
“keycode” is the key to be sent. Multiple key codes can be concatenated with a
plus, or a minus sign. The plus sign builds key combinations, all keys will be
pressed until a minus sign or the end of the combination is encountered. In this
case all pressed keys should be released in reversed sequence. The minus sign
builds single, separate key presses and releases. The star inserts a pause with
duration of 100 milliseconds.
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6.5.2 Keyboard/Mouse
Figure 6-22. Keyboard and Mouse Settings
Host Interface
Enables a certain interface the mouse is connected to. You can choose between
“Auto” for automatic detection, “USB” for an USB mouse, and “PS/2” for a PS/2
mouse.
Warning
To use the USB and/or PS/2 interface you need a correct cabling between
the managed host and the managing device. If the managed host has no
USB keyboard support in the BIOS and you have connected the USB cable
only then you will have no remote keyboard access during the boot
process of the host. If USB and PS/2 are both connected and you selected
“Auto” as host interface, then the card will select “USB” if available or
otherwise falls back to “PS/2”.
To get USB remote keyboard access during the boot process of the host, the
following conditions must be fulfilled:
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• the host BIOS must have USB keyboard support
• the USB cable must be connected or must be selected in the Host interface
option
PS/2 Keyboard Model
Enables a certain keyboard layout. You can choose between “Generic 101-Key
PC” for a standard keyboard layout, “Generic 104-Key PC” for a standard keyboard
layout extendend by three additional windows keys, “Generic 106-Key PC” for a
japanese keyboard, and “Apple Macintosh” for the Apple Macintosh.
Keyboard timeout
Recommanded as “enable” for keyboard timeout when host is UNIX
or UNIX-like OS.
USB Mouse Type
Enables USB mouse type. Choose between “Windows >= 2000 , MacOSX” for MS
Windows 2000 or Windows XP, Mac OSX or “Other Operating Systems” for MS
Windows NT, Unix or Unix-like OS, or OS X. In “Windows >= 2000 , MacOSX”
mode the remote mouse is always synchronized with the local mouse.
Mouse Speed
• Auto mouse speed
Use this option if the mouse settings on host use an additional acceleration
setting. The DKVM-IP8 tries to detect the acceleration and speed of the mouse
during the mouse sync process.
• Fixed mouse speed
Use a direct translation of mouse movements between the local and the remote
pointer.
You may also set a fixed scaling which determines the pixel-amount of the
remote mouse pointer movement when the local mouse pointer is moved by one
pixel. This option is used to manually control the remote mouse speed and only
works when the mouse settings on the host are linear. This means mouse
acceleration of OS should be disabled, and the intelligent mouse synchronization
of DKVM-IP8 is not functioning under this setting.
• Absolute mouse scaling for MAC server
Use this option for MAC server.
To set the options, click on the button “Apply”.
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6.5.3 Video
Figure 6-23. Video Settings
Miscellaneous Video Settings
• Noise filter
This option defines how the DKVM-IP8 reacts to small changes in the video input
signal. Turning on the noise filter can help reduce video flickering that is often
caused by distortions, as well as lowering unnecessary bandwidth consumption.
A large filter setting needs less network traffic and leads to a faster video display,
but small changes in some display regions may not be recognized immediately.
A small filter displays all changes instantly but may lead to a constant amount of
network traffic even if the display content is not really changing (depending on
the quality of the video input signal). All in all the default setting should be
suitable for most situations.
• Force Composite Sync (Required for Sun Computers)
When connecting the device directly to legacy Sun computer (with composite
sync as the video output, it may be possible that DKVM-IP8 don’t recognize the
composite sync automatically. To support signal transmission from a Sun
machine, enable this option. If not enabled the picture of the remote console will
not be visible.
To set the options, click on the button “Apply”.
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6.6 Device Settings
6.6.1 Network
The Network Settings panel as shown in Figure 6-24 allows changing network related
parameters. Each parameter will be explained below. Once applied the new network
settings will immediately come into effect.
Figure 6-24. Network Settings
Warning
The initial IP configuration is usually done directly at the host system using the
special procedure described in Table 4-1.
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Warning
Changing the network settings of the DKVM-IP8 might result in losing
connection to it. In case you change the settings remotely make sure that all
the values are correct and you still have an option to access the DKVM-IP8.
IP auto configuration
With this option you can control if the DKVM-IP8 should fetch its network settings
from a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP, select “dhcp” , and for BOOTP select
“bootp” accordingly. If you choose “none” then IP auto configuration is disabled.
Preferred host name
Preferred host name to request from DHCP server. Whether the DHCP server
takes the DKVM-IP8 suggestion into account or not depends on the server
configuration.
IP address
IP address in the usual dot notation.
Subnet Mask
The net mask of the local network.
Gateway IP address
In case the DKVM-IP8 should be accessible from networks other than the local one,
this IP address must be set to the local network router's IP address.
Primary DNS Server IP Address
IP address of the primary Domain Name Server in dot notation. This option may be
left empty, however the DKVM-IP8 will not be able to perform name resolution.
Secondary DNS Server IP Address
IP address of the secondary Domain Name Server in dot notation. It will be used in
case the Primary DNS Server cannot be contacted.
Remote Console And HTTPS port
Port number at which the DKVM-IP8's Remote Console server and HTTPS server
are listening. If left empty the default value will be used.
HTTP port
Port number at which the DKVM-IP8's HTTP server is listening. If left empty the
default value will be used.
Telnet port
Port number at which the DKVM-IP8's Telnet server is listening. If left empty the
default value will be used.
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SSH port
Port number at which the DKVM-IP8 SSH (Secure SHell) server is listening. If left empty
the default value (port 22) will be used.
Bandwidth limitation
The maximum network traffic generated through the DKVM-IP8 ethernet device.
Value in Kbit/s.
Enable Telnet access
This enables the Telnet function.
Enable SSH access
This enables the SSH (Secure SHell) function.
Disable Setup Protocol
Enable this option to exclude the DKVM-IP8 from the setup protocol. Setup
protocol is a proprietary layer-2 MAC-based protocol to allow some configuration
software to detect DKVM-IP8 devices in the network, even without IP address, and
then config network related settings to DKVM-IP8..
LAN Interface Settings
The “Autodetect” will set the ethernet speed to the fastest possible value supported
by both endpoints of the link. For example, if you use a 10M/half duplex HUB, this
speed will be auto-selected. If this option does not work with some network device
(HUB, switches, and routers), you can set the Ethernet interface speed of
DKVM-IP8 manually to the values as supported by the network device.
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6.6.2 Dynamic DNS
Figure 6-25. Dynamic DNS
A freely available Dynamic DNS service (www.dyndns.org) can be used in the
following scenario (see Figure 6-26):
Figure 6-26. Dynamic DNS Scenario
The DKVM-IP8 is reachable via the IP address of the DSL router, which is dynamically
assigned by the provider. Since the administrator does not know the IP address
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assigned by the provider, the DKVM-IP8 connects to a special dynamic DNS server in
regular intervals and registers its IP address there. The administrator may contact this
server as well and pick up the same IP address belonging to his card.
The administrator has to register an DKVM-IP8 that is supposed to take part in the
service with the Dynamic DNS Server and assign a certain hostname to it. He will get a
nickname and a password in return to the registration process. This account
information together with the hostname is needed in order to determine the IP address
of the registered DKVM-IP8.
You have to perform the following steps in order to enable Dynamic DNS:
• Make sure that the LAN interface of the DKVM-IP8 is properly configured.
• Enter the Dynamic DNS Settings configuration dialog as shown in Figure 6-25.
• Enable Dynamic DNS and change the settings according to your needs (see below).
Enable Dynamic DNS
This enables the Dynamic DNS service. This requires a configured DNS server IP
address.
Dynamic DNS server
This is the server name where DKVM-IP8 registers itself in regular intervals.
Currently, this is a fixed setting since only dyndns.org is supported for now.
DNS System
Choose Dynamic for free DNS service. Custom for your own domain.
Hostname
This is the hostname of the DKVM-IP8 that is provided by the Dynamic DNS Server.
(use the whole name including the domain, e.g. testserver.dyndns.org , not just the
actual hostname).
Username
You have registered this username during your manual registration with the
Dynamic DNS Server. Spaces are not allowed in the Nickname.
Password
You have used this password during your manual registration with the Dynamic
DNS Server.
Check time
The DKVM-IP8 registers itself for initiating the IP address of DKVM-IP8 stored in
the Dynamic DNS server at this time.
Check interval
This is the interval for reporting again to the Dynamic DNS server for updating the
IP address associated with the Domain Name of the DKVM-IP8.
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Warning
The DKVM-IP8 has its own independent real time clock. Make sure the time
setting of the DKVM-IP8 is correct. (see the Section called Date And Time )
6.6.3 Security
Figure 6-27. Device Security
Force HTTPS
If this option is enabled access to the web front-end is only possible using an
HTTPS connection. The DKVM-IP8 will not listen on the HTTP port for incoming
connections.
In case you want to create your own SSL certificate that is used to identify the
DKVM-IP8 refer to the Section called Certificate.
KVM encryption
This option controls the encryption of the RFB protocol. RFB is used by the
Remote Console to transmit both the screen data to the administrator machine and
keyboard and mouse data back to the host. If set to “Off” no encryption will be used.
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If set to ”Try” the applet tries to make an encrypted connection. In case connection
establishment fails for any reason an unencrypted connection will be used.
If set to “Force” the applet tries to make an encrypted connection with certificate.
An error will be reported in case connection establishment fails.
Group-based System Access Control
This is the IP filtering function, it keeps unauthorized hosts from accessing to the
DKVM-IP8 by specifying IP filtering rules. It is important to fully understand what
an IP filter is. If you don't fully understand this, you will get unexpected results
against your original plan.
Chain rule
The Chain rule determines whether the access from the hosts is allowed or not. It
can be one of these two values:
 ACCEPT : access allowed
 DROP : access not allowed
The rule can be configured to apply to a particular Group level (All, User, Super,
Administrator).
When the DKVM-IP8 receives a TCP packet, it will process the packet with the
chain rule depicted below. The process ordering is important; The packet will enter
the chain rule 1 first, if meet the rule then take action directly, otherwise go to chain
rule 2.
TCP packet
Rule 1
Yes
Action 1
Yes
Action 2
Yes
Action 3
Yes
Action 4
Yes
Action 5
No
Rule 2
No
Rule ..
No
Rule n
No
Default Rule
Check the “Enable Group based System Access Control” to edit the rules
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Users can add a new IP filtering rule by setting the properties at adding line by
Append or Insert. User can remove a rule by Remove or Delete.
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6.6.4 Certificate
Figure 6-28. Certificate Settings
The DKVM-IP8 uses the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) protocol for any encrypted
network traffic between itself and a connected client. During the connection
establishment the DKVM-IP8 has to expose its identity to a client using a cryptographic
certificate. The default certificate comes with DKVM-IP8 device upon delivery is for
testing purpose only. System administrator should not rely on this default certificate as
the secured global access mechanism through Internet.
However, it is possible to generate and install a new base64 X.509 certificate that is
unique for a particular DKVM-IP8. In order to do that, the DKVM-IP8 is able to generate
a new cryptographic key and the associated Certificate Signing Request (CSR) that
needs to be certified by a certification authority (CA). A certification authority verifies
that you are the person who you claim you are, and signs and issues a SSL certificate
to you.
The following steps are necessary to create and install a SSL certificate for the
DKVM-IP8:
• Create a SSL Certificate Signing Request using the panel shown in Figure 6-28. You
need to fill out a number of fields that are explained below. Once this is done, click on
the button “Create” which will initiate the Certificate Signing Request generation. The
CSR can be downloaded to your administration machine with the “Download CSR”
button (see Figure 6-29).
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• Send the saved CSR string to a CA for certification. You will get the new certificate
from the CA after a more or less complicated traditional authentication process
(depending on the CA).
• Upload the certificate to the DKVM-IP8 using the “Upload” button as shown in Figure
6-29.
Figure 6-29. SSL Certificate Upload
Figure 6-30. CSR string
After completing these three steps, the DKVM-IP8 has its own certificate that is used
for identifying the card to its clients.
Warning
If you destroy the CSR on the DKVM-IP8 there is no way to get it back! In case
you deleted it by mistake, you have to repeat the three steps as described
above.
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Common name
This is the network name of the DKVM-IP8 once it is installed in the user's network
(usually the fully qualified domain name). It is identical to the name that is used to
access the DKVM-IP8 with a web browser (without the “http://” prefix). In case the
name given here and the actual network name differ, the browser will pop up a
security warning when the DKVM-IP8 is accessed using HTTPS.
Organizational unit
This field is used for specifying to which department within an organization the
DKVM-IP8 belongs.
Organization
The name of the organization to which the DKVM-IP8 belongs.
Locality/City
The city where the organization is located.
State/Province
The state or province where the organization is located.
Country (ISO code)
The country where the organization is located. This is the two-letter ISO code, e.g.
DE for Germany, or US for the USA. (Note: the country code has to be entered in
CAPITAL LETTERS.)
Challenge Password
Some certification authorities require a challenge password to authorize later
changes on the certificate (e.g. revocation of the certificate). The minimal length of
this password is 4 characters.
Confirm Challenge Password
Confirmation of the Challenge Password
Email
The email address of a contact person that is responsible for the DKVM-IP8 and its
security.
Key length
This is the length of the generated key in bits. 1024 Bits are supposed to be
sufficient for most cases. Longer keys may result in slower response time of the
DKVM-IP8 during connection establishment.
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6.6.5 Authentication
Figure 6-31. Authentication
DKVM-IP8 support internal and external authentication.(Figure 6-31)
Local Authentication: internal ROM to store the username and passowrd.
LDAP: the external LDAP server authentication.
RADIUS: the external RADIUS authentication.
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6.6.6 Serial Port
Figure 6-32. Serial Port
The DKVM-IP8 Serial Settings (Figure 6-32) allows you to specify what device is
connected to the serial port and how to use it.
Configuration or console login
Do not use the serial port for any special function, use it only for the initial
configuration.
Modem
The DKVM-IP8 offers remote access using a telephone line in addition to the
standard access over the built-in Ethernet adapter. The modem needs to be
connected to the serial interface of the DKVM-IP8 .
Logically, connecting to the DKVM-IP8 using a telephone line means nothing else
than building up a dedicated point-to-point connection from your console computer
to the DKVM-IP8. In other words, the DKVM-IP8 acts as an Internet Service
Provider (ISP) to which you can dial in. The connection is established using the
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP). Before you connect to the DKVM-IP8, make sure to
configure your console computer accordingly. For instance, on Windows based
operating systems you can configure a dial-up network connection, which defaults
to the right settings like PPP.
The Modem Settings panel allows you to configure the remote access to the
DKVM-IP8 using a modem. The meaning of each parameter will be described
below. The modem settings are part of the serial settings panel.
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Serial line speed
The speed the DKVM-IP8 is communicating with the modem. Most of all
modems available today will support the default value of 115200 bps. In case
you are using an old modem and discovering problems try to lower this speed.
Modem Init String
The initialization string used by the DKVM-IP8 to initialize the modem. The
default value will work with all modern standard modems directly connected to
a telephone line. In case you have a special modem or the modem is
connected to a local telephone switch that requires a special dial sequence in
order to establish a connection to the public telephone network, you can
change this setting by giving a new string. Refer to the modem's manual about
the AT command syntax.
Modem server IP address
This IP address will be assigned to the DKVM-IP8 itself during the PPP
handshake. Since it is a point-to-point IP connection virtually every IP address
is possible but you must make sure, it is not interfering with the IP settings of
the DKVM-IP8 and your console computer. The default value will work in most
cases.
Modem client IP address
This IP address will be assigned to your console computer during the PPP
handshake. Since it is a point-to-point IP connection virtually every IP address
is possible but you must make sure, it is not interfering with the IP settings of
the DKVM-IP8 and your console computer. The default value will work in most
cases.
Passthrough access to serial port via Telnet
Using this option, it is possible to connect an arbitrary device to the serial port and
access it (assuming it provides terminal support) via Telnet. Select the appropriate
options for the serial port and use the Telnet Console, or a standard Telnet client to
connect to the DKVM-IP8.
IP-Power (Power Control Settings)
For controlling Serial Power Controller.
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6.6.7 Date / Time
Figure 6-33. Date / Time
This link refers to a page, where the internal real-time clock of the DKVM-IP8 can be
set up (see Figure 6-33). You have the possibility to adjust the clock manually, or to
use a NTP timeserver. Without a timeserver, your time setting will not be persistent, so
you have to adjust it again, after DKVM-IP8 loses power for more than a few minutes.
To avoid this, you can use a NTP timeserver, which sets up the internal clock
automatically to the current UTC time. Because NTP server time is always UTC, there
is a setting that allows you to set up a static offset to get your local time.
Warning
There is currently no way to adjust the daylight saving time automatically. So
you have to set up the UTC offset twice a year properly to the local rules of
your country.
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6.6.8 Event Log
Figure 6-34. Event Log
Important events like a login failure or a firmware update are logged to a selection of
logging destinations (see Figure 6-34). Each of those events belongs to an event
group, which can be activated separately.
The common way to log events is to use the internal log list of the DKVM-IP8. To show
the log list, click on “Event Log” on the “Maintenance” page. In the Event Log Settings
you can choose how many log entries are shown on each page. Furthermore, you can
clear the log file here.
List logging enabled
The common way to log events is to use the internal log list of the DKVM-IP8 . To
show the log list, click on “Event Log” on the “Maintenance” page.
Since the DKVM-IP8's system memory is used to save all the information, the
maximum number of possible log list entries is restricted to 1.000 events. Every
entry that exceeds this limit overrides the oldest one, automatically.
Warning
If the reset button on the HTML frontend is used to restart the DKVM-IP8,
all logging information is saved permanently and is available after the
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DKVM-IP8 has been started. If the DKVM-IP8 loses power or a hard reset
is performed, all logging data will be lost. To avoid this, use one of the
following log methods.
NFS Logging enabled
Define a NFS server, where a directory or a static link have to be exported, to write
all logging data to a file that is located there. To write logging data from more than
one DKVM-IP8 devices to only one NFS share, you have to define a file name that
is unique for each device. When you change the NFS settings and press the button
“Apply” , the NFS share will be mounted immediately. That means, the NFS share
and the NFS server must be filled with valid sources or you will get an error
message.
SMTP Logging enabled
With this option, the DKVM-IP8 is able to send Emails to an address given by the
Email address text field in the Event Log Settings. These mails contain the same
description strings as the internal log file and the mail subject is filled with the event
group of the occurred log event. In order to use this log destination you have to
specify a SMTP server, that has to be reachable from the DKVM-IP8 device and
that needs no authentication at all (<serverip>:<port>).
SNMP Logging enabled
If this is activated, the DKVM-IP8 sends a SNMP trap to a specified destination IP
address, every time a log event occurs. If the receiver requires a community string,
you can set it in the appropriate text field. Most of the event traps only contain one
descriptive string with all information about the log event. Only authentication and
host power events have an own trap class that consists of several fields with
detailed information about the occurred event. To receive this SNMP traps, any
SNMP trap listener may be used.
Here is a example of all gerenated event and its event group.
Device succesfully started
device
Board Reset performed by user...
device
Firmware upload failed.
device
No firmware file uploaded.
device
Uploaded firmware file discarded.
device
Firmware validation failed.
device
Firmware file uploaded by user...
device
Firmware updated by user...
device
Internal log file cleared by user...
device
Security Violation
security
Host Power
host
Host Reset
host
Connection to Remote Console failed: reason.
console (several)
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Connection to client ... established.
console
Connection to client ... closed.
console
Login failed.
auth
Login succeed.
auth
Warning
In contrast to the internal log file on the DKVM-IP8, the size of the NFS log file
is not limited. Every log event will be appended to the end of the file so it grows
continuously and you may have to delete it or move it away from time to time.
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6.7 Tools
6.7.1 Device Information
Figure 6-35. Device Information
Device Summary
This section contains a summary with various information about this DKVM-IP8 and it’s
current firmware and allows you to reset the card. You may have a look at Figure 6-35
for an example.
The Data file for support allows you to download the DKVM-IP8 data file with specific
support information. This is an XML file with certain customized support information
like the serial number etc. You may send us this information together with a support
request. It will help us to locate and solve your reported problem.
Figure 6-36. Connected Users
Figure 6-36 displays the DKVM-IP8 activity. From left to right the connected user(s), its
IP address (from which host the user comes from) and its activity status is displayed.
RC means that the Remote Console is open. If the Remote Console is opened in
exclusive mode the term (exclusive mode) is added. For more information about this
option see the Section called Remote Console Control Bar in Chapter 5.
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To display the user activity the last column contains either the term active for an active
user or 30 min idle for an user who is inactive for a certain amount of time.
6.7.2 Even log
Figure 6-37. Event Log List
Figure 6-37 displays the log list including the events that are logged by the DKVM-IP8.
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6.7.3 Update Firmware
Figure 6-38. Update Firmware
The DKVM-IP8 is a complete standalone computer. The software it runs is called
firmware. The firmware of the DKVM-IP8 can be updated remotely in order to install
new functionality or special features.
A new firmware update is a binary file which will be sent to you by email or which you
can download from the supplier web site. If the firmware file is compressed (file
suffix .zip) then you must unzip it before you can proceed. Under the Windows
operating system you may use WinZip from http://www.winzip.com/ for decompression.
Other operating systems might provide a program called unzip.
Before you can start updating the firmware of your DKVM-IP8 the new uncompressed
firmware file has to be accessible on the system that you use for connecting to the
DKVM-IP8.
Updating the firmware is a three-stage process:
• Firstly, the new firmware file is uploaded onto the DKVM-IP8. In order to do that you
need to select the file on your local system using the button “Browse” of the Upload
Firmware panel. Once the firmware file has been uploaded, it is checked whether it is
a valid firmware file and whether there were any transmission errors. In case of any
error the Upload Firmware function will be aborted.
• Secondly, if everything went well, you see the Update Firmware panel. The panel
shows you the version number of the currently running firmware and the version
number of the uploaded firmware. Pressing the button “Update” will store the new
version and substitute the old one completely.
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Warning
This process is not reversible and might take some minutes. Make sure the
DKVM-IP8's power supply will not be interrupted during the update process,
because this may cause an unusable card.
•
Thirdly, after the firmware has been stored, the panel will request you to reset the
DKVM-IP8 manually. Half a minute after the reset, the DKVM-IP8 will run with the
new firmware version and should be accessible. However, you are requested to login
once again.
Warning
The three-stage firmware update process and complete consistency check are
making a mistake in updating the firmware almost impossible. However, only
experienced staff members or administrators should perform a firmware
update. Make sure the DKVM-IP8's power supply will not be interrupted!
6.7.4 Unit Reset
Figure 6-39 Unit Reset
This section allows you to reset specific parts of the device. This involves the both
keyboard and mouse, the video engine and the DKVM-IP8 itself. Resetting the card
itself is mainly needed to activate a newly updated firmware. It will close all current
connections to the administration console and to the Remote Console.
The whole process will take about half a minute. Resetting sub devices (e.g. video
engine) will take some seconds only and does not result in closing connections. To
reset a certain DKVM-IP8 functionality click on the button Reset as displayed in Figure
6-39.
Note: Only the super user is allowed to reset the DKVM-IP8.
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7. Troubleshooting
The remote mouse doesn’t work or is not synchronous
Make sure the mouse settings in DKVM-IP8 match the mouse model. There are some
circumstances where the mouse synchronization process could behave incorrectly, refer to
Sections 5.4.1 & 6.5.22 for further explanation.
The video quality is bad or the picture is grainy
Try to correct the brightness and contrast settings (see Sections 5.4.1 & 6.5.3) until they
are out of a range where the picture looks grainy. Use the auto adjustment feature to
correct a flickering video.
Login on DKVM-IP8 fails.
Was the correct combination of user and password given? On delivery, the user ”super”
has the password ”pass”. Moreover your browser must be configured to accept cookies.
The Remote Console window can’t connect to DKVM-IP8.
Possibly a firewall prevents access to the Remote Console. Make sure the TCP port
numbers 443 or 80 are open for incoming TCP connection establishments.
No connection can be established to DKVM-IP8.
Check whether the network connection is working in general (ping the IP address of
DKVM-IP8). If not, check network hardware. Is DKVM-IP8 powered on? Check whether the
IP address of DKVM-IP8 and all other IP related settings are correct! Also verify that all the
IP infrastructure of your LAN, like routers etc., is correctly configured. Without a ping
functioning, DKVM-IP8 can’t work either.
Special key combinations, e.g. ALT+F2, ALT+F3 are intercepted by the console
system and not transmitted to the host.
You have to define a so-called ’Button Key’. This can be done in the Remote Console
settings.
In the browser the DKVM-IP8 pages are inconsistent or chaotic.
Make sure your browser cache settings are feasible. Especially make sure the cache
settings are not set to something like ”never check for newer pages”. Otherwise DKVM-IP8
pages may be loaded from your browser cache and not from the card.
Windows XP doesn’t awake from standby mode
This is possibly a Windows XP problem. Try not to move the mouse while XP goes in
standby mode.
Can’t upload the signed certificate in MacOS X
If an ’internal error’ occurs while uploading the signed certificate either change the
extension of the file to .txt or add a file helper using the Internet Explorer preferences for
this type of file. Make sure that the encoding is plain text and the checkbox ’use for
outgoing’ is checked. Another possibility is to use a Mozilla based browser.
Every time I open a dialog box with some buttons the mouse pointers are not
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synchronous anymore
Please check, if you have an option like ”Automatically move mouse pointer to the default
button of dialog boxes” enabled in the mouse settings of the operating system. This option
needs to be disabled.
8. FAQs
The color of remote console displaying a pinkish tint.
If you are experiencing the remote control screen displaying a pinkish tint with some
graphic cards, please try adjusting the brightness of the remote console by following steps
below.
(1) Click Video Settings in Options menu of the remote console.
(2) Adjust the Brightness setting until the pinkish tint is reduced or eliminated.
Does any software require on servers which connect to the DKVM-IP8?
No, the DKVM-IP8 is a 100% hardware solution. No extra software require on servers.
What operating systems does DKVM-IP8 support?
The DKVM-IP8 supports Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Server 2003, Unix, Unix-like OS (Sun
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Solaris, Linux Fedora Core 6 and above). Mac OSX
What browsers does DKVM-IP8 support?
The DKVM-IP8 support ( IE7.0 , IE8.0, Netscape7.0, Mozilla 3.2, Firefox 3.6) and above
Does the DKVM-IP8 work with other brand’s KVM switch?
Yes, the DKVM-IP8 can work with most standard KVM.
How many letters the username and password can be set on DKVM-IP8?
The DKVM-IP8 accepts 32 letters of username and password.
How many concurrent user of DKVM-IP8?
The DKVM-IP8 accepts 15 concurrent users.
How many bits of connection encrypted of DKVM-IP8?
The DKVM-IP8 provides AES 256 bits connection encrypted.
Local mouse and remote mouse didn’t sync after doing mouse Intelligent Sync.
Please don’t put window on left-up corner of remote console of DKVM-IP8. Intelligent Sync
has to re-calculate the coordinate of mouse from left-up corner on remote console.
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9. Addendum
A. Key Codes
Table A.1 shows the key codes used to defines keystrokes or hotkeys for several functions.
Please note that these key codes do not represent necessarily key characters that are used
on international keyboards. They name a key on a standard 104 key PC keyboard with an
US English language mapping. The layout for this keyboard is shown in Figure A.1.
However, most modifier keys and other alphanumeric keys used for hotkey purposes in
application programs are on an identical position, no matter what language mapping you
are using. Some of the keys have aliases also, means they can be named by 2 key codes
(separated by comma in the table).
Figure A.1: English (US) Keyboard Layout, used for key codes
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Key (and aliases)
0-9
SPACE
PAGE DOWN
A-Z
ALTGR
UP
, TILDE
ESCAPE, ESC
LEFT
-, MINUS
F1
DOWN
=, EQUALS
F2
RIGHT
;
F3
NUM LOCK
’
F4
NUMPAD0
<, LESS
F5
NUMPAD1
,
F6
NUMPAD2
.
F7
NUMPAD3
/, SLASH
F8
NUMPAD4
BACK SPACE
F9
NUMPAD5
TAB
F10
NUMPAD6
[
F11
NUMPAD7
]
F12
NUMPAD8
ENTER
PRINTSCREEN
NUMPAD9
CAPS LOCK
SCROLL LOCK
NUMPADPLUS,NUMPAD PLUS
\, BACK SLASH
BREAK
NUMPAD/
LSHIFT, SHIFT
INSERT
NUMPADMUL,NUMPAD MUL
RCTRL
HOME
NUMPADMINUS,NUMPAD MINUS
RSHIFT
PAGE UP
NUMPADENTER
LCTRL, CTRL
DELETE
WINDOWS
LALT, ALT
END
MENU
Table A.1: Key Names
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B. Video Modes
Table B.1 lists the video modes DKVM-IP8 supports. Please don’t use other custom video
settings besides of these. If done so, DKVM-IP8 may not be able to detect them.
Resolution (x, y)
Refresh Rates (Hz)
640 x 350
70, 85
640 x 400
56, 70, 85
640 x 480
60, 72, 75, 85, 90
720 x 400
70, 85
800 x 600
56, 60, 70, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100
832 x 624
75
1024 x 768
60, 70, 72, 75, 85, 90
1152 x 864
75
1152 x 870
75
1152 x 900
66
1280 x 960
60
1280 x 1024
60, 75
1600 x 1200
60
Table B.1 Video mode
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C. User Role Permissions
Table C.1 lists the user role permissions granted for three user role groups: “Superuser”,
“Administrator”, and “User”
User
Administrator
Superuser
x
-
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
User Management: Users
-
KVM Settings: User Console
x (w/o Misc. Settings)
KVM Settings:
-
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
-
-
x
x
Keyboard/ Mouse,
Keyboard/ Mouse,
Keyboard/ Mouse,
Video
Video
Video, Device
Remote Control: KVM
Remote Control: Remote
Power
Remote Control: Telnet
Console
Virtual Media
User Management: Change
Password
Keyboard/Mouse
KVM Settings: Video
Device Settings
Maintenance: Device
Information
Maintenance: Event Log
Maintenance: Update
Firmware
Maintenance: Unit Reset
Table C.1 User Role Permissions
D. DKVM-IP8 port table
Port
Protocol
Purpose
23
Telnet over TCP
Web & Telnet client
80
HTTP over TCP
Web
443
HTTPS over TCP
Web
443
RFB over TCP
Remote Console
443
HTTPS over TCP
Drive Redirection
139
SMB over TCP
CD-ROM Image (Samba Service)
139
SMB over TCP
Floppy disk(Samba Service)
1024
SMB over TCP
Samba Service source port
162
SNMP over TCP
SNMP trap reception port
1024
SNMP over TCP
SNMP source port
443
RFB over TCP
Remote Keyboard and Mouse data
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E. Bandwidth Consumption
The preconfigured network speed selection simply results in a different Compression and
Color Depth configuration in order to match the different bandwidth limitations of the
network type (UMTS, ISDN, etc. )
The following suggested network bandwidth planning table for DKVM-IP8 installation is
from the test results with 3D-Labyrinth screen saver at Resolution 800x600, the worst case
consuming the highest network bandwidth.
Compression
Video Optimized
Video Optimized
Color
Used
Comment
Depth
Bandwidth
8 bit
3.0 - 3.3 MB/s
uncompressed, synchronized video
data, most bandwidth needed
Video Optimized
Video Optimized
16 bit
4.3 - 5.0 MB/s
(high color)
uncompressed, synchronized video
data, most bandwidth needed
LAN (high color)
0 ( no compression )
16 bit
1.0 - 1.3 MB/s
uncompressed video data
LAN
0 ( no compression )
8 bit
500 - 700 kb/s
uncompressed video data
DSL
2
8 bit
110 - 140 kb/s
slower video because of compression
UMTS
4
8 bit
80 - 100 kb/s
slower video because of compression
ISDN 128k
6
4 bit
20 - 30 kb/s
16 colors
ISDN/Modem
7
2 bit
13 - 17 kb/s
gray scale
GPRS/HSCSD
8
2 bit
5
-
7 kb/s
gray scale
GSM Modem
9 (best compression) 1 bit
1
-
3 kb/s
black&white video
V.90
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F. Cable diagrams
CAT5/5E/6 Straight Through UTP/STP Cable
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