BK Precision | 4003 | Instruction manual | BK Precision 4003 Instruction manual

Instruction Manual
Model 4001A and 4003A Sweep Function Generator
Contents
Section
Description
Page No.
CONTENTS
1
1
TEST INSTRUMENT SAFETY
2
2
INTRODUCTION
3
3
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
4
4
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
7
5
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
10
5.1
Function Generator Output
10
5.2
Sweep Generator Output
10
5.3
Frequency Counter
11
5.4
Voltage Controlled Frequency Operation
11
5.5
Function Generator Applications Guidebook
11
6
MAINTENANCE
6.1
Preventive Maintenance
11
6.2
Service Information
12
6.3
Fuse Replacement
12
6.3
Instrument Repair Service
12
7
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
13
8
WARRANTY INFORMATION
14
9
SERVICE INFORMATION
15
1
Section 1 - Test
Instrument Safety
WARNING - Normal use of test equipment exposes you to a certain amount of danger
from electrical shock because testing must sometimes be performed where exposed voltage is present. An electrical shock causing 10 milliamps of current to pass through the
heart will stop most human heartbeats. A Voltage as low as 35 volts dc or ac (rms.) should
be considered dangerous and hazardous since it can produce a lethal current under certain conditions. Higher voltages pose an even greater threat because such voltage can
more easily produce a lethal current. Your normal work habits should include all accepted
practices to prevent contact with exposed high voltage and to steer current away from
your heart in case of accidental contact with high voltage. You will significantly reduce the
risk factor if you know and observe the following safety precaution.
1. Don’t expose high voltage needlessly. Remove housings and covers only when necessary. Turn
off equipment while making test connections in high voltage circuits. Discharge high voltage
capacitors after removing power.
2. If possible, familiarize yourself with the equipment being tested and the location of its high voltage points. However, remember that high voltage may appear at unexpected points in defective
equipment.
3. Use an insulated floor material or a large, insulated floor to stand on and an insulated work
surface on which to place equipment and make certain such surfaces are not damp or wet.
4. Use the time proven “one hand in the pocket” technique while handling an instrument probe. Be
particularly careful to avoid contacting a nearby metal object that could provide a good ground
return path.
5. When testing ac powered equipment, remember that ac line voltage is usually present on some
power input circuits such as the on-off switch, fuses, power transformer etc. any time the equipment is connected to an ac outlet, even if the equipment is turned off.
6. Some equipment with a two-wire ac power cord, including some with polarized power plugs, is
the “hot chassis” type. This includes most recent television receivers and audio equipment. A
plastic wooden cabinet insulates the chassis to protect the customer. When the cabinet is removed for servicing, a serious shock hazard exists if the chassis is touched. Not only does this
present a dangerous shock hazard, but damage to test equipment. Always connect an isolation
transformer between the ac outlet and the equipment under test. The B&K Precision Model TR110 or 1604A Isolation Transformer or Model 1653A or 1655A AC Power Supply is suitable for
most applications. To be on the safe side, treat all two-wire ac equipment as “hot chassis” unless
you are sure it is isolated chassis or an earth ground chassis.
7. On test instruments or any equipment with a 3-wire ac power plug, use only a 3-wire outlet. This
is a safety feature to keep the housing or other exposed elements at earth ground.
8. B&K Precision products are not authorized for use in any application involving direct contact
between our product and the human body or for use as a critical component in a life support
device or system. Here “direct contact” refers to any connection from or to our equipment via any
cabling or switching means. A “critical component” is any component of a life support device or
system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause failure of that device or
system or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
Never work all alone. Someone should be nearby to render aid if necessary. Training in CPR
(cardio-pulmonary resuscitation) first aid is highly recommended.
2
Section 2
Introduction
Models 4001A and 4003A are 4MHz Sweep Function/ Sweep Generator with the added
feature of 60MHz digital counter on model 4003A. The function generator generates sinusoidal, triangular, ramp, square and pulse waveforms. The type of function is selectable
through a rotary switch.
The frequency is settable from 0.5Hz to 4MHz with the use of the range selector switch
and the Frequency Control Knob for variable adjustments with multiplication factor of 0.04
to 4.0 of the selected frequency range.
The Signal amplitude can be adjusted from 0.1 V to 20Vp-p with no load conditions and
0.1V to 10Vpp with a 50 ohm load termination.
The Main Output has the provision of SYNC Output signal (TTL level) when selected.
The sweep generator offers linear or log sweep with variable sweep rate and adjustable
sweep width.
(Model 4003A only)
Auto ranging, 5-digit frequency counter is provided with range from 0.2Hz to 60MHz and
resolution of 0.001Hz. The counter is utilized for external as well the internal functions.
(Model 4003A only)
In addition to above features, an external voltage signal can be used to control the
frequency of the function. With AC input signal, FM Output can be generated.
3
Section 3
Technical Specifications
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
FREQUENCY CHARACTERISTICS
Waveforms
:
Sine, Square, Triangle, Ramp, ±Pulse.
Range
:
0.5Hz to 4MHz in 6 ranges
Tuning Range
:
Variable Multiplication factor of 0.04 to 4.0 of selected
range.
Resolution
:
0.001Hz (model 4003A only).
Operating Modes
:
Normal, Sweep, VCF.
Frequency Stability
:
Output will change less than 0.1% for 15 minutes after
switching ON and it will change less than 0.2% for 24
Hours after switching ON.
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Impedance
:
50Ω ±2%.
Level
:
Variable control
From
0.1Vp-p (No Load).
0.05Vp-p (50Ω Load).
To
20Vp-p (No Load) ±1Vp-p.
10Vp-p (50 Ω Load) ±0.5Vp-p.
Attenuation
:
-20dB ±2%.
DC Offset
:
Variable : ±10V open circuit,
±5V into 50 Ω.
Distortion
:
Less than 2% (1Hz - 100kHz).
Harmonic Ratio
:
<30dB, 100kHz to 4MHz.
Frequency Response
:
<0.1dB, upto 100kHz.
<1dB, 100kHz to 4MHz.
:
50% (Positive Half) to 50%
(Negative Half).
<2%, 1Hz to 100kHz.
SINE WAVE
TRIANGULAR WAVE
Symmetry
3.5
RAMP WAVE
Frequency Range
:
0.5Hz to 3.5MHz.
Symmetry
:
80% (Rise Wave) to 20% (Fall Wave)
<5%, 1Hz to 100kHz.
Rising Wave linearity
:
<2%, 1Hz to 100kHz.
4
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
SQUARE WAVE
Symmetry
:
50% (Positive Half) to
50% (Negative Half).
<2%, 1Hz to 100kHz.
Rise Time
:
<90nS, (20Vp-p, No Load).
Frequency Range
:
0.5Hz to 3.5MHz.
Symmetry
:
Rise Time
:
20% to 80%,
<5%, 1Hz to 100kHz.
<90nS, (20Vp-p, No Load).
NEGATIVE PULSE
Frequency Range
Pulse Width
Symmetry
Rise Time
:
:
:
:
0.5Hz to 3.5MHz.
15% of time period of the Set Frequency.
80% to 20%, <5%, 1Hz to 100kHz.
<90nS, (20Vp-p, No Load).
POSITIVE PULSE
SYNCHRONOUS OUTPUT
Impedance
: 50Ω ±2%.
Level (TTL)
: Approx. 3Vp-p fix amplitude.
Level (CMOS)
: Adjustable 5V to 14.5Vp-p (+/- 0.5Vp-p).
Rise Time (TTL)
: <60nS.
Rise Time (CMOS)
: <90nS.
3.10 VCF INPUT (model 4003A only).
Input Level
: 0 to 10V.
Input Frequency
: DC to 1kHz.
3.11 SWEEP OPERATION
Operating Mode
:
Sweep Rate
:
Width
:
Linear/ LOG.
5 sec to 25ms.
1:1 to 1:100.
3.12 SWEEP SYNCHRONOUS OUTPUT
Output waveform
: Linear/ LOG ramp wave.
Amplitude
: 10Vp-p (No Load) +/- 0.8Vp-p.
5
3.13 FREQUENCY COUNTER (model 4003A only).
Display
: 5 digit, Auto range.
Display Unit
: Hz/ kHz auto range.
Resolution
: 0.01Hz (max.).
Accuracy
: <0.02% ±1 digit.
Temp coefficient
: <10PPM / ºC.
3.14 EXTERNAL COUNTER (model 4003A only).
Max. Input Voltage
: <150mV rms.
Input Frequency
: 0.1Hz to 60MHz.
Coupling
: HF - for more than 100 kHz.
LF - With 100 kHz filter for less than 100 kHz.
Sensitivity
: <30mV rms (1MHz).
3.15 POWER SOURCE
:
115V AC ±10 %, 50/60Hz, fuse 600mA or
230V AC ±10 %, 50/60Hz, fuse 300mA.
3.16 OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
Temperature
: 0 to 40ºC.
Humidity
: 10% to 80%
3.17 STORAGE
Temperature
Humidity
:
:
- 20ºC to 70ºC.
0% to 90%.
3.18 DIMENSIONS
:
WxHxD 11 x 3.6 x 11.9” (275 x 90 x 300 mm.)
3.19 WEIGHT
:
5.5 lbs. (2.5 Kg.)
3.20 ACCESSORY
:
Power Cord, User’s Manual.
Specifications and information contained in this manual are subject to
change without notice.
Please visit www.bkprecision.com for the most current product information.
6
Section 4
Controls & Indicators
4.1
FRONT PANEL (Refer Fig. 1A & 1B)
1. POWER SWITCH
Push the switch “ON” will light the LED of the digits (14) to indicate
power “ON”.
2. FREQUENCY CONTROL KNOB
Used to adjust the required frequency for selected range with the multiplication factor of 0.04 to 4.0.
3. SYNC OUTPUT
The TTL level square signal Output synchronous with frequency of Main
Output.
4. SWEEP OUTPUT
Sweep signal is available regardless of position of SWEEP ON switch
provided with Sweep Rate Knob.
5. MAIN OUTPUT
Function Output signal provides normal mode or sweep mode output
depending on mode selected. The maximum Output impedance is 50Ω.
6. AMPLITUDE KNOB
The amplitude of signal can be adjusted from 0.1Vp-p to 20Vp-p at No
Load. Pull the Knob to attenuate the signal 10 times.
7. DC OFFSET
This Knob can apply a DC Offset to Main Signal. Turn the Knob
clockwise for Positive Offset and anti-clockwise for Negative Offset.
8. SWEEP RATE
This Knob is used to adjust the sweep rate from 5 seconds to 25 milliseconds. Also if this Knob is pulled, then Sweep mode operation will be
ON.
9. SWEEP WIDTH
This Knob is used to adjust the Sweep Width. When the knob is in
“Push” condition, a Linear Sweep Output will be available and When
Knob is in “Pull” condition, then LOG Sweep Output will be available.
7
Fig. 1A Front Panel Controls (4001A)
Fig. 1B Front Panel Controls (4003A)
8
10. FUNCTION SELECTOR SWITCH
A rotary Switch for waveform selection.
11. FREQUENCY RANGE SELECTOR SWITCH
A rotary Switch to select the range from 10Hz to 1MHz in 6 steps.
(Refer Fig. 1B)
12. Hz LED
Green LED will light when the Main Output frequency is in Hz.
13. kHz LED
Red LED will light when the Main Output frequency is in kHz.
14. 5 DIGIT DISPLAY
Indicates frequency of Main Output or the frequency of signal connected
to External Input.
15. EXT COUNTER LED
LED becomes ON when External frequency counting is selected by
Coupling Switch.
16. COUPLING SWITCH
It is three way switch to select Internal / External High Frequency / External Low Frequency mode.
17. CMOS ADJUST KNOB
For adjusting the CMOS level of SYNC Output while in CMOS mode.
Pull the Knob for CMOS ON.
18. EXTERNAL INPUT BNC
Connector for counting external signal frequency.
19. VCF INPUT BNC
For connecting external DC or AC signal from 0 to 10V to achieve voltage controlled frequency output.
4.2
REAR PANEL DESCRIPTION
On the rear side of instrument Main’s Input socket is provided. The socket
has fuse plug, which is used for fuse replacement and input line voltage
selection. The selection of Input line voltage (110/230V AC) depends on
how we insert the fuse plug. Refer to Arrow marks on fuse plug and the
mark on the panel.
For cooling purpose 40mm Fan is provided on rear panel.
9
Section 5
Operating Instructions
Before applying power to unit, make sure that input voltage setting is correct and
the ventilation holes are not blocked. Ensure that Ventilation Fan is working well.
It is necessary to inspect the generated signal with an oscilloscope before connecting it to any electronic circuit. Hence use of oscilloscope is mentioned in the
procedure.
Turn On the instrument with Power ON switch provided on the front panel. The
display shows the reading as per present settings.
5.1
FUNCTION GENERATOR OUTPUT
1. Select the type of waveform required by rotary switch of FUNCTION.
2. Select the Range of frequency by rotary switch of RANGE.
3. Connect Main Output signal to Channel 1 of oscilloscope and Sync Output signal to Channel 2 of oscilloscope. Set the trigger source of oscilloscope at Channel 2.
4. Set the frequency of the signal by adjustment knob. The display shows
the frequency reading of signal.
5. Adjust the amplitude of the signal Amplitude knob. Pull the knob if the
signal is to be attenuated 10 times.
6. Set the DC Offset of signal by OFFSET knob to required level (-10V to
+10V).
7. Check the impedance of the load before connecting (50W max.).
5.2
SWEEP GENERATOR OUTPUT
1. Connect Main Output to Channel 1 of oscilloscope and SWEEP Output
to Channel 2.
2. Channel 2 displays linear saw-tooth waveform. SWEEP Output is available regardless of “SWEEP ON” switch. If WIDTH knob is pulled then
LOG sweep will be available.
3. Adjust the Sweep Rate with Rate Knob. (Adjustable from 5S to 10ms).
4. Adjust the starting frequency as explained in Function generation.
5. PULL the Rate Switch to make SWEEP mode ON.
6. Channel 1 will display Sweep wave.
5. Adjust the sweep width with WIDTH knob. (1:1 to 1:100).
10
5.3
FREQUENCY COUNTER
1. Check the COUPLING switch position. The HF position is used for frequencies more than 100kHz. And LF position is used for the frequencies less than 100kHz.
2. The EXT COUNTER LED will be ON for when COUPLING switch is
selected for counting mode.
3. Connect the signal to EXT COUNTER BNC.
4. Display will show the frequency and Hz / kHz LED’s will light depending
on the frequency.
5.4
VOLTAGE CONTROLLED FREQUENCY OPERATION
The Model 4003A can be operated as a voltage controlled generator by
using an external control voltage applied to the VCF input.
1. Select the desired frequency range and waveform.
2. Set the starting frequency with the variable control. Apply a positive
DC voltage to the VCF input to decrease the frequency. A voltage
from 0 to +10V will cause the frequency to decrease by a factor of
100. For example, if the starting frequency is 100kHz, applying +10V
will change the output frequency to 1kHz.
5.5
FUNCTION GENERATOR APPLICATIONS GUIDEBOOK
B&K Precision offers a “Guidebook to Function Generators” which describes
numerous applications for this instrument, including hook-up details. It also
includes a glossary of function generator terminology and an explanation of
function generator circuit operation. It may be obtained free of charge from
the download section of the B&K Precision website www.bkprecision.com
Section 6
Maintenance
6.1
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Please follow the following preventive steps to ensure the proper operation
of your instrument.
! Never place heavy objects on the instrument.
! Never place a hot soldering iron on or near the instrument.
! Never insert wires, pins or other metal object into ventilation fan.
! Never move or pull the instrument with power cord or output lead. Especially never move instrument when power cord or output lead is connected.
11
! Do not obstruct the ventilation holes in the rear panel. As this will increase the internal temperature.
! Do not operate the instrument with the cover removed unless you are a
qualified service technician.
! Clean and check the calibration of the instrument on a regular basis to
keep the instrument looking nice and working well.
! Remove any dirt, dust and grime whenever they become noticeable on
the Outside cover with a soft cloth moistened with a mild cleaning solution.
6.2
SERVICE INFORMATION
Some of the common problems that may occur and the remedy to put back
the instrument in a working condition as fast as possible are given below.
When the unit is not turning on.
Check if the power ON/OFF switch is turned ON. If not, then check the
power cord. Please make sure that the power cord is properly connected to
the unit. Please also check the main switch. And ensure that the AC supply
at your site is the same as the one mentioned at the rear chassis of the unit.
For further help call the service personnel.
6.3
FUSE REPLACEMENT
If the fuse blows, the LED will not light and the instrument will not operate.
Replace only with the correct value fuse. The fuse is located on the rear
panel adjacent to the power cord receptacle.
1. Remove the fuse holder assembly as follows:
2. Unplug the power cord from rear of the instrument.
3. Insert a small screwdriver in fuse holder slot (located between fuse holder
and receptacle).
When reinstalling fuse holder, be sure that the fuse is installed so that the
correct line voltage is selected.
6.4
INSTRUMENT REPAIR SERVICE
Because of the specialized skills and test equipment required for
instrument repair and calibration, many customers prefer to rely upon B&K
PRECISION for this service. We maintain a network of B&K PRECISION
authorized service agencies for this purpose. To use this service, even if the
instrument is no longer under warranty, follow the instructions given in the
WARRANTY SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS portion of this manual. There is a
nominal charge for instruments out of warranty.
12
Section 7
Customer Support
B&K Precision offers courteous, professional technical support before and after
the sale of their test instruments. The following services are typical of those available from our toll-free telephone number.
1-800-462-9832
!
Technical advice on the use of your instrument.
!
Technical advice on special applications of your instrument.
!
Technical advice on selecting the test instrument for a given task.
!
Information on optional accessories for your instrument.
!
Information on instrument repair and re-calibration services.
!
Replacement parts ordering.
!
Availability on service publications.
!
Information on other B&K Precision instruments.
!
Information on other B&K Precision Catalog.
The name of your nearest B&K Precision Distributor.
Call toll free 800-462-9832
Monday through Thursday 8:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.
Friday 8:00 A.M. to 12:00 P.M.
Pacific Standard Time
(Pacific Daylight Time Summer)
13
Limited One-Year Warranty
B&K Precision Corp. warrants to the original purchaser that its product and the
component parts thereof, will be free from defects in workmanship and materials
for a period of one year from the data of purchase.
B&K Precision Corp. will, without charge, repair or replace, at its’ option, defective product or component parts. Returned product must be accompanied by
proof of the purchase date in the form a sales receipt.
To obtain warranty coverage in the U.S.A., this product must be registered by
completing and mailing the enclosed warranty card to B&K Precision Corp.,
22820 Savi Ranch Parkway, Yorba Linda, CA 92887 within fifteen (15) days from
proof of purchase.
Exclusions: This warranty does not apply in the event of misuse or abuse
of the product or as a result of unauthorized alternations or repairs. It is
void if the serial number is alternated, defaced or removed.
B&K Precision Corp. shall not be liable for any consequential damages, including without limitation damages resulting from loss of use. Some states do not
allow limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation
or exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific rights and you may have other rights, which
vary from state-to-state.
Model Number: __________
Date Purchased: _____________
22820 Savi Ranch Parkway
Yorba Linda, CA 92887
www.bkprecision.com
14
Service Information
Warranty Service: Please return the product in the original packaging with
proof of purchase to the below address. Clearly state in writing the performance
problem and return any leads, connectors and accessories that you are using
with the device.
Non-Warranty Service: Return the product in the original packaging to the
below address. Clearly state in writing the performance problem and return any
leads, connectors and accessories that you are using with the device. Customers not on open account must include payment in the form of a money order or
credit card. For the most current repair charges contact the factory before
shipping the product.
Return all merchandise to B&K Precision Corp. with pre-paid shipping. The flatrate repair charge includes return shipping to locations in North America. For
overnight shipments and non-North America shipping fees contact B&K Precision Corp..
B&K Precision Corp.
22820 Savi Ranch Parkway
Yorba Linda, CA 92887
Email: service@bkprecision.com
Include with the instrument your complete return shipping address, contact name, phone
number and description of problem.
15
This page left blank intrensionaly. Use for notes
PN: 481-525-9-001
Printed in Taiwan
2004 B&K Precision Corp.
22820 Savi Ranch Parkway
Yorba Linda, CA 92887
USA
TEL: 714-921-9095
FAX: 714-921-6422
www.bkprecision.com
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