Victron energy 48|350 Datasheet
Manual
EN
Handleiding
NL
Manuale
FR
DE
Manual
ES
Appendix
Phoenix Inverter
12 | 180
12 | 350
24 | 180
24 | 350
48 | 180
48 | 350
Copyrights  2008 Victron Energy B.V.
All Rights Reserved
This publication or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form, by any method,
for any purpose.
For conditions of use and permission to use this manual for publication in other than
the English language, contact Victron Energy B.V.
VICTRON ENERGY B.V. MAKES NO WARRANTY, EITHER EXPESSED OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING
THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AND MAKES SUCH VICTRON ENERGY
PRODUCTS AVAILABLE SOLELY ON AN “AS IS” BASIS.
IN NO EVENT SHALL VICTRON ENERGY B.V. BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR
SPECIAL, COLLATERAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN
CONNECTION WITH OR ARISING OUT OF PURCHASE OR USE OF THESE
VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS. THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY TO
VICTRON ENERGY B.V., REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF ACTION, SHALL NOT
EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS
DESCRIBED HERE IN.
Victron Energy B.V. reserves the right to revise and improve its products as it sees fit.
This publication describes the state of this product at the time of its publication and
may not reflect the product at all times in the future.
EN
Introduction
FR
Our proven philosophy has resulted in a full range of state-of-the-art equipment for the
supply of electrical power. All our equipment meets the most stringent requirements.
NL
Victron Energy has established an international reputation as a leading designer and
manufacturer of energy systems. Our R&D department is the driving force behind this
reputation. It is continually seeking new ways of incorporating the latest technology in
our products. Each step forward results in value-added technical and economical
features.
DE
Victron Energy energy systems provide you with high quality AC supplies at places
where there are no permanent sources of mains power.
ES
An automatic stand-alone power system can be created with a configuration
comprising of a Victron Energy inverter, battery charger and last but not least,
batteries with sufficient capacity.
Victron Energy has the ideal power source for all kinds of electrical appliances used
for household, technical and industrial purposes, including instruments susceptible to
interference. All of these applications require a high quality power supply in order to
function properly.
Victron Energy Phoenix sine wave inverter
This manual contains instructions for installing the Ph 12/180, Ph 24/180, Ph48/180,
Ph 12/350, Ph 24/350 and Ph 48/350 sine wave inverters. It describes the
functionality and operation of the Phoenix inverter, including its protective devices and
other technical features.
Note: where the abbreviation ‘Ph’ is used please read ‘Phoenix’ instead.
1
Appendix
Our equipment is suitable for countless situations in the field, on ships or other places
where a mobile 230 or 115 VoltAC power supply is indispensable.
1. Installation
1.1 Location of the inverter
1
2.
3
4
5
Ceiling mounting (inverted).
Base mounting.
Vertical wall mounting, fan at
bottom.
Vertical wall mounting, fan on
top.
Horizontal wall mounting.
Not recommended
OK
OK (beware of small objects falling through
the ventilation openings on top).
Not recommended
OK
For best operating results, the inverter should be placed on a flat surface. To ensure a
trouble free operation of the inverter, it must be used in locations that meet the
following requirements:
a)
b)
c)
Avoid any contact with water. Do not expose the inverter to rain or moisture.
Do not place the unit in direct sunlight. Ambient air temperature should be
between -20 °C and 40 °C (humidity < 95% non condensing). Note that in
extreme situations the inverter’s case temperature can exceed 70 °C.
Do not obstruct the airflow around the inverter. Leave at least 10
centimetres clearance around the inverter. When the inverter is running too
hot, it will shut down. When the inverter has reached a safe temperature
level the unit will automatically restart again.
1.2 Battery requirements
For correct operation, the battery voltage should be between 0.88xVnom and
1.25xVnom where Vnom is 12V or 24V depending on the model, and must be able to
supply sufficient current to your inverter. The following table displays the
recommended battery capacity per inverter type :
2
Inverter type :
Iin at Pnom :
Ph 12/180
Ph 24/180
15 Adc
7,5 Adc
Recommended battery
capacity:
≥ 60Ah
≥ 30Ah
Ph 12/350
Ph 24/350
30 Adc
15 Adc
≥ 100Ah
≥ 60Ah
EN
The inverter shuts down when the battery voltage is below 0.88xVnom or above
1.3xVnom.
Shut down and restart voltages: see technical data.
NL
1.3 Connection to the battery
FR
The inverters are equipped with two wires with a length of 1.5 meters. If it is
unavoidable to extend these wires, use a wire gauge of at least 1.5 times larger than
the ones supplied with the inverter. Maximum recommended battery wire length is
approx. 3 meters.
DE
Appendix
CAUTION
ES
1.3.1 General precautions when working with batteries
1. Working in vicinity of a lead acid battery is dangerous. Batteries can
generate explosive gases during operation. Never smoke or allow a spark
or flame in the vicinity of a battery. Provide sufficient ventilation around the
battery.
2. Wear eye and clothing protection. Avoid touching eyes while working near
batteries. Wash your hands when done.
3. If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and
water. If acid enters eye, immediately flood eye with running cold water for
at least 15 minutes and get medical attention immediately.
4. Be careful when using metal tools in vicinity of batteries. Dropping a metal
tool onto a battery might cause a short-circuit battery and, possibly an
explosion.
5. Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and
watches when working with a battery. A battery can produce a short-circuit
current high enough to melt a ring or the like to metal, causing severe
burns.
The red wire must be connected to the positive
(+) terminal and the black wire to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery.
Reverse polarity connection of the battery wires can
damage the inverter!
Damage caused by reversed polarity is not covered
by the warranty. Make sure the power switch is in the
OFF ‘0’ position before connecting the battery.
1.4 Connecting the load
Before you connect your appliance(s) to the inverter, always check it’s maximum
power consumption. Do not connect appliances to the inverter needing more than the
nominal power rating of the inverter continuously. Some appliances like motors or
pumps, draw large inrush currents in a start-up situation. In such circumstances, it is
possible that the start-up current exceeds the over current trip level of the inverter. In
this case the output voltage will quickly decrease to limit the output current of the
inverter. If the over current trip level is continuously exceeded, the inverter will shut
down and restart within 18 seconds. In this case it is advisable to disconnect the
appliance from the inverter, since it requires too much power to be driven by this
3
inverter. Note that at higher ambient temperature levels, the overload capacity of the
inverter is reduced.
WARNING
WHEN CONNECTING MORE THAN ONE
APPLIANCE TO THE INVERTER, IN
COMBINATION WITH A COMPUTER, NOTE
THAT IF ONE OF THE APPLIANCES DRAWS A
HIGH START CURRENT, IT CAN CAUSE YOUR
COMPUTER TO REBOOT DUE TO A SUDDEN
VOLTAGE DROP.
Never connect the inverter’s output to the AC
distribution grid, SUCH AS your household AC
wall outlet. IT WILL DAMAGE THE INVERTER.
CAUTION
1.5 Turning the inverter on
When all the above requirements are checked and satisfied and all connections are
made, it’s time to turn on your Phoenix inverter by pushing the power switch to the '
On ' position.
WARNING
WARNING
4
IF THE INVERTER SWITCHES TO AN ‘ERROR
MODE’ (SEE CHAPTER 2.1) DUE TO AN
OVERLOAD OR SHORT CIRCUIT, THE INVERTER
WILL AUTOMATICALLY RESTART AFTER ABOUT
18 SECONDS.
In case of an over-temperature error, the inverter will
automatically restart after it has reached an
acceptable temperature
NEVER TOUCH THE AC CONNECTIONS WHEN
THE INVERTER IS STILL RUNNING IN AN ERROR
MODE!
The builT in large electrolytic capacitors can hold
significant DC voltage when the batteries are
disconnected.
To avoid sparks or short inverter operation, it is
advisable to switch on the inverter for 10 seconds
after battery disconnection, before you transport the
inverter.
EN
2. Troubleshooting
2.1 The flash sequence table
NL
Status
OK
Over voltage
Under voltage
Over temperature
Overload
ES

−−−−−−−−
   
−− −− −−

DE
LED
Solid green
Red, blinking fast
Red, blinking slow
Red, intermittent blinking
Solid red
FR
Your Phoenix inverter is equipped with a self-diagnosis system, to inform you about
the cause of inverter shut down.
In the table below you can find out what kind of flashing sequence belongs to which
error.
Appendix
2.2 Troubleshooting guidelines
PROBLEM : Inverter is not working (LED OFF)
Possible cause :
Remedy :
Power switch in OFF position.
Push the power switch to the ON
position.
Poor contact between the inverter’s
Clean battery terminals or inverter wire
battery wires and the battery terminals. contacts. Tighten battery terminal
screws.
Blown inverter fuse.
The inverter has to be returned for
service.
Very poor battery condition.
Replace battery.
PROBLEM : ‘Battery voltage too low or too high’ error keeps on appearing
Possible cause :
Remedy :
Poor battery condition.
Poor connection or inadequate wiring
between battery and inverter,
resulting in too much voltage drop.
Replace battery or charge it first.
When extending the battery wires of the
inverter make sure you use the correct
wire gauge (≥ 1.5 times larger than the
fixed battery wires). It’s not advisable to
extend the battery wires to more than 3
meters.
Check your electrical system or consult
an electrical engineer to check it for
you.
General failure in your electrical
system (in case of no direct battery
connection).
5
PROBLEM : ‘Overloaded or shorted output’ error keeps on appearing
Possible cause :
Remedy :
Inverter is overloaded.
Make sure that the total power rating of
the connected equipment is lower than
the nominal inverter power rating.
Reduce the required power
consumption of the load. Please note
that, for example, a computer load
features a bad power factor, which
causes a reduction of the maximum
output power of the inverter by approx.
20%.
Make sure that the connected
equipment is not broken or
malfunctioning. Check if the AC power
cord between the inverter and the
connected equipment is OK. Any
physical damage on the power cord can
produce a short circuit. Be careful!.
Connected equipment features a bad
power factor
Connected equipment causes a short
circuit at the inverter’s output.
PROBLEM : ‘Inverter temperature too high. Cooling down’ error keeps on
appearing
Possible cause :
Airflow around the inverter is
obstructed.
Too high ambient temperature.
Remedy :
Make sure there is at least 10
centimetres of clearance around the
inverter. Remove any items placed on
or over the inverter. Keep the inverter
away from direct sunlight or heat
producing equipment.
Move the inverter to a cooler place or
provide additional cooling by an
external fan.
Note: Don’t turn-off the inverter when it’s operating in an ‘Inverter temperature too
high. Cooling down’ error. The inverter needs this error time to cool down.
If none of the above remedies helps to solve the problem you encounter, contact your
local Victron Energy distributor for further help and/or possible repair of your inverter.
Do not open the inverter yourself, there are dangerous high voltages present inside.
Opening the inverter will directly void your 12 months warranty period.
6
12 Volt
24 Volt
48 Volt
Standard AC outlets
Other outlets (at request)
Protection category
Weight (kg / lbs)
Dimensions (hxwxd in mm)
(hxwxd in inches)
ACCESSORIES
Remote control panel
Remote on-off switch
Automatic transfer switch
STANDARDS
Safety
Emission / Immunity
Appendix
Protection (2)
Operating temperature range
Humidity (non condensing)
ENCLOSURE
Material & Colour
Battery-connection
ES
Zero-load power in Power Saving mode
180
350
175 / 150
300 / 250
350
700
110VAC +/- 5% or 230VAC +/- 3%
50Hz or 60Hz +/- 0,1%
10,5 - 15,0 / 21,0 - 30,0 / 42,0 - 60,0
11,0 / 22 / 44
10,5 / 21 / 42
12,5 / 25 / 50
87 / 88 / 89
89 / 89/ 90
2,6 / 3,8 / 4,0
3,1 / 5,0 / 6,0
n. a.
n. a.
a-e
-20 to +50°C (fan assisted cooling)
max 95%
DE
Input voltage range (V DC)
Low battery alarm (V DC)
Low battery shut down (V DC)
Low battery auto recovery (V DC)
Max. efficiency 12 / 24 / 48 V (%)
Zero-load power 12 / 24 / 48 V (W)
12/350
24/350
48/350
FR
Cont. AC power at 25 °C (VA) (3)
Cont. power at 25 °C / 40 °C (W)
Peak power (W)
12/180
24/180
48/180
NL
EN
3. Technical data
aluminium (blue Ral 5012)
1)
1)
IEC-320 (IEC-320 plug included), Schuko,
or Nema 5-15R
United Kingdom, Australia/New Zealand
IP 20
2,7 / 5,4
3,5 / 7,7
72x132x200
72x155x237
2.8x5.2x7.9
2.8x6.1x9.3
n. a.
Two pole connector
Filax
n. a.
3. Description of the Digital Multi Control panel
1. Battery cables of 1.5 meter (12/180 with cigarette plug)
2. Protection
a. Output short circuit
b. Overload
c. Battery voltage too high
d. Battery voltage too low
e. Temperature too high
3. Non linear load, crest factor 3:1
7
EN
Inleiding
1
Appendix
ES
DE
FR
NL
1
2
3
Plafond montage
Vloer montage
Verticale muur montage,
ventilator onder
4
Verticale muur montage,
ventilator boven
Horizontale muur montage
5
2
a)
b)
c)
EN
1.2 Accu eisen
15 Adc
7,5 Adc
Ph 12/350
Ph 24/350
30 Adc
15 Adc
≥ 100Ah
≥ 60Ah
ES
Ph 12/180
Ph 24/180
Geadviseerde
accu capaciteit:
≥ 60Ah
≥ 30Ah
DE
Iin bij Pnom :
FR
Omvormer model:
NL
Appendix
3.
4.
5.
3
4
EN
FR
NL
DE
ES
Appendix
5

−−−−−−−−
   
−− −− −−

Status
OK
Overspanning
Onderspanning
Overtemperatuur
Overbelasting
Remedie :
Remedie :
6
EN
PROBLEEM : ‘Uitgang overbelast of kortgesloten’ alarm blijft optreden
ES
Appendix
DE
Omvormer is overbelast.
FR
Remedie :
NL
Remedie :
Te hoge omgevingstemperatuur.
7
12 Volt
24 Volt
48 Volt
12/180
24/180
48/180
12/350
24/350
48/350
180
350
175 / 150
300 / 250
350
700
110VAC +/- 5% of 230VAC +/- 3%
50Hz of 60Hz +/- 0,1%
10,5 - 15,0 / 21,0 - 30,0 / 42,0 - 60,0
11,0 / 22 / 44
10,5 / 21 / 42
12,5 / 25 / 50
87 / 88 / 89
89 / 89/ 90
2,6 / 3,8 / 4,0
3,1 / 5,0 / 6,0
a-e
-20 to +50°C (fan assisted cooling)
max 95%
aluminium (blauw Ral 5012)
1)
1)
IEC-320 (IEC-320 stekker bijgeleverd), Schuko, of
Nema 5-15R
IP 20
2,7 / 5,4
3,5 / 7,7
72x155x237
72x132x200
2.8x5.2x7.9
2.8x6.1x9.3
8
EN
Introduction
1
Appendix
ES
DE
FR
NL
1
2
3
4
5
2
a)
b)
c)
EN
Ph 12/350
Ph 24/350
30 Adc
15 Adc
≥ 100Ah
≥ 60Ah
ES
15 Adc
7,5 Adc
DE
FR
NL
Appendix
3.
4.
5.
NE RACCORDEZ JAMAIS LA SORTIE DU
CONVERTISSEUR A UNE AUTRE SOURCE
ÉLECTRIQUE (SECTEUR) . CELA POURRAIT
GRAVEMENT ENDOMMAGER LE CONVERTISSEUR.
4
EN
NL
FR
DE
ES
Appendix
5
   
−− −− −−
Rouge, continu


−−−−−−−−
6
EN
ES
Appendix
DE
FR
NL
7
12/180
12/350
24/180
24/350
48/180
48/350
180
350
175 / 150
300 / 250
350
700
110 V CA ±5 % ou 230 V CA ±3 %
50 Hz ou 60 Hz ±0,1 %
10,5 - 15,0 / 21,0 - 30,0 / 42,0 - 60,0
11,0 / 22 / 44
10,5 / 21 / 42
12,5 / 25 / 50
87 / 88 / 89
89 / 89/ 90
2,6 / 3,8 / 4,0
3,1 / 5,0 / 6,0
n. a.
n. a.
8
EN
NL
FR
DE
ES
1
Appendix
1
2.
3
Deckenmontage
Bodenmontage
Vertikale Wandmontage,
Ventilator unten
4
Vertikale Wandmontage,
Ventilator oben
Horizontale Wandmontage
5
c)
2
EN
Ph 12/350
Ph 24/350
30 Adc
15 Adc
≥ 100Ah
≥ 60Ah
ES
DE
FR
NL
Appendix
3
4
EN
NL
FR
5

−−−−−−−−
   
−− −− −−

EN
Appendix
ES
DE
FR
NL
8
12,5 / 25 / 50
87 / 88 / 89
2,6 / 3,8 / 4,0
n. a.
89 / 89/ 90
3,1 / 5,0 / 6,0
n. a.
Appendix
10,5 / 21 / 42
ES
DE
180
350
175 / 150
300 / 250
350
700
110VAC +/- 5% or 230VAC +/- 3%
50Hz or 60Hz +/- 0,1%
10,5 - 15,0 / 21,0 - 30,0 / 42,0 - 60,0
11,0 / 22 / 44
FR
12/350
24/350
48/350
12/180
24/180
48/180
NL
EN
9
Appendix
ES
DE
FR
NL
EN
1
2.
3
4
5
c)
2
Tipo de inversor:
Iin a Pnom :
Ph 12/180
Ph 24/180
15 Acc
7,5 Acc
Ph 12/350
Ph 24/350
30 Acc
15 Acc
≥ 100Ah
≥ 60Ah
EN
ES
Appendix
CAUTION
DE
FR
NL
WARNING
SI CONECTA MÁS DE UN APARATO AL
INVERSOR, JUNTO CON UN ORDENADOR,
TENGA EN CUENTA QUE SI UNO DE LOS
APARATOS REQUIERE UNA ELEVADA
CORRIENTE DE ARRANQUE PODRÍA HACER
QUE SU ORDENADOR SE REINICIE AL BAJAR
SÚBITAMENTE LA TENSIÓN.
NUNCA CONECTE LA SALIDA DEL INVERSOR A
LA RED CA, COMO POR EJEMPLO A UN
ENCHUFE DE SU CASA. ESTO DAÑARÁ EL
INVERSOR.
CAUTION
4
DE
ES
Appendix
WARNING
FR
WARNING
NL
EN

−−−−−−−−
   
−− −− −−

6
Temperatura ambiente demasiado
alta.
Appendix
ES
DE
FR
NL
EN
PROBLEMA: Aparece constantemente el mensaje de error “Overloaded or
shorted output”
12/180
24/180
48/180
12/350
24/350
48/350
180
350
175 / 150
300 / 250
350
700
110 V CA +/- 5% o 230 V CA +/- 3%
50Hz o 60Hz +/- 0,1%
10,5 - 15,0 / 21,0 - 30,0 / 42,0 - 60,0
11,0 / 22 / 44
10,5 / 21 / 42
12,5 / 25 / 50
87 / 88 / 89
89 / 89/ 90
2,6 / 3,8 / 4,0
3,1 / 5,0 / 6,0
n. d.
n. d.
a-e
-20 a +50°C (refrigerado por ventilador)
Máx. 95%
aluminio (azul Ral 5012)
1)
1)
IEC-320 (IEC-320 enchufe incluido), Schuko, o
Nema 5-15R
Reino Unido, Australia/Nueva Zelanda
IP 20
2,7 / 5,4
3,5 / 7,7
72x155x237
72x132x200
2.8x5.2x7.9
2.8x6.1x9.3
n. a.
Conector bifásico
Filax
8
n. a.
EN
NL
FR
DE
ES
Appendix
Victron Energy Blue Power
Distributor:
Serial number:
Version : 04
Date
: 06 April 2011
Victron Energy B.V.
De Paal 35 | 1351 JG Almere
PO Box 50016 | 1305 AA Almere | The Netherlands
General phone
Customer support desk
Fax
: +31 (0)36 535 97 00
: +31 (0)36 535 97 03
: +31 (0)36 535 97 40
E-mail
: [email protected]
www.victronenergy.com
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