Artison | S-LCR-DM | Specifications | Artison S-LCR-DM Specifications

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Operator's Manual
Model SMX2040 6½ Digit Digital Multimeter
Model SMX2042 6½ Digit Multi-Function Digital Multimeter
Model SMX2044 6½ Digit LCR Sourcing Digital Multimeter
Signametrics Corporation
December, 2004
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CAUTION
In no event shall Signametrics or its Representatives be liable for any consequential damages whatsoever (including,
without limitation, damages for loss of business profits, business interruption, loss of business information, or other
loss) arising out of the use of or inability to use Signametric's products, even if Signametrics has been advised of the
possibility of such damages. Because some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for
consequential damages, the above limitations may not apply to you.
© 1999 Signametrics Corp. Printed in the USA. All rights reserved. Contents of this publication must not be
reproduced in any form without the permission of Signametrics Corporation.
Signametrics
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................................7
1.1 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS ..........................................................................................................................7
1.2 MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS .........................................................................................................................8
1.3 FEATURE SET .............................................................................................................................................8
2.0 SPECIFICATIONS ...............................................................................................................................................9
2.1 DC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT ...................................................................................................................9
2.2 DC CURRENT MEASUREMENT ....................................................................................................................9
2.3 AC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS ..................................................................................................................9
2.3.1 AC Voltage True RMS Measurement .......................................................................................9
2.3.2 AC Peak-to-Peak Measurement (SMX2044)..........................................................................10
2.3.3 AC Crest Factor Measurement (SMX2044)...........................................................................10
2.3.4 AC Median Value Measurement (SMX2044).........................................................................11
2.4 AC CURRENT MEASUREMENT, TRUE RMS ..............................................................................................11
2.5 RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS ..................................................................................................................12
2.5.1 2-wire and 4-wire...................................................................................................................12
2.5.2 6-wire Guarded Resistance Measurement (SMX2044)..........................................................12
2.6 LEAKAGE MEASUREMENT (SMX2044)....................................................................................................12
2.7 RTD TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT (SMX2044) ...................................................................................12
2.8 ADDITIONAL COMPONENT MEASUREMENTS ............................................................................................13
2.8.1 Diode Characterization .........................................................................................................13
2.8.2 Capacitance Measurement (SMX2042, 44) ...........................................................................13
2.8.3 Inductance Measurement (SMX2044)....................................................................................13
2.8.4 In Circuit AC-Based Capacitance Measurements (SM2044) ................................................13
2.9 TIMING MEASUREMENTS (SMX2042, 44)................................................................................................14
2.9.1 Threshold DAC ......................................................................................................................14
2.9.2 Frequency and Period Measurement.....................................................................................14
2.9.3 Duty Cycle Measurement .......................................................................................................14
2.9.4 Pulse Width ............................................................................................................................14
2.9.5 Totalizer .................................................................................................................................15
2.10 TRIGGER FUNCTIONS ..............................................................................................................................15
2.10.1 External Hardware Trigger (at DIN-7 connector) ..............................................................15
2.10.2 PXI Bus Hardware Trigger Inputs (at PXI J2) ....................................................................15
2.10.3 PXI Bus Hardware Trigger Output (to PXI J2)...................................................................15
2.10.4 Analog Threshold Trigger....................................................................................................15
2.11 SOURCE FUNCTIONS (SMX2044)...........................................................................................................16
2.11.1 DC Voltage Source ..............................................................................................................16
2.11.2 AC Voltage Source...............................................................................................................16
2.11.3 DC Current Source ..............................................................................................................16
2.12 ACCURACY NOTES .................................................................................................................................17
2.13 OTHER SPECIFICATIONS .........................................................................................................................18
3.0 GETTING STARTED.........................................................................................................................................19
3.1 SETTING THE DMM..................................................................................................................................19
3.2 INSTALLING THE DMM MODULE .............................................................................................................19
3.3 INSTALLING THE DMM SOFTWARE PACKAGE...........................................................................................19
3.4 DMM INPUT CONNECTORS ......................................................................................................................19
3.5 STARTING THE CONTROL PANEL ..............................................................................................................21
3.6 USING THE CONTROL PANEL ....................................................................................................................22
4.0 DMM OPERATIONS AND MEASUREMENTS.............................................................................................24
4.1 VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT ........................................................................................................................24
4.1.1 DC Voltage Measurements ....................................................................................................24
4.1.2 True RMS AC Voltage Measurements ...................................................................................25
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4.1.3 AC Peak-to-Peak and Crest Factor Measurement (SMX2044) .............................................25
4.1.4 AC Median Value Measurement (SMX2044).........................................................................26
4.2 CURRENT MEASUREMENTS ......................................................................................................................26
4.2.1 Improving Current Measurements .........................................................................................26
4.2.2 Low Level DC Current Measurements...................................................................................27
4.2.3 Extended DC Current Measurements (SM2044) ...................................................................27
4.3 RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS ..................................................................................................................27
4.3.1 2-wire Ohm Measurements ....................................................................................................27
4.3.2 4-wire Ohm Measurements ....................................................................................................27
4.3.3 Using Offset Ohms function ...................................................................................................28
4.3.4 6-wire Guarded Resistance Measurement (SMX2044)..........................................................28
4.3.5 Leakage Measurements (SMX2044) ......................................................................................29
4.3.6 Extended Resistance Measurements (SMX2044) ...................................................................30
4.3.7 Effects of Thermo-Voltaic Offset............................................................................................31
4.3.8 Guarding High Value Resistance Measurements (SMX2044) ...............................................32
4.4 RTD TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT (SMX2044) ...................................................................................32
4.5 INTERNAL TEMPERATURE (SMX2044) ....................................................................................................32
4.6 DIODE CHARACTERIZATION .....................................................................................................................33
4.7 CAPACITANCE MEASUREMENT (SMX2044).............................................................................................33
4.8 IN-CIRCUIT CAPACITANCE MEASUREMENT (SMX2044)..........................................................................34
4.9 INDUCTANCE MEASUREMENT (SMX2044) ..............................................................................................34
4.10 CHARACTERISTIC IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENT (SMX2044) ..................................................................34
4.11 TRIGGER OPERATION .............................................................................................................................34
4.11.1 External Hardware Trigger .................................................................................................34
4.11.2 Analog Threshold Trigger....................................................................................................35
4.11.3 Software Issued Triggered Operations ................................................................................35
4.11.4 Using the PXI bus Trigger Facilities ...................................................................................35
4.12 FREQUENCY AND TIMING MEASUREMENTS (SMX2042, 44)..................................................................36
4.12.1 Threshold DAC ....................................................................................................................36
4.12.2 Frequency and Period Measurements .................................................................................37
4.12.3 Duty Cycle Measurement .....................................................................................................38
4.12.4 Pulse Width ..........................................................................................................................38
4.12.5 Totalizer Event Counter .......................................................................................................38
4.13 SOURCING FUNCTIONS (SMX2044) .......................................................................................................39
4.13.1 DC Voltage Source ..............................................................................................................39
4.13.2 AC Voltage Source...............................................................................................................40
4.13.3 DC Current Source ..............................................................................................................40
4.13.4 Source Current - Measure Voltage ......................................................................................40
4.14 SYNTHESIZING RESISTANCE (SMX2044) ...............................................................................................41
4.15 INTERFACING TO THE SMX4032 SERIES RELAY SCANNERS ...................................................................42
4.15.1 Triggering the SMX2040 DMMs .........................................................................................42
4.15.2 Multiplexing with the SMX2040 DMMs...............................................................................43
4.15.3 Interface Commands and Timing.........................................................................................43
5.1 DISTRIBUTION FILES ................................................................................................................................45
5.1.1 The SM40CAL.DAT file ........................................................................................................46
5.2 USING THE SMX2040 DRIVER WITH C++ OR SIMILAR SOFTWARE ..........................................................47
Multiple Card Operations Under Windows ....................................................................................47
5.3 VISUAL BASIC FRONT PANEL APPLICATION .............................................................................................48
5.3.1 Visual Basic Simple Application ............................................................................................49
5.4 WINDOWS DLL DEFAULT MODES AND PARAMETERS ..............................................................................49
5.5 USING THE SMX2040 DLL WITH LABWINDOWS/CVI®.........................................................................50
5.6 WINDOWS COMMAND LANGUAGE ...........................................................................................................51
DMMArmAnalogTrigger ................................................................................................................51
DMMArmTrigger............................................................................................................................52
DMMBurstBuffRead .......................................................................................................................53
DMMBurstRead ..............................................................................................................................54
DMMCalibrate................................................................................................................................55
DMMCleanRelay ............................................................................................................................55
DMMClearMinMax ........................................................................................................................56
DMMClosePCI ...............................................................................................................................56
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DMMDelay .....................................................................................................................................57
DMMDisableTrimDAC...................................................................................................................57
DMMDisArmTrigger ......................................................................................................................58
DMMDutyCycleStr .........................................................................................................................58
DMMErrString................................................................................................................................59
DMMFrequencyStr .........................................................................................................................59
DMMGetACCapsR .........................................................................................................................61
DMMGetBusInfo.............................................................................................................................61
DMMGetCalDate............................................................................................................................62
DMMGetdB.....................................................................................................................................62
DMMGetdBStr ................................................................................................................................63
DMMGetCJTemp............................................................................................................................63
DMMGetDeviation .........................................................................................................................64
DMMGetDeviatStr..........................................................................................................................65
DMMGetFuncRange.......................................................................................................................65
DMMGetFunction...........................................................................................................................66
DMMGetGrdVer .............................................................................................................................66
DMMGetHwVer..............................................................................................................................67
DMMGetID .....................................................................................................................................67
DMMGetManDate ..........................................................................................................................68
DMMGetMax ..................................................................................................................................68
DMMGetMaxStr .............................................................................................................................69
DMMGetMin...................................................................................................................................69
DMMGetMinStr ..............................................................................................................................70
DMMGetRange ...............................................................................................................................70
DMMGetRate..................................................................................................................................71
DMMGetSourceFreq ......................................................................................................................71
DMMGetTCType.............................................................................................................................72
DMMGetType .................................................................................................................................72
DMMGetVer ...................................................................................................................................73
DMMInit .........................................................................................................................................73
DMMIsAutoRange ..........................................................................................................................74
DMMIsInitialized............................................................................................................................75
DMMIsRelative ...............................................................................................................................75
DMMLoadCalFile...........................................................................................................................76
DMMOpenPCI................................................................................................................................77
DMMOpenCalACCaps ...................................................................................................................77
DMMOpenTerminalCal..................................................................................................................78
DMMPeriodStr ...............................................................................................................................78
DMMPolledRead ............................................................................................................................80
DMMPolledReadCmd.....................................................................................................................80
DMMPolledReadStr........................................................................................................................81
DMMRead.......................................................................................................................................81
DMMReadBuffer.............................................................................................................................82
DMMReadBufferStr ........................................................................................................................83
DMMReadCJTemp .........................................................................................................................83
DMMReadCrestFactor ...................................................................................................................84
DMMReadDutyCycle ......................................................................................................................85
DMMReadFrequency......................................................................................................................85
DMMReadFrequencyStr .................................................................................................................86
DMMReadInductorQ ......................................................................................................................87
DMMReadMeasurement .................................................................................................................87
DMMReadMedian...........................................................................................................................88
DMMReadNorm..............................................................................................................................88
DMMReadPeakToPeak...................................................................................................................89
DMMReadPeriod............................................................................................................................89
DMMReadStr ..................................................................................................................................90
DMMReadTotalizer ........................................................................................................................91
DMMReadWidth .............................................................................................................................92
DMMReady .....................................................................................................................................92
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DMMSetACCapsDelay ...................................................................................................................93
DMMSetACCapsLevel ....................................................................................................................93
DMMSetACVSource .......................................................................................................................94
DMMSetAutoRange ........................................................................................................................95
DMMSetBuffTrigRead ....................................................................................................................95
DMMSetCapsAveSamp ...................................................................................................................96
DMMSetCJTemp.............................................................................................................................97
DMMSetCompThreshold ................................................................................................................98
DMMSetCounterRng.......................................................................................................................98
DMMSetDCISource ........................................................................................................................99
DMMSetDCVSource .......................................................................................................................99
DMMSetExternalShunt .................................................................................................................100
DMMSetFuncRange......................................................................................................................101
DMMSetFunction..........................................................................................................................101
DMMSetInductFreq ......................................................................................................................102
DMMSetOffsetOhms .....................................................................................................................102
DMMSetRange..............................................................................................................................103
DMMSetRate.................................................................................................................................103
DMMSetRelative ...........................................................................................................................104
DMMSetResistance .......................................................................................................................106
DMMSetRTD ................................................................................................................................106
DMMSetSensoreParams ...............................................................................................................107
DMMSetSourceMode....................................................................................................................107
DMMSetSynchronized...................................................................................................................108
DMMSetTCType ...........................................................................................................................109
DMMSetTempUnits.......................................................................................................................109
DMMSetTrigRead .........................................................................................................................110
DMMSetTrimDAC ........................................................................................................................111
DMMStartTotalizer.......................................................................................................................111
DMMStopTotalizer .......................................................................................................................113
DMMTerminate.............................................................................................................................113
DMMTrigger.................................................................................................................................114
DMMWidthStr...............................................................................................................................114
SetACCapsFreq.............................................................................................................................115
6.0 MAINTENANCE ..............................................................................................................................................116
6.1 PERFORMANCE TESTS ............................................................................................................................117
6.2 DC VOLTAGE TEST ................................................................................................................................117
6.3 RESISTANCE TEST, 2-WIRE .....................................................................................................................118
6.4 RESISTANCE TEST, 4-WIRE .....................................................................................................................118
6.5 AC VOLTAGE TEST ................................................................................................................................120
6.6 DC CURRENT TEST ................................................................................................................................121
6.7 AC CURRENT TEST ................................................................................................................................121
6.8 CAPACITANCE TEST (SMX2044 ONLY)..................................................................................................122
6.9 FREQUENCY COUNTER TEST (SMX2044 ONLY).....................................................................................123
6.10 CALIBRATION .......................................................................................................................................124
7.0 WARRANTY AND SERVICE.........................................................................................................................125
8.0 ACCESSORIES.................................................................................................................................................125
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1.0 Introduction
Congratulations! You have purchased a PXI/CompactPCI Plug-in instrument with analog and systems performance
that rivals the best, all-in-one box instruments. The SMX2040 series digital multimeters (DMMs) are easy to setup
and use, have sophisticated analog and digital circuitry to provide very repeatable measurements, and are protected
to handle any unexpected situations your measurement environment may encounter. To get years of reliable service
from these DMMs, please take a few moments and review this manual before installing and using this precision
instrument.
This manual describes the SMX2040 and SMX2044 DMMs. Each DMM delivers unmatched breakthrough
performance in a PXI and CompactPCI plug-in instrument. With a rich repertoire of functions, the SMX2040 series
out performs all other plug-in DMMs, including the trusted Signametrics SM-2020CT, and most brand named
bench top units.
Note: In this manual, all references to the "SMX2040" and “DMM” apply to the SMX2040 and SMX2044.
Features unique to the SMX2044 will be identified as such.
1.1 Safety Considerations
Safety Considerations
The SMX2040 series of DMMs is capable of measuring up to 300 VDC or 250 VAC across the Volt HI
and LO terminals, and can also measure common mode signals that "float" the DMM above EARTH
ground by up to 300 VDC or 250 VAC. When making common mode measurements, the majority of the
circuits inside the DMM are at the common mode voltage. These voltages can be lethal and can KILL!
During and after installing your DMM, check to see that there are no wires or ribbon cables from
your PXI/CompactPCI chassis trapped inside the DMM.
The DMM comes installed with two shields (bottom and top) that must not be removed for performance
as well as safety reasons. Removal of these shields and/or improper assembly of the shields can result in
lethal voltages occurring within your chassis. Also make sure the chassis is 3U in size.
Warning
Check to see that no loose wires or ribbon cables infringe upon any of the internal circuits of the
DMM, as this may apply measurement voltages to your computer, causing electrocution and/or
damage to your PXI/CompactPCI chassis !
To avoid shock hazard, install the DMM only into a 3U PXI and CompactPCI chassis that has its
power connector connected to a power receptacle with an earth safety ground.
When making any measurements above 50 VDC or 40 VAC, only use Safety Test Leads. Examples of
these are the Signametrics Basic Test Leads and Deluxe Test Leads, offered as an optional accessory with
the Signametrics DMMs. Do not use these units in a 6U chassis as an electrocution hazard will be
present.
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1.2 Minimum Requirements
The SMX2040 series of system DMMs are precision plug-in modules that are compatible with 3U PXI or
CompactPCI chassis. The processor type must be a Pentium or equivalent processor running MS Windows. The
DMM requires a single PXI or CompactPCI slot. A mouse must be installed when controlling the DMM from the
Windows Control Panel. The SMX2040 comes with a Windows' DLL, for operation with Windows' Version
95/98/Me/2000/XP and NT4.0.
1.3 Feature Set
The base unit, the SMX2040, has 6-1/2 digit performance and can be used as a general purpose DMM, giving very
accurate and stable readings. The SMX2044 adds to the SMX2040 additional measurement functions not found in
other DMMs such as inductance measurement and sourcing capabilities.
SMX2040, 42, 44 6½ Digit DMMs feature table:
Function
SMX2040
DMM
DCV 4 ranges, >10 GΩ & 10 MΩ input
resistance.
ACV 4 ranges, 1 MΩ input
2-Wire Ohms, six ranges 330 Ω to 33 MΩ
√
4-Wire Ohms, four ranges 330 Ω to 330 kΩ
Offset Ohms
DC current, four ranges 3.3 mA to 2.5 A
AC current, four ranges 3.3 mA to 2.5 A
Diode V/I characteristics at 100 ηA to 1mA
Auto range, Relative
Min/Max, dB and percent deviation functions
On board measurement buffer
Measurement rate: 0.2 to 1,000/sec
External and threshold trigger
Thermocouples
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
High Dynamic range; +3,300,000 counts
PXI Trigger In/Out
Capacitance, seven ranges, 10 nF to 10 mF
Temperature (five basic RTD types)
Frequency / Period measurement
Pulse width, pos./neg., & duty cycle
Totalizer/event counter
Variable threshold DAC; all timing measure.
Peak to Peak, Crest factor, Median
Internal DMM temperature sensor
Six wire Ohms (with force/sense)
Inductance, six ranges 33 µH to 3.3 H
DCV source 0 to +/-10.0 V
ACV source 0 to 20 V pk-pk, 2 Hz to 75 KHz
DC current source, 1 nA to 12.5 mA
Leakage measurement
Synthesized resistance source
Extended Resistance measurements
In Circuit Capacitance
Signametrics
SMX2042
Multi-Function
DMM
√
SMX2044 LCR
Sourcing DMM
√
plus 33 Ω,
330 MΩ
plus 33 Ω
√
√
√
plus 10 mA
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
plus 33 Ω,
330 MΩ
plus 33 Ω range
√
√
√
plus 10 mA
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
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2.0 Specifications
2.1 DC Voltage Measurement
Input Characteristics
• Input Resistance 330 mV & 3.3 V Ranges: >10 GΩ ,
• Input Resistance 33 V & 330 V Ranges: 10.0 MΩ
Accuracy ± (% of reading + Volts) [1]
Range
330 mV
3.3 V
33 V
330 V
Full Scale
6 ½ Digits
330.0000 mV
3.300000 V
33.00000 V
330.0000 V
Resolution
24 hours
23°C ± 1°C
0.003 + 4.5 µV
0.002 + 10 µV
0.003 + 250 µV
0.004 + 1 mV
100 ηV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
90 Days
23°C ± 5°C
0.004 + 5.5 µV
0.0025 + 12 µV
0.004 + 280 µV
0.005 + 1.2 mV
One Year 23°C
± 5°C
0.007 + 8 µV
0.0045 + 17 µV
0.007 + 330 µV
0.008 + 1.5 mV
[1] With reading rate set to 10 readings per second (rps) or slower, and within one hour of DCV
zero, using Relative control.
DCV Noise Rejection Normal Mode Rejection, at 50, 60, or 400 Hz ± 0.5%, is better than 95 dB
for reading rates of 10 rps or lower. Common Mode Rejection (with 1 kΩ lead imbalance) is better
than 120 dB for these conditions.
2.2 DC Current Measurement
Input Characteristics
•
•
Burden Voltage < 350 mV for all ranges
Protected with 2.5A fuse ( 5x20mm, 250 V Fast)
Accuracy ± (% of reading + Amps) [1]
Range
3.3 mA
33 mA
330 mA
2.5 A
Full Scale
5 ½ Digits
3.30000 mA
33.0000 mA
330.000 mA
2.50000 A
Resolution
10 ηA
100 ηA
1 µA
10 µA
24 hours
23°C ± 5°C
0.052 + 200 ηA
0.04 + 1 µA
0.05 + 30 µA
0.55 + 50 µA
90 Days
23°C ± 5°C
0.07 + 350 ηA
0.06 + 2 µA
0.055 + 40 µA
0.6 + 200 µA
One Year 23°C
± 5°C
0.1 + 400 ηA
0.1 + 3 µA
0.075 + 60 µA
0.65 + 350 µA
[1] With reading rate set to 10 rps or slower, and within one hour of DCI zero, using Relative control.
2.3 AC Voltage Measurements
Input Characteristics
•
•
•
•
Input Resistance 1.0 MΩ, shunted by < 100 pF, all ranges
Crest Factor 3 at Full Scale, increasing to 7 at Lowest Specified Voltage
AC coupled Specified range: 10 Hz to 100 kHz
Typical Settling time < 0.5 sec to within 0.1% of final value
2.3.1 AC Voltage True RMS Measurement
Range
330 mV
3.3 V
33 V
250 V [2]
Full Scale 6 ½ Digits
330.0000 mV
3.300000 V
33.00000 V
250.0000 V
Lowest specified Voltage
5 mV [1]
10 mV
100 mV
1V
Resolution
100 ηV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
[1] Between 5 mV and 10 mV, add 100 µV additional error to the accuracy table below. In many
computer installations, if the DMM is not near a noisy board, usable voltage measurements of 1 mV
can be obtained.
[2] Signal is limited to 8x106 Volt Hz Product. For example, the largest frequency input at 250 V is
32 kHz, or 8x106 Volt x Hz.
9
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Accuracy ± (% of reading + Volts) [1]
Range
Frequency
330 mV
10 Hz - 20 Hz
20 Hz - 47 Hz
47 Hz - 10 kHz
10 kHz - 50 kHz
50 kHz - 100 kHz
10 Hz - 20 Hz
20 Hz - 47 Hz
47 Hz - 10 kHz
10 kHz - 50 kHz
50 kHz - 100 kHz
10 Hz - 20 Hz
20 Hz - 47 Hz
47 Hz - 10 kHz
10 kHz - 50 kHz
50 kHz - 100 kHz
10 Hz - 20 Hz
20 Hz - 47 Hz
47 Hz - 10 kHz
10 kHz - 50 kHz
50 kHz - 100 kHz
3.3 V
33 V
250 V
24 hours
23°C ± 1°C
3.0 + 350 µV
0.92 + 150 µV
0.13 + 100 µV
0.55 + 160 µV
5.3 + 350 µV
3.0 + 2 mV
0.93 + 1.3 mV
0.05 + 1 mV
0.62 + 1.2 mV
5.1 + 1.5 mV
3.0 + 14 mV
0.93 + 12 mV
0.06 + 10 mV
0.31 + 18 mV
2.0 + 30 mV
3.0 + 140 mV
0.93 + 120 mV
0.04 + 100 mV
0.32 + 150 mV
2.5 + 200 mV
90 Days
23°C ± 5°C
3.1 + 380 µV
0.93 + 170 µV
0.14 + 110 µV
0.6 + 200 µV
5.4 + 370 µV
3.1 + 2.2 mV
0.96 + 1.5 mV
0.055 + 1.1 mV
0.65 + 1.3 mV
5.2 + 1.7 mV
3.1 + 16 mV
0.96 + 14 mV
0.065 + 11 mV
0.33 + 21 mV
2.2 + 35 mV
3.1 + 160 mV
0.96 + 130 mV
0.045 + 110 mV
0.4 + 170 mV
2.8 + 240 mV
One Year
23°C ± 5°C
3.2 + 430 µV
0.95 + 200 µV
0.15 + 120 µV
0.63 + 230 µV
5.6 + 400 µV
3.2 + 2.5 mV
1.0 + 1.7 mV
0.065 + 1.2 mV
0.70 + 1.5 mV
5.3 + 2 mV
3.3 + 20 mV
1.0 + 16 mV
0.073 + 13 mV
0.35 + 25 mV
2.4 + 40 mV
3.3 + 200 mV
1.0 + 150 mV
0.06 + 130 mV
0.45 + 200 mV
3.2 + 300 mV
ACV Noise Rejection Common Mode rejection, for 50 Hz or 60 Hz with 1 kΩ imbalance in either lead, is better
than 60 dB.
2.3.2 AC Peak-to-Peak Measurement (SMX2044)
•
Measures the peak-to-peak value of a repetitive waveform
ACV
Range
330 mV
3.3 V
33 V
250 V
Lowest specified
input voltage
(Vp-p)
0.1 V
1.0 V
10 V
100 V
Full Scale
reading (Vp-p)
Resolution
Typical Accuracy 23°C ± 5°C
One Year [1]
1.85 V
18.5 V
185.0 V
850.0 V
1 mV
10 mV
100 mV
1V
1.5 ±10 mV
1.4 ±70 mV
1.0 ±700 mV
1.0 ± 6 V
[1] Specified from 30Hz to 10 kHz. Input signal frequency of 30 Hz to 30 kHz.
2.3.3 AC Crest Factor Measurement (SMX2044)
•
Measures the crest factor (peak / RMS) of a repetitive waveform
ACV
Range
330 mV
3.3 V
33 V
250 V
Lowest specified
input voltage
(Vp-p)
0.1 V
1.0 V
10 V
100 V
Highest specified input
voltages (Vp-p)
Resolution
Typical Accuracy 23°C ± 5°C
One Year [1]
1.8 V
18 V
180 V
700 V
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
2.2 ±0.3
2.1 ±0.1
2.0 ±0.1
2.0 ±0.1
[1] Crest factor measurement requires signal frequency of 30 Hz to 30 kHz.
Signametrics
10
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2.3.4 AC Median Value Measurement (SMX2044)
•
•
Measures the mid-point between the positive and negative peaks of a repetitive waveform
Used to determine the Threshold DAC setting for optimal frequency and timing measurements
ACV
Range
330 mV
3.3 V
33 V
250 V
Lowest specified input
voltage (Vp-p)
0.08 V
0.80 V
8V
80 V
Full Scale
reading
±0.95 V
±9.5 V
±95.0 V
±350.0 V
Resolution
Typical Accuracy 23°C ± 5°C One Year [1]
1 mV
10 mV
100 mV
1V
2.0% ±17 mV
3% ±160 mV
3% ±1.4 V
3% ±12 V
[1] Median measurements require a repetitive signal with frequency range of 30 Hz to 30 KHz.
2.4 AC Current Measurement, True RMS
Input Characteristics
• Burden Voltage < 350 mV RMS all Ranges
• Crest Factor 3 at Full Scale, increasing to 7 at Lowest Specified Current
• Protected with 2.5 A fuse ( 5x20 mm, 250 V Fast)
Range
3.3 mA
33 mA
330 mA
2.5 A
Full Scale 6 1/2 Digits
3.300000 mA
33.00000 mA
330.0000 mA
2.500000 A
Lowest Specified Current
50 µA
500 µA
5 mA
50 mA
Resolution
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 uA
Accuracy ± (% of reading + Amps)
Range
3.3 mA
33 mA
330 mA
2.5 A
Frequency
10 Hz - 20 Hz
20 Hz - 47 Hz
47 Hz - 1 kHz
1 kHz - 10 kHz
10 Hz - 20 Hz
20 Hz - 47 Hz
47 Hz - 1 kHz
1 kHz - 10 kHz
10 Hz - 20 Hz
20 Hz - 47 Hz
47 Hz - 1 kHz
1 kHz - 10 kHz
10 Hz - 20 Hz
20 Hz - 47 Hz
47 Hz - 1 kHz
1 kHz - 10 kHz
24 hours
23°C ± 1°C
3.8 + 4 µA
0.9 + 4 µA
0.04 + 1.5 µA
0.12 + 4 µA
1.8 + 30 µA
0.6 + 30 µA
0.07 + 10 µA
0.21 + 30 µA
1.8 + 400 µA
0.6 + 400 µA
0.1 + 100 µA
0.3 + 300 µA
1.8 + 4 mA
0.66 + 4 mA
0.6 + 3.8mA
0.6 + 4mA
90 Days
23°C ± 10°C
2.7 + 4 µA
0.9 + 4 µA
0.08 + 3 µA
0.14 + 4 µA
2.6 + 30 µA
0.9 + 30 µA
0.15 + 20 µA
0.3 + 40 µA
2.7 + 400 µA
0.9 + 400 µA
0.17 + 180 µA
0.4 + 350 µA
2.5 + 4.5 mA
0.8 + 6 mA
0.63 + 3.8 mA
0.62 + 4.5 mA
One Year
23°C ± 10°C
2.9 + 4 µA
1.0 + 4 µA
0.12 + 4 µA
0.22 + 4 µA
2.8 + 30 µA
1.0 + 30 µA
0.16 + 30 µA
0.4 + 40 µA
2.8 + 400 µA
1.0 + 400 µA
0.22 + 220 µA
0.6 + 400 µA
2.7 + 5 mA
0.9 + 6 mA
0.65 + 4 mA
0.7 + 5 mA
Note: All AC Current ranges have typical measurement capability to 20 kHz.
11
Signametrics
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2.5 Resistance Measurements
2.5.1 2-wire and 4-wire
Accuracy ± (% of reading + Ω) [1]
Range [2]
33 Ω [3]
330 Ω
3.3 kΩ
33 kΩ
330 kΩ
3.3 MΩ
33 MΩ
330 MΩ [3]
Full Scale
6 ½ Digits
33.00000 Ω
330.0000 Ω
3.300000 kΩ
33.00000 kΩ
330.0000 kΩ
3.300000 MΩ
33.0000 MΩ
330.00 MΩ
Resolution
10 µΩ
100 µΩ
1 mΩ
10 mΩ
100 mΩ
1Ω
100 Ω
10 kΩ
Source
current
10 mA
1 mA
1 mA
100 µA
10 µA
1 µA
100 nA
10 nA
24 hours
23°C ± 1°C
0.0038 + 1 mΩ
0.0037 + 4.5 mΩ
0.0023 + 28 mΩ
0.0025 + 300 mΩ
0.0055 + 3.2 Ω
0.018 + 40 Ω
0.12 + 400 Ω
1 + 50 kΩ
90 Days
23°C ± 10°C
0.005 + 1.5 mΩ
0.0046 + 5 mΩ
0.003 + 32 mΩ
0.0033 + 330 mΩ
0.007 + 4 Ω
0.03 + 50 Ω
0.13 + 500 Ω
1.4 + 60 kΩ
One Year
23°C ± 10°C
0.008 + 2 mΩ
0.007 + 6 mΩ
0.005 + 33 mΩ
0.006 + 350 mΩ
0.009 + 5 Ω
0.04 + 70 Ω
0.2 + 600 Ω
2.0 + 80 kΩ
[1] With reading rate set to 2 rps or slower, and within one hour of Ohms zero, using Relative control.
[2] 4-wire ohms is available up to the 330 kΩ range.
[3] 33 Ω and 330 MΩ ranges are only available with the SMX2042,44.
2.5.2 6-wire Guarded Resistance Measurement (SMX2044)
Typical additional error contributed by guarding
Accuracy ± (% of reading + Ω)
Range
33 Ω
330 Ω
3.3 kΩ
33 kΩ
330 kΩ
One Year 23°C ± 5°C [1]
0.3 + 4 mΩ
0.003 + 20 mΩ
0.005 + 100 mΩ
0.03 + 1 Ω
0.35 + 10 Ω
Source current
10 mA
1 mA
1 mA
100 µA
10 µA
[1] This table should be used in conjunction with the 2-wire and 4-wire table above.
2.6 Leakage Measurement (SMX2044)
Accuracy ± (% of reading + Ω) [1]
Leakage Reading
1.00 ηA to 100.00 ηA
100.00 ηA to 1000.00ηA
1000.00 ηA to 3.3 µA
One Year 23°C ± 5°C [1]
2 + 350 pA
Voltage range
-10 V to +10 V
-9 V to + 9 V
-7 V to + 7 V
1.2 + 2 ηA
1.5 + 20 ηA
[1] Error does not include external shunt resistor’s tolerance.
2.7 RTD Temperature Measurement (SMX2044)
RTD Type
0.01°C
Temperature
range
-150 to 650°C
Temperature Accuracy 23°C ± 5°C [1]
One Year
±0.06°C
500, 1 kΩ
0.01°C
-150 to 650°C
±0.03°C
Less than 12 Ω
0.01°C
-100 to 200°C
Higher than 90 Ω
0.01°C
-100 to 200°C
±0.18°C for temperatures ≤ 20°C, ±0.05°C
otherwise
±0.10°C for temperatures ≤ 20°C, ±0.05°C
otherwise
Ro (Ω)
Resolution
pt385, pt3911,
pt3916, pt3926
pt385, pt3911,
pt3916, pt3926
Cu (Copper)
100, 200 Ω
Cu (Copper)
[1] With reading rate set to 2 rps or slower, using a 4-wire RTD. Measurement accuracy does not
include RTD probe error.
Signametrics
12
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2.8 Additional Component Measurements
2.8.1 Diode Characterization
•
Available DC current values 100 ηA, 1 µA, 10 µA, 100 µA and 1 mA. SMX2042 and SMX2044 add 10
mA. SMX2044 has a variable current from 10 ηA to 12.5 mA using the DCI source.
•
Typical Current Value Uncertainty 1%
•
Typical Voltage Value Uncertainty 0.02%
•
Maximum diode voltage compliance 4 V
2.8.2 Capacitance Measurement (SMX2042, 44)
Accuracy ± (% of reading + Farads) [1]
Range
Full Scale
4 ½ Digits
11.999 ηF
119.99 ηF
1.1999 µF
11.999 µF
119.99 µF
1.1999 mF
11.999 mF
10 ηF
100 ηF
1 µF
10 µF
100 µF
1 mF
10 mF
Resolution
1 pF
10 pF
100 pF
1 ηF
10 ηF
100 ηF
1 µF
One Year
23°C ± 5°C
2.1 ± 5 pF
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.2
2
[1] Within one hour of zero, using Relative control. Accuracy is specified for values higher than 5% of the selected
range with the exception of the 10 ηF range, which measures down to 0 pF.
2.8.3 Inductance Measurement (SMX2044)
± (% of reading + inductance) [1]
Range
33 µH
330 µH
3.3 mH
33 mH
330 mH
3.3 H
Default
frequency
75 kHz
50 kHz
4 kHz
1.5 kHz
1 kHz
100 Hz
Full Scale
4 ½ Digits
33.000 µH
330.00 µH
3.3000 mH
33.000 mH
330.00 mH
3.3000 H
Resolution
1 ηH
10 ηH
100 ηH
1 µH
10 µH
100 µH
Accuracy 23°C ± 5°C
One Year [2]
3.0% + 500 ηH
2.0% + 3 µH
1.5% + 25 µH
1.5% + 200 µH
2.5 + 3 mH
3 + 35 mH
[1] Within one hour of zero, and Open Terminal Calibration.
[2] Accuracy is specified for values greater than 5% of the selected range.
2.8.4 In Circuit AC-Based Capacitance Measurements (SM2044)
Accuracy ± (% of reading + Farads) [1]
Range
33 ηF
330 ηF
3.3 µF
33 µF
330 µF
3.3 mF
Full Scale
4 ½ Digits
32.99 ηF
329.9 ηF
3.299 µF
32.99 µF
329.9 µF
3.299 mF
Resolution
10 pF
100 pF
1000 pF
10 ηF
100 ηF
1 µF
One Year
23°C ± 5°C
12% ± 250 pF
5% ± 500 pF
4% ± 1 ηF
5% ± 20 ηF
5% ± 1 µF
7% ± 50 µF
[1] Specified to 2/3 of range (ie. 22ηF on 33nF range). Within one hour from last AC-Caps Open calibration. Add
an error of 50e-6*R*C (%) due to paralled resistance.
13
Signametrics
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2.9 Timing Measurements (SMX2042, 44)
2.9.1 Threshold DAC
•
The Threshold DAC is used for selecting a detection threshold to give optimal frequency and
timing measurements.
± (% of setting + volts)
Selected VAC
range [1]
Threshold range (DC
level)
330 mV
3.3 V
33 V
250 V
-1.0 V to +1.0 V
-10.0 V to +10.0 V
-100.0 V to 100.0 V
-500 V to 500 V
Threshold
DAC
resolution
0.5 mV
5.0 mV
50 mV
500 V
Highest allowed input
Vp-p
Typical one year setting
uncertainty
1.900 V
19.00 V
190.0 V
850.0 V
0.2% + 4 mV
0.2% + 40 mV
0.2% + 0.4 V
0.2% + 4 V
[1] This table should be used in conjunction with the AC volts section above.
2.9.2 Frequency and Period Measurement
•
ACV Mode
Input Impedance 1 MΩ with < 300 pF
Frequency Range
Resolution
Uncertainty is ±0.002% of
reading ± adder shown
Input Signal Range [1]
1 Hz - 100 Hz
1 mHz
4 mHz
100 Hz-1 kHz
10 mHz
20 mHz
1 kHz-10 kHz
100 mHz
200 mHz
10 kHz-100 kHz
1 Hz
2 Hz
100 kHz-300 kHz
1 Hz
5 Hz
10% - 200%
of range
10% - 200%
of range
10% -200%
of range
10% - 200%
of range
45% -200%
of range
[1] Input RMS voltage required for a valid reading. Do not exceed 250 V RMS input. For example, 10% -200%
of range indicates that in the 330 mVAC range, the input voltage should be 33 mV to 660 mV RMS.
•
ACI Mode
Input Impedance 10 Ω in the 3 mA and 30 mA ranges, 0.1 Ω in the 330 mA and 2.5 A ranges.
Frequency Range
Resolution
Uncertainty
Input Signal Range,
3.3 mA, 330mA Ranges
[1]
Input Signal Range,
33 mA, 2.5A ranges
1 Hz - 100 Hz
1 mHz
0.01% ±4 mHz
10% -500%
of range
100 Hz-1 kHz
10 mHz
0.01% ±20 mHz
10% - 500%
of range
1 kHz-10 kHz
100 mHz
0.01% ±200 mHz
10% -500%
of range
10 kHz-500 kHz
1 Hz
0.01% ±2 Hz
10% - 500%
of range
50% -100%
of range
50% - 100%
of range
50% - 100%
of range
50% - 100%
of range
[1] Input current required to give a valid reading. For example, 10% -500% of range indicates that in the 3.3 mA
range, the input current should be 0.33 mA to 16.5 mA.
2.9.3 Duty Cycle Measurement
Frequency Range
1 Hz to 100 Hz
100 Hz to 1 kHz
1 kHz to 10 kHz
10 kHz to 100 kHz
Resolution
0.02%
0.2%
2%
20%
Typical Uncertainty is
±0.03% of reading ±
adder shown
Full scale reading
0.03%
0.3%
3%
20%
100.00 %
100.00 %
100.00 %
100.00 %
2.9.4 Pulse Width
± (% of reading + sec)
Signametrics
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Polarity
Frequency range
Resolution
Width range
Positive or negative pulse
widths
1 Hz to 100 kHz
2 µs
2 µs to 1 s
Typical
Uncertainty
0.01 +/- 4 µs
2.9.5 Totalizer
•
Active edge polarity: Positive or negative transition
•
Maximum count: 10^9
•
Allowed rate: 1 to 30,000 events per second
•
Uses Threshold DAC
2.10 Trigger Functions
2.10.1 External Hardware Trigger (at DIN-7 connector)
Trigger Input voltage level range
Ttrigger High current drive
Timing Characteristics
Trigger Activation
Internal Reading Buffer
Isolation of trigger input
High: +3V to +15V, Low: -15V to +0.8V
Min. 1mA, Max 10mA (TTL or CMOS logic level)
Trigger occurs within 2/Reading rate
Positive or Negative edge depending on trigger
command.
Up to 1,000 readings/sec into 64 locations reading buffer
±50 V from analog DMM inputs, and from computer
chassis earth ground.
2.10.2 PXI Bus Hardware Trigger Inputs (at PXI J2)
Trigger Input
Trigger Pulse Width
Internal Reading Buffer
Selectable lines
Isolation from DMM inputs
TTL or CMOS positive pulse
Minimum 250µS
up to 1,000 readings/sec into 64 readings buffer
PXI_TRIG1,2,3,4,5,6,7 and PXI_STAR
±330 V from any of the DMM 4 main inputs terminals
2.10.3 PXI Bus Hardware Trigger Output (to PXI J2)
Trigger Output
Trigger Pulse Width
Activity
Selectable lines
Isolation from DMM inputs
TTL or CMOS negative pulse. Positive edge = ready
Approximately 140µS
A single pulse is issued for each A/D conversion (at 10
or higher measurement rate)
PXI_TRIG1,2,3,4,5,6 and PXI_STAR
±330 V from any of the DMM 4 main inputs terminals
2.10.4 Analog Threshold Trigger
•
•
Captures up to 64 readings
Reading rate: 10 rps or higher
15
Signametrics
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2.11 Source Functions (SMX2044)
•
•
•
Isolated to 300 V DC from the Chassis
Current can be paralleled with multiple SMX2044s
Voltage can be put in series with multiple SMX2044s
2.11.1 DC Voltage Source
Parameter
Output Voltage range
Typical Current source/sink at 5V output
DAC resolution
Accuracy 23°C ± 10°C One Year
Typical settling time
Typical source resistance
Closed Loop [1]
Open Loop
-10.000 V to +10.000 V
5 mA
5 mA
18 bits
12 bits
1.0% ± 35 mV
0.015% ± 350 µV
3 S (rate set to 2/s)
1 mS
250 Ω
[1] 10 rps or lower measurement rate is required for the closed loop mode.
2.11.2 AC Voltage Source
Parameter
Output Voltage, sine wave
DAC resolution
Typical Current Drive at 3.5V RMS
Accuracy 18°C to 28°C One Year
Typical settling time (f-out > 40 Hz)
Typical source resistance
Frequency range / resolution
Frequency stability
Closed Loop [1]
Open Loop
50mV to 7.1 V RMS (0.14 to 20.0V peak-to-peak)
16 bits
12 bits
3.5 mA RMS
ACV spec ± 2 mV
ACV spec + 0.8% ± 20 mV
10 s (rate set to 2 rps)
1.5 s
250 Ω
2 Hz to 75 kHz / 2 Hz
100 ppm ± 1 Hz
[1] 5 rps or lower measurement rate is required for the closed loop mode.
2.11.3 DC Current Source
Compliance Voltage
Resolution [1]
Minimum level
Accuracy 23°C ± 10°C One Year
1.25 µA
4.2 V
500 pA
1 ηA
1% + 10 ηA
12.5 µA
4.2 V
5 ηA
10 ηA
1% + 100 ηA
125 µA
4.2 V
50 ηA
100 ηA
1% + 500 ηA
1.25 mA
4.2 V
500 ηA
1 µA
1% + 5 µA
12.5 mA
1.5 V
5 µA
10 µA
1% + 50 µA
Range
[1] Resolution without Trim DAC. The use of the Trim DAC can improve the resolution by a factor of 10, but it has
to be set separately since it is not calibrated.
Signametrics
16
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2.12 Accuracy Notes
Important All accuracy specifications for DCV, Resistance, DCI, ACV, and ACI apply for the time periods shown
in the respective specification tables. To meet these specifications, the System Calibration function must be
performed once a day. System Calibration is a simple software operation that takes a few seconds. Do it by
executing the DMMCalibrate() command, or selecting S-Cal in the control panel.
All three products are capable of continuous measurement as well as data transfer rates of up to 1,000 readings per
second (rps). To achieve the 6-1/2 digit resolution, the DMM should be operated at 5 rps or slower. The maximum
reading rate for 5-1/2 digits is 30 rps.
Accuracy vs. Reading Rates All of the above specifications apply to reading rates of 2 rps or lower. For higher
reading rates, increase the noise floor for DCV, Resistance, and DCI by the square root of the increase in reading
rate from 2 rps. For example, the noise floor for the 3.3 VDC range is 8 µV at 5 rps. At 20 readings per second, or
10x the reading rate, the noise increases by the square root of 10, or 3.16 times. The noise, then, at 20 readings per
second is ± 25 µV.
The noise characteristics for the AC functions increases by the same number as the DC functions. For example, the
noise floor for the 3.3 VAC, 20 rps, will have digit rattle of 8.7 mV vs. 2.75 mV at 2 rps.
Reading Rates vs. Noise Rejection The best AC (50 Hz, 60 Hz or 400 Hz) power line rejection is obtained at
reading rates that are whole number divisions greater than 1 of the line frequency, as shown in the following table.
For best AC line rejection you should use the reading rates checked. It is important to follow this table. Always use
the lowest checked rate that is practical for the application.
Reading Rate (rps)
Power Line frequency
50 Hz
60 Hz
400 Hz
0.1
0.2
0.5
1
2
5
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
80
100
200
400
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Reading Rates vs. Digits of Resolution For reading rates of 10 readings per second (rps) and slower, the DMM
has 6 ½ digits of resolution. For reading rates from 10 rps to 30 rps, the DMM has 5 ½ digits of resolution.
17
Signametrics
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2.13 Other Specifications
Temperature Coefficient, All Functions
Less than 0.1 x accuracy specification per °C
at 23C ± 5°C
Reading Rate (user selectable)
• 0.5 to 1,000 readings per second (rps)
• Up to 10 rps, 6 ½ digits
• Up to 30 rps, 5 ½ digits
Hardware Interface
Single 3U PXI or CompactPCI slot
Overload Protection (voltage inputs)
330 VDC, 250 VAC
Isolation
330 VDC, 250 VAC from Earth Ground
Maximum Input (Volt x Hertz)
8x106 Volt x Hz normal mode input (across Voltage HI &
LO).
1x106 Volt x Hz Common Mode input (from Voltage HI or
LO relative to Earth Ground).
Safety
Designed to IEC 1010-1, Installation Category II.
Calibration
Calibrations are performed by Signametrics in a computer
with a 3°C internal temperature rise. All calibration constants
are stored in a text file.
Temperature Range
-10°C to 70°C, operating
-65°C to +85°C, storage
Size
7” X 3.5” (Standard PXI/CompactPCI 3U format)
DMM Internal Temperature
Measurement (SMX2042, 44)
±2°C
Power
+5 volts, 300 mA maximum
Note: Signametrics reserves the right to make changes in materials, specifications, product functionality, or
accessories without notice.
Accessories
Several accessories are available for the SMX2040 DMMs, which can be purchased directly from Signametrics, or
one of its approved distributors or representatives. These are some of the accessrories avaialble:
•
DMM probes SM-PRB ($15.70)
•
DMM probe kit SM-PRK ($38.50)
•
Delux probe kit SM-PRD ($95.00).
•
Shielded SMT Tweezer Probes SM-PRSMT ($24.90).
•
Multi Stacking Double Banana shielded cable 36” SM-CBL36 ($39.00).
•
Multi Stacking Double Banana shielded cable 48” SM-CBL48 ($43.00).
•
Mini DIN Trigger, 6-Wire Ohms connector SM2040-CON7 ($14.00).
•
LabView VI’s library SM204x.llb ($99.00).
Signametrics
18
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3.0 Getting Started
After unpacking the DMM, please inspect for any shipping damage that may have occurred, and report any claims
to your transportation carrier.
The DMM is shipped with the Digital Multimeter module; three floppy disks containing the various software panels
and drivers plus the calibration data specific for the unit, and this Operator's manual.
3.1 Setting the DMM
The SMX2040 series DMMs are PXI/CompactPCI Plug&Play devices and do not require any switch settings, or
any other adjustments to the DMM prior to installation. The only switches are the PXI trigger input and output
selection switches, capable of selecting one of the PXI triggers and PXI Start Trigger.
The SM40CAL.DAT file supplied with your DMM has a unique calibration record for that DMM (See
"Calibration" at the end of this manual.) When using multiple DMMs in the same chassis, the SM40CAL.DAT
file must have a calibration record for each DMM. Append the unique calibration records of each DMM into one
SM40CAL.DAT file using a text editor such as Notepad. The defalut location for the SM40CAL.DAT file is at
the root directory C:\.
3.2 Installing the DMM Module
Warning
To avoid shock hazard, install the DMM only into a chassis that has its power line connector connected to an
AC receptacle with an Earth Safety ground.
After installation, check to see that no loose wires or ribbon cables infringe upon any of the internal circuits
of the DMM, as this may apply measurement voltages to your chassis, causing personal injury and/or
damage to your equipment!
This module is designed for 3U PXI and CompactPCI chassis. To prevent shock hazard do not plug it into
other format chassis such as 6U without making shure that all sides of the DMM are covered.
Caution: Only install the DMM module with the power to the chassis turned OFF!
Use extreme care when plugging the DMM module(s) into a PXI or CompactPCI chassis. If possible, choose an
empty slot away from any high-speed boards (e.g. CPU or other noisy modules) or the power supply. Please be
patient during the installation process! Due to it’s shielding it is a tight fit. Watch for any interference between
the module and the chassis. Gently push the DMM into the chassis, making shure the handle is correctly located.
Once in, lock it in with the handle and tighten the top and bottom screws to secure it into the chassis. Be patient!
3.3 Installing the DMM software package
To install the DMM, turn off the PXI/CompactPCI chassis, plug in the DMM into the PXI/CompcatPCI chassis,
preferably away from the CPU or any other noisy card, than turn on the power. The first time you power up your
computer with the DMM installed, your Windows system will detect the new DMM and will open the “New
Hardware found” wizard. It will prompt you for a driver. Insert Disk1 which contains the necessary driver.
To complete the installation, run the ‘SETUP’ program provided on the Diks1. This takes care of all installation
and registration requirements of the software. If you are installing the DMM on a computer that had an SMX2040
series install in it, you should first uninstall the old software. For a clean reintallation remove all INF files
containing reference to the Signametrics DMM. Dependig on operating system, these files will be located at
Windows\inf, Windows\inf\other or WINNT\inf. The files will be named Oemx.INF where x is 0,1,2,… and/or
SIGNAMETRICSSMX2040.INF. If present, these files will prevent “Found New Hardware” wizard from
detecting the new DMM. Also, make sure you backup and remove the old calibration record (C:\SM40CAL.DAT).
3.4 DMM Input Connectors
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Before using the DMM, please take a few moments and review this section to understand where the voltage,
current, or resistance and other inputs and outputs should be applied. This section contains important information
concerning voltage and current limits. Do not exceed these limits, as personal injury or damage to the
instrument, your chassis or application may result.
Figure 3-1. The DMM input connectors.
V, Ω + This is the positive terminal for all Volts, 2WΩ, capacitance, diode and inductance measurements, and for
sourcing of VDC, VAC and IDC. It is also the Source HI for 4WΩ measurements. The maximum input across V, Ω
+ and V, Ω - is 300 VDC or 250 VAC when in the measuring mode. When in the sourcing mode, the maximum
input allowed before damage occurs is 100 volts.
V, Ω - This is the negative terminal for all Volts, 2WΩ, capacitance diode and inductance measurements, and or
sourcing of VDC, VAC and IDC. It is also the Source LO for 4WΩ. Do not float this terminal or any other
DMM terminal more than 300 VDC or 250 VAC above Earth Ground. (Also, see Trig, 6W Guard below.)
I + This is the positive terminal for all Current measurements. It is also the Sense HI for 4WΩ measurements and
6WΩ guarded measurements. The maximum input across I, 4WΩ + and I, 4WΩ - is 2.5 A. Do not apply more than
5 V peak across these two terminals!
I – This is the negative terminal for all Current measurements. In the Current modes, it is protected with a 2.5 A,
250 V Fast Blow fuse (5 x 20 mm). It is also the Sense LO for 4WΩ measurements and 6WΩ guarded
measurements. V, Ω - and I, 4WΩ - should never have more than 5 V peak across them.
TRIG GUARD Both the Trigger and Guard functions use the DIN-7 connector. This group of pins include the
positive and negative hardware trigger input lines and the two SMX2044 Guarded Measurement Force and Sense
signals. The external trigger initiates reading(s) into the onboard buffer, and the 6W guard signals facilitate in-
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circuit resistor measurements by means of isolating a loading node. The DIN-7 plug can be ordered from
Signametrics and is available at many electronic hardware distributors. The connector is generically referred to as a
mini DIN-7 male. The trigger signal should be in the range of 3 V to 12 V peak. The two 6W guard signals should
never have more than 5 V peak across them.
Warning! The DIN connector pins are protected to a maximum of 35 V with respect to the chassis and any
other DMM terminal. Do not apply any voltages greater than 35 V to the DIN connector pins. Violating this
limit may result in personal injury and/or permanent damage to the DMM.
DIN-7, Pin number
7
4
1
6
Function
External Trigger, Positive terminal
External Trigger, Negative terminal
Guard Source (SMX2044)
Guard Sense (SMX2044)
DIN-7 Connector Pin Description, view from bracket side.
3.5 Starting the Control Panel
You can verify the installation and gain familiarity with the DMM by exercising its measurement functions using
the Windows based Control Panel. To run the control panel, double click the “SMX2044.EXE”. If you do not hear
the relays click, it is most likely due to an installation error. Another possible source for an error is that the
SM40CAL.DAT file does not correspond to the installed DMM.
The Control Panel is operated with a mouse. All functions are accessed using the left mouse button. When the
DMM is operated at very slow reading rates, you may have to hold down the left mouse button longer than usual for
the program to acknowledge the mouse click.
Note: The SMX2040 front panel powers up in DCV, 2 readings per second, 330 V range. If the DMM is operated in
Autorange, with an open input, you may hear the SMX2040 relays clicking every few seconds, as a range change
occurs. This is perfectly normal with ultra high impedance DMMs such as the SMX2040. This phenomenon is
caused by the virtually infinite input impedance of the 330 mV and 3.3 V DCV ranges. On these ranges, an open
input will read whatever charge is associated with the signal conditioning of the DMM. As this electrical charge
changes, the SMX2040 will change ranges, causing the relay clicking. This is normal.
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3.6 Using the Control Panel
Figure 3-2. The Control Panel for the SMX2044. The three main groups include Measure, Source and
Range buttons. The 8 Range buttons are context sensitive such that only “330m, 3.3, 33 and 250 appear
when in AC Voltage Functions, “3.3m 33m 330m 2.5” appear when in Current Functions, etc.
Note: All of the controls described below correspond to their respective software function, which can be invoked
within your control software or as objects in a visual programming environment. Using the software command
language of the SMX2040 provides powerful capabilities. Some composite functions are not included in the control
panel above.
DC/AC This function switches between DC and AC. This is applicable for the following DMM functions:
Voltage, Current, and Voltage-Source. If Voltage-Source is the function presently in use, the Source control under
the Tools menu can be used to set frequency and amplitude in ACV, and amplitude only in DCV and DCI.
Relative This is the Relative function. When activated, the last reading is stored and subtracted from all
subsequent readings. This is a very important function when making low level DCV measurements, or in 2WΩ. For
example, when using 2WΩ, you can null out lead resistance by shorting the leads together and clicking on Relative.
When making low level DC voltage measurements (e.g., in the µV region), first apply a copper short to the V,Ω +
& - input terminals, allow the reading to stabilize for a few seconds, and click on Relative. This will correct for any
offsets internal to the SMX2040. The Relative button can also be used in the Percent and dB deviation displays
(shown below), which are activated using the Tools in the top menu.
The Min/Max box can be used to analyze variations in terms of Min, Max, Percent and
dBV. This display can be activated by selecting the Min/Max/Deviation from the Tools
menue. For instance, testing a circuit bandwidth with an input of 1V RMS, activate the
Relative function with the frequency set to 100Hz, than sweep gradually the frequency,
and monitor the percent deviation as well as the dBV error and capture any response
anomalies with the Min/Max display. The left display indicates peaking of 2.468%
(0.21 dBV) and maximum peaking in the response of +56.24mV and a notch of –
10.79mV from the reference at 100Hz.
Rate Box Controls the SMX2040 reading rate. 0.1 rps to 1,000 rps can be set. As measurement rate increases, so
does the measurement noise. For best accuracy set to the lowest rate acceptable for the application. Also consider
the line frequency (50/60 Hz) of operation when setting reading rates, as certain reading rates have more noise
rejection at either 50 or 60 Hz. (See “Specifications” for details.) Generally, set the measurement rate to as low a
rate as practical for the application. When measuring RMS values, there is no point setting the measurement rate to
a value higher than 5 rps since the RMS circuitry has a settling time that is over a second. The capacitance and
inductance functions are not affected by rate setting.
Note on Measurement Rate: All three products are capable of continuous measurement as well as data transfer
rates of up to 1,000 rps. To achieve the 6-1/2 digit resolution and accuracy, the DMM should be operated at 10 rps
or slower. The maximum reading rate for 5-1/2 digits is 30 rps.
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Range Can be set to AutoRange or manual by clicking on the appropriate range in the lower part of the Windows
panel. Autoranging is best used for bench top application and is not recommended for an automated test
application due to the uncertainty of the DMM range, as well as the extra time for range changes. Locking a range is
highly recommended when operating in an automated test system, especially to speed up measurements. Another
reason to lock a range is to control the input impedance in DCV. The 330 mV and 3.3 V ranges have virtually
infinite input impedance, while the 33 V and 330 V ranges have 10 MΩ input impedance.
S_Cal This function is the System Calibration that corrects for internal gain, scale factor and zero errors. The
DMM does this by alternatively selecting its local DC reference and a zero input. It is required at least once every
day to meet the SMX2040 accuracy specifications. We recommend that you also perform this function whenever
the external environment changes (e.g. the temperature in your work environment changes by more than 5°C, or the
SMX2044 on board temperature sensor indicates more than a 5°C change). This function takes less than a few
seconds to perform. Disconnect all leads to the DMM before doing this operation. Keep in mind that this is not a
substitute for periodic calibration, which must be performed with external standards.
ClosedLoop This check box selection is used in conjunction with the AC and DC Voltage-Source functions of the
SMX2044. When checked, the DMM monitors the output level and continuously applies corrections to the output
level. When not checked, the DMM is a 12 bit source vs. 16 bits in the ClosedLoop mode.
OpenCal This check box selection is used in conjunction with inductance measurement. It is necessary to perform
Open Terminal Calibration using this control, prior to measuring inductance. This function characterizes both the
internal DMM circuitry as well as the probe cables. To perform OpenCal, attach the probe cables to the DMM,
leaving the other end of the probe cables open circuited. Then, activate the OpenCal button.
Sync With this check box selection is active, the DMM measurements are internally synchronized, which reduces
the measurement rate, but allows full scale input swings to be settled in single measurement.
Sources Panel There are three function buttons in the Source group (SMX2044 only). The V, I, LEAK buttons
select one of three source functions, Voltage (DC and AC), IDC and Leakage. The Sources Panel is automatically
enabled when one of the source functions is enabled. It can also be invoked using the Sources Panel selection under
the Tools menu. This panel allows the entry of values for all of the source functions, including Leakage.
The V-OUT Scroll bar and Text box are used to set
the Voltage for DC and AC Volts as well as for
Leakage. When sourcing ACV, the voltage is in RMS
and the FREQ. Scroll bar and Text box control the
frequency of the source. It is also used to control
inductance frequency. When sourcing DC current, use
the I-OUT set of controls. When measuring timing or
freqeuncy the THRESH set of controls is used for
comperator threshold. All of the source controls are
context sensitive and will be enabled when
appropriate.
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4.0 DMM Operations and Measurements
Most of the SMX2040 measurement functions are accessible from the Windows Control Panel (Figure above). All
of the functions are included in the Windows DLL driver library. To gain familiarity with the SMX2040 series
DMMs, run the Windows ‘SETUP.EXE’ to install the software, then run the DMM, as described in the previous
section. This section describes in detail the DMM’s operation and measurement practices for best performance.
4.1 Voltage Measurement
Measures from 0.1 µV to 300 VDC or 250 VAC. Use the V, Ω + and V, Ω - terminals, being certain to always leave
the I+, I- and DIN-7 terminals disconnected. Use the AC/DC button on the Control Panel to switch between AC and
DC.
Making Voltage Measurements is straightforward. The following tips will allow you to make the most accurate
voltage measurements.
4.1.1 DC Voltage Measurements
When making very low level DCV measurements (<100 µV), you should first short the DMM with a copper wire
shorting plug across the V, Ω + and V, Ω - terminals and perform the Relative function to eliminate zero errors
before making your measurements. A common source of error can come from your test leads, which can introduce
several µVolts of error due to thermal voltages. To minimize thermal voltaic effects after handling the test leads,
you should wait a few seconds before making measurements. Signametrics offers several high quality probes that
are optimal for low level measurements.
Note: The SMX2040 front panel powers up in DCV, 2 readings per second, 330 V range. If the DMM is operated in
Autorange, with an open input, you may hear the SMX2040 relays clicking every few seconds, as a range change
occurs. This is perfectly normal with ultra high impedance DMMs such as the SMX2040. This phenomenon is
caused by the virtually infinite input impedance of the 330 mV and 3.3 V DCV ranges. On these ranges, an open
input will read whatever charge is associated with the signal conditioning of the DMM. As this electrical charge
changes, the SMX2040 will change ranges, causing the relays to click. This is normal.
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4.1.2 True RMS AC Voltage Measurements
ACV is specified for signals greater than 1mV, from 10 Hz to 100 kHz. The ACV function is AC coupled, and
measures the true RMS value of the waveform. As with virtually all true-RMS measuring meters, the SMX2040
may not read a perfect zero with a shorted input. This is normal.
ACV measurements, if possible, should have the NEUTRAL or GROUND attached to the SMX2040 V,Ω terminal. See Figure 4-1, below. This prevents any “Common Mode” problems from occurring (Common Mode
refers to floating the SMX2040 V,Ω LO above Earth Ground.) Common Mode problems can result in noisy
readings, or even cause the computer to hang-up under high V x Hz input conditions. In many systems, grounding
the source to be measured at Earth Ground (being certain to avoid any ground loops) can give better results.
Figure 4-1. Make Voltage measurements with the source ground attached to the SMX2040 V,Ω - to
minimize “Common Mode” measurement problems.
4.1.3 AC Peak-to-Peak and Crest Factor Measurement (SMX2044)
Measurement of Peak-to-Peak, Crest Factor and AC Median values requires a repetitive waveform between 30 Hz
and 100 kHz. The DMM must be in AC voltage measurement mode, with the appropriate range selected. Knowing
the Peak-to-Peak value of the waveform is useful for setting the Threshold DAC (described below). This latter
function is a composite function, and may take over 10 seconds to perform.
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4.1.4 AC Median Value Measurement (SMX2044)
To better understand the usage of this function, you should note that the DMM makes all AC voltage measurements
through an internal DC blocking capacitor. The voltage is thus “AC coupled” to the DMM. The measurement of the
Median value of the AC voltage is a DC measurement performed on the AC coupled input signal. This measurement
returns the mid-point between the positive and negative peak of the waveform. The Median value is used for setting
the comparator threshold level for best counter sensitivity and noise immunity. (It is difficult to measure the
frequency of a low duty cycle, low amplitude AC signal since there is DC shift at the comparator input due to the
internal AC coupling. The SMX2044 overcome this problem by allowing you to set the comparator threshold level).
For further information on the usage of AC Median value and Peak-to-Peak measurements, and the Threshold DAC,
see the “Frequency and Timing Measurements” section below.
This function requires a repetitive signal. The DMM must be in AC voltage measurement mode, with the
appropriate range selected.
4.2 Current Measurements
The SMX2040, 42, 44 measure from 10 ηA to 2.5 A. Use the I, 4WΩ terminals, being certain to always leave the
V,Ω + & - terminals disconnected. Use the AC/DC button to switch between AC and DC.
The Current functions are protected with a 2.5 A, 250 V fuse.
Warning! Applying voltages > 35 V to the I+, I- inputs can cause personal injury and/or damage to your
DMM and computer! Think before applying any inputs to these terminals!
When making sensitive DC current measurements, be sure to use the Relative function to zero out any residual
errors of the SMX2040. This is easily accomplished by opening all inputs to the SMX2040 and performing Relative
in the appropriate DCI range.
Figure 4-2. AC and DC Current measurement connection.
4.2.1 Improving Current Measurements
When making sensitive DC current measurements, be sure to use the Relative function to zero out any residual
errors of the SMX2040. This is easily accomplished by disconnecting all terminals to the DMM and performing
Relative in the appropriate DCI range. Using the S-Cal (DMMCalibrate()) prior to activating Relative will
improve accuracy further. Although the SMX2040 family is designed to withstand up-to 2.5A indefinitely, be aware
that excessive heat may be generated when measuring higher AC or DC currents. If allowed to rise this heat may
adversely effect subsequent measurements. In consideration with this effect, it is recommended that whenever
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practical, higher current measurements be limited to short time. The lower two ranges of DC current may be
effected by relay contamination. If the measurements seem unstable or high, while in IDC measurement, apply
between 20mA and 50mA DC to the current terminals and clean the K2 relay using the DMMCleanRelay(0, 2,
200). Repeat this until the measurements are stable.
4.2.2 Low Level DC Current Measurements
For low level current measurements use the V, Ω+ and V, Ω- terminals. Using the 33V DCV range, the
SMX2040 can measure very low currents. This hidden measurement function is facilitated by the DMM’s low
leakage front-end and a virtual 10.0MΩ input resistance. With a typical offset error of less than 100µV in
this VDC range, it is practical to measure down to 20pA. The maximum current value that can be
measured has more to do with the user’s acceptable burden voltage (the voltage drop across the 10.0MΩ
shunt) then the DMM limitations. Assuming a maximum burden voltage of 3.3V the maximum current
level is 330ηA. This range is well within leakage measurements required in most semiconductor testing.
It is also a very quite and stable. Since the DMM does not have an explicit low current function, it is
necessary to calculate the current, which is equal to the measured voltage divided by 10.0MΩ.
4.2.3 Extended DC Current Measurements (SM2044)
The leakage measurement function can also be used to measure low-level currents. Using a relatively high value
shunt resistor and setting the leakage test voltage to 0V allows measurements of super low level currents, without
any burden voltage. Read the leakage current section of the manual for more details.
4.3 Resistance Measurements
Resistance is measured with one of eight (six in the SMX2040) precision current sources, with the DMM displaying
the resistance value. Most measurements can be made in the 2-wire mode. 4-wire ohms is used to make precision
low resistance measurements. All resistance measurement modes are susceptible to Thermo-Voltaic (Thermal EMF)
errors. See section section 4.3.5 for details.
4.3.1 2-wire Ohm Measurements
The DMM measure using 330Ω to 33 MΩ ranges. The SMX2042 and SMX2044 add 33 Ω and 330 MΩ ranges.
Use the V,Ω+, V,Ω- terminals, being certain to always disconnect the I+, I- terminals.
Most resistance measurements can be made using the simple 2-wire Ohms method. Simply connect V,Ω+ to one
end of the resistor, and the V,Ω- to the other end. If the resistor to be measured is less than 30 kΩ, you should null
out any lead resistance errors by first touching the V,Ω+ and V,Ω- test leads together and then performing a
Relative function. If making measurements above 300 kΩ, you should use shielded or twisted leads to minimize
noise pickup. This is especially true for measurements above 1 MΩ.
You may also want to control the Ohms current used in making resistance measurements. (See the Specifications
section, "Resistance, 2-wire and 4-wire", for a table of resistance range vs. current level.) All of the Ohms ranges of
the SMX2040 have enough current and voltage compliance to turn on diode junctions. For characterizing
semiconductor part types, use the Diode measurement function. To avoid turning on a semiconductor junction, you
may need to select a higher range (lower current). When checking semiconductor junctions, the DMM displays a
resistance value linearly related to the voltage across the junction.
For applications requiring resistance measurements higher than 330 MΩ, the Extended Resistance Measurement
method is available with the SMX2044.
4.3.2 4-wire Ohm Measurements
4-wire Ohms measurements are advantageous for making measurements below 330 kΩ, eliminating lead resistance
errors. The Voltage (V,Ω) Input terminals serve as the current “Source” (i.e. they provide the current stimulus in the
ohms measurement), and the I, 4WΩ Input terminals are the “Sense” inputs. The Source + and Sense + leads are
connected to one side of the resistor, and the Source - and Sense - leads are connected to the other side. Both Sense
leads should be closest to the body of the resistor. See Figure 4-3.
4-wire Ohm makes very repeatable low ohms measurements, from 100 µΩ (10 µΩ for SMX2042, 44) to 330 kΩ. It
is not not recommended to us 4WΩ when making measurements above 100 kΩ, although 4-wire ohms is allowed
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up to 330 kΩ. 4-wire measurements are disabled above 330 kΩ since the extra set of leads can actually degrade the
accuracy, due to additional leakage and noise paths.
Figure 4-3. The I- and I+ sense leads should be closest to the body of the resistor when making 4WΩ
measurements.
4.3.3 Using Offset Ohms function
Inadvertent parasitic leakage currents, Thermo voltaic voltages and other voltages in series can effect resistance
measurements with the measured resistance. This is common particularly when doing in-circuit measurements, and
it could manifest as having a significantly different readings when changing Ohms ranges. In addition to eliminating
such error, this function can also be used to measure internal resistance of low value voltage sources such as various
batteries and supplies. Use the normal 2-Wire or 4-Awire Ohms connection, and set the Offset Ohms to the enabled
or disabled state using the DMMSetOffsetOhms() function. When set TRUE, the measurement rate will be about
1/10th of the set DMM rate. Both negative and positive polarity voltages can be handled as long as the total voltage
including the Ohms source current times the measured resistance plus the parasitic voltage are less than 3.7V. To
calculate this voltage consult the specification part of this manual for the specific current for each Ohms range. The
default value of this function is FALSE. This function is implemented for the SMX2040, SMX2042 and SMX2044.
Due to it’s different hardware, the SMX2042 is different in that one of the DMM relays is being used to perform
this operation, which can be heard.
4.3.4 6-wire Guarded Resistance Measurement (SMX2044)
The SMX2044 provides a guarded 6-wire resistance measurement method. It is used to make resistance
measurements when the resistor-under-test has other shunting paths that can cause inaccurate readings. This method
isolates the resistor-under-test by maintaining a guard voltage at a user-defined node. The guard voltage prevents
the shunting of the DMM Ohms source current from the resistor-under-test to other components. The Guard Source
and Guard Sense terminals are provided at pins 1 and 6 of the DIN connector respectively.
Warning! The DIN connector pins are only protected to a maximum of 35 V with respect to the chassis or
any other DMM terminal. Do not apply any voltages greater than 35 V to the DIN connector pins. Violating
this limit may result in personal injury and/or permanent damage to the DMM.
Example: Assume a 30 kΩ resistor is in parallel with two resistors, a 510 Ω and a 220 Ω, connected in series. In a
normal resistance measurement, the 510 Ω and 220 Ω would shunt most of the DMM Ohms source current, causing
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an inaccurate reading. By sensing the voltage at the top of the 30 kΩ, and then applying this same voltage to the
junction of the 510 Ω and 220 Ω, there is no current flow through the shunting path. With this “guarding”, the
SMX2044 accurately measures the 30 kΩ resistor.
Figure 4-4. 6-wire guarded in-circuit ohms measurement configuration.
The current compliance of the Guard Force is limited to a maximum of 20 mA and is short-circuit protected. The
resistor connected between the low of the 4-wire terminals and the guard point is the burden resistor, or Rb. Due to
the limited guard source current, this resistor can not be lower than Rbmin: Rbmin = Io * Rx / 0.02, where Io is the
ohms source current for the selected range, and Rx is the resistance being measured. For example, selecting the 330
Ω range and measuring a 300 Ω resistor imposes a limit on Rb of at least 15 Ω or greater. Since the top burden
resistor, Ra, does not have this limit imposed on it, selecting the measurement polarity, Ra can become Rb and vise
versa. For cases where this limit is a problem, simply set the measurement polarity such that Ra is the higher of the
two burden resistors.
To measure values greater than 330 kΩ using the 6-wire guarded method, it is necessary to select the 2-wire ohms
function, and maintain the 6-wire connection as in Figure 4-4 above.
4.3.5 Leakage Measurements (SMX2044)
The SMX2044 measures leakage currents by applying a DC voltage across the load and measuring the current
through it. An external shunt resistor, RS is used to sense the current. See Figures 4-5 for connection. The DC
voltage at which leakage is measured is set using DMMSetDCVSource(), and the value of RS is entered using
DMMSetExternalShunt() (the default is 1 MΩ). Leakage current is read using DMMRead(), DMMReadStr() or
DMMReadNorm() functions. Depending on the value of RS and the leakage current, the test voltage may be set
between –10V and +10 V. Specifically; the maximum voltage is limited to 10.2V – (RS * IL). The leakage current
(IL) measurement range and accuracy depends on the shunt resistor being used. The range is set as 3.3V/RS, with
resolution of 10uV/RS. For instance, with RS equal to 1MΩ, the maximum leakage current is 3.3uA with resolution
of 10pA, and at full scale the maximum test voltage is 6.7V. The test voltage is adjusted whenever a measurement is
made. Therefore, if the leakage current being measured varies significantly over time, it is best to repeatedly read
the DMM allowing the DMM to make corrections to the internal source voltage, compensating for drop across the
shunt. Performing open terminal calibration will imrove the accuracy of this function (use
DMMOpenTerminalCal() with all terminals open). Refer to Figures 4-5. See section 2.6 for specifics. Setting
the source to closed loop mode, DMMSetSourceMode(), will improve the accuracy of the test voltage.
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Figure 4-5. Leakage Test Configuration. Measurement of reverse diode leakage at 3.3V.
4.3.6 Extended Resistance Measurements (SMX2044)
The Extended Resistance measurement function operates as complement of the standard resistance measurement.
Where the last forces a predefined current, this function forces specified voltage. Where the normal resistance
measurement is limited to pre defined current sources, this function has a variable voltage, and it limits current flow
by an external sense resistor. To perform this measurement use the connection diagram in Figure 4-6. Enter the
value of the sense resistor RS using DMMSetExternalShunt(), and set the test voltage with
DMMSetDCVSource(). Due to the availability of a much higher test voltage than the normal resistance function,
this function is fit for very high value resistance measurements. On the other hand, the ability to set to some low
voltages is significant in applications where specific test voltage is required such as to prevent semiconductor’s
turn-on, or prevent sensitive sensors’ damage due to access voltage or current. The DMM compensates for the
voltage drop across the sense resistor as to provide the specified test voltage. Each time the DMM makes a
measurement using DMMRead(), DMMReadStr() or the DMMReadNorm, it adjusts the test voltage. There are
several limitations that should be considered while using this function. The internal voltage source of the SM2044 is
limited to about +/-10.2V. Therefore the sum of the voltages across the sense resistor and the measured resistor is
limited to this amount. Also the maximum voltage allowed across the sense resistor is limited to 3.3V. Exceeding
either value will result in Over Range reading. The limit imposed by the shunt resistor may be expressed as VL/RX *
RS < 3.3V, where VL is the test voltage, RX is the resistance being measured, and RS is the external sense resistor
value. The source voltage limit may be expressed as VL(1+RS/RL) < 10.2V. Use the DMMSetExternalShunt() to
set the value of the external shunt being used. Use the DMMSetDCVSource() to set the test voltage (the voltage
across the resistor being measured). For high value resistances, the shunt should be of high value and vise versa.
This function is useful for testing high value resistive elements such as cables, transformers, and other leaky objects
such as printed circuit boards, connectors and semiconductors.
As an example, consider a 1.0MΩ shunt and a 4V test voltage. In this case, the lowest resistor one can measure will
be 1.2122MΩ. The shunt voltage VS is at its limit here since 1.0MΩ * 4V / 1.2122MΩ = 3.3V which is the limit for
VS. The source voltage limit is reached when VL is set to 8.5V and the measured resistance falls below 5.001MΩ
since 8.5V(1 + 1.0MΩ/5.001MΩ) = 10.2V.
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Figure 4-6. Extended Ohms range.
4.3.7 Effects of Thermo-Voltaic Offset
Resistance measurements are sensitive to Thermo-Voltaic (Thermal EMF) errors, which can be caused by poor test
leads, relay contacts and other elements in the measurement path. These errors effect all measurement methods,
including 2-Wire, 4-Wire, 6-Wire and 3-Wire (guarded 2-Wire ohms). To quantify this error, consider a system in
which signals are routed to the DMM via a relay multiplexing system. Many vendors of switching products do not
provide Thermal EMF specification. It is common to find relays that have more than 50 µV EMF. With several
relay contacts in the path, the error is very significant. It is possible to measure it using the SMX2040 330mV DC
range. To do this, close a single relay that is not connected to any load, wait for a short time (about 2 minutes), than
measure the voltage across the shorted relay contacts. Make sure to short the DMM leads and set ‘relative’ to clear
the DMM offset prior to the measurement. To calculate worst case error, count all relay contacts which are in series
with the measurement (V,Ω+, V,Ω- terminals in 2-Wire, and I+, I- terminals in 4-Wire mode). To calculate the
worst case error, multiply this count by the Thermal EMF voltage. Use Ohms law to convert this voltage to
resistance error as in the following table.
Resistance Measurement Errors due to Thermo-Voltaic offsets.
SM2042
Range
33 Ω
330 Ω
3.3 kΩ
33 kΩ
330 kΩ
3.3 MΩ
33 MΩ
330 MΩ
Ohms
Current
10 mA
1 mA
1 mA
100 uA
10 uA
1 uA
100 nA
10 nA
DMM
Resolution
10 µΩ
100 µΩ
1 mΩ
10 mΩ
100 mΩ
1Ω
100 Ω
10 kΩ
Error due to
10 µV EMF
1 mΩ
10 mΩ
10 mΩ
100 mΩ
1Ω
10 Ω
100 Ω
1 kΩ
Error due to
100 µV EMF
10 mΩ
100 mΩ
100 mΩ
1Ω
10 Ω
100 Ω
1 kΩ
10 kΩ
31
Error due to 1
mV EMF
100 mΩ
1Ω
1Ω
10 Ω
100 Ω
10 Ω
100 Ω
100 kΩ
Signametrics
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4.3.8 Guarding High Value Resistance Measurements (SMX2044)
Measuring high value resistors using the 2-Wire function require special attention. Due to the high impedances
involved during such measurements, noise pickup and leakage could be very significant. To improve this type of
measurement it is important to use good quality shielded cables with a low leakage dielectric. Even with a good
dielectric, if a significant length is involved, an error would result due to leakage. Figure 4.7 exemplifies this error
source. It is important to emphasize that in addition to the finite leakage associated with the distributed resistance,
RL, there must also be a voltage present between the two conductors, the shield and the center lead, for leakage
current to develop. Provided there was a way to eliminate this voltage, leakage would have been eliminated.
Figure 4-7. Error due to cable leakage.
The SM2044 provides an active guard signal that can be connected to the shield and prevent the leakage caused by
the dielectric’s finite resistance. With the shield voltage guarded with Vx, as indicated in Figure 4-8, there is 0V
between the shield and the high sense wire, and therefore no current flows through RL.
Figure 4-8. Guarding eliminates errors due to leakage associated with high resistance measurements.
4.4 RTD Temperature Measurement (SMX2044)
For temperature measurements, the SMX2044 measure and linearize RTDs. 4-wire RTD’s can be used by
selecting the appropriate RTD type. Any ice temperature resistance between 25 Ω and 10 kΩ can be set
for the platinum type RTDs. Copper RTDs can have ice temperature resistance values of 5 Ω to 200 Ω.
The highest accuracy is obtained from 4-wire devices, because the resistance of the test leads is nulled
out. The connection configuration for RTDs is identical to 4-wire Ohms.
4.5 Internal Temperature (SMX2044)
Signametrics
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A special on board temperature sensor allows monitoring of the DMM’s internal temperature. This provides the
means to determine when to run the self-calibration function (S-Cal) for the DMM, as well as predicting the
performance of the DMM under different operating conditions. When used properly, this measurement can enhance
the accuracy and stability of the DMM. It also allows monitoring of the chassis internal temperature, which is
important for checking other instruments.
4.6 Diode Characterization
The Diode measurement function is used for characterizing semiconductor part types. This function is designed to
display a semiconductor device’s forward or reverse voltage. The DMM measures diode voltage at a selected
current. The available source currents for diode I/V characterization include five DC current values; 100 ηA, 1 µA,
10 µA, 100 µA and 1 mA. The SMX2044 have an additional 10 mA range. The SMX2044 also has a variable
current source which can be used concurrently with DCV measurement (see “Source Current / Measure Voltage”).
This allows a variable current from 10 ηA to 12.5 mA. The maximum diode voltage compliance is approximately 4
V.
Applications include I/V characteristics of Diodes, LEDs, Low voltage Zener diodes, Band Gap devices, as well as
IC testing and polarity checking. Typical current level uncertainty for diode measurements is 1%, and typical
voltage uncertainty is 0.02%.
4.7 Capacitance Measurement (SMX2044)
The SMX2044 measure capacitance using a differential charge slew method, where variable currents are utilized to
produce a dv/dt across the capacitor. Use short high quality shielded probe cables with no more than 500 pF. With
the exception of the 10 ηF range, each of the ranges has a reading span from 5% of range to full scale. Capacitance
values less than 5% of the selected range indicate zero. Since some large value electrolytic capacitors have
significant inductance, as well as leakage and series resistance, the Autoranging function may not be practical.
Because Capacitance measurement is sensitive to noise, you should keep the measurement leads away from noise
sources such as computer monitors. For best measurement accuracy at low capacitance values, zero the DMM using
the ‘Relative’ while in the 10 ηF range. The effect of the cable quality and its total capacitance is significant
particularly on low value caps. For testing surface mount parts, use the optional Signametrics SMT Tweezer probes.
See Figure 4-9 for connection.
Figure 4-9. Measuring capacitors or inductors is best handled with shielded probe wires.
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4.8 In-Circuit Capacitance Measurement (SMX2044)
A second method provided for measuring capacitors is the AC based method. Though not as accurate as the above
function, the advantage of this method is that the default stimulus is set at 0.45V peak, which is lower than a
semiconductor junction on voltage. It may also be set over a wide range of voltages. A further advantage is the
ability of this function to measure capacitors that have a very low value parallel resistance, which is impossible to
do using conventional methods. This test function operates by figuring the complex impedance and extracting from
it both, the capacitance and resistance. The measurement is practical down to a few hundred Pico Farads, and up to
several thousands micro Farads, with parallel resistances as low as 20Ω to 300Ω depending on range. Once set to
this function, use DMMRead(), DMMReadStr() and DMMReadNorm() to measure the capacitance value. To get
the resistance value use DMMGetACCapsResist() following a read. Each of the ranges must be calibrated with
open terminals prior to making measurements. Each range must be calibrated. Do this by activating the AC-Caps
function, selecting the range to be calibrated and issuing DMMOpenCalACCaps(). The last function normalizes
the AC source signal. This open Calibration operation must be performed with the measurement cable or probes
plugged into the DMM, with the other end open. See figure 4-9 above for connection. If not modified by the
DMMSetACCapsLevel() function, when making a measurement the DMM uses a default voltage of 0.45Vpk,
which means that a sine wave that has a peak-to-peak amplitude of 0.9V. This level is used during both, open
calibration and measurements. Since the DMM is optimized for this value, and it is well below most semiconductors
On voltage, it is recommended not to change the level from this default value. The stimulus voltage can be set from
0.1V peak to 5V peak using the DMMSetACCapsLevel() function. Any time the stimulus level is adjusted; open
calibration must be carried out. The results of DMMOpenCalACCaps() are kept in memory until the DLL is
unloaded. Repeating Open calibration periodically will result in improved accuracy. AC Capacitance measurement
function must be used with a DMM reading rate of 10rps. Other functions of interest for this operations are
DMMSetACCapsDelay() and SetACCapsFreq().
4.9 Inductance Measurement (SMX2044)
The SMX2044 measures inductance using a precision AC source with a frequency range of 20 Hz to 75 kHz. Since
inductors can vary greatly with frequency, you should choose the appropriate generator frequency. In addition to
inductance, the inductor’s Q factor can be measured. A shielded, high quality cable is highly recommended. For
best accuracy, perform the Open Terminal Calibration function within an hour of inductance measurements. The
Open Terminal Calibration function must be performed with the cables plugged into the DMM, but with the other
end open circuited. This process characterizes the internal signal path inside the DMM, the open application cable,
and the DMM circuitry.
For best measurement accuracy at low inductance values, zero the DMM often by using the ‘Relative’ function with
the leads shorted. This must be done following Open Terminal Calibration operation. This Relative action measures
and removes the inductance of the DMM signal path including that of the application cable being used.
4.10 Characteristic Impedance Measurement (SMX2044)
To measure a transmission line’s characteristic impedance, measure the cable’s capacitance C (with the end of the
cable open) and then it’s inductance L (with the end of the cable shorted). The cable’s impedance equals the square
root of L/C. Be certain the cable is long enough such that both the capacitance and inductance are within the
specified measurement range of the SMX2044.
4.11 Trigger Operation
4.11.1 External Hardware Trigger
The Trigger functions provide for a stand-alone capture of measurements. The local controller supervises the
operation, and when conditions are valid, it captures data into its buffer, or sends it back to the PXI bus. The reading
rate must be set to 10 rps or higher. The External Trigger’s isolated high and low input lines are provided at pins 7
(+) and 4 (-), respectively, on the DIN connector located on the front panel of the instrument. You may abort the
External Trigger’s wait state using the Disarm command. It is important to note that the External Hardware Trigger
is Wire-Ored with the PXI triggers. Therefore, while using the External Trigger, the PXI trigger input line selected
(see section 4.11.4) must be at a low logic level (inactive). While using the PXI trigger inputs as the trigger source,
the External Hardware trigger must at a low logic level, or disconnected. Failing to do this will result in a disabeled
trigger. The PXI and External Hardware trigger software functions includes: DMMArmTrigger, which responds to
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positive edge, DMMSetBuffTrigRead, and DMMSetTrigRead have a selectable edge parameter. Read about
these functions in the Windows Command Language section (5.6) for details.
Warning! The DIN connector pins are only protected to a maximum of 30 V with respect to the chassis or
any other DMM terminal. Do not apply any voltages greater than 30 V to the DIN connector pins. Violating
this limit may result in personal injury and/or permanent damage to the DMM.
4.11.2 Analog Threshold Trigger
This mode triggers the DMM at a specific input level. A command to the DMM sets a threshold value and arms the
DMM Analog trigger. The DMM’s local controller waits for the level crossing and captures up to 64 readings,
which are saved on board; at the current DMM measurement function, range and rate. The reading rate must be set
to 10 rps or higher. You can abort this mode by sending the DMM a Disarm command to the Analog Trigger.
4.11.3 Software Issued Triggered Operations
There are several software trigger functions. They cause the DMM to make a single or multiple measurements, with
or without setteling readings. These include DMMSetBuffTrigRead, DMMSetTrigRead, DMMTrigger,
DMMBurstRead, and DMMBurstBuffRead. Read about these functions in the Windows Command Language
section (5.6) for details.
4.11.4 Using the PXI bus Trigger Facilities
The SMX2040 series of Digital Multimeters are designed to interface to the PXI J2 Triggers. That includes the
PXI_TRIG0 through PXI_TRIG6 and PXI_STAR trigger. The trigger to the DMM is a Wire-Ored function of the
external trigger from the DIN-7 connector, and the PXI_TRIGn input. The data ready signal from the SMX2040
series can be selected to drive PXI_TRIG1 through PXI_TRIG6 or PXI_STAR trigger. Read section 4.10.1 to
prevent Trigger input conflicts.
Figure 4-10. PXI Trigger input/output selection switch is located near PXI J2 connector towards the back
of the DMM.
4.11.4.1 PXI Trigger Outputs
The DMM issues a Data Ready pulse each time the A/D is done making a measurement, indicating data
is ready to be read. A short (about 140µs) negative pulse is issued for each measurement, with the
positive edge indicating data is ready. The Trigger output is selected using S4, S5, and S6 DIP switch
located near the PXI connector. The trigger pulse can be set to be output to any of the following lines.
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Switch Settings
S6 S5 S4
0 0 0
0 0 1
0 1 0
0 1 1
1 0 0
1 0 1
1 1 0
1 1 1
Trigger Output Routing
Disables trigger output
PXI_TRIG1
PXI_TRIG2
PXI_TRIG3
PXI_TRIG4
PXI_TRIG5
PXI_TRIG6
PXI_STAR
4.11.4.2 PXI Trigger Inputs
The trigger input to the DMM is the wired-ored signal of the trigger input from the DIN-7 connector and
the PXI bus trigger. Make sure that no signal is connected to the DIN-7 trigger input while the PXI trigger
is in use. When using the DIN-7 trigger input make sure the the trigger input select switches are set to
Disabled position, or the selected PXI Trigger input is at a logic low level. Read about the operation of the
External Hardware trigger in the above sections, since that operation pertains to both, the external and
the PXI trigger input operations. The Trigger input is selected using S1, S2, and S3 DIP switch located
near the J2 connector of the DMM. The DMM trigger input may be selected from any of the following
lines.
Switch Settings Trigger input Routing
S3 S2 S1
0 0 0
Disables trigger input *
0 0 1
PXI_TRIG1
0 1 0
PXI_TRIG2
0 1 1
PXI_TRIG3
1 0 0
PXI_TRIG4
1 0 1
PXI_TRIG5
1 1 0
PXI_TRIG6
1 1 1
PXI_STAR
* - Rev-B hardware and above.
4.12 Frequency and Timing Measurements (SMX2042, 44)
While the maximum RMS reading is limited to the set range, you can use most of the timing functions even if the
RMS voltage reading indicates Overrange. This is true as long as the input peak-to-peak value does not exceed 5.75
times the selected range ( 5.75 x 330 mV = 1.9 V p-p with the 330 mV range).
4.12.1 Threshold DAC
All timing measurements utilize the AC Voltage path, which is AC coupled. You need to select the appropriate
ACV range prior to using the various frequency and timing measurement functions. The SMX2044 have a novel
feature to accurately make these measurements for all waveforms. Unlike symmetrical waveforms such as a sine
wave and square wave, non-symmetrical waves may produce a non-zero DC average at the frequency counter’s
comparator input. Other DMMs have the comparator hard-wired to the zero crossing. The SMX2044 include a
bipolar, variable Threshold DAC for improved performance of these measurements. The Threshold DAC allows the
internal timing comparator to trigger at a specific DC level. Functions affected by the Threshold DAC include
frequency, period, pulse-width, duty-cycle, and the totalizer.
The Threshold DAC has 12 bits of resolution. Depending on the selected ACV range, this bipolar DAC can be set
from a few mV to effectively several hundred volts (referred to the input of the DMM), positive or negative. See the
Specifications sections for the limits of AC Median Value measurements and Threshold DAC settings.
The best setting of the Threshold DAC is based on the AC Median Value and Peak-to-Peak measurement described
earlier. For example, a 5 V logic signal with 10% duty cycle will result in median value of 2 V, whereas a 90% duty
cycle signal will have a –2 V median value. Setting the Threshold DAC to the appropriate median value will result
in reliable and accurate timing measurements in each case.
Signametrics
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Figure 4-11. AC coupled timing measurements with Threshold DAC.
With the 3.3 ACV range selected, a 10% duty-cycle square wave with 5 V peak-to-peak value, presents a
peak-to-peak signal at the internal measuring circuits of –0.5 V to + 4.5 V. The AC Median Value is
+2.0 V. By setting the Threshold DAC to the Median value, the internal measuring circuits are properly
biased for best performance.
Figure 4-12. Comparator and Threshold DAC Settings
4.12.2 Frequency and Period Measurements
Both Freq. and Per check boxes are only visible when ACV or ACI functions are selected. These check boxes are
used to make frequency or period measurements. Freq. measures from 1 Hz to 300 kHz. When activated, the
control panel alternately updates the amplitude reading followed by the frequency reading. The reading rate is
slower than indicated when frequency is activated. In the Windows control panel, period (Per) is also selectable.
Once the frequency range is acquired, Frequency and Period have a maximum measurement time of about 1 second.
It could take up to five measurements before the correct frequency range is auto-selected. This process is automatic.
Once within range, the next frequency measurement is made at the last selected range.
Both Frequency and Period measurement performance can be improved by properly setting the Threshold DAC, a
novel feature of the SMX2044. See “Threshold DAC”, “AC Median Value”, and “Peak-to-Peak” measurements for
further details.
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4.12.3 Duty Cycle Measurement
Duty Cycle of signals from 1 Hz to 100 kHz can be measured. The minimum positive or negative pulse width of
the signal must be at least greater than 2 µs. When measuring duty cycle precisely, the voltage at which the
measurement is made is important, due to finite slew rates of the signal. The Threshold voltage can be set for
precise control of the level at which duty cycle is measured. For best measurement results, set the Threshold DAC to
the Median value. This is particularly important for signals with low duty-cycle and small amplitude relative to the
selected scale.
4.12.4 Pulse Width
User selectable positive or negative pulse widths may be measured for signal frequencies of 1 Hz to 100 kHz and a
minimum pulse widths of 2 µs. The Threshold DAC feature allows measurements at a pre-defined signal level. See
Threshold DAC above for more details.
To measure pulse width, the DMM must be in the AC volts range appropriate for the input voltage. Keeping the
peak-to-peak amplitude of the measured signal below 5.75 times the set range will guarantee the signal is within the
linear region of the AC circuitry and gives the best performance.
4.12.5 Totalizer Event Counter
The totalizer can be selected while the DMM is in the ACV mode. It is capable of counting events such as overvoltage excursions, switch closures, decaying resonance count, etc. The active edge polarity can be set for a positive
or negative transition. A count of up to 109 can be accumulated. The maximum rate of accumulation is 30,000
events per second.
The Threshold DAC can be set for a negative or positive voltage value. See Threshold DAC above for more details.
Example One: To monitor and capture the AC line for positive spikes which exceed 10% of the nominal 120 V
RMS value, first select ACV 250 V range, than set the Threshold DAC to 186.7 V. This value is the peak value of
120 V RMS plus 10% (120V + 10%) X
times this value was exceeded.
2 ). Enable the Totalizer and read it periodically to get the number of
Example Two: Defects in coils, inductors, or transformers can be manifested as an increased decay, or greatly
attenuated resonance when stimulated with a charged capacitor. The Totalizer function can be utilized to count
transitions above a preset Threshold voltage as in the figure below.
Figure 4-13. Measuring inductor Q by counting transitions of decaying resonance with preset threshold.
Signametrics
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4.13 Sourcing Functions (SMX2044)
The SMX2044 adds a number of sourcing functions, giving greater versatility for a variety of applications. All of
the available sources, VDC, VAC, IDC, are isolated (floating with respect to the chassis). This allows sourcing with
a significant common mode voltage as well as the ability to connect several SMX2044 units in parallel for increased
DC current, or in series for increased DC voltage.
Two digital-to-analog converters (DACs) are used for the source functions, a 12 bit DAC, and a Trim DAC. The
last augments the 12 bit DAC to form a 16 bit composite DAC and adds an additional 8 bits of resolution. For
functions requiring high precision, use both DACs by selecting the ClosedLoop mode, otherwise only the 12 bit
DAC is utilized. DCI source is limited to the 12 bit DAC only.
All three source functions use the V,Ω+, and the V,Ω- terminals of the SMX2044.
4.13.1 DC Voltage Source
The SMX2044 has a fully isolated bipolar DC voltage source. Two modes of operation are available: fast settling or
closed loop. In the Closedloop mode the DMM monitors the voltage source output, and updates it using the
composite 16 bit DAC, at a rate proportional to the set measurement rate. The closedloop mode offers the best
accuracy and resolution. A 10 rps or lower measurement rate is recommended for the Closedloop mode. In the fast
settling mode, no adjustments are made and the 12 bit DAC is used. Up to ±10.0 V can be sourced, with 10 mA
maximum drive. The output source resistance of the DCV source is approximately 250 Ω.
Figure 4-14. Sourcing DC voltage. The figure indicates the internal monitoring of the output in closed loop
operation.
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4.13.2 AC Voltage Source
The AC voltage source is fully isolated. It has two modes of operation: fast settling or closed loop. In the
Closedloop mode, the source voltage is monitored, and corrections are made to the composite 16 bit DAC at a rate
proportional to the set measurement rate. A 10 rps or lower reading rate is recommended for the Closedloop mode.
The Closedloop mode offers the best accuracy. In the fast settling mode, the source voltage is monitored and can be
displayed, but no DAC adjustments are made. Both amplitude and frequency can be set. The frequency range is
2 Hz to 75 kHz, and the amplitude is up to 20 V peak-to-peak with 10 mA maximum peak current drive. The output
impedance is approximately 250 Ω.
Figure 4-15. Generating AC voltage. The figure indicates the internal monitoring of the output in closed
loop operation.
4.13.3 DC Current Source
The SMX2044 has a fully isolated unipolar DC current source with five ranges. It uses the 12 bit DAC to control
current level. This source function is useful for parametric component measurements as well as for system
verification and calibration, where a precise DC current is necessary to calibrate current sensing components.
For improved resolution of the current source, use the Trim DAC. It has to be set separately, since it is not included
in the calibration record, or the control software. Use DMMSetTrimDAC() command with a parameter of 0 to 100.
Further details are in Chapter 6.
4.13.4 Source Current - Measure Voltage
When sourcing current and measuring voltage, there are two connection configurations: 1) Four wire connection,
where the current sourcing terminals and the voltage sense terminals are connected to the load, as in 4-wire Ohms
measurement function; and 2) Two wire connection, where the current source terminals also serve as voltage sense
probes as in the 2-wire Ohms measurement configuration. The first method eliminates lead resistance errors. One
application is in semiconductor diode characterization discussed in Component Testing above. See Current Source
Output for range details. Voltage compliance is limited to 4 V in both configurations.
Signametrics
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Figure 4-16. Sourcing DC current and measuring voltage in the two wire configuration. This function can
be used for semiconductor parametric tests.
4.14 Synthesizing Resistance (SMX2044)
The SM2044 synthesizes resistance using an iterative method, which requires repeated reading of the DMM to
make corrections to the synthesized value. While in synthesizing resistance, the readings return the measured value.
There are two basic circuit types into which resistance is synthesized; current source, such as the resistance function
of another Multimeter, and voltage divider type load, as in a voltage divider circuit, where one of the two resistors
in the network is being synthesized as in Figure 4-16. When synthesizing a resistance into a current source, it is
important to consider its compliance voltage limits. For instance, a DMM’s 20k Ohms range will typically sources
100uA, and have a compliance limit of 2.5V. This means that the DMM current source does not behave as a current
source when the voltage at its terminals is allowed to exceed 2.5V. Therefore synthesizing a resistance value
greater than 25kΩ (2.5V/100uA) will result in the SM2044 indicating an unstable reading.
For improved accuracy, perform open terminal calibration by using the DMMOpenTerminalCal() function with all
terminals are open.
The following are limits that must be observed while synthesizing resistances:
Limitations synthesizing into current source:
1) The maximum load current, IS, is 10mA or 3.3/RS whichever is smaller. RS is the external resistor.
2) The maximum value that can be synthesized is 6.7/IS – 220 or VC/IS, whichever is smaller. VC is the current
source compliance voltage.
3) Resistance settings resolution equals 0.1mV/ IS. This means that with a source current of 1uA the resolution
is 100Ω.
Limitations synthesizing into a voltage divider:
1) The maximum current the SM2044 can provide to the load is 10mA or 3.3/RS , or (10 – Vx) / (Rx + Rs +
220), whichever is smaller. RS is the external resistor.
2) The approximate value that can be synthesized is between 0.1 * Rs to about 100 * Rs
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Selecting the appropriate external resistor is very important. It sets the accuracy and range of the synthesized value.
Functions associated with the synthesis of resistance include DMMSetExternalShunt(), which sets the value of the
external shunt, and DMMSetResistance(), which control the value to be synthesized. The external resistor should
be 100Ω to 10MΩ. Set the measurement to 10 or higher. 20rps is optimal. The Closed loop flag does not have an
effect on this function. Reselecting the function, or resetting the value has the effect of restarting the synthesis
process. This will speed up the acquisition time when condition change.
Figure 4-17. Synthesizing resistance into a voltage divider circuit.
Figure 4-18. Synthesizing resistance into a current source.
4.15 Interfacing to the SMX4032 series Relay Scanners
The SMX2040 series of Digital Multimeters are designed to interface to the SM4000 series relay scanners. The
following section describes both, the hardware interface and the software functions required to implement a
synchronized operation.
4.15.1 Triggering the SMX2040 DMMs
The SMX2040 series can accept a hardware trigger from many sources, including the SM4000 scanners. The latter
can be setup to trigger a measurement any time the scanner selects a new channel. The interface requires a single
jumper between the SM4000 Trig_com and Common lines, and a connection between the SM4000 +5V and
TRIG_out to the SMX2040 Trigger inputs. The various SMX4032 auto scanning operations can run independently
Signametrics
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from the computer, whereby the Scanner selects channels from its Scan List table, and the DMM is triggered to take
measurements following each channel selection.
Figure 4-19. Trigger interfacing to an SMX2040 class of DMMs.
4.15.2 Multiplexing with the SMX2040 DMMs
For two wire measurements, the SMX2040 DMM must be connected to the A-Bus or the scanner, or to both, the ABus and C-Bus for 4-Wire measurements (assuming an SM4040 or SM4042 scanner). It is important to consider
system settling time when making measurements. Time delays exist in any measurement system. These delays are
contributed by various sources. These include the scanner’s relay actuation times, the DMM input settling and
wiring capacitance. The latter will varies with the type of measurement. For instance, when making high value
Ohms measurements the DMM current source level could contribute significant delay due to the capacitance charge
time. For example, with 1,000pf cable capacitance, the source current of the SMX2044 DMM using the 33MΩ
range, is 0.1µA which translates to 33ms (dt = C*dV/I). It is also recommended to set the appropriate number of
settling measurements for the DMM (a minimum of 4 is recommended regardless of measurement rate).
4.15.3 Interface Commands and Timing
The sequence requiring the SMX2040 DMM to make triggered measurements generated by the SMX4032 starts
with the preparation of the SMX4032. Set the SMX4032 desired configuration, with Trigger Output enabled and
positive polarity. Each channel selection will generate a positive pulse with duration equal to the actuation time.
This could be generated by one of the scanning. The SMX2040 must be set up for triggered readings by using the
DMMSetTrigRead() command. In the following VisualBasic® example, the SMX2040 sends readings during the
scan. Since it’s on board FIFO is limited to 5 readings, and the DMM must continue to send all readings during the
scan, it is important to have a tight loop that reads the measurements fast enough so that no overrun error occurs.
Refer to Figure 4-13 for proper trigger connection.
SCANTriggerOutState(nScan, Enabled, PosEdge)
// Set trigger output to Positive edge.
nReadings = 100
// Total number of measurements to take
DMMSetTrigRead(nDmm, 4, nReadings, NegEdge)
// Total of 100 readings and 4 settling readings
SCANAutoScan(nScan, nSteps)
// Start auto scan
For I = 0 to nReadings -1
// read values as they come
while(DMMReadMeasurement(nDmm, reading) = NO // wait for each reading and store it
Next
SCANOpenAllChannels(nScan)
// Good idea to open all channels when done
Figure 4-20. Triggered reading process and timing of SM4042 Scanner and an SMX2044 DMMs.
Unlike the previous example, DMMSetBuffTrigRead() is not time critical since the DMM saves all
measurements to it’s on-board buffer, which is read after the scan is complete. However, this function
is limited to a maximum of 64 readings per scan.
SCANTriggerOutState(nScan, Enabled, PosEdge)
nReadings = 50
‘ Set trigger output to Positive edge.
‘ Total number of measurements to take
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DMMSetBuffTrigRead(nDmm, 4, nReadings, NegEdge)
SCANAutoScan(nScan, nSteps)
While DMMReady(nDmm) = NO
Wend
For I = 0 to nReadings -1
while(DMMReadBuffer(nDmm, reading(I))
Next
SCANOpenAllChannels(nScan)
While SCANReady(nScan) = NO
DoEvents
Wend
‘ Use 4 settling readings each
‘ Set off AutoScan
‘ wait for the DMM to indicate completion
‘ read values stored in the buffer
‘ Store each reading
‘ Good idea to open all channels when done
‘ Since AutoScan is a polled operation,
' Make sure Scanner is ready
There are several SMX2040 family commands to considered for this operation:
DMMSetTrigRead(), DMMSetBuffTrigRead(), DMMReadMeasurement(), DMMReady(),
DMMReadBuffer() and DMMReadBufferStr().
Referring to figure 4.20, the total time it takes the DMM make a reading must be set to be shorter
than t-Delay, for completion of the measurements prior to the selection of the next channel.
Signametrics
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5.0 SMX2040 DMM Windows Interface
5.1 Distribution Files
The main directory of the distribution diskette contains the Microsoft® Windows™ SMX2040 DMM software.
Before installing the DMM or software, read the “Quick Install” page carefully. To install this software, enter the
command "A:SETUP" in the "Run Program" menu of the Windows File Manager; or double-click on the
SETUP.EXE file name from the File Explorer Tool Manager window. Most files on this diskette are compressed,
and must be installed using the SETUP program.
The SMX2040 DLL is a protected-mode Microsoft® Windows™ DLL that will control the Signametrics DMM. It
is provided with a sample Visual Basic™ front-panel application to demonstrate the DMM and the interface to the
DLL. Check the README.TXT file for more information about the files contained on the diskette. Some important
files to note are:
File
Description
SM40CAL.DAT
Configuration file containing calibration information for each DMM.
Do not write into this file unless you are performing an external
calibration! This file is normally placed at the C:\ root directory by the
setup program, and should be left there. It may contain calibration
records for several DMMs.
SM204032.LIB
The Windows import library. Install in a directory pointed to by your
LIB environment variable.
SM204032.DEF
SMX2040 driver DLL module definition file.
SM204032.DLL
The 32 bit driver DLL. This should be installed either in your working
directory, in the Windows system directory, or in a directory on your
PATH. The installation program installs this file in your Windows
system directory (usually C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM for Win98/95 or
at C:\WINNT\SYSTEM32 for Windows NT).
SM204032.H
Driver header file. Contains the definitions of all the DMM’s function
prototypes for the DLL, constant definitions, and error codes. Install in
a directory pointed to by your INCLUDE environment variable.
UserDMM.H
Header file containing all of the necessary DMM’s function, range, rate
definitions to be used with the various measure and source functions.
Msvbvm50.dll
Visual Basic run-time interpreter. Usually, install in your
C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM (or equivalent) directory. If it is not already
installed, run Msvbvm50.exe for proper extraction and registration.
SM2044.vbw
Visual Basic project file
SM2044.frx
Visual Basic binary form file
SM2044.frm
Visual Basic file with main form
SM2044.vbp
Visual Basic project file
File
Description
2044glbl.bas
Visual Basic file with all global DMM declarations
45
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SM2044.exe
Visual Basic DMM control panel executable
Msvcrt.dll
System file. Installs in your C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM directory.
Windrvr.vxd
Win98/95 Virtual Device Driver. Installs by ‘setup’ in your
C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM\VMM32 directory.
Windrvr.sys
Win NT Virtual Device Driver. Installs by ‘setup’ in your
C:\WINNT\SYSTEM32\DRIVERS directory.
Install.doc
Installation instructions in MS Word
5.1.1 The SM40CAL.DAT file
The SM40CAL.DAT file contains calibration information for the specific DMM is it included. It determines the
overall analog performance for that DMM. You must not alter this file unless you are performing an external
calibration of the DMM. This file may contain multiple records for more than one DMM. Each record starts with a
header line, followed by calibration data.
card_id 10123 type 2044 calibration_date 06/15/1999 ; The identification should match the last digits of the SN.
ad
; A/D compensation
72.0
20.0
vdc
; VDC 330mV, 3.3V, 33V, 330V ranges. 1st entry is Offset the 2nd is gain parameters
-386.0 0.99961
-37.0 .999991
-83.0 0.999795
-8.8 1.00015
vac
; VAC 1st line - DC offset. Subsequent lines: 1st entry is Offset the 2nd is gain, 3rd freq. comp
5.303
; starting with the 330mV range, and last line is for the 250V range.
0.84
1.015461
23
0.0043
1.0256
23
0.0
1.02205
0
0.0
1.031386
0
idc
; IDC 3.3mA to 2.5A ranges. 1st entry is offset, 2nd is gain parameter
-1450.0 1.00103
-176.0 1.00602
-1450.0 1.00482
-176.0 1.0
iac
; IAC 3.3mA to 2.5A ranges, offset and gain
1.6 1.02402
0.0 1.03357
1.69 1.00513
0.0 1.0142
2w-ohm ; Ohms 33, 330, 3.3k,...,330Meg ranges, offset and gain
12700.0
1.002259
;in the SMX2040, the 1st and last lines are placeholders
1256.0
1.002307
110.0
1.002665
0.0
1.006304
0.0
1.003066
0.0
1.001848
0.995664
0.0
0.0
1.00030
…
.
.
The first line identifies the DMM and the calibration date. The "card-id" is stored in ROM on each DMM. During
initialization the driver reads information from the DMM hardware such as serial number, DMM type, and allocated
I/O space. Next it reads the corresponding calibration information from the SM40CAL.DAT file and makes sure
there is compatibility between the hardware, the calibration recod and the software. If all is checked OK, it initialize
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the DMM hardware. DMMInit accepts the name and location of the calibration file. A qualified technician may
modify individual entries in the calibration file, then reload them using the DMMLoadCalFile command.
5.2 Using the SMX2040 Driver With C++ or Similar Software
Install the SM204032.H and UserDMM.H header file in a directory that will be searched by your C/C++ compiler
for header files. This header file is known to work with Microsoft Visual C++™. To compile using Borland, you
will need to convert the SM204032.DEF and SM204032.LIB using ImpDef.exe and ImpLib.exe, provided with
the compiler.. Install SM204032.LIB in a directory that will be searched by the linker for import libraries. The
SMX2040 software must be installed prior to running any executable code. Install the SM204032.DLL in a location
where either your program will do a LoadLibrary call to load it, or on the PATH so that Windows will load the
DLL automatically.
In using the SMX2040 driver, first call DMMInit to read the calibration information. Call DMMSetFunction to set
the DMM function. The DMM function constants are defined in the UserDMM.H header file, and have names that
clearly indicate the function they invoke. Use DMMSetRate to set the reading rate defined in the header file.
Two functions are provided to return DMM readings. DMMRead returns the next reading as a scaled doubleprecision (double) result, and DMMReadStr returns the next reading as a formatted string ready to be displayed.
All functions accept a DMM-number parameter, which must be set to the value nDmm, which was returned by
DMMInit() function. For multiple DMMs this value will be 0,1,2..n. Most functions return an error code which can
be retrieved as a string using DMMErrStr().
Multiple Card Operations Under Windows
Single .EXE operation
Accessing multiple DMMs from a single executable is the most common way for running up to 10 DMMs using the
Windows DLL. A combination of several SMX2040s and SMX2044s can be controlled, as long as the single .EXE
(Thread) is used to control all of the units. Make sure that prior to issuing commands to any DMM, it is initialized
using DMMInit(). The nDmm parameter is passed with each DLL command to define the DMM to be accessed.
Since this configuration utilizes the DLL to service all DMMs, it must handle a single reading or control command
one at a time. For example, when one DMM reads DCV, and another reads Capacitance, the DLL must finish
reading the DCV before it will proceed to take a Capacitance reading. Being a relatively slow measurement,
Capacitance will dictate the measurement throughput. For improved performance, one can use the following:
Multiple .EXE operation
By having several copies of SM204032.DLL, and renaming them, you can run multiple DMMs with separate
executables. For instance, having a copy named SM204032A.DLL in C:\windows\system (Win98/95), and having
two executable files, MultiExe0.exe and MultiExe1.exe, each of the executables will run independently, making
calls to the respective DLL. This can provide an execution throughput advantage over the method mentioned above.
If using VisualBasic, the MultiExe.exe source code should define nDmm = 0, and MultiExe1.exe should define
nDmm = 1. In addition, the first should declare the SM204032.DLL and the second should declare
SM204432.DLL:
MultiExe0.exe VB function declarations:
Declare Function DMMInit Lib "sm204032.dll" (ByVal calFile As String) As Long
Declare Function DMMRead Lib "sm204032.dll" (ByVal nDmm As Long, dResult As Double) As Long
NDmm = 0
MultiExe1.exe VB function declarations:
Declare Function DMMInit Lib "sm20432A.dll" (ByVal calFile As String) As Long
Declare Function DMMRead Lib "sm20432A.dll" (ByVal nDmm As Long, dResult As Double) As Long
NDmm = 1
/***********************************************************************
* Exmp2040.C Exmp2040.EXE
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*
* A simple Windows .EXE example for demonstrating the SMX2040,44
* DMMs using "C"
* Sets Function to VDC, Range to 33V, rate to 10rps.
* Display five measurements using a Message box.
***********************************************************************
* Make sure SM204032.lib is included in the libraries. For Microsoft
* Version 4.0 C++ and above, place under 'Source Files' in the
* Workspace, along side with Exmp2040.c
* PROJECT SETTINGS:
*
* /nologo /ML /W3 /GX /O2 /D "WIN32" /D "NDEBUG" /D "_CONSOLE" /D "_MBCS"
* /FR"Release/" /Fp"Release/Exmp2040.pch" /YX /Fo"Release/" /Fd"Release/" /FD /c
*
* Copy both SM204032.DLL and SM204032.LIB to the project directory.
*
***********************************************************************/
// #define WINAPI __stdcall
#include <windows.h>
#include <string.h>
#ifdef _Windows
#define _WINDOWS
#endif
#include "sm204032.h"
// functions declarations and error codes.
#include "UserDMM.h"
// All functions, range and rate info and function declarations.
int main(void){
int I, nDmm = 0;
// Address first DMM in the system
char Read[16];
char strMsg[256];
i = DMMInit(nDmm,"C:\\sm40cal.dat");
// initialize SMX2044, and read calibration file
if(i<0)
MessageBox(0,"Initialization ERROR !", "Startup SM204032 DLL",MB_OK);
// Error
DMMSetFunction(nDmm,VDC);
// Set to DCV function
DMMSetRange(nDmm,_30V);
// and to 33V range
DMMSetRate(nDmm,RATE_10);
// 60 samples per sec
strcpy(strMsg,"");
// Clear string store
for(i=1; i<= 5; i++){
// take 5 readings
DMMReadStr(nDmm, Read);
// read
strcat(strMsg,Read);
// Append each reading
strcat(strMsg," ");
// insert space between readings
}
MessageBox(0,strMsg, "SM204032.DLL Read Resistance & VDC",MB_OK);
// Show readings
return 0L;
}
5.3 Visual Basic Front Panel Application
The Visual Basic front panel application, SM2044.EXE, is an interactive control panel for the SMX2040 DMM.
During loading, which takes a few seconds, it initializes and self calibrates the hardware before the front panel is
displayed.
The push buttons labeled V, I, etc. control the DMM function. As you push a function, the front panel application
will switch the DMM to the selected range and function. Autorange mode is selected by pushing the AutoRange
check box. The S-Cal box recalibrates the DMM, leaving the DMM in the same state prior to operation. (This is an
internal calibration only. It is different from the external calibration, which uses external standards and writes to the
SM40CAL.DAT file. S-Cal is used to correct for any internal offset and gain drifts due to changes in operating
temperature).
The freq. and per check boxes are context sensitive and appear in ACV and ACI. When freq. is enabled, the
frequency and amplitude are shown at the same time. In this mode, the reading rate is slower than indicated. When
per is enabled, the period is shown. The SMX2044 panel has additional capabilities, which are disabled if an
SMX2040 is detected.
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The source code file GLOBAL.BAS (in the V_BASIC directory of the distribution diskette) contains the function
declarations and the various ranges, rates and other parameters, which are required. These definitions are the
duplicates of the “C” header files required to write Visual Basic applications which interact with the driver DLL,
along with some global variables required for this particular front-panel application.
5.3.1 Visual Basic Simple Application
The following is a simple panel application for VisualBasic that includes two files, Global.Bas and
SimplePanel.frm. It has a panel that contains two objects; a Text Box to display the DMM readings, and a
Command Button that acts as a reading trigger.
Global.bas module file contents:
Option Explicit
' Declare all functions we are going to be using: From SM204032.H file.
Declare Function DMMInit Lib "sm204032.dll" (ByVal nDmm as long, ByVal calFile As String) As Long
Declare Function DMMSetRate Lib "sm204032.dll" (ByVal nDmm As Long, ByVal nRate As Long) As Long
Declare Function DMMSetFunction Lib "sm204032.dll" (ByVal nDmm As Long, ByVal nFunc As Long) As Long
Declare Function DMMSetRange Lib "sm204032.dll" (ByVal nDmm As Long, ByVal nRange As Long) As Long
Declare Function DMMRead Lib "sm204032.dll" (ByVal nDmm As Long, dResult As Double) As Long
' Definitions from UserDMM.H
' for DMMSetFunction()
Global Const VDCFunc = 0
Global Const VACFunc = 4
Global Const Ohm2Func = 21
Global nDmm as Long
' for DMMSetRange()
Global Const Range0 = 0
Global Const Range1 = 1
Global Const Range2 = 2
Global Const Range3 = 3
'for DMMSetRate(): Reading rates
Global Const RATE_5 = 5 '5 rps
Global Const RATE_10 = 10 '10 rps
Global Const RATE_30 = 30
'Global variables
Global nDmm As Long
' Global store for the DMM number
SimplePanel.frm Form file contents:
Private Sub Form_Load()
'Fomr_Load allways gets executed first.
Dim i As Long
nDmm = 0
‘Set to first DMM in the system
i = DMMInit(nDmm,"C:\sm40cal.dat") 'Initialize and load cal file
i = DMMSetFunction(nDmm, VDCFunc) 'Set DMM to DCV function
i = DMMSetRange(nDmm, Range2)
'Select the 33V range
i = DMMSetRate(nDmm, RATE_10)
'Set measurement rate to 10 rps
End Sub
Private Sub ReadBotton_Click()
Dim i As Long
Dim dReading As Double
i = DMMRead(nDmm, dReading)
TextReading.Text = dReading
End Sub
'Read Botton Click action.
'Any time this botton is pressed
'the DMM takes a reading and displays it.
'Take a reading
'display it in a Text box.
5.4 Windows DLL Default Modes and Parameters
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After initialization, the Windows DLL default modes and parameters on your DMM are set up as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Autoranging: Off
Function: DC Volts
Range: 330V
Relative: Off
Synchronized Mode: Off
Measurement rate: 10 rps
Temperature units are set to °C
Offset Ohms: Off
AC Caps level: 0.45V Peak.
5.5 Using the SMX2040 DLL with LabWindows/CVI®
When using the SMX2040 DLL with LabWindows/CVI, you should read the LabWin.txt file included with the
software diskette.
An example application of SMX2040 DLL calls from LabWindows/CVI ® is shown below. It
contains functions measure_ohms() and measure_vdc(), with sample calls to the SMX2040.
NOTE: Although these measurement functions use LabWindows/CVI® and the LabWindows/CVI(R)
Test Executive, they are not necessarily coded to LabWindows® instrument driver standards.
/* function: measure_ohms, purpose: measure 2-wire ohms */
int measure_ohms(double OHMreading) {
short ret, i;
DMMSetFunctions (0, OHMS2W);
DMMSetAutoRange (0, TRUE);
/* to settle auto-range and function changes ignore three readings */
for( i = 0 ; i < 4 ; i++ ) ret = DMMReadNorm (0, & OHMreading);
return ret;
}
/* function: measure_vdc, purpose: measure DC Volts */
int measure_vdc(double Vreading) {
short ret, i;
DMMSetFunctions (0, VDC);
DMMSetAutoRange (0, TRUE);
/* to settle auto-range and function changes ignore three readings */
for( i = 0 ; i < 4 ; i++ ) ret = DMMReadNorm (0, &Vreading);
return ret;
}
Signametrics
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5.6 Windows Command Language
The following section contains detailed descriptions of each function of the Windows command language. Those
commands that pertain to only the SM2040 are indicated. Most functions return an error code. The code can either
be retrieved as a string using DMMErrString function, or looked up in the SM204032.H header file. The
UserDMM.H file contains all the pertinent definitions for the DMM ranges functions etc. The following description
for the various functions is based on “C” function declarations. Keep in mind that the Windows DLL containing
these functions assumes all int values to be windows 32bit integers (corresponds to VisualBasic long type). TRUE
is 1 and FALSE is 0 (which is also different from VisualBasic where True is –1 and False is 0).
DMMArmAnalogTrigger
SMX2040 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Arm DMM for analog level trigger operation.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMArmAnalogTrigger(int nDmm, int iSamples, double FAR *dThresh)
Remarks
This function is usable for VDC, VAC, Ohms, IAC, and IDC. Setup the SMX2040 for
analog level trigger operation. Following reception of this command the DMM makes
measurements continuously, waiting for a value which exceeds the threshold, dThresh.
When this occurs, a trigger is produced with identical processing as in
DMMArmTrigger. Threshold crossing sense is determined by the first measurement
following the call of DMMArmAnalogTrigger. If that measurement is lower than the
set threshold, dThresh, subsequent measurements greater than dThresh will trigger the
DMM. If the first measurement is greater than dThresh, subsequent measurements
smaller than dThresh will trigger. For example, if dThresh is 2.00000 V and the first
reading after arming the DMM is 2.500000 V, then 1.999999 V (or smaller) will trigger
the DMM. On the other hand, if dThresh is 1.000000 V and the first reading after arming
the DMM is 0.500000 V, then 1.000001 V (or greater) will trigger the DMM.
The dThresh value is in base units, and must be within the DMM range setting. For
example, in the 330 mV range, dThresh must be within -0.330000 and +0.330000. In the
33 kΩ, range dThresh must be between 0.0 and 33.0e3.
Following an analog level trigger event, the DMM makes iSamples readings at the set
function, range, and reading rate, and stores them in an internal buffer. Autoranging is
not allowed when using DMMAnalogTrigger. Between the time the
DMMArmAnalogTrigger is issued and the time the buffer is read, no other command
should be sent to the DMM. One exception is the DMMDisArmTrigger command.
Use the DMMReady to monitor when the DMM is ready. When ready, you can
read up-to iSamples, using DMMReadBuffer or DMMReadBufferStr
functions. Once DMMReady returns TRUE, it should not be used again prior to
reading the buffer, since it prepares the buffer for reading when it detects a ready
condition.
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Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iSamples
int The number of samples the DMM takes following a trigger pulse.
This number must be between 1 and 64, inclusive.
dThresh
double FAR Analog level trigger threshold value
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative value
Error code.
Example
double Buffer[64];
DMMArmAnalogTrigger(0,64,1.5);
while( ! DMMReady(0));
for(i=0; i < 64 ; i++)
Buffer[i] = DMMReadBuffer(0);
DMMArmTrigger
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Arm DMM for external trigger operation.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMArmTrigger(int nDmm, int iSamples)
Remarks
Setup the SMX2040 for external hardware trigger operation. Following reception of this
command, the DMM enters a wait state. After reception of an external trigger pulse, the
DMM makes iSamples readings at the set function, range, and reading rate; and stores
them in an internal buffer. No autoranging is allowed for external trigger operation.
Between the time the DMMArmTrigger is issued and the time the buffer is read, no
other command should be sent to the DMM. One exception is the DMMDisarmTrigger
command. This function is usable for VDC, VAC, Ohms, IAC and IDC
Use the DMMReady to monitor when the DMM is ready (following trigger and the
reading of iSamples). When ready, you can read up to iSamples, using
DMMReadBuffer or DMMReadBufferStr functions. Once DMMReady returns
TRUE, it should not be used again prior to reading the buffer, since it prepares the buffer
for reading when it detects a ready condition.
Return Value
Signametrics
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iSamples
int The number of samples the DMM takes following a trigger pulse.
This number must be between 1 and 64, inclusive.
The return value is one of the following constants.
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Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative Value
Error code.
Example
double Buffer[64];
DMMArmTrigger(0,64);
while( ! DMMReady(0));
for(i=0; i < 64 ; i++)
Buffer[i] = DMMReadBuffer(0);
DMMBurstBuffRead
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Setup the DMM for Triggered operation.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMBurstBuffRead(int nDmm, int iSettle, int iSamples)
Remarks
Following reception of this command the DMM enters a burst read mode, where it takes
iSettle + 1 readings at the set measurement function, range, and reading rate; and saves
the last reading to the on-board buffer. This process repeats for iSamples. No other DMM
command should be issued to the DMM until the it completes the operation, and the
buffer is read. One exception is the DMMDisarmTrigger command, which terminates
the process. No autoranging is allowed in this mode. This function is usable for VDC,
VAC, Ohms, IAC, IDC, and RTD measurements. Measurement rate should be set to
10rps or higher. The total time it takes to complete this process is equal to iSamples * (
iSettle + 1) / (measurement rate).
Use the DMMReady to monitor if the has completed the operation, and is ready. When
ready, read up to iSamples, using DMMReadBuffer or DMMReadBufferStr functions.
Once DMMReady returns TRUE, it should not be used again until the buffer is read,
since it clears some flags in preparation for buffer reading when it detects a ready
condition.
Parameter
Type/Description
iDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iSettle
int The number of settling measurements prior to read value. Must be
set between 0 and 250. Recommended value is 4.
iSamples
int The number of samples the DMM takes following the same
number of trigger pulses. This number must be between 1 and 64,
inclusive.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative Value
Error code.
double Buffer[50];
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DMMBurstBuffRead(0, 4, 50); // 4 settling readings for each
// measurement, and take 50 readings
// wait for completion
while( ! DMMReady(0) );
for(i=0; i < 50 ; i++)
// read 64 readings from DMM’s
// on-board buffer
Buffer[i] = DMMReadBuffer(0);
DMMBurstRead
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Setup the DMM for multiple readings operation, sending back measurements as they
come.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMBurstRead(int nDmm, int iSettle, int iSamples)
Remarks
Set the DMM to take multiple measurements, sending readings back to the computer.
This function is similar to the DMMSetTrigRead function, with the exception that it
does not wait for a hardware trigger to start making measurements. Following reception
of this command the DMM enters a burst read mode, where it takes iSettle + 1 readings
at the set measurement function, range, and reading rate; and sends the last reading to the
computer. This process repeats for iSamples. Following the issue of this command, and
until iSampels measurements are read, it is necessary to read the samples from the DMM
using the DMMReadMeasurement command as fast as they become available. This
will prevent an Overrun communication error, which is an indication that the rate at
which measurements are read from the bus do not keep up with the DMM transmission.
The DMM has five readings FIFO to lessen this problem. No autoranging is allowed in
this mode. This function is usable for VDC, VAC, Ohms, IAC, IDC, and RTD
measurements. Measurement rate should be set to 10rps or higher. The total time it takes
to complete this process is equal to iSamples * ( iSettle + 1) / (measurement rate).
Use the DMMReadMeasurement to monitor when reading becomes available, and to
read the data. Read as many samples as iSamples to guarantee proper conclusion of this
capture process.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iSettle
int The number of settling measurements prior to read value. Must be
set between 0 and 250. Recommended value is 4.
iSamples
int The number of samples the DMM takes following the same
number of trigger pulses. This number must be between 1 and 32,000,
inclusive.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative Value
Error code.
double Reading[250];
DMMBurstRead(0, 10, 250); // settle 10 reads., 250 samples
for(i=0; i < 250 ; i++) // read 250 meas. as they come
Signametrics
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while( ! DMMReadMeasurement(0 , Reading[i]) );
DMMCalibrate
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Internally calibrates the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMCalibrate(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function re-calibrates the DMM, and returns it to the current operating mode.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM is OK.
Negative Value
Error
Example
status = DMMCalibrate(0); /* a quick internal cal.*/
Comments
This performs an internal DMM calibration and is the same as the S-Cal command in the
VB Control Panel. It is not related to the external calibration represented in the
SM40CAL.DAT file.
DMMCleanRelay
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Clean specified relay.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMCleanRelay(int nDmm, int iRelay, int iCycles)
Remarks
This function cleans iRelay by vibrating the contact iCycles . This function is useful for
removing oxides and other deposits from the relay contacts. DC Current measurements
are particularly sensitive to K2 contact resistance and therefore should be cleaned
periodically. It is also useful for making sound in computer without a speaker.
Parameter
Type/Description
iRelay
int The relay to clean. 1 for K2, 2 for K2 and 3 for K3.
iCycles
int The numer of times the relay contac is shken. 1 to 1000.
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Integer error code..
Value
Meaning
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DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int status = DMMCleanRelay(0, 2, 100); // Shake K2 1000
DMMClearMinMax
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Clears the Min/Max storage.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetMin(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function clears the Min/Max values, and initiates a new Min/Max accumulation. See
DMMGetMin for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Integer error code..
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int status = DMMClearMinMax(0);
DMMClosePCI
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Close the PCI bus for the specified DMM. Not for user applications.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMClosePCI(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function is limited for servicing the DMM. It has no use in normal DMM operation.
See also DMMOpenPCI() function.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Signametrics
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
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Negative Value
Example
Error code
int status = DMMClosePCI(0);
DMMDelay
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Wait for a given time.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMDelay(double dTime)
Remarks
Delay of dTime seconds. dTime must be a positive double number between 0.0 and 100.0
seconds.
Parameter
Type/Description
dTime
double Delay time in seconds.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative Value
Error code
Example
DMMDelay(1.2); /* wait for 1.2 Sec */
DMMDisableTrimDAC
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Terminate the operation of the Trim DAC.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMDisableTrimDAC(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function disables the Trim DAC. Since usage of the Trim DAC consumes a lot of
the on-board microcontroller’s resources it must be turned off with this function when
not in use. See DMMSetTrimDAC, DMMSetDCVSource and DMMSetACVSource
for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
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Negative Value
Example
Error code
DMMDisableTrimDAC(0); // Remove Trim DAC from operation
DMMDisArmTrigger
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Abort trigger operation.
int DMMDisArmTrigger(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function sends the DMM a trigger termination command. If the DMM is waiting
for a trigger, it will exit the wait mode, and be ready for a new operation. It can be used
following an external hardware or analog level trigger arm command
(DMMArmAnalogTrigger, DMMArmTrigger, or DMMTrigger ). It can be used
with no limitation.
Return Value
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Integer error code
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
DMMDutyCycleStr
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return percent duty cycle of an AC signal in string format.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMDutyCycleStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszReading)
Remarks
This function is the string version of DMMReadDutyCycle. The measurement result is
stored at the location pointed to by lpszReading. See DMMReadDutyCycle for more
details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszReading
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
result.
Return Value
Signametrics
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Valid return.
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Negative Value
Example
Error code
char cBuf[17]; int status = DMMDutyCycleStr(0, cBuf);
DMMErrString
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the string describing the error code.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMErrString(int iErrorCode, LPSTR lpszError, int iBuffLength)
Remarks
This function returns a string containing the error description which corresponds to the
iErrorCode. The error string is placed at lpszError.
Parameter
Type/Description
iErrorCode
int Error code.
iBuffLength
int The maximum available length of the string buffer
lpszError
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
error string.
Return Value
Example
The return value is the length of the error string or one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
Negative Value
Error code
char cBuf[48];
int length = DMMErrString( -3, cBuf, 48);
DMMFrequencyStr
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the next DMM frequency reading, formatted for printing.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMFrequencyStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszReading)
Remarks
This function makes frequency measurement and returns the result as a string formatted
for printing. The print format is fixed to six digits plus units, e.g., 05.001 Hz. If the
DMM is in autorange, be certain to take an amplitude reading before using this
command. It may take several calls to DMMFrequencyStr() to get the measured
frequency, because the DMM frequency counter uses a frequency ranging scheme which
gets activated only when a frequency or period reading function is received. If the
previously measured frequency was 1 Hz and the frequency being measured is 300 kHz
(or vise versa), it might take as many as six calls to DMMFrequencyStr() or any of the
other frequency measurement functions, to read the correct frequency. This function is a
Secondary function which requires the DMM to be in either VAC or IAC function and
at the appropriate range.
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Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszReading
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
converted result.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
DMM_CNT_RNG
Frequency counter is over or under range.
Negative Value
Error code
char cBuf[17];
int status;
status = DMMFrequencyStr(0, cBuf);
Signametrics
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DMMGetACCapsR
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the resistance component of the last AC Caps measurement.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetACCapsRint nDmm, double *lpdResult)
Remarks
This function retrieves the resistance value from last reading of AC based Capacitance
measurement. It performs all scaling and conversion required, and returns the result as a
64-bit double-precision floating-point number in the location pointed to by lpdResult.
Returned result is a value in ohms. Read about In-Circuit Capacitance Measurements in
section 4.8 of this manual.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double * Points to the location to hold the resistance value.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM initialized successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
OVER_RNG
Over range occurred, implying a very high parallel resistance value.
double d;
int status;
status = DMMGetACCapsR(0, &d);
DMMGetBusInfo
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Returns the PCI Bus and Slot numbers for the selected DMM.
int DMMGetBusInfo(int nDmm, int *bus, int *slot)
Remarks
This function reads the PCI bus and slot numbers of the selected DMM. It provides
means to relate the physical card location to the nDmm value by detecting the location of
a DMM in the PCI system tree. This function actually scans the hardware rather then
look up the information in the registry.
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Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
bus
int * a pointer to integer at which the bus number is stored (0 to 255)
slot
int * A pointer to an integer where the slot number is stored (0 to
15)
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation was successful.
Negative number
Error code
Example
int bus, slot; // Find on which bus, and slot the DMM is at
DMMGetCalDate(3, &bus, &slot); // DMM#3
DMMGetCalDate
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the calibration date string from the DMM.
int DMMGetCalDate(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszCalDate)
Remarks
This function reads the calibration date string from the structure.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszCalDate
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
cal date string.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
any positive number
Length of the date string
Negative number
Error code
Example
char cBuf[16];
int status;
status = DMMGetCalDate(0, cBuf);
DMMGetdB
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get dB deviation from the reading at the time relative was activated.
#include "sm204032.h"
Signametrics
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int DMMGetdB(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdDev)
Remarks
This function returns a double floating value that is the dB deviation relative to the
reading made just before the relative function was activated. This function is useful in
determining measurement errors in dB. It can be used for bandwidth measurements or
DC evaluation.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdDev
double FAR * Pointer where the dB value is to be saved.
Return Value
Integer error code..
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double FAR dB; int status = DMMGetdB(0, &dB);
DMMGetdBStr
SMX2040 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get dB deviation from the reading at the time relative was activated.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetdBStr(int nDmm, LPCSTR lpszDB)
Remarks
This function is the same as the DMMGetdB(), with the exception that it returns a string.
See DMMGetdB() for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszDB
LPCSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
result. The return value will consist of a leading sign a floating-point,
and a ‘dB’ units specifier
Return Value
Example
Integer string length if successful, or an error code..
Value
Meaning
Negative Value
Error code
char cBuf[32]; int strLength = DMMGetdBStr(0, cBuf);
DMMGetCJTemp
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
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Description
Retrieve the currently set cold junction temperature.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetCJTemp(int nDmm, double *lpdTemp)
Remarks
Get the currenly set cold juncion temperature. For more details see DMMSetCJTemp()
function.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdTemp
double * Points to the location to hold the temperature.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Error code.
Negative Value
DMMGetCJTemp(0, &temp);
Example
DMMGetDeviation
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get percent deviation from the reading at the time relative was activated.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetDeviation(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdDev)
Remarks
This function returns a double floating value that is the percent deviation relative to the
reading made just before the relative function was activated. This function is useful in
quantifying measurement errors. It can be used for bandwidth measurements or DC
evaluation, or percent variation of a device under test over temperature.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdDev
double FAR * Pointer where the deviation value is to be saved.
Return Value
Example
Integer error code..
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
double FAR error;
int status = DMMGetDeviation(0, &error);
Signametrics
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DMMGetDeviatStr
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get percent deviation from the reading at the time relative was activated.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetDeviatStr(int nDmm, LPCSTR lpszDev)
Remarks
This function is the same as the DMMGetDeviation(), with the exception that it returns
a string. See DMMGetDeviation() for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszDev
LPCSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
result. The return value will consist of a leading sign a floating-point,
and a % units specifier
Return Value
Integer string length if successful, or an error code.
Value
Meaning
Negative Value
Error code
Example
char cBuf[32];
int strLength = DMMGetDeviatStr(0, cBuf);
DMMGetFuncRange
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get DMM range code.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMGetFuncRange(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the combined DMM function/range code. See UserDMM.h for the
complete set of codes.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Integer value corresponding to the currently set DMM function/range, or an error code.
The following are a few examples of the returned value.
Value
Meaning
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Positive value
See UserDMM.h for function/range codes.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
if(DMMGetFnRange == VDC_300mV) printf("Lowest VDC range
selected");
DMMGetFunction
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get DMM function code.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMGetFunction(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the DMM function code.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM nuber. Zero being the first.
Return Value
Integer value corresponding to the current function, or an error code.
Value
Meaning
Positive value
See UserDMM.h for function codes.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
if(DMMGetFunction == VDC) printf("VDC Function selected");
DMMGetGrdVer
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get DMM firmware version.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetGrdVer(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the DMM firmware version of the on-board controller.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Integer value. The return value is the version value or an error code.
Value
Signametrics
Meaning
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Positive Value
Version
Negative Value
Error code
Example
firmwarever = DMMGetGrdVer(0);
DMMGetHwVer
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get the hardware version of the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetHwVer(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the DMM hardware version. A returned value of 0 corresponds to
Rev_, 1 corresponds to Rev_A, 2 to Rev_B etc.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
DMM hardware code or an error code.
Value
Meaning
Positive value
Hardware version code
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int HWVer = DMMGetHwVer(0);
DMMGetID
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get DMM ID code.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetID(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the DMM identification code. Each DMM has a unique ID code
that must match the calibration file card_ID field in SM40CAL.DAT.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting
with zero.
Return Value
Integer value card ID code (serial number) or an error code.
Value
Meaning
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DMM_E_DMM
Example
Invalid DMM number.
int id = DMMGetID(0);
DMMGetManDate
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get Manufacturing date stamp from the DMM hardware
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetManDate(int nDmm, int *month, int *day, int *year)
Remarks
This function returns the DMM manufacturing date which is read from the hardware.
The month, day and year are returned as integers. This is used to track the DMM to a
specific manufacturing date.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting
with zero.
month
int * A pointer to an integer where the month is stored
day
int * A pointer to an integer where the day is stored
year
int * A pointer to an integer where the year is stored
Return Value
Integer error code or.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation was successful.
DMM_E_DMM
Invalid DMM number.
Example
int month, day, year, status
status = DMMGetManDate(0, &month, &day, &year);
DMMGetMax
SMX2040 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get Maximum reading history.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetMax(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdMax)
Remarks
This function returns a double floating value that is the maximum (of the Min/Max
function) value since either a function change, range change or call to the
DMMClearMinMax function was made. This is only applicable to Primary read
functions (those that are read using DMMRead, DMMReadStr or DMMReadNorm).
This value is updated every time one of those functions is used.
Parameter
Signametrics
Type/Description
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nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdMax
double FAR * Pointer where the Max value is to be saved.
Return Value
Integer error code..
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double FAR Mx; int status = DMMGetMax(0, &Mx);
DMMGetMaxStr
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Returns the maximum as a formatted string.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetMaxStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszReading)
Remarks
This function is the string version of DMMGetMax. It returns the result as a string
formatted for printing. The print format is determined by the range and function. See
DMMGetMax for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszReading
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
result.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants, or the string length is OK.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Valid return.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
char cBuf[17];
int status = DMMGetMaxStr(0, cBuf);
DMMGetMin
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get Minimum reading history.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetMin(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdMax)
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Remarks
This function returns a double floating value that is the minimum (of the Min/Max
function) value since either a function change, range change or a call to the
DMMClearMinMax() function was made. This is only applicable to Primary read
functions (those that are read using DMMRead, DMMReadStr or DMMReadNorm).
This value is updated every time one of those functions is used.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdMax
double FAR * Pointer where the Min value is to be saved.
Return Value
Integer error code..
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double FAR Min; int status = DMMGetMin(0, &Min);
DMMGetMinStr
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Returns the minimum as a formatted string.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetMinStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszReading)
Remarks
This function is the string version of DMMGetMin. It returns the result as a string
formatted for printing. The print format is determined by the range and function. See
DMMGetMin for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszReading
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
result.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants, or the string length is OK.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Valid return.
Negative Value
Error code
char cBuf[17];
int status = DMMGetMinStr(0, cBuf);
DMMGetRange
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Signametrics
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Description
Get DMM range code.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMGetRange(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the DMM range code.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting
with zero.
Return Value
Integer value corresponding to the currently set DMM range, or an error code.
Value
Meaning
Zero or positive value
Range; zero being the lowest
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int id;
if(DMMGetRange == 0) printf("Lowest range selected");
DMMGetRate
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get DMM reading rate
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetRate(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdRate)
Remarks
This function returns a double floating rate in readings per second.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdRate
double FAR * Pointer where the rate is saved.
Return Value
Integer value version code or an error code.
Value
Meaning
Negative Value
Error code
int status; double FAR rate;
status = DMMGetRate(0, &rate);
Example
DMMGetSourceFreq
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Get the currently set ACV Source frequency.
#include "sm204032.h"
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int DMMGetSourceFreq(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdFreq)
Remarks
This function returns a double floating value that is the currently set ACV source
frequency of the SMX2044. It can be used to display or verify the default frequency of
the stimulus for the various Inductance measurement ranges.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdFreq
double FAR * Pointer where the frequency value is to be saved.
Return Value
Integer error code..
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double FAR f; int status = DMMGetSourceFreq(0, &f);
DMMGetTCType
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get the themocouple type currently selected.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMGetTCType(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the Themocouple type currently selected.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
DMM type Integer or an error code.
Value
Meaning
Btype to TType
Type of thermocuple as specified in UserDMM.h file
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int TCtype = DMMGetTCType(0);
DMMGetType
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get the type of the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetType(int nDmm)
Signametrics
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Remarks
This function returns the DMM type.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
DMM type Integer or an error code.
Value
Meaning
2040
SMX2040 is at nDmm slot
2042
SMX2042 is at nDmm slot
2044
SMX2044 is at nDmm slot
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int type = DMMGetType(0);
DMMGetVer
SMX2040 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get DMM software driver version.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMGetVer(int nDmm, double FAR *lpfResult )
Remarks
This function returns the DMM software driver version, which is a double floating value.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpfResult
double FAR * Pointer to the location which holds the version.
Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int status; double ver;
status = DMMGetVer(0, &ver);
DMMInit
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
73
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Description
Initialize a DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMInit(int nDmm, LPCSTR lpszCal)
Remarks
This function must be the first function to be executed. It opens the driver for the
specified DMM. The first DMM being 0, the second 1, etc... It also initializes the DMM
hardware and does extensive self test to the DMM hardware. It then initializes the
software and reads the appropriate calibration record for the respective DMM from the
file specified by lpszCal.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszCal
LPCSTR Points to the name of the file containing the calibration
constants for the DMM. Calibration information is normally read
from the file named SM40CAL.DAT located in the current directory.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM initialized successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int i = DMMInit(0,"C:\SM40CAL.dat");// Initialize 1st DMM
DMMIsAutoRange
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get the status of the autorange flag.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMIsAutoRange(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the DMM autorange flag state.
Signametrics
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
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Return Value
TRUE, FALSE or an error code.
Value
Meaning
TRUE
Autoranging mode is selected.
FALSE
Autoranging mode is not selected.
DMM_E_DMM
Invalid DMM number.
Example
int autorange = DMMIsAutoRange(0);
DMMIsInitialized
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get the status of the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMIsInitialized(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the status of the DMM. If TRUE, the DMM has been initialized and
is active. If FALSE the DMM is not initialized and should not be addressed. This
function is used for maintenance and is not needed under normal operation.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Example
TRUE, FALSE or an error code.
Value
Meaning
TRUE
DMM is initialized and active.
FALSE
DMM is not initialized.
DMM_E_DMM
Invalid DMM number.
int active = DMMIsInitialzied(0);
DMMIsRelative
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Get the status of the Relative flag.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMIsRelative(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function returns the DMM Relative flag state.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
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Return Value
Integer TRUE, FALSE or an error code.
Value
Meaning
TRUE
Relative mode is selected.
FALSE
Relative mode is not selected.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int rel = DMMIsRelative(0);
DMMLoadCalFile
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Reload calibration record from file.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMLoadCalFile(int nDmm, LPCSTR lpszCal)
Remarks
This function is provides the capability to reload the calibration record. This is useful in
making limited calibration adjustments to the DMM. By having a copy of the original
calibration file ‘SM40CAL.DAT’ open with an editor, and modifying calibration entries,
then reloading it using DMMLoadCalFile, one can instantly verify the corrections
made. Make sure the ‘SM40CAL.DAT’ file itself is not altered since that will void the
calibration.
Parameter
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszCal
Return Value
Example
Type/Description
LPCSTR Points to the name of the file containing the calibration
constants for the DMM.
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Cal record loaded successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
/* Load a modified copy of the original calibration file to verify correction made
to a specific entry */
int i = DMMLoadCalFile(0, "C:\CAL_A.dat");
Signametrics
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DMMOpenPCI
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Open the PCI bus for the specified DMM. Not for user application.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMOpenPCI(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function is limited for servicing the DMM. It has no use in normal DMM operation..
See also DMMClosePCI() function.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int status = DMMOpenPCI(0);
DMMOpenCalACCaps
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Calibrate the AC based in circuit capacitance function.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMOpenCalACCapsl(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function characterizes the selected range of the AC Capacitance measurement path
and source, which is required prior to making measurements. For better accuracy it
should be performed frequently. The Open Terminal calibration should be performed
with the test leads connected and open. This function characterizes the stimulus source at
the specific frequency associated with the selected range. It takes about fifteen seconds to
complete the process. Make sure to perform this operation for each range you intend to
use.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
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Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int status = DMMOpenCalACCaps(0);
DMMOpenTerminalCal
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Calibrate the Inductance measurement function with open terminals.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMOpenTerminalCal(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function characterizes the Inductance measurement path and source, which is
required prior to making inductance measurements. It should be performed within one
hour, before using the inductance measurements. For better accuracy it should be
performed more frequently. The Open Terminal calibration should be performed with the
test leads open. The DMMOpenTerminalCal sweeps the inductance stimulus source
across the full bandwidth, and makes measurements at several points. It takes about
twenty seconds to complete the process. For a complete characterization of the
Inductance measurement system it is also necessary to perform the inductance zero
operation with the inductance range and frequency selected, using the Relative function
and with the probes shorted.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Example
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
int status = DMMOpenterminalCal(0);
DMMPeriodStr
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the next DMM period reading, formatted for printing.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMPeriodStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszReading)
Signametrics
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Remarks
This function makes a period measurement and returns the result as a string formatted for
printing. The print format is fixed to five digits plus units, e.g., 150.01 ms. See
DMMFrequencyStr() for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszReading
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
converted result. The return value will consist of a leading sign, a
floating-point value in exponential notation, and a units specifier.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative Value
Error code
DMM_CNT_RNG
Period measurement H/W is over or under range.
char cBuf[17];
int status;
status = DMMPeriodStr(0, cBuf);
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DMMPolledRead
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Tests the DMM for ready status, and returns the next floating-point reading.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMPolledRead(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
Remarks
DMMPolledRead polls the DMM for readiness. If the DMM is not ready it will return
FALSE. If the DMM is ready with a new reading it will return TRUE, and the reading
will be placed at the location pointed to by lpdResult. See DMMPolledReadCmd for
more details. Do not use DMMReady to check for readiness since it will cause
communication failure.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location to hold the next reading.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
FALSE
DMM is not ready
TRUE
DMM is ready, and reading is placed at lpdResult
Negative Value
Error code
double read;
if(DMMPolledRead(0, &d)) fprintf(“%9.4f\n”,d);
DMMPolledReadCmd
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ;SMX2044 ;
Description
Send DMM Polled Read command.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMPolledReadCmd(int nDmm)
Remarks
If the DMM is not busy with a prior Polled read process, this function will trigger the
DMM to execute a single read command. The DMM must be set to a specific range and
one of the following functions to use the polled read command: VDC, VAC, IDC, IAC,
2-wire, 4-wire, 6-wire, or RTD function. Composite functions such as Capacitance,
Inductance, Peak-to-Peak etc. are not capable of polled read operation. Measurement rate
must be 10 rps or higher. If FALSE is returned, the DMM is busy processing a prior
polled read. A DMM_OKAY indicates the DMM accepted the read command and
entered the busy state. The DMM remains busy until it is ready with the next reading.
This function is useful where it is necessary to conserve CPU time and make the DMM a
polled device. Use DMMPolledRead or DMMPolledReadStr to test for readiness and
read measurement. Do not use DMMReady to check for readiness since it will cause
communication failure.
Signametrics
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Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
DMM_OKAY if command accepted, else FALSE or an error code.
Value
Meaning
FALSE
DMM is busy and can’t execute a polled read command.
DMM_OKAY
Operation successful. DMM entered busy state
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int status = DMMPolledReadCmd(0);
DMMPolledReadStr
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
If DMM is ready, return the next reading from the DMM formatted for printing.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMPolledReadStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszReading)
Remarks
This function is the string version of DMMPolledRead. See DMMPolledRead for more
details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszReading
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
converted result. The return value will consist of a leading sign, a
floating-point value in exponential notation, and a units specifier.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants, or the string length is OK.
Value
Meaning
FALSE
DMM is not ready
TRUE
DMM is ready, and reading is placed at lpszReading
Negative Value
Error code
Example
char strMsg[32];
if(DMMPolledReadStr(0, strMsg)) MessageBox(0,strMsg,
"SMX2044",MB_OK); // display readings;
DMMRead
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
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Description
Return the next floating-point reading from the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMRead(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
Remarks
DMMRead reads the next result from the DMM, performs all scaling and conversion
required, and returns the result as a 64-bit double-precision floating-point number in the
location pointed to by lpdResult. It can read all the Primary functions (those that can be
selected using DMMSetFunction() and DMMSetFuncRange() )
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location to hold the next reading.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM initialized successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
DMM_E_RANGE
DMM over range error occurred.
Example
double d;
int status;
status = DMMRead(0, &d);
DMMReadBuffer
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the next double floating-point reading from the DMM internal buffer.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadBuffer(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
Remarks
Read the next measurement from the DMM internal buffer, pointed to by an internal
buffer pointer, and increment the pointer. Store the measurement as a 64-bit doubleprecision floating-point number in the location pointed to by lpdResult. See
DMMArmTrigger() functions for more detail.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location which holds the frequency.
Return Value
Signametrics
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error Code
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Example
double Buffer[10];
int status;
DMMArmTrigger(0,10);
// Set up for 10 triggered samples
while( ! DMMReady(0));
for(i=0; i < 10 ; i++)
status = DMMReadBuffer(0, &Buffer[i]);
DMMReadBufferStr
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the next reading, formatted for printing.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadBufferStr(int nDmm, , LPSTR lpszReading)
Remarks
The same as DMMReadBuffer() except the reading is formatted as a string with units.
Measurements are stored as a null terminated string at the location pointed to by
lpszReading.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszReading
LPSTR Points to the location which holds the formatted reading
string.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
char Buf[17];
// take a single triggered sample
DMMArmTrigger(0,1);
while( !DMMReady(0));
DMMReadBufferStr(0, Buf);
DMMReadCJTemp
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Read cold junction temperature for thermocouple measurement.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadCJTemp(int nDmm, double *lpdTemp)
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Remarks
Read the cold juncion temperature sensor for subsequent thrermocouple
measurements. When measuring temperature using thermocouples it is necessary
to establish a reference or cold junction temperaturem. This is the temperature at
which the themocouple wires are connected to the DMM or to the switching
card’s cooper wires. One way to do this is by measuring the cold junction sensor
using this function. DMMReadCJTemp() function reads the sensor output
voltage (0 to +/-3.3V), and converts it to cold junction temperature using the built
in equation Temp = b + (Vcjs – a)/m. The default values of a, b and m are
designed specifically for the temperarute sensor of the SM40T terminal block.
The value of the cold junction temperature is saved internally for subsequent
thermocouple measurements as well as return at the location pointed to by
lpdTemp.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdTemp
double * Points to the location to hold the temperature.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative Value
Error code.
Example
DMMReadCJTemp(0, &temp);
DMMReadCrestFactor
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return ACV signal’s Crest Factor.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadCrestFactor(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
Remarks
This is a Secondary function and the DMM must be in ACV measurement function, and
a valid range must be set. A double-precision floating-point Crest Factor is stored in the
location pointed to by lpdResult. This measurement is a composite function, utilizing
several sub functions, and could take over 10 seconds to perform. See the Crest Factor
measurement section of the manual for more detail.
Signametrics
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location to hold the Crest Factor.
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Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
double CF; int status = DMMReadCrestFactor(0, &CF);
DMMReadDutyCycle
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return percent duty cycle of ACV signal.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadDutyCycle(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdDcy)
Remarks
This is a Secondary function and the DMM must be in AC measurement function, and a
valid range must be set. It returns percent duty cycle of the signal. It is stored as
double-precision floating-point numbers in the location pointed to by lpdDcy. The
measured duty cycle is effected by the setting of the Threshold DAC.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdDcy
double FAR * Points to the location which holds the duty cycle.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
double dcy; int state; state = DMMReadDutyCycle(0, &dcy);
DMMReadFrequency
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the next double floating-point frequency reading from the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadFrequency(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
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Remarks
If frequency counter is not engaged, select it. Make a single frequency measurement,
and store the result as a 64-bit double-precision floating-point number in the location
pointed to by lpdResult. See DMMFrequencyStr() for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location to hold the frequency.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
DMM_E_INIT
DMM is uninitialized. Must be initialize prior to using any function.
DMM_E_DMM
Invalid DMM number.
DMM_CNT_RNG
Frequency counter is over or under range.
Example
double d;
int status = DMMReadFrequency(0, &d);
DMMReadFrequencyStr
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the next string containing frequency reading from the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadFrequencyStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszFrequency)
Remarks
This is the string version of DMMReadFrequency(). It returnes a formated string
containing the measured frequency. For more details read about
DMMReqadFrequency().
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszFrequency
LPSTR Points to the location which holds the formatted reading
string. Allow minimum of 64.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative value
Error code
char buffer[64];
int status = DMMReadFrequencyStr(0, buffer);
Signametrics
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DMMReadInductorQ
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Return inductor’s Q value.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadInductorQ(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
Remarks
This is a Secondary function and the DMM must be in the Inductance measurement
function, and a valid inductance value must have been read prior to using this function.
Resulting Q is stored as double-precision floating-point number in the location pointed to
by lpdResult.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location to hold the inductor’s Q.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double Q;
int status = DMMReadInductorQ(0, &Q);
DMMReadMeasurement
SMX2040 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return a reading which is the result of DMMSetTrigRead operation.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadMeasurement(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdRead)
Remarks
This measurement reading function is designed to read triggered measurements from the
DMM. It is a fast reading function. It returns FALSE while no new reading is ready. If a
reading is ready, TRUE is returned, and the result in the form of a 64-bit doubleprecision floating-point number is placed at the location pointed to by lpdRead.The
returned value is in base units. That is, it will returns 0.3 for a 300mV input and 1e6 for
1.0 Mohm measurement. This function is designed to read bursting measurements form
the DMM, resulting from DMMSetTrigRead and DMMBurstRead operations.
Return Value
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdRead
double FAR * Pointer to a location where the reading is saved.
Integer value version code or an error code.
87
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Value
Meaning
TRUE
Measurement was read into *lpdRead
FALSE
No measurement is available
TIMEOUT
Communication timeout. No reading available within 9s.
OVERRUN
Communication overrun. CPU did not keep up with DMM transmission.
Other Negative Value
Error code.
Example
double Reading[150];
DMMBurstRead(0, 4, 150); // 4 settel., 150 samples
// read 150 measurements
for(i=0; i < 150 ; i++)
while( DMMReadMeasurement(0 , Reading[i]) == FALSE );
// wait for all measurements to be ready, and read them.
DMMReadMedian
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return ACV signal’s Median value.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadMedian(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
Remarks
This is a Secondary function and the DMM must be in ACV measurement function, and
a valid range must be set. A double-precision floating-point Median voltage result is
stored in the location pointed to by lpdResult. This measurement is a composite function
which utilizes several sub functions, and could take over 10 seconds to perform. See the
Median measurement section of the manual for more detail.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location to hold the median voltage.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Error code
Negative Value
double Median; int status = DMMReadMedian(0, &Median);
Example
DMMReadNorm
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Take a reading that is in base value.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadNorm(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdRead)
Remarks
This Primary read function is similar to DMMRead(). It returns a
Signametrics
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double floating-point reading. The returned value is corrected for base units. That is, it
returns 0.3 for a 300 mV input and 1e6 for 1.0 MOhm.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdRead
double FAR * Pointer to a location where the reading is saved.
Return Value
Integer value version code or an error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_E_RANGE
Over/Under range error.
DMM_E_DMM
Invalid DMM number.
DMM_OKAY
Valid return.
Example
double reading; int status = DMMReadNorm(0, &reading);
DMMReadPeakToPeak
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return ACV signal’s peak-to-peak value.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadPeakToPeak(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
Remarks
This is a Secondary function and the DMM must be in ACV measurement function, and
a valid range must be set. A double-precision floating-point peak-to-peak voltage result
is stored in the location pointed to by lpdResult. This measurement is a composite
function which utilizes several sub functions, and could take over 10 seconds to perform.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location to hold the Peak-to-Peak value.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
double ptp; int status = DMMReadPeakToPeak(0, &ptp);
DMMReadPeriod
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
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Description
Return the next double floating-point period reading from the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadPeriod(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdResult)
Remarks
This is a Secondary function and the DMM must be in ACV measurement function, and
a valid range must be set It makes a single period measurement, and stores the result as a
double-precision floating-point number in the location pointed to by lpdResult. See
DMMFrequencyStr() for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdResult
double FAR * Points to the location which holds the period.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
DMM_CNT_RNG
Period measurement hardware is over or under range.
Example
double d;
int status;
status = DMMReadPeriod(0, &d);
DMMReadStr
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the next reading from the DMM formatted for printing.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszReading)
Remarks
This function is the string version of DMMRead(). It reads the next Primary
measurement result, performs all scaling and conversion required, and returns the result
as a string formatted for printing. The print format is determined by the range and
function. See DMMRead() for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszReading
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
converted result. The return value will consist of a leading sign, a
floating-point value in exponential notation, and a units specifier.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants, or the string length is OK.
Value
Signametrics
Meaning
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DMM_OKAY
Valid return.
Negative Value
Error code
DMM_E_RANGE
DMM over range error occurred.
Example
char cBuf[17]; int status = DMMReadingStr(0, cBuf);
DMMReadTotalizer
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Read the totalized value accumulated by the Totalizer function.
#include "sm204032.h"
long DMMReadTotalizer(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function reads the total value accumulated by the Totalizer function. For details see
DMMStartTotalize.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Example
The return value is the totalized count, or if negative one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
Negative Value
Error code
long total = DMMReadTotalizer(0);
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DMMReadWidth
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the positive and negative pulse widths.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReadWidth(int nDmm, double FAR *lpdPwid, double FAR *lpdNwid)
Remarks
This is a Secondary function and the DMM must be in ACV measurement function, and
a valid range must be set. It returns two parameters: positive and negative pulse widths.
These parameters are stored as double-precision floating-point numbers in the location
pointed to by lpdPwid and lpdNwid. The measured widths are affected by the setting of
the Threshold DAC.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdPwid
double FAR * Points to the location which holds the positive width.
lpdNwid
double FAR * Points to the location which holds the negative width.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double pw,nw; int state; state = DMMReadWidth(0, &pw, &nw);
DMMReady
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return the ready state of the DMM following trigger operation.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMReady(int nDmm)
Remarks
Following the completion of an tirggered measurement event, be it hardware or software,
the DMM indicates the completion. The DMMReady function checks the DMM and
returns TRUE if ready, and FALSE otherwise. Once a TRUE status is returned, the
DMMReady function should not be used again since a TRUE also indicates that some
flags have been clear, which allow further operations. See DMMArmAnalogTrigger,
DMMArmTrigger, DMMTrigger, DMMReadBuffer and DMMPolledReaed for
more details on this function.
Signametrics
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
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Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
TRUE
DMM is done and buffer is ready to be read.
FALSE
DMM is not ready.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double Buffer[10];
DMMTrigger(0,10);
while( ! DMMReady(0) );
for(i=0; i < 10 ; i++) DMMReadBuffer(0, &Buffer[i]);
DMMSetACCapsDelay
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the measurement delay of AC based Capacitance.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetACCapsDelay(int nDmm, double ldDelay)
Remarks
This Secondary function sets the AC based capacitance measurement delay, which is the
time the measurement system settles. The DMM’s default value is 2.0s. This function
can set this function from 0.0 to 10.0 seconds. Since the DMM is optimized for the
defalut value, it is possible that changing this value will introduce additional error.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
ldDelay
double The time the DMM is allowed to settle the measurement.
Can be set beetween 0 and 10.0 seconds.
Return Value
Example
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
DMMSetACCapsDelay(0, 0.25); // Set measurement delay to 0.25s
DMMSetACCapsLevel
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the DCV source output level.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetACCapsLevel(int nDmm, double ldVolts)
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Remarks
This Secondary function sets the AC peak voltage level for the AC based Capacitance
measurement function. It actually sets an internal register to ldVols rather than setting the
output level itself. This value is used on any of the AC Caps calibration and
measurement. Following setting of this function, it is necessary to perform open
calibration of the AC Capacitance ranges to be used. Since the DMM is optimized for the
defalut value, it is recommended not to use this function and keep the default 0.45V peak
value.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
ldVolts
double
Return Value
Example
Peak value of AC voltage to be set. Can be 0.1V to 5.0V
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value Error code
DMMSetACCapsLevel(0, 0.35); // Set source to 0.7V peak-to-peak
DMMSetACVSource
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the ACV source output level and frequency.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetACVSource(int nDmm, double FAR ldVolts, double FAR ldFreq)
Remarks
This Secondary function sets the AC voltage source to RMS amplitude of ldVolts, and
the frequency to ldFreq. The DMM must be in VAC_SRC operation for this function to
execute properly. When the DMM is in VAC_SRC operation, and the
DMMSetACVSource is applied, reading the DMM (DMMRead, DMMReadStr) will
return the measurement of the output voltage. This function acts on the main 12 bit
source DAC. If better accuracy is needed it can be accomplished by selecting the
ClosedLoop mode (DMMSetSourceMode). This mode engages the Trim DAC, which
augments the 12 bit DAC to produce 16 effective bits. In the ClosedLoop mode, the
source level is adjusted any time the DMM is read, making small corrections until the
reading is equal to ldVolts. However, for the ClosedLoop mode to update the source
level, it is necessary to read the DMM multiple times. Update rate should not exceed 5
rps when using the Closed Loop mode. Two ACV measurement ranges are available in
VAC_SRC mode, the 3.3 V and the 330 mV. If the Autorange mode is enabled, the
DMM will automatically select the appropriate range.
Return Value
Signametrics
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
ldVolts
double FAR AC RMS voltage to be set. Range: 0.05 to 7.25 V RMS
ldFreq
double FAR DC voltage to be set. Range: 2 Hz to 76 kHz
Integer error code.
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Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double reading; int I;
DMMSetACVSource(0, 7.0, 1000.0); // source 7V and 1kHz
DMMSetSourceMode(0, CLOSED_LOOP); // Closed loop mode
for(I=0;I<100;I++) DMMRead(0,&reading); // update 100 times
DMMSetAutoRange
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Enable/Disable autorange operation of DMM
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetAutoRange(int nDmm, BOOL bAuto)
Remarks
This function enables or disables autorange operation of the DMM.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
bAuto
BOOL Determines whether or not autoranging is done. The value
TRUE enables autoranging, FALSE disables it.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Function succeeded.
Negative Value
Error code
status = DMMSetAutoRange(0, TRUE); /* enable autoranging */
DMMSetBuffTrigRead
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Setup the DMM for Triggered operation.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetBuffTrigRead(int nDmm, int iSettle, int iSamples, int iEdge)
95
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Remarks
Setup the SMX2040 for external hardware trigger operation. Following reception of this
command the DMM enters a wait state. After reception of an external trigger edge of
iEdge polarity, the DMM takes iSettle + 1 readings at the set measurement function,
range, and reading rate; and stores the last reading in the in an internal buffer. This
process is repeated for iSamples. This function is particularly useful in conjunction with
a triggering instruments such as the SM4042 relay scanner. No autoranging is allowed in
this mode. The number of trigger edges must be equal or greater than iSamples to
properly terminate this mode. Between the time the DMMSetBuffTrigRead is issued
and the time the buffer is read, no other command should be sent to the DMM. One
exception is the DMMDisarmTrigger command. This function is usable for VDC,
VAC, Ohms, IAC, IDC and RTD measurements.
Use the DMMReady to monitor when the DMM is ready (following trigger(s) and the
reading of iSamples). When ready, you can read up to iSamples, using
DMMReadBuffer or DMMReadBufferStr functions. Once DMMReady returns
TRUE, it should not be used again prior to reading the buffer, since it prepares the buffer
for reading when it detects a ready condition.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iSettle
int The number of setteling measurements, prior to read value. Must
be set between 0 and 120. Recommanded value is 4.
iSamples
int The number of samples the DMM takes following the same
number of trigger pulses. This number must be between 1 and 64,
inclusive.
iEdge
Int The edge polarity of the trigger signal. 1 for Positive, or leading
edge, and 0 for negative or trailing edge trigger.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative Value
Error code.
double Buffer[64];
DMMSetBuffTrigRead(0, 4, 64, 0); // Negative edge, 4
//setteling readings, and 64 samples/triggers
while( ! DMMReady(0) );
// wait for completion
for(i=0; i < 64 ; i++)
// read buffer
DMMReadBuffer(0, &Buffer[i]);
DMMSetCapsAveSamp
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Tunes the capacitance measurement function parameters for higher measurement speed.
#include "sm204032.h"
Int DMMSetCapsAveSamp(int nDmm, int iAverage, int iSamples)
Remarks
This function should be used carefully since it modifies the capacitance function basic
measurement parameters; the averages value, iAverage, and the number of points
sampled, iSamples. This function is provided only for cases where it is necessary to
Signametrics
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improve measurement speed. When using this function keep in mind that the accuracy
specification provided for capacitance is not guaranteed. Also, modifying these values
could have profound efect on the operation of the function. Any time a capacitance range
is change, these values are set to the default values. For instance, values of 1 and 3 for
iAverage, and iSamples will reduce measurement time on the 12nF range from 0.8s to
about 50ms.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iAverage
int The average value, must be set between 1 and 100.
iSamples
int The number of samples must be set to at least 3.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Valid return.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int status = DMMSetCapsAveSamp(0,1,3);
DMMSetCJTemp
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Set cold junction temperature for thermocouple measurement.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetCJTemp(int nDmm, double dTemp)
Remarks
Set the cold junction temperature for subsequent thermocouple measurements. When
measuring temperature using thermocouples it is necessary to establish a reference or
cold junction temperature. This is the temperature at which the thermocouple wires are
connected to the DMM or to the switching card’s cooper wires. One way to do this is by
simply entering this value using DMMSetCJTemp() function. dTemp must be entered
using the currently set temperature units.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
dTemp
double The cold junction temperature. Must be set between 0oC and
50oC or the corresponding oF.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
Negative Value
Error code.
DMMSetCJTemp(0, 22.5);
97
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DMMSetCompThreshold
SMX2040 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the Threshold DAC level.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetCompThreshold(int nDmm, double FAR ldThreshold)
Remarks
This Secondary function sets the output of the Threshold DAC. To use this function, the
DMM must be in AC volts. This function sets the detection threshold of the AC
comparator. It is compared by the comparator to the AC coupled input voltage. This
function is associated with the following functions: Totalizer, Frequency counter, Period,
Pulse width and Duty Cycle measurements. ldThreshold range is determined by the
selected ACV range. For instance, when the 250 V AC range is selected, the allowed
range of ldThreshold is –500 V to +500 V. See the specification section for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
ldThreshold
double FAR DC voltage to be set. Allowed range depends on
selected ACV range.
Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
DMMSetCompThreshold(0,28.5); // Set comp. threshold to 28.5V
DMMSetCounterRng
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the frequency counter to a specific range.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetCounterRng(int nDmm, int frange)
Remarks
This function forces the auto-ranging frequency counter to a specific range, frange. Use
this function if the approximate frequency to be measured is known. It will eliminate the
time necessary for the counter to autorange to the appropriate range. Saves time by
removing the requirement to make multiple frequency measurements in order to allow
the counter to range. All ranges are defind in UserDMM.h file.
Signametrics
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
frange
int The range to be set is a value between 0 and 7. See UserDMM.h
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Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
DMMSetCounterRng(0, COUNTR_320HZ); // Set counter to measure a
frequency between 65Hz to 320Hz
DMMSetDCISource
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the DCI source output level.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetDCISource(int nDmm, double FAR ldAmps)
Remarks
This Secondary function sets the DC current source to ldAmps. The DMM must be in
IDC_SRC for this function to execute properly. Further, the appropriate DCI range must
be selected. When the DMM is in IDC_SRC operation, and the DMMSetDCISource is
applied, reading the DMM (DMMRead or DMMReadStr) will return the output voltage
measurement. This function acts on the main 12 bit source DAC. If better resolution is
needed it can be accomplished by setting the Trim DAC by using the
DMMSetTrimDAC function. There are five current source ranges. The DMM reads the
output (load) voltage.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
ldAmps
double FAR DC current to be set. Can be 0 to 1.25 X selected range
Return Value
Example
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
DMMSetRange(0, _1uA)
DMMSetDCISource(0, 1.1e-6);
// Select 1uA source range
// Set source to 1.1uA
DMMSetDCVSource
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the DCV source output level.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetDCVSource(int nDmm, double FAR ldVolts)
99
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Remarks
This Secondary function sets the DC voltage source to ldVolts. The DMM must be in
VDC_SRC for this function to execute properly. When the DMM is in VDC_SRC
operation, and the DMMSetDCVSource is applied, reading the DMM (DMMRead or
DMMReadStr) will return the measurement of the output voltage. This function acts on
the main 12 bit source DAC. If better accuracy is needed it can be accomplished by
selecting the ClosedLoop mode (DMMSetSourceMode). This mode engages the Trim
DAC, which augments the 12 bit DAC to produce 16 effective bits. In ClosedLoop
mode, the source level is adjusted every time the DMM is read, making small corrections
until the reading is equal to ldVolts. However, for the ClosedLoop mode to update the
source level, it is necessary to read the DMM multiple times. Update rate should not
exceed 10 rps when using the Closed Loop mode. The DMM reads voltages using the 33
V range.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
ldVolts
double FAR DC voltage to be set. Can be –10.5 to 10.5 V
Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
double reading; int I;
DMMSetDCVSource(0, 1.25); // Set source to 1.25V
DMMSetSourceMode(0, CLOSED_LOOP); // Closed loop mode
for(I=0;I<100;I++) DMMRead(0,&reading); // update 100 times
DMMSetExternalShunt
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the value of the leakage function external shunt
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetExternalShunt(int nDmm, double ldShunt)
Remarks
This Secondary function sets the value of the external shunt resistor being used. The
shunt value is utilized in measurement functions such as Leakage and Extended
resistance, Synthesized resistance etc. It is available with S/W versions 1.75 or higher.
ldShunt sets the shunt value, such that 10,000.0 correxponds to a 10kΩ shunt.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
ldShunt
double Shunt resistance value. A value greater than zero and smaller
the 200e6 (200 Mega Ohms) is allowed.
Return Value
Signametrics
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
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Negative Value
Example
Error code
DMMSetExternalShunt(0, 100000.0); // Set shunt to 100kΩ
DMMSetFuncRange
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the DMM function and range.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetFuncRange(int nDmm, int nFuncRnge)
Remarks
This function sets both, the function and range used by the DMM. The table of values is
defined as VDC_330mV, VAC_3.3V, IDC_330mA, OHM_4W_330K etc. definitions in
the header files.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
nFuncRnge
int A pre-defined constant corresponding to the desired function and
range.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM initialized successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
DMM_E_FUNC
Invalid DMM function.
status = DMMSetFuncRange(0, VDC_3V);
DMMSetFunction
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the DMM function.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetFunction(int nDmm, int nFunc)
Remarks
This function sets the function used by the DMM. The table of values is defined by the
VDC, VAC, IDC, IAC, OHMS2W, OHMS4W … definitions in the DLL header file. Not
all functions are available for all DMM types. For instance the SMX2044 has
Capacitance while the SMX2040 does not.
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Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
nFunc
int A pre-defined constant corresponding to the desired function.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM initialized successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
DMM_E_FUNC
Invalid DMM function.
Example
status = DMMSetFunction(0, INDUCTANCE);
DMMSetInductFreq
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the frequency of the Inductance Source.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetInductFreq(int nDmm, double FAR lpdFreq)
Remarks
This function sets the frequency of the Inductance measurement source. The value of the
frequency should be between 20 Hz and 75 kHz. This function overrides the default
frequency for each of the inductance ranges. Therefore, setting a new Inductance
measurement range changes the frequency. Use this function after setting the range.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpdFreq
double FAR Frequency to be set.
Return Value
Example
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
int status = DMMSetInductFreq(0, 10e3); // Set source to 10kHz
DMMSetOffsetOhms
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Enable/Disable Offset Ohms operation
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetOffsetOhms(int nDmm, BOOL bState)
Signametrics
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Remarks
This function enables or disables the Offset Ohms compensation function. The default
value is FALSE, or no Offset Ohms compensation. When TRUE the measurement rate is
about 1/10th the set value. When enabling this function with the SM2042, a relay is used
to perform it and therefore it will click while measuring.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
bState
BOOL Determines whether or not Offset Ohms is enabled. The value
TRUE enables, FALSE disables it.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Function succeeded.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
status = DMMSetOffsetOhms(0, TRUE); // enable OffsetOhms
DMMSetRange
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the DMM range for the present function.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetRange(int nDmm, int nRange)
Remarks
This function sets the range used by the DMM for the present function. The table of
values is defined by the _330mV, _3mA, etc. definitions in the DLL header file. Not all
ranges are available for all DMM types. For instance the SMX2044 has a 33 Ohms
range, and the SMX2040 does not.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
nRange
int A pre-defined constant corresponding to the desired range.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM initialized successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
DMM_E_RANGE
Invalid DMM range value.
Example
status = DMMSetRange(0, _330mA);
DMMSetRate
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
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Set the DMM reading rate.
Description
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetRate(int nDmm, int nRate)
This function sets the reading rate used by the DMM. The table of values is
defined by the RATE_ values in the header file. It is important to note that the
actual range may be effected by the speed of the CPU as well as other processes
running in the background, consuming CPU resources. In order to improve the
DMM’s measurement rate you may need to do one of the following. Stop or
lower the thread priority of competing processes, and/or raise the thread priority
of the DMM.
Remarks
Thread Priorities can be manipulated manually, or in a programming
environment. manually: In the Windows Task Manager, select the "Processes"
tab, then right click on the process and select "Set Priority". In a programming
envirmonment: Windows provides an API for managing the priority of different
threads. For instance, in C/C++, the functions SetPriorityClass() and
SetThreadPriority() can be used to manage the thread priority
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
nRate
int A pre-defined constant (RATE_*) corresponding to the desired
reading rate.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM initialized successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
DMM_E_RATE
Invalid DMM reading rate.
status = DMMSetRate(0, RATE_0P1); // Set to 0.1rps
DMMSetRelative
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Signametrics
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Description
Set the DMM relative reading mode for the present function.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetRelative(int nDmm, BOOL bRelative)
Remarks
This function selects relative or absolute reading mode for the DMM. If the bRelative
parameter value is TRUE, the DMM will change to relative reading mode. If FALSE,
the DMM will change to absolute reading mode. Caution: Do not select
DMMSetRelative when in the autorange mode.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
bRelative
BOOL TRUE to enter relative mode, FALSE to clear mode.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
DMM mode changed successfully.
Negative Value
Error code
status = DMMSetRelative(0, TRUE);
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DMMSetResistance
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the resistance value to be synthesized
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetResistance(int nDmm, double ldResistance)
Remarks
This function sets the value of the resistance to be synthesized. The DMM must be in
Synthesized Resistance function for this function to be usable. The currently set external
shunt resistor value effects the Synthesized Resistance operation. The ldResistance value
must be between 10.0 to 0e6 (10MΩ). It is available with S/W versions 1.71 or higher.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
ldResistance
double Resistance value to be synthesized. Value from 10 to 10e6.
Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
DMMSetResistance(0, 10000.0); // Synthesize 10kΩ
Example
DMMSetRTD
SMX2040 † SMX2040 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the RTD parameters.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetRTD(int nDmm, int iWires, double FAR ldRo)
Remarks
This Secondary function sets the RTD parameters. The DMM must be in RTD
measurement function for this function to execute properly. iWires selects between
3-wire and 4-wire RTD (3-wire RTDs are not implemented in this version of software).
ldRo sets the RTD Ro (Ice point resistance). This function must follow the selection of
the basic RTD type, using DMMSetRange, since it modifies the default Ro parameter for
the selected RTD.
Return Value
Signametrics
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iWires
int RTD’s number of connecting wires RTD_4_W or RTD_3_W
ldRo
double FAR Ro resistance. See specs for allowed range for each
RTD type.
Integer error code.
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Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
DMMSetFunction(0, RTD);
// RTD measurement function
DMMSetRange(0, 1 _pt385);
// Select RTD
DMMSetRTD(0, RTD_4_W, 1000.0); // Set Ro = 1k Ohms
DMMSetSensoreParams
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the cold junction temperature sensor equation parameters.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetSensorParams(int nDmm, double lda, double ldm, double ldb)
Remarks
Set the cold junction temperature sensor’s equation parameters. Where the temperature of
the cold junction equals to (Vcjs - lda) / ldm + ldb, where Vcjs is the cold junction
sensor output. This function is used to calculate the cold junction temperature by
converting the sensor voltage to temperature. For more information read about
DMMReadCJTemp().
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lda
double
the ‘a’ parameter.
ldm
double
the ‘m’ parameter.
ldb
double
the ‘b’ parameter.
Return Value
Example
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
DMMSetSensorParams(0, 0.558, -0.002, 22.0);// set parameters
DMMSetSourceMode
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the DCV and ACV sources to ClosedLoop, or OpenLoop mode.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetSourceMode(int nDmm, int iMode)
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Remarks
This Secondary function sets the DC and AC voltage sources to either OPEN_LOOP or
CLOSED_LOOP. In CLOSED_LOOP the sources use the main 12 bit source DAC. In
CLOSED_LOOP the Trim DAC is also used, which augments the 12 bit DAC to
produce 16 effective bits. Open loop updates are very quick. In ClosedLoop mode the
source level is adjusted every time the DMM is read, making small corrections until the
reading is equal to the set voltage. However, for the ClosedLoop mode to update the
source level, it is necessary to read the DMM multiple times. See DMMSetDCVSource
and DMMSetACVSource for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iMode
int Source adjustment mode: CLOSED_LOOP or OPEN_LOOP
Return Value
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
DMMSetSourceMode(0, CLOSED_LOOP); // Select closed loop mode
DMMSetSynchronized
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Enable or disable Synchroneous operation of the DMM.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMSetSynchronized(int nDmm, BOOL bSync)
Remarks
This function enables or disables the Synchronized operation of the DMM. Default
operation is non-synchronized. Select the Synchronized mode when it is necessary to
settle full scale input transitions from one reading to the next, and maintain the accuracy
of the DMM. This is appropriate for VDC, Ohms, Leakage, DCI, Diode and Guarded
Ohms. The result of the synchronized mode is a reduced measurement rate. To run
synchronized, reading rate must be set to 10 rps or higher.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
bSync
BOOL Determines whether or not synchronized operation is enabled.
TRUE enables and FALSE disables synchronization. The default is
FALSE.
Return Value
Signametrics
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Function succeeded.
Negative Value
Error code
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Example
int status = DMMSetSynchronized(0, FALSE); // Cancell sync.
DMMSetTCType
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Set Thermocouple type.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetTCType(int nDmm, int iType)
Remarks
This function selects the thermocouple type to be measured and linearized. It must be one
of the following: B, E, J, K, N, R, S or T.
Parameter
Type/Description
NDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iTempUnits
int The thermocouple type to be selected. This value can be set from
BTyppe to TType as defined in the UserDMM.H file.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Function succeeded.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
int status = DMMSetTCType(0, NType) // select N type TC
DMMSetTempUnits
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Set temperature units to °C or °F.
Description
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetTempUnits(int nDmm, int iTempUnits)
This function sets the temperature units to either °C or °F. This is applicable to both the
on-board temperature sensor and the RTD measurements.
Remarks
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iTempUnits
int Temperature units can be either DEG_F for °F, or DEG_C for °C.
The default is °C.
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Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Function succeeded.
Negative Value
Error code
int status = DMMSetTempUnits(0, DEG_F) // set units to °F
Example
DMMSetTrigRead
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Setup the DMM for mutiple Triggered readings operation.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetTrigRead(int nDmm, int iSettle, int iSamples, int iEdge)
Remarks
Setup the SMX2040 for external hardware trigger operation. Following reception of this
command the DMM enters a wait state. After reception of an external trigger edge of
iEdge polarity, the DMM takes iSettle + 1 readings at the set measurement function,
range, and reading rate; and sends the last reading. This process is repeated for iSamples.
iSamples Trigger pulses must be issued to complete this process. This function is
particularly useful in conjunction with a triggering instruments such as the SM4042 relay
scanner. No autoranging is allowed in this mode. The number of trigger edges must be
equal or greater than iSamples to properly terminate this mode. Following the issue of the
DMMSetTrigRead command, and until the sampling process ends, it is necessary to
read the samples from the DMM using the DMMReadMeasurement command. This
will prevent an Overrun communication error, whereby the rate at which measurement
are read does not keep up with the DMM transmission. The DMM has a built in 5
readings fifo to reduce this problem. This function is usable for VDC, VAC, Ohms, IAC,
IDC and RTD measurements.
Use the DMMReadMeasurement to both, monitor when the DMM has new data, and
to read this data. Read as many samples as iSamples to guarantee proper termination of
this capture process.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iSettle
int The number of setteling measurements, prior to read value. Must
be set between 0 and 120. Recommanded value is 4.
iSamples
int The number of samples the DMM takes following the same
number of trigger pulses. This number must be between 1 and 250,
inclusive.
iEdge
Int The edge polarity of the trigger signal. 1 for Positive, or leading
edge, and 0 for negative or trailing edge trigger.
Return Value
Signametrics
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated
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Error code.
Negative Value
Example
double Reading[150];
DMMSetTrigRead(0, 4, 150, 0); // Negative edge, 4
//setteling readings, and 150 samples/triggers
for(i=0; i < 150 ; i++)
// read buffer
while( ! DMMReadMeasurement(0 , Reading[i]) );
DMMSetTrimDAC
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Set the Trim DAC level.
#include "sm204032.h"
#include "UserDMM.h"
int DMMSetTrimDAC(int nDmm, int iValue)
Remarks
This Secondary function sets the Trim DAC to a value between 0 and 100. The trim
DAC can be set to augment the main 12 bit DAC, whenever it is not automatically
performed, such as in VDC and VAC source while OPEN_LOOP mode is selected. An
example would be in DCI source, or when setting the Comparator Threshold. This
function consumes a lot of the on-board microcontroller’s resources and must be turned
off when not in use. Use DMMDisableTrimDAC to turn off. With the Trim DAC the
effective resolution of the composite DAC is increased to 16 bits. With iValue set to 100,
the Trim DAC adds slightly over 1 LSB of the 12 bit DAC. See DMMSetDCVSource
and DMMSetACVSource for more details.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iValue
int Amplitude can be set from 0 to 100, corresponding to 0% to
100% Trim DAC level.
Return Value
Example
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
DMMSetDCVSource(0, 5.0); // Set source to 5V
DMMSetTrimDAC(0, 50);
// add about 2.5mV to output
DMMStartTotalizer
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Clear the totalized value and start the totalizer.
#include "UserDMM.h"
#include "sm204032.h"
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int DMMStartTotalizer(int nDmm, int Edge)
Remarks
This is a Secondary function and the DMM must be in ACV measurement function, and
a valid range must be selected. This function clears the Totalized count, sets the edge
sense, and starts the Totalizer. The totalized value can be read during the accumulation
period. However, it could affect the count by the interruption. If no reads are performed
during accumulation, the input rate can be as high as 45 kHz. If reads are performed
during the accumulation period, this rate could be as low as 20 kHz. The Threshold DAC
sets the level at which signals are counted. During accumulation, no other command
(except DMMReadTotalizer) should be used. When done, this function must be turned
off using DMMStopTotalizer. After the Totalizer is stopped, the accumulated result can
be read using DMMReadTotalizer. A normal procedure would be to set the DMM to
the ACV function, select voltage range, set the Threshold DAC, start the totalizer, wait
for the time required, stop and read the total. The total number of events is limited to
1,000,000,000.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Edge
int Identifies the edge of the counter. If TRAILING (0) count
negative edges, if LEADING (1) count positive edges
Return Value
Example
Integer error code.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully completed.
Negative Value
Error code
int status = DMMStartTotalizer(0, LEADING);
Signametrics
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DMMStopTotalizer
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Terminate the accumulation process of the Totalizer.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMStopTotalizer(int nDmm)
Remarks
This function stops the accumulation process. Following this function, the totalized value
can be read. For details see DMMStartTotalizer.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation was successful.
Negative Value
Error code
int status = DMMStopTotalizer(0);
DMMTerminate
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Terminate DMM operation (DLL)
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMTerminate(int nDmm)
Remarks
Removes DMM number nDmm. This routine is used only where it is needed to terminate
one DMM and start a new one at the same nDmm location. Otherwise, it is not
recommended to use this function.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM to be suspended.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
TRUE
DMM Terminated
FALSE
DMM was not initialized, termination is redundant.
DMMTerminate(0); /* Terminate DMM # 0 */
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DMMTrigger
SMX2040 ; SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Software Trigger the DMM. Take iSamples.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMTrigger(int nDmm, int iSamples)
Remarks
Following reception of this command, the SMX2040 DMM makes iSamples readings at
the currently set function, range and rate, and stores them in an internal buffer. Rate can
be set between 10 to 1000 readings per second. No autoranging is allowed for this
trigger operation. Between the time the DMMTrigger command is issued and the time
the buffer is read, no other command should be sent to the DMM. Use the DMMReady
function to monitor when the DMM is ready (ready implies completion of iSamples).
When ready, you can optionally read a single reading or up to iSamples, using
DMMReadBuffer.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
iSamples
int The number of samples the DMM takes following a trigger pulse.
This number must be between 1 and 64, inclusive.
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Operation successfully terminated.
DMM_E_INIT
DMM is uninitialized. Must be initialize prior to using any function.
DMM_TRIG_N
Measurement count is out of allowed range.
DMM_E_DMM
Invalid DMM number.
double Buffer[64];
int state;
DMMTrigger(0,64);
while( ! DMMReady(0));
for(i=0; i < 64 ; i++)
state = DMMReadBuffer(0, &Buffer[i]);
DMMWidthStr
SMX2040 † SMX2042 ; SMX2044 ;
Description
Return positive and negative pulse width in string format.
#include "sm204032.h"
int DMMWidthStr(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszPos, LPSTR lpszNeg)
Remarks
This Secondary function is the string equivalent of DMMReadWidth. The
measurement results are stored at the location pointed to by lpszPos and lpszNeg. See
DMMReadWidth for more details.
Signametrics
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Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
lpszPos
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
positive width result.
lpszNeg
LPSTR Points to a buffer (at least 16 characters long) to hold the
negative width result.
Return Value
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Valid return.
Negative Value
Error code
Example
char cBuf[17]; int status = DMMWidthStr(0, cBuf);
SetACCapsFreq
SMX2040 † SMX2042 † SMX2044 ;
Description
Sets the frequency of the AC capacitance source.
#include "sm204032.h"
int SetACCapsFreq(int nDmm, LPSTR lpszPos, doouble dFrequency)
Remarks
This service function allows the modification of the AC source frequency. This is only
active during in-circuit capacitance test. The frequency may be set between 10Hz and
75kHz.
Parameter
Type/Description
nDmm
int Identifies the DMM. DMMs are numbered starting with zero.
dFrequency
doulbe The frequency to be set (10 to 75,000).
Return Value
Example
The return value is one of the following constants.
Value
Meaning
DMM_OKAY
Valid return.
Negative Value
Error code
SetACCapsFreq(0, 10000.0) // Set the frequency to 10kHz
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6.0 Maintenance
Warning
These service instructions are for use by qualified personnel only. To avoid electric shock, do not perform
any procedures in this section unless you are qualified to do so.
This section presents maintenance information for the DMM.
Test equipment recommended for calibration is listed below. If the recommended equipment is not available,
equipment that meets the indicated minimum specifications may be substituted. In general, the calibration
equipment should be at least three times more accurate than the DMM specifications.
Table 9-1. Recommended Test Equipment
Instrument Type
Minimum Specifications
Recommended Model
DC Voltage Range: 0-300 V
Voltage Accuracy: 9 ppm
AC Voltage Range: 0-250 V
Voltage Accuracy: 0.014%
Multi-Function Calibrator
Resistance Range: 0-330 MΩ
Resistance Accuracy: 22 ppm
Fluke 5520A
DC Current Range: 0-2.5 A
Current Accuracy: 0.008%
AC Current Range: 50 uA – 2.5 A
Current Accuracy: 0.05%
Capacitance Range: 10 ηF – 10 mF
Capacitance Accuracy: 0.19%
Signametrics
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6.1 Performance Tests
This test compares the performance of the SMX2040/44 with the specifications given in Section 2. The test is
recommended as an acceptance test when the instrument is first received, and as a verification after performing the
calibration procedure. To ensure proper performance, the test must be performed with the SMX2040 installed, with
the covers on. The ambient temperature must be between 18°C to 28°C. Allow the SMX2040 to warm up at least
one-half hour before performing any of the tests. The default reading rate of the SMX2040 should be used in each
test.
6.2 DC Voltage Test
The following procedure may be used to verify the accuracy of the DCV function:
1. If you have not done so, install the SMX2040. Ensure that the chassis has been on for at least one-half hour, with
all covers on, before conducting this test.
2. Apply a high quality copper wire short to the SMX2040 V,Ω + & - inputs. Select the DCV function, Autorange.
Allow the SMX2040 to settle for several seconds, and perform the Relative function.
3. Apply the following DC voltages to the V, Ω + & - terminals. Check to see that the displayed reading on the
SMX2040 is within the indicated range.
Table 9-2. DC Voltage Test
Step
Range
Input
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
330 mV
330 mV
330 mV
3.3 V
3.3 V
33 V
33 V
330 V
330 V
0V (short)
190 mV
-190 mV
1.9 V
-1.9 V
19 V
-19 V
190 V
-190 V
Minimum Reading
-8 µV
189.9787mV
-190.0213 mV
1.899898 V
-1.900102 V
18.99834 V
-19.00166 V
189.9833 V
-190.0167 V
117
Maximum Reading
+8 µV
190.0213 mV
–189.9787 mV
1.900102 V
-1.899898 V
19.00166 V
-18.99834 V
190.0167 V
-189.9833 V
Signametrics
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6.3 Resistance Test, 2-wire
The following procedure may be used to verify the accuracy of the 2-wire function.
1. If you have not done so, install the SMX2040 and place the covers back on to the computer. Ensure that the
computer has been on for at least one-half hour, with the covers on, before conducting this test.
2. Connect the SMX2040 V,Ω + & - terminals to the calibrator HI & LO Outputs. Output
0 Ω from the calibrator. Allow the SMX2040 to settle for a few seconds, and perform the Relative function. (This
effectively nulls out the lead resistance of your cabling. If you are using a Fluke 5700A or 5520A Calibrator, the
2-wire Compensation feature will give a more accurate 2-wire ohms measurement. See the Fluke Operator's
Manual for further instructions.)
3. Apply the following Resistance values to the V, Ω + & - terminals . Check to see that the displayed reading on
the SMX2040 is within the indicated range.
Table 9-3 Resistance Test, 2-wire
Step
Range
1
33 Ω [1]
2
330 Ω
3
3.3 kΩ
4
33 kΩ
5
330 kΩ
6
3.3 MΩ
7
33 MΩ
8
330 MΩ [1]
[1] SMX2044 only
Input
10 Ω
100 Ω
1 kΩ
10 kΩ
100 kΩ
1 MΩ
10 MΩ
100 MΩ
Minimum Reading
9.9972 Ω
99.987 Ω
0.999917 kΩ
9.99905 kΩ
99.986 kΩ
0.99942 MΩ
9.973 MΩ
97.92 MΩ
Maximum Reading
10.0028 Ω
100.013 Ω
1.000083 kΩ
10.00095 kΩ
100.014 kΩ
1.00058 MΩ
10.027 MΩ
102.08 MΩ
6.4 Resistance Test, 4-wire
The following procedure may be used to verify the accuracy of the 4-wire function.
1. If you have not done so, install the SMX2040 and place the covers back on to the chassis. Ensure that the
computer has been on for at least one-half hour, with the covers on, before conducting this test.
2. Connect the SMX2040 V,Ω + & - terminals to the calibrator HI & LO Output. Connect the SMX2040 I, 4WΩ
+ & - terminals to the HI & LO Sense terminals.
3. Select the 4WΩ function on the SMX2040, Autorange. Set the calibrator to 0 Ω. Be certain that the calibrator is
set to external sense ("EX SNS" on the Fluke 5700A or “4-Wire Comp” on the 5520A). Allow the SMX2040 to
settle for a few seconds, and perform the Relative function.
4. Apply the following Resistance values to the V, Ω + & - terminals. Check to see that the displayed reading on
the SMX2040 is within the indicated range.
Signametrics
118
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Table 9-4 Resistance Test, 4-wire
Step
Range
Input
Minimum Reading
Maximum Reading
1
33 Ω [1]
0Ω
-2 mΩ
2 mΩ
1
33 Ω [1]
10 Ω
9.9972 Ω
10.0028 Ω
1
330 Ω
0Ω
-6 mΩ
6 mΩ
2
330 Ω
100 Ω
99.987 Ω
100.013 Ω
3
3.3 kΩ
0Ω
-33 mΩ
33 mΩ
4
3.3 kΩ
1 kΩ
0.999917 kΩ
1.000083 kΩ
5
33 kΩ
0Ω
-350 mΩ
350 mΩ
5
33 kΩ
10 kΩ
9.99905 kΩ
10.00095 kΩ
5
330 kΩ
0Ω
-5 Ω
5Ω
6
330 kΩ
100 kΩ
99.986 kΩ
100.014 kΩ
[1] SMX2044 only.
Note: The use of 4-wire Ohms for resistance values above 300 kΩ is not recommended.
119
Signametrics
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6.5 AC Voltage Test
The following procedure may be used to verify the accuracy of the ACV function:
1. If you have not done so, install the SMX2040 and place the covers back on to the chassis. Ensure that the
computer has been on for at least one-half hour, with the covers on, before conducting this test.
2. Apply the following AC voltages to the V, Ω + & - terminals. Check to see that the displayed reading on the
SMX2040 is within the indicated readings range.
Table 9-5. Mid-Frequency AC Voltage Tests
All inputs are a sine wave at 400 Hz.
Step
Range
Input
Minimum Reading
1
2
4
5
6
7
8
9
330 mV
330 mV
3.3 V
3.3 V
33 V
33 V
250 V
250 V
10 mV
190 mV
100 mV
1.9 V
1V
19 V
10 V
190 V
9.865 mV
189.595 mV
0.098735 V
1.897565 V
0.98327 V
18.97313 V
9.864 V
189.756 V
Maximum reading
10.135 mV
190.405 mV
0.101265 V
1.902435 V
1.01673 V
19.02687 V
10.136 V
190.244 V
Table 9-6. High-Frequency AC Voltage Tests
All inputs are at 50 kHz.
Step
Range
Input
1
2
4
5
6
7
8
9
330 mV
330 mV
3.3 V
3.3 V
33 V
33 V
250 V
250 V
10 mV
190 mV
100 mV
1.9 V
1V
19 V
10 V
100 V
Signametrics
Minimum Reading
9.707 mV
188.573 mV
0.0978 V
1.8852 V
0.9715 V
18.9085 V
9.755 V
99.35 V
Maximum Reading
10.293 mV
191.427 mV
0.1022 V
1.9148 V
1.0285 V
19.0915 V
10.245 V
100.65 V
120
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6.6 DC Current Test
The following procedure may be used to verify the accuracy of the DCI function:
1. If you have not done so, install the SMX2040 and place the covers back on to the computer. Ensure that the
computer has been on for at least one-half hour, with the covers on, before conducting this test.
2. Remove all connections from the SMX2040 inputs. Select the DCI function, Autorange. Allow the SMX2040
to settle for a few seconds, and perform the Relative function.
3. Apply the following DC currents to the I,4Ω + & - terminals. Check to see that the displayed reading on the
SMX2040 is within the indicated readings range.
Table 9-7. DC Current Test
Step
Range
Input
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
3.3 mA
3.3 mA
33 mA
33 mA
330 mA
330 mA
2.5 A
2.5 A
0 mA (open)
1 mA
0 mA (open)
10 mA
0 mA (open)
100 mA
0A
1A
Minimum Reading
-0.0004 mA
0.9986 mA
-0.003 mA
9.987 mA
-0.060 mA
99.865 mA
-0.00035 A
0.99315 A
Maximum reading
0.0004 mA
1.0014 mA
0.003 mA
10.013 mA
0.060 mA
100.135 mA
0.00035 A
1.00685 A
6.7 AC Current Test
The following procedure may be used to verify the accuracy of the ACI function:
1. If you have not done so, install the SMX2040 and place the covers back on to the computer. Ensure that the
computer has been on for at least one-half hour, with the covers on, before conducting this test.
2. Remove all connections from the SMX2040 inputs. Select the ACI function, Autorange.
3. Apply the following AC currents to the I,4Ω + & - terminals. Check to see that the displayed reading on the
SMX2040 is within the indicated readings range.
Table 9-8. AC Current Test
All Inputs are at 400Hz
Step
Range
Input
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
3.3 mA
3.3 mA
33 mA
33 mA
330 mA
330 mA
2.5 A
2.5 A
0.1 mA
1 mA
1 mA
10 mA
10 mA
100 mA
100 mA
1A
Minimum Reading
0.09588 mA
0.9948 mA
0.9684 mA
9.954 mA
9.758 mA
99.56 mA
0.09535 A
0.9895 A
121
Maximum reading
0.100412 mA
1.0052 mA
1.0316 mA
10.046 mA
10.242 mA
100.44 mA
0.10465 A
1.0105 A
Signametrics
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6.8 Capacitance Test (SMX2044 only)
The following procedure may be used to verify the accuracy of the Capacitance function.
1. If you have not done so, install the DMM and place the covers back on to the computer. Ensure that the
computer has been on for at least one-half hour, with the covers on, before conducting this test.
2. Connect the DMM V,Ω + & - terminals to the calibrator HI & LO Outputs. Attach the test leads to the DMM,
leaving the other end open circuited. Allow the DMM to settle for a few seconds, and perform the Relative
function. (This effectively nulls out the lead capacitance of your cabling.
3. Apply the following Capacitance values to the V, Ω + & - terminals. Check to see that the displayed reading on
the SMX2044 is within the indicated range of readings.
Step
Range
Input
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10 ηF
100 ηF
1 µF
10 µF
100 µF
1 mF
10 mF
10 ηF
100 ηF
1 µF
10 µF
100 µF
1 mF
10 mF
Signametrics
Minimum Reading
Maximum reading
10.215 ηF
101 ηF
1.01 µF
10.1 µF
101 µF
9.785 ηF
99 ηF
0.99 µF
9.9 µF
99 µF
0.988 mF
9.8 mF
1.012 mF
10.2 mF
122
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6.9 Frequency Counter Test (SMX2044 only)
The following procedure may be used to verify the accuracy of the Frequency Counter:
1. If you have not done so, install the DMM and place the covers back on to the computer. Ensure that the
computer has been on for at least one-half hour, with the covers on, before conducting this test.
2. Select the ACV function, autorange. Turn freq on.
3. Apply the following AC voltages to the V, Ω + & - terminals. Check to see that the displayed reading on the
SMX2044 is within the indicated range of readings.
Table 9-9. ACV Frequency Counter Test
Step
Range
Input
Minimum Reading
1
2
3
4
5
6
330 mV
3.3 V
33 V
330 V
330 mV
33 V
33 mV, 40 Hz
330 mV, 40 Hz
3.3 V, 40 Hz
33 V, 40 Hz
250 mV, 100 kHz
25 V, 100 kHz
39.9952 Hz
39.9952 Hz
39.9952 Hz
39.9952 Hz
99.996 kHz
99.996 kHz
Maximum reading
40.0048 Hz
40.0048 Hz
40.0048 Hz
40.0048 Hz
100.004 kHz
100.004 kHz
2. Select the ACI function, autorange. Turn freq on.
3. Apply the following AC currents to the I,4Ω + & - terminals. Check to see that the displayed reading on the
SMX2040 is within the indicated range of readings.
Table 9-10. ACI Frequency Counter Test
Step
Range
Input
1
2
3
3.3 mA
33 mA
330 mA
330 uA, 40 Hz
15 mA, 40 Hz
150 mA, 40 Hz
Counter Reading
123
Tolerance
Signametrics
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6.10 Calibration
Each SMX2040 DMM uses its own SM40CAL.DAT calibration file to ensure the accuracy of its functions and
ranges. The SM40CAL.DAT file is a text file that contains the DMM identification number, calibration date, and
calibration constants for all DMM ranges. For most functions, the calibration constants are scale factor and offset
terms that solve the "y = mx + b" equation for each range An input "x" is corrected using a scale factor term "m"
and an offset term "b"; this gives the desired DMM reading, "y". Keep in mind that for ranges and functions that
are unavailable for a particular product in the SMX2040 family, the calibration record contains a place-holder. An
example SM40CAL.DAT is shown:
card_id
ad
72.0
vdc
-386.0
-37.0
-83.0
-8.8
vac
5.303
0.84
0.0043
0.0
0.0
idc
-1450.0
-176.0
-1450.0
-176.0
iac
1.6
0.0
1.69
0.0
2w-ohm
1.27e+4
1256.0
110.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10123 type 2044 calibration_date 06/15/1999
; A/D compensation
20.0
; VDC 330mV, 3.3V, 33V, 330V ranges, offset and gain parameters
0.99961
0.999991
0.999795
1.00015
; VAC 1st line - DC offset. Than offset, gain and freq each range 330mV to 250V
1.015461
23
1.0256
23
1.02205
0
1.031386
0
; IDC 3.3mA to 2.5A ranges, offset and gain
1.00103
1.00602
1.00482
1.00001
; IAC 3.3mA to 2.5A ranges, offset and gain
1.02402
1.03357
1.00513
1.0142
; Ohms 33, 330, 3.3k,33k,330k,3.3M,33M,330Meg ranges, offset and gain
1.002259
1.002307
1.002665
1.006304
1.003066
1.001848
0.995664
1.00030
The first column under any function, e.g.,"vdc", is the offset term "b", expressed as a value proportional to
analog-to-digital (a/d) counts. The second column is the scale factor term "m". Within each function, the "b" and
"m" terms are listed with the lowest range at the beginning. For example, under "2w-ohm" above, "1.27e+4
1.002259" represents the offset term for the 33 Ω range, and "1.002259" is the scale factor for this range. This
record must be for the SMX2044 since the SMX2040 does not have the 33 Ohms range, and therefore these values
will be set to 0.0 and 1.0.
For the ACV function, the first line in the calibration record is the DC offset value. The rest of the lines contain the
RMS offset, gain correction factor, and a third column that represents a digital code from 0 to 31 that controls the
high frequency performance of each AC function. A large value, e.g., 31, implies high attenuation.
The SM40CAL.DAT file is created by performing external calibration. The general calibration algorithm consists
of applying a zero value to the DMM followed by a value of 2/3rd of the top of each range. Calibration of your
SMX2040 is best performed using calibration software available from Signametrics.
When using multiple DMMs in a single chassis, the SM40CAL.DAT file must have a calibration record for each
DMM. You can combine the unique calibration records of each DMM into one SM40CAL.DAT file using any
ASCII text editor.
Signametrics
124
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7.0 Warranty and Service
The SMX2040 is warranted for a period of one year from date of purchase.
If your unit requires repair or calibration, contact your Signametrics representative. There are no user serviceable
parts within the SMX2040. Removal of any of the three external shields will invalidate your warranty. For inwarranty repairs, you must obtain a return authorization from Signametrics prior to returning your unit.
8.0 Accessories
Several accessories are available for the SMX2040 DMMs, which can be purchased directly from Signametrics, or
one of its distributors or representatives. These include:
•
Basic DMM probes
•
DMM probe kit
•
Deluxe DMM probe set
•
Shielded SMT Tweezer Probes
•
Multi Stacking Double Banana shielded cable 36”
•
Multi Stacking Double Banana shielded cable 48”
•
Mini DIN-7 Trigger, 6-Wire Ohms connector
•
4-Wire Kelvin probes
`
125
Signametrics
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