Technical Manual of the Calibration Software of the BORA

Technical Manual of the Calibration Software of the BORA
Technical Manual of the
Calibration Software of the BORA
Injection System
(Installer Version)
Technical Manual of the
Calibration Software of the
Bora Injection System
MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
Technical Document ID:
MT-IS-SWI-BORA-01.04-E
Rev.
Date
0
07/12/2012
Amendment
Description
First Issue
1
09/01/2014
Second Issue
2
19/01/2015
3
06/07/2016
4
23/03/2017
Third
Issue
Fourth
Issue
Fifth
Issue
Issued by
Checked/Approved
Technical
Department MT
Technical
Department MT
Technical
Department MT
Technical
Department MT
Technical
Department MT
Technical Manager
R&D
Technical Manager
R&D
Technical Manager
R&D
Technical Manager
R&D
Technical Manager
R&D
FOREWORD
This manual is not intended as exhaustive in regards to the calibration and management of the
BORA system; this activity requires the support of specific equipment as well as the presence of
specialised personnel.
Its goal therefore is to give guidelines in regards to the management and calibration activity of the
BORA injection system.
In this regard, ZAVOLI S.r.l. declines any responsibility for system malfunctioning attributable to
it being tampered with by personnel that is unauthorised to carry out such operations, and is
therefore susceptible to the non-continuation of the warranty.
It is understood that, ZAVOLI S.r.l. reserves the right to every further amendment of the software
following any new application techniques, therefore, the same does not guarantee any future
malfunctioning due to the manual not being updated.
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Technical Manual of the
Calibration Software of the
Bora Injection System
MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
Main Table of Contents
Page
Introduction ............................................................... .....4
Minimum computer requisites................................................ ......4
Software Installation.............................................................
......4
1.
1.1
2.
3.
Main Menu................................................................. .....5
Programming.............................................................. .....7
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
12.
13.
Control Unit Programming.....................................................
Control Unit Inizialize….........................................................
Parameters................................................................................
Sensors.......................................................................................
Self-Calibration........................................................................
Save Configuration...................................................................
Program Ecu……….................................................................
......8
......8
......10
......12
......14
......15
......16
Map..............................................................................
Map Easy....................................................................
Gas/Petrol...................................................................
Gas Strategies.............................................................
Adaptivity…………………………………………...
Acquisitions................................................................
Acquisitions History...................................................
Diagnostics..................................................................
.....17
.....19
.....21
.....24
….25
.....28
.....30
.....31
System........................................................................................
Actuators Test...........................................................................
View Errors...............................................................................
Info Ecu.....................................................................................
......31
......32
......33
......34
Standard Error Codes Bora...................................... .....37
Bora Program Error Code........................................ .....38
Page 3 of 38
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Technical Manual of the
Calibration Software of the
Bora Injection System
MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
Introduction
The new software is characterised by a totally innovative approach and strongly aimed at the
management of gas, as fuel for the most recent spark-ignition engines.
The main innovation resides in the engine control software inside the control units that, thanks to
the new management algorithms, allows for the optimisation of the gaseous fuel dosing in a simple
and innovative way, allowing the installer to easily obtain the best results. In order to guarantee the
greatest integration with the petrol engine control system and to satisfy the OBD requisites, the BORA
software is equipped with advanced diagnostics of the gas system enabling communication with the
original OBD system of the vehicle. The calibration Software has changed in both appearance and
functionality, but also trying to help out installers as much as possible. The calibration software can
be accessed without necessarily being directly connected to the control unit. To connect to the control
unit instead, it will be necessary to have the pc and the control unit properly connected by means of
an interface cable and a usb-serial adapter (if the PC is not equipped with a Serial port) that can be
purchased from any retailer. Furthermore, the control unit must be connected to the +12V battery
(Red wire) and to the ground wire (Black wire).
1. Minimum computer requisites
Operating system: - Windows XP Service Pack 3, VISTA, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10
Windows or successive versions.
Memory ( ram ) : - At least 128 Mbyte.
Hard disk: - At least 1 Gbyte of free space at the moment of installation.
Video resolution: - 1024 x 768 or greater.
1.1. Software installation
To install the calibration software, insert the CD-ROM into the computer and wait for it to open the
Setup Wizard window. If the installation program does not start, select "Start" in the "Taskbar".
Choose "Run" and type: "D:\setup.exe" (where D stands for the CD-ROM player). During
installation, you will be asked in which directory you choose to install the program; we recommend
not changing the pre-set directory.
Once installation is completed, the icon of the program will be automatically created on the desktop.
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Technical Manual of the
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2. Main Menu
5
3
4
2
1
Fig. 2-1
The program start window will appear as shown in fig. 2-1. All information will be displayed on a
single screen making navigating simple and intuitive.
The software version installed on the PC can also be read at the centre, without the user having to
perform any special operation.
The lower part of the page shows the following information, Figure 2-2:
Fig. 2-2
1
1) It indicates whether the control unit is connected or not to the calibration software.
When the program is opened it will automatically try to connect to the control unit. If the program
does not connect, an error page will open.
At this point check:
- The connection of the serial interface,
That the control unit is connected to the battery and to the ground wire,
- If the ignition has been switched off for more than an hour, in order to connect you will need
to enter the key in the panel for a few seconds, or start the vehicle.
- The control unit version.
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Technical Manual of the
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2) Gas ECU status:
2
-
Change-over switch status
Presence of errors in the gas ECU
OBD connection type
Presence of errors in the petrol ECU.
The Software version of the control unit.
3) The central part shows the following information Figure 2-3:
3
Fig.2-3
Activate the connection between PC and ECU.
Accesses a calibration previously saved on pc and navigates the
software in the off-line mode.
Closes the connection between PC and ECU.
From the drop-down menu allows to choose the language of the
software.
Set the communication parameters of the PC ports.
Displays the charts saved on the PC.
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Technical Manual of the
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4) It is possible to draw all the information relating to the management and calibration software
from this form.
LIVE UPDATE
This application automatically search for new and official software updates. Your PC must be
connected to the internet.
4
5) The superior part shows the following “information” we find:
5
Bora installation instructions.
Live Care to make connection with a remote support with technical Zavoli (you need
internet connection).
Information relating to the management and calibration software.
3. Programming
The programming procedure of the New BORA software is based on 2 different types of files:
1. File .S19
2. File .ZCL.
Files with the S19 extension contain the algorithms and strategies used by the systems equipped with
the New BORA Software. Each time the control unit is newly programmed, it is advisable to update
the S19 software with the latest version present on the PC (obviously the PC must also be updated).
This allows you to have available all the functionalities and strategies that have been implemented up
to that moment.
The files with .ZCL extension contain the characteristic data of the vehicle and of its mapping. For
example, they contain type of system, type of engine (aspirated or supercharged), mapping
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MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
parameters, calibration parameters of all the signals coming from the acquired sensors, commutation
parameters, any parameters for the GAS strategies, etc.
3.1. Control Unit Programming
If the control unit needs to be programmed, select the Inizialize control unit key from the main
screen. Two different programming modes are available:
• Control unit inizialize
• Control unit program
3.1.1. Control Unit inizialize
Control unit inizialize is carried out when wanting to install a new vehicle for which the Configuration
is not available. In such a case, proceed with the Configuration of the characteristic parameters and,
subsequently, with the actual self-mapping. The control unit inizialize procedure consists of a first
step, which involves the selecting of the fuel type with which the vehicle was equipped, and then
selecting either LPG or Methane, fig. 3-1.
Fig.3-1
After having selected the box corresponding to the fuel type, LPG or Methane, simply press the
initialise key. The software and a standard mapping will be automatically sent to the control unit,
which will allow for the calibration of the vehicle. Once programming is completed, you will move
to the next step.
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dated 23/03/2017
Fig. 3-2 lists the main steps for the proper inizialize and configuration of the control unit.
Control unit initialisation
(choice of fuel,
LPG or Methane)
Parameters
(Identification of the type of
vehicle and setting of the
components of the system)
Sensors
(Select the type of sensor used)
Save configuration
Self-mapping
Save configuration
Fig.3-2
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Technical Manual of the
Calibration Software of the
Bora Injection System
MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
3.1.2. Parameters
It is the second step of the procedure; it is used to specify further information on the type of system
installed and of the vehicle. (see fig. 3-3).
Fig.3-3
In particular, it indicates whether the system is Aspirated or Supercharged(turbo).
Some of the parameters are pre-set and are the same for all the Bora systems on the market; usually
it is not necessary to modify them, others vary from vehicle to vehicle and therefore are to be set by
the installer. The following describes the standard parameters (Bora) and those that differ depending
on the system installed.
STANDARD BORA PARAMETERS DESCRIBE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE
INSTALLATION:
Petrol
• Engine displacement: indicate the total engine displacement in cubic centimetres (e.g. 1400
for a 1.4 litre engine).
NB. To confirm the value entered press the "Enter" key.
• Number of Cylinders: you must indicate the number of cylinders of the engine, which also
the corresponds to the number of gas injectors installed and the number of petrol injectors
connected.
• Engine Type: indicate whether it is a aspirated or a turbo engine.
• Injection Type: choose between sequential or semi-sequential type injection.
• START/STOP: indicate whether the vehicle is equipped with the Start/Stop device.
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•
MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
Bi-injection engines: Selecting this function for 4 cylinder engines that have 8 petrol
injectors. (for example, Nissan Juke/Nissan Qashqai).
GAS
• Injector Type: indicate the type of gas injector installed, choosing from the list of those
available. Remember that the choice of injectors depends on the vehicle's power: see sizing
table.
• OBD type: (Only for Bora systems): used to specify whether the system is connected with the
vehicle diagnosis connector and whether the K line (1 wire connected) or the CAN BUS (two
wires connected) line has been used. It is possible to determine the type of communication,
and therefore which types of connections to perform, by connecting an OBD tester to the
vehicle connector. As soon as the tester performs the communication, it will give its type with
a number from 1 to 9. The connections and selection must comply with the indications in the
following table.
Communication type on
OBD tester
From type 1 to type 3
Type 4 or type 5
Communication type set on Bora
interface
K-LINE
Not available
From type 6 to type 9
CAN BUS
•
Wires to connect
White on pin 7 OBD connector
Yellow on pin 6 and yellow/black on pin 14
OBD connector
Rmp signal: Allows the control unit to detect the revs signal via the BROWN wire.
- Not Connected: Select only if you are connecting map Standard and OEM.
- Coil: Selecting the system calculates the number of motor revs from the coil. Set "Pulse
Signals" as always "Undefined".
- RMP signal or crankshaft sensor: Selecting, the system prepares the reading of the Motor
Revs from the source such as: Phonic Wheel, Timing Sensor and rev counter exit. Set the
"Pulse Signals" as the number of pulses from the timing sensor or the number of phonic wheel
slots.
Selecting and by selecting the “magic wand”
icon near the selection window "signal
pulses" the gas ECU automatically recognize the type of signal generated by sensor on which
the Brow wire is connected. To enable the automatic recognition, the vehicle engine must
turned on and idling on petrol.
- Acqu. Coil: Selecting, the system prepares the reading of the Motor Revs directly acquiring
the signal from the coil. Setting from "Pulse Signals" the number of pulses of the coil. Also
in this case it is possible to use the “magic wand”, to automatically set the number of pulses
of the coil.
•
•
P1-Tgas: indicate the type of sensor used for gas pressure and temperature. The program
automatically proposes the sensor that is generally used for the pre-chosen application.
Water: View the type of sensor used. In the Bora systems equipped with the OBD
Communication function this information can be collected from the car's diagnosis.
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MAP
•
•
•
Not connected: Selecting, the MAP sensor is used only during the self-calibration phase. The
value of the map is calculated (recommended choice).
Standard: Selecting, the MAP sensor is left mounted on the vehicle.
OEM: Selecting, the White wire needs to be connected to the original MAP signal of the
vehicle, (see the diagram below).
3.1.3. Sensors
It is the Third step of the procedure; it is used to specify additional information about the type of
sensor installed and to enable the reading of the lambda probe. (see fig. 3-4).
Fig.3-4
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Lambda sensors
By selecting the type of gas Probe the Gas ECU allows the reading of the lambda probe signal. Before
selecting the type of Lambda Probe, it is necessary to check its operation.
If you want to read the value of the probe, connect the lambda probe to the PURPLE wire without
interrupting the original connection.
•
•
•
•
•
Standard: select with probe in voltage 0-1 Volt; 0-5 Volt; 0,8-1,6Volt.
Standard inverted: select with probe in voltage 5-0 Volt.
UEGO do not select and do not connect any wires when there are UEGO probes
Not connected: select if no wire is connected to the lambda probe.
Standard emul.: select in the event you want to perform an emulation of the lambda probe.
Connection the PURPLE wire in to original signal lambda probe.
Level sensor
This section is about calibrating the signal coming from the tank level sensor, so as to correctly display
the level on the LED of the change-over switch.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Zavoli 30K: set if the gas control unit is connected to a Zavoli 30K sensor (standard sensor
supplied by Zavoli); for connection refer to the gas control unit's assembly diagram.
Zavoli 30K S32: set if the Bora S32 gas control unit is connected to a Zavoli 30K sensor
(standard sensor supplied by Zavoli); for connection refer to the gas control unit's assembly
diagram.
0-90: set if the gas control unit is connected to a sensor with 0-90 output signal (standard
MTM sensor); for the connection refer to the assembly diagram of the gas control unit.
1050: set if the gas control unit is connected to an AEB1050 sensor; for the connection refer
to the assembly diagram of the gas control unit.
1090: set if the gas control unit is connected to an AEB1090 sensor; for the connection refer
to the assembly diagram of the gas control unit.
807: set if the gas control unit is connected to an AEB807 sensor; for the connection refer to
the assembly diagram of the gas control unit.
Sensata HP: set if the gas control unit is connected to a Sensata sensor; for the connection
refer to the assembly diagram of the gas control unit.
NON STANDARD: Set this option if a resistive LPG or METHANE sensor is connected to
a LINEAR variable signal (lower value (Ohm) with empty level and higher value (Ohm) with
full level).
INVERTED NON-STANDARD: Set this option if a resistive LPG or METHANE sensor is
connected to a INVERTED variable signal (higher value (Ohm) with empty level and lower
value (Ohm) with full level).
To correctly signal the gas level, it is very important to perform the electrical
connection as per the gas control diagram.
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dated 23/03/2017
By selecting the sensor installed, standard values are automatically set which, in most cases,
correspond to the proper calibration of the sensors. It is also possible to perform the calibration of the
level; it is necessary to position the vehicle with the tank emptied and to detect the sensor level signal
under these conditions and pressing the Empty tank detection key; the recorded value appears in the
box next to the key. After filling up with gas, it is sufficient to press the Full tank detection key, the
recorded value appears in the box next to the key.
Reserve Indicator Buzzer
Select “Reserve Indicator Buzzer “. As the system detects a reserve electrical signal, the change-over
switch generates a double bleeping sound.
Change-Over Switch Dimming
This regulates the intensity of the change-over switch lights.
3.1.4. Self-Calibration
Before starting self-calibration procedure for the Bora and Bora Light systems, the connection to the
MAP sensor will be requested.
Self-calibration consists in acquiring the values of the various parameters when idling on petrol and
in their processing on the basis of the supplied data (engine displacement, number of cylinders,
injection type, etc.). It will then be implemented without the intervention of the installer. As soon as
self-calibration starts, the key shown in fig. 3-5 will be enabled and will request to press start when
the idling conditions with petrol have been reached.
Fig.3-5
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Technical Manual of the
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Note the various gauges that indicate the progress of the self-calibration and other values.
During this phase, note the 4 red or green circles and the text box (Err%) that contains the error
percentage that still needs to be corrected. The circles (one for each cylinder) are initially red,
indicating that all the cylinders are petrol fuelled. Subsequently, partial change-over to gas is had of
certain cylinders with subsequent change backs between gas and petrol, until reaching full gas
functioning at the end of the procedure. During the entire procedure, the error box shows the gap
between current situation and the optimal one. When the percentage error is below 5% (positive or
negative), the box is green indicating a situation where one can proceed, otherwise it is red making it
necessary to wait before changing-over other cylinders. At the end of the procedure, a message will
signal that it has properly come to a conclusion.
Please note: at the end of the self calibration procedure it is important that the off-set value is
negative, otherwise repeat the procedure and check for any problems in the installation.
In the event the gas ECU does not complete the self-calibration procedure it is possible to interrupt
the procedure at any moment and, saving the configuration file, the gas ECU acquires the last
off-set value available. In this way the fine tuning of the carburation in the map menu can continue.
Initial correction: Indicates the initial leaning or enrichment with which the self-calibration procedure
starts. In LPG configuration the default value is 0, while with methane the default value is -20.
Varying this value in negative values you increase leaning, increasing it, it diminishes.
We recommend varying this value only in exceptional cases on specific vehicles.
3.1.5. Save Configuration
You will be able to conclude the procedure by saving the changes and adding the configuration to the
archive, see fig. 3-6.
1
2
3
Fig. 3-6
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(F2) short-cut button to save the calibration file.
1 Press the inset with the points to recover the configuration in the log and overwrite the file.
Automatic recognition of last saved file/calibration. After the first save you no longer have to look
for the same calibration file to overwrite any further change, the system automatically select this file
for you. All you have to do is to press “save” to overwrite the last saved calibration.
2 The name of the configuration saved in the control unit appears in the string in grey.
3 In the inset note, during save useful information can be shown on the installation carried out, that
will be written in the control unit and that can be consulted in any moment in the "information control
unit" menu.
3.1.6. Program Ecu
Selecting the Program Ecu From Archive key accesses the screen for the programming of the
ZAVOLI control unit from the archive, see fig. 3-7, i.e. by using already available files (for example
those of vehicles already developed in the past).
Fig.3-7
The programming will take place if the key contact is engaged, with the motor still or while running
on petrol. If the vehicle is running on gas. the system will automatically perform the change-over to
petrol before proceeding with the programming. To program, select from the archive the file to be
downloaded depending on the type of system, brand, model and petrol of the vehicle. If the vehicle
is distributed by ZAVOLI, the files are located in the ZAVOLI_MAPS folder, if the vehicle has been
developed by the installer, the files are located in the USER_MAPS folder.
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Once the control unit initials of the vehicle that you intend to program have been selected, select the
files to download. The selection of the .ZCL file to download is carried out by pressing on the chosen
file twice. If you want to program the configuration including the software, select the software (file
.S19) to download. To transfer this file to the control unit, you must checkmark the box next to the
word Software. You can change the software chosen by selecting another file shown in the
programming window. Select the software to download by pressing on one of the softwares listed.
You should do perform these operations only if recommended by ZAVOLI technicians or by
competent personnel.
The checkmark shows the files that will be downloaded simultaneously when proceeding with the
programming of the control unit, i.e. by pressing the Program key. It will not be possible to download
only S19, without the .ZCL file.
4. MAP
This section allows having a numerical view of the multiplication coefficients used by the control
unit in the calculation of the GAS injection time.
The table displays on the Y-axis the petrol injection times, while on the X-axis we find the number
of RPMs, (fig. 4-1).
Fig.4-1
The red-coloured selection displayed on the map identifies the RPMs and the petrol injection times
at which the the engine is running.
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Increasing the value of the calculation coefficients (Off set) in the map, while maintaining the
PETROL injection time constant, will increase the GAS injection time, while decreasing this value
the exact opposite will take place, i.e. the system will be leaner.
In order to perform a proper carburetion control, it is possible to read the lambda correctors on the
program by connecting the wires to the OBD diagnostic connector of the vehicle. This function is
active only with the gas control units;
• GP2012
• GP2012-8
To change the values, select one or more check boxes on the map and press the "Enter" key; enter the
value to be attributed to the cell and confirm the value with the “Enter” key.
Or pressing "F12", value changes can occur in a linear manner through the table, "modify value" as
seen in figure 4-1.
TEST USING THE INTEGRATORS/CALIBRATORS:
If the value of the calibrators/integrators shifts more than 3-4 units compared to the normal PETROL
operation during GAS operation (e.g. the calibrator moves from 8% to 11-12%), correct the value in
the map keeping in mind that:
- If the integrators/calibrators shift toward positive values, this usually means that the petrol control
unit detects a weak carburetion, so in the box you are checking the K value should be increased until
the integrators/ calibrators return to the values detected with PETROL.
- If the integrators/calibrators shift toward negative values, this usually means that the petrol control
unit detects a rich carburetion, so in the box you are checking the K value should be decreased until
the integrators/ calibrators return to the values detected with PETROL.
To check that the K values entered are correct, perform a few PETROL/GAS changes at a constant
speed while checking that the calibrators/integrators are operating in a similar way with both
PETROL and GAS.
To perform a correct mapping, you have to road-test the vehicle keeping in mind that it will not be
possible to perform the procedure described above in some map areas because the engine will not
abide staying in the same map area during the PETROL/GAS changes as it is in a transient state
(acceleration or deceleration).
TEST USING THE PETROL INJECTION TIME
If the value of the PETROL injection time during GAS operation shifts compared to normal PETROL
operation (e.g. 0.5/1 ms longer or shorter), correct the carburetion remembering that:
- If the PETROL injection time increases, this means that the petrol control unit is detecting a weak
carburetion, so in the box you are checking the K value should be increased until the PETROL
injection time returns to the values detected with PETROL.
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- If the PETROL injection time decreases, this means that the petrol control unit is detecting a rich
carburetion, so in the box you are checking the K value should be decreased until the PETROL
injection time returns to the values detected with PETROL.
To check that the K values entered are correct, perform a few PETROL/GAS changes at constant
speed while checking that the PETROL injection time is working during GAS operation as it works
during PETROL operation.
To perform a correct mapping, you have to road-test the vehicle keeping in mind that it will not be
possible to perform the procedure described above in some map areas because the engine will not
abide staying in the same map area during the PETROL/GAS changes as it is in a transient state
(acceleration or deceleration).
5. Map Easy
In this section the program allows you to carry out a correction of the map automatically, figure 5-1.
1
2
3
Fig.5-1
NB: the acquisitions must be made with the MAP sensor connected on the vehicle.
The correction occurs acquiring in different driving conditions (MAP, T.on petrol/Gas, Motor revs).
At the end of the acquisition, the system automatically carries out an automatic correction of the
carburation.
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The first acquisition to be carried out is petrol pressing the key "(1)acquires", the program
automatically acquires points in petrol, in red that are shown on the graph. A normal style of driving
is recommended in the different engine loads available using all the gears available.
The second acquisition to be carried out is gas pressing the key "(2)acquires", the program
automatically acquires points in gas, in green that are then shown on the graph. A driving style that
is as similar as possible to the driving style had during the acquisition of petrol is recommended.
At this point pressing the "(3) key" the program automatically moves the line of carburation bringing
the vehicle in carburation, see figure 5.2.
Fig.5-2
ATTENTION: The two Maps cannot be used simultaneously, changes that are made in one, are not
taken into consideration by the other.
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6. Gas/Petrol
By selecting GAS/PETROL on the main screen, you can access a series of sections on settings and
parameters of the vehicle. (fig.6-1)
Fig.6-1
The following describes the ECU parameters;
Petrol/Gas
Acceleration: The vehicle changes-over when the RPMs are above the minimum RPM parameter
settable from the interface. If set to 0, the system change-over even at idle, if set to something other
than 0, the system must exceed this threshold to change-over.
Deceleration: The vehicle changes-over only when the MAP is below the maximum MAP [mbar]
parameter threshold that can be set from the interface. The default value is 2000 and indicates that
the system can start the change-over under any operating conditions. If an appropriate value is set,
e.g. 300 mBar, the vehicle will change-over only when the MAP drops below this threshold, which
normally takes place during release.
Start on gas when warm: If the strategy is enabled when the two thresholds for regulator
Temperature and Petrol/Gas Change-Over Delay are validated, the vehicle will start-up directly on
GAS.
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Delay Switching Cycles: With the value of 3 injections, with the example of a 4 cylinder vehicle,
after change-over of the first injector, 3 injections will take place in which 3 cylinders will still be
fuelled with petrol and only one with gas, after which for 3 injections, 2 cylinders will be fuelled by
gas and 2 on petrol, after another 3 injections there will be 3 gas fuelled cylinders and 1 petrol fuelled
one, and after 3 more injections, even the last gas injector will be activated.
Function Cold
Select “Function Cold” . In extremely cold weather conditions, the system doesn’t switch considering
the GAS temperature, but only the regulator temperature.
Limit Conditions
Minimum DeltaP: corresponds to the DeltaP value (difference between the gas pressure in the rail
and the MAP) below which, the vehicle will definitively change-over to petrol due to lack of gas.
Minimum Gas Temperature: If gas temperature drops below the set value ( -10°C default value),
the system changes-over to petrol permanently, in order to prevent malfunctions due to temperatures
that are too low.
Automatic Gas Status Change-over: Select the “Automatic Gas Status Change-over” checkbox.
When the car run out of gas, and the systems has changed over to petrol:
- LPG; If the system detects a gas level increment of approximately 20%, it automatically
sets the change-over switch to gas mode.
- CNG; When the car ignition key is turned to ON position, the system automatically sets
the change-over switch to gas mode.
Idle
Idle RPMs: (RPM threshold gas-petrol change-over): when the RPMs are below the value entered in
this box, the strategy activates and the vehicle changes-over to petrol. The default value is 0: this
value effectively disables the strategy.
Working on Petrol: (Maximum stay time on petrol):after this time, the strategy ends its effect and
the vehicle changes back to gas, regardless of the RPMs. The default value is 10 seconds.
The strategy allows to solve any problems present during the return to idle. The strategy allows a
change-over to petrol for a instants during the return to idle, with a negligible petrol consumption,
but avoids the engine switch-off or the excessive lowering of the RPMs.
Always on petrol: The flag, to activate an unlimited idol on petrol.
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Cut-Off Exit
Idle RPMs: (RPM threshold max change-over): when the RPMs are below the value entered in this
box, the strategy activates and the vehicle switches to petrol. The default value is 0: this value
effectively disables the strategy.
Length of Switching: (No. petrol injections): determines the maximum duration of the strategy. After
the number of injections/ms indicated in this box (counted on the first injector), the system changes
back to gas.
These strategies are used to resolve any problems during RPM lowering following a cut-off
(momentary shut-down of the injectors in situations of deceleration). It may be necessary to use this
strategy, for example, to prevent engine shut-downs which occur as a result of sudden clutch pressure
leading to a rapid decrease in RPMs.
The strategy allows change-over to petrol for a few moments following a cut-off, with a negligible
petrol consumption, but avoiding the engine switch-off or an excessive lowering of the RPMs.
Change-over switch overlapping
This function allows to modify the parameters related to the fuels overlapping during the change-over
process (Gas to Petrol and Petrol to Gas).
Supplying gas while running on petrol is useful to anticipate the gas pipelines filing, especially
between the gas injectors rail and the intake manifold. This is especially true when using pipes
exceeding the normal length.
Gas to Petrol (%)
During the “Gas to Petrol” change-over process, the last gas injection is calculated accordingly to the
parameters you input in the “Gas to Petrol (%)” overlapping section. You can decide to enrich or lean
the gas flow by modifying the last injection, before the change-over to petrol.
You can decide the percentage of the last gas injection during the change-over process. This is set to
100% by default, meaning a full gas injection. If you chose “0”, it means NO last gas injection before
before change-over. To lean the gas flow you must reduce the value in %.
Petrol to Gas (%)
During the “Gas to Petrol” change-over process, the last gas injection is calculated accordingly to the
parameters you input in the “Gas to Petrol (%)” overlapping section.
During the last petrol injection before the change-over to gas, you can set the system to supply a
percentage of its corresponding gas injection. If you set to 100%, during the last petrol injection the
system reaches the 100% (total) of the corresponding gas injection. The system is set to 0 by default,
which means supplying the 0% of the corresponding gas injection, meaning supply NO additional
gas injection in conjunction with the petrol one.
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High Speed Operation
Gas: The system works entirely on LPG.
Automatic petrol contribution: (Lack of Gas compensation) Above a Duty Cycle Gas threshold,
that can be calibrated through the Interface, you can inject a percentage of petrol that meets the
demand of the engine. This strategy can be used to solve the problem of changing-over to petrol due
to having reached the max D.C. Inj set at 100%.
Once the strategy is enabled, up to the set value (default at 94%) of the Duty Cycle GAS. the system
will feed the engine only with LPG. Instead, when the system should open the GAS injector above
the set value, the remaining amount will be provided by opening the petrol injector up to the 100%
limit set in the calibration file. The two fuels supplied together however represent a stoichiometric
calibration.
Example: If the calculated Gas flow to supply the engine to satisfy the user's demand, should involve
a Duty Cycle GAS equal to 98%, 94% of the flow will be supplied with LPG and 4% will be supplied
with Petrol. When the calculation of the total Duty Cycle, LPG + Petrol, reaches 100%, the vehicle
will change-over to petrol.
Manual petrol contribution: The strategy allows for the addition of petrol during gas funtioning.
This strategy, if enabled, maintains the functioning and the duration of the valve seats especially on
vehicles known for this kind of problem. Function parameters that can be set by the operator:
✓ Minimum petrol ton: Minimum petrol injection time beyond which the system starts feeding
an amount of petrol equal to the Petrol Contribution Ton parameter.
✓ Petrol Ton Contribution: Petrol injection time intended to be supplied to the engine.
RPMs for contribution from ... to..: RPM range within which, if the minimum petrol Ton
parameter is exceeded, the system will start to inject petrol.
✓ Strategy operation: in operating conditions between the two thresholds of engine RPMs, if
the petrol injection time exceeds the threshold set in the minimum petrol Ton parameter, an
amount of petrol corresponding to the Petrol Contribution will be provided; the remaining
petrol injection Time will be used to calculate the amount of gas to be injected.
Extra Fuel: This strategy allows you to inject a % of petrol in correspondence with a specific
injectors rail pressure. It is also possible to select at which RPM the strategy activates.
Petrol: Strategy that allows, above certain RPM and MAP thresholds, the temporary change-over to
petrol. This solution can be used to avoid problems due to the lack of fuel supply at high RPMs. The
change-over parameters can be modified by the installer.
The changing-over back to petrol will not be indicated on the switch that will remain in GAS
condition with the two-coloured green LED. The system automatically manages a changing-over back
to GAS when dropping below the change-over parameters.
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7. GAS Strategies
By selecting GAS Strategies, from the main screen you can access a series of strategies dedicated to
the setting and modification of parameters. (fig.7-1)
Fig.7-1
Acceleration/Deceleration
This transient strategy compensates variations introduced by the petrol injection in a simple way, by
setting with a cursor the leaning or enrichment that is desired.
Acceleration Control: The leaning and enrichment take place in conditions of acceleration, in the
situation of this car hot. The value set corresponds to the percentage change of the calibration.
Deceleration Control: The leaning and enrichment take place in conditions of deceleration, in the
situation of this car hot. The value set corresponds to the percentage change of the calibration.
Cold Acceleration/Deceleration
This transient strategy compensates variations introduced by the petrol injection in a simple way, by
setting with a cursor the leaning or enrichment that is desired.
Acceleration Control: Leaning and enrichment take place in conditions of acceleration, cold vehicle.
The value set corresponds to the percentage change of the calibration.
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Deceleration Control: Leaning and enrichment take place in conditions of deceleration, cold vehicle.
The value set corresponds to the percentage change of the calibration.
Injection management
Additional injections cut-off : Petrol Ton threshold under which the petrol Cut-Off is detected and
the injection will not be repeated and fed with Gas.
Additional injections sensibility: If set greater than the Extra injections cut-off parameter, all fuel
injections that have a value between these two parameters will be added to the main injection.
MAP threshold extra injected: The Map value can be set, from which the software carries out a
complete cut of the extra injections.
Switch to petrol management
Activate the Strategy: “Flag” the check-box to activate the strategy.
Activation RPM: (RPM limit for switch over): when the RPM value is below the selected limit, the
strategy turns on and the vehicle switches over to petrol.
Switch to Petrol RPM-Delta RPM/Cycle: (RPM cycle limit): when the number of rpm contained
in a Engine Cycle fall below the indicated limit, the strategy turns on and the vehicle switches over
to petrol.
Activation RPM-Delta RPM/Cycle: (RPM cycle limit): if the RPM raise above the selected limit,
the strategy turns on and the vehicle switches over to petrol.
Switch to gas delay ms: (Maximum time on petrol): when the selected time has passed, the strategy
ends its effect and the vehicle switch over to gas.
Deactivation RPM-Delta RPM/Cycle: (Rpm-per-Cycle difference): if the rpm raise above the
selected value, the system switch to gas during one engine cycle, without waiting for the Timeout
(Switch to gas delay in ms).
Setup Injectors
Anticipated injection: The system, in order to anticipate the sequence, does not provide the Gas
injector with its command, but that of the previous injector in the ignition order.
Example:
Generally, the ignition order for the 4 cylinder is the following: 1 – 3 – 4 – 2
The Anticipated injection strategy will use this new ignition order: 3 – 4 – 2 – 1
Therefore, via SW, the command of the Gas 1 Injector will go to the Gas 3 injector.
A a result, the command of the Gas 3 Injector will go to injector 4; the command of Gas 4 will go to
injector 2 and the Command of Gas 2 will go to injector 1;
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This strategy, if enabled, anticipates the gas injection compared to the normal petrol injection timing.
Anticipated injection can be used to solve problems of drivability due to engine timing changes,
opening of the ducts of the variable fuel manifolds.
French Crossing: The system, in order to anticipate the sequence, does not provide the Gas injector
with its command, but that of the previous injector in the ignition order.
Example:
Generally, the ignition order for the 4 cylinder is the following: 1 – 3 – 4 – 2
The Anticipated injection strategy will use this new ignition order: 2 – 4 – 1 – 3
Starting Correction on Gas: This type of thinning is active only in the start condition of the car.
The value set corresponds to the percentage change of the calibration.
8. Adaptivity
By selecting Adaptivity, in fact the new strategy allows the gas ECU to self-adapt through an
automatic process, this way resolving all carburation problems related to the aging of the engine and
to the variation of the fuel characteristics. (fig.8-1)
1
2
3
Fig.8-1
1. Active the Strategy: Flag the box to enalble the strategy.
2. Correctoin speed (%): Allows to vay the corection speed of the fast gas corrector variation step.
3. Long Fuel Trimmer Petrol Target: Through this chart is possible to change the slow corrector
work %. It must be used only with vehicles with a slow carburation corrector not equal to 0. The
gas ECU will generate an automatic correction, until the chart value is reached.
To activate this function, you must connect the OBD cables in the vehicle original diagnosis
socket.
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9. Acquisitions
This page displays all the signals managed by the control unit, Figure 9-1.
Fig.9-1
To display the parameters, simply click on the “START” key; at this point, both the numerical values
and the graphical representation can be read.
By pressing the "REGISTER" key, the data acquisition will start and will end only by clicking on the
"STOP" key.
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Fig.9-2
Clicking on the chart key, accesses the "chart settings" window, where changes on the display of the
various parameters can be made.
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10.Acquisitions History
Fig.10-1
From the "Acquisitions Log", the acquisitions that were previously saved can be displayed, in figure
10-1.
With the "back" and "forward" keys, scrolling of the values in the graph, with the "values" key a bar
graph will be displayed that can be moved in the different parts of the graph.
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11. Diagnostics
11.1 System
On this page, you can access the injectors test and the system's operation time, Figure 11.1-2.
Fig.11.1-2
INJECTOR TEST
You can electrically exclude one or more GAS injectors, thus enabling the corresponding PETROL
injector. This function becomes quite useful, for example, when diagnosing the malfunctioning of
one or more GAS injectors.
Activate Petrol Injectors Select “Activate Petrol Injectors”. This option allows to activate one or
more petrol injectors even if the interface cable is not connected.
SERVICE
This section shows the forced start-ups performed by the customer with the possibility to reset, how
many hours before servicing, if enabled, with again the possibility of resetting and, finally, if the
OBD connection was carried out, the option of activating the "clear" function.
The function "ENABLE CLEAR" has now two different methods of application:
"ALWAYS", which reset the petrol ECU independently from which fuel the engine is running on
(Petrol or Gas).
“GAS " , which reset the petrol ECU only if the engine runs on GAS.
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FORCED GAS START-UP
To carry out the emergency forced start-up, follow the procedure below;
1- Position the change over switch in the Petrol position,
2- Start the key contact,
3- Keep the change over switch key pressed,
4- Wait 4 seconds
5- At the sound of the buzzer realese the change over switch and start engine.
NB: For correct operation of the Forced Start-Up procedure, the 12 volt positive signal under the key
must be timed.
PIN
Enabling this function with a pin code the control unit can be blocked from any access if one does
not have the code. Enabling the service to total the hours set, the vehicle will not change over to gas
again until the counters are reset.
11.2 Actuators Test
In this page you can make some parts of the actuators test, Figure 10.2-1.
Fig.11.2-1
Injectors: Gas injectors electric test.
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Modular/Injectors Emulator: Gas ECU petrol injectors emulator electric test.
Actuators Relè: Internal Gas ECU actuators relè test.
To run the test, the vehicle must only be with engine access and on gasoline.
11.3 View Errors
This page shows all the parameters that the control unit monitors through diagnosis, Figure 11.3-1.
Fig.10.3-1
When the GAS control unit detects an error in the diagnosis of the parameter read, it will implement
the action corresponding to the error detected.
Diagnosis
Action
Passage to Petrol
Passage to Petrol
Passage to Petrol
Passage to Petrol
Passage to Petrol
Passage to Petrol
Passage to Petrol
Passage to Petrol
None
Gas Injectors
Petrol injector connection
Tank solenoid valve
Solenoid valve regulator
Gas pressure sensors
Map Sensor
Gas temperature sensor
Water temperature sensor
Presence of the Change-Over Switch
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The detected diagnostic errors can be deleted from the memory of the control unit simply by pressing
the "Delete" key.
In the case of an anomaly, the control unit will be able to signal this to the user through the flashing
of the petrol/gas LED or with a series of three repeated beeps.
If a serious fault is detected, or that is potentially dangerous for the driver or damaging for the vehicle,
the on-board diagnostics will undertake corrective RECOVERY measures, such as the exclusion of
the faulty sensor and functioning only with the remaining sensors, or SAFETY actions, for example
the automatic switching to petrol functioning.
11.4 Info Ecu
This page displays the information relating to the control unit, Fig. 11.4-1.
Fig.11.4-1
CONTROL UNIT
This section lists all the information referring to the control unit.
Code: Represents the product code identifying that particular type of control unit.
Serial: Indicated the product serial number.
Lot: It identifies the production lot of the control unit that consists of a code from which you can be
aware of the year and the week in which the unit was manufactured.
Change-over switch: Indicates the change-over switch version that is at that moment connected to the
system.
Micro: It indicates the type of processor installed inside the control unit.
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Project:This indicates the project number to which the control unit refers to.
SOFTWARE
This section provides all the information relating to the software.
Version: Indicates the real and proper software running on the control unit. It consists of 5 letters +
3 numbers + 3 numbers. The first 5 letters indicate the particular type of software, the following 3
numbers indicate the actual software version (the higher the number, the more recent and improved
the program will be), whereas the last 3 numbers indicate the hardware version.
Loader: Indicates the version of the loader currently present in the control unit memory (the loader
is that part of the software that allows for the changing of the control unit program. It is used only
upon ignition and for programming). The last four digits indicate the version. The greater the version
number, the more recent and improved will be the loader.
Calibration: Indicates the calibration version currently present in the control unit.
Programmer: Indicates the user who programmed the control unit.
Programmed on: Indicates the date in which the control unit was programmed the first time by the
installer. After the first programming, this date will not change throughout the life span of the control
unit, while also indicating when it was used for the first time.
Reprogrammed on: Indicates the date in which the control unit was last programmed by the installer.
Practically speaking it is the date of the final and actual programming for that vehicle.
COUNTERS
This section provides information relating to the various counters.
Time running on gas (hh:mm): Indicates the total gas functioning time of the system, memorised in
the control unit memory in days, hours and minutes. It is not possible to reset counter using the PC
interface.
Time running on petrol (hh:mm): Indicates the total petrol functioning time of the system, memorised
in the control unit memory in days, hours and minutes. It is not possible to reset counter using the
PC.
Forced start-up on gas: The Bora system allows a limited number of engine start-ups directly with
gas. This functionality is to be intended as an emergency operation enabling start-up in case of no
petrol or of malfunctioning of certain parts of the original petrol system (pump, injectors, petrol
circuit).
To start the engine on gas, introduce the key contact, keep the change-over button pressed, wait for
the double beep from the buzzer (about 4 seconds) and start the engine within 4 seconds.
Maximum forced start-ups on gas: Indicates the maximum number of forced start-ups allowed.
Service (hh:mm): Service hours counter.
Page 35 of 38
ZAVOLI s.r.l. Via Pitagora n° 400 47521 CESENA Hamlet Case Castagnoli (FC) Italy
Tel. 0547/ 646409 – Telefax 0547 / 646411
Website: www.zavoli.com E-mail: [email protected]
Technical Manual of the
Calibration Software of the
Bora Injection System
MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
CALIBRATION NOTES
In this section the name of the configuration saved in the gas ECU and any notes written when the
file was being saved are shown.
PIN
This section is used to enter the pin and unlock the control unit to export the pin.
Pin: To unlock the control unit, enter the correct pin code, uncheck the box and save the
configuration. Once the saving phase is finished the control unit will be unlocked.
Page 36 of 38
ZAVOLI s.r.l. Via Pitagora n° 400 47521 CESENA Hamlet Case Castagnoli (FC) Italy
Tel. 0547/ 646409 – Telefax 0547 / 646411
Website: www.zavoli.com E-mail: [email protected]
Technical Manual of the
Calibration Software of the
Bora Injection System
MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
12. Standard Error Codes Bora
Error Code
P0006
P0007
P01A5
P01A6
P01B5
P01B6
P01B7
P2146
P16B4
P22DA
P22DB
P22DE
P22DF
P22E2
P22E3
P22E6
P22E7
P22EA
P22EB
P22EE
P22EF
P22F2
P22F3
P22F6
P22F7
P2666
P2667
P15AE
P15AF
P2115
Description
Rear Fuel Cut-Off Solenoid Valve Control Circuit Low
Rear Fuel Cut-Off Solenoid Valve Control Circuit High
Alternative fuel rail pressure circuit low voltage
Alternative fuel rail pressure circuit high voltage
Alternative fuel rail temperature, circuit performance
Alternative fuel rail temperature circuit low voltage
Alternative fuel rail temperature high voltage
Alternative fuel actuators supply voltage
Sensors supply voltage low
Cylinder 1 alternative fuel injector circuit low
Cylinder 1 alternative fuel injector circuit high
Cylinder 2 alternative fuel injector circuit low
Cylinder 2 alternative fuel injector circuit high
Cylinder 3 alternative fuel injector circuit low
Cylinder 3 alternative fuel injector circuit high
Cylinder 4 alternative fuel injector circuit low
Cylinder 4 alternative fuel injector circuit high
Cylinder 5 alternative fuel injector circuit low
Cylinder 5 alternative fuel injector circuit high
Cylinder 6 alternative fuel injector circuit low
Cylinder 6 alternative fuel injector circuit high
Cylinder 7 alternative fuel injector circuit low
Cylinder 7 alternative fuel injector circuit high
Cylinder 8 alternative fuel injector circuit low
Cylinder 8 alternative fuel injector circuit high
High Pressure cut-off solenoid valve in front, control circuit low
High Pressure cut-off solenoid valve in front, control circuit high
System voltage low voltage
System voltage high voltage
Water temperature sensor signal not plausible
Page 37 of 38
ZAVOLI s.r.l. Via Pitagora n° 400 47521 CESENA Hamlet Case Castagnoli (FC) Italy
Tel. 0547/ 646409 – Telefax 0547 / 646411
Website: www.zavoli.com E-mail: [email protected]
Technical Manual of the
Calibration Software of the
Bora Injection System
MT-IS-SWI-NWBR-01.04-E
dated 23/03/2017
13.Bora Program Error Codes
Error Code
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
200
201
202
203
205
206
207
300
301
302
303
304
305
Cause
No error
Generic error
Framework.Net 4.0 Extended not installed
SQL Server Compact 4.0 not installed
The language set for the application is not valid (it does not exist in the DB, or it
exists but the resource file is missing)
License File error
Error in the chart settings File
Error in the Database Opening
Error in the retrieval of the SQL command
Error in the retrieval of the SQL parameter
Error in the retrieval of the languages
Error in the retrieval of the skin info (id_group and group code)
Error in the retrieval in the enabling of user functions
Error in the retrieval of the list of the variables based on the skin and language
Error in the retrieval of the info relating to the ecu and software (ECU and
ECU_DERIVATIVES and SOFTWARE and Enabling of Functions GetEcuDetails)
ECU not present in the DB (GetEcuDetails)
ECU sw not present in the DB (GetEcuDetails)
Error in the inizialize of the communication library (oEcuLib.InitLibrary)
Error in the opening of the connection (oEcuLib.OpenConnection)
The request for info to the library returned FALSE
The control unit returned a negative reply to the request
The data that has returned from the control unit is not in the correct format
(DATA_KO)
Error in the procedure management of the info (OnGetEcuInfo)
There is no feature to read the Flag in RAM or failure in the read request
(SharedRamwithPC)
The Ecu has an ID that is not complete, and the user is not enabled to connect to
Ecu with an incomplete ID
The Ecu was programmed by a toll of a group different from the user's license
Ecu not associated to the SKIN group
File A2L does not exist
Error in the loading of the A2L file
Error in the reading of the calibration from the ECU
Page 38 of 38
ZAVOLI s.r.l. Via Pitagora n° 400 47521 CESENA Hamlet Case Castagnoli (FC) Italy
Tel. 0547/ 646409 – Telefax 0547 / 646411
Website: www.zavoli.com E-mail: [email protected]
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