Hitec X2 400 (HSCHARGERX2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction.…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..….01
Charger Layout…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..….…..…..…..…........03
Special Features…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..….........................04
Warnings and Safety Information…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..06
Default User Preferences Setup…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…...09
Connecting the Battery…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..….................11
Program Flow Chart…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..….....................12
Program Display Information…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…........13
Charging Lithium Chemistry (LiPo/LiIo/LiFe) Type Batteries............13
Discharging Lithium Chemistry (LiPo/LiIo/LiFe) Type Batteries........16
Charging/Discharging and Cycling NiCd or NiMH Batteries..............17
Charging/Discharging Lead-Acid (Pb) Batteries...............................18
Battery Data Preset Storage and Load Feature…..…..…..…..…..…..20
Warning and Error Messages…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…........21
Recommended Accessories…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..........22
Conformity and Regulatory Information…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…...22
Warranty and Servicing…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…..…................23
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your purchase of the Hitec X2-400 Multi-Charger. You are now the
owner of a compact multi chemistry battery charger with battery management and integral
Lithium battery balancing features. The X2-400 features four totally independent and
identical 50 watt charging circuits for a total power of 200 watts. As a result, it can simultaneously charge or discharge up to 4 separate battery packs.
The X2-400 can be attached to a 12 volt car battery with the include connector you
connect it to a 12 – 18 V DC power supply with a minimum amperage rating of 60 amps.
The Hitec X2-400 is simple to use, but the operation of a sophisticated automatic charger
such as the X2-400 does require some knowledge and education by the user. This
instruction manual is designed to ensure that you can quickly become familiar with the
charger’s functions and capabilities. It is important that you read this instruction manual in
its entirety before attempting to use your new X2-400 charger.
The Set Contains:
1. X2-400 Charger
2. Plug-in battery clamps
3. Crocodile clip charging cable
4. 18AWG wire charging cable x 2
5. TP/FP Adaptor
6. XH Adaptor
1
5
6
2
3
4
01
INTRODUCTION
The Hitec X2-400 allows you to charge up to two different batteries simultaneously. The
charger will automatically charge all 4 batteries at a time to their maximum capacity. Additionally the batteries being charged do not need to have the same configuration or the
same chemistry. Therefore you can connect any one of a NiMH/NiCD/LiPo/LiFe battery
into any of the charging ports. This eliminates the time consuming efforts of charging all
your batteries separately.
Specifications
Power Source
12 Volt Car Battery or
12-18 Volts DC 60 AMP Power Supply
Operating Voltage Range
12 - 18 Volts DC
Charge Power
400 Watts per Channel (800 watts total)
Charge Current
0.1 - 20 Amps
Discharger Power
25 Watts per Channel
Discharge Current
0.1 - 5.0 Amps
Current Drain for Balancing Lithium
200mA Per Cell
Cell Count
1-6 LiPo/LiIon/LiFe cells
1-15 NiCd/NiMH cells
1-10 Lead-Acid cells (2V - 20V)
Dimensions
8.9” x 6.7” x 2.6”
Net Weight
3.4 lbs.
02
CHARGER LAYOUT
LCD Screen
Menu Control Buttons
Temp Sensor/PC Link
Ventilation Fan
With Temperature Sensor
Universal
Balancing
Port
Battery Socket
Input DC 12-18
Temp Sensor/PC Link
Ventilation Fan
With Temperature Sensor
Battery Socket
Universal
Balancing
Port
03
SPECIAL FEATURES
Optimized Operating Software
The software in X2-400 automatically controls the current rate during the charging or
discharging process. This feature can prevent the user from overcharging their batteries
which could lead to damage or injury. If the charger detects a malfunction, the circuit
automatically disconnects and an alarm will sound, The operating functions of the
X2-400 are controlled through a two-way communication link in order to maintain
maximum safety with minimal errors. All of these functions and settings are easily configured by the user.
Internal Independent Lithium Battery Balancers
Each channel of the X2-400 employs an individual-cell voltage balancer eliminating the
need for an external balancer for balance charging.
Monitors Individual Cells During Battery Discharging
During the process of discharging, the X2-400 can monitor and display each cell of
lithium type batteries individually. If the voltage of any single cell is abnormal, an error
message will display and the discharge process will automatically end.
Charges Most Popular Lithium Batteries
The X2-400 is compatible with the three most common Lithium chemistry batteries,
Li-Ion, LiPo and LiFe.
Multiple Lithium Battery Charge Modes
The X2-400’s programming allows for Fast Charge, Balance Charge or Storage Charge
Modes for LiPo, Li-Ion, and LiFe batteries.
‡)DVW&KDUJH0RGH Reduces charging time, but does not balance the cells, this
mode only charges the battery to approximately 90% capacity.
‡%DODQFH&KDUJH0RGH Monitors individual cell voltage, keeping the cells within an
acceptable voltage range and charges the pack to peak capacity.
‡6WRUDJH&KDUJH0RGH Used for long-term battery storage. Adjusts the voltage
level so the battery will not be damaged during long term storage.
Delta Peak Technology for Maximum Safety
The automatic charge termination program utilizes Delta-Peak voltage detection.
When the battery's voltage exceeds the threshold, the charge process is terminated
automatically.
Automatic Charging Current Limit
The maximum charge rate can be manually set when charging NiCd or NiMH batteries.
The X2-400 will auto-detect when the batteries are fully charged and shut off, even with
low impedance NiMH packs.
04
SPECIAL FEATURES
Capacity and Processing Time Limit
The charging capacity is calculated as the charging current multiplied by time. If the
charging capacity exceeds the maximum limit set by the user, the process will terminate
automatically. Additionally the user can set the maximum amount of charging time. If the
charging time exceeds this limit, the process will terminate automatically.
Temperature Threshold*
The battery's internal chemical reaction causes the temperature of the battery to rise
during the charging process. If the temperature exceeds the limit, the charging process
will automatically terminate.
* This function is available by connecting an optional temperature probe, which is not
included in our package.
5 User Customizable Presets per Port
Each port of the X2-400 features 5 individually customizable presets so the user can store
the charge and discharge parameters for any particular battery type. These presets can
be recalled for the desired battery type without the need for any additional programming.
Cyclic Charging / Discharging
Batteries can be set to automatically Charge/Discharge or Discharge/Charge up to a
maximum of 5 cycles.
PC Based Analysis Using USB Communication*
The Hitec X2-400 offers a PC-based program which can analyze the characteristics of
the battery via a USB port. It shows a graph of voltage, current and capacity curves. It
also displays the individual voltage of each cell in the lithium battery pack.
* Using optional PC-LINK USB Adapter (sold separately) and software that can be
downloaded from www.hitecrcd.com
05
WARNINGS AND SAFETY INFORMATION
WARNING
)$,/85(72)2//2:7+(6(,03257$176$)(7<127(6257+(,16758&7,21
0$18$/&$15(68/7,16(9(5(,1-85<3523(57<'$0$*(25/2662)/,)(
3OHDVH UHDG WKLV HQWLUH LQVWUXFWLRQ PDQXDO FRPSOHWHO\ DQG DWWHQWLYHO\ EHIRUH XVLQJ
WKLVSURGXFWDVLWFRYHUVDZLGHUDQJHRILQIRUPDWLRQRQRSHUDWLRQDQGVDIHW\
NEVEROHDYHWKHFKDUJHUXQDWWHQGHGZKHQLWLVFRQQHFWHGWRLWVSRZHUVXSSO\,IDQ\
PDOIXQFWLRQ LV IRXQG 7(50,1$7( 7+( 352&(66 $7 21&( DQG UHIHU WR WKH
LQVWUXFWLRQPDQXDO
.HHSWKHFKDUJHUDZD\IURPGXVWPRLVWXUHZDWHUH[FHVVLYHKHDWGLUHFWVXQOLJKW
DQGYLEUDWLRQ
7KH PD[LPXP DOORZDEOH LQSXW YROWDJH LV 9ROWV '& ZKHQ XVLQJ DQ H[WHUQDO '&
SRZHUVRXUFH
7KHFKDUJHUDQGWKHEDWWHU\VKRXOGEHSXWRQDKHDWUHVLVWDQWQRQIODPPDEOHDQG
QRQFRQGXFWLYHVXUIDFH1HYHUSODFHWKHPRQDFDUVHDWFDUSHWRURWKHUIODPPDEOH
VXUIDFH.HHSDOOIODPPDEOHYRODWLOHPDWHULDOVDZD\IURPWKHRSHUDWLQJDUHD
0DNHVXUH\RXNQRZWKHVSHFLILFDWLRQVRIWKHEDWWHU\\RXDUHFKDUJLQJRUGLVFKDUJLQJ
WRHQVXUHLWPHHWVWKHUHTXLUHPHQWVRIWKLVFKDUJHU,IWKHSURJUDPLVVHWXSLQFRU
UHFWO\WKHEDWWHU\DQGFKDUJHUPD\EHGDPDJHG)LUHRUH[SORVLRQFDQRFFXUGXHWR
RYHUFKDUJLQJ
7R DYRLG VKRUW FLUFXLWLQJ EHWZHHQ WKH FKDUJH OHDG DOZD\V FRQQHFW WKH FKDUJH
FDEOHWRWKHFKDUJHUILUVWWKHQFRQQHFWWKHEDWWHU\5HYHUVHWKHVHTXHQFHZKHQ
GLVFRQQHFWLQJ
Never Attempt to Charge or Discharge the Following Types of
Batteries
‡$EDWWHU\SDFNZKLFKFRQVLVWVRIGLIIHUHQWW\SHVRIFHOOV
LQFOXGLQJGLIIHUHQWPDQXIDFWXUHUV
‡$EDWWHU\WKDWLVDOUHDG\IXOO\FKDUJHGRUMXVWVOLJKWO\GLVFKDUJHG
‡1RQUHFKDUJHDEOHEDWWHULHVWKH\SRVHDQH[SORVLRQKD]DUG
‡%DWWHULHVWKDWUHTXLUHDGLIIHUHQWFKDUJHWHFKQLTXHIURP1L&G1L0+/L3R
RUJHOFHOO3EOHDGDFLGEDWWHU\
‡$IDXOW\RUGDPDJHGEDWWHU\
‡$EDWWHU\ILWWHGZLWKDQLQWHJUDOFKDUJHFLUFXLWRUDSURWHFWLRQFLUFXLW
‡%DWWHULHVLQVWDOOHGLQDGHYLFHRUZKLFKDUHHOHFWULFDOO\OLQNHGWRRWKHU
FRPSRQHQWV
‡%DWWHULHVWKDWDUHQRWH[SUHVVO\VWDWHGE\WKHPDQXIDFWXUHUWREHVXLWDEOHIRU
WKHFXUUHQWVWKHFKDUJHUGHOLYHUVGXULQJWKHFKDUJHSURFHVV
06
WARNINGS AND SAFETY INFORMATION
Before you Start Charging or Discharging your Batteries Consider the
Following
‡'LG\RXVHOHFWWKHDSSURSULDWHSURJUDPVXLWDEOHIRUWKHW\SHRIEDWWHU\\RXDUHFKDUJLQJ"
‡'LG\RXVHWXSDGHTXDWHFXUUHQWIRUFKDUJLQJRUGLVFKDUJLQJ"
‡+DYH\RXFKHFNHGWKHEDWWHU\YROWDJH"/LWKLXPEDWWHU\SDFNVFDQEHZLUHGLQSDUDOOHO
DQGLQVHULHVLHDFHOOSDFNFDQEH9LQSDUDOOHORU9LQVHULHV
‡+DYH\RXFKHFNHGWKDWDOOFRQQHFWLRQVDUHILUPDQGVHFXUH"0DNHVXUHWKHUHDUHQR
LQWHUPLWWHQWFRQWDFWVDWDQ\SRLQWLQWKHFLUFXLW
Standard Battery Parameters
LiPo
LiIon
LiFe
NiCd
MiMH
Pb
Nominal
Voltage
79/FHOO
69/FHOO
9/FHOO
19/FHOO
19/FHOO
09/FHOO
Max Charge
Voltage
9/FHOO
19/FHOO
69/FHOO
159/FHOO
159/FHOO
69/FHOO
Storage
Voltage
89/FHOO
79/FHOO
9/FHOO
Q/D
Q/D
Q/D
Allowable
Fast Charge
̰1&
̰1&
̰&
1&&
1&&
̰0&
Min. Discharge
̱09/FHOO ̱59/FHOO ̱09/FHOO ̱9FHOO ̱109/FHOO ̱9FHOO
Voltage
Charging
'XULQJWKHFKDUJHSURFHVVDVSHFLILFTXDQWLW\RIHOHFWULFDOHQHUJ\LVIHGLQWRWKHEDWWHU\
7KH FKDUJH TXDQWLW\ LV FDOFXODWHG E\ PXOWLSO\LQJ FKDUJH FXUUHQW E\ FKDUJH WLPH 7KH
PD[LPXPSHUPLVVLEOHFKDUJHFXUUHQWYDULHVGHSHQGLQJRQWKHEDWWHU\W\SHRULWVSHUIRU
PDQFHDQGFDQEHIRXQGLQWKHLQIRUPDWLRQSURYLGHGE\WKHEDWWHU\PDQXIDFWXUHU2QO\
EDWWHULHVWKDWDUHH[SUHVVO\VWDWHGWREHFDSDEOHRITXLFNFKDUJHVKRXOGEHFKDUJHGDW
UDWHVKLJKHUWKDQWKHVWDQGDUGFKDUJHFXUUHQW
&RQQHFWWKHEDWWHU\WRWKHWHUPLQDORIWKHFKDUJHU5HGLVSRVLWLYHDQGEODFNLVQHJDWLYH
,QWKHHYHQWWKHUHLVDQ\VLJQLILFDQWUHVLVWDQFHLQWKHEDWWHU\FDEOHDQGRUFRQQHFWRUWKH
FKDUJHUZLOOQRWEHDEOHWRSURSHUO\GHWHFWWKHUHVLVWDQFHRIWKHEDWWHU\SDFNUHVXOWLQJLQ
DQHUURU,WLVHVVHQWLDOLQRUGHUIRUWKHFKDUJHUWRRSHUDWHSURSHUO\WKDWWKHEDWWHU\FKDUJH
OHDGVVKRXOGEHRIDGHTXDWHTXDOLW\IRUWKHVL]HRIWKHEDWWHU\
$OZD\VUHIHUWRWKHPDQXDOE\WKHEDWWHU\PDQXIDFWXUHUSHUWDLQLQJWRFKDUJLQJPHWKRGV
2SHUDWHDFFRUGLQJWRWKHLUUHFRPPHQGHGFKDUJLQJFXUUHQWDQGFKDUJLQJWLPH/LWKLXP
EDWWHULHV LQ SDUWLFXODU VKRXOG EH FKDUJHG VWULFWO\ DFFRUGLQJ WR WKH PDQXIDFWXUHU
V
LQVWUXFWLRQ
3D\FORVHDWWHQWLRQWRWKHFRQQHFWLRQRIOLWKLXPEDWWHULHV
'RQRWDWWHPSWWRGLVDVVHPEOHWKHEDWWHU\SDFN
3OHDVHWDNHQRWHWKDWOLWKLXPEDWWHU\SDFNVFDQEHZLUHGLQSDUDOOHODQGLQVHULHV,QWKH
SDUDOOHOFRQQHFWLRQWKHEDWWHU\¶VFDSDFLW\LVFDOFXODWHGE\PXOWLSO\LQJWKHVLQJOHEDWWHU\¶V
FDSDFLW\E\WKHQXPEHURIFHOOVEHDULQJLQPLQGWKDWWRWDOYROWDJHVWD\VWKHVDPH,IWKH
YROWDJH LV LPEDODQFHG LW PD\ FDXVH D ILUH RU H[SORVLRQ /LWKLXP EDWWHULHV DUH DOZD\V
UHFRPPHQGHGWREHFKDUJHLQVHULHV
07
WARNINGS AND SAFETY INFORMATION
Discharging
The main purpose of discharging a battery is to clean the residual capacity of the
battery or to reduce the battery’s voltage to a defined level. It is even more critical that
close attention be paid to the discharging process as failure to properly monitor the
process can destroy your batter. The final discharge voltage should be set correctly to
avoid deep discharging. Some rechargeable batteries have a memory effect. If they
are partly used and recharged before the complete charge/discharge cycle is accomplished, they remember this and will only use that part of their capacity next time. It is
generally known that NiCd and NiMH batteries suffer from this memory effect.
Discharging Lithium Batteries
Lithium batteries cannot be discharged to a voltage lower than the minimum voltage
for the cell type. Doing so will result in a rapid loss of capacity and/or total failure.
While the X2-400 monitors each individual cell during the discharge process the
discharging cutoff is based on the total pack voltage. Generally, lithium batteries don’t
need to be discharged and it is not recommended that you discharge them. If you do
choose to discharge your lithium batteries make sure to pay attention to the minimum
voltage setting as well as the individual cell voltage.
NOTICE
THIS CHARGER WAS DESIGNED AND APPROVED EXCLUSIVELY FOR USE WITH
THE TYPES OF BATTERIES STATED IN THIS INSTRUCTION MANUAL. HITEC RCD
USA ACCEPTS NO LIABILITY OF ANY KIND IF THE CHARGER IS USED FOR ANY
PURPOSE OTHER THAN THAT STATED. SINCE WE ARE UNABLE TO ASSURE THAT
THE USER WILL PROPERLY FOLLOW THE SUPPLIED INSTRUCTIONS AND HAVE
NO CONTROL OVER ONE'S PROPER USE OR MAINTENANCE OF THE DEVICE, WE
ARE OBLIGATED TO DENY ANY AND ALL CLAIMS OF LIABILITY FOR LOSS,
DAMAGE OR INJURY WHICH ARE INCURRED DUE TO IMPROPER USE AND OPERATION OF THIS PRODUCT. UNLESS OTHERWISE PRESCRIBED BY LAW, THE LIMIT
OF OUR LIABILITY SHALL NOT EXCEED THE INVOICE VALUE OF THE CHARGER.
POWERING THE CHARGER
The Hitec X2-400 charger can also be powered by a 12VDC car battery using the
included large terminal clips with matching 4mm female bullet connectors or it can be
connected directly to a DC power supply. When connecting to a battery or power supply
it is critically important that you use either a fully charged 12 volt car battery or a high
quality DC power supply that has a voltage range between 12 to 18 volts DC and a
minimum current rating of 60 amps. Failure to use proper input power can result in unreliable performance and may damage the charger.
4mm bullet
connectors
plug directly
into most power
supplies.
08
Using terminal
clip attaching
to car battery.
DEFAULT USER PREFERENCES SETUP
When powered on for the first time the X2-400 will load a set of default parameters most
commonly used by most users. The screen displays the information in the following
sequence. The user can customize the parameters on each screen to suit their own
preferences.
To change the parameter values in the program, press the Start/Enter key to choose the
parameter you want to change. Once the parameter is blinking you can change the value
with the INC (up/forward) or DEC (down/back) keys. The value will be stored by pressing
the Start/Enter key once and the blinking stops.
WARNING
DO NOT CONNECT A BATTERY TO THE CHARGER BEFORE SETTING
UP THE DEFAULT USER PREFERENCES
Main User Setup Screen
ENTER
The first screen displayed is the Lithium battery set-up screen, you
can press ENTER to bypass this screen and go to the next user
setup screen, or you can set the default Lithium battery type before
moving on.
The Lithium Battery Select Screen
DEC INC
DEC INC
Here you can choose one of the three kinds of Lithium batteries
supported by the X2-400, LiFe (3.3V), Lilo (3.6V) or LiPo (3.7V). If
you plan to use one type of Lithium chemistry battery you can set the
default here. WARNING: Make sure when you connect your battery
that you have selected the proper type of battery before you begin
charging your battery. Once you have established the desired
settings press Start/Enter to confirm the setting then press INC to
move on to the next parameter.
LiPo /LiIo/LiFe Check Time
To avoid an erroneous setting by the user the X2-400 will automatically detect the cell count of a Lithium battery at the beginning of the
charge or discharge process. To prevent an over-discharged battery
from being detected incorrectly, resulting in an error, you can set a
time limit for the processor to verify the cell count. The default setting
is 10 minutes which is typically enough time to properly detect the
cell count. It is not recommended that you change this setting as
setting to long of a “Check Time” can produce dangerous results.
Once you have established the desired settings press Start/Enter to
confirm the setting then press INC to move on to the next parameter.
DEC INC
09
DEFAULT USER PREFERENCES SETUP
NiMh & NiCd Delta Peak Sensitivity Setting
DEC INC
DEC INC
DEC INC
This feature sets the cutoff voltage for the automatic charge
termination of a NiMH and NiCd battery pack. The setting can
range from 5 to 20mV per cell, the default is 12mV for NiCd
batteries and 7mV for NiMH, the parameters are set individually
for NiCd and NiMh batteries. If the cutoff voltage is too high,
there is a danger of overcharging the battery, if it is too low there
is a possibility of premature charge termination. Refer to the
battery manufacturer’s specifications to determine the proper
setting. Once you have established the desired settings press
Start/Enter to confirm the setting then press INC to move on to
the next parameter.
DEC INC
Temperature Cutoff Setting
DEC INC
DEC INC
DEC INC
You can choose whether or not you want to use the automatic
temperature cut off when using the optional temperature
sensors. When turned on you can set the maximum temperature
at which the charger should allow the battery to reach during
charging. Once a battery reaches this temperature, the charge
or discharge process will be terminated to protect the battery.
Once you have established the desired settings press
Start/Enter to confirm the setting then press INC to move on to
the next parameter.
Waste Time Setting
DEC INC
DEC INC
When charge/discharge cycling a battery the battery will become
warm. You can set a time delay ranging from 0 to 60 minutes
after each charge/discharge process to allow the battery to cool
down before starting the next charge/discharge cycle. Once you
have established the desired settings press Start/Enter to
confirm the setting then press INC to move on to the next
parameter.
DEC INC
Safety Timer Setting
DEC INC
DEC INC
When the charge process starts, the integrated safety timer runs
simultaneously. If an error occurs or the charge termination
circuit cannot detect if the battery is fully charged, this setting will
terminate the charge process to prevent overcharging. Use the
Safety Timer Calculation below to determine the proper setting.
Safety Timer Setting Calculation
To determine the correct safety time setting when charging NiCd
or NiMH batteries, divide the capacity by the current, and then
divide the result by 11.9. Set the results of this calculation as the
number of minutes for the safety timer setting. If the charger
stops at this time threshold, about 140% of the capacity will have
been fed into the battery. Example: 2000mAh 2.0A
(2000/2.0=1000)/11.9=84 minutes.
DEC INC
10
DEFAULT USER PREFERENCES SETUP
Capacity Cutoff Setting
DEC INC
DEC INC
The charging software allows the user to create a maximum
charge capacity protection setting. If the delta-peak voltage is not
properly detected or the safety timer times out, the charge process
will stop automatically when the battery reaches the set maximum
charge capacity set by the user. Once you have established the
desired settings press Start/Enter to confirm the setting then press
INC to move on to the next parameter.
DEC INC
Sound Settings (Key & Buzzer Mute)
DEC INC
DEC INC
A beep sounds to confirm the every time the user presses a button,
additionally a sound is emitted during the operation of the charger
to confirm a different mode change. These functions can be
switched on or off. Once you have established the desired settings
press Start/Enter to confirm the setting then press INC to move on
to the next parameter.
Low Input Voltage Setting
This function monitors the input voltage of the DC power source
used to power the charger. If the voltage is lower than the user
setting, the program will end forcibly to protect the input source.
Once you have established the desired settings press Start/Enter
to confirm the setting. You have now set the initial user settings.
You can repeat this procedure for the other Channels.
CONNECTING THE BATTERY
WARNING
Before connecting a battery, it is absolutely essential to check that you have set the
parameters correctly. If the settings are incorrect, you can damage the battery and create
a dangerous situation that could result in serious damage or injury.
Connecting the Battery
To avoid creating a short circuit between the banana plugs always connect the charge
leads to the charger first, and then to the battery. Reverse the sequence when disconnecting the pack.
Connecting the Balancer Socket
6 5 4 3 2 1
S3
+
+
S1
+
S2
These pictures show the correct way
to connect your battery to the Hitec
X2-400 for charging in the balance
mode. The balance socket attached
to the battery must be connected to
the charger with the black wire aligned
with the negative marking. If your
battery’s balancer socket does not
fit in the socket make sure to use
the proper adapter board for you
battery type.
11
PROGRAM FLOW CHART
12
PROGRAM DISPLAY INFORMATION
You can view a variety of information on the LCD screen during the charge and
discharge process. Press the DEC key to display and scroll through these settings.
When connected to the balancing port you can monitor the voltage of each individual
cell by pressing the INC key.
When the program is completed, the final voltage is displayed.
DEC
When the capacity cutoff function is turned on, the capacity value is
displayed.
DEC
When the safety timer is displayed, the duration of time in minutes is
displayed.
DEC
This screen shows that the temperature cutoff function is turned on.
DEC
When the temperature probe is used, the external temperature will
be displayed.
DEC
This shows the present input voltage going to the charger.
DEC
When the battery is connected to the balancing port, you can check
the voltage of each cell in the battery pack. The program can display
the voltages of up to 6 batteries.
CHARGING LITHIUM CHEMISTRY (LiPo/Lilo/LiFe) TYPE BATTERIES
NOTICE
This program is only suitable for charging/discharging Lithium chemistry batteries. The
X2-400 was designed to only charge three kinds of Lithium batteries, Lithium Ferrite
(LiFe), Lithium Ion (LiIo) and Lithium Polymer (LiPo). It is very important that you determine the type of battery you are charging and set the charging parameters correctly. It is
important that the nominal voltage, final voltage, and battery capacity be properly set for
desired operation. Please refer to the following information regarding the different types
of Lithium chemistry batteries.
13
CHARGING LITHIUM CHEMISTRY (LiPo/Lilo/LiFe) TYPE BATTERIES
A Lithium battery is charged at a
constant current until it reaches the
final charge voltage of 4.2 V per
cell (B). After this point the voltage
is kept at a constant level, and the
residual charge takes the form of a
declining current curve (C) until the
cut-off point (D) is reached. Charge
current = C/10. At this point you can
disconnect the battery from the
charger, as it is ready for use.
V/A/Ah
V
4.2V
A
Ah
A
B
C
D
t
The final voltage of charge process is also very important; it should be precisely
matched with the charged voltage of the battery. They are 4.2V for LiPo, 4.1V for Lilon,
and 3.6V for LiFe. The charge current and the nominal voltage for the cell count on the
charge program must always be set correctly for the battery that is being charged.
Refer to the chart on page 7 for standard lithium battery parameters
NOTE
When you want to change the settings, press the START/ENTER key to make it blink,
then use the DEC or INC key to change the setting. Then press the START/ENTER key
again to store the setting.
Charging Lithium Battery in the Charge Mode
These methods for charging LiPo/Li-Ion/LiFe batteries without a balance lead.
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
The first line on the left side of this screen shows the type of
battery chosen. The second line shows the user set current
on the left and the user set voltage on the rights. After setting
the current and voltage, press the START/ENTER key for
more than 3 seconds to start the process (charge current
range: 0.1 - 20.0A, voltage range: 3.7-22.2V).
The next display shows the number of cells you set up as ”R”
and the number of cells the processor detects as “S”. If both
numbers are identical, you can start charging by pressing the
START/ENTER button. If not, press the BATT TYPE/STOP
button to go back to the previous screen to carefully check the
number of cells of the battery pack before proceeding.
Start
Enter
This next screen shows the real-time status during the charge
process. Press the BATT TYPE/STOP key once to stop the
charge process.
Number Charging
of Cells Time
Battery
Voltage
Charging
Current
14
Charged
Capacity
CHARGING LITHIUM CHEMISTRY (LiPo/Lilo/LiFe) TYPE BATTERIES
Charging Lithium Battery in Balance Mode
This function is for balancing the voltage of Lithium-polymer battery cells individually
while charging. In the balance mode, the battery needs to have a balance lead to connect
to the balance port at the right side of the charger and the battery's power leads to the
output of the charger. Charging in this mode is different from the normal modes because
the built-in processor monitors the voltage of each individual cell and controls the input
current fed into each cell in order to equalize the voltage.
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
Start
Enter
The first line on the left side of this screen shows the type of
battery chosen. The second line shows the user set current
on the left and the user set voltage on the rights. After setting
the current and voltage, press the START/ENTER key for
more than 3 seconds to start the process (charge current
range: 0.1 - 20.0A, voltage range: 3.7-22.2V).
The next display shows the number of cells you set up as ”R”
and the number of cells the processor detects as “S”. If both
numbers are identical, you can start charging by pressing the
START/ENTER button. If not, press the BATT TYPE/STOP
button to go back to the previous screen to carefully check the
number of cells of the battery pack before proceeding.
This next screen shows the real-time status during the charge
process. Press the BATT TYPE/STOP key once to stop the
charge process.
Number Charging Battery
Voltage
of Cells Time
Charging Charged
Capacity
Current
Charging Lithium Batteries in Fast Mode
When charging lithium chemistry batteries in the fast charge mode the charging current
will become lower towards the end of the charge cycle. In fast mode the charging capacity is slightly lower than in normal charge mode, but charging time is reduced.
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
Start
Enter
The first line on the left side of this screen shows the type of
battery chosen. The second line shows the user set current
on the left and the user set voltage on the rights. After setting
the current and voltage, press the START/ENTER key for
more than 3 seconds to start the process (charge current
range: 0.1 - 20.0A, voltage range: 3.7-22.2V).
The next display shows the number of cells you set up as ”R”
and the number of cells the processor detects as “S”. If both
numbers are identical, you can start charging by pressing the
START/ENTER button. If not, press the BATT TYPE/STOP
button to go back to the previous screen to carefully check the
number of cells of the battery pack before proceeding.
This next screen shows the real-time status during the charge
process. Press the BATT TYPE/STOP key once to stop the
charge process.
Number Charging Battery
Voltage
of Cells Time
Charging Charged
Capacity
Current
15
CHARGING LITHIUM CHEMISTRY (LiPo/Lilo/LiFe) TYPE BATTERIES
NOTE
During the discharge process the X2-400’s Microprocessor monitors the voltage of each
cell during the Storage Mode or Discharge process. If the voltage of any cell is abnormal,
the charger will display an error message and immediately terminate the program.
Before disconnecting the battery review the error message then press the INC button to
display which cell is.
Charging Lithium Batteries in the Storage Mode
The Storage Mode function is for charging/discharging batteries that will not be used
immediately or that will be stored for a period of time. The program is designed for charging or discharging batteries to a specific voltage level depending on the type of battery
(Li-ion = 3.75V, LiPo = 3.85V and LiFe = 3.3V) The program will begin to discharge if the
original state of the battery exceeds the voltage level for storage.
This screen, you can set up the current and voltage of the
battery pack. Charging and discharging will bring the batteries to the storage level.
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
This screen shows the real-time status of the charge or
discharge process. Press the BATT TYPE/STOP key once to
stop the charging process.
Number Elapsed Supplied
of Cells Time Capacity
Charge or
Battery
Discarge
Voltage
Current
Error Message Display
This screen shows that the processor detected the voltage of
one on the cells is too low.
INC
This screen shows the 4th cell was damaged. If the cell is
disconnected or not present the reading of the voltage will be
zero.
DISCHARGING LITHIUM CHEMISTRY (LiPo/Lilo/LiFe) TYPE BATTERIES
WARNING: Lithium batteries cannot be discharged to a voltage lower than the minimum
voltage for the cell type. Doing so will result in a rapid loss of capacity and/or total failure.
While the X2-400 monitors each individual cell during the discharge process the discharging cutoff is based on the total pack voltage therefore it is important to watch the discharge
process closely to make sure a cell does not fall below the minimum voltage. Generally,
lithium batteries don’t need to be discharged and it is not recommended that you discharge
them. If you do choose to discharge your lithium batteries it is recommended that you cycle
them using use Storage Mode charging to cycle the batteries.
16
DISCHARGING LITHIUM CHEMISTRY (LiPo/Lilo/LiFe) TYPE BATTERIES
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
The setting of the discharge current on the left cannot exceed
1C, and the setting on the right cannot be under the voltage
recommended by the manufacturer to avoid deep discharging. Press the START/ENTER key for more than 3 seconds to
start discharging.
This shows the real-time status of discharging; you can press
the BATT TYPE/STOP key to stop discharging.
Battery
Number Elapsed
Voltage
of Cells Time
Discharge Discharged
Current
Capacity
Error Message Display
This screen shows that the processor detected the voltage of
one on the cells is too low.
INC
This screen shows the 4th cell was damaged. If the cell is
disconnected or not present the reading of the voltage will be
zero.
CHARGING/ DISCHARGING AND CYCLING NiCd OR NiMh BATTERIES
There are two methods of charging NiCD and NiMh batteries, Manual or Auto Mode. When
in the NiMh or NiCd Program Select screen you can change modes by pressing the
START/ENTER key until the current field begins flashing then press INC and DEC simultaneously to switch between Auto and Manual Mode. using the charge current you set up. In
the “auto” mode, you should set the upper limit of the charge current to avoid damage caused
by excessive charge current. This is especially important for low quality batteries that have
low resistance and capacity. In the “manual mode” the charger will only charge at the current
you set. Note the following charger / discharge specifications for NiCd and NiMh Batteries.
Nominal Voltage level: 1.2V/cell
Allowable Fast Charge Current: 1C-2C (depends on performance of cell)
Discharge Voltage Cut Off Level NiCd: 0.85V per cell
Discharge Voltage Cut Off Level NiMh: 1.0V per cell
Charging NiCd or NiMh Batteries
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
This program is for charging NiCd/NiMH batteries typically
used in an R/C model application. Press the START/ENTER
key until the parameter you want to change begins to blink
then use the INC or DEC keys to change the value. Press the
START/ENTER key to store the setting.
This screen shows the real-time status of charging. You can
press the BATT TYPE/STOP key to stop the charge process.
Battery Elapsed
Type
Time
Battery
Voltage
Charge Charged
Current Capacity
17
CHARGING/ DISCHARGING AND CYCLING NiCd OR NiMh BATTERIES
Discharging NiCd or NiMh Batteries
Set the discharge current on the left and the voltage cutoff on
the right by pressing the START/ENTER key for more than 3
seconds to start the program. Discharge current can be set
from 0.1-5.0A and voltage cutoff from 0.1-25.0V.
DEC INC
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
This screen indicates the discharging state. You can press the
START/ENTER key to alter the discharge current. Press the
START/ENTER key again to store the setting. Press the BATT
TYPE/STOP key to stop discharging. The charger will emit a
sound to indicate the end of the discharge process.
Elapsed Discharged
Capacity Battery
Battery Time
Type
Discharge
Voltage
Current
Charge/Discharge Cycling Of NiCd/NiMh Batteries
Set the cycle sequence on the left and the number of cycles on
the right. The battery can be cycled 1-5 cycles.
DEC INC
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
Press the BATT TYPE/STOP key to stop the program then
press the START/ENTER key to alter the charge or discharge
current. A sound will indicate the end of the program.
Elapsed Battery Discharged
Battery Time Voltage or Charged
Type
Capacity
Discharge
or Charge
Current
When the charger approaches the end of the program cycle,
you can view the capacity of the battery being charged or
discharged. Use the INC or DEC keys to scroll through the
results of each cycle.
CHARGING / DISCHARGING LEAD-ACID (PB) BATTERIES
This program is only suitable for charging a lead-acid (PB) type battery with a nominal
voltage range of 2 to 20 volts. Lead acid (Pb) batteries can only deliver current lower in
comparison to their capacity. The same restriction applies to the charging process.
Consequently, the optimum charge current for lead acid (Pb) batteries is only 1/10 of its
rated capacity. You cannot fast charge lead acid (Pb) batteries. Please refer to the
following specification regarding charging and discharging lead acid (Pb) batteries.
Nominal Voltage Level: 2.0V per cell
Maximum Charge Voltage: 2.46V per cell
Allowable Charge Current: 0.4C or less
Discharge Voltage Cut Off Level: 1.75V or higher per cell
.
18
CHARGING / DISCHARGING LEAD-ACID (PB) BATTERIES
NOTICE
Due to the chemistry characteristic of a Pb battery, the cut-off point may be difficult to
detect at times. We recommend you use the CAPACITY CUT-OFF feature to protect the
battery. Refer to the Default User Preferences Setup section of this manual to set up
this feature.
Charging Lead Acid (Pb) Batteries
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
Set the charge current on the left and the nominal voltage on
the right. Charge current can be set from 0.1-6.0A. The voltage
must match the battery being charged. Press the
START/ENTER key for more than 3 seconds to start charging.
The screen will display the real-time charging status. Press the
START/ENTER key to alter the charge current. Press the
START/ENTER key again to store the parameter settings you
set. Press the BATT TYPE/STOP key to end the program.
Elapsed Battery
Voltage
Battery Time
Charged
Type
Charge
Capacity
Current
Discharging Lead Acid (Pb) Batteries
DEC INC
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3 seconds’
Enter
Set up the discharge current on the left and the nominal
voltage on the right. The discharge current can be set from
0.1-5.0A. The voltage should match the battery being
charged. Press the START/ENTER key for more than 3
seconds to start discharging.
The screen displays the real-time discharging status. Press
the Start/Enter key to alter the discharge current. Press the
Start/Enter key again to store the parameter value you set.
Press the BATT TYPE/STOP key to end the program.
Elapsed Battery
Voltage
Battery Time
Discharged
Type
Discharge
Capacity
Current
19
BATTERY DATA PRESET STORAGE AND LOAD FEATURE
For your convenience, the X2-400 has a data storage and load program that can store
up to five preset battery charge or discharge configurations. You can recall these
settings when charging or discharging without having to setup the program again. To
get to the save data screen press the BATT. TYPE/ STOP button until you see the
Save Data screen. Press the START/ENTER key to modify the menu, and use the INC
or DEC to change the parameters.
Save Data Program
Setting of the parameters in the first screen will not affect the
charge and discharge process. It is only for identifying the
specification of the battery you will create a preset for. In this
example it is a NiMH battery pack with 12 cells and a capacity
of 3000mAh. When you have completed this process press
and hold the START/ENTER key for 3 seconds to enter the
charge/discharge setup screen.
Start
Enter
Data
Capacity Type of
Voltage Number
Battery
Batt Type
Stop
DEC INC
Start
‘>3seconds’
Enter
Set up the charge current in the manual mode, or the current
limit in the auto mode. Press the INC and DEC key simultaneously to make the current field blink to switch the charge
mode.
DEC INC
Set up the discharge current and cutoff voltage.
DEC INC
DEC INC
DEC INC
Set up the charge/ discharge sequence and cycle number.
DEC INC
DEC INC
Start ‘>3seconds’
Enter
Once you have completed the setup procedures press and
hold the START/ENTER key for 3 seconds to save the data.
Load Data Program
This program is designed to load the data stored in the “save data” program. To get to
the save data screen press the BATT. TYPE/ STOP button until you see the Load Data
screen Press the START/ENTER key to make the data field blink and press the INC or
DEC keys for at least 3 seconds to load the data.
Start
Enter
Choose the data number you want to call back. The data you
want to call back will be displayed.
Start
‘>3seconds’
Enter
Load the data.
20
WARNING AND ERROR MESSAGES
The X2-400 incorporates a variety of systems to verify the various charge/discharge
processes and the overall state of the electronics. In case of an error, the charger will
emit an audible alarm and the screen will display the cause of the error. See the following description of the errors and their possible causes.
Incorrect polarity connected.
Battery connection is interrupted.
Short circuit on the battery connection.
Incorrect input voltage.
The voltage of the battery pack has been incorrectly set.
The charger has malfunctioned for some reason. Contact the
Hitec RCD USA customer service department immediately.
The voltage is lower than which is set, check the number of
cells in the battery pack.
The voltage is higher than which is set, check the number of
cells in the battery pack.
The voltage of one cell in the battery pack is too low, check the
voltage of each cell.
The voltage of one cell in the battery pack is too high, check
the voltage of each cell.
An improper connection to the battery is detected, check the
connectors to insure they are properly connected.
The internal temperature of the charger is too high. Allow it to
cool down by discontinuing use.
The processor cannot control the output current, take corrective
action immediately or contact the Hitec RCD USA customer
service department.
21
MAXIMUM CIRCUIT POWER CHART (PER OUTPUT)
Battery
Type
LiPo
LiIon
LiFe
NiCd/NiMH
Pb
1S
2S
3S
4S
5S
6S
1S
2S
3S
4S
5S
6S
1S
2S
3S
4S
5S
6S
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
3.7
7.4
11.1
14.8
18.5
22.2
3.6
7.2
10.8
14.4
18.0
21.6
3.3
6.6
9.9
13.2
16.5
19.8
2.4
3.6
4.8
6.0
7.2
8.4
9.6
10.8
12.0
13.2
14.4
15.6
16.8
18.0
6.0
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
4.2
8.4
12.6
16.8
21.0
25.2
4.1
8.2
12.3
16.4
20.5
24.6
3.6
7.2
10.8
14.4
18.0
21.6
3.0
4.5
6.0
7.5
9.0
10.5
12.0
13.5
15.0
16.5
18.0
19.5
21.0
22.5
7.4
9.8
12.3
14.8
17.2
19.7
22.1
24.6
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
19.0
16.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
19.0
16.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
18.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
19.0
18.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
18.0
16.0
5.0
3.0
2.0
1.5
1.2
1.0
5.0
3.0
2.0
1.5
1.2
1.0
5.0
3.5
2.3
1.7
1.4
1.2
5.0
5.0
4.2
3.3
2.8
2.4
2.1
1.9
1.7
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
3.4
2.5
2.0
1.7
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.0
The amount of charge current feeding the battery is automatically limited to a maximum of 400 Watts per channel. The maximum discharge power is approximately 25
Watts per watts per channel and is limited by charger's internal thermal sensor for
maximum discharge current. If the internal temperature reaches more than 80° Celsius
(176° F), the chargers processes will automatically stop and the "TEMP OVER ERR"
will show on the LCD. To avoid overheating your charger and causing damage please
refer to the following chart for the maximum charging/discharging current.
22
RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES
P.C. Link Adapter
PN: 44168
Temperature
Sensor Cable
PN:44159
EH Adaptor
PN:44154
XH Adaptor
PN:44155
HP/PQ Adaptor
PN:44153
TP/FP Adaptor
PN:44152
CONFORMITY AND REGULATORY INFORMATION
The Hitec X2-400 satisfies all relevant and mandatory FCC and EC regulatory directives including the following.
EN 61000- 6- 3: 2007
Electromagnetic compatibility ( EMC) -- Part 6- 3:
Generic standards - Emission standard for residential,
commercial and light- industrial environments
EN 55014- 1: 2006
Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements for
household appliances, electric tools and
similar apparatus -- Part 1: Emission
EN 61000- 6- 1: 2007
Electromagnetic compatibility ( EMC) Part 6- 1:
Generic standards Immunity for residential,
commercial and light- industrial environments
EN 55014- 2: 1997+
A1: 2001+A2:2008
Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements for
household appliances, electric tools and
similar apparatus - Immunity - Product family
standard
This symbol means that when any type of electronics reaches the end
of its life it cannot be disposed with normal household waste and must
be recycled. To find a recycling center near you refer to the internet or
Yellow Pages under electronic waste recyclers.
STATE OF CALIFORNIA PROP 65 WARNING
This product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer. Use
caution when handling this product and avoid exposure to any electronic components
or internal assemblies.
23
WARRANTY AND SERVICE INFORMATION
ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
For a period of one year from the date of purchase HITEC RCD USA, INC. shall REPAIR
OR REPLACE, at HITEC RCD, INC. option, defective equipment covered by this
warranty, otherwise the purchaser and/or consumer is responsible for any charges for the
repair or replacement of the radio. This warranty does not cover cosmetic damages and
damages due to acts of God, accident, misuse, abuse, negligence, improper installation,
or damages caused by alterations by unauthorized persons or entities. This warranty only
applies to the original purchaser of HITEC RCD, INC. products purchased and used the
products in the United States of America, Canada and Mexico. Batteries, plastic cases
and gears are not covered by this warranty.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER
FOR MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT AS PROVIDED
UNDER THIS WARRANTY IS THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY. HITEC RCD, INC. SHALL
NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES FOR
BREACH OF ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY RELATING TO THIS PRODUCT. EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT PROHIBITED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTY OF MERCHANABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICUALR PURPOSE ON
THIS PRODUCT IS LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE DURATION OF THIS WARRANTY.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages, or allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
have other rights which vary from state to state.
REPAIR AND SERVICING
To have your Hitec X2-400 Serviced follow these instructions.
1. Visit the Hitec RCD USA website and download the service request form.
http://www.hitecrcd.com/files/serviceform.pdf
2. Complete the service request form in its entirety and include a COPY of your
original receipt showing the purchase date.
3. PACKAGE YOUR RETURN IN ITS ORIGINAL PACKAGING OR USE A TOTAL
SUSPENSION TYPE PACKAGING (FOAM PEANUTS OR NEWSPAPER). HITEC
RCD SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR GOODS DAMAGED IN TRANSIT.
4. Ship prepaid (COD or postage due returns will be refused) via a traceable
common carrier (UPS, insured parcel post, FED EX, etc.) TO:
Hitec RCD USA, Inc.
Customer Service Center
12115 Paine St.
Poway, CA 92064
24
USER PRESET DATA
Charger Port 1 Presets
Preset
No.
Battery Type
Charge Mode
Charge/Discharge
Current
Charge/Discharge
Voltage
Charge Mode
Charge/Discharge
Current
Charge/Discharge
Voltage
1
2
3
4
5
Charger Port 2 Presets
Preset
No.
Battery Type
1
2
3
4
5
USER NOTES
25
All specifications and figures are subject to change without notice.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement