xx
ZZZ
WVR7200
Waveform Rasterizers
User Manual
*P077066800*
077-0668-00
xx
ZZZ
WVR7200
Waveform Rasterizers
User Manual
www.tektronix.com
077-0668-00
Copyright © Tektronix. All rights reserved. Licensed software products are owned by Tektronix or its subsidiaries
or suppliers, and are protected by national copyright laws and international treaty provisions.
Tektronix products are covered by U.S. and foreign patents, issued and pending. Information in this publication
supersedes that in all previously published material. Specifications and price change privileges reserved.
TEKTRONIX and TEK are registered trademarks of Tektronix, Inc.
FlexVu and CaptureVu are registered trademarks of Tektronix, Inc.
Contacting Tektronix
Tektronix, Inc.
14150 SW Karl Braun Drive
P.O. Box 500
Beaverton, OR 97077
USA
For product information, sales, service, and technical support:
In North America, call 1-800-833-9200.
Worldwide, visit www.tektronix.com to find contacts in your area.
Warranty
Tektronix warrants that this product will be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one (1)
year from the date of shipment. If any such product proves defective during this warranty period, Tektronix, at its
option, either will repair the defective product without charge for parts and labor, or will provide a replacement
in exchange for the defective product. Parts, modules and replacement products used by Tektronix for warranty
work may be new or reconditioned to like new performance. All replaced parts, modules and products become
the property of Tektronix.
In order to obtain service under this warranty, Customer must notify Tektronix of the defect before the expiration of
the warranty period and make suitable arrangements for the performance of service. Customer shall be responsible
for packaging and shipping the defective product to the service center designated by Tektronix, with shipping
charges prepaid. Tektronix shall pay for the return of the product to Customer if the shipment is to a location within
the country in which the Tektronix service center is located. Customer shall be responsible for paying all shipping
charges, duties, taxes, and any other charges for products returned to any other locations.
This warranty shall not apply to any defect, failure or damage caused by improper use or improper or inadequate
maintenance and care. Tektronix shall not be obligated to furnish service under this warranty a) to repair damage
resulting from attempts by personnel other than Tektronix representatives to install, repair or service the product;
b) to repair damage resulting from improper use or connection to incompatible equipment; c) to repair any damage
or malfunction caused by the use of non-Tektronix supplies; or d) to service a product that has been modified or
integrated with other products when the effect of such modification or integration increases the time or difficulty
of servicing the product.
THIS WARRANTY IS GIVEN BY TEKTRONIX WITH RESPECT TO THE PRODUCT IN LIEU OF ANY
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. TEKTRONIX AND ITS VENDORS DISCLAIM ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
TEKTRONIX' RESPONSIBILITY TO REPAIR OR REPLACE DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS IS THE SOLE
AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY PROVIDED TO THE CUSTOMER FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY.
TEKTRONIX AND ITS VENDORS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL,
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IRRESPECTIVE OF WHETHER TEKTRONIX OR THE VENDOR HAS
ADVANCE NOTICE OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
[W2 – 15AUG04]
Table of Contents
General Safety Summary ........................................................................................
Environmental Considerations ...................................................................................
Preface ..............................................................................................................
Where to Find More Information ...........................................................................
Conventions Used in This Manual .........................................................................
Getting Started ......................................................................................................
Key Features ...................................................................................................
Accessories .....................................................................................................
Installation ......................................................................................................
Incoming Inspection ..........................................................................................
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument .....................................................................
Front-Panel Controls .........................................................................................
Remote Front Panel Control .................................................................................
Instrument Online Help ......................................................................................
Instrument Display ...........................................................................................
Signal Inputs .......................................................................................................
SDI Signals ....................................................................................................
Composite Signals ............................................................................................
Dual Link Signals.............................................................................................
Multi-Input Display Mode ...................................................................................
Simultaneous Input Monitoring .............................................................................
SyncVu™ ......................................................................................................
Reference Loop ...............................................................................................
Signal Generation.............................................................................................
Display Information ...............................................................................................
Waveform Display ............................................................................................
Vector Display.................................................................................................
Gamut Display ................................................................................................
Timing Display................................................................................................
Datalist Display ...............................................................................................
Bowtie Display................................................................................................
LTC Display ...................................................................................................
Ancillary (ANC) Data Display ..............................................................................
Audio Video Delay (AVD) Display.........................................................................
Eye Display....................................................................................................
Jitter Display ..................................................................................................
Status Displays ................................................................................................
Audio Display .................................................................................................
Picture Display ................................................................................................
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Functions ...........................................................................................................
Gain, Sweep, and Magnification ............................................................................
Cursors .........................................................................................................
Capture.........................................................................................................
Line Select.....................................................................................................
Headphone Volume and Source Adjustment...............................................................
Presets..........................................................................................................
Software Upgrades ...........................................................................................
Monitoring the SDI Physical Layer ...........................................................................
Display Types ...............................................................................................
Configuring Physical Layer Settings .....................................................................
To Set SMPTE 259/292/425 Alarm Thresholds.........................................................
To Configure Physical Layer Alarms .....................................................................
To Make Eye Measurements ..............................................................................
To Make Jitter Measurements .............................................................................
Taking Cable Loss Measurements ........................................................................
Alarms .......................................................................................................
Checking Chroma/Luma Delay (Lightning Display) ........................................................
Checking Gamut .................................................................................................
To Set Up Gamut Checks ..................................................................................
Checking RGB Gamut .....................................................................................
Checking Composite Gamut...............................................................................
Checking Luma Gamut.....................................................................................
Automating Gamut Checks ................................................................................
ARIB Displays ...................................................................................................
ARIB Status .................................................................................................
ARIB STD-B.39 Display ..................................................................................
ARIB STD-B.37 Display and Status Screens............................................................
ARIB STD-B.35 Display and Status Screens............................................................
ARIB TR-B.23 (1) Display and Status Screens .........................................................
ARIB TR-B.23 (2) Display and Status Screens .........................................................
ARIB TR-B.22 Display and Status Screens .............................................................
Audio Monitoring ...............................................................................................
Configuring Audio Inputs..................................................................................
Selecting Audio Inputs .....................................................................................
To Check Audio Level and Phase.........................................................................
To Check Surround Sound .................................................................................
To Monitor Dolby Based Surround Sound...............................................................
Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area Compliance .....................................
Monitoring CC and Teletext ...............................................................................
Monitoring for Safe Area Compliance ...................................................................
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Table of Contents
Monitoring for AFD Compliance .........................................................................
Application Example ............................................................................................
Timing a Studio .............................................................................................
Reference .........................................................................................................
Description of Cable Types ................................................................................
Index
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Table of Contents
List of Figures
Figure 1: Connecting the instrument to a PC....................................................................
Figure 2: Rear panel...............................................................................................
Figure 3: Front panel..............................................................................................
Figure 4: Instrument online help.................................................................................
Figure 5: Display Select buttons .................................................................................
Figure 6: Full button function....................................................................................
Figure 7: Status bar in single input mode.......................................................................
Figure 8: Status bar in simultaneous input mode ..............................................................
Figure 9: Single SDI signal connection .........................................................................
Figure 10: Two SDI signal connection..........................................................................
Figure 11: Four SDI signal connection for instruments with Option 2SDI .................................
Figure 12: Composite signal connection........................................................................
Figure 13: Dual Link signal connection ........................................................................
Figure 14: Dual Link information placement in waveform display..........................................
Figure 15: Waveform display in Multi-Input mode showing multiple channels ...........................
Figure 16: External reference signal connection ...............................................................
Figure 17: Signal generation connection........................................................................
Figure 18: Using the Display Select buttons ...................................................................
Figure 19: Navigate menus using the arrow keys and select button .........................................
Figure 20: Vector display with Luma Qualified Vector (LQV) enabled.....................................
Figure 21: Lightning display .....................................................................................
Figure 22: Timing display ........................................................................................
Figure 23: Timing display of integer multiples of reference rates ...........................................
Figure 24: Timing display of non-integer multiples of reference rates ......................................
Figure 25: Datalist display .......................................................................................
Figure 26: Bowtie display ........................................................................................
Figure 27: LTC display ...........................................................................................
Figure 28: ANC Data display ....................................................................................
Figure 29: AV Delay display .....................................................................................
Figure 30: Eye display in 4-tile mode (no histogram).........................................................
Figure 31: Eye display in single tile mode (full-screen) with histogram ....................................
Figure 32: The Jitter display parameters as shown in a single tile when the instrument is in 4-tile
mode............................................................................................................
Figure 33: The Jitter display parameters as shown when the instrument is in single-tile mode ..........
Figure 34: Error log ...............................................................................................
Figure 35: Alarm Status display .................................................................................
Figure 36: Video Session display of HD signal ................................................................
Figure 37: Audio Session display................................................................................
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Table of Contents
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Audio Loudness Session display....................................................................
Audio Control Packet format........................................................................
Audio Control Packet structure .....................................................................
Audio Control display................................................................................
Auxiliary Data Status display .......................................................................
Dolby Status display .................................................................................
SDI Status display ....................................................................................
Audio display .........................................................................................
16-Channel audio bars display ......................................................................
Picture display showing color bars .................................................................
VChip, CC-Display, Teletext, and Safe Area Graticule in Picture display.....................
Using cursors in the waveform display ............................................................
Navigating line selection ............................................................................
Sample of transfer.exe window after the upgrade is complete ..................................
Eye measurement cursor placement ..............................................................
Using cursors to measure aberrations in the Eye pattern.......................................
Measuring rise time using variable gain in Eye .................................................
Measuring jitter .....................................................................................
Using cursors to measure jitter....................................................................
Cable loss information in the SDI Status display ...............................................
Determining transition intersections in the Lightning display.................................
Diamond display plot ..............................................................................
Out-of-gamut examples ............................................................................
Arrowhead gamut display plots ...................................................................
ARIB Status display, showing no data present ..................................................
ARIB STD-B.39 display (with the associated ARIB Status display).........................
ARIB STD-B.37 display (with the associated ARIB Status display).........................
ARIB STD-B.35 display (with the associated ARIB Status display).........................
ARIB TR-B.23 (1) display (with the associated ARIB Status display) ......................
ARIB TR-B.23 (2) display (with the associated ARIB Status display) ......................
ARIB TR-B.22 display (with the associated ARIB Status display)...........................
Audio levels .........................................................................................
Checking for phase correlation ...................................................................
Surround sound indicators.........................................................................
Dolby surround sound display ....................................................................
Audio display for Dolby ...........................................................................
Dolby display readout..............................................................................
Auxiliary Data Status display .....................................................................
Closed caption display area .......................................................................
Safe Action and Safe Title areas ..................................................................
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Table of Contents
List of Tables
Table i: Product documentation.................................................................................. xi
Table 1: Key features .............................................................................................. 1
Table 2: Standard accessories ..................................................................................... 4
Table 3: Optional accessories ..................................................................................... 5
Table 4: Service options ........................................................................................... 6
Table 5: Instrument options ....................................................................................... 7
Table 6: Channel Mode versus Listening Modes ............................................................ 156
vi
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
General Safety Summary
General Safety Summary
Review the following safety precautions to avoid injury and prevent damage to
this product or any products connected to it.
To avoid potential hazards, use this product only as specified.
Only qualified personnel should perform service procedures.
To Avoid Fire or Personal
Injury
Use proper power cord. Use only the power cord specified for this product and
certified for the country of use.
Ground the product. This product is grounded through the grounding conductor
of the power cord. To avoid electric shock, the grounding conductor must be
connected to earth ground. Before making connections to the input or output
terminals of the product, ensure that the product is properly grounded.
Observe all terminal ratings. To avoid fire or shock hazard, observe all ratings
and markings on the product. Consult the product manual for further ratings
information before making connections to the product.
Do not apply a potential to any terminal, including the common terminal, that
exceeds the maximum rating of that terminal.
Power disconnect. The power cord disconnects the product from the power source.
Do not block the power cord; it must remain accessible to the user at all times.
Do not operate without covers. Do not operate this product with covers or panels
removed.
Do not operate with suspected failures. If you suspect that there is damage to this
product, have it inspected by qualified service personnel.
Avoid exposed circuitry. Do not touch exposed connections and components when
power is present.
Do not operate in wet/damp conditions.
Do not operate in an explosive atmosphere.
Keep product surfaces clean and dry.
Provide proper ventilation. Refer to the manual's installation instructions for details
on installing the product so it has proper ventilation.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
vii
General Safety Summary
Terms in This Manual
These terms may appear in this manual:
WARNING. Warning statements identify conditions or practices that could result
in injury or loss of life.
CAUTION. Caution statements identify conditions or practices that could result in
damage to this product or other property.
Symbols and Terms on the
Product
These terms may appear on the product:
DANGER indicates an injury hazard immediately accessible as you read
the marking.
WARNING indicates an injury hazard not immediately accessible as you
read the marking.
CAUTION indicates a hazard to property including the product.
The following symbol(s) may appear on the product:
viii
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Environmental Considerations
This section provides information about the environmental impact of the product.
Product End-of-Life
Handling
Observe the following guidelines when recycling an instrument or component:
Equipment recycling. Production of this equipment required the extraction and
use of natural resources. The equipment may contain substances that could be
harmful to the environment or human health if improperly handled at the product’s
end of life. To avoid release of such substances into the environment and to
reduce the use of natural resources, we encourage you to recycle this product in
an appropriate system that will ensure that most of the materials are reused or
recycled appropriately.
This symbol indicates that this product complies with the applicable European
Union requirements according to Directives 2002/96/EC and 2006/66/EC
on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and batteries. For
information about recycling options, check the Support/Service section of the
Tektronix Web site (www.tektronix.com).
Perchlorate materials. This product contains one or more type CR lithium
batteries. According to the state of California, CR lithium batteries are
classified as perchlorate materials and require special handling. See
www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate for additional information.
Restriction of Hazardous
Substances
This product is classified as Monitoring and Control equipment, and is outside the
scope of the 2002/95/EC RoHS Directive.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
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Environmental Considerations
x
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Preface
Preface
This manual contains information to help you use the Tektronix
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers. This information includes the following:
How to set up various waveform displays for monitoring analog composite,
SD-SDI, HD-SDI, dual link SDI, or 3 Gb/s SDI video signals
How to set up audio displays to monitor analog, Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital
Plus, Dolby E, AES/EBU, or embedded AES/EBU audio signals
How to set up parameters for monitoring auxiliary data, ancillary data, closed
captions, and timecode
How to set up parameters for physical layer monitoring
How to capture video data
How to set up error logging and alarms
How to operate the instrument remotely
How to navigate instrument menus
How to operate the instrument front panel
Where to Find More Information
This product is shipped with a Product Documentation CD that contains various
user documents for all users and reference information for system integrators. The
following table shows you where you can find this and more information about
your product. You can always find the most updated documentation and software
for your product on the Tektronix Web site at www.tektronix.com/downloads.
Table i: Product documentation
To read about
Tektronix part number
Use these documents
Installation and safety
071-2640-XX
Installation and Safety Instructions
Provides installation, safety, general specifications, and
compliance information.
This is a printed manual and is also available on the Product
Documentation CD and the Web at www.tektronix.com/manuals.
Instrument operation
077-0254-XX
User Manual (this manual)
In-depth descriptions of instrument operation.
Available on the Product Documentation CD and the Web at
www.tektronix.com/manuals.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
xi
Preface
Table i: Product documentation (cont.)
To read about
Tektronix part number
Use these documents
Content-sensitive help topics
NA
Online Help
Detailed instrument operation and UI help is available in your
instrument by pressing the HELP button on the front panel of
the instrument.
Specifications and procedures for
checking instrument performance
077-0260-XX
Specifications and Performance Verification Technical
Reference
Physical, electrical, and environmental specifications; functional
checks and performance verification procedures.
Available on the Product Documentation CD and the Web at
www.tektronix.com/manuals.
System integration information
077-0392-XX
System Integration Technical Reference
Detailed information about installing the instrument into a
system.
Available on the Product Documentation CD and the Web at
www.tektronix.com/manuals.
SNMP commands
077-0261-XX
WFM and WVR Series Management Information Base (MIB)
Programmer Manual
SNMP command reference for remotely controlling the
instrument.
Available on the Product Documentation CD and the Web at
www.tektronix.com/manuals.
Information about servicing the
instrument
077-0394-XX
Service Manual
Detailed information about how to service the instrument at the
module level.
Available on the Web at www.tektronix.com/manuals.
Conventions Used in This Manual
The following icon is used throughout this manual:
Sequence
Step
xii
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Started
Thank you for purchasing the WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizer. This chapter will
help you unpack, set up, and begin to use the instrument. It is divided into the
following four sections:
Key Features describes your instrument and provides a list of key features.
Accessories shows you how to verify that you have received all of the parts of
your instrument and provides a list of standard and optional accessories and a
list of options that are available for your instrument.
Network Installation shows you how to set up your instrument on an
Ethernet network.
Incoming Inspection provides a procedure for verifying the basic operation
and functionality of your instrument.
Key Features
This instrument provides comprehensive video, audio, embedded data, and
physical layer monitoring and measuring features across a broad range of signal
formats, including 3 Gb/s, Dual Link, SD, HD, and composite.
This instrument is a reference measurement tool that can be used in the design
and manufacture of production equipment. It provides the precision and intuitive
monitoring capabilities necessary to standardize and maintain a signal through
the distribution system to the viewer.
Your instrument provides comprehensive support for physical layer measurements
and newer high definition digital production formats. It can provide a warning
of any deviation from accepted standards or possible signal incompatibilities,
and allows you to immediately evaluate the effect of any adjustment. The key
features of your instrument make it an easy to use, flexible, and effective tool.
(See Table 1.)
Table 1: Key features
Item
Description
FlexVu™ display
The FlexVu™ display is a four-tiled, high-resolution XGA display
that provides four concurrent views of a monitored signal. The
instrument also provides the flexibility to configure each of the
four display tiles independently, enabling you to quickly check the
integrity of a signal. In SIM mode, the FlexVu™ display allows for
the monitoring of two signals at the same time, dividing the display
into two sides; one for each signal.
CaptureVu™
The CaptureVu™ capability allows capture of a full frame of video
data, either user-initiated or triggered by an alarm condition.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
1
Getting Started
Table 1: Key features (cont.)
2
Item
Description
Multi-Input Display
The Multi-Input display mode allows you to simultaneously view up
to four SDI inputs of the same format. The feature is available in
Waveform, Vector, Lightning, Diamond, Split Diamond, Arrowhead,
and Spearhead displays. If you are monitoring a 2xHD Level B
3 Gb/s signal, you can select to view the streams of that signal
individually (requires Option 3G).
Presets
Customizable presets allow you to quickly save and recall
commonly used configurations.
Digital and analog
support
Support for digital applications. Analog support is available with
optional composite-analog monitoring (Option CPS).
Fully digital
processing
Fully Digital Processing allows for accurate, repeatable, drift-free
operation that surpasses traditional analog designs.
Waveform display
Traditional waveform displays allow signals to be overlaid or
paraded. This display type allows you to use the Multi-Input Display
feature.
Vector display
Vector display with Composite and Component Compass Rose
Graticules, and gain, sweep, and magnification controls. Traditional
and Lightning Vector displays are available. The latter visualizes
both luma and chroma amplitudes, and quantifies inter-channel
timing. This display type allows you to use the Multi-Input Display
feature.
Luma qualified vector
display
A vector display that is gated by a specified luminance range
(requires option PROD). Each vector tile may have a different
luminance range specified. This display type allows you to use
the Multi-Input Display feature.
Infinite Persistence
All trace displays can also be set, tile by tile, to Infinite Persistence.
This mode traces waveforms over time on the same display,
providing a visual history of the trace.
Gamut monitoring
Arrowhead, Spearhead, Diamond, and Split Diamond displays offer
user-selectable gamut thresholds so that you can set monitoring
limits appropriate to a specific operation. Gamut monitoring is fully
integrated with the alarm logging and reporting capabilities. This
display type allows you to use the Multi-Input Display feature.
LTC waveform
displays
Longitudinal Time Code (LTC) is monitored in a frame rate display
to allow observation of amplitude, synchronization and phase with
respect to reference vertical interval time code (VITC).
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Started
Table 1: Key features (cont.)
Item
Description
Audio monitoring
(requires Option AD
or Option DPE)
Surround Sound display of audio signals and phase relationships
of normal channel pairs.
Lissajous display lets you monitor a user-specified pairing of
channel inputs.
Support and options for viewing and monitoring both levels of
normal channel pairs for AES, analog, embedded audio, and Dolby
signals.
Loudness measurement, audio control packet coding, and many
popular audio scales, including BBC scales, are also supported.
Displays selected Dolby Metadata parameters present in the Dolby
D, Dolby Digital Plus, and Dolby E bitstream.
Displays Dolby E Guardband measurements.
Auxiliary data
monitoring
Support for monitoring auxiliary data including data conforming to
ARIB standards and CEA608, CEA708, AFD, and CGMS-A.
Audio Video Delay
(requires Option AVD)
Measures the duration that the video system advances or delays
the audio signal relative to its correct temporal position.
Timing display
A Tektronix proprietary display that simplifies measuring the timing
difference between two signals. Using the Timing display enables
you to easily compare and correct the timing between two signals.
Closed Captioning
support
Support for simultaneous decode and display in multiple languages
of CC standards (CEA 608 (VBI), CEA 608 (ANC), CEA (608/708),
CEA 708, TeletextB (VBI), TeletextB OP47 SDP (ANC), and
TeletextB OP47 Multi (ANC)) with caption text and V-chip
information overlaid on the picture (monitor mode). There are also
settings for missing or incorrectly inserted closed captioning.
Picture area
Support for standard and custom Safe Graticules for Picture
displays that look for incorrect placements of graphics, logos, Black
events, and Frozen events. Two Safe Area graticules and Safe
Title graticules are supported.
Status screens
Status screens provide content status at a glance.
Physical
measurements
(Requires Option
PHY3)
Verification and automatic measurement of the electrical
characteristics of the SDI physical layer. An Eye display lets you use
the graticule or voltage and time cursors to measure the waveform.
A Jitter waveform display shows jitter and jitter thermometers
provide two independent measurements of jitter and one of cable
loss, and relates those measurements to defined alarm limits.
Waveforms can also be set, tile by tile, to Infinite Persistence. This
mode traces waveforms over time on the same display, providing a
visual history of the trace.
Error tracking
Configurable alarms and error logging.
Remote control
Full remote control for complete installation flexibility.
Data List display
(requires Option DAT)
Examines the contents of all digital formats, structures, and
transports and displays the data without any interpolation.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
3
Getting Started
Table 1: Key features (cont.)
Item
Description
Ancillary data
inspector
Allows you to monitor all ancillary data present in a signal.
Simultaneous Input
mode (requires Option
SIM or S3D)
Adds Stereoscopic 3-D Video Monitoring Capabilities (including
Simultaneous Input Monitoring (SIM) of dual SDI inputs and
synchronized left eye and right eye signals monitoring (SyncVu™)).
SyncVu™
The SyncVu™ feature allows you to identically configure two inputs
at the same time when the instrument is in simultaneous input
mode.
Accessories
Standard accessories. Check that you have received all of the parts of your
instrument, which include the main instrument and all of the items listed in the
standard accessories table. (See Table 2.)
Table 2: Standard accessories
4
Accessory
Tektronix part number
WVR7200 Product Documentation kit contains:
020-3103-XX
WVR7200 Installation and Safety Instructions.
Printed multi-language document (English,
Japanese, and Simplified Chinese)
071-3024-XX
WVR7200 Product Documentation CD. Contains
electronic PDFs of the User manual (this manual),
technical references, and images useful for system
integrators
063-4428-XX
Two BNC terminators
011-0163-XX
VGA Female to DVI male adapter
013-0347-XX
Rackmount slides and rails kit
650-5343-XX
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Started
Table 2: Standard accessories (cont.)
Accessory
Power
Cord
Tektronix part number
Your instrument was shipped with one of the
following power cord options. Power cords for use
in North America are UL listed and CSA certified.
Cords for use in areas other than North America
are approved by at least one authority acceptable
in the country to which the product is shipped.
Tektronix option
number
North America
A0
Universal Euro
A1
United Kingdom
A2
Australia
A3
Switzerland
A5
Japan
A6
China
A10
India
A11
No power cord or AC adapter
A99
Optional accessories. You may have ordered some of the optional accessories
that are available for your instrument. Some of these items will ship separately
from your main instrument. (See Table 3.)
If you have any questions about accessories that you ordered, contact your
Tektronix sales representative.
Table 3: Optional accessories
Accessory
Description
Tektronix part number
WVR8RFP
Remote front panel for
the WVR7200, WVR8200
and WVR8300.
WVR8RFP
Analog audio breakout cable
(Option 62)
6 feet, male, 62-pin D
connector to 8 XLR male
output connectors and
12 XLR female input
connectors.
012-1688-00
Service options. You can add any or all of the following service options to any
instrument. (See Table 4.)
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
5
Getting Started
Table 4: Service options
Option
Description
Option CA1
Adds a single calibration or coverage for the first
designated calibration interval, whichever comes first.
Option C3
Adds 3 years of Calibration Service.
Option C5
Adds 5 years of Calibration Service.
Option D1
Adds a Calibration Data Report.
Option D3
Adds 3 years of Calibration Data Report (when ordered
with option C3).
Option D5
Adds 5 years of Calibration Data Report (when ordered
with option C5).
Option R3
Adds 3 years of Repair Service (including the period
under warranty).
Option R5
Adds 5 years of Repair Service (including period under
warranty).
Instrument options. Your instrument may have been ordered with one or more
options. (See Table 5.)
You can check which options are on the instrument after it is powered on by
performing the following steps.
1. Press the CONFIG button on the front panel.
2. Use the General knob to navigate to Utilities.
3. Press the right arrow button to navigate to the Utilities submenu and select
View Instrument Options. The menu box on the right side of the display
shows the installed options.
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Started
Table 5: Instrument options
Option
Video
Audio
Measurement
and Analysis
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Description
2SDI
Adds support for second SDI board in Slot 2 of the instrument
rear panel. With this option, this instrument can monitor up to
four SDI inputs. This option is not compatible with Option CPS.
3G
Adds support for 3G-SDI signal formats.
CPS
Adds support for Composite Analog Video Monitoring; 2
composite Analog inputs; passive loop-through. This option is
not compatible with Option 2SDI.
S3D
Adds Stereoscopic 3-D Video Monitoring Capabilities (including
Simultaneous Input Monitoring (SIM) of dual SDI inputs
and synchronized left eye and right eye signals monitoring
(SyncVu™)).
GEN
Adds color bar and pathological signal generator for SD/HD
SDI. Option 3G required for 3G-SDI support.
AD
Adds Analog Audio Monitoring (2 sets of 6 channel Analog
Audio inputs and 8 channels of Analog Audio outputs); 16
channels Embedded and AES/EBU Digital Audio support (8
channels at a time).
DPE
Adds Option AD capabilities (Analog and Digital Audio,
Embedded or External AES), plus support for decoding and
monitoring Dolby E, Dolby D, and Dolby Digital Plus Audio
(Audio cable available separately). (See Table 3.)
62
Analog Audio Breakout Cable, 6 feet, male 62-pin connector
to 8 XLR male output connectors and 12 XLR female input
connectors.
PHY3
Adds Physical Layer Measurement Package (includes 3G-SDI,
HD-SDI, and SD-SDI Eye pattern and jitter waveform displays;
automated measurements of Eye pattern parameters, jitter,
and cable parameters; Option 3G required for 3G-SDI support.
PROD
Adds Advanced Gamut Monitoring Package (Spearhead
Display and Luma Qualified Vector Display).
DAT
Adds data analysis capabilities. Allows for logic-level view
of video and embedded audio data stream and ANC data
extraction.
SIM
Adds simultaneous monitoring of 2 HD/SD-SDI inputs or one
HD/SD-SDI input and one CPS input; Option 3G required for
3G-SDI formats support
AVD
Add support for out-of-service audio/video delay measurement;
requires Option AD or DPE
7
Getting Started
Installation
See the WVR7200 Safety and Installation Instructions that shipped with your
instrument for basic installation instructions.
If you are installing this instrument into a system, see the WVR7200, WVR8200,
and WVR8300 System Integration Technical Reference for detailed installation
instructions.
Once your instrument is physically installed, you might want to connect it directly
to a PC and a network. The following information can help you do that.
Connecting Directly to a
PC
The following procedure will help you connect your instrument to a PC:
1. Connect the instrument directly to a PC with an Ethernet cable. The instrument
has an auto-crossover feature. You can also use a HUB. (See Figure 1.)
2. Set up the instrument as described in the following procedures, choosing
Manual IP mode to set the IP address manually. Be sure to set an address that
is compatible with the setting of your PC.
3. If you are using an SNMP setup, use the SNMP setup procedure.
Figure 1: Connecting the instrument to a PC
Connecting to a Network
The following topics cover configuring the IP settings so that you can use your
instrument over a network, and configuring SNMP, which is required if you are
using commands to control the instrument.
Connection and IP Settings. To allow network access to the instrument, you
must set the IP address. Network addresses can be assigned either automatically
8
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Started
(DHCP) or manually. If your network does not use DHCP, you will have to
manually enter the address for the instrument. To get an address, talk to your
LAN administrator.
To connect your instrument to a network and access it with a remote PC, do the
following:
1. Press CONFIG to display the Configuration menu.
2. Select Network Settings > Web Enable. Press SEL to select On.
3. Set the IP Config Mode to Manual or DHCP, depending on your network
setup.
4. If you cannot use DHCP, set the subnet mask and gateway address network
parameters in this menu; see your LAN administrator for required values. (Be
sure to use compatible addresses between the PC and the instrument.) You
can also set the instrument name and view the MAC Address.
5. Press CONFIG to close the Configuration menu.
SNMP Setup
If you intend to use SNMP commands to control the instrument (SNMP control
is primarily intended for access through automation systems), you must set up
SNMP parameters.
NOTE. The WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers wfm_mon.mib and the wvr8000.mib
contain SNMP OIDs and can be downloaded from the instrument Web
page. You can also download a printable version of the MIB manual from
www.tektronix.com/manuals.
The procedure to set SNMP settings is similar to the procedure for IP settings.
(See page 8, Connection and IP Settings.)
This table shows the parameters that can be set.
Setting
Description
SNMP Enable
This entry in the Network Settings part of the Configuration menu
allows you to turn on or off the remote access through SNMP.
SNMP Trap Enable
This menu entry allows you to turn on or off the traps that are
sent out through SNMP.
SNMP Trap Address
This menu entry allows you to set IP addresses to which SNMP
traps are sent through SNMP. Traps can be sent to up to four
addresses when error conditions are detected.
NOTE. A value of all zeroes for the address will disable that
trap output.
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9
Getting Started
Private Community String
This menu entry allows you to set the Private Community string.
This string is effectively a password. Without this string, SNMP
commands cannot change values in the instrument.
NOTE. The Private String is necessary for SNMP access to
write changes into the instrument.
Public Community String
This menu entry allows you to set the Public Community string.
This string is effectively a password. Without this string, SNMP
commands cannot read values from the instrument.
NOTE. The Public String is necessary for SNMP access to
read values from the instrument.
Incoming Inspection
The incoming inspection procedures are optional procedures to check the
functionality of your instrument. These procedures require no equipment
other than an external monitor or display. For a more robust inspection, see
the performance verification procedures in the WVR7200 Specifications and
Performance Verification Technical Reference that is included on the Product
Documentation CD that shipped with your instrument.
Basic Turn On and Self
Test
The following test can performed with or without the external monitor. Using the
external monitor allows you to check that the DVI connector on the rear panel is
working properly.
1. Connect a monitor to the EXT DISPLAY connector on the rear panel of the
instrument. This connector is a DVI-I connector with socket contacts. The
output supports DVI monitors directly and analog PC (RGB) monitors using a
DVI-I to VGA adapter.
2. Connect the AC line cord to the rear of the instrument and to a 100 to
240 VAC source.
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Started
Figure 2: Rear panel
3. Press the Power button on the front panel to turn the instrument on. It is
located on the bottom left corner of the front panel.
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11
Getting Started
Figure 3: Front panel
4. After about 30 seconds, the power-on diagnostic page should appear on the
screen.
5. Verify that all self tests pass. Any failures are shown in red. The results of
the power-on diagnostics are erased from the screen, but you can view the
results by selecting CONFIG > Utilities > View Diagnostics Log > SEL or
by viewing them on the instrument Web page.
6. After the diagnostics are finished, the instrument state is restored. When the
progress indicator in the status bar is finished, the instrument has finished
initializing.
7. Record Pass or Fail for the POST (Power On Self Test) in the test record.
8. If it is still open, exit the Diagnostics Log.
Front Panel Test
1. Press and hold the PRESET button.
2. Use the GENERAL knob to navigate to Recall Preset.
3. Press the right and down arrow keys to navigate to Recall Factory Preset and
press the SEL button.
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Started
4. Press the FULL button to change the display screen from 4-tile view to
single-tile view.
5. Press the HELP button to display the help screen.
6. Press all of the other buttons, one at a time.
Each button should flash as you press it. Most buttons show related help text.
Some buttons, such as the presets, show the same information. The HELP
button, the four arrow keys, and the SEL button do not show help text, but
are used to navigate the help panes and content.
Figure 4: Instrument online help
7. Press the right arrow key until the Help Contents pane in the upper-left
corner of the help display is highlighted.
8. Turn the GENERAL knob and check that the selector box moves up and
down the list.
9. Press the HELP button to exit help.
Fan Test
You should be able to hear the fans and feel air coming out of the back of the
instrument. At low temperatures, the fans will turn slowly and be very quiet.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
13
Getting Started
14
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument
Front-Panel Controls
NOTE. Some of the controls that are covered in this section are option-dependent.
For a list of the options that are installed on your instrument, press the CONFIG
button. In the configuration menu, select the Utilities submenu. The View
Instrument Options entry lists the options installed on your instrument.
Three Levels of Control
You control the instrument on three levels:
Frequently changed settings. The front-panel buttons control the most
commonly changed parameters, such as which measurement appears in each
tile. The knobs are used to adjust levels and make selections.
Tile-specific settings. Pop-up menus control parameters that are specific to
the tile in which they are displayed. The pop-up menus control less frequently
changed parameters such as the waveform display mode (for example,
changing the waveform display mode from RGB to YPbPr). To display a
pop-up menu, press and hold the desired MEASURE SELECT or DISPLAY
SELECT button for about a second.
Instrument-wide settings. The parameters in the Configuration menu are
instrument-wide settings. The configuration menu controls settings that are
changed only occasionally, such as changing waveform color or setting the
network address.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
15
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument
16
Scope of Controls
Some controls are global and affect all tiles, while other controls only affect the
active tile. Generally, if a control is configured by front-panel buttons or by a
pop-up menu, it is tile-specific. (Exceptions are the Input buttons and all audio
features, both of which are global.) If a control is configured by the CONFIG
menu, selections are usually global.
Layout and Usage
The primary front panel elements shown below are described in the table that
follows. The Usage Procedure column in the table refers you to a procedure in
this manual that explains how to use the element. If there is no page reference, the
information given explains the basic function of the element.
Control Element or Group
Usage Procedures
Display selection buttons
Press the numbered buttons to choose which
of the four tiles to activate. You can also
view a tile full-screen by pressing the FULL
button.
Measurement buttons
How to select a display using the
Measurement buttons (See page 33.)
Gain and Sweep buttons
How to use Gain, Sweep, and Magnification
(See page 89.)
Preset buttons
How to use Presets
(See page 93.)
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument
Control Element or Group
Usage Procedures
Input Selection buttons
Selecting Signal Inputs (See page 23.)
Line Select button
Setting Line Select Mode (See page 92.)
EXT REF button
External Reference (See Figure 16.)
Timing a Studio (See page 165.)
Capture button
Capturing the Display (See page 91,
Capture.)
Help button
Online Help (See page 18, To Navigate
Online Help.)
Cursor button
Measuring Waveforms with Cursors (See
Figure 49.)
Configuration button
Use to set parameters, view instrument
options, upgrade SW, and perform many
other tasks.
Up/Down/Left/Right arrow and SEL buttons
Use to navigate menus and select
parameters.
General knob
Use to navigate menus and adjust
parameters.
Vertical and Horizontal knobs
Use to position waveforms when displayed
in tiles or full-screen. When the Audio tile is
active, use the Horizontal knob to adjust the
headphone volume.
Power button
Press to turn the instrument on or off. Note
that this button does not remove power from
the mains.
Display button
Access to waveform, graticule, display
capture to USB, and Infinite Persistence
mode.
Main button
Access to Multi-Input Display mode, SyncVu
mode, SIM mode, 3D input, and USB status.
Other button
Access to the LTC Display (See page 50.)
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
17
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument
Remote Front Panel Control
This instrument can be controlled remotely by the Tektronix WVR8RFP remote
front panel, an optional accessory. The remote front panel functions just like the
instrument front panel, with just a few differences. For detailed installation and
operation information, see the WVR8RFP Remote Front Panel Instructions.
Instrument Online Help
When you press the HELP button on the front panel of your instrument, the
instrument online help is accessed. Use the instrument online help when you
have questions about buttons, features, operations, or anything else related to
your instrument. It is:
Context-sensitive. The topic displayed depends on what is displayed in the
active tile when the online help is selected or what control is operated after
help is selected.
Navigable. The Contents and Topic Selector panes, with links within the
topics, provide access to topics. (See Figure 4 on page 13.)
To Navigate Online Help
1. Press the HELP button.
2. Press the right arrow key to navigate to the Help Contents pane.
3. Use the General knob or the up/down arrow keys to highlight an entry in
the Contents (entries never change).
4. Press the SEL button to select the highlighted category.
5. Press the right arrow key to move from pane to pane. The right-side pane will
contain the topic content related to the front panel button you press while help
is activated or the links in the help files and menus you use.
6. Press the HELP button again to exit online help.
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument
Instrument Display
This instrument uses FlexVu™, which is a flexible, four-tiled display that can
show four tiles at one time or a single, full-screen sized tile. Each tile can display
a different measurement, effectively creating four independent instruments. To
allow the tiles to function independently, most of the controls affect only one
tile at a time.
Display Select Buttons
Activate one of the four tiles by pressing a numbered Display Select button. The
active tile is outlined in blue and the numbered button associated with that tile
is lit. (See Figure 5.)
Figure 5: Display Select buttons
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19
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument
Switch from 4-tile to single tile (full-screen) view by pressing the FULL button.
Press the FULL button again to return to 4-tile view. (See Figure 6.)
Figure 6: Full button function
Status Bar
The Status Bar is located on the bottom of the instrument display and shows
instrument status and monitored signal information. (See Figure 7.) (See
Figure 8.)
When a single input is being monitored, the status bar shows the type of signal,
any alarms associated with that signal, and other information. (See Figure 7.)
Figure 7: Status bar in single input mode
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument
When multiple inputs are being monitored, the status bar shows each signal type,
any alarms associated with either of the signals, and other information. (See
Figure 8.)
Figure 8: Status bar in simultaneous input mode
Status display
element
Description
Input Format
Text indicating the format of the signal on the selected input or whether
signal is missing or unlocked.
EDH Error
A one-line area that is visible if EDH errors are present.
RGB Gamut Error
A one-line area that is visible if RGB gamut errors are present.
NOTE. Because RGB and Composite Gamut messages appear on
the same line in the display, if both RGB and Composite Gamut errors
are present at the same time, the message "RGB and Cmpst Gamut"
will appear.
Composite Gamut
Error
A one-line area that is visible if Composite gamut (Arrowhead) errors
are present.
NOTE. Because RGB and Composite Gamut messages appear on
the same line in the display, if both RGB and Composite Gamut errors
are present at the same time, the message "RGB and Cmpst Gamut"
will appear.
Luma Gamut
Errors
A one-line area that is visible if Luma errors are present.
Alarm/Error
Indicator
An icon visible when alarms of types other than those in the four
readouts just listed occur.
Date and Time
Readout of the date and time (set in CONFIG > Utilities).
Instrument Name
Name assigned to the instrument in the CONFIG > Utilities menu.
Audio Status
An up to 32-character string indicating the selected audio input or the
embedded audio channel status, when embedded audio is the selected
input. In the latter case, each character shows the status of a specific
channel: – for not present and p for present.
Timecode
Readout
A readout showing the selected time-code value.
Reference Source
Text indicating the source of the current reference. Possible references
are: Ext., Internal. Also indicates format and whether the reference is
missing or unlocked.
Current Input
Text indicating the selected input. Some possible inputs are: SDI 1A,
SDI 2A, SDI 1B, SDI 2B, Cmpst 2A, and Cmpst 2B (depending on
installed options). Also indicates if the current input is not in Auto mode
or is unlocked.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
21
Getting Acquainted With Your Instrument
Status Bar Icons
Display Icons
Description
Warning - Appears when an error or an alarm that is mapped to the
user interface triggers.
Alarms Muted - Appears when the alarms are muted from the
STATUS pop-up menu.
Remote Access - Appears when the instrument is accessed from the
network. For example, when sending commands to the instrument
from the remote interface.
Alarms Disabled - This text appears in the Status Bar when Alarms
are disabled from the Configuration menu.
Freeze Active - Appears when the tiles are frozen or captured.
Camera Tally – Appears when camera tally mode is on. This setting
is accessed from the CONFIG > Utilities > Ground Closure Mode
menu. This mode used the REMOTE connector and is used to
define which input is On-Air (RED) and which input is available to be
adjusted (GREEN). When this mode is on, it is also indicated above
the Picture display of the selected input.
NOTE. For REMOTE connector pin descriptions, see the WFM7200
Waveform Monitors Installation and Safety Instructions.
Rear Panel Specifications
22
See the WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers Safety and Installation Instructions that
shipped with your instrument for rear panel specifications. It is also available
in electronic format on the Product Documentation CD and on the Web at
www.tektronix.com/manuals.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Signal Inputs
Signal Inputs
Once you have connected a signal source to the rear panel of your instrument,
there are several menus you will want to use to set up your signal:
Config > Input Mode: select whether the input mode is single or
simultaneous input and to enable or disable SyncVu.
Config > SDI Input: select how SDI inputs are displayed. The instrument
can automatically detect the input format, sample structure, and transport type
(or specify these manually). You can also choose to not display the EAV,
SAV, and ANC data; set chroma alignment; select HD colorimetry; and set
the dual link threshold.
Config > Composite Input: select the input type, set sync AFC speed to fast
or slow, set DC restore to off, slow, or fast, set NTSC setup on or off, and set
PAL vector to normal or +V (requires Option CPS).
Input 1A/1B and Input 2A/2B: select to view the complete signal or selected
streams of a 2xHD 3 Gb/s SDI signal. Input selections that appear depend on
installed options and display settings. Possible menu options include Input
1A, 1A.1, 1A.2, 1A.1+2, 1B, 1B.1, 1B.2, and 1B.1+2
If you have two separate signals connected to two different inputs on the
rear panel of the instrument, you can control which channel is displayed by
pressing the associated input button on the front panel of the instrument.
When the input button is lit, the channel is displayed. When the button is not
lit, that channel will not be displayed.
SDI Signals
Connect one or more 3G-SDI, HD-SDI, or SD-SDI signals to the SDI inputs
on the rear panel of the instrument. After that is finished, use the front panel
buttons to set the parameters for monitoring the signals, such as thresholds, alarms
monitored, and audio source. (See Figure 9.) (See Figure 10.) (See Figure 11.)
NOTE. You can connect up to four SDI signals to an instrument with Option 2SDI.
This option allows you to add a second SDI module into Slot 2 of the instrument
rear panel.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
23
Signal Inputs
Figure 9: Single SDI signal connection
Figure 10: Two SDI signal connection
24
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Signal Inputs
Figure 11: Four SDI signal connection for instruments with Option 2SDI
Composite Signals
Connect a composite signal to one of the CMPST inputs on the rear panel of the
instrument. You must terminate the loop-through for this input. After that is
finished, use the front panel buttons to set the parameters for monitoring that
signal.
The composite inputs are passive and require external termination.
If this instrument is installed to monitor an operating link, the destination receiver
and the connecting cable serve as the termination. This monitoring connection
checks the performance of the entire path. The return loss of the instrument is
sufficiently high that, in most cases, the destination receiver sets the system return
loss.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
25
Signal Inputs
In cases where this instrument is placed at the end of a link, a BNC termination
must be installed on one side of the loop-through composite connector. The
termination must be 75 Ω and DC coupled.
Figure 12: Composite signal connection
Dual Link Signals
The inputs for dual link signals are the same as for SDI signals. Dual Link
monitoring allows you to set up your instrument to monitor higher resolution
signals than can be monitored using the traditional single link input. Dual link
signals are combined in the instrument and then shown as a single signal on a
waveform or other display. (See Figure 13.)
Figure 13: Dual Link signal connection
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Signal Inputs
When you set input formats, sample structure, and transport type to Auto in the
CONFIG > SDI Input menu, your instrument automatically configures for
Dual Link signals if SMPTE352M (VPID) is present. If SMPTE352M (VPID)
is not present, you must manually set up sample structure and transport. View
the Video Session Display (STATUS>Display Type>Video Session) to verify
proper configuration.
Your instrument automatically detects the format on signals with SMPTE352M
(VPID) while operating on Dual Link signals. You can then view combined Link
A, Link B, and Alpha Channel information, which can help with the identification
of correct content. Alpha Channel information is visible, if present. The following
illustration is an example of how the signal components would appear. (See
Figure 14.)
Figure 14: Dual Link information placement in waveform display
Multi-Input Display Mode
The Multi-Input display mode supports the simultaneous display of up to four
SDI inputs of the same format. You can choose to view a specific stream of a
multi-stream signal (such as a 2xHD Level B 3 Gb/s signal) or both streams
together. This mode is only available for use in the WFM, GAMUT, and
VECTOR displays.
To Turn On the Multi-Input
Display
Enabling the Multi-Input display mode is a two step process. The Multi-Input
menu option is only available in the WFM, GAMUT, and VECTOR pop-up
menus when the feature is enabled from the MAIN button menu. To enable this
feature:
1. Press and hold the MAIN button.
2. Navigate to Multi-Input Mode.
3. Press the SEL button to highlight Enable.
4. Press the MAIN button to dismiss the menu.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
27
Signal Inputs
The Multi-Input display mode is now enabled. The next step is to turn on the
feature in a given trace by doing the following:
1. Press and hold the WFM, VECTOR, or GAMUT button to get a display in a
tile and to view the pop-up menu for that display.
2. From the pop-up menu, select On for Multi-Input.
3. Press the FULL button to activate the full screen view of that display.
The Multi-Input display mode will now be active.
NOTE. The Multi-Input display may be selected for each tile individually, but it
will only be active when the tile is displayed full screen.
You can configure another tile without multi-input mode so that you can switch
quickly between Multi-Input and normal input modes by switching tiles. In
four-tile display mode, all tiles will display the currently selected input.
To Select Inputs to View
If you have two separate signals connected to two different inputs on the rear
panel of the instruments, you can control which channel is displayed by pressing
the associated Input button on the front panel of the instrument. When the input
button is lit, the channel is displayed. When the button is not lit, that channel
will not be displayed.
Selecting an input to be displayed does not change the inputs being monitored. For
example, if you have two SDI signals connected, one to input 1A and the other to
input 1B, pressing the 1B button so that it is not lit will eliminate the channel from
a trace display, but not stop the channel from being monitored for status or alarms.
To Select Streams to View
You can select to view one or both streams simultaneously of a 2xHD Level B 3
Gb/s SDI signal from an input button pop-up menu. When you press and hold an
input button, the pop-up menu that appears allows you to select to view stream 1,
stream 2, or both streams of that signal.
The following Input 1A button pop-up menu options appear when a trace display
is set to Multi-Input display mode in full screen. If your instrument is equipped
with option 2SDI, pressing the 1B, 2A, or 2B input buttons will give you the same
menu options as follows, but with different labels.
NOTE. You can customize the input labels. (See page 29, To Customize Input
Labels.)
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Signal Inputs
Input 1A: shows the entire stream when a signal stream signal is used or both
streams overlayed when a 2xHD Level B 3 Gb/s signal is used.
Input 1A.1: shows only the first stream of the two streams of a 2xHD Level
B 3 Gb/s signal in the input in the trace display.
Input 1A.2: shows only the second stream of the two streams of a 2xHD
Level B 3 Gb/s signal in the input in the trace display.
Input 1A.1+2: shows both of the two streams of a 2xHD Level B 3 Gb/s
signal individually. Each trace is labeled in the display as either Input 1A.1
or Input 1A.2 (or a label you have customized) and shows both streams
individually in the trace display.
NOTE. When Multi-Input mode is disabled, only the first three options in the
previous list appear in the input button pop-up menu.
You may select up to eight channels of video from 2xHD video sources, but only
the first four are displayed in Multi-Input mode. 2xHD video formats may be used
for 3D video content in which the left eye view is typically carried in channel 1
and the right eye in channel 2. The 2xHD formats are defined by SMPTE 425
as an option for 3 Gb/s Level B SDI video. 2xHD formats are available in 720p,
1080i, and 1080p (23.98 - 30 fps).
Figure 15: Waveform display in Multi-Input mode showing multiple channels
To Customize Input Labels
You can name the input labels from the CONFIG > Graticules and Readouts
> Input Labels menu. Once you are in the Input Labels menu, select an input
and then press the SEL button. A dialog box will appear allowing you to name
the input.
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Signal Inputs
Simultaneous Input Monitoring
Your instrument can monitor two separate signals simultaneously. In this mode,
the instrument display is divided into two sides, each with two tiles per input.
This allows you to conveniently view measurement and status displays from
two signals at the same time. You can monitor the following combinations:
SDI + SDI, SDI + CMPST.
Connect signals for simultaneous monitoring the same way you would for
connecting two SDI signals or one SDI and one Composite signal. (See Figure 10
on page 24.)
SyncVu™
The SyncVu™ feature works with the simultaneous input monitoring (SIM) mode
and allows you to configure the settings for two inputs at the same time. To set the
instrument to SyncVu™ mode once you are in SIM mode, do the following:
1. Press the MAIN button.
2. Select SyncVu.
3. Select Enable.
How to Change Settings
Using SyncVu
This instrument can display four tiles. When you are viewing two inputs
simultaneously in SIM mode, the tiles on the left side of the display show the first
input. The tiles on the right side of the display show the second input. The display
type in tile 1 for the first input is the same display type shown for the second input
in tile 2: Top left to top right and bottom left to bottom right. SyncVu™ allows
you to change the settings for the two related tiles at the same time.
For example, if you have a waveform display in tile 1 of input 1A, then tile 2 is
the waveform display for the second input. When you adjust the settings for the
waveform displayed in tile 1, the settings for the waveform displayed in tile 2 are
adjusted simultaneously. Similarly, adjusting settings for tile 2 are applied to tile 1.
Reference Loop
Reference signals can be Black Burst or Tri-level sync. After you connect the
appropriate reference signal, press the EXT REF button the on the front panel
of the instrument. You can also choose which format to lock to by pressing the
CONFIG button and selecting External Ref. The default setting is Auto.
The reference input is passive and requires external termination. If you install
this instrument to monitor an operating link, the destination receiver and the
connecting cable serve as the termination. This monitoring connection checks the
performance of the entire path. The return loss of the instrument is sufficiently
high that, in most cases, the destination receiver sets the system return loss.
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Signal Inputs
In cases where this instrument is placed at the end of a link, you must install a
BNC termination on one side of the loop-through external reference connector.
The termination must be 75 Ω and DC coupled. (See Figure 16.)
Figure 16: External reference signal connection
Signal Generation
If this instrument has Option GEN installed, it can generate SD-SDI and HD-SDI
signals. With Option 3G installed, it can also generate a 3 Gb/s test signal. (See
Figure 17.)
Three types of signals can be generated in Level A and Level B:
75% bars
100% bars
Pathological
For more information about these signals, see the appropriate SMPTE standard.
Figure 17: Signal generation connection
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Signal Inputs
After you have connected the signals, press the CONFIG button on the front panel
of the instrument and navigate to the Outputs submenu. From this submenu,
select the test signal pattern, level, and format you want to generate.
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Display Information
Display Information
This instrument can support the following displays:
NOTE. Some displays require a specific option to be installed. For example, the
Eye display is not accessible unless you have Option PHY3. (See Table 5 on
page 7.)
Waveform: YPbPr, YRGB, RGB, SDI → Composite or XYZ
Vector: Normal, SDI → Composite, Lightning, Luma Qualified Vector (On
or Off)
Gamut: Arrowhead, Spearhead, Diamond, Split Diamond
Measure: Timing, Datalist, Bowtie, ANC Data, AV Delay
Eye: Eye, Jitter
Status: Error Log, Alarm Status, Video Session, Audio Session, Audio
Loudness Session, Audio Control, AES Channel Status, Auxiliary Data
Status, SDI Status
Audio: Phase, Surround
Picture
To Select a Display
Push a front panel button corresponding to the display that you want to view
and the selected display will appear.
WFM: display of video waveform
VECTOR: display of vector and lightning plots of color signals
PICT: display of the picture generated by the video signal
AUDIO: display of levels (meters), phase (plot), and surround sound for
monitoring audio signals
GAMUT: display of one of four views for checking the gamut of an SDI
signal
STATUS: display of extensive views of signal status
MEAS: display of various measurements, including timing, audio video
delay, ANC data, and Data List.
EYE: display of the eye pattern and jitter of a signal
OTHER: display of the Longitudinal Time Code (LTC)
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Display Information
Pop-up Menus
To Set Display Parameters
All pop-up menus are displayed by pressing and holding the specified display
button for three seconds. To hide a pop-up menu, press the specified button again.
Pop-up menus appear in the active tile and, in general, control only settings
specific that tile. A pop-up menu will not appear if it is not appropriate for the
current instrument setting (for example, trying to display the Gamut menu when
viewing a composite input signal).
Use the pop-up menus to set up the measurements that you display.
1. Select a tile by pressing one of the numbered DISPLAY SELECT buttons.
Figure 18: Using the Display Select buttons
2. Press and hold the chosen display button and the display and the pop-up menu
for that display appears.
NOTE. The selections in a pop-up menu can change depending on settings.
3. Use the right and left keys to traverse between menu panels. The instrument
surrounds the panel selected with a blue border. (See Figure 19.)
4. Use the up and down arrow keys to select parameters in a menu. (See
Figure 19.)
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Display Information
Figure 19: Navigate menus using the arrow keys and select button
5. Navigate through the menu and make your selections.
Waveform Display
The WFM button displays the Waveform display, which is the voltage versus time
display of a signal. You can view the input signal in line or field sweep and choose
which SDI signal elements are displayed (RGB, YRGB, or YPbPr). Filters can
also be applied to the signal. This instrument will allow you to display the signal
from an SDI input as if it were a composite signal and control (from the CONFIG
menu) whether EAV, SAV, and ANC data is included in the display.
Elements of the Waveform
Display
1. This readout is blank when vertical gain is X1; otherwise, this indicates that V
Gain is X5 or variable.
2. This readout lists the currently displayed waveform color-space. Dashes (–)
indicate components not displayed.
3. This readout lists the currently selected field and line (when in Line Select
mode).
4. This readout lists the current sweep rate for tile.
5. This readout lists the Mag rate if MAG is on.
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Display Information
Waveform Pop-up menu
and settings
The Waveform pop-up menu enables you to choose the display style and display
mode used in the active tile (SDI inputs only), select a filter to apply to the input
signal, to turn on the Multi-Input display mode, and to center the waveform in the
display.
To choose a display mode, select from the following the choices (only available
while displaying SDI inputs) in the menu:
YPbPr - Displays the input as Luma (Y) and color difference (Pb, Pr)
components.
YRGB - Displays the input as Luma (Y), Red (R), Green (G), and Blue (B)
components.
RGB - Displays the input as Red (R), Green (G), and Blue (B) components.
SDI > Composite - Displays the SDI input as if it is encoded into composite.
The sync and burst in this mode are synthetic and convey no information
about signal quality.
When viewing 525-line SDI input as a composite waveform while using line select
mode, both burst phases may appear when you would expect to see only one. This
is because the line selection in SDI Mode is an odd/even selection, and composite
signals are normally viewed with a one-of-four or one-of-eight line selection.
To choose how the signal components are displayed in the active tile, use the
Display Style menu setting (SDI inputs only) to select:
Parade style - has all the components shown one beside the other.
Overlay style - has all the components drawn at the same location so that
they appear one on top of the other.
The Waveform pop-up menu Filter selection allows you to select filters to be
applied to the video. This is useful for isolating a specific characteristic of the
input. For example, to measure amplitude, you may want to use a Luma or Low
pass filter to remove the high frequency components.
To choose a filter select one of the following filters from the Waveform menu:
Flat - Display with the full available bandwidth.
Luma or Low Pass - Display only the low-frequency part of the signal.
Chroma - Display only the part of the signal with frequencies near the color
sub-carrier. For Composite inputs only.
Flat + Luma - A combination of a Flat and a Luma waveform from a
Composite input; it shows two waveforms in parade configuration.
NOTE. For SDI displays, such as RGB mode, the available filters are Flat and
Low Pass. For Composite displays, the available filters are Flat, Luma, Chroma,
and Flat+Luma.
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Display Information
To turn on the Multi-Input display mode, select Multi-Input Display and press
SEL. Next, press the FULL button to view the waveform in Multi-Input mode.
NOTE. The Multi-Input menu option is only available in the WFM pop-up menu
when the feature is enabled from the MAIN button or CONFIG button menu. (See
page 27, Multi-Input Display Mode.)
To cancel any horizontal or vertical position adjustments and restore the trace to
the default position, select Center Waveform and press SEL. For a tile in WFM
mode, this puts the baseline at the zero graticule.
Vector Display
The VECT button calls up the Vector and Lightning displays, which provide for
selection between two plots of the color portions of the signal. (See Figure 20.)
(See Figure 21.)
Figure 20: Vector display with Luma Qualified Vector (LQV) enabled
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Display Information
Figure 21: Lightning display
Elements of the Vector
Display
The following elements appear on the display. Some elements may only appear
on one display type.
V Gain. Press and hold the GAIN button to select V Gain settings. Then
select the gain to 1X, 2X, 5X, 10X, or Variable. (Variable enables you to
adjust the vertical gain using the GENERAL knob.)
H Gain. Press and hold the MAG button to select H Gain Settings. Then
select the horizontal gain to 2X, 5X, 10X, or Variable. (Variable enables you
to adjust the horizontal gain using the GENERAL knob.)
Display Type. The selected display, either Lightning or Vector.
Bar Target Setting. The bar target setting, either 75% or 100%.
LQV Enabled. Luma qualified vector is enabled and luma high (High) and
luma low (Low) values are displayed. (Requires Option PROD.)
Vector Pop-up Menu
The Vector pop-up menu enables you to specify the display type and display mode
(SDI inputs only), to set the bar targets, to turn on the Multi-Input display mode,
and to center the waveform in the display.
If you have Option PROD installed, you can also select to turn Luma Qualified
Vector On or Off. When it is on, you can set luma high and luma low parameters
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Display Information
To choose the display type (SDI inputs only), use the pop-up menu to choose:
Vector – The Vector display shows a plot of the R-Y signal on the vertical axis
and the B-Y signal on the horizontal axis. This display is useful for looking at
hue and amplitude of the colors, but does not show luminance information.
Luma Qualified Vector – The Luma Qualified Vector display (available with
Option PROD) is a vector display that is gated by a specified luminance range.
Each vector tile may have a different luminance range specified.
Lightning – The Lightning display shows the same color signals as in the
Vector mode, but they are plotted against luminance. One color difference
signal is plotted in the top half and the other in the bottom. Lightning is useful
for checking chroma and luma gain, and for checking chroma to luma delay
using the timing marks that show errors in the green to magenta transition
on a color bar signal. This is a Tektronix proprietary display and is for SDI
signals only.
To select which scaling should be used in the active tile for either the Vector or
Lighting display, use the menu to select 75% or 100% scaling.
To turn on the Multi-Input display mode, select Multi-Input Display and press
SEL. Next, press the FULL button to view the display in Multi-Input mode.
NOTE. The Multi-Input menu option is only available in the VECTOR pop-up
menu when the feature is enabled from the MAIN button or CONFIG button menu.
(See page 27, Multi-Input Display Mode.)
To cancel any horizontal or vertical position adjustments and restore the trace to
the default position, use the up/down arrow keys to select Center Waveform
in the menu.
For a Lightning display, press SEL to center the waveform. The trace is set
back to the center of the tile.
For a Vector display, press the right-arrow key to select the color you want
to locate at the center of the display.
For additional vector graticule options, see the Configuration > Graticules
menu and select I/Q axis or Compass Rose.
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Display Information
Gamut Display
Pressing the GAMUT button calls one of the Gamut displays. The Gamut display
provides four proprietary Tektronix display types to enable you to check the
gamut of an SDI signal. Set the thresholds for gamut displays from the CONFIG
menu. The available Gamut displays are:
Arrowhead: provides NTSC and PAL composite gamut information directly
from the SDI signal
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Display Information
Spearhead: shows lightness, color value, and saturation of the RGB color
space (requires Option PROD)
Diamond: provides a reliable method of detecting invalid colors
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Display Information
Split Diamond: provides a reliable method of detecting invalid colors
Elements of the Gamut
Display
High threshold: Shows the currently specified high threshold (Diamond
High or Arrowhead Max).
Low threshold: Shows the currently specified low threshold (Diamond Low).
Gamut display type: Shows the selected Gamut display type - Diamond,
Split Diamond, Spearhead, or Arrowhead.
Threshold indicators: Indicates the threshold settings using blue dashed
lines.
Luma Minimum: Shows the currently specified minimum luma threshold
(in the Arrowhead display).
Luma Maximum: Shows the currently specified maximum luma threshold
(in the Arrowhead display).
GAMUT Pop-up Menu
The GAMUT pop-up menu allows you to select the type of gamut display shown
in the active tile and to turn on Multi-Input display mode. To change the display
type in the GAMUT display, use the pop-up menu to select from the following
displays:
Diamond shows Gamut violations of the SDI input if translated to RGB
color space.
Split Diamond offsets the two halves of the Diamond to allow you to better
see negative RGB Gamut errors.
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Display Information
Arrowhead shows Gamut violations of the SDI input if translated to the
Composite domain.
Spearhead shows lightness, color value, and saturation of the RGB color
space of all video signals, including dual link signals.
To turn on the Multi-Input display mode, select Multi-Input Display and press
SEL. Next, press the FULL button to view the display in Multi-Input mode.
NOTE. The Multi-Input menu option is only available in the GAMUT pop-up
menu when the feature is enabled from the MAIN button or CONFIG button menu.
(See page 27, Multi-Input Display Mode.)
Timing Display
Pressing the MEAS button displays a Tektronix proprietary display that simplifies
measuring the timing difference between two signals as the timing is corrected.
Using the Timing display enables you to easily compare and correct the timing
between two signals. (See Figure 22.)
Figure 22: Timing display
Elements of the Timing
Display
Input Signal Indicator: A single circle representing timing of input signal
relative to the reference. 1
Reference Indicator: A cross-hair indictor centered in the display represents
the reference signal.
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Display Information
Vertical Offset: The timing difference between the reference and input signal.
Horizontal Offset: The timing difference between the reference and input
signal.
Relative to: Indicates the chosen zero point for the timing display. 2
Link B to Link A: Indicates the timing relationship between links of a Dual
Link signal.
Measure Pop-up Menu
1
More complex timing relationships display multiple circles. See Timing Displays for Simple Versus Complex
Timing. (See page 45.)
2
Rear Panel is the default setting, where offset is shown as zero when the input and reference are at the same
timing at the rear panel of the instrument. If you select Saved Offset, you can save the timing from one signal, and
then display the timing relative to that saved offset.
The Measure pop-up menu enables you to save a timing setting for comparison
with another signal and specify the zero point of the timing display.
To save the timing of the current input as an offset to the timing display, use the
Save Offset menu entry. The current timing becomes the zero point for the saved
offset mode of the timing display. This applies to both the cross-hair target in the
middle of the display and the numeric readouts.
NOTE. You cannot save the timing offset if either the input or reference is missing
or unlocked. You also cannot save a reference when in internal mode. Saving an
offset in these conditions would lead to misleading results so it is not allowed
by the instrument. A warning message appears on the screen if you attempt to
save the offset when it is not allowed.
Save Offset allows you to measure the timing between inputs or to match multiple
signals. To select the definition for the zero timing offset, use the Relative To:
menu entry to select one of the following:
Rear Panel, which means the timing offset is shown as zero when the two
signals are timed down at the rear of the instrument.
Saved Offset, which means that the timing is shown as zero offset when the
input signal matches the timing of the signal that was present when the offset
was saved using the Save Offset menu entry.
This selection changes both the numeric readouts and the target in the middle
of the timing display.
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Display Information
Timing Displays for Simple
Versus Complex Timing
The number of circles, with each representing a time offset, varies with the
complexity of the timing between the reference and input signals.
Integer multiples of reference rates. If you are timing input signals with rates that
are integer multiples of the reference rates, the instrument can measure the timing
deterministically and displays the relationship as one circle (offset) relative to
the cross-hair. (See Figure 23.)
Figure 23: Timing display of integer multiples of reference rates
Such cases include timing an NTSC input (multiplier of 1) or a 525 SDI input
whose frame time is 33.36 ms (multiplier of 2), against an NTSC reference, which
has a frame time of 66.73 ms.
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Display Information
Non-integer multiples of reference rates. If you time input rates that are not
integer multiples of the reference rates, the instrument cannot measure the
timing deterministically, so it displays the relationships as several circles. Each
circle represents a possible timing offset measurement relative to the reference
cross-hair. Display emphasis is given to the circle that times closest to zero offset
and the numerical readouts track this pair. (See Figure 24.)
Figure 24: Timing display of non-integer multiples of reference rates
Non-deterministic cases include timing of slow rate inputs against fast frame-rate
references or when timing video against film rates.
Multiple relationships. For a case where multiple relationships would display,
consider an input of 1080p/23.98 Hz with a reference of NTSC/59.94 Hz:
The different rates result in timing relationships between the signals that
repeat once for every four fields of the input and five frames of the reference.
Because this allows for five possible ways to measure timing between these
two signals, the timing display shows four circles, with emphasis and readouts
as previously described above.
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Display Information
Datalist Display
The Datalist Display is accessed from the MEAS button. This display allows you
to see SD, HD, or 3 Gb/s data without any interpolation.
The Datalist tool examines the contents of all digital formats, structures, and
transports (SD, HD, dual-link, 3 Gb/s, 4:2:2, 4:4:4, etc.). Datalist works for all
signals except composite signals (analog NTSC and analog PAL). From the
display screen, you can select and isolate specific lines and words from the video
or data stream. (See Figure 25.)
Figure 25: Datalist display
Elements of the Datalist
Display
Use the navigation text on the bottom of the display screen to select line and
sample items using the arrow keys and the General knob.
Line Select: Shows which line is selected; press the SEL button to switch
between Line Select and Word Select
Word Select: Shows which word is selected; press the SEL button to switch
between Line Select and Word Select
Samp#: Shows the sample number
Y0, Cb, Cr, Y1: These labels change based on the signal, but they show
the line number for each component
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Display Information
Datalist Color Coding
Different fields of the data stream are shown in different colors:
Green: Active video data
Blue: Data in horizontal or vertical blanking intervals
White: EAV and SAV packets; other reserved values such as the XYZ word
Yellow: Data outside the nominal allowed values
Red: Data with illegal values
Quickly Finding SAV and
EAV in the Active Video
Stream
From anywhere in the video stream, pressing the CURSOR button once will take
you immediately to the EAV of that line. Press it again to jump to the SAV of
the same line. This is also an easy way to move quickly to the beginning of the
ANC data, which is right after the EAV.
Datalist Display Pop-up
Menu
Trace Type: Select from Video or Data. If you select Video, you can then
select to turn on or off individual components (traces) of the display. (Default
is Video.)
Video mode shows the data similar to the video YPbPr display in
waveform mode, but without interpolation. The Y, Cb, and Cr traces are
offset vertically to separate them, but are aligned temporally.
Data mode using a SD signal shows the data in the same sequence as it
occurs in the serial domain. You see a sample of Y, then of Cb, then of Y'
(Y prime), and then of Cr. Then the sequence repeats. The Y sample is the
co-sited sample and the Y' sample is the isolated luma sample.
Data mode using an HD signal splits the serial input into a Y channel
and a multiplexed Cb/Cr channel. The intent is to show the data in the
same block structure as it occurs in the serial domain, even though it is
displayed as 8 or 10-bit values.
Format: Select from Hexidecimal, Decimal, or Binary. (Default is
Hexidecimal.)
Link Selection: Select from Link A, Link B, or Dual Link. This menu item is
only available when the trace type is Data.
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Display Information
Bowtie Display
The Bowtie Display is accessed from the MEAS button. This display allows
you to look at inter-channel timing between Y Pb and Y Pr. The left side of
the display compares Y and Pb; the right side compares Y and Pr. The Bowtie
Display requires a test signal with signals of slightly differing frequencies on the
chroma channels than on the luma channel.
If the bowtie patterns have a sharp null, and the null is at the center of each
line, the relative amplitudes and inter channel timing are correct. Interchannel
timing errors will move the position of the null. A relative amplitude error will
decrease the depth of the null. An incomplete null combined with an offset from
center indicates both amplitude and timing problems between the channels being
compared. (See Figure 26.)
Figure 26: Bowtie display
Elements of the Bowtie
Display
Display: Shows the display type as Bowtie.
Y-axis units: The units for the y-axis depend on the test signal and the signal
format.
X-axis units: Shows the x-axis in microseconds/divisions.
Bowtie Display Pop-up
Menu
Parade / Overlay: Select how the waveform appears by selecting Parade
or Overlay.
Center Waveform: Press the SEL button to center the waveform.
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Display Information
LTC Display
The Longitudinal Time Code (LTC) Display is accessed from the OTHER button.
LTC is monitored in a frame rate display to allow observation of amplitude,
synchronization and phase with respect to reference vertical interval time code
(VITC). (See Figure 27.)
The input of LTC is through the REMOTE connector on the rear panel of the
instrument. The REMOTE connector is a 15-pin D-type connector with socket
contacts. For pin information, see the Safety and Installation manual or the System
Integration manual on the Product Documentation CD that shipped with your
instrument and the Web at www.tektronix.com/manuals.
Figure 27: LTC display
Elements of the LTC
Display
Display: Shows the display type as LTC.
Y-axis units: Shows the y-axis units in volts/divisions.
X-axis units: Shows the x-axis in milliseconds/divisions.
LTC Display Pop-up Menu
50
The OTHER pop-up menu allows you to set parameters for the LTC display.
Select Center Waveform and press the SEL button to center the waveform.
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Display Information
Ancillary (ANC) Data Display
The ANC Data Display allows you to more closely examine all of the ANC data
in a signal. The ANC Data Inspector is part of the ANC Data Display. This
ancillary monitoring feature allows you to see all ancillary data present in a signal.
The instrument continually monitors the signal and tells you when changes in
the presence of data occur. When Watch List mode is activated, the instrument
displays the presence and status of ANC data types you have selected in the Watch
List. This allows you to focus on the ANC data types that are important to you.
The Detail area (lower part of the display) is displayed only when if Full tile
mode. The Detail area can be expanded to show more data by pressing the MAG
button. (See Figure 28.)
Figure 28: ANC Data display
Elements of the ANC Data
Display
The following information is available on the ANC Data Display when in full
screen mode:
DID: Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values range from 1
to 0xFF (255) inclusive
Type: Type of the ANC Data packet; either Type 1 packet (DID greater than or
equal to 0x80), or Type 2 packet (DID less than 0x80), as defined by SMPTE
291M; Type 1 packets do not have a SDID field, instead they have a DBN
field; the "actual value" (with parity bits added) is displayed in parentheses
SDID: Secondary Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values
range from 0 through 0xFF (255) inclusive; this field only appears when
a Type 2 packet is selected; the "actual value" (with parity bits added) is
displayed in parentheses (mutually exclusive with DBN field)
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Display Information
DBN: Data Block Number of the acquired packet; values range from 0 to
0xFF; the "actual value" (with parity bits added) is displayed in parenthesis
(mutually exclusive with SDID field)
DC: Data Count word of the acquired packet; the number of User Data words
is displayed in decimal; the "actual value" (with parity bits added) is displayed
in parenthesis, in hexadecimal
Field: The field of the video from which the packet was acquired; for
progressive formats, 1 is displayed
Line: The line of the video (within the field) from which the packet was
acquired
Stream: For HD (SMPTE 292M), indicates whether the ancillary packet was
acquired from the Y or C data streams; for SD, "N/A" is displayed
Status: Indicates whether packet(s) of the desired type are present in the
video; also indicates Checksum or CRC errors
Checksum: Indicates the checksum word that was recovered from the
acquired packet
Should be: Indicates the checksum work computed by the instrument, based
on data of the packet
Format: Indicates the name of the ancillary data type or standard
User Data Words: Contains the payload of the ancillary packet, displayed in
hexadecimal; all 10 bits are displayed
Configuring the Watch List
The Watch List allows you to limit the data types viewed in the ANC Data
Display to only those you specify. To configure this Watch List, perform the
following steps.
1. Press the CONFIG button and select ANC Data Display.
2. Select Config Watch List from the menu.
3. Press the SEL button and a table of data types appears.
4. Check the boxes next to the data types you want to view in the ANC Data
Inspector. Use the SELECT ALL and CLEAR ALL boxes to quickly select
or clear all data types.
5. When you are finished selecting the data types, navigate to the Return box
and press the SEL button.
6. Press the CONFIG button to dismiss the menu.
7. Press and hold the MEAS button and select Display Type and then ANC
Data Display from the pop-up menu.
You can now view the data types you checked in the Watch List.
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Display Information
Audio Video Delay (AVD) Display
When Option AVD is installed on this instrument, you can view the Audio/Video
Delay (AVD) Display by pressing the MEAS button and selecting AV Delay as
the display type. AVD measures the duration that a video system advances or
delays the audio signal relative to its correct temporal position in the test signal
of the lissajous channel pairs.
AVD allows you to take measurements and display them in both numeric and
graphical formats. AVD measurements require an appropriate AVD sequence
signal source, such as from a Tektronix TG700 signal generator. This capability
is useful for facility maintenance and setup applications because it allows for
out-of-service testing to quickly check synchronization across a facility. AVD
supports digital and composite inputs, and the following audio inputs: embedded,
AES, and analog. (See Figure 29.)
Figure 29: AV Delay display
Elements of the
Audio/Video Delay Display
AV Delay bar: Shows the timing relative to audio
Measured AV Delay: Shows the timing difference measurement
Manual Offset: Shows the manual offset value
Adjusted AV Delay: Shows the adjusted timing difference
Audio/Video Display
Pop-up Menu
AV Delay Enable: Choose from On or Off
Clear Offset: Press the SEL button to clear the offset
Save Offset: Press the SEL button to save the offset
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Eye Display
The Eye Display is accessible from the EYE button on the front panel of your
instrument if it has Option PHY3. This display presents an eye pattern diagram of
the SDI input, which lets you verify electrical characteristics of the SDI transport
layer. Measure analog characteristics of the SDI input on the eye pattern using the
graticule or voltage and time cursors.
Configure your instrument to show multiple Eye displays, each of which is
controlled by one of two jitter engines: The Jitter1 engine controls Eye displays in
the top two tiles and the Jitter2 engine controls Eye displays in the bottom two
tiles. The two jitter engines allow you to set different filter bandwidths in the
upper and lower tiles allowing you to monitor both timing and alignment jitter
at the same time.
A jitter thermometer in the Eye display graphically relates the jitter measurement
to alarm limits, and readouts display jitter magnitude. When displaying the Eye
waveform in a single, full-screen tile, the measurement results and a histogram
display are included with the Eye waveform. (See Figure 31.)
NOTE. See Monitoring the SDI Physical Layer for information about taking Eye
measurements. (See page 101.)
Figure 30: Eye display in 4-tile mode (no histogram)
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Figure 31: Eye display in single tile mode (full-screen) with histogram
Elements of the Eye
Display
Link: Shows from which link the signal is originating
Eye Pattern: Displays a waveform you can use for SDI transport verification
and analysis.
Jitter Thermometer: Displays jitter value and relates it to alarm limits.
Equalized Eye Indicator: If enabled in the CONFIG menu, the Eye pattern
is equalized, reducing the jitter noise floor. Amplitude Cursor measurements
do not indicate the actual signal amplitude.
Cursor Readouts: Provide for direct measurements of amplitude and time
on the Eye.
Eye Pattern Type: Either 3 Eye, or 10 Eye (SD)/20 Eye (HD). The latter
types can help reveal when jitter at the parallel word rate is present.
Jitter HPF: Indicates the setting for the Jitter High Pass Filter, set in the
CONFIG menu.
Eye Display Pop-up Menu
The Eye pop-up menu allows you to choose from two display types: Eye and
Jitter. It allows you to do the following:
Jitter1 HP Filter: Select the HP filter to be Timing, Align, 10 Hz, 100 Hz,
1 kHz, 10 kHz, or 100 kHz.
Center Waveform: Press the SEL button to center the waveform.
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Jitter Meter: Select to not display the jitter meter or readout (Off), Meter
Only, Readout Only, Meter and Readout.
Enable Measure: Press the SEL button to enable eye measurement.
Display Type: Select from Eye or Jitter display.
Usage Notes
At the end of a long cable, the eye diagram may appear so noisy that there is little
or no discernible opening. In this situation, limited use of the eye diagram is
still possible by selecting Equalized Eye mode. The equalizer compensates for
the effects of cable length by applying an inverse response function and then
reslicing the signal to a logic level. This causes amplitude information to be lost,
but preserves the effects of jitter in the signal.
If the equalized eye display appears clear with a substantial eye opening, then the
signal is likely to be recovered error-free. However, if it appears noisy with little
eye opening, then there is more potential for data errors to occur in the receiver.
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Jitter Display
The Jitter Display is accessible from the EYE button when you have Option
PHY3 installed. It can be used once you have configured the instrument for Eye
measurements. This display shows you the wave shape of the jitter and allows
you to view additional time-domain information, such as whether there are jitter
components that are synchronous or nearly synchronous to the video line or
frame. You can also set alarms on various parameters. (See page 109, To Make
Jitter Measurements.)
Figure 32: The Jitter display parameters as shown in a single tile when the
instrument is in 4-tile mode
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Figure 33: The Jitter display parameters as shown when the instrument is in
single-tile mode
Elements of the Jitter
Display
Jitter Waveshape: Displays the jitter wave shape (the image to the right
shows no jitter). This shape is modified by the high-pass filter (HPF) setting.
Jitter Thermometer: Displays jitter value and relates it to alarm limits.
Jitter HPF: Indicates the setting for the Jitter High Pass Filter, set in the
CONFIG menu.
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High-Pass Filter
The high-pass filter bandwidth setting allows you to show only jitter terms above
the selected filter frequency. When you select a filter setting, depending on the
active input signal, you select the jitter measurement type (Timing, Alignment, or
neither, as defined by the SMPTE standard).
To choose the Jitter high-pass filter, use the Measurement pop-up menu and
choose one of the following settings for the Jitter HP Filter entry:
Setting
Description
Timing
Sets the detector high-pass filter to 10 Hz. This is the correct value for
measuring timing jitter for both SD and HD signals.
Align
Sets the detector high-pass filter to 1 kHz, as specified by SMTPE, for SD
signals; and to 100 kHz for HD signals. These are the correct values for
measuring alignment jitter.
10 Hz, 100 Hz,
1 kHz, 10 kHz,
100 kHz
Sets the detector high-pass filter to the selected value.
NOTE. For instructions on how to take jitter measurements, see Monitoring the
SDI Physical Layer. (See page 101.)
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Status Displays
Pressing the STATUS button calls up the Status display, which provides several
views of signal status. Status displays are text displays that show signal status.
You can view current alarms and errors (those occurring now and within the last
few seconds), a history of errors and alarms (up to 10,000 entries), video error
statistics or audio error statistics. You can display a different Status display type
in all four tiles.
Error Log
View a log of errors and control the error logging settings. (See Figure 34.)
Figure 34: Error log
Elements of the Error Log display.
Across the top of the display screen, the following items are shown:
Log Status: Shows that the currently viewed log is active (Active Log) or
that logging has stopped (Active Log (Stopped)).
Filter: Shows the currently selected error filter. All means that all errors
from all inputs and channels are being shown. You can also select to view
errors by input or channel.
Date: Shows the date, according to the internal clock, that the error occurred.
The date is displayed as month/day/year.
Page: Shows which page you are viewing out of the total number of pages in
the log.
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The Error Log is also divided into the following four columns:
Source: Shows the inputs on which the errors have occurred.
Error Status: Shows the current state of the entry: White items are
informational and identify a change in instrument state; Green items are
errors that have cleared; Red items are triggered errors.
Timecode: Shows the time, according to VITC or LTC in the signal, that the
error occurred. In the case of ongoing errors, this shows the time the error
first occurred.
Time: Shows the time, according to the internal clock, that the error occurred.
Error Log pop-up menu.
Mute Alarms: Mutes alarms for all Status display types.
Logging Active: Turn alarm error logging On or Off.
Logging Reset: Press the SEL button to clear the log.
Input/Channel: Allows you to select to filter errors in the error log so that
you can view them by channel or input. When the instrument is in SIM
mode, you can select to view errors from only Channel 1 (the left channel) or
Channel 2 (the right channel).
Save to USB (ALL): Saves the entire unfiltered error log to a USB memory
device.
Save to USB (Sel.): Saves only the errors in the error log for the selected
channel or input to a USB memory device.
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Alarm Status
View current alarm status. (See Figure 35.)
Figure 35: Alarm Status display
Elements of the Alarm Status display.
Alarm: Shows alarms that occurred.
Status: Shows whether an error occurred but has cleared (green), whether an
error has appeared in the last 5 seconds but has cleared (yellow), or whether
an error is ongoing (red). Gray indicates the alarm is not being logged but
still provides information on the function.
Additional Information: Provides explanatory information about the error,
if available.
Alarm Status pop-up menu. Mute Alarms mutes alarms for all Status display
types.
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Video Session
The Video Session display contains several performance parameters that you can
view to get an overview of the video input signal. This instrument maintains a
running video status session. (See Figure 36.)
Figure 36: Video Session display of HD signal
SDI Elements of the Video Session Display. These elements are visible when SDI
1A or 1B is the selected signal.
Input: Shows the selected input source.
Signal: Indicates whether the instrument is locked to the selected input.
Effective: Shows, in order, the detected format, sample structure, and
transport of the input signal.
Selected: Shows, in order, the selected format, sample structure, and transport
of the instrument.
352M payload: Indicates the presence of a SMPTE 352M payload.
SAV Place Err: Indicates whether a Start-of-Active-Video Placement Error
has occurred.
Field Length Err: Indicates whether a Field Length Error has occurred.
Line Length Err: Indicates whether a Line Length Error has occurred.
Ancillary Data: Indicates whether Ancillary Data is present in the video
signal. The displayed values are either Present or None for SD signals, or Y
and C Present and None for HD and 3 Gb/s signals.
F1 AP CRC: For SD signals only, calculates and displays the active picture
CRC (Cyclical Redundancy Check) for field one in hexadecimal. The
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instrument uses the SMPTE RP165 standard for error checking. For HD and
3 Gb/s signals, the CRCs change on every video line.
F2 AP CRC: For SD signals only, calculates and displays the active picture
CRC (Cyclical Redundancy Check) for field two in hexadecimal. The
instrument uses the SMPTE RP165 standard for error checking. For HD and
3 Gb/s signals, the CRCs change on every video line.
Data Collect: Shows the state of error gathering. The possible states are:
Running: Indicates errors are being gathered and displayed on the status
page.
Stopped: Indicates errors are not being gathered. The status page is not
being updated.
Resetting: Appears briefly after the SEL button is pressed to reset the
statistics.
Runtime: The time since the last reset occurred. Time is displayed as "DD,
HH:MM:SS", where DD is the number of days, HH is the number of hours,
MM is the number of minutes, and SS is the number of seconds.
Stuck Bits: For SD signals only, displays which of the video bits are stuck. If
the readout is "—- —- –", then none of the bits are stuck.
Y Stuck Bits: For HD signals only, displays which of the luminance video
bits are stuck. If the readout is "—- —- LL", then none of the bits are stuck.
LL is displayed for the two unused bits.
C Stuck Bits: For HD signals only, displays which of the chrominance video
bits are stuck. If the readout is "—- —- LL", then none of the bits are stuck.
LL is displayed for the two unused bits.
EDH Error: For SD signals only, indicates that there is an error in the EDH
packet (checksum or parity) of the signal.
Statistics: This section of the display shows the status and statistical values
for certain errors. For information about the errors in this section, view the
help file in your instrument: while the Video Session is active in a tile, press
the HELP button.
Status: Show the status of the associated error as either OK, Invalid, Missing,
or Error.
Err Secs: The number of seconds, since the last reset, that contained at least
one error.
Err Fields: The number of fields, since the last reset, that contained at least
one error.
% Err Fields: Shows a calculated number showing the percentage of all
fields since the last reset that contained at least one error.
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Black Events: Shows when a black frame has occurred within the video
image. Settings configured in the CONFIG > Measurement Settings menu.
Frozen Events: Shows when a frozen frame has occurred within the video
image. Settings configured in the CONFIG > Measurement Settings menu.
Changed Since Reset: Indicates if either the F1 or F2 AP CRC values have
changed since the last reset.
Frozen: This readout only appears when you press the CAPTURE button.
It indicates that errors are being gathered, but are not being displayed on the
Status page. This state is useful for looking at EDH (Error Detection and
Handling) CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) values on live video.
CMPST Elements of the Video Session Display. These elements are visible when
Composite 2A or 2B is the selected signal.
Input: Shows the selected input source.
Format: Shows the format of the input signal; either PAL or NTSC.
Signal Lock: Indicates whether the signal is locked or unlocked.
Sync AFC Speed: Shows the Sync AFC Speed setting: Fast or Slow.
DC Restore: Shows the DC Restore setting: Fast, Slow, or Off.
NTSC Setup: Shows the NTSC Setup setting: Off or On.
Video Session pop-up menu.
NOTE. To reset, stop, or start an individual video or audio session, select the
tile in which it is displayed and use the SEL button, right arrow key, and left
arrow key, respectively. Remember that the STATUS pop-up menu must be closed;
otherwise, the button and key presses will navigate through that menu.
Mute Alarms: Mutes alarms for all Status display types.
All Sessions Reset: Globally resets any and all video sessions displayed in all
panes, regardless of the display and session from which it is executed.
All Sessions Start: Globally starts any and all stopped video sessions
displayed in all panes, regardless of the display and session from which it
is executed.
All Sessions Stop: Globally stops any and all stopped video sessions
displayed in all panes, regardless of the display and session from which it
is executed.
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Audio Session
The Audio Session display contains several performance parameters that you can
display to see an overview of the audio input signal. This instrument maintains a
running audio status session. (See Figure 38.)
Figure 37: Audio Session display
Elements of the Audio Session display.
Audio Input: Shows the selected input source.
Signal Loss: Indicates the level meter bars (1-8) that have triggered a signal
loss alarm. Dashes indicate no alarm was triggered.
Analog Output: Identifies which level meter bar pair is mapped to which
Analog Output.
AES B Output: Identifies which level meter bar pair is mapped to which
AES B Output, if enabled.
Data Collect: Indicates the status of error collection as Running or Stopped.
Channel: This row aligns the channel number with the status readouts that
appear below the row.
Clip: The number of CLIPs detected during the session. (Only displayed for
digital audio feeds.)
Over: The number of OVERs detected during the session. (Only displayed
for digital audio feeds.)
Loud: The number of times the Analog Audio or Digital Audio loudness
alarms have been trigger during the current session.
Mute: The number of MUTEs detected during the session.
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Silence: The number of SILENCEs detected during the session.
Peak (dBFS): The True Peak signal level measured on the channel.
High (dBFS): The highest signal level measured by the signal level meter.
The level meter response is based on the Ballistics setting. If ballistics is set
to True Peak, this readout is the same as the Peak readout.
Active Bits: The number of active bits in the channel. For SD Embedded
Audio the maximum is 20 bits.
Smpl Rate: The sample rate of the channel pair.
L (K)/(eq) (dBFS): The average loudness level for each channel. This can be
either a "long" (averaged over the entire session), or "short" (averaged over a
10-second rolling interval) average.
NOTE. When AUDIO > Loudness Filter & Measure > Linear is selected, Leq
(dBFS) is displayed; for A-weighted loudness, LAeq (dBFS) is displayed; for
LKFS ITU-R BS.1770-2 loudness, L(K) (dBFS) is displayed.
L (K)/(eq) (pair): The average loudness level for each pair of channels. This
can be either a "long" (averaged over the entire session), or "short" (averaged
over a 10-second rolling interval) average.
NOTE. When AUDIO > Loudness Filter & Measure > Linear is selected, Leq
(pair) is displayed; for A-weighted loudness, LAeq (pair) is displayed; for LKFS
ITU-R BS.1770-2 loudness, L(K) (pair) is displayed.
Program (number) Loudness: Represents the running average loudness for
selected channels from the current audio input. This value is derived over the
entire session, so the sample period is infinite. It is also known as the "long"
loudness average.
Average: (Requires Option DPE). If Dolby is present, represents the running
average loudness for selected channels from the current Dolby program. This
value is derived from a 10-second rolling average. It is also known as the
"short" loudness average, or "Dolby average loudness".
Short: Represents the running average loudness for selected channels for the
current audio input. This value is derived from a short period duration set by
the user. It is commonly referred to as the "short" loudness average.
Short Pd: The Short Period defines the duration of the short Loudness average
and is defined by the user within the Config menu for Loudness Settings.
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Chans: The Channels Summations shows the number of channels that are
currently summed together for the Loudness average.
Changed Since Last Reset: Either Yes or No. Indicates whether an error has
occurred since the last reset.
Audio Session pop-up menu.
NOTE. To reset, stop, or start an individual audio or video session, select the
tile in which it is displayed and use the SEL button, right arrow key, and left
arrow key, respectively. Remember that the STATUS pop-up menu must be closed;
otherwise, the button and key presses will navigate through that menu.
Mute Alarms: Mutes alarms for all Status display types.
Loudness Avg: Allows you to choose the duration over which the loudness
count is averaged: Long is calculated on the interval of time since the last
session reset; Short is calculated on the most recent 10 second interval.
All Sessions Reset: Globally resets any and all audio sessions displayed in all
panes, regardless of the display and session from which it is executed.
All Sessions Start: Globally starts any and all stopped audio sessions
displayed in all panes, regardless of the display and session from which it
is executed.
All Sessions Stop: Globally stops any and all stopped audio sessions
displayed in all panes, regardless of the display and session from which it
is executed.
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Audio Loudness Session
The Audio Loudness Session display allows you to view an audio loudness
chart and values associated with audio loudness measurements. This instrument
maintains a running audio loudness session. (See Figure 38.)
Figure 38: Audio Loudness Session display
Configuring Loudness parameters from the Configuration menu. From the
Loudness Settings menu in the CONFIG button menu, you can set the parameters
that affect loudness measurements. For example, the Loudness Filter/Measure
selection controls which of three weighting filters are applied to the audio loudness
measurement. It is used by the loudness algorithm to calculate the audio loudness.
Elements of the Audio Loudness Session display.
Max Value: Shows the maximum loudness value recorded during the session.
Min Value: Shows the minimum loudness value recorded during the session.
Loudness Session Avg: Shows the loudness session average, which is a
summed average of all the values recorded in the session.
Short Period: Shows the current duration of the short period loudness
average.
Channel Summation: Shows the summation of audio channels currently
used to compute the loudness average.
Target Value: Shows the currently defined Target Loudness level.
Loudness Session Time: Shows the current duration of the loudness session
since last reset.
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Short Loud: The displayed value is the short duration loudness measurement
based on the short duration period.
Infinite: The displayed value is the loudness measurement average based
on the duration of the audio session.
True Peak: The displayed value is the maximum true peak value recorded by
the audio meters. More detailed information on the true peak level of each
channel is displayed within the audio session.
Dailnorm: The displayed value is the metadata value that is present either
within the Dolby data stream or carried as a Ancillary data packet per
SMPTE2020.
Loud Range: The displayed value is the quantified (in LU) variation of the
loudness measurement of a program and is based on the statistical distribution
of loudness.
Audio Loudness Session pop-up menu.
Mute Alarms: Temporarily mutes alarm reporting.
Graph Scale: Allows you to change the horizontal scale of the chart from 0
to 60 seconds to a total duration of up to 30 hours.
Graph Gain: Allows you to change the vertical gain of the chart between
0-60 dB, 8-40 dB, and 12-36 dB.
Save History to USB: Saves the audio loudness session history to a USB
memory device.
History Reset: Resets the audio loudness session history.
All Sessions Reset: Globally resets any and all audio and video sessions
displayed in all panes, regardless of the display and session from which it
is executed.
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Audio Control
The Audio Control Packet Display allows you to view information on audio frame
number, sampling frequency, active channels, and relative audio-to-video delay of
each channel, as encoded in the audio control packet metadata. (See Figure 39.)
Figure 39: Audio Control Packet format
For SD signals, transmission of audio control packets is optional for 48 kHz
synchronous operation and required for all other modes of operation (since
it contains the information as to what mode is being used). Where frequent
switching is planned, receiving equipment can be designed to add or drop a
sample following a switch in the four out of five cases where the sequence is
broken. The challenge in such a system is to detect that a switch has occurred.
This can be facilitated by use of the data block number in the ancillary data format
structure and by including an optional frame counter with the unused bits in the
audio frame number word of the audio control packet. (See Figure 40.)
For HD signals, the audio control packet carries additional information used in
the process of decoding the audio data and has a similar structure to standard
definition.
The elements of the Audio Packet display vary depending on the monitored
signal. (See Figure 41.)
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Figure 40: Audio Control Packet structure
Figure 41: Audio Control display
Elements of the Audio Control display.
Group 1 through n: Shows the audio group number of the audio control
packet to be used for decoding.
DID: Shows the Data Identifier of the ancillary data packet for the audio
control packet. For specific information about permissible DID values, view
the help file in your instrument: while the Audio Control display is active in a
tile, press the HELP button and follow the link at the bottom of the page to
Audio Control Packet Display Elements.
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Data Block: Always 200h for HD. If SD is present, this increments by 1
when consecutive data for each DID is present, or when data blocks within
a common data ID are to be linked.
Data Count: 10Bh for HD. For SD, the data count represents the number of
user data words to follow, up to a maximum of 255 words.
Field/Line: Shows the field of the audio from which the packet was acquired.
The line of the audio (within the field) from which the packet was acquired.
Checksum: Shows the checksum word that was recovered from the acquired
packet.
Should be: Shows the checksum word computed by the instrument, based on
the packet data.
Channel: Shows the specific channel(s) to which the Audio Frame, Rate
(kHz), Active Chan, and Delay Samples data apply. The AES stream allows
up to 16 channels of audio data, and every 4 channels are transmitted together
as an audio group.
Audio Frame: Audio frame (AF) number data provide a sequential
numbering of video frames that indicate where they fall in the progression of
the non-integer number of samples per video frame (audio frame sequence).
The first number of the sequence is always 1 and the final number is equal to
the length of the audio frame sequence. An audio frame value of one or more
zeroes indicates that frame numbering is not available.
Rate (kHz): Shows the audio sampling rate.
Active Chan: Shows whether the audio channel is active or inactive.
Delay Samples: Shows the amount of accumulated audio processing delay
relative to video, measured in audio sample intervals.
Audio Control Pop-up Menu. Mute Alarms mutes alarms for all Status display
types.
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Aux Data Status
The Aux Data Status Display allows you to view closed-caption, teletext, video
index, AFD, WSS, V-chip related status, and other ancillary data present on
monitored signals. (See Figure 75.)
Figure 42: Auxiliary Data Status display
Elements of the Aux Data Status display.
Ancillary Data Present: Indicates if ANC data is present in the SDI stream.
CC/Teletext Type: Indicates the Closed Caption or Teletext type in use, with
the element turning red if an error is detected or the type is missing. Possible
values are CEA-608 (VBI), CEA-608 (ANC), CEA-608 (708), CEA-708,
Teletext B (WST) / VBI, Teletext B (WST) / OP47 SDP, Teletext B (WST) /
OP47 Multi. If the CC type data is present, but is either late or early, the
error message is displayed in yellow.
CEA 608: Indicates the number and type of services present in the closed
caption data CEA608 format. If a service has no activity for 30 seconds, it
is considered missing.
CEA 708: Indicates the number and type of services present on closed
caption data in CEA708 format. If a service has no activity for 30 seconds, it
is considered missing.
RP207: Indicates the presence of Program Description Data.
Teletext: Detects the location and line numbers for which teletext information
is present.
CDP: Indicates the presence of Caption Distribution Packets and provides
information on frame rate and data count of 608 and 708 packets. Note that
packet 608 typically has 4 data words and packet 708 has up to 46 data words,
depending on the frame rate as defined in SMPTE 334.
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V-Chip Rating: Detects ratings from: MPAA (US), TV (US), Canadian
English, and Canadian French systems.
Transmission Signal Identifier (TSID): Indicates if the TSID is present in
the SDI stream. If missing, "Not Detected" will display; otherwise, the TSID
is displayed as a hexadecimal number.
Copy Generation Management System-Analog (CGMS-A): Indicates if
the CGMS-A is present in the signal. If missing, "Not Detected" will display;
otherwise, the CGMS-A value is displayed.
Broadcast Flag: Indicates if a broadcast flag was detected or not.
Timecode (TC) Flags: Indicates the timecode status. The drop frame (DF) is
0 when drop frame compensation is being performed normally. DF is 1 when
the count is not drop frame compensated. The color frame (CF) status is 0
when there is no relationship between the CF sequence and the time address.
CF is 1 when CF ID is applied to the time address.
Pol: Indicates the biphase polarity correction.
BG Flags: Indicates the binary group (BG) values and whether they are
specified. The readout will display a number from 0 to 7. For example, bit 0
is BGF0, bit 1 is BGF1, and bit 2 is BGF2.
BG Data: Indicates the binary group (BG) data value.
Wide Screen Signaling (WSS): Indicates if the WSS is present. The
supported formats include Composite PAL and 625-line SD. The WSS data is
displayed with the hexadecimal byte value and its description. WSS decoding
conforms to standard ITU-BT.1119-2.
Active Format Description (AFD): Indicates if the SMPTE 2016-1 and 3
Format for Active Format Description and Bar Data is present. The AFD
data is displayed with the hexadecimal byte value and its description. AFD
decoding conforms to standard SMPTE 2016 1-3.
Video Index Scanning B2-B0: Shows the Video Index Scanning System
information. Conforms to SMPTE RP186-2008 Class 1.1. Data Octet 1.
Scanning System provides information about the total number of lines, field
rate, and aspect ratio.
Video Index AFD/ARD B6-B3: Shows the Video Index binary value of Bits
6 to Bits 3 that are used to define the Active Format Descriptor. Conforms to
SMPTE RP186-2008 Class 1.1. or ARDSPEC 1. See the instrument online
help for a detailed description of codes: while the Aux Data Status display is
active in a tile, press the HELP button.
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Dolby Status
When your instrument is equipped with Option DPE, you can view Dolby
metadata for the currently monitored audio source (AES and embedded inputs),
Dolby Timing, and Dolby VANC data from the Dolby Status Display. Select to
view the metadata from the audio data stream or from the VANC. (See Figure 43.)
Figure 43: Dolby Status display
Elements of the Dolby Status display. The following is a list of some of the
elements that show on the Dolby Status display. Some elements apply only
to Dolby type E. If Dolby type D is detected, these elements display with their
names grayed out and with a value of N/A. For a complete list of the elements that
might appear, see the instrument online help: when the Dolby Status display is
active in a tile, press the HELP button.
Program Description Text: A 32-character ASCII text field used by the
program author to describe the audio program; for example, the name of the
program (Movie Channel Promo), the program source (Football Main Feed),
or the program language (Danish).
Dolby Format: Indicates the Dolby Format. This indicator is also tied to the
Dolby Format Error/Alarm: if the Alarm is asserted, the Dolby Format is
displayed in red.
Channel Mode (or Audio Coding mode): Indicates the active channels
within the encoded bit stream, representing it in a ratio, X/Y, where X is the
number of front channels (Left, Center, Right) and Y is the number of rear
(Surround) channels. If the LFE Channel is present, an L is appended at the
end of the channel mode.
Program Configuration: Determines how the audio channels are grouped
within a Dolby E bitstream. Up to eight channels can be grouped together in
individual programs, where each program contains its own metadata.
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Dolby Source: Indicates the instrument input from which the Dolby Content
is sourced.
Dolby Data Rate: For Dolby D, indicates the encoded data rate; for Dolby E,
indicates the data rate that is used to encode a Dolby Digital bitstream.
Dolby Sample Rate: Indicates the sample rate of the decoded Dolby Digital
bitstream.
Bitstream Mode: Describes the audio service contained within the Dolby
Digital bitstream. A complete audio program may consist of a main audio
service (a complete mix of all the program audio), an associated audio service
comprising a complete mix, or a main service combined with an associated
service. For more information about possible values, see the instrument online
help: when the Dolby Status display is active in a tile, press the HELP button.
Dolby E Frame Rate: Indicates the Dolby E frame rate. If Dolby Frame Rate
is not the same as the video Frame Rate, the rate value is displayed in red.
Dolby E Frame Loc: Displays the location (line number and sample number)
of the SMPTE337 pre-amble. Also displays the Dolby E sync words one and
two for bit depths of 16, 20, and 24.
Dolby PA Alignment: Indicates an alignment error between the left and
right Dolby channels.
Dialog Level: Represents the long-term, A-weighted average level of dialog
within a presentation, LAeq.
ARIB Status
Check for the presence and status of ARIB-based information encoding. The
instrument supports TR-B.22, TR-B.23-1, TR-B.23-2, B.35, B.37, and B.39 ARIB
standards. To view the ARIB content displays, enable this option in CONFIG >
Aux Data Settings > ARIB Content Display. For detailed information about
ARIB displays, go to the ARIB Displays section in this manual. (See page 125.)
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Display Information
SDI Status
View two measurements of signal jitter and cable loss in both dB and meters
of the selected cable type, and calculated source level. With Option PHY3,
automatic measurements of eye amplitude, rise time, fall time, overshoot, and
rise-fall difference are also displayed. (See Figure 44.) (See page 101, Monitoring
the SDI Physical Layer.)
Figure 44: SDI Status display
Elements of the SDI Status display. Some elements are option dependent.
Jitter and Cable Loss Thermometers: The horizontal bar graphs show
your measured values. 0-70% of the of the threshold value is represented
by a green area; 70-100% by a yellow area; 100-170% by a red area. The
measured value is shown as a black diamond.
Jitter1 HP Filter: Sets the jitter high pass filter for one of the two jitter
engines that drive the EYE display. Selectable as: Timing (set to 10Hz);
Align (auto set to default filter settings); 10Hz; 1kHz; 10kHz; 100kHz.
Jitter1 settings appear in tile 1 and 2.
P-P: Shows the peak-to-peak jitter measurement, in time units and UIs (unit
intervals).
Jitter2 HP Filter: Sets the jitter high pass filter for the second of the two jitter
engines that drive the EYE display. Settings are the same as for Jitter1, above.
Jitter2 settings appear in tile 3 and 4.
Cable Loss: Shows the signal loss in dB, at the frequency specified in the
Cable Loss field of the Physical Layer Settings selection available from the
CONFIG button.
Approx Cable: Shows the approximate length of cable, assuming a
continuous run of cable of the specified type, as specified in the Cable Type
field of the Physical Layer Settings selection available from the CONFIG
button.
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Source Level: Shows the calculated launch amplitude of the signal source,
assuming a continuous run of cable of the specified type, as specified in the
Launch Amplitude fields of the Physical Layer Settings selection available
from the CONFIG button.
Cable Type: Shows the cable type used to connect the signal source to the
instrument, as specified in the Cable Type field of the Physical Layer Settings
selection available from the CONFIG button.
Eye Amplitude: Shows the amplitude of the eye waveform. (Requires
Option PHY3.)
Eye Risetime: Shows the rise time of the eye waveform. (Requires Option
PHY3.)
Eye Falltime: Shows the fall time of the eye waveform. (Requires Option
PHY3.)
Eye Rise-Fall: Shows the delta between rise time and fall time of the eye
waveform. (Requires Option PHY3.)
Eye Rise Overshoot: Shows the percentage of rise time overshoot of the eye
waveform. (Requires Option PHY3.)
Eye Fall Overshoot: Shows the percentage of fall time overshoot of the eye
waveform. (Requires Option PHY3.)
SDI Status Display Pop-up Menu.
Mute Alarms: Mutes alarms for all Status display types.
Jitter1 HP Filter: Select the filter type: Timing, Align, 10 Hz, 100 Hz,
1 kHz, 10 kHz, 100 kHz
Jitter2 HP Filter: Select the filter type: Timing, Align, 10 Hz, 100 Hz,
1 kHz, 10 kHz, 100 kHz
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Display Information
Audio Display
Pressing the AUDIO button brings up the Audio Display. This display provides
level meters and a phase display for monitoring audio signals. The Audio display
always shows the level meters and correlation meters. When you choose to
display the Phase plot (also known as Lissajous) or Surround Sound, the left part
of the Audio tile displays the level meters and the right part the Phase or Surround
Sound display. (See Figure 45.)
Figure 45: Audio display
Elements of the Audio
Display
Level meters: Show audio levels. Can include Dolby channels 9 and 10 if
Dolby options are present. (See page 142, To Check Audio Level.)
Loudness meter: This meter is configured in the CONFIG > Loudness
Settings menu. Once configured, enable it by pressing and holding the
AUDIO button to get the pop-up menu. The following indicators appear next
to the meter and show the loudness:
Gray diamond: indicates Too Quiet loudness threshold
White diamond: indicates Target Loudness loudness threshold
Blue diamond: indicates target loudness low threshold
Yellow diamond: indicates target loudness high threshold
Red diamond: indicates Too Loud loudness threshold
Loudness channel: appears at the base of the loudness meter and shows
which channels are being displayed. If Program is selected, the channel
label is P1 up to P8. The channel text is green if the channels are set
to Program.
Phase, Surround, or Loudness Display: Select between the Phase display,
where the phase of a selected pair of channels is plotted against an X-Y or
sound-stage plot; and the Surround display, where all the channels levels
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display in positions matching their place in a surround-sound listening
environment; and the Loudness display, where loudness targets are shown.
(See page 143, To Check Audio Phase.) (See page 146, Elements of the
Surround Sound Display .) (See page 69, Audio Loudness Session.)
Audio source/setup: Displays selected audio input and related setup
information, such as Listening Mode when in Surround display. (See
page 141, Audio Monitoring.)
Level meter labels: Identifies the signal in each meter bar. The labels vary
according to whether the audio sources to the level meter bars are normal
channel pairs, surround channels, or Dolby sources (the Dolby source labels
include Dolby type).
Level meter ballistics readouts: Displays the selected dynamic response
characteristic.
Axes: Shows the orientation of the two audio signals when displaying phase;
shows the orientation and amplitudes of the sound field when displaying
surround sound. (Axes are selectable for an X-Y or Soundstage plot.)
Phase correlation meters: Displays the phase correlation between the
two-channel bars under which it appears. The meter of the pair selected for
the Phase display also appears in the Phase display. (See page 143, To Check
Audio Phase.)
Test level and Peak program level indicators: Diamond-shaped markers
between the level bars indicate the configurable limits set up for the display.
Above the Test level, the bar displays in a yellow color. Above the Peak
level, the bar displays in a red color. Test level is also known as Reference
level or Line-up level.
Level meter scale and units: By default, the units are in dB relative to full
scale (dBFS) for digital inputs and dB relative to 0.775 Volts (dBu) for analog
inputs. The 0 dB mark is digital Full scale for digital inputs and 0 dBu for
analog inputs. You may also set the 0 dB mark to either the Peak Program
level or the Test level. See also CONFIG > Digital Audio Displays > Set
Meter Type To, and CONFIG > Analog Audio Displays > Set Meter Type To.
Dolby E Guardband thermometer: Guardband limits can be set for SD,
HD, 3G, DL, and CMPST signals. A Dolby E Guardband thermometer is
displayed on the Audio display so that you can monitor whether guardband
limits are being exceeded.
NOTE. The loudness measurement supports three types of filters: Flat,
A-weighted, and RLB (ITU-R BS.1770-2). The measurement can be viewed in the
Audio Session display and configured in the Audio pop-up menu.
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Display Information
Above-bar Warning
Messages
This instrument displays warning messages above the level meter bars. The
warning messages that can appear above the bars as follows:
Clip. The number of consecutive samples equals or exceeds the # Samples for
Clip setting.
Over. The signal is at or above the specified Over Level for a time exceeding
the Duration for Over setting.
In-bar Warning Messages
This instrument displays warning messages within the level meter bars. The
warning messages that can appear are shown below in order of priority.
UNLOCKED. The instrument is not locked to an incoming signal on the indicated
input channel. Data cannot be decoded and all data and other errors are ignored.
This means that if an AES input is selected, nothing recognizable is present on the
input, or if embedded audio is selected, the VIDEO input is unrecognizable.
AES PARITY. The incoming subframe does not have even parity as specified
by the digital audio standards. The data sample is unreliable and is ignored. The
level meters and Lissajous display treat the sample as a zero sample.
AES CRC ERROR. The CRC code in the AES channel status packet is incorrect.
Sometimes the CRC code is set to zero, indicating that the signal is missing; when
this is the case, this message is not displayed.
MUTE. The number of consecutive all-zero samples equals or exceeds the #
Samples for Mute setting.
SILENCE. The signal is at or below the specified Silence Level for a time
exceeding the Duration for Silence setting.
DISABLED. Indicates that an audio bar is not active. This message is mainly
seen with a Dolby Digital source when a listening mode is selected with a reduced
number of channels.
AES V BIT. Indicates that the Validity bit is set high for one or more data
samples. In the AES/EBU standard, a set validity bit indicates that the sample is
not suitable for conversion to audio. By default, the level meter bars and Lissajous
display treat the affected samples as zero samples.
NO AUDIO. Indicates that an AES or embedded input has the Non audio bit set.
NOT PRESENT. Indicates that an audio bar is not present in the current audio
input. This can be present if a Dolby Digital input has a coding mode indicating a
reduced number of channels.
DOLBY D. Indicates an AES or embedded input is Dolby Digital.
DOLBY D+. Indicates an AES or embedded input is DOLBY Digital Plus.
DOLBY E. Indicates an AES or embedded input is DOLBY E.
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Audio Display Pop-up
Menu
The Audio pop-up menu enables you to select the audio input source and specify
whether a phase display or a surround-sound displays appears in a subtile to the
right of the level meter display.
To select the source for the Audio display, select Audio Input in the menu and
set a source. The number of available sources depends on which audio option is
installed. Choosing any given input will make that audio the monitored signal
regardless of which video input is active. Alternatively, choose Follows Video
to enable the mapping that allows changing the audio source as the video input
selection is changed.
NOTE. Use the CONFIG menu to select the mapping of input to bar, the meter
type, and the Follows Video mapping of audio to video.
Headphone input maps audio pairs to the front panel headphone jack.
Analog Out Atten is used to adjust the levels to the rear panel analog outputs.
To add a 2-channel phase display to the audio tile, set Aux Display to Phase
Display in the Audio pop-up menu. A phase display is also called a "Lissajous"
display.
To choose the plot style of the Phase Display, select between the following two
entries in the pop-up menu:
Sound Stage has axes rotated at a 45 degrees.
X-Y has axes that are horizontal and vertical.
To choose the pair of inputs that is displayed in the phase display, select Phase
Pair and set a value. You can also select Custom, and then specify individual
channels for the input pair, using the Phase Channel A and Phase Channel B
entries.
To add a multi-channel surround sound display to the audio tile, set Aux Display
to Surround Sound in the Audio pop-up menu. You can also enable either or
both of the following entries:
Dominance Indicator. When on, indicates the location of the dominant sound
in the surround sound image using a cross-hairs pointer (surround display
only).
Loudness. When set to Flat, results in a non-weighted response; when set
to A-weighted, results in a response that more closely matches that of the
human ear.
NOTE. The Audio Surround Sound display is courtesy of Radio-Technische
Werkstaetten GmbH & Co. KG (RTW) of Cologne, Germany. Surround Sound:
Radio-Technische Werkstaetten GmbH & Co.
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Display Information
Configuring Audio Inputs
for Embedded 16-Channel
Audio
To set up an Audio Input for Embedded 16-Channel audio:
1. Press the CONFIG button to display the configuration menu.
2. Use the arrow keys and SEL button to make selections in the steps that follow.
3. Select Digital Audio Displays.
4. Select Embd 16-Ch Ballistics.
5. Select the appropriate ballistics from the available list (True Peak, PPM
Type 1, and PPM Type 2). If the previous selection was VU Ballistics, the
instrument will default to PPM Type 2 ballistics.
The following functions are not supported for 16-Channel audio:
Audio input to bar mapping
Audio output mapping
Correlation meters
Lissajous and phase displays
Headphone
NOTE. You cannot modify the input and output mapping because the mappings
are fixed for 16-Channel audio.
Selecting Audio Input for
Embedded 16-Channel
Audio
84
1. Select a tile.
2. Press and hold the Audio button to open the Audio display in a tile and pop
up the Audio menu.
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Display Information
3. Use the arrow keys and SEL button to make selections in the steps that follow.
4. Select Audio Input and then select the Emb. 16-Ch option.
Figure 46: 16-Channel audio bars display
Quick Selection of 1-8
or 9-16 Channels of
Embedded Audio
1. Select a tile.
2. Press and hold the Audio button to open the Audio display in a tile and pop
up the Audio menu.
3. Use the arrow keys and SEL button to make selections in the steps that follow.
4. Select Audio Input and then select Emb. 1-8 or Emb. 9-16.
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Display Information
Picture Display
Pressing the PICT button calls up the Picture display, which lets you see the
picture generated by the video signal. You can choose to display the picture
with or without a Picture Frame, VChip, Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, and
Safe Area Graticules. (See Figure 47.) (See page 159, Closed Captioning (CC),
Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area Compliance.)
Figure 47: Picture display showing color bars
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Elements of the Picture
Display
In full-screen mode, there is no cropping. Pictures are decimated horizontally or
vertically for the correct aspect ratio. This decimation may cause some artifacts.
This behavior may be evident on a sweep signal. Also see the online help for the
Picture Aspect Ratio for related information. Display can be set to include Closed
Captioning text or Teletext subtitles overlaid on the picture.
The VChip, CC-Display, Teletext, and Safe Area Graticule are described below.
(See Figure 48.)
1. VChip Area: Displays detected VChip ratings from any of these systems:
MPAA (US), TV (US), Canadian English, and Canadian French. VChip
information is labeled CA (Content Advisory).
2. Safe Graticules: SMPTE, BBC, and ARIB B-4 standards for safe area
graticules allow for selection of up to two Safe Area and two Safe Title
graticules. Custom graticules with adjustable areas can also be specified.
3. Closed Caption Text and Teletext Area: Displays closed captioning or
Teletext, configurable to decode to the following Closed Caption and Teletext
standards.
For Composite: CEA-608-line-21 (VBI), TeletextB VBI (PAL)
For SD: CEA-608-line-21, TeletextB VBI (625), CEA-608 (ANC),
CEA-608 (708), CEA-708, TeletextB VBI, TeletextB OP47 SDP (ANC),
and TeletextB OP47 Multi (ANC)
For HD and 3G: CEA-608 (ANC), CEA-608 (708), CEA-708, TeletextB
VBI, TeletextB OP47 SDP (ANC), and TeletextB OP47 Multi (ANC)
Figure 48: VChip, CC-Display, Teletext, and Safe Area Graticule in Picture display
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Display Information
Picture Display Pop-up
Menu
When monitoring to ensure that branding or other elements do not overlay
essential text or video action, use the PICT pop-up menu to select a Safe Action
and Safe Title graticule. The Safe Action Area is the maximum image area within
which all significant action should be contained, and the Safe Title Area is the
maximum image area within which all significant titles should be contained. You
can select standard or custom safe area graticules.
Picture Frame: Select to turn the picture frame On or Off
CC/Teletext Format: Select from Off, Auto, CEA608, CEA708, and WST
CEA608 CC Services: Select from CC Channel 1 through 4 and Txt Channel
1 through 4
CEA708 CC Services: Select from Service 1 through 6
TtxtB Page: Select the teletext B page
Safe Area Action 1: Select from Off, Auto, 4x3, 14x9, 16x9, Custom_1,
and Custom_2
Safe Area Title 1: Select from Off, Auto, 4x3, 14x9, 16x9, Custom_1, and
Custom_2
Safe Area Action 2: Select from Off, Auto, 4x3, 14x9, 16x9, Custom_1,
and Custom_2
Safe Area Title 2: Select from Off, Auto, 4x3, 14x9, 16x9, Custom_1, and
Custom_2
Black/Frozen Grat: Select from Off, Black, and Frozen
AFD Graticules: Select from ON and Off
Picture Center Grat: Select from ON and Off
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Functions
Functions
Gain, Sweep, and Magnification
Set the gain, sweep mode, and sweep rate using the GAIN, SWEEP, and MAG
buttons. A lit front-panel button indicates that the function is active.
NOTE. Gain, Sweep, and Magnification do not apply to all display types.
To Set Gain
Use Gain with the WFM displays, EYE displays, VECTOR displays, and the
Bowtie Display (found in the MEAS menu).
Select a trace display.
Press and hold the GAIN button to display the Gain pop-up menu.
If you enable VAR Gain, set the gain using the General knob. If you select
Gain Settings, choose the gain (x2, x5, x10) of your choice.
Once you have set up Gain parameters, you only need to press the GAIN button
once to activate Gain. Press it again to remove Gain.
To Set Sweep Mode
Use Sweep with the WFM displays, EYE displays, and the Bowtie Display
(found in the MEAS menu).
Select a trace display.
Press and hold the SWEEP button to display the Sweep pop-up menu.
Select Line or Field or Eye sweep. The available options depend on which
display is active. For example, when the WFM Display is in Overlay mode,
you can select from either Line or Field. When that same display is in Parade,
only Line is available. In the EYE Display, you can select from 3EYE,
20EYE, or 1 Field, 2 Field.
Once you have set up Sweep parameters, you only need to press the SWEEP
button once to activate Sweep. Press it again to remove Sweep.
To Set Magnification
Use Magnification with the WFM displays, VECTOR displays, EYE displays,
and the Bowtie Display (found in the MEAS menu).
Select a trace display.
Press and hold the MAG button to display the Magnification pop-up menu.
Select a magnification setting, such as Best View, x10, x20, x25, or x30. In
the Vector displays, the magnification is called H Gain (horizontal gain). The
available options depend on which display is active.
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Functions
Once you have set up Magnification parameters, you only need to press the MAG
button once to activate Magnification. Press it again to remove Magnification.
Cursors
Cursors enable you to measure time or voltage on a waveform. Cursors appear
only in a tile set to Waveform mode. If the active tile is not in Waveform mode,
then an error message is displayed.
Display and adjust the cursors as follows.
1. Choose a tile that is currently displaying a waveform.
2. Press and hold the CURSOR button to display the cursor menu and then
select the cursor style you want: Voltage, Time, or Voltage + Time. (Once
the cursors are activated and the pop-up menu is closed, pushing CURSOR
again turns the cursors off.)
3. Push the arrow keys to select the active cursor:
If Voltage or Time cursors are displayed, press any arrow key to activate
a cursor.
If Voltage + Time cursors are both displayed, press either the up or down
arrow key to select between voltage cursors. Press either the left or right
arrow key to select between the time cursors.
4. Turn the GENERAL knob to adjust the selected cursor on the waveform. The
active cursor readout appears in yellow with a knob icon.
NOTE. To quickly center the active cursor on screen, press and hold the SEL
button.
5. Repeat steps 2 through 4 to adjust the other cursor.
6. Read the cursor measurement in the Cursors readout.
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Figure 49: Using cursors in the waveform display
Capture
There are two modes of capturing: Freeze and Buffer. The first mode can freeze a
single tile, or all tiles simultaneously, and saves it to memory while other displays
and information continue to be live. For this type of capture, frozen information is
lost when the power cycles.
The second mode, buffer capture mode, captures and stores signal data for later
recall to the instrument or to the USB drive for later analysis. The instrument can
be set to buffer capture manually or using triggers. For procedures for copying
the capture buffer to a USB drive, see the Technical Reference on the Product
Documentation CD shipped with your instrument. Both modes are useful for
comparing sources or capturing transient events.
NOTE. Both capture freeze and capture buffer information can be downloaded
from the instrument Web page.
Capture freeze works in both four-tile and full-screen modes, however, if you
freeze a trace in 4-tile mode, the image will not be shown if you go to full-screen
mode. The image will still be available if you go back to 4-tile mode. Likewise,
if you freeze a waveform image in a tile and then switch the tile to another
measurement such as Vector, the frozen waveform image is hidden. If you then
change the tile back to waveform, the image will reappear.
NOTE. For waveform displays, the captured image is shown in a different color to
distinguish it from the live image. For all displays, the instrument continues to log
error status in the background while the display is captured.
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Functions
Line Select
Line Select allows you to select lines in the waveform display. This function is
accessible from the front panel of your instrument by pressing the LINE SEL
button.
1. Select the tile containing the display for which you want to set Line Select
Mode.
NOTE. Line Select Mode can only be active on one tile at a time, but the line
select brightup cursor does appear in other tiles and moves as you select lines
in the active tile.
2. Press the LINE SEL button to toggle Line Select Mode on or off. When on,
the tile displays the selected line information only.
3. Press the left or right arrow key to select F1 (field 1), F2 (field 2), F3 (field3),
F4 (field 4), or All.
4. The line and field information will appear at the bottom of the display screen.
5. Turn the GENERAL knob to select the line you want to view.
Figure 50: Navigating line selection
Headphone Volume and Source Adjustment
WARNING. To avoid damaging your hearing, always turn the volume down to the
minimum before you put on headphones, and then turn the volume up slowly.
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Functions
The headphone jack is located on the front panel of your instrument. You can
adjust the volume to the headphones from the Audio menu.
1. Press the AUDIO button to show the audio display in a tile.
NOTE. The headphone icon appears at the bottom of the Audio display.
2. Use the Horizontal knob to adjust the volume.
3. Adjust the headphone source by pressing the AUDIO button, selecting
Headphone Input, and then selecting the source you want.
Presets
Instrument setups can become complex as you tailor them to monitor various
parameters. To save set up time and check consistency, you can save instrument
setups as presets in your instrument. Save and quickly access presets from the
PRESET button on the instrument front panel and from the instrument Web page.
All instrument settings except those set in the Utilities and Network Settings
submenus of the Configuration menu are saved in a Preset. Settings that are not
saved are those such as the clock setting, IP configuration, and network address.
The following is an overview of the settings saved in a Preset.
Measurement assigned to each tile
Tile specific settings
Input selection
SDI Input settings
Composite Input settings
External Reference settings
Audio Displays settings
Audio Inputs/Outputs settings
Alarm settings
Gamut thresholds
Display settings
Readout setting
Graticule settings
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Functions
To Save Presets
The instrument can store up to 32 separate instrument presets. The presets are
divided into four groups, A through D, with each group containing 8 preset storage
locations. The default preset names are A1 – A8, B1 – B8, C1 – C8, and D1 – D8.
Quick Access to Presets 1 – 8.
1. Set up the instrument exactly as you want to have it configured. This includes
setting the contents of each tile and the audio and video settings.
2. Press and hold one of the preset buttons (1 through 8) to which you want
to save the setup.
NOTE. Pressing and holding a preset button accesses the Group A preset locations
by default. You can use the Bezel Group Select menu in the Preset menu to change
which of the four preset groups are associated with the front panel preset buttons.
3. In the dialog box that appears, press the right arrow key to highlight the
Continue box.
4. Press the SEL button. A message displays that your preset is saved.
Access to all Presets.
1. Set up the instrument exactly as you want to have it configured. This includes
setting the contents of each tile and the audio and video settings.
2. Press the PRESET button to display the Preset Menu.
3. Use the arrow buttons to navigate to a preset location to save the instrument
settings. For example select Save Preset > Select Group B > Save B1.
4. Press the SEL button. A message will display that your preset is saved.
To Recall Presets
Recalling presets is easy: press the PRESET button to display the Preset Menu.
Use the arrow buttons to navigate to the preset that corresponds to the preset
you want and press the SEL button.
To recall factory presets, press the PRESET button to display the Preset Menu.
Use the arrow buttons to navigate to Recall Preset > Recall Factory Preset
and then press the SEL button.
Importing Presets from a
USB Device
You can also save presets to the USB drive so that you can load them on multiple
waveform rasterizers in your system. To import presets to a USB memory device:
1. Insert a USB memory device into the USB drive located in the front of the
instrument. To check that the drive mounted properly, press the MAIN button
and then press the SEL button.
2. Press the Preset button to view the Preset menu.
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3. Press the down arrow key to select Import Presets.
4. Press the right arrow key to access the submenu and then press the up/down
arrow keys to navigate to Select Source.
5. Press the right arrow key to access the submenu, highlight the USB folder
from which you want to import, and then press the SEL button.
6. Navigate to the Select Dest menu option and use the arrow keys to access
the submenu.
7. Navigate to the preset group that matches the source preset group and press
the SEL button.
8. Press the left arrow key and then the down arrow key and highlight Copy.
9. Press the SEL button. You should see a pop-up notice that says Import
Complete.
10. If you do not want to import any other presets at this time, press the Preset
button to dismiss the menu.
11. Remove the USB memory device from the USB drive.
Exporting Presets to a USB
Device
To export presets to a USB memory device:
1. Insert a USB memory device into the USB drive located in the front of the
instrument. To check that the drive mounted properly, press the MAIN button
and then press the SEL button.
2. Press the Preset button to view the preset menu.
3. Press the down arrow key to select Export Presets.
4. Press the right arrow key to access the submenu and then press the up/down
arrow keys to navigate to Select Source.
5. Press the right arrow key to access the submenu, highlight the Preset Group
you what to export to the USB memory device, and then press the SEL button.
6. Navigate to the Select Dest menu option and use the arrow keys to access
the submenu.
7. Select a USB folder if one exists or create a folder by following the
instructions for the Create USB Folder menu selection.
8. In the same submenu, navigate to the Preset Group that matches the source
Preset Group and press the SEL button.
9. Press the left arrow key and then the down arrow key and highlight Copy.
10. Press the SEL button. You should see a pop-up notice that says Export
Complete.
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11. If you do not want to export any other presets at this time, press the Preset
button to dismiss the menu.
12. Remove the USB memory device from the USB drive.
Software Upgrades
After you have verified that your instrument must have the software upgraded,
perform the following procedure to upgrade the software.
after obtaining the latest software package, you can upgrade the instrument
either using the USB Software Installation procedure or the Network Software
Installation procedure. (See page 96.)
Obtain the Latest Software
Download the latest version of software available for your instrument.
1. Use the Web browser on the PC to navigate to the following Tektronix Web
site:
http://www.tektronix.com/downloads
2. On the Downloads Web page, search by model number (WVR7200) and filter
software and software type to locate the latest software-upgrade package
for the instrument.
3. Download the latest version to your PC.
4. After the software package is downloaded, click the self-extracting archive to
extract the following files into the directory of your choice: transfer.exe and
firmware.pkg. There may also be a readme.txt file.
USB Software Installation
Use the following steps to upgrade the instrument software using a USB memory
device.
1. Insert the USB memory device into a USB port (of the PC containing the
latest software).
2. On the PC, navigate to the USB device.
3. On the USB device, create a directory named:
WfmUpgrd
4. Open the WfmUpgrd directory and copy the firmware.pkg file (from the
extracted archive) to the USB device.
You should have a directory path WfmUpgrd\firmware.pkg.
5. Safely remove the USB device from the PC and insert it into the USB port
on the front panel of the instrument.
6. Power on the instrument.
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7. Press the CONFIG front panel button.
8. Navigate to Utilities > System Upgrade > Upgrade Options > USB
Upgrade.
NOTE. If the instrument displays a message indicating that a USB device
containing firmware was not detected, make sure you have the correct directory
path on the USB device.
9. Press the SEL front panel button. This displays the System Software Upgrade
window.
10. Select Continue from the System Software Upgrade window and press SEL
to start the software upgrade.
During the upgrade process, the instrument displays messages indicating the
upgrade status. Do not remove the USB device until the upgrade is complete.
Network Software
Installation
Use the following steps to upgrade the instrument software using a network
connection.
1. Connect the instrument and PC to your local Ethernet network.
2. Power on the instrument.
3. Assign the instrument an IP address:
NOTE. The data-transfer utility requires that the instrument be assigned a valid
IP address. To allow network access to the instrument, the instrument must be
assigned a valid IP address for your network. Network addresses can be assigned
either manually or automatically using DHCP. If your network does not use
DHCP, you will have to manually enter the address for the instrument. To get a
valid IP address, contact your local LAN administrator.
Alternatively, if you connect the PC directly to the instrument using an Ethernet
cable, you can assign the instrument any IP address that is compatible with the
IP address of the PC.
a. Press the CONFIG button on the front panel.
b. Navigate to Network Settings > IP Config Mode.
c. Select either Manual or DHCP as directed by your LAN administrator.
Select Manual if you are using an Ethernet cable to connect the PC
directly to the instrument.
d. If you selected Manual mode, enter the IP address, subnet mask, and
gateway address as directed by your LAN administrator. You need to
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enter only an IP address if you are using an Ethernet cable to connect
the PC directly to the instrument.
NOTE. If you selected DHCP mode, the network automatically assigns the
instrument an IP address.
e. Press the CONFIG button on the front panel to close the menus.
4. Prepare the instrument for the software upgrade:
a. Press the CONFIG front panel button.
b. Navigate to Utilities > System Upgrade > Upgrade Options > Network
Upgrade.
c. Press the SEL front panel button. This displays the System Software
Upgrade window.
5. Perform the software upgrade:
a. On the PC, double-click the transfer.exe file to launch the transfer
program.
b. Type the IP address or DNS name of the instrument you are upgrading,
and then press Enter. This starts the software upgrade process.
CAUTION. To prevent upgrade failure, do not close the transfer.exe window
until the transfer utility asks for another IP address.
When the software upgrade completes, the instrument may reboot.
c. The transfer utility displays done when the software upgrade completes.
When the software upgrade completes, the instrument will reboot.
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Figure 51: Sample of transfer.exe window after the upgrade is complete
6. If the instrument did not reboot at the completion of the software upgrade,
remove and then reapply power to the instrument to cause it to reboot.
Verify Software
1. If the instrument did not reboot at the completion of the software upgrade,
cycle the power to the instrument to cause it to reboot.
2. Press the CONFIG button on the front panel.
3. Navigate to Utilities > View HW/SW Version.
4. Verify that the software version number matches the version of the
software-upgrade package you installed.
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Monitoring the SDI Physical Layer
With Option PHY3 installed, your instrument can use an eye pattern display, eye
measurements, a jitter display, jitter detection and measurement, and an SDI status
display to monitor and measure the SDI physical layer.
Display Types
Eye Display. This display allows you to use voltage and time measurement
cursors and their readouts to monitor amplitude and timing measurements
on an Eye waveform. You can configure your instrument to show multiple
Eye displays, each of which is controlled by one of two jitter engines: The
Jitter1 engine controls Eye displays in the top two tiles and the Jitter2 engine
controls Eye displays in the bottom two tiles. The two jitter engines allow you
to set different filter bandwidths in the upper and lower tiles so that you can
monitor both timing and alignment jitter at the same time. There is also a jitter
thermometer in the Eye display that graphically relates the jitter measurement
to alarm limits, and there are readouts that display jitter magnitude.
When displaying the Eye waveform in a single, full-screen tile, the
measurement results and a histogram display are included with the Eye
waveform.
(See page 54, Eye Display.)
Jitter Display. With this display, you can view additional time-domain
information that is useful in separating sources of jitter, whether they are
within a single circuit on a circuit board, or from various pieces of equipment
in a system. This includes jitter components that are synchronous or nearly
synchronous to video line or video frame. These components appear as
stationary or near-stationary artifacts in line or field sweeps and the wave
shape of the jitter as modified by the high-pass filter setting.
(See page 57, Jitter Display.)
SDI Status Display. This display shows two measurements of signal jitter
and cable loss in both dB and meters of the selected cable type, and calculated
source level. Automatic measurements of eye amplitude, rise time, fall time,
overshoot, and rise-fall difference are also displayed. Both the Jitter1 and
Jitter2 thermometers and the Cable Loss thermometer indicate signal loss due
to cable length. With Option PHY3 installed, this display also shows the eye
amplitude, eye risetime, eye falltime, eye risetime overshoot, eye falltime
overshoot, and eye rise-fall delta measurement values.
(See page 78, SDI Status.)
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Configuring Physical Layer Settings
Before you use Eye or SDI Status displays to monitor the SDI physical layer,
you must configure the Eye and physical layer settings. These are initially set to
factory defaults.
To take measurements, select the input you want to monitor and then proceed
with the following steps.
1. Press the CONFIG button to display the configuration menu.
2. Select Readouts.
3. Set Eye to On.
4. Select Physical Layer Settings.
5. Select Cable Type and select the best match for the type of cable that is
connecting the SDI signal to the instrument.
6. Select Jitter1 HP Filter. Select a high-pass filter value for the Jitter1 engine
controlling the top two tiles of the instrument display.
7. Select Jitter2 HP Filter. Select a high-pass filter value for the Jitter2 engine
controlling the bottom two tiles of the instrument display.
NOTE. The Timing filter selection sets the filter value to 10 Hz. The Alignment
filter selection sets the filter value to 1 kHz for SD or 100 kHz for HD.
8. Select Source Level Max and use the General knob to increase or decrease
the setting.
9. Select Source Level Min and use the General knob to increase or decrease
the setting.
NOTE. The maximum value you can select is 1000 mV; the minimum value is
600 mV.
10. Select Eye Display Mode.
11. Select one of the following settings:
Normal. The Eye display shows the SDI input signal directly.
Equalized. The Eye display shows the SDI input signal after it has passed
through the internal cable equalizer and comparator.
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12. Select Equalizer Bypass.
13. Select one of the following settings:
On. Bypass the equalizer when the instrument is connected to a signal
with a short length of cable. This setting minimizes the jitter contributed
by the internal equalizer and is generally used only with signals containing
very low jitter.
NOTE. This setting is not saved in a preset.
Off. Enables the equalizer, which enables operation with typical cable
lengths and reduces jitter due to cable effects. Use this setting for most
signals.
To Set SMPTE 259/292/425 Alarm Thresholds
1. To reset the SMPTE 259 (SD), SMPTE 292 (HD), and SMPTE 425 (3G)
alarm thresholds back to the factory-default values, select Reset Defaults
from the CONFIG > Physical Layer Settings menu and press SEL.
2. To reset only the SD thresholds, HD thresholds, or the 3G thresholds back to
the factory-default values, select SMPTE 259 (SD) Thresholds or SMPTE
292 (HD) Thresholds or SMPTE 425 (3G) Thresholds, depending on which
type of video signal you are monitoring.
3. Select Reset Defaults in the SMPTE submenu and press the SEL button.
4. To set custom threshold levels, select SMPTE 259 (SD) Thresholds, SMPTE
292 (HD) Thresholds, or SMPTE 425 (3G) Thresholds depending on which
type of video signal you are monitoring.
5. Select Jitter1 Level. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the
threshold level for the Jitter1 engine controlling the top two tiles of the
instrument display. The maximum level you can enter is 4.00 UI; the
minimum level is 0.10 UI.
6. Select Jitter2 Level. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the
threshold level for the Jitter2 engine controlling the bottom two tiles of the
instrument display.
7. Select Cable Loss to specify the threshold for signal loss (in dB) due to length
of cable connecting the signal source to the instrument.
8. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the threshold level. The
maximum level you can enter is 30.0 dB; the minimum level is 0.0 dB.
9. Select Cable Length to specify the threshold for the length of the cable (in
meters) connecting the signal source to the instrument.
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10. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the cable length setting. The
maximum length you can enter is 300 meters; the minimum length is 0 meters.
11. Select Eye Amplitude Max. Use the General knob to increase or decrease
the setting. The maximum amplitude you can enter is 1010 mV; the minimum
amplitude is 700 mV.
12. Select Eye Amplitude Min. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the
setting. The maximum amplitude you can enter is 10 mV below the current
Eye Amplitude Max setting; the minimum amplitude is 530 mV.
13. Select Eye Risetime Max. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the
setting. The rise time range for SD is 410 ps to 3000 ps. The rise time range
for HD and 3G is 10 ps to 1000 ps.
14. Select Eye Risetime Min. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the
setting.
15. Select Eye Falltime Max. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the
setting. The fall time range for SD is 410 ps to 3000 ps. The fall time range
for HD and 3G is 10 ps to 1000 ps.
16. Select Eye Falltime Min. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the
setting.
17. Select Eye Rise-Fall Delta. Use the General knob to increase or decrease the
setting. The maximum value you can enter is 1000 ps; the minimum value
is 0 ps.
To Configure Physical Layer Alarms
NOTE. You can read more about alarms in the Configuring Alarms section.
1. From the CONFIG menu, select Alarms > Physical Layer.
2. Press the SEL button.
3. Use the arrow keys and the SEL button to mark the squares for the alarms
you want to monitor.
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To Make Eye Measurements
After you have configured the instrument for Eye measurements, you can have the
instrument perform automatic eye measurements or you can use the cursors to
perform manual waveform measurements. The following procedures explain how
to conduct both measurement types.
NOTE. If you use the measurement cursors to manually measure the eye
waveform, you might get a different result than that shown in the automatic eye
measurements readout. This is because the automatic amplitude measurement
uses histograms to be minimally affected by overshoot, ringing, and noise on
the signal. Similarly, the automatic rise time and fall time measurements use
histograms to find the centers of the distributions of 20% and 80% crossings. The
difference between manual and automatic measurements is usually insignificant
for clean, symmetrical signals.
Eye Measurement Set Up
1. Configure your instrument to monitor the SDI physical layer. (See page 102.)
2. Connect a serial video-signal to your instrument using a 75 Ω cable of two
meters or less in length. Use high-quality, low-loss coaxial cable, such as
Belden8281.
3. Select a tile and press the EYE button.
4. Press the GAIN button to display the gain menu, select VAR Gain, and turn
the GENERAL knob until the vertical gain is x1.00.
NOTE. Use the SWEEP button to change the sweep of the Eye display.
To Make Manual Eye
Measurements
1. Perform the initial setup for Eye measurements. (See page 105, Eye
Measurement Set Up.)
2. Press the CURSOR button to display the measurement cursors.
3. Position one voltage cursor at the top part of the waveform, ignoring any
overshoot or undershoot on the rising or falling edges. (See Figure 52.)
4. Position one voltage cursor at the top part of the waveform, ignoring any
overshoot or undershoot on the rising or falling edges. (See Figure 52.)
5. Note the amplitude of the eye waveform that is displayed in the Voltage
Cursor readout. (See Figure 52.)
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Figure 52: Eye measurement cursor placement
NOTE. Signal-source amplitudes outside ±10% of 800 mVp-p can degrade receiver
performance.
To Manually Measure
Aberrations
1. Perform the initial setup for Eye measurements. (See page 105, Eye
Measurement Set Up.)
2. Press the CURSOR button to display the measurement cursors.
3. Position one voltage cursor at the peak of the overshoot at the top horizontal
part of the waveform. (See Figure 53.)
4. Position the second voltage cursor at the bottom of the top line of the
waveform. Include any ringing (the oscillation following overshoot) in the
measurement. Essentially, you are measuring the thickness of the top line
of the waveform. (See Figure 53.)
5. Note the amplitude of the aberration displayed in the Voltage Cursor readout.
(See Figure 53.)
6. Perform the same voltage-cursor measurement on the bottom line thickness,
including any undershoot and ringing.
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Figure 53: Using cursors to measure aberrations in the Eye pattern
NOTE. Aberrations at the top or bottom line of the waveform should not exceed
10% of the signal amplitude. Automatic equalizer circuits in receivers may be
sensitive to larger aberrations.
To Manually Measure Rise
time Using Variable Gain
1. Perform the initial setup for Eye measurements. (See page 105, Eye
Measurement Set Up.)
2. Press and hold the GAIN button to view the Gain pop-up menu and select
Enable for VAR Gain. Press the GAIN button again to dismiss the pop-up
menu.
3. Use the General knob to resize the waveform to 10 major divisions. Position
the top and bottom of the waveform on graticule lines.
4. Press the CURSOR button to display the measurement cursors.
5. Position the first timing cursor at the crossing of the rising edge of the Eye
waveform and the graticule line two divisions above the bottom of the
waveform. (See Figure 54.)
6. Position the second time cursor at the crossing of the rising edge of the Eye
waveform and the graticule line two divisions below the top of the waveform.
(See Figure 54.)
7. Note the 20 – 80% rise time measurement displayed in the Delta time readout.
(See Figure 54.)
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Figure 54: Measuring rise time using variable gain in Eye
To Make Automatic Eye
Measurements
NOTE. If you use the measurement cursors to manually measure the eye
waveform, you might get a different result than that shown in the automatic eye
measurements readout. This is because the automatic amplitude measurement
uses histograms to be minimally affected by overshoot, ringing, and noise on
the signal. Similarly, the automatic rise time and fall time measurements use
histograms to find the centers of the distributions of 20% and 80% crossings. The
difference between manual and automatic measurements is usually insignificant
for clean, symmetrical signals.
1. Perform the initial setup for Eye measurements. (See page 105, Eye
Measurement Set Up.)
2. Press and hold the STATUS button to display the pop-up menu.
3. Select Display Type and then select SDI Status.
4. Note the Eye waveform measurements in the SDI Status display readouts.
Automatic Eye measurements (and a histogram of the Eye waveform) are
also displayed in the Eye Waveform display when expanded to the single,
full-screen display.
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To Make Jitter Measurements
This section explains the procedures for taking jitter measurements (requires
Option PHY3). After you have configured the instrument for Eye or Jitter
measurements, the instrument is also ready to take jitter measurements using
one of the following displays:
Measurement cursors on the Eye display
SDI Status display
Jitter display
NOTE. Many jitter problems in systems have resulted from genlocking clocks to
other references, such as the horizontal synchronization pulse. Reference jitter
transferred by genlocks into a serial system is typically between 20 and several
hundred Hertz. Also, the phase detection process used by the genlock can add
noise, which results in jitter in the 10 Hz to 1 kHz range. Use the appropriate BW
Limit filter selection to include or reject genlock jitter from a measurement.
The simplest way to measure jitter is to use the jitter readout and jitter
thermometer in the Eye display or SDI Status display. These are derived from
the jitter waveform. For more qualitative jitter information, use the Eye and
Jitter displays to view the presence and magnitude of jitter and its potential for
causing data errors as the eye closes. The Jitter display provides further analysis
information including added time-domain information such as the wave shape of
the jitter and whether there are jitter components that are synchronous or nearly
synchronous to the video line or frame (these components appear as stationary
or near-stationary artifacts in line or field sweeps).
Looking at jitter in both displays can help you separate jitter sources to determine
whether they are within a single circuit on a circuit board or from various pieces
of equipment in a system. If you are planning a composite D/A conversion, select
the 10 Hz bandwidth filter to measure total broadband jitter.
Following is an example displaying a signal with a lot of jitter. (See Figure 55
on page 110.) In the top two tiles, the high-pass filter is set for 10 Hz so that all
jitter above 10 Hz is displayed. In the lower two tiles, the high-pass filter is set
for 100 Hz, removing most of the 30 Hz jitter and leaving the spikes. Both Jitter
displays are set for two-field sweep. The upper Eye display shows a fairly even
jitter spread, which suggests a moderately uniform statistical distribution of jitter.
This jitter is from a sine wave component. Notice that there is no indication of
jitter spikes. In the lower Eye display, the jitter is of a low-density haze, which
suggests a less uniform jitter distribution. This is indicated by the spikes.
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Figure 55: Measuring jitter
To Manually Measure Jitter
NOTE. If you use the measurement cursors to measure jitter, you may get a
different result than that shown in the jitter thermometer for the following reasons:
The internal peak detector does a better job of measuring jitter excursions than
manually positioning the cursor; or The noise floor is removed from the jitter
measurement readout but not from the cursor delta readout.
1. Perform the initial setup for Eye measurements. (See page 105, Eye
Measurement Set Up.)
2. Use the SWEEP button to select the 3 EYE mode, which shows peak jitter
at each eye crossing.
3. Use the Eye pop-up menu to set the jitter high-pass filter to one of the
following:
To measure timing jitter, select the 10 Hz filter for both SD and HD
signals, or select the Timing filter.
To measure alignment jitter, select the 1 kHz filter for SD signals or select
the 100 kHz filter for HD signals, or select the Align filter.
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4. Press the CURSOR button to display the measurement cursors.
5. Position the first timing cursor at the left edge of the zero-crossing point of
the Eye waveform. (See Figure 56.)
NOTE. If necessary, use the Gain and Sweep controls for better vertical and
horizontal resolution. (See page 89, Gain, Sweep, and Magnification.)
6. Position the second timing cursor at the right edge of the zero-crossing point
of the Eye waveform. (See Figure 56.)
7. Check that the Delta readout is less than the following: (See Figure 56.)
SD Signals (per SMPTE 259M)
Timing jitter (10 Hz filter): 740 ps (0.2 unit intervals).
Alignment jitter (1 kHz filter): 740 ps (0.2 unit intervals).
HD Signals (per SMPTE 292M)
Timing jitter (10 Hz filter): 673 ps (1.0 unit intervals).
Alignment jitter (100 kHz filter): 134 ps (0.2 unit intervals).
3 Gb/s Signals (per SMPTE 425M)
Timing jitter (10 Hz filter): 336 ps (1.0 unit intervals).
Alignment jitter (100 kHz filter): 67 ps (0.2 unit intervals).
Figure 56: Using cursors to measure jitter
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Taking Cable Loss Measurements
After you have configured the instrument for Eye measurements, you can take
cable loss measurements using the SDI Status display.
NOTE. The accuracy of the Approx Cable (length) and Source Level readouts
depends strongly on correctly setting the Cable Type and on the quality of the
cable and connections in the signal path. These readouts are derived from the
measured Cable Loss and the specified Cable Type. The Source Level readout of
the SDI Status display indicates the calculated signal amplitude at the signal
source, even when the signal level is greatly reduced at the instrument due to
cable loss. Therefore, the automatic Eye Amplitude measurement (Option PHY3
only) may be significantly less than the indicated Source Level.
1. Perform the initial setup for Eye measurements. (See page 105, Eye
Measurement Set Up.)
2. Press the STATUS button to select the Status display.
3. Press and hold the STATUS button to display the pop-up menu.
4. Use the arrow keys and the SEL button to select the SDI Status display.
5. Use the Cable Loss thermometer and readouts to monitor the cable loss.
(See Figure 57.)
Figure 57: Cable loss information in the SDI Status display
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Alarms
Alarms can be configured so that your instrument automatically monitors
parameters and reports when those parameter limits are exceeded. The procedures
that follow describe how to configure response types for individual alarms, how to
enable them, and how to monitor them.
Alarms may need to be configured in the Configuration menu. They are initially
set to factory defaults. Do the first procedure in this section (if alarm configuration
is needed) before doing the audio monitoring procedures. (See page 141, Audio
Monitoring.)
Possible Alarm Responses
For each available alarm, you can select up to four of the responses listed. If
you do not select a notification method for an error, you will not be notified if
that error occurs.
Screen Text/Icon. An icon appears on the display. This notification method
is disabled when the Configuration menu is open. This option also enables
alarm reporting with color on the Status screen.
Logging. The instrument makes an entry in the Event Log. (See page 60,
Status Displays.)
Beep. The instrument makes an audible alarm.
SNMP Trap. The instrument sends an SNMP trap out the Ethernet port for
a remote notification that an alarm condition occurred. You must enable
and configure the instrument for SNMP control using the Network Settings
submenu of the Configuration menu before SNMP traps can be sent. Refer
to the WFM and WVR Management Information Base (MIB) Technical
Reference for more information about using SNMP alarm notifications.
Ground Closure. The instrument sends a signal out the Remote port for a
remote notification that an alarm condition occurred. You must enable the
Remote Control Port in the Communications submenu of the Configuration
menu before notifications can be sent.
NOTE. You can monitor alarm status. (See page 113, Alarms.)
To Set Allowed Alarm
Responses
This procedure allows you to select what type of alarm response you want for
each alarm category.
1. From the CONFIG menu, select Alarms.
2. Navigate to the alarm category that you want to configure. For example,
Video Format.
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3. Note that the alarms in the category you select appear to the right as you
highlight the alarm category. Press SEL to display a table that allows you to
set the responses for individual alarms.
4. For each alarm listed in the table, select the box to place (or remove) an X
in the box under each response that you want enabled (or disabled) for that
alarm. (See page 113, Possible Alarm Responses.)
5. Navigate to highlight the Return box, and press the SEL button to return
to the Configuration menu.
Repeat these steps to configure other alarm categories.
To Set Alarm Responses
Globally
This procedure allows you to set alarms for all alarm categories to the setting on
the global mask.
1. From the CONFIG menu, select Alarms.
2. Navigate to Set all Alarms to this Mask.
3. Press SEL to display a table for setting the allowed responses for alarm
settings to be applied to all alarm categories.
4. For each alarm listed in the table, select the box to place (or remove) an X
in the box under each response that you want enabled (or disabled) for that
alarm. (See page 113, Possible Alarm Responses.)
5. Navigate to highlight the Return box, and press the SEL button to return
to the Configuration menu.
To Enable Alarms
The channels for which you enable alarms trigger your previously defined alarm
responses. (See page 113, To Set Allowed Alarm Responses.)
1. From the CONFIG menu, select Enable Alarms and toggle it to On. This
turns on all alarms that are individually enabled and provides a quick way to
switch them on and off without changing their individual settings.
2. Also, for Audio inputs, you must enable alarms individually by channels. To
start, select Audio Inputs/Outputs in the CONFIG menu.
3. Select each input shown in the box to individually enable its alarms. AES
A is shown selected.
4. For each of the AES, Analog, and Embedded inputs, select Bar to Input Map
and press the SEL button to display the Bar to Input map menu.
5. Navigate to each box for each alarm that you want to allow. Press the SEL
button to enable it (when enabled, there is an X in the box) or disable it (when
disabled, the box is blank) for each channel displayed.
6. Select the Return box, and press the SEL button to return to the CONFIG
menu.
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7. For Dolby 1 - 4, you must also enable alarms individually. (Requires Option
DPE)
8. Select the Dolby Fmt Expected, Dolby E Pgm Mask and/or Dolby Chan
and configure them as you want.
To Set Limits or
Qualifications
Some alarms require setting a threshold or condition that triggers the alarm.
1. Select Alarm Thresholds in turn, for both the Analog Audio Displays and
Digital Audio Displays.
2. For each selection in the previous step, set the following alarm thresholds
that trigger an alarm when exceeded:
Clip Samples: number of consecutive samples at the all-high level.
Mute Samples: number of consecutive all-zero samples.
Silence Level: The level below which audio is considered not present.
Silence Duration: The length of audio silence time allowed.
Over Level: the too-loud audio level.
3. For Closed Caption related alarms, select Aux Data Settings and then the
desired CC type.
4. Select the required services for the desired CC type and select the CC
channels and/or Text channels for which you want to trigger the CC Services
Missing Alarm.
5. For SDI Gamut display related alarms, select Gamut Thresholds and then
the desired gamut thresholds.
Monitoring Alarms
After defining and enabling alarms, you can quickly check if any error condition
exists by looking (or listening) for the notification you defined (text, icon, logging,
SNMP trap, beep). (See page 22, Status Bar Icons.) Selecting audible response
(Beep) or the Ground Closure output response can help you notice alarms that you
may miss if the notification is text or icon only. The latter can be used to drive a
light or audible alarm when one or more alarms are triggered. (See page 113, To
Set Allowed Alarm Responses.)
To check the condition of a specific alarm, press the STATUS button. In the
Status menu, select Display Type and then select Alarm Status. One or more of
the following appear:
Indicator
Description
Disabled (gray)
Alarm is not selected for reporting, but still
shows if the error is present.
OK (green)
Alarm is enabled for reporting and has not
detected errors for at least 5 seconds.
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Monitoring the SDI Physical Layer
Indicator
Description
Error (yellow)
Alarm condition cleared for less than
5 seconds.
Error (red)
Alarm triggered now.
NOTE. To monitor alarms remotely, use a PC to monitor SNMP traps over the
Ethernet port (the PC must have SNMP trap service installed). Before SNMP
traps can be sent, you must enable and configure the instrument for SNMP control
using the Network Settings submenu of the Configuration menu.
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Checking Chroma/Luma Delay (Lightning Display)
Checking Chroma/Luma Delay (Lightning Display)
The Lightning display can be used for interchannel timing measurements. If the
color-difference signal is not coincident with luma, the transitions between the
color dots will deviate from the center mark of a delay scale. The amount deviated
represents the relative signal delay between luma and the color-difference signal.
1. Connect a signal containing color bar information to an input on the rear panel.
2. Select a tile in which to view the Lightning Display and press and hold the
VECTOR button.
3. In the Vector pop-up menu, select Lightning for the Display Type.
4. Set Bar Targets to match your input signal.
5. Select Center Waveform and press the SEL button to center the waveform.
6. Press the VECT button to close the pop-up menu.
7. Determine where transitions intersect the delay scales and derive the timing
error in nanoseconds, as deflected from the center mark, using the following
guidelines. (See Figure 58.)
The center mark of the nine marks spanning each green-magenta transition
is the zero error point.
Alignment to a mark toward black means the color-difference signal lags
with respect to luma.
Alignment to a mark toward white means the color-difference signal leads
the luma signal.
The upper half of the display measures the Pb to Y timing; the bottom
half measures the Pr to Y timing.
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Checking Chroma/Luma Delay (Lightning Display)
Figure 58: Determining transition intersections in the Lightning display
The + tic marks on the graticule indicate the following timing errors:
Tic Mark
SD Timing Error (ns)
HD Timing Error (ns)
1080p 50, 59.94, 60, 3Gbps (3 Gb/s
and dual link formats) Timing Error
(ns)
0 marks
0
0
0
1st
20
2
1
2nd
40
5
2.5
3rd
74
4th
148
1
2
1
2
13.5
6.75
27
13.5
Luma sample
Chroma sample
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Checking Gamut
Checking Gamut
Signals that are legal and valid in one signal representation may not be legal in
another representation. Specifically, signals which are legal in the Digital YCbCr
representation may not be legal if transcoded to RGB or encoded to NTSC / PAL.
Any signal that fails this test is considered out of gamut.
Adjust Gamut Thresholds from the Configuration menu. From this same menu,
you can also reset some gamut thresholds to default values.
Your instrument supports multiple displays and alarms to detect out-of-gamut
signals. The flexible, tiled display allows you to simultaneously view several
gamut measurements to learn which is most appropriate for a given application.
The displays are and their uses follow:
Diamond for checking that SDI signals conform to legal RGB gamut space
Split Diamond separates the upper and lower diamonds to show excursions
below black; otherwise it is identical to the Diamond display
Arrowhead for checking if an SDI signal is legal for composite color space
Composite Waveform modes for checking both SDI and composite signals
for legality in composite color space
Spearhead for showing lightness, color value, and saturation of the RGB
color space
Diamond, Split Diamond, Arrowhead, and Spearhead have adjustable thresholds.
If the signal goes outside the area defined by the thresholds, the signal is out of
gamut. If these limits are exceeded, then the instrument can generate alarms
if configured to do so. For composite waveforms, the legal limit is simply the
maximum level allowed for the combination of luma and chroma. This limit
depends on the application. For example, a video tape machine may be able to
record and play out signals with higher luma and chroma components than a
transmitter.
To Set Up Gamut Checks
1. Connect a video signal to an input on the rear panel. Make sure to terminate it
properly if it requires termination.
2. Select a tile in which to view the Gamut Display and press and hold the
GAMUT button.
3. In the Gamut pop-up menu, select of the following gamut display types:
Diamond – Use to detect, isolate, and correct RGB component gamut
errors. (See page 120, Checking RGB Gamut.)
Split Diamond – Use to reveal hard-to-find black gamut errors.
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Checking Gamut
Arrowhead – Use to detect composite gamut errors, without employing a
composite encoder.
Spearhead – Use to detect RGB gamut errors.
4. Press the GAMUT button to dismiss the pop-up menu.
5. Press the CONFIG button and select Gamut Thresholds.
6. Set the thresholds as desired.
Checking RGB Gamut
The Diamond and Spearhead displays effectively show how the R, G, and B
signals relate. The Diamond display is good tool for detecting gamut errors.
Spearhead requires Option PROD.
To form the Diamond display, the instrument converts the Y, Pb, and Pr components
recovered from the serial signal to R, G, and B. To predictably display all three
components, they must lie between peak white, 700 mV, and black, 0 V.
For a signal to be in gamut, all signal vectors must lie within the G-B and G-R
diamonds. Conversely, if a signal vector extends outside the diamond, it is out
of gamut. The direction of an excursion out of gamut indicates which signal is
excessive. Errors in green amplitude affect both diamonds equally, while blue
amplitude errors affect only the top diamond and red errors affect only the bottom
diamond. (See Figure 59.)
Figure 59: Diamond display plot
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Checking Gamut
Set the thresholds for gamut. (See page 119, To Set Up Gamut Checks.) After
selecting the Diamond display, compare the signal to the display to determine
out-of-gamut components. Note the following:
The intensity of a vector indicates its duration.
A momentary out-of-gamut condition appears as a faint trace. Long duration
violations show as a bright trace.
When evaluating out-of-gamut components, consider the following examples.
(See Figure 60.)
Example A:
R - Ok
G > 700 mV
B - Ok
Example B:
R - Ok
G - Ok
B > 700 mV
Example C:
R - Ok
G - Ok, 350 mV
B < 0 mV
Figure 60: Out-of-gamut examples
Usage Notes
As with the lightning display, bending of the transitions indicates timing delays.
When a color bar signal is applied, the vertical axis becomes an indicator of
delay errors.
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Checking Gamut
On the Diamond display, monochrome signals appear as vertical lines. Nonlinear
component processing, such as from a gamma corrector that alters white balance,
can cause deviations along the vertical axis.
To isolate gamut bright-ups, try the following:
Use the LINE SEL button to select individual lines
Use the PICT display to examine the signal (turn on gamut bright-ups in the
Display Settings submenu of the Configuration menu)
Use the Diamond Area or Arrowhead Area settings (found in the Gamut
Thresholds submenu of the Configuration menu) to specify a percentage of the
image pixels to ignore for gamut violations. The Gamut bright-ups, however,
will continue to indicate all Gamut violations.
Checking Composite Gamut
The Arrowhead gamut display plots luminance (Y) against chrominance (C)
to check if the composite signal adheres to standard gamut. NTSC and PAL
Arrowhead displays (75% Color bars) and indicates the values of the graticule
lines. The arrowhead shape of the graticule results from overlaying the standard
limits for luminance and luminance-plus-peak chrominance. (See Figure 61.)
Figure 61: Arrowhead gamut display plots
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Checking Gamut
Set the thresholds for gamut. (See page 119, To Set Up Gamut Checks.) After
selecting the Arrowhead display, compare the signal to the display to determine
out-of-gamut composite components. Note the following:
Signals exceeding the luminance amplitude gamut extend above the top
horizontal limit (top electronic graticule line).
Signals exceeding the luminance plus peak chrominance amplitude gamut
extend beyond the upper and lower diagonal limits.
The bottom horizontal line shows the minimum allowed luminance level. 0 or
7.5 IRE for NTSC and 0 mV for PAL.
Usage Notes
To automate this check, do the procedure Automating Gamut Checks. (See
page 123.)
Checking Luma Gamut
Luma limit thresholds can be configured for identifying luma exceeding threshold
limits. They apply to both the incoming SDI and to the Arrowhead representation
of the SDI input as a composite signal. By defining these levels in percent, they
automatically account for the presence or absence of setup. The thresholds are
affected by your choice of set-up or no set-up for the Arrowhead display.
Set the thresholds for gamut. (See page 119, To Set Up Gamut Checks.) After
selecting the Arrowhead display, compare the signal to the display to determine
out-of-gamut luminance. Note the following:
The adjustable thresholds are indicated by the dark blue horizontal graticule
lines.
The thresholds are defined in terms of percent of full scale.
The range for the Upper limit is 90% to 108%.
The range to the Lower Limit is -6% to +5%.
Another useful Arrowhead function is a measure of how well the active video
signal is using the dynamic range of the video channel. A properly adjusted signal
should be centered in the arrowhead graticule and have transitions that approach
all the limits.
Automating Gamut Checks
You can use alarms to automatically monitor for out-of-gamut conditions.
1. Check that Gamut thresholds are configured as you want them. (See page 119,
To Set Up Gamut Checks.)
2. Press the CONFIG button to display the Configuration menu.
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Checking Gamut
3. Select Alarms and then Video Content. A dialog box appears where you can
select for the various Video Content alarms.
4. Use the up/down arrow keys to move to each of the alarms that you want to
set. Press the SEL button to toggle the alarm on (X) or off.
5. When you have configured the Alarms as you want them, move to the Select
here box and select it.
6. Back in the Alarms menu, check that Enable Alarms is set to On before
exiting the Alarms menu.
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ARIB Displays
ARIB Displays
Your instrument supports conformance to ARIB data standards contained in the
signal source. You need to enable the ARIB displays from the Configuration
menu in the Aux Data Settings submenu. ARIB information is contained in the
following status screen displays:
ARIB Status
ARIB STD-B.39 Display
ARIB STD-B.37 Display
ARIB STD-B.35 Display
ARIB TR-B.23 (1) Display
ARIB TR-B.23 (2) Display
ARIB TR-B.22 Display
The following DID and SDID values are defined for common types of
ARIB-compliant data.
DID and SDID values for common ARIB data types
Ancillary data type
DID
value
SDID
value
ARIB TR-B.22, Sub Information of transmitting materials
0x5F
0xE0
ARIB TR-B.23, Line 20 User Data - 1
0x5F
0xFC
ARIB TR-B.23, Line 20 User Data - 2
0x5F
0xFB
ARIB STD-B.35 Trigger Signal for Data Broadcasting
0x5F
0xFD
ARIB STD-B.37 Closed Captioning
Analog signal
SD signal
HD signal
0x5F
0x5F
0x5F
0xDD
0xDE
0xDF
ARIB STD-B.39 Inter Stationary Control Data
ARIB specification
ITU specification
0x5F
0x43
0xFE
0x01
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ARIB Displays
ARIB Status
The ARIB Status display is a status summary screen for the signal. (See
Figure 62.)
Figure 62: ARIB Status display, showing no data present
Use the ARIB Status display with the other specific ARIB Display screens to
quickly determine if the data you are interested in is present in the signal. If the
data is present, use the STATUS > ARIB Display menu to select the specific
ARIB data packet type to view.
The ARIB Status display shows the presence (or absence) of each of the following
supported standards (STD) or technical reports (TR):
Transmitting station code (unique identification code of the transmitting
station)
Transmitting station time (time of broadcast from the transmitting station)
ARIB STD-B.39 (inter-stationary control data)
ARIB STD-B.37 (closed caption data)
ARIB STD-B.35 (trigger signal data)
ARIB TR-B.23 (1) (guidelines for inter-stationary control data transport,
group 1)
ARIB TR-B.23 (2) (guidelines for inter-stationary control data transport,
group 2)
ARIB TR-B.22 (guidelines for ancillary data transport)
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ARIB Displays
Also, the status of the following ITU standard is shown:
ITU.R BT-1685 (inter-stationary Control Data conveyed by ancillary data
packets)
ARIB STD-B.39 Display
The ARIB STD-B.39 display shows the decoded data for video signals using
ancillary data compliant with ARIB STD-B.39. (See Figure 63.) When this
display is selected, the instrument searches the signal for ARIB STD-B.39 packets
using the DID/SDID combinations defined by either the ITU or ARIB standards
organizations.
Figure 63: ARIB STD-B.39 display (with the associated ARIB Status display)
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ARIB Displays
The decoded ancillary data includes the following:
DID - Data Identifier of the requested inter-stationary control packet; can be
any of the following:
ARIB specification - 0x5F
ITU Specification - 0x43
Type - Type of the ANC Data packet. For ARIB B.39, this is always a Type 2
packet (DID less than 0x80), as defined by SMPTE 291M. The actual value
(with parity bits added) is displayed in parentheses.
SDID - Secondary Data Identifier of the requested interstationary control
packet; can be any of the following:
ARIB specification - 0xFE
ITU Specification - 0x01
Line - The line of the video (within the field) from which the packet was
acquired.
Stream - For HD (SMPTE 292M), indicates whether the ancillary packet was
acquired from the Y or C data streams. For SD, N/A is displayed.
Status - Indicates whether packet(s) of the desired type are present in the
video; also indicates Checksum or CRC errors.
Checksum - Indicates the checksum word that was recovered from the
acquired packet.
Should be - Indicates the checksum word computed by the instrument, based
on the packet data.
Format - Indicates the name of the ancillary data type or standard.
Inter-Station Ctrl Header - A header byte indicating packet continuity, and the
presence or absence of the error correcting code.
Transmitting Station Code - The name of the transmitting station. The
instrument supports the display of Japanese characters.
Transmitting Station Time - The broadcast time at the transmitting station.
Current Video Mode - The video format of the current program.
Next Video Mode - The video format of the next scheduled programming.
Video Mode Countdown - A countdown timer indicating an upcoming change
in video mode, which counts down from 254 (0xFE). A value of 0xFF
indicates that no format change is pending within the next several seconds.
Current Downmix/Audio Mode - Indicates the audio downmix and soundstage
configuration of the current program.
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ARIB Displays
Next Downmix/Audio Mode - Indicates the audio downmix and soundstage
configuration of the next scheduled program.
Audio Mode Countdown - A countdown timer indicating an upcoming
change in audio mode, which counts down from 254 (0xFE). A value of 0xFF
indicates that no format change is pending within the next several seconds.
Trigger Bits (Q8..Q1 Q16..Q9) - Together with trigger bits Q24..Q17
Q32..Q25, 32 bits that can be used to indicate changes in the program; usage
is user-defined.
Trigger Bits (Q24..Q17 Q32..Q25) - Together with trigger bits Q8..Q1
Q16..Q9; 32 bits that can be used to indicate changes in the program; usage is
user-defined.
Trigger Counter - Increments when bits Q1-Q4 go from 0 to 1. Wraps from
254 (0xFE) to zero. Value of 0xFF indicates the trigger counter is not used.
Trigger Countdown - A countdown timer indicating an upcoming change in
trigger bits Q1-Q4, which counts down from 254 (0xFE). A value of 0xFF
indicates that no format change is pending within the next several seconds.
Status Bits (S8..S1 S16..S9) - 16 user-defined status bits.
Error Correcting Code - A six-word, Reed-Solomon error correcting code,
which is used to verify the integrity of the ARIB B.39 or ITU-R BT.1685
packet.
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ARIB Displays
ARIB STD-B.37 Display and Status Screens
The ARIB STD-B.37 display shows the decoded data for video signals using
ancillary data compliant with ARIB STD-B.37. (See Figure 64.) When this
display is selected, the instrument searches the signal for ARIB STD-B.37 packets
using the DID/SDID combinations defined by ARIB.
Figure 64: ARIB STD-B.37 display (with the associated ARIB Status display)
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ARIB Displays
The decoded ancillary data includes the following:
DID - Data Identifier of the requested closed captioning packet; can be any
of the following:
Analog signal - 0x5F
SD Signal - 0x5
HD Signal - 0x5F
SDID - Secondary Data Identifier of the requested packet; can be any of the
following:
Analog signal - 0xDD
SD Signal - 0xDE
HD Signal - 0xDF
Mobile signal - 0xDC
Field/Line - The field or line of the video from which the packet was acquired.
Displays 1 for progressive formats.
NOTE. The Line field turns red if the ARIB B.37 packets are not on the line
as defined by ARIB TR-B.23.
Format - Indicates the name of the ancillary data type or standard.
Header 1st - Displays the first of four User Data Words of the corresponding
packet, in binary.
Header 2nd - Displays the second of four User Data Words of the
corresponding packet, in binary.
Header 3rd - Displays the third of four User Data Words of the corresponding
packet, in binary.
Header 4th - Displays the last of four User Data Words of the corresponding
packet, in binary.
ECC Status - Indicates the presence or absence of the Error Correcting Code
information in the payload.
Format ID - Indicates whether the packet is for HD, SD, Analog, or Mobile
captions.
Language - Indicates the language code (1st through 8th) of the packet.
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ARIB Displays
CC Data ID - Indicates the CC Data ID of the packet. Can be one of the
following:
Exchange Format CC
Exchange Format PMI
Exchange Format Page 1
Exchange Format Page 2
Short Form Management Data
Short Form Text
Undefined or Dummy Data
Set Mode - Mode can be either Sequential or Buffer.
Packet Flags - Indicates whether the packet is Leading, End, Intermediate,
or Single.
Checksum - Indicates the checksum word that was recovered from the
acquired packet.
Placement - Can display either OK or ERROR, indicating whether the ARIB
B.37 packets are present in the allowable configuration(s) specified in ARIB
TR-B.23.
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ARIB Displays
ARIB STD-B.35 Display and Status Screens
The ARIB STD-B.35 display shows the decoded data for video signals using
ancillary data compliant with ARIB STD-B.35. (See Figure 65.) When this
display is selected, the instrument searches the signal for ARIB STD-B.35 packets
using the DID/SDID combinations defined by ARIB.
Figure 65: ARIB STD-B.35 display (with the associated ARIB Status display)
The decoded ancillary data includes the following:
DID - Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values range from 1
to 0xFF (255) inclusive.
Type - Type of the ANC Data packet. For ARIB B.35, this is always a Type 2
packet (DID less than 0x80), as defined by SMPTE 291M. The actual value
(with parity bits added) is displayed in parentheses.
SDID - Secondary Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values
range from 0 through 0xFF (255) inclusive. This field only appears when
a Type 2 packet is selected (see above). The actual value (with parity bits
added) is displayed in parentheses.
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ARIB Displays
DC - Data Count word of the acquired packet. The number of User Data
words is displayed in decimal. The actual value (with parity bits added) is
displayed in parenthesis, in hexadecimal.
Field - The field of the video from which the packet was acquired. Displays 1
for progressive formats.
Line - The line of the video (within the field) from which the packet was
acquired.
Stream - For HD (SMPTE 292M), indicates whether the ancillary packet was
acquired from the Y or C data streams. Displays N/A for SD.
Status - Indicates whether packet(s) of the desired type are present in the
video; also indicates Checksum or CRC errors.
Checksum - Indicates the checksum word that was recovered from the
acquired packet.
Should be - Indicates the checksum word computed by the instrument, based
on the packet data.
Format - Indicates the name of the ancillary data type or standard.
User Data Words - Contains the payload of the ancillary packet, displayed in
hexadecimal. Displays all 10 bits.
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ARIB Displays
ARIB TR-B.23 (1) Display and Status Screens
The ARIB TR-B.23 (1) display shows the decoded data for video signals using
ancillary data compliant with ARIB TR-B.23 (1). (See Figure 66.) When this
display is selected, the instrument searches the signal for ARIB TR-B.23 (1)
packets using the DID/SDID combinations defined by ARIB.
Figure 66: ARIB TR-B.23 (1) display (with the associated ARIB Status display)
The decoded ancillary data includes the following:
DID - Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values range from 1
to 0xFF (255) inclusive.
Type - Type of the ANC Data packet. For ARIB TR-B.23-1, this is always a
Type 2 packet (DID less than 0x80), as defined by SMPTE 291M. The actual
value (with parity bits added) is displayed in parentheses.
SDID - Secondary Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values
range from 0 through 0xFF (255) inclusive. This field only appears when
a Type 2 packet is selected (see above). The actual value (with parity bits
added) is displayed in parentheses.
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ARIB Displays
DC - Data Count word of the acquired packet. The number of User Data
words is displayed in decimal. The actual value (with parity bits added) is
displayed in parenthesis, in hexadecimal.
Field - The field of the video from which the packet was acquired. Displays 1
for progressive formats.
Line - The line of the video (within the field) from which the packet was
acquired.
Stream - For HD (SMPTE 292M), indicates whether the ancillary packet was
acquired from the Y or C data streams. Displays N/A for SD.
Status - Indicates whether packet(s) of the desired type are present in the
video; also indicates Checksum or CRC errors.
Checksum - Indicates the checksum word that was recovered from the
acquired packet.
Should be - Indicates the checksum work computed by the instrument, based
on the packet data.
Format - Indicates the name of the ancillary data type or standard.
User Data Words - Contains the payload of the ancillary packet, displayed in
hexadecimal. Displays all 10 bits.
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ARIB Displays
ARIB TR-B.23 (2) Display and Status Screens
The ARIB TR-B.23 (2) display shows the decoded data for video signals using
ancillary data compliant with ARIB TR-B.23 (2). (See Figure 67.) When this
display is selected, the instrument searches the signal for ARIB TR-B.23 (2)
packets using the DID/SDID combinations defined by ARIB.
Figure 67: ARIB TR-B.23 (2) display (with the associated ARIB Status display)
The decoded ancillary data includes the following:
DID - Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values range from 1
to 0xFF (255) inclusive.
Type - Type of the ANC Data packet. For ARIB TR-B.23-2, this is always a
Type 2 packet (DID less than 0x80), as defined by SMPTE 291M. The actual
value (with parity bits added) is displayed in parentheses.
SDID - Secondary Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values
range from 0 through 0xFF (255) inclusive. This field only appears when
a Type 2 packet is selected (see above). The actual value (with parity bits
added) is displayed in parentheses.
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ARIB Displays
DC - Data Count word of the acquired packet. The number of User Data
words is displayed in decimal. The actual value (with parity bits added) is
displayed in parenthesis, in hexadecimal.
Field - The field of the video from which the packet was acquired. Displays 1
for progressive formats.
Line - The line of the video (within the field) from which the packet was
acquired.
Stream - For HD (SMPTE 292M), indicates whether the ancillary packet was
acquired from the Y or C data streams. Displays N/A for SD.
Status - Indicates whether packet(s) of the desired type are present in the
video; also indicates Checksum or CRC errors.
Checksum - Indicates the checksum word that was recovered from the
acquired packet.
Should be - Indicates the checksum work computed by the instrument, based
on the packet data.
Format - Indicates the name of the ancillary data type or standard.
User Data Words - Contains the payload of the ancillary packet, displayed in
hexadecimal. Displays all 10 bits.
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ARIB Displays
ARIB TR-B.22 Display and Status Screens
The ARIB TR-B.22 display shows the decoded data for video signals using
ancillary data compliant with ARIB TR-B.22. (See Figure 68.) When this display
is selected, the instrument searches the signal for ARIB TR-B.22 packets using
the DID/SDID combinations defined by ARIB.
Figure 68: ARIB TR-B.22 display (with the associated ARIB Status display)
The decoded ancillary data includes the following:
DID - Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values range from 1
to 0xFF (255) inclusive.
Type - Type of the ANC Data packet. For ARIB TR-B.22, this is always a
Type 2 packet (DID less than 0x80), as defined by SMPTE 291M. The actual
value (with parity bits added) is displayed in parentheses.
SDID - Secondary Data Identifier of the requested packet; permissible values
range from 0 through 0xFF (255) inclusive. This field only appears when
a Type 2 packet is selected (see above). The actual value (with parity bits
added) is displayed in parentheses.
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ARIB Displays
DC - Data Count word of the acquired packet. The number of User Data
words is displayed in decimal. The actual value (with parity bits added) is
displayed in parenthesis, in hexadecimal.
Field - The field of the video from which the packet was acquired. Displays 1
for progressive formats.
Line - The line of the video (within the field) from which the packet was
acquired.
Stream - For HD (SMPTE 292M), indicates whether the ancillary packet was
acquired from the Y or C data streams. Displays N/A for SD.
Status - Indicates whether packet(s) of the desired type are present in the
video; also indicates Checksum or CRC errors.
Checksum - Indicates the checksum word that was recovered from the
acquired packet.
Should be - Indicates the checksum work computed by the instrument, based
on the packet data.
Format - Indicates the name of the ancillary data type or standard.
User Data Words - Contains the payload of the ancillary packet, displayed in
hexadecimal. Displays all 10 bits.
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Audio Monitoring
Your instrument provides several methods for monitoring audio signals. It
can measure levels, monitor phase, display phase correlation, and monitor
surround-sound audio. You can specify meter ballistics and scales, set test and
peak program indicator levels, and specify how phase is displayed.
NOTE. The audio monitoring features described in this chapter require that the
appropriate audio options are installed. For a list of the options currently installed
on your instrument, press the CONFIG button. In the configuration menu, select
Utilities. The View Instruments Options entry lists the installed options.
Configuring Audio Inputs
Audio inputs come set to factory defaults. As a result, you may need to configure
them before performing the audio monitoring procedures in this section. The
first procedure helps you configure the inputs. After you have completed that
procedure, check that the alarms are configured as you want them. Your setup
here determines, in part, which audio-signal characteristics are displayed.
To Set Up an Audio Input
1. Press the CONFIG button to display the configuration menu.
2. Select Audio Inputs/Outputs and select the input to be configured.
3. Select from Srnd (Surround) for a 5.1 or 5.1+2 type display, or Pairs for a
stereo with SAP and discrete channels type installation.
4. Select Bar to Input Map and select which input pair should be displayed
in each bar pair.
5. Select which inputs are allowed to generate alarms.
6. Select the box to return to the Configuration menu.
7. Select the Analog Output Map in the Configuration menu.
8. In the dialog box that appears, select which inputs (if any) to route to the
analog outputs.
9. Select the box to return to the Configuration menu.
10. Repeat these sets for any other Audio inputs.
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Audio Monitoring
Selecting Audio Inputs
You select the audio input to be monitored from the front-panel AUDIO button
pop-up menu. Note that the Audio display can appear in only one tile at a time.
1. Select a tile.
2. Press and hold the Audio button to open the Audio display in a tile and pop
up the Audio menu.
3. Use the Arrow Keys and SEL button to make selections in the steps that
follow.
4. Select Audio Input and then select one of the audio input options shown.
NOTE. The available selections depend on the installed audio option. Selecting
Follows Video selects the audio to video mapping set in the configuration menu.
(See page 141, Configuring Audio Inputs.)
To Check Audio Level and Phase
Level meters are vertical bar graphs on which the height of the bar indicates the
amplitude of the audio program in the corresponding input channel. Use the
Audio pop-up menu to change the input and turn on and off the Phase display.
Other meter characteristics such as ballistics, scale units, and program and test
levels are configured through the Configuration menu.
If your instrument is equipped with optional audio features, it can display phase
of one input pair as a Lissajous pattern, and display relative phase on all four
pairs of inputs with correlation meters.
To Check Audio Level
1. Open the audio display in one tile and select an input. (See page 141, To Set
Up an Audio Input.)
2. Check the level meter bars for current audio levels, which are displayed
according to the selected meter ballistics. Each bar displays three colors.
(See Figure 69.)
Green – Indicates audio levels below the test level
Yellow – Indicates audio levels between the test and peak program level
Red – Indicates audio levels above the peak program level
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Figure 69: Audio levels
To Check Audio Phase
1. Select Aux Display.
2. Select Phase Display to turn it on.
3. Select the Phase Style. Choose either a Lissajous Soundstage or X-Y
orientation for the Lissajous signal.
4. Select the phase pair to be displayed, or select Custom and select independent
channels using the Phase Channel A and Phase Channel B entries.
5. Set the Audio Input to match the signal that you are checking (or use the
Audio Follows Video mode set in the CONFIG menu).
6. Check for Phase correlation of the signals, noting the following: (See
Figure 70.)
Phase correlation meters are located under the appropriate bars and one is
duplicated under the phase display.
For identical and correlated signals, the indicator is white and moves to
the right side.
For highly correlated signals, the indicator is green and moves to the right
side.
For uncorrelated signals, the indicator is yellow and tends to stay in the
middle.
For anticorrelated signals (one goes up when the other goes down), the
indicator is red and moves to the left side.
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Audio Monitoring
Figure 70: Checking for phase correlation
Usage Notes
The Lissajous or phase display is a plot of one channel against another on
an orthogonal pair of axes.
Soundstage plots the two channels at 45 degree angles, with the mono
combination appearing on the vertical axis– like a left-right image in a studio.
X-Y plots left-channel data on the vertical axis and right channel data on the
horizontal axis, emulating the X-Y display of an oscilloscope.
The following response times of the correlation meters can be set from the
Configuration menu.
144
Speed
setting
Response averaging time
(s)
Speed
setting
Response averaging time
(s)
1
0.0167
11
3.0
2
0.0333
12
3.5
3
0.0667
13
4.0
4
0.1333
14
4.5
5
0.2667
15
5.0
6
0.5333
16
5.5
7
1.0
17
6.0
8 (default)
1.5
18
6.5
9
2.0
19
7.0
10
2.5
20
7.5
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Audio Monitoring
To Check Surround Sound
Your instrument can also display the surround sound listening environment. The
following procedures help you get started.
1. Open the audio display in one tile and select the input containing the surround
audio. (See page 141, To Set Up an Audio Input.)
2. Select Aux Display and then select Surround Sound Display. Press SEL or
the right-arrow key to turn the phase display on.
3. Set the Audio Input to match the signal that you are checking.
NOTE. If you want the level bars labeled with their surround sound channel
names instead of channel numbers, select Srnd (Surround) when you configure
the audio inputs. (See page 141.)
You can also set the Dolby Listening mode. (See page 149.)
4. Set the surround Dominance indicator to ON or OFF.
5. Set the Loudness Filter to the type preferred. A-Weighting biases the
response toward that of human hearing.
6. Use the level bar display to monitor level control. (See page 142, To Check
Audio Level.)
7. Use the surround display to monitor relative loudness of the individual
elements rendered in a surround-sound listening environment. Check the
surround sound display for performance parameters and indicators. (See
Figure 71.)
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Audio Monitoring
Figure 71: Surround sound indicators
NOTE. The Audio Surround Sound display is courtesy of Radio-Technische
Werkstaetten GmbH & Co. KG (RTW) of Cologne, Germany.
Elements of the Surround
Sound Display
The Level Indicators – indicates the audio level balance among the left (L),
right (R), left-surround (Ls), and right-surround (Rs) channels as cyan lines
on the Loudness Grid.
The Loudness Grid – the ruled scale, radiating from the center, on which the
level indicators register their audio level and balance. The scale has tic marks
at 10 dB intervals. An additional tic mark indicates the -18 dB level. The
-18 dB and -20 dB levels are typically used for aligning audio levels.
Total Volume Indicator – the cyan polygon formed by connecting the level
indicator end points, showing the total sound volume of the L, R, Ls, and
Rs channels. Each connecting line bends away from the center if the two
signals have a positive correlation, bends toward the center if the signals have
a negative correlation, and do not bend if the signals are uncorrelated.
The Center Volume indicator – displays the sound volume of the center
channel as a vertical yellow bar between the L and R channels, and connects
the ends of the L, C, and R audio level indicators with straight lines.
Channel-Pair Phantom Sound Indicators (PSIs) – located on each side of the
Surround Sound display, indicates the location of potential phantom sound
sources formed by adjacent channels. The white tic marks on these moving
bar indicators show the phantom source locations. The bar length indicates
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Audio Monitoring
the correlation between the adjacent channels. A short-to-medium length
green bar indicates positive correlation between the channels, forming a
localized phantom sound source located at the white tic mark. The bar grows
to full length and changes color to yellow as the correlation moves to zero,
indicating a wide, non-localized sound image. The bar changes color to red
for adjacent channels with significant negative correlation. For negative
correlations, the ends of the PSI for the L and R channels continue to grow at
a 45° angle while the other PSIs remain at full length.
Center-Pairs Phantom Sound Indicator – a fifth PSI at the top of the display
shows potential phantom sources formed by the LC channel pair and the CR
channel pair. If the L, R, and C channels all have the same signal level, the
white tic mark on the bar appears directly above the C level indicator. The
white tic mark moves right or left depending on the relative balance between
the three channels. A short bar to the left of the white tic mark indicates
a positive correlation between L and C. The bar grows as the correlation
decreases. Like the L-R PSI, the bar continues to grow at a 45° angle for
negative signal correlations. The bar to the right of the white tic mark behaves
similarly, depending on the C-R correlation. This PSI indicator uses the same
color coding as the other PSI indicators.
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Audio Monitoring
Usage Notes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
148
The displays shown here are examples of how the surround sound waveform
appears for some typical signal types.
Uncorrelated signals: same level in the L, C, R,
Ls, and Rs channels.
Sine wave test tone: same level in the L,C, R,
Ls, and Rs channels. All signals are in phase,
creating phantom sources between the adjacent
channels.
Same as 2, with the exception that Channel L is
out of phase.
Surround sound program with strong center
channel presence.
Surround sound program with weak center
channel presence.
Monaural signal in channels Ls and Rs, creating a
phantom source in the center, as in a 3.1 surround
sound system.
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Audio Monitoring
To Monitor Dolby Based Surround Sound
If your instrument has Dolby monitoring capabilities (Option DPE), it can decode
and monitor audio signals that are based on Dolby digital surround sound formats.
These formats are Dolby D (AC-3 ) compression (designed for distribution) and/or
Dolby E compression (designed for production). You can specify and configure
the Dolby input sources, measure signal levels and monitor phase between Dolby
components, and display these relations in the Audio display.
NOTE. For a list of the options that are installed on your instrument, press the
CONFIG button. In the configuration menu, select the Utilities submenu. The
View Instrument Options entry lists the options installed on your instrument.
To Configure Dolby Inputs
Like other inputs, the Dolby inputs that you select and monitor from the Audio
display might need to be configured before you use them. They are initially set
to factory defaults, which you can restore by pressing the FACTORY button on
the instrument front-panel. The first procedure in this section helps you configure
these inputs. After you have completed that procedure, check that the alarms are
configured as you want them. Your setup here determines, in part, the Dolby
audio-signal characteristics displayed.
To Set Up Dolby Input Parameters.
1. Select Audio Inputs/Outputs from the CONFIG menu.
2. Select the Dolby input that you want to configure (one of Dolby 1 - Dolby 4).
The Dolby parameters for the selected Dolby input are now displayed; select
each parameter in turn and set up as described in the following steps.
3. Select Dolby Source and choose the embedded or AES input signal pair as
the signal source to be decoded for the Dolby input selected in step 2.
4. Select Format Expected and choose the format condition that, when missing,
triggers the Dolby Format Alarm.
NOTE. The instrument auto-selects and decodes the Dolby Format.
5. Select Analog Output Map and specify which inputs (if any) are routed to
the analog outputs in the map that appears.
6. Select the AES B Output Map and assign specific bar pairs to the AES B
outputs in the map that appears. (The AES B bank must be configured as
outputs.)
NOTE. When a Dolby input is active, channel labels (L, R, Ls, and so on) appear
in addition to the channel numbers.
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Audio Monitoring
7. Select the Return box to close the map.
8. Select Dolby D Input and select the AES channel for Dolby content in which
the subframes carry two Dolby streams (in Dolby Professional 16-bit mode).
9. Select Dolby D Input and select the stream for Dolby Content in which there
can be multiple Dolby Digital streams embedded.
10. Select Dolby E Pgm Mask (Dolby E Program Mask), and navigate to each
box for each program. Press the SEL button to toggle to Allow Alarm (X) or
not (blank).
11. Select the Return box to close the map.
12. Select Dolby Chan Mask, and choose which Dolby channels (L, R, C, Lfe,
and so on) can trigger alarms based on the decoded content.
13. Select the Return box to close the map.
14. Select Dolby E Input, and select the program from which the downmix is
derived.
NOTE. Although 8 programs are listed, the number active depends on the Dolby
E Program Configuration detected in the metadata of the Dolby input. (See
page 158, Audio Bar Mapping versus Dolby E Metadata Program Configuration.)
15. Set AES Ref Enable to Disable or Enable. If enabled, and the Dolby Source
is set to an AES input, the instrument triggers the AES Frame Sync Alarm if
the AES input is not locked to the AES reference.
16. Repeat the above procedure for other Dolby inputs, as needed.
To Set up Dolby Global
Parameters
The following procedure sets parameters that apply to all four Dolby inputs.
1. Select Audio Inputs/Outputs from the CONFIG menu.
2. Select Dolby D (AC-3) Setup and make the following settings. The settings
apply to the input when Dolby D is detected for Dolby inputs.
3. Select the Dolby D Listening Mode, which controls how the Dolby sound
channels map to the level bars and surround-sound elements in the Audio
Display and outputs.
4. Choose Full or a mode to which you want to downmix.
NOTE. Dolby content of the signal at the Dolby input must be sufficient to
downmix to the mode selected or the setting has no effect.
5. Select Dialnorm&DynRng.
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6. Select Off or choose Dialnorm Only, Dialnorm+RF, or Dialnorm+Line.
RF and Line are modes of Dynamic Range Control (compression) factors that
are applied when decoding Dolby content for monitoring or output.
7. Select Downmix Dynamic Rng.
8. Toggle to Line or RF. These Dynamic Range Control (compression) factors
are applied when downmixing to the various Dolby D Listening Modes.
9. Select Dolby E Setup. The settings you make apply to the input when Dolby
E content is detected for the Dolby input selected.
10. Select Dialnorm and toggle to On or OFF. When On, the dialog
normalization is applied to the audio bars and the analog and digital outputs.
11. Select Pulldown Decoding and toggle to On or OFF. When On, pulldown
decoding is applied to the audio bars and the analog and digital outputs.
12. Select Guardband Limits for either SD/Cpst or HD/DL/3G. If you select
Custom, you can then set the line maximum and minimum. In the CONFIG >
Audio Inputs/Outputs > Dolby E Setup menu, you can configure guardband
limits.
NOTE. Dolby E Guardband allows you to set the Dolby E frame location
threshold. You can disable the alarm or customize the threshold.
Figure 72: Dolby surround sound display
13. View the Dolby Guardband thermometer, which is located at the bottom of
the Audio display. The thermometer is green for levels that fall within the
limits you have set. (See Figure 45.)
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Audio Monitoring
14. Select Downmix Mode. Each downmix mode combines multiple separate
audio channels into a mix that provides compatibility for users with only
mono or stereo systems, or with older analog surround sound systems.
15. Choose one of the following modes to display as two bars in the Audio
Display:
Select None to get no downmix.
Select Mono to get the downmix shown.
Choose one of the following modes to display as two bars in the Audio Display:
Select None to get no downmix.
Select Mono to get a mono
downmix.
Select Lo/Ro (Left-only/Right only)
to get a standard stereo downmix.
Select Lt/Rt (Left-total/Right-total)
to get a Dolby Pro-Logic compatible
stereo mix.
To Display Dolby Inputs
152
After you have configured a Dolby input, you can display its levels and other
characteristics in the Audio Display. (See page 149, To Configure Dolby Inputs.)
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Audio Monitoring
1. Select a tile.
2. Press and hold the Audio button to display the Audio menu.
3. Select Audio Input and select one of Dolby 1 through Dolby 4.
The audio display for monitoring Dolby displays the following. (See Figure 73.)
Figure 73: Audio display for Dolby
Level bars for Dolby channels. The selected Listening Mode determines the
channels/bars shown.
Levels bars for the selected Dolby Downmix mode.
Dolby setup information. (See page 153, Dolby Display Readout.)
Dolby Listening environment display. (See page 146, Elements of the
Surround Sound Display .)
Dolby Guardband thermometer to monitor if guardband thresholds are being
exceeded.
Dolby Display Readout
The Dolby Display readout shows the following. (See Figure 74.)
1. The selected Dolby input.
2. The selected Dolby Source for the input.
3. The Coding (Channel) Mode.
4. The Listening Mode setting.
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153
Audio Monitoring
Figure 74: Dolby display readout
To View Dolby Metadata
If your instrument has Option DPE installed, it can decode and display selected
metadata parameters present in the Dolby D, Dolby E bitstream, or in the vertical
ancillary data in a Dolby Audio Status screen. To display the data for the currently
selected input, do the following procedure:
1. Press and hold the STATUS button to view the Status pop-up menu.
2. Select Display Type and then select Dolby Status, as shown. Note the
following:
A Dolby option must be installed for the Dolby Audio Status to display.
The Dolby format matches that of the selected input.
3. To activate the display type selected, press SEL.
4. Select the Metadata Source (AES or VANC).
NOTE. If you select VANC at the metadata source, select the VANC source, as well.
Usage Notes
Your instrument determines the downmix based on several parameters within
the Dolby metadata and the Dolby downmix selection. For example, if the
Dolby Audio Status screen shows Extended Bitstream information indicating
that the preferred downmix is Lt/Rt, the center channel is attenuated by -3 dB
and the surround channels are attenuated by -6 dB before they are combined
into the stereo downmix.
The listening modes can be used to monitor any multichannel Dolby Digital
audio program with a user-selectable number of channels. You can select
among several basic and Pro Logic listening modes, the descriptions of which
follow. Depending on the Channel Mode, these listening modes affect the
content displayed on the Audio Display level bars. (See Table 6 on page 156.)
Basic Listening Modes
154
EX. Use EX if the two surround channels have been matrix encoded with a
back channel. If the EX listening mode is selected and there are two surround
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Audio Monitoring
channels present, the bar display adds two back channels, Lb and Rb, to create
a 7.1 channel display.
Full. Full does not modify the number of channels indicated by the channel mode
in either the display or the outputs.
3 Stereo. Use 3 Stereo to monitor the Dolby Digital signal with only the left,
center, and right channels. In this mode, if there are surround channels present,
they are mixed into the left and right channels with the surround mix level
attenuation.
Phantom. When using Phantom, the center channel, if present, gets attenuated
with the center mix level value and is then added into the left and right channels.
Stereo. Stereo always creates a Lo/Ro downmix using the center and surround
mix levels contained in the metadata. The Lfe is disabled.
Mono. Mono mode will always mix down to a single center channel, usually by
creating a Lo/Ro downmix and adding Lo to Ro. The Lfe is disabled.
Pro Logic Listening Modes
Pro Logic listening modes perform different functions depending on what the
source material is. If the source is a Dolby Digital stream with three or more
channels, then a surround compatible Lt/Rt downmix is created and then decoded
into a selectable number of channels. If the source is a 2/0 Dolby Digital stream,
then these Pro Logic modes will do a Pro Logic decode to produce the number of
channels requested by the listening mode. If the source is PCM, then a full Pro
Logic decode is provided regardless of the specific Pro Logic mode selected.
Pro Logic Full. Pro Logic Full creates a Lt/Rt downmix of any input with three or
more channels. This Lt/Rt downmix will then be Pro Logic decoded to produce
a LCRS output where the surround channel is reduced 3 dB and reproduced in
both the Ls and Rs bars.
A 2/0 encoded Dolby stream is assumed to be Pro Logic encoded already and is
Pro Logic decoded to produce a LCRS output. Again, the surround channel is
reduced 3 dB and reproduced in both the Ls and Rs bars.
Any PCM input is decoded the same as a 2/0 Dolby Digital input.
Pro Logic 3 Stereo. Pro Logic 3 Stereo creates a Lt/Rt downmix of any input with
three or more channels. This Lt/Rt downmix will then use Pro Logic decoding
to produce a center channel and provide LCR bars.
A 2/0 encoded Dolby stream is assumed to be Pro Logic encoded already and is
Pro Logic decoded to produce a LCR output.
Any PCM input is decoded to provide LCRS channels where the surround channel
is reduced 3 dB and reproduced in both the Ls and Rs bars.
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Audio Monitoring
Pro Logic Phantom. Pro Logic Phantom creates a Lt/Rt downmix of any input
with three or more channels. This Lt/Rt downmix will then use Pro Logic
decoding to produce a surround channel and provide LCS surround channels. This
surround channel is reduced 3 dB and reproduced in both the Ls and Rs bars.
A 2/0 encoded Dolby stream is assumed to be Pro Logic encoded already and is
Pro Logic decoded to produce a LRS output. Again, the surround channel is
reduced 3 dB and reproduced in both the Ls and Rs bars.
Any PCM input is decoded to provide LCRS channels where the surround channel
is reduced 3 dB and reproduced in both the Ls and Rs bars.
Table 6: Channel Mode versus Listening Modes
Channel mode
Listening mode
Main channel output function
3/2
EX
All 3/2 channels + EX decode of back surround
Full
All 3/2 channels
3 Stereo
3 Stereo downmix of 3/2 channels
Phantom
Phantom downmix of 3/2 channels
Stereo
Lo/Ro downmix
2/2
3/1
156
Mono
Lo+Ro
PL Full
LCRS from Lt/Rt downmix
PL 3 Stereo
3 Stereo from Lt/Rt
PL Phantom
Phantom from Lt/Rt
EX
All 2/2 channels + EX decode of back surround
Full
All 2/2 channels
3 Stereo
Default to Stereo mode
Phantom
Default to Full mode
Stereo
Lo/Ro downmix
Mono
Lo+Ro
PL Full
LCRS from Lt/Rt downmix
PL 3 Stereo
3 Stereo from Lt/Rt
PL Phantom
Phantom from Lt/Rt
EX
Default to Full mode
Full
All 3/1 channels
3 Stereo
S mixed into L and R with smix coefficient
Phantom
C mixed into L and R with cmix coefficient
Stereo
Lo/Ro downmix
Mono
Lo+Ro
PL Full
LCRS from Lt/Rt downmix
PL 3 Stereo
3 Stereo from Lt/Rt
PL Phantom
Phantom from Lt/Rt
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Audio Monitoring
Table 6: Channel Mode versus Listening Modes (cont.)
Channel mode
Listening mode
Main channel output function
2/1
EX
Default to Full mode
Full
All 2/1 channels
3 Stereo
S mixed into L and R with smix coefficient
Phantom
Default to Full mode
Stereo
Lo/Ro downmix
Mono
Lo+Ro
PL Full
LCRS from Lt/Rt downmix
PL 3 Stereo
3 Stereo from Lt/Rt
PL Phantom
Phantom from Lt/Rt
EX
Default to 3 Stereo mode
Full
Default to 3 Stereo mode
3 Stereo
All 3/0 channels
Phantom
C mixed into L and R with cmix coefficient
Stereo
Lo/Ro downmix
Mono
Lo+Ro
PL Full
LCRS from Lt/Rt downmix
PL 3 Stereo
3 Stereo from Lt/Rt
PL Phantom
Phantom from Lt/Rt
EX
Default to Stereo mode
Full
Default to Stereo mode
3 Stereo
Default to Stereo mode
3/0
2/0
1/0
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Phantom
Default to Stereo mode
Stereo
2/0 channels
Mono
L+R
PL Full
LCRS from 2/0 channels
PL 3 Stereo
3 Stereo from 2/0 channels
PL Phantom
Phantom from 2/0 channels
EX
Default to Mono mode
Full
Default to Mono mode
3 Stereo
Default to Mono mode
Phantom
Default to Mono mode
Stereo
Default to Mono mode
Mono
Mono center channel output
PL Full
Default to Mono mode
PL 3 Stereo
Default to Mono mode
PL Phantom
Default to Mono mode
157
Audio Monitoring
Audio Bar Mapping versus
Dolby E Metadata Program
Configuration
If your instrument has Option DPE installed and is decoding Dolby E audio,
the bars in the Audio display are mapped as shown in the following table. The
mapping derives from the Dolby E Program Configuration detected in the
metadata of the Dolby input. If you select a Downmix Program, the two downmix
level bars in the Audio display reflect that program selection.
Dolby E program
configuration
Audio bar mapping 1
Number of programs
available
5.1 + 2
L, C, R, Ls, Rs, LFE L1, R1
2
5.1 + 2x1
L, C, R, Ls, Rs, LFE M2, M3
3
4+4
L1, C1, R1, S, L2, R2, C2, S
2
4+2+2
L1, C1, R1, S, L1, R1, L2, R2
3
4 + 2 + 2x1
L1, C1, R1, S, L1, R1, M1, M2
4
4 + 4x1
L1, C1, R1, S, M2, M3, M4, M5
5
2+2+2+2
L1, R1, L2, R2, L3, R3, L4, R4
4
2 + 2 + 2 + 2x1
L1, R1, L2, R2, L3, R3, M4, M5
6
2 + 2 + 4x1
L1, R1, L2, R2, M3, M4, M5,
M6
6
2 + 6x1
L1, R1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6,
M7
7
8x1 = 1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M7,
M8
8
5.1
L, C, R, Ls, Rs, LFE
1
4+2
L1, C1, R1, S, L2, R2
2
4 + 2x1
L1, C1, R1, S, M2, M3
3
2+2+2
L1, R1, L2, R2, L3, R3
3
2 + 2 + 2x1
L1, R1, L2, R2, M3, M4
4
2 + 4x1
L1, R1, M2, M3, M4, M5
5
6x1
M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6
6
4
L1, C1, R1, S
1
2 + 2x1
L1, R1, M2, M3
3
4x1
M1, M2, M3, M4
4
7.1
L, C, R, Ls, Rs, LFE, Lb, Rb
1
7.1 Screen
L, C, R, Ls, Rs, LFE, Le, Re
1
1
158
L = Left, R = Right, C = Center, M = Mono, S = Surround, e = extra (Le and Re and Ex encoded channels),
b = back, LFE = Low Frequency Effects
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area Compliance
Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area
Compliance
Your instrument can monitor for CC data (including V-Chip ratings) present in the
selected signal and display that data overlaid on the Picture display. (CEA 608
(VBI), CEA 608 (ANC), CEA (608/708), CEA 708, TeletextB (VBI), TeletextB
OP47 SDP (ANC), and TeletextB OP47 Multi (ANC) closed caption transports
are supported.
Your instrument can also display Safe Action and Safe Title graticules, allowing
you to monitor for incorrect placements of graphics, logos, and other branding
elements. This will help you ensure that those items do not obscure text or
essential action. SMPTE, ITU, and ARIB TR-B.4 standards are supported.
NOTE. CC/Teletext format monitoring is tile specific. To simultaneously monitor
more than one format, select the appropriate settings in the desired tile.
Monitoring CC and Teletext
Perform the following procedures before monitoring CC and Teletext.
To Configure CC and
Teletext
1. From the CONFIG menu, select Aux Data Settings.
2. Select from the following CC types:
CEA 608 Settings (See page 159.)
CEA 708 Settings (See page 160, Configuring CEA 708 Settings.)
Teletext B Settings (See page 160, Teletext B Settings.)
Configuring CEA 608 Settings.
1. Select CEA608 Settings from the Aux Data Settings submenu.
2. Select CEA608 Required and then select Yes or No, depending on whether
you want to monitor for required settings.
3. Select CEA608 Transport, and then select from Auto, Line 21, S334
(RAW), or S334 (CDP). If you select Auto, the instrument will search for
any available transport.
4. Select VBI Mode, and then select Auto or Manual. If you select Manual, set
VBI Line Num using the General knob.
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Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area Compliance
5. Select VBI Timing and select Normal, Early, or Late.
6. If required services is set to Yes, select Req Services and press the SEL
button. This will show a dialog box that allows you to select CC and Text
required channels.
Configuring CEA 708 Settings.
1. Select CEA708 Settings from the Aux Data Settings submenu.
2. Select CEA708 Required and select Yes or No, depending on whether you
want to monitor for required settings.
3. If required services is set to Yes, select Req Services and press the SEL
button. This brings up a dialog box that allows you to select CC and Text
required channels.
Teletext B Settings.
1. Select Teletext B Settings from the Aux Data Settings submenu.
2. Select Teletext Required and select Yes or No, depending on whether you
want to monitor for required settings.
3. Select WST Transport, and select from Auto, VBI, OP47 (SDP), or OP47
(Multi). If you select Auto, the instrument searches for any available
transport.
4. If required services is set to Yes, select Teletext Req Pages and press the
SEL button.
5. When Teletext Required Pages dialog box appears, use the General knob to
navigate to the box in the Allow Alarm column that is next to the page for
which you want monitor.
6. Press the SEL button to mark the box.
7. Press the right arrow key and then press the SEL button to highlight the Page
Number box.
8. Use the General knob to set the box to the desired page number and press
the SEL button.
9. When you are finished with your selections, use the down arrow to navigate to
the Return box and press the SEL button.
To View CC Status and
Subtitles
1. Select a tile.
2. Press and hold the STATUS button to display the Status pop-up menu.
3. Select Display Type.
4. Select Aux Data Status. The Auxiliary Data Status display shows the status
of the closed caption data. (See Figure 75.)
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area Compliance
Figure 75: Auxiliary Data Status display
To Display CC
1. Select a tile.
2. Press and hold the PICT button to display the Picture pop-up menu.
3. Select CC/Teletext Format and select the CC type, if any, you want to
display.
4. Select the channel, service, or page to display.
The Picture display includes Closed Captioning in the area designated by the
Closed Caption data. (See Figure 76.)
5. Press the PICT button again to dismiss the Picture pop-up menu.
Figure 76: Closed caption display area
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Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area Compliance
Usage Notes
PICT displays in individual tiles allow their Services and Pages to be selected
independently.
CC text is not captured with the Picture image when using Freeze.
CC/Teletext setups are also stored when saved with Presets and restored at
power on.
The CC alarms are available from the Configuration menu in the Alarms
submenu under Closed Captions/Metadata.
Teletext can be viewed as captions or as a whole page.
Monitoring for Safe Area Compliance
To display graticules for monitoring for incorrect placements of nonessential
elements relative to essential ones, set global settings in the Configuration menu
and turn on up to four Safe Area graticules, each with independent settings, in
the Picture menu.
To Configure Safe Area
Graticules
Before using Safe Area Graticules, configure them from the Configuration menu
by performing the following steps:
1. Select Graticules and then select Safe Area Graticule Standard from the
CONFIG menu.
2. Choose from the SMPTE, ITU, or ARIB TR-B.4 standards. The selection
you choose is the graticule used when AUTO is chosen for any of the four
Safe Area Graticules, accessed in the Picture menu.
3. To set the Height, Width, and Offsets of the title and action areas for Custom
Safe Graticules 1 and 2, first select the title or action to change.
4. Set the percentage level for each of the parameters. Parameters are set as a
percentage of screen height or width, and you can watch the graticules update
on the screen as you change them.
NOTE. The custom parameters you set are used when Custom_1 or Custom_2 is
chosen for any of the four Safe Area Graticules accessed in the Picture menu.
To Display Safe Area
Graticules
1. Select a tile.
2. Press and hold the PICT button to display the Picture menu.
3. Select Safe Area Action 1.
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Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area Compliance
4. Select one of the following:
Auto to let the instrument automatically select the size and offsets of the
safe area.
4x3, 14x9, or 16x9 to set the safe area size and offsets appropriate for
these aspect ratios based on the selected standard.
Custom_1 or Custom_2 to set the safe area size and offsets to match the
custom settings in the Graticules Configuration menu.
5. After setting each Safe Area selection, press the PICT button to dismiss the
pop-up menu.
Usage Notes
The Safe Action Area shows the maximum image area within which all
significant action should be contained; the Safe Title Area shows the
maximum image area within which all significant titles should be contained.
(See Figure 77.)
Safe Area Graticules can globally be configured to comply to accepted
standards in the Configuration menu.
Custom selections for vertical and horizontal size and offset of the Save Areas
can be set in the Configuration menu.
Figure 77: Safe Action and Safe Title areas
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Closed Captioning (CC), Teletext, AFD, and Safe Area Compliance
Monitoring for AFD Compliance
To display graticules for monitoring for AFD compliance, you must turn the
graticules on from the pop-up menu in the Picture Display. View information
about AFD graticules on the Auxiliary Data Status display.
To Configure AFD
Graticules
1. Press and hold the PICT button to display the Picture menu.
2. Select AFD Graticules and then select On.
View the graticules in the Picture display. AFD information can viewed in the
Auxiliary Data Status display. (See Figure 75 on page 161.)
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Application Example
Application Example
Timing a Studio
Your instrument supports multiple methods and techniques for timing a studio,
all of which require an external reference to your instrument. Timing a studio
involves adjusting the references going to different sources so that their output
feeds have the same timing when they arrive at a common point, such as a
production switcher. For digital systems, timing typically must be close, but not
exact, because most switchers have some tolerance for timing errors. For analog
composite systems, the timing may need to be matched within a small part of a
subcarrier cycle to prevent hue shifts when switching between sources.
Following are procedures for timing a studio using various methods.
Using the Traditional
Method
Your instrument makes the traditional method of comparing Horizontal and
Vertical timing easier by providing flexible tiles and a Freeze function. To time a
studio using the traditional method, you store an input as a baseline and compare
signals that you time against the baseline.
1. Select a tile in which to time the active input. Select WFM.
2. Apply the first input signal to the appropriate input, terminate it properly,
and select it.
3. Push and hold the WFM button. From the Display Mode submenu, select a
display mode that is appropriate to the signal that you input.
4. Apply the house reference signal to the external reference input, terminating it
properly.
5. Press the EXT REF button to select External Reference mode. (Connected to
the house reference.)
6. Put the selected tile in line mode.
7. Use the HORIZONTAL knob to center the sync edge or the SAV pulse. (If
using the SAV pulse, turn off Stripping EAV/SAV/ANC in the SDI Input
setting of the Configuration Menu.)
8. Press the MAG button to increase the timing resolution.
9. Select a second tile.
10. Press the FIELD button to put a second tile in field mode and choose an
appropriate waveform mode.
11. Use the HORIZONTAL knob to center the vertical interval.
12. Press the MAG button to increase the timing resolution.
13. Press the CAPTURE button to save the waveform as a baseline.
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Application Example
14. Apply an input that matches timing of the first input.
15. Adjust the timing offset of the signal being timed to match the timing to the
saved baseline.
16. Repeat steps 14 and 15 for any other required signals.
NOTE. Use the Cursors as markers or to measure timing differences between
sources.
Other tiles can be used to set fine timing and check color frame alignment on
composite signals. Alternatively, the other two tiles could be used for line and
field rate displays without Mag active to show the location of significantly
mistimed signals.
Using the Timing-Display
Method
The Tektronix Timing Display provides a quick, easy way to measure the timing
of an input relative to the external reference:
The rectangular display automatically scales to match the input signal. For
progressive signals, the display represents one field; for interlace signals, the
display represents one frame; and for composite inputs, the display represents
one color frame.
The cross-hair in the center represents zero offset, and the circle represents the
timing of the input signal. Lines of advance or delay are shown as vertical
displacement, while timing errors of less than one line are shown as horizontal
displacement. If the input is at the same time as the reference, then the circle
is centered on the cross-hair.
The timing offset is also shown numerically as lines and micro-seconds of
advance or delay in the boxes at the right side of the display.
For input and reference signals with closely related frame rates, there is only
one timing relationship, so a single circle is shown on the display to indicate
the timing offset of the input signal.
For input and reference combinations with more complex relationships,
multiple circles are displayed to indicate all the possible interpretations of
the timing offset, with the one that is closest to zero shown with emphasis.
The numerical readouts will correspond to the timing indicator circle with
the emphasis.
The Relative to: box indicates the chosen zero point for the timing display.
The default is Rear Panel. In this mode, the offset is zero when the input and
reference are at the same timing at the rear panel of your instrument. The
other choice is Saved Offset. In this mode, you can save the timing from one
signal and then display the timing relative to that saved offset.
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Application Example
To Use the Timing Display to Time a Signal to a Reference.
1. Select a tile in which to time the active input.
2. Apply the input signal to be timed to the appropriate input, terminate it
properly and select it.
3. Apply the house reference signal to the external reference input, terminating it
properly.
4. Press the EXT REF button to select External Reference mode.
5. Press the MEAS button to select the Timing display for the tile selected in
step 1.
6. If only one circle is displayed, adjust the timing offset of the black generator
to match the timing to the external reference. Adjust for a perfect coincidence
of the circle around the reference target (circle turns green at coincidence) and
null values of the vertical and horizontal timing readouts.
7. If multiple circles are displayed, the timing is complex, and you must choose
the one you want. The measurement that is closest to zero offset is displayed
with emphasis and appears in the readouts.
NOTE. See Timing Displays for Simple Versus Complex Timing for more
information about complex timing displays and their elements. (See page 45.)
9. Repeat step 6 or 7 for any other signals.
NOTE. As you adjust timing, the circle representing the input timing may jump
occasionally. This is because the color frame detection circuit can be temporarily
disrupted as the signal shifts. The jump is often a multiple of the field time. The
circle will settle back to the correct location in a second or so.
Usage Notes
The resolution of the timing display for Composite and SD signals is one
27 MHz clock cycle or 37 ns. For HD signals, it is one clock at 74.25 MHz,
which equates to about 13.5 ns. To get the greater accuracy needed for a
composite signal, first use the timing display to get close, then use a vector
display for the final burst phase alignment. Since this instrument can display
both the timing display and a vector display simultaneously (each in its own
tile), this process can still be easy and quick.
For composite signals the definition of time aligned is obvious but for an
SDI input relative to a analog reference the situation is more complex. For
the timing display, the definition of zero offset on an SDI input uses the
methodology described in SMPTE RP168. This method specifies the SDI
signal is converted to analog. The converted analog signal is then compared
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167
Application Example
to the analog reference. For the conversion, a D/A converter with delay of
about three microseconds is used.
In the Relative to Rear Panel mode, this three microsecond conversion delay
is accounted for in the displayed offset. In the Relative to Saved Offset mode,
it has no effect.
Timing Multiple Inputs to a
Router
Use the Relative to: function to set the offset between a master signal and a
reference signal as the zero-point reference for time-down applications. The
Relative to: box indicates the chosen zero point for the timing display:
Rear Panel. In this mode (default), the offset is zero when the measured signal
input and reference are at the same timing at the reference at the instrument
rear panel. This setting was used in the Timing Display Method procedure.
Saved Offset. In this mode, you can save the timing from a master signal
relative to the reference as the zero point offset. Then route other inputs and
measure relative to this saved offset.
To Time the Inputs to a Router.
1. Perform steps 1 through 5 of the previous procedure.
2. Route the signal you want as the master to the appropriate input, SDI or
Composite, and terminate properly.
3. Route the reference signal to the reference input and terminate appropriately.
4. Save the timing offset for the master input (MEAS > Save Offset > SEL) and
select the Relative to: Saved Offset mode from the pop-up menu.
NOTE. You cannot save the timing offset if either the input or reference is missing
or unlocked. You also cannot save a reference when in internal mode. Saving an
offset in these conditions would lead to misleading results so it is not allowed by
the instrument. A warning message will appear on the screen if you attempt to
save the offset when it is not allowed.
5. Now select other inputs to the router to be connected to the instrument. For
each input, the relative timing is displayed.
6. Adjust the timing offset at the master sync source to time down the inputs to
the router to match the master.
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Application Example
Usage Notes.
The resolution of the timing display is one 27 MHz clock cycle or 37 ns, for
Composite and SD video. To get the greater accuracy needed for a composite
signal, first use the timing display to get close, and then use a vector display
for the final burst phase alignment. Since these two displays can be present
simultaneously in separate tiles, this process is still easy and quick.
For composite signals, the definition of time aligned is straight forward, but
for an SDI input relative to an analog reference, the situation is more complex.
For the timing display, the definition of zero offset on an SDI input assumes
the SDI signal is converted to composite. The converted composite signal is
then compared to the analog reference. For the conversion, a half-band filter
with a 33 clock-cycle delay and an analog reconstruction filter are assumed.
This conversion introduces a delay of about 3 µs.
In the Relative to: Rear Panel mode, this 3 µs conversion delay is removed
from the measured offset before the display is generated. In the Relative to:
Saved Offset mode, it has no effect.
This timing relationship between input and reference is also compatible with
the waveform mode. That is, if you have zero timing on the Timing display
and change from internal to external reference, the displayed waveform will
not shift position.
When timing analog composite signals, adjust the system phase with the
Vector display. (See page 45, Timing Displays for Simple Versus Complex
Timing.)
NOTE. If you have an input and reference combination that requires multiple
timing indicator circles, then it can be misleading to compare timing offsets
between multiple inputs. Because the timing display chooses the smallest of the
possible timing offsets, if a large timing difference exists between two inputs,
then they may not be matched. This problem also occurs using traditional timing
methods unless you use something similar to the SMPTE318 10 field flag to
identify a specific sub-multiple of the reference.
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169
Reference
Reference
Description of Cable Types
The Cable Type selection in the CONFIG > Physical Layer Settings menu enables
you to specify the type of cable that most closely matches the cable used to
connect the signal source to the instrument. The following is a list of supported
cable type descriptions:
Belden 8281. Coax-Double Braided RG-59/U Type Number of Coax: 1 RG
Type: 59/U AWG: 20 Stranding: Solid Conductor Material: BC- Bare Copper
Insulation Material: PE-Polyethylene Outer Shield Material: TC-Tinned
Copper/TC-Tinned Copper Outer Jacket Material: PE-Polyethylene Plenum
(Y/N): N Plenum Number: 88281 Nom. Characteristic Impedance: 75 ohm
Applications: Precision Video Cable for Analog and Digital, Double Braided
RG-59/U Type, Broadband Coax, Headend/Video Cables, Precision Video
Cable for Analog and Digital, RG-59/U Type
Belden 1694A. Coax-Low Loss Serial Digital Coax Number of Coax: 1 RG
Type: 6/U AWG: 18 Stranding: Solid Conductor Material: BC-Bare Copper
Insulation Material: Gas-injected FHDPE-Foam High Density Polyethylene
Outer Shield Material Trade Name: Duofoil: Outer Shield Material:
Aluminum Foil-Polyester Tape-Aluminum Foil/TC-Tinned Copper Outer
Jacket Material: PVC-Polyvinyl Chloride Plenum (Y/N): N Plenum Number:
1695A Nom. Characteristic Impedance: 75 ohm Applications: Precision
Video Cable for Analog and Digital, Low Loss Serial Digital Coax, Video
Cable, Precision Video Cables for Analog and Digital Applications, Precision
Video Cable for Analog and Digital, RG-6/U Type
Belden 1505. Coax-RG-59/U Type Number of Coax: 1 RG Type: 59/U
AWG: 20 Stranding: Solid Conductor Material: BC-Bare Copper Insulation
Material: Gas-injected FHDPE-Foam High Density Polyethylene Outer
Shield Material Trade Name: Duofoil: Outer Shield Material: Aluminum
Foil-Polyester Tape-Aluminum Foil/TC-Tinned Copper Outer Jacket
Material: PVC-Polyvinyl Chloride Plenum (Y/N): N Plenum Number: 1506A
Nom. Characteristic Impedance: 75 ohm Applications: Broadband Coax,
Headend/Video Cables, Video Cable, Precision Video Cables for Analog and
Digital Applications, Precision Video Cable for Analog and Digital, RG-59/U
Type
Belden 1855A. Coax-Sub-Miniature Number of Coax: 1 RG Type:
Sub-miniature 59/U AWG: 23 Stranding: Solid Conductor Material: BC-Bare
Copper Insulation Material: Gas-injected FHDPE-Foam High Density
Polyethylene Outer Shield Material Trade Name: Duofoil: Outer Shield
Material: Aluminum Foil-Polyester Tape-Aluminum Foil/TC-Tinned Copper
Outer Jacket Material: PVC-Polyvinyl Chloride Plenum (Y/N): N Nom.
Characteristic Impedance: 75 ohm Applications: Video Cable, Precision
Video Cables for Analog and Digital Applications, Precision Video Cable for
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Reference
Analog and Digital, Sub-Miniature, Precision Video Cable for Analog and
Digital, Sub-Miniature RG-59/U Type
Canare L-5CFB. Coax-Solid Copper Center Conductor; Foam PE Dielectric
Tinned Copper Braid + 100% Foil Shield Dielectric; 100% Sweep Tested;
Nominal O.D. in. (mm): .303 (7.7); PVC Jacket Thickness in. (mm): .043
(1.1)
Image 1000. Coax-Conductor size: nominal mm 1.0; Conductor material:
Copper, Plain; Dielectric material: Cellular PE; Inner Screen: Aluminium
Polyester Tape; Outer Screen: Tinned Copper Braid 95%; Jacket Material:
LSOH (PVC to special order); Nominal Diameter: mm 6.8; Cable weight:
kg/km 60.0; Impedance ohms (+/-1): 75.0 Capacitance (nominal): p/F/m 56.0
DC resistance max ohms/100m: 2.19 Velocity of propagation %: 83.0
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
171
Reference
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WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Index
Symbols and Numbers
2xHD Level B 3 Gb/s signal, 29
3D
left eye, 29
right eye, 29
3D capabilities, 4
3D input, 17
3G
connecting a signal, 23
A
AES
output map for Dolby, 149
AFD
configuring graticules, 164
monitoring for
compliance, 164
Alarm
allowed responses, 113
Alarm Status display, 62
Alarms
categories of, 113
configuring and using, 113
general, 113
remote monitoring of, 115
status display, 115
to monitor, 115
using, 113
Analog output map
Dolby, 149
Applications
checking Chroma/Luma
delay, 117
timing a studio, 165
ARIB Status display, 126
ARIB STD-B.35 display, 133
ARIB STD-B.37 display, 130
ARIB STD-B39 display, 127
ARIB TR-B.22 display, 139
ARIB TR-B.23 (1) display, 135,
137
Arrowhead
Gamut pop-up menu, 43
Arrowhead display, 40, 119
composite gamut, 122
Audio
Above-bar warnings, 82
AUDIO button, 80
checking surround sound, 145
configuring and
monitoring, 141
configuring and monitoring
Dolby, 149
configuring inputs, 141
for embedded 16-channel
audio, 84
Display, 80
In-bar warnings, 80, 82
Level meters, 80
Pop-up menu, 83
selecting 1-8 or 9-16 channel
audio, 85
selecting an input, 142
for embedded 16-channel
audio, 84
Audio Control
display, 71
packet format, 71
packet structure, 71
Audio input
selecting, 142
for embedded
16-channel, 84
Audio inputs
allow alarms for, 141
configure for pairs or
surround, 141
map bars to input, 141
Audio level
checking, 113, 141, 142, 145,
149
Audio Loudness Session
configuring, 69
display, 69
elements of, 69
Audio phase
checking, 142
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Audio Session display, 66
Audio/Video Delay, 53
Aux Data Status display, 74
B
Bar Targets
Vector pop-up menu, 39
Basic operation, 33
Black events, 65
Bowtie display, 49
C
Cable loss measurements, 112
Cable types, 170
Calibration
service options, 5
CaptureVu™, 1
Center Waveform
Vector pop-up menu, 39
Waveform pop-up menu, 37
Checking surround sound
task description, 145
Chroma
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
Chroma/Luma delay, 117
Closed captioning
configuring and
monitoring, 159
Composite gamut
diamond display, 122
Controls
front-panel, 15
Cursors
displaying, 90
D
Diamond
Gamut pop-up menu, 42
Diamond display, 41, 119
checking RGB gamut, 120
construction of the diamond
graticule, 120
173
Index
Display
how to control, 19
status bar icons, 22
Display information, 33
Displays
how to select, 33
Documentation
purposes of, xi
Dolby
downmix mode, 154
guardband, 81
Guardband limits, 151
Dolby audio
display readout, 153
to configure AES B output
map, 149
to configure analog output
map, 149
to configure expected format
alarm, 149
to configure input, 149
to configure source, 149
to display a Dolby input, 152
to specify Dolby D
stream, 150
to specify Dolby E channel
mask (alarms), 150
to specify Dolby E downmix
program, 150
to specify Dolby E
program, 150
view metadata, 154
Dominance indicator
how to display, 145
Dual Link signals, 26
E
EAV and SAV
finding in the active video
stream, 48
Error Log display, 60
Errors
status indicators, 20
Eye measurements, 105
F
Factory preset recall, 94
Filter
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
Flat
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
Flat + Luma
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
FlexVu™
defined, 1
Follows video
Audio pop-up menu, 83
Front-panel controls
layout and index to usage
procedures, 16
levels of, 15
scope of, 16
Frozen events, 65
Headphone volume
adjusting, 92
Horizontal Offset
Timing display, 43
How to
check surround sound, 145
configure and monitor
Dolby, 149
Connect to a network, 8
connect to a PC, 8
control the display, 19
determine status, 20
find more information, xi
monitor alarms, 115
monitor closed
captioning, 159
time a studio, 165
use online help, 18
G
I
gamut
diamond display, 120
Gamut
arrowhead display, 122
Arrowhead display, 40
button, 40
checking, 119
Diamond display, 41
elements of the display, 42
Pop-up menu, 42
Spearhead display, 41
Split Diamond display, 42
Gamut display
checking RGB gamut, 120
composite arrowhead
display, 122
Gamut thresholds
adjusting, 119
Guardband
for Dolby, 81
Guardband limits, 151
H
HD
connecting a signal, 23
174
Incoming inspection, 10
Infinite persistence, 17
of a waveform, 2
Information
where to find more, xi
Input labels
customizing, 29
Inputs
selecting, 23, 28
Inspection
incoming, 10
Instrument displays, 33
Instrument options
checking installed, 6
IP settings, 8
J
Jitter measurements, 109
L
left eye channel
3D, 29
Lightning
Vector pop-up menu, 37
Lightning display, 117
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Index
Limits
gamut, 119
Lissajous display, 144
Lissajous Snd Stage
Audio pop-up menu, 83
Lissajous sound stage
phase style, 144
Listening Mode
table of settings, 156
Listening Modes
descriptions of, 154
Loudness
audio session display, 69
configuring parameters, 69
Loudness filters, 81
Loudness meter, 80
LTC display, 50
Luma
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
Luma Qualified Vector, 37, 38
Luma/Chroma delay, 117
M
Measure
Display, 43
Display, elements of, 43
MEAS button, 43
Pop-up menu, 44
Measurement
Relative to:, 44
Save Offset, 44
Monitoring Audio
task description, 141
Monitoring CC and safe area
compliance
task description, 159
Monitoring Dolby audio
task description, 149
Multi-Input Display mode, 2, 27
to select inputs, 28
to select streams, 28
to turn on, 27
N
Network
Connect to, 8
IP settings, 8
SNMP settings, 9
Network software upgrade, 97
O
Online help
how to use, 18
Operation
Basic, 33
control levels (types), 15
verification, 10
Overlay
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
P
Parade
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
PC
Connect to, 8
Phase (audio)
correlation meter response
times, 144
Phase Display
Audio pop-up menu, 83
Phase Pair
Audio pop-up menu, 83
Phase Style
Audio pop-up menu, 83
Physical Layer
configuring and
monitoring, 101
Picture display, 86
Pop-up menus
Audio, 83
Gamut, 42
Measure, 44
Vector, 38
Waveform, 36
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
Presets, 93
exporting, 95
factory, 94
importing, 94
recalling, 94
saving, 94
using the USB for, 94
R
Rear Panel
Measure pop-up menu, 44
Recalling presets, 94
Reference signals, 30
Relative to:
Measure pop-up menu, 44
Repair
service options, 5
RGB
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
RGB gamut
diamond display, 120
right eye channel
3D, 29
S
Safe area
monitor for compliance, 162
Safety Summary, vii
SAV and EAV
finding in the active video
stream, 48
Save
Measure pop-up menu, 44
Saving presets, 94
SD
connecting a signal, 23
SDI Composite
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
SDI Status display, 78
Selecting a display, 33
Selecting audio input, 142
for embedded 16-channel, 84
Service
options, 5
175
Index
Signal connection
Composite analog, 25
SDI, 23
Signal generator, 31
Simultaneous Input
monitoring, 30
SNMP settings, 9
Software upgrades, 96
Network procedure, 97
USB device procedure, 96
Spearhead display, 41, 119
Split Diamond
Gamut pop-up menu, 42
Split Diamond display, 42, 119
Status
determining, 20
Display, 60
STATUS button, 60
Status bar, 20
Surround sound
display elements of, 146
displaying and checking, 145
signal display examples, 148
SW version
checking installed, 6
SyncVu™, 4, 30
T
Teletext, 159
Tile
mode, how to enter, 19
to select a, 19
Timing
Chroma/Luma delay, 117
176
Timing a studio
router inputs, 168
task description, 165
timing display method, 166
traditional method, 165
Timing display, 43, 166
U
Upgrading software, 96
USB
display capture to, 17
USB device software upgrade, 96
V
Vector
display, 117
Display, 37
Pop-up menu, 38
VECT button, 37
Vector pop-up menu, 37
Vector pop-up menu
Bar Targets, 39
Center Waveform, 39
Verification
basic functional, 10
Video content
3D, 29
Video Session display, 63
Volume
adjusting, 92
W
Warnings
Above level bars, 82
In level bars, 82
Waveform
Center Waveform, 37
Display, 35
Display, elements of, 35
Filter, 36
Filter:Chroma, 36
Filter:Flat, 36
Filter:Flat + Luma, 36
Filter:Low Pass, 36
Filter:Luma, 36
Overlay, 36
Parade, 36
Pop-up menu, 36
RGB, 36
SDI -> Composite, 36
WFM button, 35
YPbPr, 36
YRGB, 36
X
X-Y
Audio pop-up menu, 83
phase style, 144, 153
Y
YPbPr
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
YRGB
Waveform pop-up menu, 36
WVR7200 Waveform Rasterizers User Manual
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