Bull AIX 5.2 Installation guide

Bull AIX 5.2 Installation guide
Getting Started
AIX
REFERENCE
86 A2 09EG 00
ESCALA
AIX 5L Operating
System Installation
ESCALA
AIX 5L Operating
System Installation
Getting Started
AIX
Software
October 2002
BULL CEDOC
357 AVENUE PATTON
B.P.20845
49008 ANGERS CEDEX 01
FRANCE
REFERENCE
86 A2 09EG 00
The following copyright notice protects this book under Copyright laws which prohibit such actions as, but not
limited to, copying, distributing, modifying, and making derivative works.
Copyright
Bull SAS 1992, 2002
Printed in France
Suggestions and criticisms concerning the form, content, and presentation of this
book are invited. A form is provided at the end of this book for this purpose.
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are invited to use the Ordering Form also provided at the end of this book.
Trademarks and Acknowledgements
We acknowledge the right of proprietors of trademarks mentioned in this book.
AIX® is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation, and is being used under licence.
UNIX® is a registered trademark in the United States of America and other countries licensed exclusively through
the Open Group.
Linux® is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Bull will not be liable for errors contained
herein, or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the use of this material.
About This Book
The AIX 5L Version 5.2 Operating System Installation: Getting Started guide provides
system administrators with information about how to install and configure the AIX operating
system on a standalone system using a CD–ROM device. The two methods described in
this book are the new and complete overwrite installation method and the migration
installation method. This publication is also available on the ”Hypertext Library for AIX 5.1”
CD-ROM that is shipped with the operating system.
For complete conceptual and task information about installing AIX, see the AIX 5L Version
5.2 Installation Guide and Reference.
Who Should Use This Book
This book provides system administrators with information about performing an AIX
installation using the CD–ROM device. The two methods described in this book are the new
and complete overwrite installation method and the migration installation method.
Highlighting
The following highlighting conventions are used in this book:
Bold
Identifies commands, subroutines,
keywords, files, structures, directories, and
other items whose names are predefined by
the system. Also identifies graphical objects
such as buttons, labels, and icons that the
user selects.
Italics
Identifies parameters whose actual names
or values are to be supplied by the user.
Monospace
Identifies examples of specific data values,
examples of text similar to what you might
see displayed, examples of portions of
program code similar to what you might
write as a programmer, messages from the
system, or information you should actually
type.
Case–Sensitivity in AIX
Everything in the AIX operating system is case–sensitive, which means that it distinguishes
between uppercase and lowercase letters. For example, you can use the ls command to list
files. If you type LS, the system responds that the command is ”not found.” Likewise, FILEA,
FiLea, and filea are three distinct file names, even if they reside in the same directory. To
avoid causing undesirable actions to be performed, always ensure that you use the correct
case.
Preface
iii
ISO 9000
ISO 9000 registered quality systems were used in the development and manufacturing
of this product.
Related Publications
The following publications will help you administer your AIX environment:
iv
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation Guide and Reference
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 Security Guide
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 System Management Concepts: Operating System and Devices
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 System Management Guide: Operating System and Devices
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 System Management Guide: Communications and Networks
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 General Programming Concepts: Writing and Debugging Programs
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 Communications Programming Concepts
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 Performance Management Guide
•
Performance Toolbox 1.2 and 2.1 for AIX: User’s Guide
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 Commands Reference
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 Files Reference
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 Glossary
•
Common Desktop Environment 1.0: Advanced User’s and System Administrator’s
Guide
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 System User’s Guide: Operating System and Devices
•
AIX 5L Version 5.2 System User’s Guide: Communications and Networks
Operating System Installation: Getting Started
Contents
About This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iii
Chapter 1. Introduction to Base Operating System Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic License Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-1
Chapter 2. New and Complete Overwrite Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 1. Prepare Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 2. Boot from the AIX Product CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 3. Set and Verify Installation Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 4. Configure the System after Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-2
2-4
Chapter 3. Migration Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 1. Prepare Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 2. Boot from the AIX Product CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 3. Verify Migration Installation Settings and Begin Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 4. Verify System Configuration after Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-2
3-3
Preface
v
vi
Operating System Installation: Getting Started
Chapter 1. Introduction to Base Operating System
Installation
This guide provides an overview of the necessary steps to complete an installation of the
AIX 5.2 Base Operating System (BOS).
The BOS installation program first restores the run–time bos image, then installs the
appropriate filesets, depending on whether you are installing from a graphical or an ASCII
system. The installation program automatically installs required message filesets and
devices filesets, according to the language you choose and the hardware configuration of
the installed machine.
You can use the following methods for installing AIX:
New and Complete Overwrite
This method installs AIX 5.2 on a new machine or completely overwrites
any BOS version that exists on your system.
Migration
This method upgrades from AIX 4.2 or later versions of the BOS to AIX 5.2.
A migration installation preserves most file systems, including the root
volume group, logical volumes, and system configuration files. It overwrites
the /tmp file system.
Preservation
This method replaces an earlier version of the BOS but retains the root
volume group, the user–created logical volumes, and the /home file
system. It overwrites the /usr, var, tmp, and / (root) file systems. Product
(application) files and configuration data are lost. For information about
preservation installation, see the AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation Guide and
Reference.
The table below shows the differences in the installation steps between the new and
complete ovewrite installation and the migration methods.
Table 1. AIX BOS Installation Methods
Installation Steps
New and Complete
Overwrite
Migration
Make rootvg
Yes
No
Make filesystem /, /usr, /var
Yes
No
Make filesystem /home
Yes
No
Save Configuration
No
Yes
Restore BOS
Yes
Yes
Install Additional Filesets
Yes
Yes
Restore Configuration
No
Yes
Electronic License Agreements
AIX 5.2 ships with software license agreements and are viewable electronically. If a product
has an electronic license agreement, it must be accepted before software installation can
continue. In the case of initial BOS installation, you can view and accept license agreements
in a license agreement dialog after the installation has occurred, but before the system is
Introduction to Base Operating System Installation
1-1
available for use as part of Configuration Assistant (graphical consoles) or Installation
Assistant (ASCII consoles).
The Base Operating System (BOS) has a license agreement, but not all software packages
do. When you agree to the license agreement for BOS installation, you are also accepting
all license agreements for any software installed automatically with the BOS. Some
software, such as the GNOME or KDE desktops, can be optionally installed during BOS
installation; the appropriate licensing information for such software is displayed separately.
For more information on license manipulation, see the AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation Guide
and Reference.
1-2
Operating System Installation: Getting Started
Chapter 2. New and Complete Overwrite Installation
Use the following steps to perform a new and complete overwrite installation of AIX 5.2.
•
Step 1. Prepare Your System
•
Step 2. Boot from the AIX Product CD
•
Step 3. Set and Verify Installation Settings on page 2-2
•
Step 4. Configure the System after Installation on page 2-4
For more information on new and complete overwrite installation, refer to the Installing the
Base Operating System section in the AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation Guide and Reference.
Refer to the Network Installation Management (NIM) section in the AIX 5L Version 5.2
Installation Guide and Reference, if you are performing a network installation of AIX.
Step 1. Prepare Your System
1. There must be adequate disk space and memory available. AIX 5.2 requires 128 MB of
memory and 2.2 GB of physical disk space. For additional release information, see the
AIX 5L Release Notes.
2. Make sure your hardware installation is complete, including all external devices. See the
documentation that came with your system unit for installation instructions.
3. If the system is currently installed, make a backup copy of your system software and
data if you are installing over an existing version of AIX. For instructions on how to create
a system backup, refer to the Creating System Backups section in the AIX 5L Version
5.2 Installation Guide and Reference.
4. If your system needs to communicate with other systems and access their resources,
make sure you have the following information before proceeding with installation:
Network Interface Adapter
The interface is created on the adapter.
Host Name
IP Address
______._______._______._______
Network Mask
______._______._______._______
Nameserver
______._______._______._______
Domain Name
Gateway
______._______._______._______
Step 2. Boot from the AIX Product CD
1. Insert the AIX Volume 1 CD into the CD–ROM device.
2. Make sure all external devices attached to the system (such as CD–ROM drives, tape
drives, DVD drives, and terminals) are turned on. Only the CD–ROM drive from which
you will install AIX should contain the installation media.
3. Power on the system.
4. When the system beeps twice, press F5 on the keyboard (or 5 on an ASCII terminal). If
you have a graphics display, you will see the keyboard icon on the screen when the
beeps occur. If you have an ASCII terminal (also called a tty terminal), you will see the
New and Complete Overwrite Installation
2-1
word keyboard when the beeps occur. The system will now boot from the installation
media.
Note:
If your system does not boot using the F5 key (or the 5 key on an ASCII
terminal), refer to your hardware documentation for information on how to get
your system to boot from an AIX product CD.
5. Select the system console by pressing F1 (or 1 on an ASCII terminal) and press Enter. If
you have more than one display or terminal, follow the instructions on the display or
terminal to select one as the console.
6. Select the language for the BOS Installation menus by typing the corresponding number
in the Choice field. Press Enter to open the Welcome to Base Operating System
Installation and Maintenance screen.
7. Type 2 to select 2 Change/Show Installation Settings and Install in the Choice field
and press Enter.
Welcome to Base Operating System
Installation and Maintenance
Type the number of your choice and press Enter.
indicated by >>>.
Choice is
1 Start Install Now with Default Settings
>>> 2 Change/Show Installation Settings and Install
3 Start Maintenance Mode for System Recovery
88 Help ?
99 Previous Menu
>>> Choice [1]:
2
Step 3. Set and Verify Installation Settings
1. In the Installation and Settings screen, verify the installation settings are correct by
checking the method of installation (New and Complete Overwrite), the disk or disks
you want to install, the primary language environment settings, and the installation
options.
A summary of selected options displays. Confirm your selections and press Enter to
begin the BOS installation. The system automatically reboots after installation is
complete. Go to Step 4. Configure the System after Installation on page 2-4.
Otherwise, go to sub–step 2.
2. To change the System Settings, which includes the method of installation and disk
where you want to install, type 1 in the Choice field and press Enter.
Installation and Settings
Either type 0 and press Enter to install with current settings,
or type the
number of the setting you want to change and press Enter.
1
System Settings:
Method of Installation.............New and Complete
Overwrite
Disk Where You Want to Install.....hdisk0
>>> Choice [0]:
2-2
1
Operating System Installation: Getting Started
3. Type 1 for New and Complete Overwrite in the Choice field and press Enter. The
Change Disk(s) Where You Want to Install screen now displays.
Change Disk(s) Where You Want to Install
Type one or more numbers for the disk(s) to be used for
installation and press
Enter. To cancel a choice, type the corresponding number and
Press Enter.
At least one bootable disk must be selected. The current choice
is indicated
by >>>.
Name
1
2
3
>>>
0
66
77
88
99
hdisk0
hdisk1
hdisk2
Location Code
Size(MB)
04–B0–00–2,0
04–B0–00–5,0
04–B0–00–6,0
4296
4296
12288
VG Status
none
none
none
Bootable
Yes
Yes
Yes
Continue with choices indicated above
Disks not known to Base Operating System Installation
Display More Disk Information
Help ?
Previous Menu
>>> Choice [0]:
4. Select the disk or disks you want to install by typing the number that corresponds to the
hard disk name and pressing Enter. The disk will now be selected as indicated by >>>.
Do this for each disk that you want to be part of the AIX root volume group. To unselect
the destination disk, type the number again and press Enter.
5. Complete the disk selection by typing a 0 in the Choice field and press Enter. The
Installation and Settings screen displays with New and Complete Overwrite as the
method of installation and the user selected disks.
6. To change the Primary Language Environment Settings, type 2 in the Choice field
and press Enter. Type the number that corresponds to the Cultural Convention,
Language, and Keyboard for your selection and press Enter.
7. To change the More Options, type 3 in the Choice field and press Enter. Among the
installation options available to you in AIX 5.2, you can:
– Change the desktop application.
– Enable or disable the Trusted Computing Base option.
– Enable or disable the Controlled Access Protection Profile (CAPP) and Evaluation
Assurance Level 4+ (EAL4+) option.
– Enable the 64–bit kernel.
– Enable the Enhanced Journaled File System (JFS2).
– Install graphics software.
– Install the documentation services software.
For more information about the installation options available in AIX 5.2, see the
Advanced Options section in the AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation Guide and Reference.
New and Complete Overwrite Installation
2-3
8. Verify that the selections are correct in the Overwrite Installation Summary screen, as
follows:
Overwrite Installation Summary
Disks: hdisk0
Cultural Convention: en_US
Language: en_US
Keyboard: en_US
64 Bit Kernel Enabled: No
JFS2 File Systems Created: No
Desktop: CDE
Enable System Backups to install any system:
Yes
Optional Software being installed:
>>> 1
88
99
Continue with Install
Help ?
Previous Menu
>>> Choice [1]:
9. Press Enter to begin the BOS installation. The system automatically reboots after
installation is complete.
Step 4. Configure the System after Installation
1. On systems with a graphics display, after a new and complete overwrite installation, the
Configuration Assistant opens. On systems with an ASCII display, after a new and
complete overwrite installation, the Installation Assistant opens.
2. Select the Accept Licenses option to accept the electronic licenses for the operating
system.
3. Set the date and time, set the password for the administrator (root user), and configure
network communications (TCP/IP).
Use any other options at this time. You can return to the Configuration Assistant or the
Installation Assistant by typing configassist or smitty assist at the command line.
4. Select Exit the Configuration Assistant and select Next. Or, press F10 (or ESC+0 ) to
exit the Installation Assistant.
5. If you are in the Configuration Assistant, select Finish now, and do not start
Configuration Assistant when restarting AIX and select Finish.
At this point, the new and complete overwrite BOS installation is complete and the initial
configuration of the system is complete.
2-4
Operating System Installation: Getting Started
Chapter 3. Migration Installation
Use the following steps to migrate your current version of the operating system to AIX 5.2.
•
Step 1. Prepare Your System
•
Step 2. Boot from the AIX Product CD on page 3-2
•
Step 3. Verify Migration Installation Settings and Begin Installation on page 3-2
•
Step 4. Verify System Configuration after Installation on page 3-3
For more information on Migration Installation, refer to the Migration Installation section in
the AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation Guide and Reference.
Refer to the Network Installation Management (NIM) section in the AIX 5L Version 5.2
Installation Guide and Reference, if you are performing a network installation of AIX.
Attention: This procedure requires shutting down and reinstalling the base operating
system. Whenever you reinstall any operating system, schedule your downtime when it
least impacts your workload to protect yourself from a possible loss of data or functionality.
Before you perform a migration installation, ensure you have reliable backups of your data
and any customized applications or volume groups. For instructions on how to create a
system backup, refer to Creating System Backups in the AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation
Guide and Reference.
Step 1. Prepare Your System
1. Ensure that the root user has a primary authentication method of SYSTEM. You can
check this condition by typing the following command:
# lsuser –a auth1 root
following command:
If needed, change the value by typing the
# chuser auth1=SYSTEM root
2. Before you begin the installation, other users who have access to your system must be
logged off.
3. Verify that your applications will run on AIX 5.2. Also, check if your applications are
binary–compatible with AIX 5.2. If your system is an application server, verify that there
are no licensing issues. Refer to your application documentation or provider to verify on
which levels of AIX your applications are supported and licensed.
4. Verify that all currently installed software is correctly entered in the Software Vital
Product Database (SWVPD), by using the lppchk command. To verify that all filesets
have all required requisites and are completely installed, type the following:
# lppchk –v
5. Check that your hardware microcode is up–to–date.
6. All requisite hardware, including any external devices (such as tape drives or
CD/DVD–ROM drives), must be physically connected and powered on. If you need
further information, refer to the hardware documentation that accompanied your system.
7. Use the errpt command to generate an error report from entries in the system error log.
To display a complete detailed report, type the following:
# errpt –a
8. There must be adequate disk space and memory available. AIX 5.2 requires 128 MB of
memory and 2.2 GB of physical disk space. For additional release information, see the
AIX 5.2 Release Notes.
Migration Installation
3-1
9. Make a backup copy of your system software and data. For instructions on how to create
a system backup, refer to the Creating System Backups section in the AIX 5L Version
5.2 Installation Guide and Reference.
10.Turn on attached devices if they are not already on.
Step 2. Boot from the AIX Product CD
1. Insert the AIX Volume 1 CD into the CD–ROM or DVD–ROM device.
2. Reboot the system by typing the following command:
# shutdown –r
3. When the system beeps twice, press F5 on the keyboard (or 5 on an ASCII terminal). If
you have a graphics display, you will see the keyboard icon on the screen when the
beeps occur. If you have an ASCII terminal (also called a tty terminal), you will see the
word keyboard when the beeps occur.
Note:
If your system does not boot using the F5 key (or the 5 key on an ASCII
terminal), refer to your hardware documentation for information on how to get
your system to boot from an AIX product CD.
Select the system console by pressing F1 (or 1 on an ASCII terminal) and press Enter.
Select a language for the BOS Installation menus by typing the corresponding number at
the Choice prompt and press Enter. The Welcome to Base Operating
System Installation and Maintenance menu opens.
Type 2 to select 2 Change/Show Installation Settings and Install in the Choice field
and press Enter.
Welcome to Base Operating System
Installation and Maintenance
Type the number of your choice and press Enter.
>>>.
Choice is indicated by
1 Start Install Now with Default Settings
2 Change/Show Installation Settings and Install
3 Start Maintenance Mode for System Recovery
88 Help ?
99 Previous Menu
>>> Choice [1]:
2
Step 3. Verify Migration Installation Settings and Begin
Installation
1. Verify that Migration is the method of installation. If Migration is not the method of
installation, then select it. Select the disk or disks you want to install.
1
System Settings:
Method of Installation.............Migration
Disk Where You Want to Install.....hdisk0
2. Select Primary Language Environment Settings (AFTER Install).
3. Type 3 to select More Options and press Enter. To use the Help menu to learn more
about the options available during a migration installation, type 88 and press Enter in the
More Options menu . For more information about the installation options available in
3-2
Operating System Installation: Getting Started
AIX 5.2, see the Advanced Options section in the AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation Guide
and Reference.
4. Verify the selections in the Migration Installation Summary screen and press Enter.
5. When the Migration Confirmation menu displays, follow the menu instructions to list
system information or continue with the migration by typing 0 and pressing Enter.
Migration Confirmation
Either type 0 and press Enter to continue the installation, or type the
number of your choice and press Enter.
1
2
3
4
List the saved Base System configuration files which will not be
merged into the system. These files are saved in /tmp/bos.
List the filesets which will be removed and not replaced.
List directories which will have all current contents removed.
Reboot without migrating.
Acceptance of license agreements is required before using system.
You will be prompted to accept after the system reboots.
>>> 0
88
Continue with the migration.
Help ?
+––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
WARNING: Selected files, directories, and filesets (installable options)
from the Base System will be removed. Choose 2 or 3 for more
information.
>>> Choice[0]:
After migration is complete, access this information from the /tmp/bos directory.
Step 4. Verify System Configuration after Installation
After the migration is complete, the system will reboot. Configure the system, as follows:
1. On systems with a graphics display, after a migration installation, the Configuration
Assistant opens. On systems with a ASCII display, after a migration installation, the
Installation Assistant opens.
For more information on the Configuration Assistant or the Installation Assistant, see the
Configuring the Operating System section in the AIX 5L Version 5.2 Installation Guide
and Reference.
2. Select the Accept Licenses option to accept the electronic licenses for the operating
system.
3. Verify the administrator (root user) password and network communications (TCP/IP)
information.
Use any other options at this time. You can return to the Configuration Assistant or the
Installation Assistant by typing configassist or smitty assist at the command line.
4. Select Exit the Configuration Assistant and select Next. Or, press F10 (or ESC+0 ) to
exit the Installation Assistant.
5. If you are in the Configuration Assistant, select Finish now, and do not start
Configuration Assistant when restarting AIX and select Finish.
When the login prompt displays, log in as the root user to perform system administration
tasks.
Migration Installation
3-3
3-4
Operating System Installation: Getting Started
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Title :
ESCALA AIX 5L Operating System Installation Getting Started
Reference Nº :
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Date:
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