Untitled
CPFAFFD
259
INSTRUCTIONS
FOREWORD
Your dream has come true!
You ore now the proud owner of o PFAFF 259—the sewing machine with countless creative possibilities.
more fun for you.
This instruction book will help you understand the machine and give you valuable tips to make sewing
Even if you are an experienced seamstress, you will find this book a valuable guide to easy sewing.
You will find sewing exciting
Follow these simple instructions and familiarize yourself with the exclusive features of your machine.
on your easy-to-operate PFAFF 259.
If you have any sewing problems, pleose contact your Pfaff dealer. He will be glad to help you at any time.
Pfaff International Corporation
New York, N.Y.
1
L
j2
1
/4
12
1
2
Thread take-up lever
Thread retainer stud
11
R 8290
7
Reverse feed control
13
Needle
B
Light switch
14
Drop feed control
15
Automatic needle threader
Needle thread tension
Needle plate
Transverse rotary hook
16
Sewlight
17
Stitch width dial
Bed slide
18
Needle position lever
9
Zigzag finger-tip control
Bobbin winder
10
S
Stop motion knob
11
6
Stitch length dial
12
3
4
2
IL— 20
19
21
/
t29
R 8292
19
Balance wheel
23
Face cover
27
Needle set screw
20
Collapsible spool pins
24
Presser bar lifter
28
Bed plate
21
Top cover
Needle threader control
25
Sewing foot thumb screw
29
26
Sewing foot
30
Space for built-in motor
Double receptacle for speed control and
22
power cords
3
R 8250
c /i1ac.4in Qt’22’.aticn
.4
before you
Make sure stop motion knob b is tightened
arrow).
begin sewing (clockwise as indicated by white
turn it to
Whenever you have to turn balance wheel a,
arrow).
ward you (counter-clockwise as shown by black
d
have fabric under the presser foot.
Never run a threaded machine unless you
sewing foot automatically. All you have to do
The machine will feed the material under the
pushing or pulling the fabric while stitching
is guide the work. Never try to hasten feeding by
because the needle may bend or break.
All
.4
take-up
Always turn the balance wheel toward you until
and
begin
you
lever d is at its highest position before
e
observ this
after you have completed a seam. Failure to
needle eye.
rule may cause the thread to slip out of the
take-up
the
with
work
the
e
remov
Also, it is easier to
lever up.
R 8251
4
Knee Control
right knee lightly
knee control lever.
the
against
The harder you press, the faster
Press
I
the
the machine will run.
&&ct2icat Lnotmatton
Push plug 1 into receptacle 2, and plug 3
at other end of card into the wall outlet.
The foot or knee control is permanently
connected to the machine.
Foot Control
Place the foot control under the
cabinet within easy reach of your
foot. Rest the right foot on the
speed control and press. The
harder you press, the faster the
machine will run.
5
R 7132
R 8007
$tit.4mn
$tzaljk 9
For straight-stitch sewing set:
Dial A —0
Lever B
—
4
ber on the dial, the longer the
Dial G regulates the stitch length (the higher the num
ess the finger-tip control.
stitch). To backtack the end of a seam, simply depr
6
R7998
R 7999
2
i
qa9 $eivin
if you want to sew a few wide zigzag stitches while the machine is set for straight
stitching (A on 0), merely press down the finger-tip control. When the lever is
released, the machine resumes straight slitching automatically.
To sew longer zigzag seams, turn dial A to desired stitch width (indicated by
numbers 1 to 4).
When dial A is set between /s and 2, you can double the stitch width by depress
ing the finger-tip control (important for making buttonholes and non-auto
matic embroidery designs).
When you push the control up, the machine will sew straight, regardless of the
stitch width set.
Lever B changes the position of the needle in the needle plate slot. Thus the
stitching can be moved from the center to the left or right of the slot, as desired.
The position of lever B (left, center, right) mdi
cates the position of the needle in the needle
plate slat.
Dial G lengthens zigzag stitches or
$- packs them more closely together
(satin stitch).
7
R7995
6
n
?‘c
i
tOin?in9 he 6
b all the way to the left
Hold the balance wheel and turn stop motion knob
(cou nter-clockwise).
bobbin thread should
Place spool of thread on right-hand spool pin. The
little finer.
a
or
spool,
on
the
used
that
always be the same size as
retainer stud g,
Pull thread from spool and lead it clockwise around thread
crossing the thread.
R 8296
2
R 8259
R 7101
—i
Pass end of thread through slot in bobbin, from inside. Set bobbin on bobbin winder
spindle so that key at bose of spindle enters slot in bobbin. Press in lever i.
Hold end of thread and start machine. Having wound a few turns, break off end of
thread and continue winding.
Bobbin winder will stop automatically when bobbin is full.
If you don’t want a full bobbin, press out lever i when sufficient amount of thread has
been wound.
4
7
6
5
R7067
R 7099
R7102
i
46
a
7
66 int, 1i
ô
3
?
Q.tin a ‘tutt in
9
Lns
Caw
falls
left hand so that the thread end
As shown in illustration 1, hold bobbin in
bobbin into bobbin case.
from the top down toward you, and insert
slot.
and pull the thread into the case
Hold the bobbin firmly in the bobbin case
at
until it emerges from the opening
Pull the threod under the tension spring
the
from
g
hangin
inches of thread
the end of the spring. Leave about three
bobbin case.
bobbin cannot fall out.
Hold the case by its open latch, so that the
R$867
R 8001
cot thc 73,66in
A
Ctw
slide, so you
Raise needle to its highest point and open bed
can see sewing hook.
and lift latch k
Reach under the machine with your left hand
bobbin by
with your forefinger. Pull out bobbin case with
empty bobbin
holding the latch. When you release latch k the
drops out.
tO
I
R5869
2
1n Case
6
ie.tmnti the 73c6
L
n
3
It is best to tilt machine bock when inserting bobbin case the first time. After
you hove become more practiced, you will manage without tilting it. Move bed
slide all the way to the left. Make sure the needle is still at its highest point.
With the thumb and forefinger of left hand, lift latch k and turn bobbin case
until slot at end of latch points up (see arrow). Then place it on center stud s
of hook.
R 8006
A
In replacing the bobbin case, itis best to hold the loose end of
thread so that it will not get jammed between bobbin case
and hook. Release latch k and press against bobbin case
until you hear it snap into place. An improperly inserted
bobbin case will cause needle breakage.
11
usene
Types of Fabrics
Mercerized
Cotton
80
to
Fine Fabrics
such as georgette, chiflon, batiste,
voile, lawn, silk.
100
Lightweight Fabrics
70
s,
such as dress silks and cotton
sheer woolens, shirting, droperies.
to
Medium Fabrics
50
Silk
0
ooo
A & B
be used in the needle and
The same size threads should
ed seamstresses prefer a
on the bobbin. Some experienc
d. However, the bobbin
somewhat thinner bobbin threa
than the needle thread.
thread never should be thicker
80
twist
B & C
4F1
90
twist
70
r
...
Heavy Fabrics
,
such as coating, denim, corduroy
slipcover fabrics, bed tickings,
lightweight canvas.
40
Very Heavy Fabrics
24
as,
such as heavy tickings, canv
overcoating, sailcloth, uphoistery.
to
including nylon, orIon, dacron,
plastics, etc.
70
twist
to
C & D
ioo
twist
50
90
E
twist
40
Determined by
weight of fabric
40 to 50
to
110
Determined
bythreadsiz
61)
,“Vte
seam is dependent on the
The appearance of the finished
le, thread and fabric.
correct relationship between need
needles from this chart.
Select the proper thread sizes and
60
or
to
80
such as lightweight woolens.
y
madras, muslin, brocades, heav
silks and rayon, gabardine.
Synthetics, Rayon, Acetate
Needle
Size
to 80
12
6 cut /??tc
itant 9att.c a
R, flat-shank needles are used for
On PFAFF 259 sewing machines, System 130
The needle system is stamped on
all ordinary sewing and embroidery work.
130 R, are available from every
the bed slide. Genuine Pfaff needles, System
not be used.
Pfaff dealer. Bent or blunt needles should
4n t4
Chn
1
9
sewing foot.
Bring needle bar to its highest point and lower
old needle out of needle clamp.
Loosen needle set screw o half a turn and pull
and push it up as far as it
Inserl new needle into opening of needle clamp
shank faces toward the back and
will go. Make sure that the flat side of the
screw o.
long groove toward you. Tighten needle set
13
R 6798
Place spooi of thread on spool pin 3 and lead thread end through both
thread retainer openings 4 (see illustration opposite).
Lead thread clockwise around tension and pull it between any two of
the tension discs 5.
Bring take.up lever 6 as high as it will go and pass thread from right
to left through one of the holes at its end. Pull thread into slots at left
of thread guides 7 and Band then into the slot at left of needle clamp 9.
Then thread needle, front to back. The automatic needle threader will
do this for you easily and quickly.
14
‘0
a,
a,
7*
7
Oratinfj th /V?( ‘hrae
I
hole of the
Before you begin make sure that the needle is at its highest position, i.e. that the lower
cover.
ascending take-up lever d is in line with the bottom edge of the top
Now lower the sewing foot and
opposite
With your left hand push needle threader control down until threader prong w (see
position.
this
in
control
page) penetrates needle eye. Keep
Hold thread loosely and lead it from left around the small pin, then place it behind hook
of threader prong.
Relese control slightly until prong w reverses and pulls thread through needle eye.
Jerk control down again so the thread ioop will fall off the proflg. Pull thread through needle
eye and release control.
R 8008
1
it 8013
2
it 8009
3
R 8010
4
R 8011
When you have hod sufficient needle threading practice, you may
shorten the procedure as follows:
Push needle threader control down. Place thread behind hook of prong
w so that its end is about ‘/s inch to the right of the prong. Slowly release control. Prong w now pulls end of the thread —--instead of the loop
through needle eye.
Since take-up lever d is not at its highest point when you thread the
needle, pull about four inches of thread through the needle eye before
you begin sewing.
-
V
w
6 C7hzea?
1n
6
c
7ain bti hz 3
A
Hold needle thread lightly in your left hand. Turn balance wheel toward you until the
needle moves down and up again and take-up lever reaches its highest position.
Lightly pull needle thread to draw bobbin thread up through needle plate slot. Place
both threads bock under sewing loot before you put fabric into machine.
17
C,rect ‘7nicn Ze9ntatIcn
will
sewing. If your tension is correct, you
Balanced tensions are essential for
(Ill).
hove perfect seams as sketched below
Sketch
Cause:
—
ide of the fabric.
The threads interlock on the unders
tension too tight.
Upper tension too loose or lower
the surface of the fabric.
Sketch II The threads interlock on
—
Cause:
tension too loose.
Upper tension too tight or lower
‘P
R 6004
A
ore correctly balanced, take
To check whether the tensions
and sew a few straight
a closely woven piece of fabric
stitches are tightly drawn
and zigzag seams. If the straight
(see seam sketch Ill), the
in on both sides of the fabric
way to double-checkthis
tensions are correct. The surest
Ii the zigzag seam is
is by examining a zigzag seam.
ide of the fabric, that
equally wide on surface and unders
exactly at the zigs and zags
is, if the threads are locked
is correct.
of the seam, the tension adjustment
18
7qutaeIF19
th ‘7.4e4? ‘7.€nsit,n
The bobbin thread tension rarely needs adjusting, except for embroidery when it
should be a little tighter than for ordinary sewing. Adjustment is made by a
small knurled screw on the bobbin case which can be turned with the thumb tip.
Turn it left —( for looser tension.
Turn it right )- for tighter tension.
tension by holding the thread end between thumb
bobbin
Determine correct
and forefinger and letting the bobbin case hang freely. The tension should be
strong enough to keep the bobbin case from being pulled dawn by its own
weight. However, as you jerk your hand slightly, the bobbin case should grad
ually slide down.
-
-
-;.-‘-
A
The final stitch appearance can be regulated by the upper
tension dial, as follows:
Turn left
Turn right
cE( for looser tension.
for tighter tension.
The upper tension is so designed that all grades of ten
sion —— loose to tight——can be covered with one complete
turn of the tension dial. The numbers on the tension dial
indicate different degrees of tension. The higher the num
ber, the greater the tension. For ordinary sewing, the
upper tension should be set between 3 and 5.
Your upper tension has a third disc for two-needle work.
R8029
19
$tttch ijti4 7eutancn
desired stitch length is apposite the
Turn dial until the number indicating the
. Or sew a few stitches and regu
mark on the dial housing (see straight arrow)
late stitch length as required.
the scale is just as large as the
To facilitate satin stitching, the 0—I range on
of fabric and thread size used.
1—4 section. The sefting depends on the type
For normal satin stitching, set dial on 0.2.
7eo.ce ,5ewin6
simply press the finger-tip control
Ta backtack the beginning or end of a seam,
machine resumes forward sewing
down. When the control is released, the
g rips with the ordinary sewing
automatically. This feature is ideal for darnin
foot.
the fabric slightly sideways.
To do this, operate the control in rhythm and move
other.
the
In this way, one seam is placed neatly beside
length as forward stitches.
The reverse stitches will be about the same
20
the ,i41ahLne ‘Eee
The machine feed is dropped for darning, hoop embroidery and button sew
ing.
To lower feed below the needle plate, turn drop feed control v clock
wise. Fabric will cease feeding.
When control v is turned to the right as far as it will go, feeding of the
fabric resumes automatically when you start sewing.
21
R6705
R 7086
anJi,s1f
1
Ch
ti $ivii
9cc
bars to their highest positions
Lift both needle and presser
foot
b screw to the left. Tilt the
and turn the sewing foot thum
the
en
tight
Slipon new foot and
sideways and pull it down.
screw securely.
R 8005
R 8012
R 7085
rniny
7
a
I
ch darning foot from the rear.
Remove the sewing foot. Atta
p
it is behind the needle clam
Hold spring clip n so that
illus
as
d
Attach darning hook
screw, and tighten screw c.
n
r presser bar lifter e, the dar
lowe
trated so that when you
bar
Remember to lower presser
ing foot will stay in position.
on is activated.
lifter e so that the upper tensi
22
Ca
an /14intnan€e
Longevity and smooth machine performance are dependent on regular and
proper cleaning and oiling.
Use Pfaff sewing machine oil only. Never lubricate machine with animal or
vegetable oils. Remove afl lint before oiling.
All moving and rotating parts require regular lubrication, It is advisable to
establish a pattern when oiling your machine. Begin under the bedplate. The
principal oiling points are marked by arrows.
V
A
The raceway in the sewing hook is the most important
oiling point. Put one drop of oil into the raceway each
day you sew. A dry raceway will cause rapid wear.
Dorit forget to oil the bearings and bevel gears of the
short hook shaft.
23
removing the
The oiling points in the machine arm can be reached easily by
of oil may soil
top cover, Oil should be applied sparingly. Excessive quantities
usually will
oil
of
drops
two
or
One
hness.
e
sluggis
the work and cause machin
suffice.
To pull cover up, tilt it back and lift.
R 8063
I? 8295
Oiling points in the machine
head
24
yi1a /ilac4iiw
Cae
Accumulations of lint pocked between the tooth rows of the feed cause noisy
operation of the mochine. Therefore, from time to time, remove the needle
plate and clean the feed with a toothpick or similar wooden object.
The needle plate is held in place by a press stud and can be removed without
a screwdriver. To do this, lift back end first and tilt out.
y
I
R 8031
R 8028
A
Tilt the machine back and take out bobbin case and
bobbin. With a soft brush remove the lint which has accu
mulated in the vicinity of the sewing hook.
Once in a while your PFAFF should be given a thorough
checkup by your Pfaff dealer.
25
$e141ifJht 9ts
the machine arm and con be
The 15-watt sewlighi is recessed under
swung out by pulling down the grille.
socket, turn left, and pull
To chonge the light bulb: Push bulb into
out.
be sure to slide bulb pins
When inserting new PFAFF light bulb,
into bayonet socket slots.
grille. Note voltage of electric
Press bulb in and turn right. Close
circuit.
R8066A
Press this
button to switch
sewlight on and off.
R8067A
e $/loctin
‘7ôti
t
6
1. Machine Skips Stitches
Cause:
Needle incorrectly inserted.
Remedy:
Push needle up as far as it will go and be sure that the long groove
faces toward you, and flat side of shank away from you.
£
Wrong needle.
The correct needle system is stamped on bed slide.
(For ordinary sewing, use System 130 R needles.)
Needle bent.
Insert new needle.
Machine threaded improperly.
Check and correct threading as instructed on pages 14 ond 15.
Needle too fine or too thick for the thread.
Use correct needle ond thread.
2. Needle Thread Breaks
I
Cause:
Remedy:
The above mentioned may cause thread breakage.
See remedies listed under 1. above.
Thread tension too tight.
Adjust tensions as instructed.
Poor or knotty thread used.
Use good quolity threads only.
Hook raceway is jammed with thread or needs
Clean and oil hook raceway.
oiling.
Burrs or sharp edges on needle plate slot.
Polish needle plate slot with fine emery cloth.
27
3. Needle Breaks
Co use:
Bent needle strikes point of sewing hook.
Needle too thin or thread too heavy.
Fabric pulls needle so it bends and strikes needle
Remedy:
Replace needle at once to prevent further damage.
Use correct needle and thread sizes.
.
Don’t force the feeding motion. Guide the material lightly
plate.
Bobbin case inserted incorrectly.
Push bobbin case until you hear it snap into place.
4. Faulty Stitch Formation
Cause:
Improper tension.
Thread too heavy, knotty or hard.
Bobbin unevenly wound.
Pieces of thread between tension discs.
Remedy:
Adjust tensions as instructed.
and fabric.
Use only first-rote thread—the correct size for the needle
, but lead it
Don’t run thread over finger when winding the bobbin
around thread retainer stud an top cover.
Raise presser bar lifter and remove thread.
5. Machine Feeds Improperly
Cause:
Feed dog set too low, does not rise up enough above
needle plate level.
Accumulations of lint packed between feed teeth.
Remedy:
Have your Pfoff dealer make the necessary adjustment.
Take off needle plate and remove lint with a stiff brush.
28
6. Machine Works Heavily
Cause:
Motor belt has shrunk and causes excessive pres
Remedy:
Have your Piaff dealer adjust the belt tension.
sure on bearings.
Hook raceway lacks oil or is obstructed by pieces
Clean and oil hook raceway.
of thread.
Mechanism clogged by inferior oil.
Bobbin winder working while sewing (when a
glycerine.
Use only Pfaff sewing machine oil—never salad oil or
Stop bobbin winder.
bobbin is not being filled).
Thread Jamming
erly.
jam, even if the machine should be handled improp
The new PFAFF rotary hook will not normally
ent to overcome
sewing hook, the power of the motor will be suffici
If thread should happen to jam in the raceway of the
hard working of the mechanism.
ing the instructions on page 4.
mming can be avoided, however, by follow
1
Thread a
29
R 7153
Machine Setting:
Edge Stitching
dL?6O
Zipper Insertion
Machine Setting:
A —0
A —0 to 4 (optional)
B-
B-*
wrong side
Pin or baste closed zipper on
nds on
depe
er
zipp
of
of fabric. Position
of the
edge
the
whether or not you want
ric
fab
fabric to overlap the zipper. Turn
to
close
to right side. Run a straight seam
ss end and
left edge of zipper, stitch acro
us oper
inuo
cont
one
in
up the other side
a guide.
as
foot
of
ation. Use right edge
follow
tion,
inser
For other types of zipper
e.
kag
directions in your zipper pac
.
zigzag
Sew parallel rows of straight or
the
from
nces
dista
stitches at various
seam
le
stab
fabric edge by using adju
e stitcher
guide No. 53077 and the edg
seam
(without quilting gauge). The
bed
ine
mach
the
to
ned
guide is faste
er
wid
For
.
screw
b
with the long thum
e
guid
e
edg
turn
marginal stitching,
e.
guid
a
as
haifa turn and use low end
Quilting
Machine Setting:
/
-
--
-r
A —0 or 2 (optional)
with the
Edge stitcher No. 41350 used
l rows of
quilting gouge sews paralle
ce of the
stitching over the entire surfa
finger
ge
gau
the
de
gui
fabric. Always
hes.
stitc
of
row
ing
along the preced
seat pads
Attractive tea cosies, slippers,
and covers con be quilted.
R8033
30
R 8032
Flat Felled Seams
Machine Setting:
A—O or 2 (optional)
B—
•
in two
Flat felled seoms ore used to durably join two pieces of fobric. They ore made
operations.
used for
FbI felled seams usuolly ore stroight-stitched. Narrow zigzag stitches ore
felling on ebosticized fabrics only.
First Seam
protruding
Loy pieces together with the wrong sides focing ond the bottom piece
fobric is
bottom
the
that
so
illustrated,
as
foot,
/a inch. Feed both pieces into felling
R 7171
folded over edge of top piece and
stitched down. Make sure that
protruding seam allowance is not
folded twice.
Second Seam
jf
insert seam ridge
Open the two pieces, place them under the needle right side up,
second seam is
that
sure
Make
into felling foot opening, and stitch down to the left.
pboced close to the edge but not beyond it.
r
zigzag felling.
The felling foot has aneedle slot, rather than a needle hole, to permit
31
R7154
IJT’
6261
U
Hemming
Rolled Hems
Machine Setting:
A —2 to 4
.
B
—
4 (optionol)
Machine Setting: A— 0 or 2 to
B- 4.
4
h sheer or delicate fabrics.
Rolled hems are used to finis
hem, ease thread tension
For a smooth, unpuckered
3. Ta hem tricot fabrics,
slightly and set dial A on 2 or
the widest zigzag stitch so
increase the tension and use
t.
the hem has a rolled sheH effec
V
able if you
The hemmer foot is indispens
You con hem
wont to sew o uniform hem.
depending
with straight or zigzag stitches,
using. Clip off
on the type of fabric you ore
itate insertion
facil
to
c
the corner of the fabri
c so that
fabri
into the hemmer foot. Feed
left edge
the
the raw edge is in line with
you feed less,
of the hemmer foot opening. If
twice and the
the fabric will not be folded
ugly ends by
id
Avo
.
show
row edge will
press the
this,
do
To
slowing down feeding.
the left
on
plate
fabric against the needle
end
the
to
e
side of the foot before you com
of the hem.
R7172
32
R 5915
51378
Overcasting Edges
Machine Setting:
.4
A —2 to 4 (optional)
B
—
4
Overcasting prevents frayed edges. Use a long, wide zigzag stitch and sew edge with
the needle taking one stitch into the fabric and the other over its edge. You moy
overcast edges after fabric is cut and before the pieces are loined.
R7169
L
R 5925
51378
Butt Seaming
Machine Setting:
A—3or4
B— 4.
Two similar pieces of fabric which do not ravel easily may be butted together and
joined with zigzag stitches. Worn bed sheets may be mended this way. Cut out worn
center strip. Place the selvaged edges of the remaining pieces of sheet under the
sewing foot so that the abutted edges are centered under the needle. Join them with
close, wide zigzag stitches. Hem raw edges of sheet.
33
51378
Attaching Lace
Inserting Lace
Machine Setting:
A—I to 3 (optional)
B
—
operation.
You can attach lace edging in one simple
narrow
with
fabric
to
Sew
edge.
Overlap lace on raw
fabric
and
lace
into
stitch
zigzog stitches, taking one
Machine Setting:
A —1 to 3 (optional)
B-
.
and the other into lace only.
Pin or baste lace on fabric. Sew together
with needle taking one stitch into fabric
‘V
alone and one into the lace. Carefully trim
excess fobric underneath.
R 7170
34
R7177
1278
Inserting Patches
A—2 to 4 (optional)
Machine Setting:
B—
•
Large holes con be patched quickly. The following method may be used for jersey
fabrics. Cut patch so that its grain wilt match the rest of the fabric. Place the patch
over the damaged area. Sew it down with a wide zigzag stitch of medium length.
R 7156
-
A.
For additional strength stitch over corners twice. Turn over and trim close to seams.
35
R 7162
h621
Srngle-Needle Cording
Machine Setting:
A —2
Shirring
.
B
—
1. Trace pattern on
Set stitch length between 7s and
under the groove in the
fabric and place a filler thread
pattern and hold the
w
the
sole of the cording foot. Follo
filler thread lightly.
Machine Setting:
2 (optional)
A— 2 to V/
8-4
but
Follow above directions for shirririg,
on
than
r
place filler thread under rathe
d
top of the fabric. Fabric and filler threa
cs-$c
foot.
both are guided in the groove of the
of
ness
thick
on
nds
depe
Width of zigzag
filler thread used.
g seam,
When you have finished the zigza
thread to
slide material along the filler
ing with a
distribute fullness. Finish the shirr
.
hing
stitc
line of straight
or pull it
Leave filler thread in the shirring
titch, de
ght-s
out, piece by piece, as you strai
shirring
pending on the stress to which the
will be exposed.
R7159
36
R 7152
R 7163
6I21
Applique Work
Machine Setting:
s to 3
A—1
/
1
B
—
Pin or bosie applique on fabric and overcast edges. Appliques also can be attached
with a satin stitch or any embroidery design.
I
R 7167
37
R 7429
•;
Ic
4612!
Openwork Embroidery
Machine Setting:
A —0 and 272
8—
ry. Although similar
excellent for openwork embroide
There are hundreds of patterns
ler. Let’s embroider
work embroidery is much simp
in appearance to applique, open
e, using short straight
, sew over all traced lines twic
the 25-square box illustrated. First
stitch. Make sure
lines with a medium-wide satin
stitches. Then sew over straight-stitch
squares look neat.
are even so the corners of your
that your rows of satin stitching
-
.4
that you don’t injure
every other square. Be careful
When you finish sewing, cut out
the seams.
s with an embroidery
design, outline flowers or free form
To make an attractive modern
.
design instead of satin stitching
.4
J.
-‘-
:
R7179
38
R 7221
46727
51376
Scroliwork
Making Stuffed Animals
Machine Setting:
Machine Setting:
A— 1
2
/
a
.
8
+
Stuffed animals are wonderful toys for the
little
folk and they are so easy to make. Some scraps
of
material or oilcloth and a piece of cardboard
is
all you need for this elephant, for instance.
8—4.
outline with a wide satin stitch, move hoops right,
then left, alternating the rhythm and the direction
by using variegated thread.
them with a zigzag seam. Attach ears and
join
pieces by overcasting edges with a medium-wid
e
satin stitch, leaving openings for the tusks. Set
in
tusks, glue on eyes and tack on toil. Stuff elepha
nt
with cotton, inserting wadding through open soles
and tip of trunk. Close openings with cardbo
ard
covered with oilcloth.
39
-
Draw design on fabric. Clamp work into embroi
dery hoops. As you are following the scrollwork
of your movements. An exciting note may be added
Outline pattern on material and cut out pieces
without a seam allowance. Insert some cotton
wadding into the ears before you fold and
close
R 7222
A—2 to 4(optional)
R 7t50
51378
Imitation Hemstitching
Machine Setting
A
B
—
21/2
—
Stitch Length:
1—11/2
Increase Tension
e
and so forth, can be mad
dkerchiefs, blouses, dresses
han
on
ts
effec
g
hin
stitc
Beautiful hem
Loosely woven
Pfaff stores at extra cost.
ng) needle available at
with Pfaff’s System 130 (wi
while woolly
g
hin
well suited to hemstitc
andy, georgette, etc., are
stitching
fabrics, such as batiste, org
tions close up. Since the hem
ed because needle penetra
fabrics are not recommend
far enough for
screw must be turned out
ker shank, the needle set
thic
htly
slig
a
has
dle
ader.
nee
h the automatic needle thre
dle cannot be threaded wit
nee
g
chin
stif
hem
The
n.
insertio
R 7138
ple (see sketch).
Hemstitching is very sim
I
hed.
of the area to be hemstitc
Sew first row on the left
2
t.
dle is in fabric on the righ
Stop mochine when nee
w, and lower foot again.
ric in the direction of arro
Lift sewing foot, turn fab
that needle
erial parallel to first row so
wn in sketch, guiding mat
sho
,
as
row
ond
sec
4 Sew
it descends on the right.
previous zigzag stitches as
penetrates needle holes of
needle in fabric
stitching, alternately leave
re than two lines of hem
5 If you ore making mo
as directed
on needle, and proceed
turning points, pivot fabric
on the left and right at
3
a bove.
40
R7140
Hemstitching
fabrics. For this type of work use
Hemstitching is successful on linen and twilled
an ordinary needle.
machine for a medium-wide zigzag
Draw several threads out of the fabric. Set
making sure that ‘zigs” and
stitch and sew along both edges of the strip,
te each other. Set stitch length according
“zags” in both rows are exactly opposi
to thread bar width you desire.
is the length you want. Zigzag
Draw threads from the edge until your fringe
.
edging
and you wilt have picot
along this line
——
Blindstitching
69
Machine Setting:
A—i to 2 (optional)
Stitch Length:
B —.
Maximum
laborious task. You can do it easily
Hemming dresses and skirts by hand is a
. Use zigzag foot No. 51378 with
on your PFAFF on medium and heavy fabrics
buy at your Pfoff store. Attach the
blindstitch guide No. 46669, which you can
h the sewing foot slot. Use a No. 70
guide so that its vertical flange goes throug
in the needle.
needle, a loose upper tension, and thin thread
2
Next, follow this procedure:
material once (Fig. 1), unselvaged
Turn fabric wrong side up. Fold selvaged
or baste hem. Guide work evenly,
fabric twice (Fig. 2). It is advisable to press
of blindstitch guide. Set dial A
holding top hem edge against vertical flange
folded edge and right stitch up to
so that needle takes left stitch exactly in the
op
d, stitches will not be visible on t
or over the hem edge. When hem is finishe
side.
R7139
41
R 8046
o’es
Sewing Buttonh
Machine Setting:
B
A _lh/z
Stitch Length:
—
0.2
ole
uge to buttonh
on buttonhole go
16 and set slide
es
510
ch
.
rea
No
t
m
foo
seo
t
Attach buttonhole
beginning of firs
right length when
the
is
e
hol
ton
e but
length desired. Th
).
icator (see arrow
ind
e
slid
of
special
red end
a buttonhole. All
anged in sewing
ch
be
not
d
ing).
settings nee
wn (for bartack
The basic machine
(for tying off) or do
up
F
er
lev
g
by simply pushin
settings are mode
V
re prominent but
If you prefer mo
R 8042
gh
ou
thr
filler cord
tonholes, pull a
toe of foot. To get
the hole in left
length, sew on a
fabrics, it is
the correct stitch
t or loosely woven
g buttonholes in sof
kin
ma
In
.
ial
ter
engthen but
piece of scrap ma
material. To str
paper under the
ue
tiss
of
ce
pie
material
ce a
advisable to pla
firmly woven cotton
insert a piece of
s,
ric
fab
t
kni
t and
tonholes in trica
ric layers.
fab
the
between
R 7994
42
Instructions for Buttonholing
t
I Sew first side over a filler cord. When beginning of
seam reaches slide indicator on buttonhole gauge, it is
the right length. Leave needle in fobric on right side of
U
its throw.
2 Lift foot, turn fabric around clockwise, using needle as
a pivot. Lower foot, take one stitch to the left, pull filler
cord tout and lay it parallel to completed line of stitch
ing.
3 Press lever F down. Make 4 to 6 bortack stitches, slight
ly closing together buttonhole end to reduce length of
bar,
4 Release lever F. Trim filler cord at end of first stitch row. Sew second
row and stop about 6 to 6 stitches from end of first row.
5 Press lever F down. Make second tack, as instructed above.
6 Push lever F up and make 3 to 4 tying stitches.
with
7 Trim both the sewing and filler threads, Open the buttonhole
your seam ripper. Be careful not to inure the bartacks.
43
R7160
.62O
Button Sewing
ach
rings with your PFAFF. Att
buttons, hooks, eyes or
Don’t be afraid to sew on
e feed.
46120 and drop machin
button sewing foot No.
Buttons with normal
Machine Setting:
(5/a)
B
A —0
I
es
spacing between hol
—
left
so that needle will enter
sewing foot and align
e
Place button under button
thre
or
hine, making two
ugh hole and start mac
hes
hole. Let needle stitch thro
sew as many zigzag stitc
r F all the way down and
in
tying stitches. Press leve
Release lever F and aga
fasten button securely.
to
ry
essa
nec
m
dee
as you
g stitches.
make two or three tyin
second pair
s, stitching through the
repeat the above proces
and
ton
but
ion
osit
rep
fe buttons, lift foot,
When sewing on four-ha
of holes.
ner.
attached in the some man
Hooks, eyes or rings are
g between holes
h narrower spacin
snap fasteners wit
Smaller buttons or
•
dle
t, usually to 3”, until nee
e. Turn dial A ta the righ
hol
left
ugh
thro
h
stitc
e
dle
h lever F up and mak
sewing foot and let nee
you think necessary. Pus
as
Place button under button
hes
stitc
ag
zigz
y
as man
e. Start machine and sew
is centered over right hol
Machine Setting:
B—
.
two or three tying stitches
ed above.
s ore attached as discuss
Smaller four-hole button
44
U
53
Darning
Machine Setting:
A—O
.
4
B—
Prepare your machine for darning as follows:
Remove presser foot and drop machine feed. Use feed cover plate No. 41 251 to
increase tautness of fabric in hoops and permit free movement. To fasten the feed
cover plate to the machine, slip its finger into the hole of the needle plate, as illustrated,
turn, and fasten in position with bed slide (see illustration below).
R 5918
R 5914
Attach darning foot as instructed on page 22, and suspend presser bar from the rear
of the face cover with darning hook No. 46128. Even though the presser bar is sus
pended, the presser bar lifter must be lowered to activate the tension, or the upper
thread tension will be released——and you cannot sew without it.
Place fabric into darning hoops.
45
-:
R 5924
R 5916
R5913
Thin Spots
’
Remember that “a stitch in time saves nine
thin
worn
and reinforce spots that hove
and
with short stitches made lengthwise
into
ocross worn section. Clomp fabric
the
r
unde
y
it
freel
e
mov
s
and
darning hoop
Triangular Tears
plac
Triangular tears are best darned by
and
s
hoop
een
betw
ing the torn section
th
leng
and
ss
making close stitches acro
with
le
need
wise. Move work under the
both hands.
needle.
normal
Long rips may be darned with the
e ma
Rais
s.
sewing foot and withaut hoop
stitch
se
chine feed and use forward-rever
46
1
s by
Darn small and medium-size hole
fabric
trimming ragged edges with the
ss the
acro
forth
and
h
back
groin. First stitc
the
with
r
othe
the
to
hole from one side
turn
Then
d.
spee
machine running at high
back
the fabric at right angles and sew
t
shor
and forth over preceding work with
orn
stitches. This anchors threads in the unw
.
hole
the
area around
control.
T
Small Holes
K 3YO
Monogram Embroidery
Machine Setting:
4
A
—
according to desired width
B
—
Script letters are best for monogram embroidery without a sewing foot. It requires a
little practice. You will soon enjoy creative embroidery once you hove learned to
move the material at a uniform rate. The fabric should be held taut in the hoops,
the presser bar suspended and the presser bar lifter lowered. Drop machine feed.
Lower needle into fabric at the beginning of your design and draw bobbin thread
up through the fabric. Hold both thread ends and sew over outline, moving hoops
slowly and evenly. To give your monogram dimensional quality, embroider outline
twice. Be sure stitches are closely spaced.
46121
Sewing Monograms
Machine Setting:
A
—
/s to 3
21
.
B
—
The procedure below is primarily used for block letters. Raise machine feed and set
machine for satin stitch. Attach cord stitcher and sew outlines of monogram. Watch
that seams do not overlap at joints of letters. To raise monogram, insert.o filler thread.
Ask your Pfaff dealer to show you P FAF F’s Ornamentograph, the ingeniously
designed monogram and ornamental stitch attachment. You will marvel at
its versatility and delight in its countless creative possibilities.
47
R7165
FF 259. use Cording
To cord on your PFA
is available at extra
Kit No. 50176 which
es:
The Cording Kit compris
needle dis
for
s
der
hol
dle
nee
4 double/6e inch;
Jo4, /32 and
tances of
ding plates (2 with
3 cordhig feet; 3 cor
h center claw);
cord ducts and I wit
8 needles; ond
1 packoge of System 130
itional parts for
I screwdriver. Add
ilable at extra
heavier cording ore ava
cost.
ble-needle
interchangeable dou
ch.
holder is easy to atta
The
R 6942
A
e Holder
Changing the Needl
dle holders.
screw and change nee
point, loosen small set
t
hes
hig
r
to
leve
toward the
Bring take-up
w must always point
large needle set scre
The
ly.
ure
sec
w
Tighten set scre
right.
holders,
/64-inch double-needle
/,o and 5
nd-shank needles in
rou
B
130
tem
Sys
s.
der
Use
3/35 and ‘/64-inch needle hol
-shank needles in
and System 130 R flat
cover plate.
e 45 for mounting feed
r to instructions on pag
refe
e,
plat
g
din
cor
To attach
48
Increase the bobbin thread tension slightly for cording. Pfaff recommends you fill your
cording so it keeps its shape in the laundry. Filler cord thickness depends on cording
size you want. To sew filled cording, use the two cording plates with cord ducts.
Only very narrow tucks are made without filler cord.
Machine Setting:
A—0
B—
Additional Information on Cording
Ordinory cording in medium.heavy fabric is made with cording foot No. 41 791 and
cording plate No. 41 842.
For thicker cording use foot No. 41790 with cording plate No. 105996.
Cording foot No. 41 792 and plate Ne. 41 842 (with center claw, but without cord duct)
serve to moke narrow air tucks in lightweight material.
Pin tucks also ore made with cording foot No. 41792, but without cording plate.
Cording plate No. 41 845 with high center claw is used chiefly for cording in thick felt.
Cording height and width ore determined by the distance between the two needles,
the cord diameter and the height of the ridge on the cording plate. Thread tensions
also influence cording size. For uniform spacing of parallel tucks, ottach an adustable
guide to the cording foot. When space between tucks is very narrow, place the preceding
seam into one of the grooves of the foot and use it as a guide. This procedure insures
uniform and parallel rows of cording.
49
R 6945
4E
51378
Ornamental Sewing
t and zigzag
s by alternating straigh
g fashion stitch design
itin
exc
ke
mo
can
You
this, depress
needle position. To do
th, stitch width or
leng
h
stitc
g
yin
var
stitching,
illustrated below.
e of these designs are
lever F in rhythm. Som
converted into a
r PFAFF 259 can be
sed to know that you
Surely you will be plea
will be glad to do
your Pfaff dealer who
at any time. iust see
PFAFF 260 Automatic
variety of beautiful
you con sew an endless
the PFAFF Automotic
h
Wit
.
you
for
job
this
seom.
as simply as any plain
ely automatically and
plet
com
s
ign
des
tive
decora
V
-
R8297
R5414
A
tomatic
The PFAFF 260 Au
not require any
ngly simple and does
le machine is surprisi
sati
ver
this
of
on
rati
Ope
special skill.
machine con
above illustration) the
roidery design dial (see
With the aid of the emb
s.
h in a matter of second
be set for any desired stitc
hine can do.
primary designs the mac
of the dial are only the
Pictured on both sides
pattern or
the
changing the length of
iations are possible by
In addition, countless var
gering even to
e combinations is stag
. The range of possibl
dles
nee
two
or
one
g
usin
imagine.
50
The Transverse Spool Holder
To ensure thot the thread will unwind evenly from a cross-wound spool, use the
transverse spool holder which is part of the standord equipment of your ma
chine.
To attach the spool holder, slip position spring I over the vertical spool pin,
the bent portion of the spring pointing toward you. Push the spooi of thread on
spool pin 2. Press the position spring together, and push pin 2 into the spring
slot. With the spring pressed together, adlust its position on the vertical spool
pin, as required. When you release the spring, the transverse pin will be held
in place firmly. Pass the thread through eyelet 3, and thread the machine as
instructed.
R 6533
51
Contents
Page
Page
Foreword
e
Essential Parts of Machin
Operation
e
chin
Ma
of
Fundamentals
Electrical Information
Straight Stitching
Zigzag Sewing
Winding the Bobbin
e
Removing the Bobbin Cas
Bobbin Case
into
bin
Bob
l
Ful
Inserting a
e
Inserting the Bobbin Cas
and Thread Sizes
Recommended Needle
Needles
Important Facts about
dle
Nee
the
ng
ngi
Cha
Upper Threading
Threader
Operating the Needle
bin Thread
Bob
the
Up
g
win
Dra
ion
Correct Tension Regulat
sion
Ten
ead
Thr
the
ing
Regulat
ion
Stitch Length Regulat
Reverse Sewing
e Feed.
Dropping the Machin
Foot
ing
Changing the Sew
t
Foo
g
The Darnin
Care and Maintenance
Regular Machine Care
Sewlight Facts
Trouble Shooting
Zipper Insertion
..
•
.
.
•
•
.
•
.
.
2
4
5
6
7
8
10
10
11
12
13
Edge Stitching
Quilting
Flat Felled Seams
Railed Hems
Hemming
Overcasting Edges
Butt Seaming
Attaching Lace
Inserting Lace
Inserting Patches
Single-Needle Cording
Shirring
Applique Work
Openwork Embroidery
s
Making Stuffed Animal
Scrollwork
Imitation Hemstitching
Hemstitching
Blindstitching
Sewing Buttonholes
Button Sewing
Darning
Manogram Embroidery
Sewing Monograms
.
.
.
.
.
.
23
25
30
*
Cording
Ornamental Sewing
The PFAFF 260 Automatic
Holder
The Transverse Spool
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