Dome CXtra User`s guide

Dome® CXtra™
User’s Guide
© 2010 NDS Surgical Imaging, LLC. All rights reserved.
This document contains proprietary information of NDS Surgical Imaging. It is exclusive property of
NDS Surgical Imaging. It may not be reproduced or transmitted, in whole or in part, without a
written agreement from NDS Surgical Imaging. No patent or other license is granted to this
information.
The software, if any, described in this document is furnished under licensed agreement.
The software may not be used or copied except as provided in the licensed agreement.
NDS Surgical Imaging provides this publication as is without warranty of any kind, either express or
implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a
particular purpose. NDSsi may revise this document from time to time without notice. Some states
or jurisdictions do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions;
therefore, this statement may not apply to you.
Information in this document about products not manufactured by NDS Surgical Imaging is
provided without warranty or representation of any kind, and NDS Surgical Imaging is not be liable
for any damages resulting from the use of such information.
D020-0913-00B
Dome, NDSsi, the Dome and NDSsi logos, Dome CXtra, DICal, RightLight, and Dome Dashboard are
either registered trademarks or trademarks of NDS Surgical Imaging. All other trademarks are
the property of their respective owners.
Contents
What’s New in Version 6.x Series 1
Getting Started 3
Display Compatibility 3
Dome CXtra Services 4
System Requirements 6
Installing the Dome CXtra Software 6
Installing or Removing Services 7
Installing the Photometer 8
Starting Dome CXtra 10
Opening the Dome CXtra Services Menu 11
CXtra Utilities 12
Exiting Dome CXtra 12
Uninstalling Dome CXtra 12
RightLight Service 13
Configuring the RightLight Service 14
Checking Conformance Manually 23
Checking Current Conformance Status 26
Reviewing Conformance Events 27
Reviewing Manual Conformance Data 28
Disabling RightLight Popup Warnings 33
White Level Calibration Service 35
DICal Service 39
Configuring the DICal Service 40
Using DICOM Response Function as Default Calibration
Choosing Display Calibration 42
Performing a Custom DICOM Calibration 44
Reviewing Calibration Events 45
Performing a Conformance Test 46
Reviewing Conformance Test Data 46
Reviewing Conformance Test Events 50
Advanced Options 52
41
Test Patterns Service 54
AAPM TG18 Test Patterns 54
Miscellaneous Test Patterns 54
Displaying Test Patterns 57
Adding a Custom Test Pattern 58
Modifying or Deleting Custom Test Patterns 60
Dome Visual and Interactive Evaluations 60
Backlight Saver Service 66
Creating a Saver Period 66
Deleting a Saver Period 68
Viewing Schedule for Week 68
DIN Test Service 69
Setting Up for Testing 70
Running a DIN Acceptance Test 80
Running a DIN Constancy Test 81
Viewing DIN Test Results 83
AAPM TG18 Test Service 84
AAPM TG18 Test Setup 86
Completing AAPM TG18 Tests 92
Viewing AAPM TG18 Test Results 94
Privilege Service 96
Logging On as Privileged User/Administrator 96
Logging Out of Privileged Mode 97
Changing Your Password 97
Reporting Service 98
Viewing Reports 98
Using the Reporting Control 102
Enterprise Management Service 104
SNMP 104
SNMP Management Console 105
The SNMP Model 105
Configuring the SNMP Service 106
Troubleshooting 113
Appendix 114
Index 118
What’s New in Version 6.x Series
Dome Display
Support has been added for the new Dome E2cHB display,
a 2-megapixel, color, high-bright unit.
Windows Platform Support
Support is available for the Microsoft Windows 7 (x86 or x64) and
Windows Server 2008 R2 (x64 only) operating systems.
Support for the Microsoft Windows XP x64 operating system was
added to the Dome® CXtra™ 6.x series in an earlier version.
CXtra Utilities
Users can start, restart, and stop all CXtra services and application,
and run CXtradiag with utilities. Access the tools via the Windows
Start menu.
NOTE: Windows administrator privilege is required to run the utilities.
Users without privilege must enter an authorized username and
password as prompted.
Fast User Switching
The Fast User Switching feature is not supported on display systems
using NVIDIA drivers previous to version 197.03.
Installation Upgrades
The installation procedure for Dome CXtra is now simpler, faster, and
more reliable. All services and features are installed by default. To
customize your installation, you must deselect the service or
application feature you do not wish to install.
White Level Calibration
Correction of the display white level can now be done via manual
conformance testing or with the White Level Calibration service.
A one-time, end-user calibration of the white level may be necessary
when the target luminance is outside the tolerance established for
proper display conformance, such as when the white level of a display
has failed a manual conformance test, or when two or more displays
in a multi-unit configuration show disparate white levels. An external
photometer is required.
NOTE: Privileged users and administrators can calibrate the
white level if a display fails the White Level test during the manual
conformance testing. Only administrators can calibrate the white
level via the White Level Calibration service.
Support for 10-Bit Displays
You can now run the Dome CXtra software on Dome 10-bit grayscale
displays. You can check for 10-bit capability (both current and
maximum supported) on the Properties tab of the Reporting dialog.
You can also view 10-bit patterns (horizontal ramp and vertical
ramp test patterns) using the Test Patterns service. And in manual
conformance testing, you can take all 1024 measurements for more
precise testing results.
Using Dome CXtra with Dome Dashboard
For best practice of using Dome Cxtra 6.x with Dome Dashboard 2.x,
observe the following requirement and recommendation.
• When using Dome Dashboard 2.x, make sure that Dome CXtra 6.x
or later is installed on each CXtra workstation.
• On the CXtra workstation, limit the retention of history to 365 days
(one year).
Single Dome CXtra Package
The separate packaging of the Enterprise Management Service has
been discarded. All Dome CXtra services, including the Enterprise
Management Service, are now available in a single CD package.
2 | Dome CXtra
Getting Started
The Dome CXtra software adds essential functionality to Dome
medical imaging display systems in diagnostic and referral settings.
By using the Dome CXtra suite of value-added services, you can
calibrate and maintain displays, run acceptance tests, and monitor
displays remotely. While the services operate as independent plugins, they each use the Reporting service for listing properties, logging
events, and saving history.
Display Compatibility
Dome CXtra services enhance the functionality of these
display systems:
• Dome CX
• Dome EX
• Dome QX
• GX2MP
• Select Desktops
You can also install the Dome CXtra software on systems using
third-party commodity monitors to enable DICOM calibration. See
“Enabling DICOM Calibration on Third-Party Monitors” on page 53.
NOTE: When you add or remove displays on the Windows desktop,
you must restart the Dome CXtra software by rebooting the system.
(Refer to ReadMe file for more information.)
WARNING: When the Dome CXtra application is running on the
system, power off the workstation before you either connect a DVI
cable to or disconnect a cable from the Dome display. Connecting or
disconnecting a DVI cable with the workstation power on may
corrupt the display EDID data.
Getting Started | 3
Dome CXtra Services
The following services constitute the Dome CXtra software.
RightLight™ – Assures backlight stabilization for your display panel,
calibrates your panel to the DICOM Grayscale Standard Display
Function, automatically tests the calibration for conformance, allows
manual conformance testing, and supports DICOM calibration at
various color coordinates on Dome EX color displays. (Manual
conformance testing requires the LCD or the LCD II photometer. Use
only the LCD II photometer with Dome EX color displays.)
White Level Calibration – For displays using the RightLight service,
calibrates the display photometer that stabilizes the white level.
(Calibration of the white level requires the LCD or the LCD II
photometer. Use only the LCD II photometer with Dome EX color
displays.)
DICal™ – Calibrates your display panel to the DICOM Grayscale
Standard Display Function, tests the calibration for conformance, and
allows the selection of individual displays to run the service at any
given time. (Custom calibration and manual conformance testing
require the LCD or LCD II photometer.)
Backlight Saver – Extends the clinical life of your display by turning
off panel backlights during periods of inactivity you define.
Test Patterns – Provides test images and allows use of custom
test patterns for demonstrating and evaluating the performance of
your display.
AAPM TG18 – Performs flat panel evaluations recommended by
the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, Task Group 18.
DIN Test – Tests your display for compliance with German
standard DIN 6868-57.
Privilege – Password-protects operating parameters of
the display system.
Reporting – Collects, displays, and prints configuration data,
characteristics, and event logs created by most other services.
Enterprise Management – Manages displays from a central location.
Requires SNMP console (not provided) for remote viewing.
4 | Dome CXtra
The use of Dome CXtra services is display-dependent. Check the
following table for display compatibility by service:
Service
GX2MP
Select
Desktop
9
9
9
Dome CX Dome EX Dome QX
RightLight
9
9
White Level
Calibration*
9
9
DICal
Backlight Saver
9
9
9
9
9
Test Patterns
9
9
9
9
9
AAPM TG18
9
9
9
DIN Test
9
9
9
Privilege
9
9
9
9
9
Reporting
9
9
9
9
9
Enterprise
Management
9
9
9
9
9
* Restoration of factory White Level calibration available only on
Dome E2, Dome E3, Dome E3c, Dome E3cHB, and Dome E5 displays.
Getting Started | 5
System Requirements
The Dome CXtra software requires one of these operating systems:
• Windows 7 (x86 or x64)
• Windows Server 2008 R2 (x64 only)
• Windows XP Professional (x86 or x64), Service Pack 3
Installing the Dome CXtra Software
NOTE: Install the Dome CXtra software to a local disk drive only. The
software may not work properly if any components are installed on
a network drive.
To install the Dome CXtra software
1 Log onto Windows with administrator privileges.
2 Insert the installation CD and run setup.exe.
3 Follow the wizard instructions to complete the installation.
FIRST-TIME INSTALLATION: By default, all services are selected for
installation. To customize your installation, deselect the services you
do not wish to install.
6 | Dome CXtra
UPGRADE INSTALLATION: To upgrade to package 6.0.1 or later, insert
the installation CD and run setup.exe. Follow the wizard instructions
to complete the installation. Services that have been modified since
the previous release are upgraded.
The application starts when the installation is finished. The Dome
CXtra icon appears on the Windows taskbar. The check mark indicates
that the application is running successfully.
Installing or Removing Services
You can add a service individually if you do not install it during the
initial installation. You can also delete a single service as necessary.
To install or remove an individual service
1 Log onto Windows with administrator privileges.
2 Insert the installation CD and run setup.exe.
3 Follow the wizard instructions to the Modify, Repair, or
Remove dialog.
4 Select and deselect the service to be installed or removed.
5 Follow the wizard instructions to complete the installation or
remove the service.
Getting Started | 7
Installing the Photometer
To use the RightLight and DICal custom calibration and conformance
test features, you must purchase and install the optional LCD or
LCD II photometer. (Only the LCD II photometer is RoHS complaint.)
NOTE: The LCD II photometer is required for use with Dome EX
color displays.
Use the following instructions to install the photometer correctly per
your operating system.
To install the photometer on Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2
1 Log onto Windows with administrator privileges.
2 Plug the photometer into an available USB slots on the system.
3 Go to the Control Panel and select System and Security. Next,
select System from the options. Then, on the next screen, select
Device Manager in the left pane.
4 In the Device Manager dialog, expand Other device. Right-click on
the Calibrator node, and select Update Driver Software.
5 In the Update Driver Software dialog, select Browse my computer
for driver software, and browse to <cxtra install directory>\
USBx64Driver for 64-bit operating systems. Or, browse to <cxtra
install directory>\USBDriver for 32-bit operating systems.
6 Click Next to start the driver installation. When finished, close
the dialog to use the photometer.
Note the following:
• The Device Manager can also be launched by running
devmgmt.msc.
• Default <cxtra install directory> on the 32-bit operating system is
C:\Program Files\NDSsi\CXtra.
• Default <cxtra install directory> on the 64-bit operating system is
C:\Program Files (x86)\NDSsi\CXtra.
8 | Dome CXtra
To install the photometer on Windows XP
1 Log onto Windows with administrator privileges.
2 If necessary, install the Dome CXtra software. (See page 6.)
3 Connect the photometer to a USB port on the computer.
The operating system detects the new hardware and opens
the Found New Hardware Wizard.
NOTE: If you connect the photometer to a USB hub and the Found
New Hardware Wizard does not appear, connect the photometer
directly to a USB port on the computer.
4 Follow the wizard instructions until a window prompts you to select
a driver for the device.
5 Select Search for a suitable driver for my device and click Next.
6 Select Specify a location and click Next.
7 Navigate to the folder on your hard drive containing the
photometer driver. If you accepted the default location during
installation, the driver is stored in this folder:
C:\Program Files\NDSsi\CXtra\USBDriver
8 Click Next to install the driver.
9 Click Finish to complete the installation.
Getting Started | 9
Starting Dome CXtra
The Dome CXtra application starts automatically when you run your
computer. If you exit the application or if it stops running for any
reason, restart it by selecting Windows Start > All Programs > NDSsi >
CXtra.
A Dome CXtra status icon appears on the Windows taskbar to indicate
application status. The Success icon shows that the display is
operating normally. The Wait icon appears the application is starting
up or restarting from a stop. If the Warning or System Error icon
appears, check the History tab in the Reporting service and
troubleshoot the error. See “Reporting Service” on page 98 for
detailed information.
Dome CXtra Icon
Status
Success
Wait
Warning
System Error
10 | Dome CXtra
Opening the Dome CXtra Services Menu
All Dome CXtra functions are accessible from the services menu.
This graphic shows the default menu entries for standard services.
To open the menu, click the Dome CXtra icon on the Windows
taskbar. If the Dome CXtra icon is not visible on the Windows taskbar,
open the menu by Windows Start > All Programs > NDSsi > CXtra.
The menu is expanded to show the White Level Calibration service
when the user is logged on as administrator. For more information,
see “White Level Calibration Service” on page 35 and “Logging On as
Privileged User/Administrator” on page 96.
Getting Started | 11
CXtra Utilities
The following utilities have been added to the application.
CXtra Start
Launch the application and all CXtra services
CXtra Diag
Create Cxtradiag package
CXtra Restart
Resume application operation and all CXtra services
CXtra Stop
Terminate the application and all CXtra services
To access a utility, click Windows Start > All Programs > NDSsi > CXtra
Utilities, then select one of the four options.
NOTE: Windows administrator privilege is required to run the utilities.
Users without privilege must enter an authorized username and
password as prompted.
Exiting Dome CXtra
If you need to exit (close) the application, open the Dome CXtra
Services menu and select Exit.
NOTE: Exiting from Dome CXtra may require a password. See
“Privilege Service” on page 96 for more information.
Uninstalling Dome CXtra
Use this procedure to uninstall the entire Dome CXtra application.
To uninstall the entire application
1 Log onto Windows with administrator privileges.
2 Select Windows Start > Settings > Control Panel > Add/Remove
Programs to view a list of installed applications.
3 To uninstall the entire application, select CXtra.
4 Click Change/Remove to start the uninstall process. A message
prompts you to restart the computer.
12 | Dome CXtra
RightLight Service
The RightLight service performs backlight stabilization, DICOM
calibration, and automatic and manual conformance testing for
Dome CX and Dome EX displays. With RightLight, you can set a target
white level, equalize the black level across the displays, set a desired
response function, and specify ambient light in the viewing area. This
service also reports current white and black levels.
RightLight automatically calibrates the displays at regular intervals.
Calibration adjusts the response of a display to conform to the
response function you specify. There are four calibration response
functions, one of which is a correction to the DICOM Grayscale
Standard Display Function.
DICOM calibration is based on the unique characteristic curve stored
in each display at the time of manufacturing. RightLight routinely
checks how well each display conforms to the DICOM standard and
calculates a Luminance Uniformity Metric (LUM) value that indicates
the degree of conformance.
Besides the automatic conformance testing that RightLight performs
regularly, you can perform manual conformance testing as desired,
using an optional external photometer.
You can also calibrate the internal RightLight photometer to generate
a new calibration data file whenever the white level is outside the
tolerances set for the display configuration. Calibrating the white
level requires an external photometer.
RightLight Service | 13
For Dome E2c, Dome E3c, Dome E3cHB, and Dome E4c displays, you
can set color coordinates for panel appearance in one of two ways:
• Select an option for panel appearance with blue, clear, or default.
• Use the LCD II photometer to perform color calibration
when you specify color coordinates by color temperature
(Kelvin scale) or by CIE xy coordinates.
Configuring the RightLight Service
If the Privilege service has been installed, you must log on as
a privileged user to change the RightLight configuration. (See
page 96.)
To configure the RightLight service
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select RightLight Panel
Configuration. The RightLight Panel Configuration dialog appears
with these tabs:
• Backlight
• Calibration
• Ambient
• Color
• Auto (Conformance) Alerts
• Manual (Conformance) Alerts
2 Check the selection box for each display you want to configure, or
click Select All.
3 Select a tab and change the settings as described in the following
sections. Click Apply to activate the changes without closing the
dialog; click OK to activate the changes and close the dialog.
Backlight tab
For displays selected, you can view the values of these parameters:
• Black level in cd/m2
• White level in cd/m2
• Backlight use in hours
• Brightness as a percentage of maximum effective brightness
14 | Dome CXtra
In the White Level field, type the target white level value (in cd/m2) or
use the arrow keys to change the value shown. Click Apply or OK.
NOTE: White Level values are limited to the upper and lower ranges
specified per display.
RightLight stabilizes the backlights of the selected displays to attain
the target white level. The system may require a few moments for the
white level to stabilize after adjustment. This table shows the default
target white levels for each type of Dome CX and Dome EX display.
Display
Default Target White Level
Dome C2
600 cd/m2
Dome C3
600 cd/m2
Dome C3i
600 cd/m2
Dome C5
400 cd/m2
Dome C5i
500 cd/m2
Dome E2
600 cd/m2
Dome E2c
400 cd/m2
Dome E2cHB
500 cd/m2
Dome E3
600 cd/m2
Dome E3c
300 cd/m2
Dome E3cHB
500 cd/m2
Dome E4c
250 cd/m2
Dome E5
500 cd/m2
NOTE: If you set the white level too close to the maximum brightness
capability of the display, frequent warnings about high white levels
may appear. To correct this problem, reduce the white level setting
on the Backlight tab until the warnings stop appearing or use the
Reporting Control dialog to disable the warning popups.
RightLight Service | 15
Dome CXtra gives you three options for controlling dynamic range of
displays.
• Maximize - Causes each selected display to be calibrated using its
full dynamic range. The dynamic range of the selected displays
may differ.
• Equalize - Causes all selected displays to be calibrated using the
same dynamic range. The system locates the selected display that
has the smallest dynamic range and adjusts the dynamic range of
the other selected displays to match it.
• Specify - Causes all selected displays to be calibrated using the
specified dynamic range. The system notifies you if any of the
selected displays cannot achieve the specified dynamic range.
If all the selected displays have similar dynamic range, there may be
little or no visual difference among the selections.
The black levels and white levels shown on the Backlight tab include
the ambient light level specified on the Ambient tab.
NOTE: Choosing the Native or the No RightLight Calibration option on
the Calibration tab or on the services menu prevents RightLight from
equalizing black levels. When you do this, you are no longer applying
DICOM calibration.
16 | Dome CXtra
Calibration tab
Select one of these response functions for auto-calibration:
• DICOM Response Function (default) – Calibrates to the DICOM
Grayscale Standard Display Function. See DICOM PS 3.14-2000
(Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM),
Part 14: Grayscale Standard Display Function).
• Exponential (log linear) Response Function – Calibrates to an
exponential (log linear) response function. The logarithm of the
luminance is a linear function of the digital driving level.
• Native Response Function – Automatically sets the flat panel to its
native response function (characteristic curve). The characteristic
curve is the response function of the panel with no calibration
applied. This is the display function created by loading a linear
gamma correction table, or GCT.
• No RightLight Calibration – Turns off auto-calibration. Choose this
response function if you are using an external calibration product
such as the Dome Calibration TQA™ system. Dome CXtra retains
GCTs currently set or created by an external calibration. RightLight
stabilizes the backlights only.
CAUTION: Do not calibrate with an external calibration product,
such as the Dome Calibration TQA system, unless your response
function is set to No RightLight Calibration. Otherwise, RightLight
overwrites the gamma correction table.
Check the selection box for each function you want to place on the
services menu, then change the operating parameter via the menu.
RightLight Service | 17
Ambient tab
Specify the ambient light in the viewing area. Select the ambient light
description that best fits the display location:
• Low (reading room - 0.20 cd/m2)
• Moderate (typical office - 0.80 cd/m2)
• High (brightly lit office - 1.50 cd/m2)
• Custom – Fill in a value ranging from 0.00 (default) to 5.00 cd/m2.
The RightLight service allows you to enter luminance in cd/m2
resulting from the diffuse reflection of ambient illuminance.
Since typical Dome panels have a reflectance of 1.25%, given
illuminance E in lux, you can calculate the luminance in cd/m2
using this equation:
luminance = 1.25% × E / π
The default values are typical of reading rooms (approx. 50 lux),
moderately bright offices (approx. 200 lux), and brightly lit offices
(approx. 375 lux).
NOTE: Choosing the Native or the No RightLight Calibration option on
the Calibration tab or on the services menu prevents RightLight from
correcting for ambient light. When you do this, you are no longer
applying DICOM calibration.
18 | Dome CXtra
Color tab
Specify the panel appearance of Dome E2c, Dome E2cHB, Dome E3c,
Dome E3cHB, and Dome E4c displays, with or without calibration.
Appearance. Use options in the Appearance field to specify blue,
clear, or default when you do not color-calibrate the display panel.
Calibrated color coordinates. Use options in the Calibrated Color
Coordinates field for precise specification of color coordinates. Apply
this method, for example, with multiple displays when a discrepancy
appears in color matching after you have selected an option in the
Appearance field.
First, click Color Calibrate to run the calibration wizard.
Next, test and accept the calibration.
Then, set the color temperature by Kelvin scale (from 5000 to 12000)
or specify the CIE xy coordinates.
Click Apply or OK.
NOTE: The LCD II photometer is required for color calibration of
the Dome E2c, Dome E2cHB, Dome E3c, Dome E3cHB, and
Dome E4c displays.
RightLight Service | 19
Auto Alerts tab
Specify the conformance test(s) you want RightLight to run. Every
5 minutes, RightLight automatically performs the tests selected on
this tab. For each test you select, you can specify a threshold value
that defines a test failure. RightLight alerts you of a failure in these
three ways: by message, by entries in the History log, and by status
change of the Dome CXtra icon in the system tray. If the Enterprise
Management service is installed, an alert is also sent to the Dome
Dashboard or SNMP console application.
20 | Dome CXtra
To set auto alert parameters
1 Select either the DICOM LUM test or the CX/EX White Level test or
select both.
For the DICOM LUM test, check the selection box. Then enter a
value for Maximum allowed. The DICOM LUM test is classified a
failure if it produces a value greater than the maximum allowed.
Enter a value ranging from 0 (zero) to 2 (default=1.00). A value of
0 (zero) indicates perfect conformance with the DICOM Grayscale
Standard Display Function. The DICOM LUM Test assesses the
standard deviation of JNDs (Just Noticeable Differences) per
digital interval.
EXAMPLE: Maximum allowed: 1.00 Result: A test result of 0.421
passes, because it is less than 1.00.
For the CX/EX White Level test, check the selection box. Then enter
a value for Tolerance ±. The CX/EX White Level test is classified a
failure if the measured white level is outside the range defined by
this percent, applied to the Target Luminance defined on the
Backlight tab. Enter a value ranging from 0 (zero) to 25 (default =
10.00). Tests producing a white level value outside of this
percentage range generate a warning message.
EXAMPLE: Target white level: 600 cd/m2
Tolerance: ±10% Result: Values outside the range from 540 to 660
(600 ± 60 cd/m2) indicate a test failure.
RightLight Service | 21
2 In the Log interval section, enter a time interval and starting time
for the first daily test in the hours starting at field. RightLight logs
the first set of conformance tests at the time specified and at
regular intervals thereafter until the end of the day.
Enter a positive integer for hours and a time in the 24-hour format,
such as 13:30. This interval specifies how often the system logs the
results of the selected test(s).
When a selected test fails, a message appears and the Dome CXtra
icon changes to indicate a warning state. View the test results in the
Reporting History log.
NOTE: The log interval and start time must apply to all displays.
These fields are not enabled unless all displays are selected.
Manual Alerts tab
Specify the conformance tests that you want to complete manually.
For each manual test that you select, you can specify a threshold
value that defines a test failure. When a failure occurs, the Dome
CXtra icon is set to a warning state. In addition, if the Enterprise
Management service is installed, an alert is sent to the Dome
Dashboard or SNMP console application. Selections made on this tab
determine operating parameters for the Conformance Wizard, which
guides manual tests.
22 | Dome CXtra
To set manual alert parameters
1 Select either the DICOM LUM test or the White Level test or both.
• For the DICOM LUM test, check the selection box. Then enter a
value for Maximum allowed. The DICOM LUM test is classified a
failure if it produces a value greater than the maximum allowed.
Enter a value ranging from 0 (zero) to 2 (default=1.00). A value of
0 (zero) indicates perfect conformance with the DICOM Grayscale
Standard Display Function.
• For the CX/EX White Level test, check the selection box. Then
enter a value for Tolerance ±. The CX/EX White Level test is
classified a failure if the measured white level is outside the range
defined by this percent, applied to the Target Luminance defined
on the Backlight tab. Enter a value ranging from 0 (zero) to 25
(default =10.00).
2 Select the number of luminance measurements you want
to make during each manual test. The default number of
measurements is 15.
NOTE: When you select All, 256 measurements are taken on 8-bit
display systems; 1024 measurements are taken on 10-bit systems.
Checking Conformance Manually
If you have configured RightLight properly and have an external
photometer installed, you can run a manual conformance test.
If you have the Privilege service installed, you must log on as a
privileged user before you run a manual conformance test. (See
page 96.)
As with automatic conformance testing, the manual conformance
test shows how well your display conforms to the DICOM standard.
You are able to specify, however, the number of measurements to
be taken. See “Manual Alerts tab” on page 22 for configuration
information. See “Installing the Photometer” on page 8 for how to
install the photometer.
RightLight Service | 23
Before starting a manual conformance test, select Dome CX/EX
DICOM Calibration on the services menu.
NOTE: If you run a conformance test with another response function
(such as Dome CX/EX Exponential Calibration or Dome CX/EX Native
Calibration), the system presents a warning message. Continuing to
run the test causes the system to show the Dome CXtra icon in the
warning state.
To run a manual conformance test
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu. Select RightLight
Conformance > Manual Conformance Wizard.
2 Follow the Conformance Wizard instructions.
24 | Dome CXtra
After you finish with the Conformance Wizard, RightLight enters
the event in both the Reporting History log and the Conformance
History log. All RightLight history events from manual conformance
tests are recorded in the Reporting History log. RightLight provides
additional information on conformance events in graphical and
tabular formats in the Conformance History log.
If the manual conformance test produces a warning condition
because the white level is beyond the tolerance set on the
Manual Alerts tab (page 22), then you can correct the warning by
calibrating the white level via the conformance test. Select the
check box to correct the warning, and click Next. The wizard
executes automatically.
Alternatively, you can adjust the tolerance for the failing test to
bring the display into conformance. (See also “White Level
Calibration Service” on page 35.)
NOTE: White Level calibration during conformance testing is
available only for Dome E2, Dome E3, Dome E3c, Dome E3cHB, and
Dome E5 displays. You must be an administrator or a privileged
user to perform a manual conformance test and to calibrate the
white level during the manual conformance test.
RightLight Service | 25
Checking Current Conformance Status
To view the results of the latest manual conformance test, open
the Dome CXtra Services menu. Select RightLight Conformance >
Current Conformance Status.
In the same dialog, you can also view the results of the latest
automatic conformance test.
26 | Dome CXtra
Reviewing Conformance Events
Dome CXtra polls RightLight automatically for its status every
5 minutes, which causes the user-selected tests to run. The
system makes an entry in the Reporting History log by the specified
logging interval on the Auto Alerts tab and whenever it detects
a status change.
NOTE: When you make changes in the Auto Alerts tab, conformance
tests run immediately. When you perform a manual conformance
test, the system also makes an entry in the Reporting History log.
To view a conformance event
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Reporting.
2 Click the History tab to view a list of events.
3 Select an auto or manual conformance test event and click
View Detail or double-click the event to view the conformance
test details.
RightLight Service | 27
Reviewing Manual Conformance Data
For manual conformance tests, you can specify results you want to
review by display and date and then examine the data in graphical
and tabular formats.
NOTE: Auto conformance data cannot be viewed this way.
To see a detailed account of a manual conformance event
Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select RightLight
Conformance > Manual Conformance History. Then select the
Graphs or Tables tab.
Graphs tab
To view or print a conformance test, choose a graph type, display, and
selected test date and time to view or print the graphical data. When
using multiple displays, choose the individual display for which you
want test results from the Display pull-down list. Select a particular
conformance test by date and time from the Date pull-down list.
28 | Dome CXtra
Graph type
• Response graph. Plots the measured luminance at various driving
levels (P-values). Luminance is shown along the Y axis using
a scale that you select from three options: Linear / Lum, Linear /
Log Lum, and Linear / JND Lum. The graph consists of the
luminance values specified by the DICOM standard and the
luminance values measured during the conformance test.
The better the data points align with the curve, the better the
DICOM conformance.
Default 15 measurements of luminance taken on an 8-bit display
All 1024 measurements of luminance taken on a 10-bit display
RightLight Service | 29
• Conformance graph. Plots Just Noticeable Differences (JNDs) per
luminance interval. The graph shows the mean value for JND/
luminance interval, the DICOM Luminance Uniformity Metric
(LUM), and the line of best fit (FIT). These values are useful in
quantifying the quality of conformance with the DICOM
Grayscale Standard Display Function. The closer the JND values
are to the mean line, the better the DICOM conformance.
Moreover, the closer the calculated LUM metric is to 0 (zero), the
better the DICOM conformance.
30 | Dome CXtra
Tables tab
To view or print a conformance test, choose a table type, display, and
selected test date and time to view or print the tabular data. When
using multiple displays, choose the individual display for which you
want test results from the Display pull-down list. Select a particular
conformance test by date and time from the Date pull-down list.
Table type
• Response table. Lists the luminance value measured for each
luminance interval in a selected conformance test.
• Conformance table. Lists the following data values for a test.
– Number of measurements
– Mean value of JND/Luminance Interval
– Best fit (FIT) line expression
– LUM
RightLight Service | 31
• Color table. Lists the following data values by Kelvin scale or
CIE xy coordinates.
32 | Dome CXtra
Disabling RightLight Popup Warnings
You can disable all warning message popups related to
the RightLight service.
NOTE: Disabling of warning message popups is not recommended.
Read the notice on page 34 before disabling any popups.
To disable RightLight popup warnings
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select
Reporting Control.
2 Check the box in the Disable RightLight Popups field.
3 Click OK.
NOTE: The Dome CXtra icon on the Windows taskbar continues to
show warning conditions from the RightLight service and RightLight
warnings continue to be recorded in the Dome CXtra history log.
RightLight Service | 33
Important notice on disabling RightLight popup messages
WARNING: The Dome CXtra software includes "popup" warning
dialogs (popups), which, unless disabled, appear on the operator's
display screen under various operational conditions. These warnings
include important messages about the performance of the display
which may impact the integrity and reliability of the information
displayed, such that the accuracy of the radiologist's or other medical
user's diagnosis may be compromised. For example, a popup may
warn the operator that the display is out of DICOM conformance to
ensure an accurate display image. The Dome CXtra software includes
a feature that allows the PACS or system administrator to disable the
popup feature such that no popups appear on the operator's display
screen, even if such popup warning is warranted under the particular
operational circumstances.
While Dome provides this feature as a convenience for those who
choose not to view popup warnings and, accordingly, agree to
assume the risk of any and all consequences of not viewing such
messages, DOME DOES NOT RECOMMEND THE DISABLING OF
THIS IMPORTANT POPUP SAFETY FEATURE.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: BY DISABLING THE POPUP FEATURE, THE
CUSTOMER, OWNER AND ANY USER ACKNOWLEDGE THAT SUCH
CUSTOMER, OWNER OR USER UNDERSTANDS AND ASSUMES ALL
RISKS AND ACCEPTS FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY HARMS,
INJURIES, DAMAGES AND FEES WHICH ARISE OUT OF OR RELATE TO
THE ABSENCE OF SUCH POPUP WARNINGS. THESE INCLUDE ALL
CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, AND PUNITIVE
DAMAGES, AS WELL AS ALL ASSOCIATED ATTORNEY FEES, EXPENSES
AND COSTS, ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THE NON-USE OF THE
POPUP SAFETY FEATURE. FURTHER, SUCH CUSTOMER, OWNER OR
USER SHALL INDEMNIFY AND DEFEND DOME AND HOLD DOME
HARMLESS FROM ANY AND ALL SUCH HARMS, INJURIES, DAMAGES,
AND FEES WHETHER SUCH HARMS, INJURIES, DAMAGES, AND FEES
ARISE FROM OR RELATE TO ACTIONS IN TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE AND STRICT LIABILITY), CONTRACT, STATUTE, OR
OTHERWISE, AND DOME'S LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE PRICE
PAID FOR THE SUBJECT PRODUCT.
34 | Dome CXtra
White Level Calibration Service
The white level of a Dome display is stabilized by the internal
RightLight photometer that is calibrated during display manufacture.
The White Level Calibration service allows the end user to calibrate
the sensor using an external photometer. When the calibration is
completed, the new calibration data file is stored in the display.
A one-time, end-user calibration of the white level may be necessary
when the target luminance is outside the tolerance established for
proper display conformance, such as when the white level of a display
has failed a manual conformance test, or when two or more displays
in a multi-unit configuration show disparate white levels. The
calibration may also be required for equipment changes, such as
when new external photometers are installed at your facility.
IMPORTANT: Only administrators can calibrate the white level via
the White Level Calibration service and restore factory calibration.
White level calibration via the White Level Calibration service is
available for use on all Dome CX and Dome EX displays. Restoration
of the factory white level calibration is available only for Dome E2,
Dome E3, Dome E3c, Dome E3cHB, and Dome E5 displays.
Privileged users can calibrate the white level during manual
conformance testing. For more information, see “To run a manual
conformance test” on page 24.
White Level Calibration Service | 35
When you log on as administrator, the CXtra Service menu expands
to include two functions, White Level Calibration Wizard and Restore
Factory White Level Calibration. (See “Logging On as Privileged User/
Administrator” on page 96.)
Two additional functions appear on the CXtra Services menu–
White Level Calibration Wizard and Restore Factory White Level
Calibration–when an administrator is logged on to calibrate
the display white level
36 | Dome CXtra
Running the White Level Calibration Wizard
IMPORTANT: White level calibration via the White Level Calibration
service is available for use on all Dome CX and Dome EX displays.
Restoration of the factory white level calibration is available only for
Dome E2, Dome E3, Dome E3c, Dome E3cHB, and Dome E5 displays.
To calibrate the white level
First, open the CXtra Services menu and click White Level
Calibration Wizard.
Next, click Yes to proceed in replacing the factory calibration data
with the calibration data to be measured at your site.
Then, follow the calibration wizard to reinitialize the display panel.
White Level Calibration Service | 37
Restoring Factory White Level Calibration
IMPORTANT: Restoration of the factory white level calibration is
available only if you have previously calibrated the white level using
the White Level Calibration service or via RightLight manual
conformance testing. Factory calibration can be restored only for
Dome E2, Dome E2cHB, Dome E3, Dome E3c, Dome E3cHB, and
Dome E5 displays.
To restore factory calibration
Open the CXtra Services menu and select Restore Factory White Level
Calibration. Click Yes to restore factory calibration.
After the factory calibration is restored, the Restore Factory White
Level Calibration function is greyed out on the CXtra Services menu.
NOTE: You must be logged on as administrator to restore
factory calibration.
38 | Dome CXtra
DICal Service
You can use the DICal service to adjusts the characteristic curve of
the Dome Q2, GX2MP, and select desktop displays (such as models
PX1910M and PX212M) to conform to the DICOM Grayscale
Standard Display Function.
The configuration of the service provides an option for default DICOM
calibration (for viewing diagnostic images), which is adequate for
many applications. For additional calibration accuracy or to verify
calibration, you can purchase the optional LCD or LCD II photometer
and use the DICal service to perform custom calibration based on the
actual luminance values of your display.
In addition to the DICOM response function, you can choose to use
the exponential, gamma, or original response function. When you
add all functions to the Dome CXtra Services menu, you can switch
quickly from one response function to another. Moving from one
response function to another causes an immediate change to the
display calibration.
The DICal service also allows you to test your calibrated display to
verify that it conforms to the DICOM standard.
NOTE: See “Enabling DICOM Calibration on Third-Party Monitors” on
page 53 if you are using a third-party monitor.
To facilitate the configuration of multiple displays, you can export the
characterization data from one system to another.
NOTE: During the characterization or calibration process, you can
skip or ignore non-DICal displays on the system.
DICal Service | 39
Configuring the DICal Service
The desktop display ships with brightness and contrast values already
set as shown in the table below for DICOM compliance. Start at
procedure step 2 to configure the DICal service upon initial use. Use
the entire procedure to configure the service after display settings
have been changed.
To configure the DICal service
1 Set the brightness and contrast of your display to the values in
this table. (Refer to the display manual for how to set the values.)
Display Model
Brightness
Contrast
Dome Q2
65%
N/A
GX2MP (JUN 2007 or later)
75%
70%
GX2MP
75%
70%
Desktop PX191
70%
50%
Desktop PX1910M (2007 or later)
70%
60%
Desktop PX1910M
70%
50%
Desktop PX212M
80%
80%
Desktop PX212M (RoHS)
80%
50%
2 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select DICal Panel
Configuration.
3 Verify that the model number of your display appears in
the dialog.
If the correct model number is visible, skip to step 5.
If the model number is incorrect, continue to step 4.
4 Click Edit Type, select the model number of the display from
the drop-down list, and click OK.
NOTE: Displays listed have been characterized; therefore, the
Characterize button is disabled. You cannot recharacterize a
display that has been characterized previously.
5 Open the Calibration tab and select DICOM response function.
6 Click OK.
40 | Dome CXtra
Using DICOM Response Function as Default Calibration
Open the DICal Panel Configuration dialog to the Configuration tab.
To activate DICOM grayscale calibration at each system startup, click
the check box for DICOM response function.
The default DICOM calibration is applied to your display settings
whenever you select Desktop DICOM Calibration from the services
menu. No other steps are needed to apply the DICOM calibration
after installation.
To apply the original calibration each time you start the system,
leave the box unchecked.
To apply another response function, choose from the options on the
Calibration tab. See “Choosing Display Calibration” on page 42.
NOTE: For proper display calibration, you must configure the DICal
service after installation. See page 40.
DICal Service | 41
Choosing Display Calibration
Besides DICOM calibration, you can choose to use exponential,
gamma, or original display calibration. Open the CXtra Services
menu, then select DICal Panel Configuration and Calibration tab.
Choose one of these response functions for auto-calibration:
• DICOM Response Function – Calibrates to the DICOM Grayscale
Standard Display Function. See DICOM PS 3.14-2000 (Digital
Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), Part 14:
Grayscale Standard Display Function).
• Exponential Response Function – Calibrates to an exponential (log
linear) response function. The logarithm of the luminance is a linear
function of the digital driving level.
• Gamma Response Function – Calibrates to a gamma (nonlinear)
response function. The default value is 2.2. The range extends from
1.5 to 3.5; the CRT gamma standard ranges from 2.0 to 2.5.
• Original Response Function – Calibrates the desktop its original
response function. The characteristic curve is the response
function of the display with no calibration applied. This is the
response function created by loading a linear gamma correction
table, or GCT. (This function is appropriate for running typical
Windows applications.)
42 | Dome CXtra
NOTE: Upon software installation, only Desktop DICOM Calibration
and Desktop Original Calibration are default entries on the services
menu. On the Calibration tab, select or deselect check boxes in the
Menu field to customize calibration entries on the services menu.
To switch to another calibration
Open the Dome CXtra Services menu. Choose from the display
calibrations you have added to the services menu. Otherwise, go to
the Calibration tab of the DICal Panel Configuration dialog to make a
choice. Click OK to finish. Your selection causes an immediate
change to the display calibration.
NOTE: If a photo-editing program or other Windows application
performs a color calibration while DICOM Calibration is selected, the
DICal menu selection switches to Original Calibration and a warning
appears. To reapply the DICOM calibration, select the command from
the services menu or the DICal Panel Configuration dialog.
DICal Service | 43
Performing a Custom DICOM Calibration
A custom DICOM calibration uses the actual luminance values of
your display to adjust the response curve. After you complete the
calibration, the new values are applied in place of the default
DICOM calibration whenever DICOM Calibration is selected on
the services menu.
NOTE: This procedure requires installation of the optional LCD or
LCD II photometer as described on page 8.
To perform a custom calibration
1 If you have one of the display models listed below, follow
instructions provided with the display to verify that the
contrast is set to the value shown.
Display Model
Contrast
GX2MP
70%
GX2MP (JUN 2007 or later)
70%
PX191
50%
PX1910M (2007 or later)
60%
PX1910M
50%
PX212M
80%
PX212M (RoHS)
50%
2 If the Privilege service has been installed, log on as a privileged
user. (See page 96.)
3 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu. Select DICal Calibration >
Calibration Wizard.
4 Follow the instructions for using the photometer in each
Calibration Wizard window and click Next.
NOTE: Abort the calibration at any time by pressing Ctrl+C.
5 If necessary, verify that your display calibration conforms to
the DICOM standard. (See page 46 for instructions.)
NOTE: If you change panel brightness using the brightness control
on the display, you must repeat the preceding calibration steps.
44 | Dome CXtra
Reviewing Calibration Events
The Dome CXtra software records an event in the History event log
each time you perform a calibration.
To review a calibration event
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Reporting.
2 Click the History tab to see a list of events.
3 Click a DICal service calibration event, then click View Detail to see
detailed information about the event.
NOTE: Only calibration and test status events have detailed
information available.
DICal Service | 45
Performing a Conformance Test
You can use DICal service to verify that your display conforms to
the DICOM standard.
NOTE: This procedure requires installation of the optional LCD or
LCD II photometer. (See page 8.)
To perform a conformance test
1 If the Privilege service has been installed, log on as a privileged
user. (See page 96.)
2 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select
DICal Conformance > Conformance Wizard.
3 Follow the instructions for using the photometer in each
Conformance Wizard window and click Next.
NOTE: Press Ctrl+C to abort the test at any time.
4 If the last DICal Conformance Wizard window indicates that the
display conforms to DICOM standards, click Next or Finish. Go to
step 5.
If the last DICal Conformance Wizard window contains a warning,
click Next or Finish to close the window. Perform a custom DICOM
calibration as described on page 44. After calibration, perform
another conformance test. Start at step 1.
5 If necessary, review the conformance test data and test events
according to instructions in the following section.
Reviewing Conformance Test Data
Whenever you perform a conformance test, the DICal service stores
the generated data in both graphical and tabular formats.
To view the most recent conformance data, open the Dome CXtra
Services menu and select DICal Conformance > Conformance History.
The Conformance History dialog opens with Graphs and Table tabs.
The Graphs tab appears initially by default.
46 | Dome CXtra
Using the Graphs Tab
Use the controls on the Graphs tab to select a conformance test and
change how the system shows the data for a selected test. When
using multiple display panels, select a particular panel in the Display
drop-down list. Select a particular conformance test by selecting the
data and time of the test in this drop-down list. Use Print Graph to
output the graph currently on the screen.
Graph Type
• Response. Presents the luminance values at various luminance
intervals (P-values). Luminance is shown along the vertical axis
using a scale that you select from three options: Linear / Lum,
Linear / Log Lum, and Linear / JND Lum. The Response graph
consists of a curve and a set of data points. The curve shows
the luminance values specified by the DICOM standard and the
data points show the luminance values measured during the
conformance test. In general, the closer the data points match the
curve, the better the DICOM conformance.
DICal Service | 47
• Conformance. Presents values of Just Noticeable Differences (JND)
per luminance interval and the mean value for JND/luminance
interval. These values include the Luminance Uniformity Metric
(LUM - DICOM metric) value and the FIT line expression used to
quantify the degree of conformance.
In general, the closer the JND values are to the mean line, the better
the DICOM conformance. In addition, the closer the calculated LUM
metric is to 0 (zero), the better the DICOM conformance.
48 | Dome CXtra
Using the Tables Tab
The Tables tab shows response and conformance numerical data for
a given conformance test. When using multiple display panels, select
a particular panel in the Display drop-down list. Select a particular
conformance test by selecting the data and time for the test in this
drop-down list. Use Print Table to output the data currently on the
screen.
Table Type
• Response. Presents the luminance value measured for each
luminance interval in a selected conformance test.
• Conformance. Shows the following data values for a selected test:
– Number of measurements
– Mean value of JND/Luminance Interval
– Best fit (FIT) line expression
– LUM
DICal Service | 49
Reviewing Conformance Test Events
The Dome CXtra system records an event in the History event log
each time you complete a conformance test.
To review a conformance test event
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Reporting.
2 Click the History tab to see a list of events.
50 | Dome CXtra
3 Click a conformance test status event, then click View Detail to
see a summary of information about that test.
NOTE: Only test events and calibration events have detailed
information available.
DICal Service | 51
Advanced Options
When you connect a third-party monitor or unsupported display to
your system, you see that the Dome CXtra software labels it
“unknown” and “not” characterized in the DICal Panel Configuration
dialog. The DICal service needs to characterize or recognize a display
before it performs calibration.
When the third-party monitor or unsupported display lacks a
characterization data file, run the characterization wizard, then save
the panel type with a unique name. After you generate the data file,
you can export it to other systems to characterize identical displays.
Characterizing a Display
Run the Characterization wizard from one of two locations:
• Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select DICal Calibration >
Characterization Wizard.
• Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select DICal Panel
Configuration. Highlight the display and click Characterize.
NOTE: The number of measurements you can take ranges from 0 to
256. At a minimum, run the default of 64 measurements.
Exporting Characterization Data
Open the Dome CXtra Services menu. Select DICal Calibration >
Export characterization data.
52 | Dome CXtra
Select the data file to export, then store it in the Dome CXtra
dat folder on the other system.
Enabling DICOM Calibration on Third-Party Monitors
After characterization, operate the third-party monitor with
Desktop DICOM Calibration enabled.
You can undo the Panel Type selection for third-party monitors using
Edit Type. Choose <Not characterized> and click OK.
DICal Service | 53
Test Patterns Service
You can view a variety of test patterns for assessing image quality
using the Test Patterns service. Two categories of test patterns are
installed with the service:
• AAPM (American Association of Physicists in Medicine) TG18
• Miscellaneous patterns such as SMPTE, horizontal and vertical
ramps, and geometric distortions
You can also import custom test patterns in .DCM, .DC3, .JPG, or
.TIF formats, as well as perform visual and interactive evaluations.
NOTE: You can manage custom test patterns only if the program
feature for doing so has been installed.
AAPM TG18 Test Patterns
AAPM TG18 patterns provided with the Test Patterns service are
described in American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM),
Task Group 18 Assessment of Display Performance for Medical
Imaging Systems Pre-print Draft (v9.0), October 9, 2002.
Different pattern sets allow you to assess six different display
characteristics. The table on page 55 shows the six sets of AAPM
TG18 patterns provided with Test Patterns service. Most patterns
are available in a1024 x 1024 size and some are available in a
2048 x 2048 size.
Miscellaneous Test Patterns
The following miscellaneous test patterns are installed with
Test Patterns service.
•
•
•
•
54 | Dome CXtra
Bull’s-eye
Geometrical Distortions Coarse
Geometrical Distortions Fine
Geometrical Distortions Hs
•
•
•
•
Horizontal Ramp
Single pixel
SMPTE
Vertical Ramp
AAPM TG18 Test Patterns
Set
Series
Type
Images Description
Multi Purpose
(1K and 2K)
TG18-QC
Vis./Qnt
1
Resolution, luminance, distortion, artifacts
TG18-BR
Visual
1
Briggs pattern, low contrast detail vs. luminance
TG18-CT
Visual
1
Luminance response
TG18-LN
Quant.
18
DICOM grayscale calibration series
TG18-UN
Visual
2
Luminance and color uniformity and angular
response
TG18-UNL
Quant.
2
Same as above with defining lines
TG18-AD
Visual
1
Contrast threshold at low luminance for evaluating
display reflection
TG18-RH
Quant.
3
5 horizontal lines at 3 luminance levels for
LSF evaluation
TG18-RV
Quant.
3
5 vertical lines at 3 luminance levels for
LSF evaluation
TG18-PX
Quant.
1
Array of single pixels for spot size
TG18-CX
Visual
1
Array of Cx patterns and a scoring reference for
resolution uniformity
Luminance
(1K only)
Resolution
Test Patterns Service | 55
56 | Dome CXtra
Set
Type
Images Description
Resolution, cont. TG18-LPH
Visual
3
Horizontal bars at 1 pixel width, 1/16 modulation, 3
luminance levels
TG18-LPV
Visual
3
Vertical bars at 1 pixel width, 1/16 modulation,
3 luminance levels
TG18-AFC
Visual
1
4 AFC contrast-detail pattern, 4 CD values
TG18-NS
Quant.
3
Similar to RV/RH, 5 uniform regions for noise
evaluation
TG18-GV
Visual
2
Dark spot pattern with low contrast object
TG18-GQ
Quant.
3
Dark spot pattern for glare ratio measurement
TG18-GA
Quant.
8
Variable size dark spot patterns
TG18-CH
Visual
1
Reference anatomical PA chest pattern
TG18-KN
Visual
1
Reference anatomical knee pattern
TG18-MM
Visual
2
Reference anatomical mammogram pattern
Noise (1K only)
Glare (1K only)
Anatomical
Series
Displaying Test Patterns
To select and display a test pattern
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Test Patterns >
View Test Patterns. The Display Test Patterns dialog opens.
2 Click the plus sign (+) beside a test pattern set to see variations of
the test pattern.
NOTE:
• Some AAPM TG18 patterns have variations such as 10%, 50%,
and 80%.
• On display systems configured for 10-bit imaging, you can view
the horizontal and vertical ramps to see the differences in 8- and
10-bits per pixel. On the horizontal ramp, the top half is 10-bit;
the bottom half, 8-bit. On the vertical ramp, the left half is 10-bit;
the right half, 8-bit.
Test Patterns Service | 57
3 Click a pattern or variation name to show that pattern.
To invert the pattern (change black to white and white to black),
click the Invert. (Some test patterns cannot be inverted.)
4 If necessary, click Hide Dialog to provide a clear view of the pattern.
To restore the dialog, press the space bar.
5 To exit the test pattern and the dialog, click Close.
Adding a Custom Test Pattern
You can add test patterns of the following types to the Display Test
Patterns dialog described in the preceding section:
• DCM or DC3 (DICOM)
• JPG
• TIF or TIFF
To add a custom test pattern
1 If the Privilege service has been installed, log on as a privileged
user. (See page 96.)
2 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Test Patterns >
Manage Custom Test Patterns. The Add, Modify, or Delete a Custom
Test Pattern dialog opens.
58 | Dome CXtra
3 Click Add to open the Add Custom Test Pattern dialog.
4 Using the Look In drop-down list, navigate to the folder containing
the pattern you want to add.
5 Select a .dcm, .dc3, .jpg, .tif, or .tiff pattern file.
6 If appropriate, select a view option:
– Zoom to fit (Select a sizing method of Bilinear or Nearest –
Neighbor if you choose this option.)
– Ramp grayscale
7 Click Open.
The selected pattern appears in the Add, Modify, and Delete a
Custom Test Pattern dialog.
8 To add another custom pattern, return to step 4.
If you are finished adding patterns, click OK.
Test Patterns Service | 59
Modifying or Deleting Custom Test Patterns
To modify or delete a custom pattern
1 If the Privilege service has been installed, log on as a privileged
user. (See page 96.)
2 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Test Patterns >
Manage Custom Test Patterns. The Add, Modify, or Delete a Custom
Test Pattern dialog opens.
3 Select the test pattern to be modified or deleted.
4 Click one of the following buttons as needed:
– Delete. Removes the custom test pattern.
– View Options. Opens a dialog for changing the Ramp Grayscale
and Zoom to fit parameters.
– Display. Shows the selected pattern. Click the Dome CXtra icon on
the taskbar to open the dialog again.
5 Click OK to save any changes, close the dialog, and close the test
pattern (if displayed).
Dome Visual and Interactive Evaluations
The evaluations help you assess the image quality of the display
panels at various locations and for various shades of gray. These tests
can be launched manually or scheduled to run at specific times on
local Dome CXtra-enabled workstations. The tests can also be forced
from the Dome Dashboard application on a remote workstation.
When launched, these tests run sequentially on all supported
displays. Upon the completion of the tests, the results are logged
into Reporting History. If any test fails on any of the displays, it is
represented as a warning. The Dome CXtra status icon also changes
correspondingly.
The tests can be accessed via the Dome CXtra Services menu >
Test Patterns > Evaluations.
60 | Dome CXtra
When invoked, the Test Patterns Evaluation dialog allows you to run
the Dome Visual Test or the Dome Interactive Test or both. Use Setup
to configure test parameters.
Test Patterns Service | 61
Run Dome Visual Test
Use this test to display a visual pattern that you have selected (on the
Setup dialog) and make a response to the resolution, uniformity, and
visibility of details present in the pattern. The pass/fail status of the
test is determined by your responses to the test questions.
Run Dome Interactive Test
With the interactive test, you can decipher textual strings that are
shown on a background with very little contrast difference, 5 percent.
A randomly generated alphabet string of 8 characters is shown over
a background pattern. You are expected to read this string and enter
it into the field provided. If the string that you enter does not match
the string shown, the test fails and you are given one more chance to
take the test. When a second test is run, the results of both tests
are logged into Reporting History.
Run Both Tests
This option runs both tests on all supported displays connected to
the Dome CXtra-enabled workstation. The Dome Visual Test runs first
on the displays, followed by the Dome Interactive Test.
After the test is run, a Test Complete dialog appears where you are
prompted to enter your name (configurable) and have the option to
view or save the report. Results are also logged into the Reporting
service and can be viewed from Reporting > History.
Test Modes
Immediate. You can manually perform either test or both tests
using the Evaluations command: Dome CXtra Services menu >
Test Patterns > Evaluations.
Scheduled. You can schedule a test either locally on the Dome CXtraenabled workstation or remotely from the Dome Dashboard console.
Either tests or both tests can be scheduled. If you are using the Dome
Dashboard software, you can override the local Dome CXtra settings
with the settings in the Dome Dashboard application.
62 | Dome CXtra
When a scheduled test pops up, the Preparing to Show Test Pattern
dialog prompts you to select one of three options: taking the test,
canceling the test, or postponing the test for a later time. If you
decide to take the test later, the dialog pops up again after a time
specified on the General tab of the Setup dialog.
NOTE: Scheduled test do not pop up if any of the Test Patterns dialogs
are open.
Forced. Either tests or both tests can be forced from the Dome
Dashboard console on targeted Dome CXtra-enabled workstation.
Start the test when it pops up.
Setup
Setup allows you to configure the parameters related to test
scheduling, pattern selection, and other general parameters. The
Setup dialog include three categories: Schedule, Patterns, and
General.
Schedule. Open this tab to select the test time, test frequency, and
the tests to be scheduled.
You can select the test to be scheduled and set the schedule by
frequency and time. The scheduled tests pop up at the Dome CXtraenabled workstation at the specified test time. Test time is scaled by
30-minute intervals.
Test Patterns Service | 63
Patterns. Open this tab to configure the pattern type and
location for the Dome Interactive Test and the pattern type for
the Dome Visual Test.
NOTE: Random is the default selection for all parameters of each test.
Four types of patterns are supported by the Dome Interactive Test.
• Eight step gradation from white to black
• Eight step gradation from black to white
• Eight step gradation from black to gray
• Eight step gradation from gray to black
Each gradation has a random character in which the gray shade is 5%
more or less than the background gradation gray shade.
When Random pattern type is used by default or choice, you see
a randomly selected pattern each time the test is invoked. You can
place these patterns at the following locations on the display panel,
or in a random location.
• Top right
• Top left
• Bottom right
• Bottom left
• Center
64 | Dome CXtra
When Random pattern location is used by default or choice, you see
the pattern in a random location each time the test is invoked.
These six patterns are supported by the Dome Visual Test:
• SMPTE
• TG18-GV
• TG18-QC
• DIN-1
• TG18-CT
• DIN-2
When Random pattern type is used by default or choice, you see
a randomly selected pattern each time the test is invoked.
Open this tab to configure these three parameters:
• Prompt for Tester name: Enter your name after test completion. If
this option is disabled, the software labels the user “Anonymous.”
• View failed test as warning: Set the message box to report test
failure as a warning dialog or an information dialog.
• Minutes to wait for Later option: Configure the time in minutes for
the test to reappear. This function is active when you select the
Later option in the Preparing to Show dialog.
Test Patterns Service | 65
Backlight Saver Service
The Backlight Saver service allows you to specify when the display
system turns off the panel backlights to extend the display’s clinical
life. This service allows you to specify an inactivity value in minutes,
and the panel backlights turn off whenever a period of inactivity
exceeds this value.
The service lets you define one or more “saver periods” during each
day of the week. You can specify a different inactivity or “sleep after”
value for each saver period you define.
CAUTION: The Backlight Saver service controls Window power
options only within defined periods. During undefined periods,
Windows power options and screen saver are being used.
Creating a Saver Period
To create a saver period for selected days
1 Open the Dome CXtra menu and select Backlight Saver.
66 | Dome CXtra
2 Select the day or days for which you want to create one or more
saver periods.
Click a single day name in the Selected Day column or hold down
the Control key while clicking multiple days. For example, you
might specify the same saver periods for weekdays (Monday
through Friday) and different saver periods for weekends.
3 Click Add Period.
4 Define a saver period by entering values for Start Time and End
Time. Entries must be in a 24-hour format.
NOTE. Be sure the saver period does not overlap a period
created earlier.
5 Enter an integer value to define the Sleep After parameter in
minutes. During this saver period, the backlight turns off when
a period of inactivity exceeds this time.
6 Click OK. The new saver period appears in the Periods for Selected
Day(s) text field of the Backlight Saver window.
7 Define additional saver periods by repeating steps 2 to 6.
If necessary, you can define a saver period to cover the entire
24 hours in a given day.
The panel backlight is controlled by the selected Windows power
scheme during the hours not included in defined Backlight Saver
periods.
8 Click OK.
Backlight Saver Service | 67
Deleting a Saver Period
To delete an existing saver period
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Backlight Saver.
2 Click the associated data line and then click Delete Period.
Viewing Schedule for Week
To view the saver periods for a week
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Backlight Saver.
2 Click View Week to see the schedule.
3 Click OK.
68 | Dome CXtra
DIN Test Service
The DIN Test service tests your Dome CX, Dome EX, and Dome QX
displays for conformance with German standard DIN 6868-57. A
successful acceptance test such as the one performed by DIN Test
service is mandatory before DIN 6868-57 application category A and
B devices* can be accepted in a hospital or other diagnostic setting.
For more information about DIN acceptance criteria, obtain a copy of
the DIN 6868-57 standard through the following web site:
http://www2.din.de.
Besides acceptance testing, the DIN Test service provides constancy
testing. Constancy tests can be performed periodically after
successful acceptance testing to detect any degradation in display
performance. The tests detect degradation by measuring deviation
from performance values recorded during the acceptance test.
* Application category A includes image display devices for the
diagnosis of digital images taken by means of projection radiography,
including storage phosphors or solid-state detectors, for example, of the
skeleton, thorax or mamma. However, image display devices for the
diagnosis of digital images from dental radiography, fluoroscopy, or
subtraction angiography are not included in application category A.
Application category B includes all image display devices suitable
for the diagnosis of digital images from dental radiography, fluoroscopy,
and subtraction angiography as well as of images generated by means
of sectional imaging procedures (such as computed tomography,
magnetic resonance tomography, sonography) and nuclear-medical
procedures.
DIN Test Service | 69
Acceptance or constancy testing requires a photometer for
measuring the luminance of the display. The DIN Test service
automatically reads luminance measurements when you use
one of these photometers:
• Wellhofer LXplus
• Minolta LS-100
NOTE: The NDSsi photometer is also read automatically, but it is a
contact device and is less suited for use in DIN testing.
You can use other photometers that meet the requirements of
a DIN evaluation, but you must manually enter the photometer
measurements during the tests.
Setting Up for Testing
The DIN Test service presents a wizard that helps you determine
whether the selected display device meets the DIN standard. Part of
this process involves taking measurements with a photometer and
comparing the measurements with the DIN standard.
70 | Dome CXtra
To set up the display for testing
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select DIN Test.
The DIN Test service dialog appears.
2 Click Setup. The DIN Test Setup dialog appears, open to
the Location tab.
DIN Test Service | 71
To set up entries on the Location tab
Enter descriptive text and click Apply.
72 | Dome CXtra
To set up entries on the Display tab
1 Complete the Display and Performance Class fields.
2 Select Yes or No for the three installation questions, select the
display matrix require, and click Apply.
NOTE: The descriptive information in the middle of the display is
read-only and cannot be changed.
DIN Test Service | 73
To set up entries on the Photometers tab
1 Select a photometer from the pull-down list. Select Other if your
photometer is omitted from the list.
NOTE: All photometers must adhere to section 7.1 of the DIN
specification. When you select Other, you must manually enter
the measured values in the test wizard dialogs.
2 If you selected Other in step 1, type the name of the photometer
manufacturer in the Manufacturer field.
3 Enter the photometer serial number in the Serial Number field.
4 On the COM Port pull-down list, select the COM port used to
connect the photometer to the computer.
5 Click Apply.
If you selected Other in step 1, a message reminds you to manually
enter measurement values while conducting the tests. Click OK to
close the message.
74 | Dome CXtra
To set up entries on the Medical Image tab
To use an image other than the default image (achest.dcm),
click Browse and select an image. Click Apply.
NOTE: A landscape image, chestah.dcm, is available in
the installation folder’s dat folder.
DIN Test Service | 75
To view information on the Reference Values tab
Open the Reference Values tab to view information about
the most recent successful DIN acceptance test. Click Apply.
NOTE: This information is read-only.
76 | Dome CXtra
To set up entries on the Constancy tab
1 Open the Constancy tab to set DIN constancy test parameters. The
tab shows the previously saved constancy settings for the display
identified in the Display field.
DIN Test Service | 77
2 To use the settings in the DIN constancy specification
(recommended), click Restore Defaults.
NOTE: Using the default settings is recommended to assure
conformance with the DIN specification.
The default values for Veil Test Interval and the Contrast Ratio Test
Interval depend on whether Luminance Control and Contrast
Stability are shown as Present or Not Present. They also depend on
whether you enable Constant Ambient Illumination. (Luminance
Control always appears as Present for Dome CX and Dome EX
displays and Not Present for Dome QX displays. Contrast Stability is
always shown as Not Present for both display types.)
3 To use thresholds and test intervals other than those in the DIN
specification (not recommended), change them as desired in the
Measurement Tests and Visual Tests sections of the tab.
NOTE: Do not use thresholds greater than 50%.
4 To create a reminder entry in the history log and change the Dome
CXtra icon on the taskbar to warning status when a test interval is
exceeded, click the Remind Me box next to the test. (The warning
icon is shown on page 10.)
5 Click Apply to accept the values on the tab, or click OK to accept
the values and close the DIN Test Setup dialog.
If you used any non-default setting or value, a warning message
appears when you click Apply or OK.
78 | Dome CXtra
To specify language on the Reporting tab
1 Open the Reporting tab and select your language,
English or German.
2 Click Apply or OK.
DIN Test Service | 79
Running a DIN Acceptance Test
If the Privilege service is installed, you must log on as a privileged user
before you run a DIN acceptance test. (See page 96.)
To run a DIN acceptance test
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select DIN Test.
The DIN Test service dialog appears.
2 Click Run Acceptance Test.
3 Using the photometer identified in the setup procedure, follow
the instructions provided by the test wizard.
NOTE: For photometers not identified by name on the setup
pull-down list, type the photometer readings into the field
provided in the test wizard dialogs.
4 After completing the last wizard dialog, click Finish.
If the test was successful, a message prompts you to save the
measured values as reference values.
5 To save the measured values on the Reference Values tab of
the Setup dialog, click Yes.
To continue without saving the measured values as reference
values, click No.
6 In the Test Complete dialog that appears, type your name in
the name field.
7 Click Save Report.
8 To view the results of the test immediately, click View Report.
To view the results at a later time, see “Viewing DIN Test Results” on
page 83.
80 | Dome CXtra
Running a DIN Constancy Test
You must successfully run a DIN acceptance test (described in the
previous section) on the device being tested before you can run the
constancy test described below. If the Privilege service is installed,
you must log on as a privileged user before you run a DIN constancy
test. (See page 96.)
To run a DIN constancy test
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select DIN Test
2 Click Run Constancy Test to open the test selection dialog.
3 Select the constancy tests you want to run, and then click OK.
4 Using the photometer identified in the setup procedure, follow
the instructions provided by the test wizard.
NOTE: For photometers not identified by name on the setup pulldown list, type the photometer reading into the fields provided in
the test wizard dialogs.
DIN Test Service | 81
5 After completing the last wizard dialog, click Finish.
6 In the Test Complete dialog that appears, type your name in
the Name field and enter the name and location of the organization
requesting the test.
7 Click Save Report.
NOTE: Click Save As to store the report as an RTF file at a specified
location on your hard drive. In this format, you can use common
word-processing applications such Microsoft Word or Wordpad to
view the report, or attach the file to e-mail transmissions.
8 To view the results of the test immediately, click View Report.
To view the results at another time, see “Viewing DIN Test Results”
on page 83.
82 | Dome CXtra
Viewing DIN Test Results
When you click Save Report after running a DIN acceptance or
constancy test, the results are recorded in the history log. You can
use the Reporting service to view the results at any time with the
following steps:
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Reporting.
2 Click the History tab.
3 Click the line corresponding to the test results you want to view,
and then click View Detail.
DIN Test Service | 83
AAPM TG18 Test Service
The AAPM TG18 Test service supports the testing of Dome CX, Dome
EX, and Dome QX displays in accordance with the recommendations
of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Task Group 18.
The evaluations supported by this service are fully described in the
AAPM TG18 document. Obtain a copy of the document at this URLS:
http://deckard.mc.duke.edu/~samei/tg18.
If you have the Privilege service installed, you must log on as a
privileged user to use this service.
The AAPM TG18 document describes many characteristics of
electronic display devices and the factors that affect the quality of
displayed images. As an integral part of this discussion, the task
group defines evaluations that you can use to measure the various
characteristics of your display device. The task group recommends a
test consisting of several evaluations for acceptance testing to ensure
a new display initially provides image quality suitable for the
healthcare environment. For ongoing maintenance, the report
recommends daily, monthly/quarterly, and annual tests to be sure
the display continues to display the same image quality.
The TG18 Test service helps you complete various evaluations
recommended by the task group. To help you complete a test suite
(set of evaluations), the TG18 Test presents a wizard that briefly
describe the basic steps you must complete for each evaluation in a
test. When an evaluation requires a subjective evaluation of a test
pattern, the wizard explains the criteria for satisfactory display
performance.
84 | Dome CXtra
Warning. Successful completion of a TG18 Test frequently requires
preparing the display and the environment in accordance with
applicable sections of the TG18 document. The wizard used by the
TG18 Test for each evaluation provides only an outline of the basic
test steps. It does not describe all prerequisite conditions and
detailed information required to perform the evaluation.
You can define the test that you want to complete for acceptance,
plus routine daily, monthly/quarterly, and annual tests. The Dome
CXtra system can notify you when each test is scheduled to be run.
Each test is predefined in accordance with TG18 recommendations.
You have the option of changing the evaluations included in any test.
Completing many of the TG18 evaluations for a Dome CX or Dome EX
display requires a spot photometer designed for use with LCD panels.
The TG18 Test supports the following photometers:
• Wellhofer LXplus
• Minolta LS-100
The TG18 Test service automatically reads measurements from these
supported photometers. You can use other photometers that meet
the requirements of a TG18 evaluation, but you must manually enter
measurements during procedures requiring a photometer.
NOTE: The NDSsi photometer is also read automatically, but it is
a contact device and is less suited for use in TG18 testing.
Before you can use the TG18 Test, you must complete a setup
process. During the setup process, you need to identify your display
panels and the photometer you have installed. You can then review
the default evaluations in each of the following test suites and make
changes if necessary:
• Daily
• Monthly/Quarterly
• Annual
• Acceptance
You should be thoroughly familiar with the TG18 recommendations
for each of these tests, as well as the policies of your organization
related to the testing of display panels.
AAPM TG18 Test Service | 85
AAPM TG18 Test Setup
You must complete at least part of the setup procedure before you
use the TG18 Test to run a test on any display. During initial setup,
specify a number of operating parameters within these categories on
the Setup Information dialog:
• Photometers
• Configuration
• Location
• Displays
• Reminders
Review and change the operating parameters at any time to meet
changes in equipment or required testing.
Before starting the setup procedure, install a photometer on your
computer that meets the requirements of evaluations you plan to
complete. You need the photometer serial number and the number
of the COM port used by the device.
To access the Setup Information dialog
1 Select AAPM TG18 Test on the Dome CXtra Services menu.
The TG18 Test dialog appears.
NOTE: The Monthly/Quarterly, Daily, and Annual Test options are
disabled until you run an Acceptance Test.
86 | Dome CXtra
2 Click Setup. The Photometers tab of the TG18 Test Setup
Information dialog appears.
To set up entries on the Photometers tab
1 If you have a supported photometer installed, select the model
name on the Photometer pull-down list. Otherwise, select Other. If
you select a supported photometer, the system automatically lists
the manufacturer’s name in the field provided.
2 If you selected Other, type the manufacturer’s name.
3 Enter the photometer serial number.
4 Select the COM port used to connect the photometer to
the computer on the COM Port pull-down list.
5 Click Apply. If you are not using a supported photometer,
a system warning message explains that you must manually
enter measurement values while completing tests. Click OK.
AAPM TG18 Test Service | 87
To set up entries on the Configuration tab
1 Open the Configuration tab to view and modify default evaluations
for each test listed.
You can replace the defaults for any test with any combination of
listed evaluations. The number sequence following each evaluation
name is the paragraph number that describes the evaluation in the
TG18 document.
2 Select a test in the Select Test to Configure list. During an initial
setup, the system automatically selects recommended evaluations
for a test by checking in the selection box next to each evaluation
name. If the test was redefined during previous setup activity, the
system shows the evaluations currently selected.
• Add or delete an evaluation by toggling a check mark in or out of
the selection box.
88 | Dome CXtra
• Click Select/Deselect All to toggle check marks for all evaluations.
Click Restore Defaults to replace current selections with the
AAPM Task Group recommended evaluations. Before replacing
current selections, the system shows a warning message. You
can proceed to replace current evaluation selections.
CAUTION: Clicking Restore Defaults replaces custom evaluation
selections for all four tests, not just the currently selected test
3 Repeat steps 1 and 2 for each test.
4 Click Apply.
To set up entries on the Location tab
1 Open the Location tab to select a display in the Display pull-down
list. The system lists a name in the field to the right if the display is
a recognized type.
2 Fill in the fields provided.
• If you want the same information saved for each display on
the system, click Apply location information to ALL displays.
• If you are entering different information for another display on
the system, select the display from the list, complete the fields,
and click Apply.
AAPM TG18 Test Service | 89
To set up entries on the Displays tab
Review the characteristics of each display panel connected to the
computer. You can indicate how each panel is used by selecting
a performance class as described below.
1 Click the Displays tab.
2 Select a display in the Display pull-down list. The system supplies
values for the attributes shown, if known.
3 Designate the selected display as Primary or Secondary
performance class by clicking the appropriate radio button.
Designate a display as Primary (Class A) if it is used for medical
interpretation. All other displays should be designated Secondary
(Class B). The default designation is Primary.
4 Repeat steps 2 and 3 for each display.
5 Click Apply.
90 | Dome CXtra
To set up entries on the Reminders tab
Schedule optional reminders for completing tests other than
acceptance. For example, if you specify a reminder for the daily
test suite, the system automatically generates a reminder message
for each display that you have not tested.
Dome CXtra provides reminders for only those tests that are enabled.
The routine tests (daily, monthly, annual) are not enabled until an
acceptance test has been completed for a given display and the
report saved for a given display.
1 Click the Reminder tab.
2 Toggle a check mark into the selection box for each reminder
period you want. If you select Monthly/Quarterly, you also
need to indicate how often you want to complete this suite —
every 30 days (monthly) or every 90 days (quarterly).
AAPM TG18 Test Service | 91
3 Select the type of reminder message you want to receive —
Informational or Warning.
Selecting the Informational reminder adds a reminder event to the
History log for each display at the intervals specified. Selecting the
Warning reminder causes a message box to appear on your screen.
In addition, the reminder event changes the Dome CXtra icon in the
system tray and adds an entry into the History log for each display.
If the reminder is issued as a warning, a status change trap is sent to
the SNMP console. See “SNMP Management Console” on page 105
for more information.
4 Click Apply or OK.
Completing AAPM TG18 Tests
You can complete the following tests for each display:
• Acceptance Test – A non-scheduled set of evaluations used to
determine if the performance of a new display panel is satisfactory.
• Monthly/Quarterly Test – A set of evaluations that you can choose
to complete at 30- or 90-day intervals.
• Daily Test – Evaluations you want to complete every day.
• Annual Test – Evaluations completed only once a year.
The routine tests (daily, monthly, annual) are not enabled until the
acceptance test has been completed and the report has been saved
for a given display.
By default, the system assigns evaluations to each test based on the
TG18 recommendations. You can use the Configuration tab to
change the evaluations assigned to any test suites. See “To set up
entries on the Configuration tab” on page 88 for more information on
viewing and changing assigned evaluations.
92 | Dome CXtra
To run a test
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select AAPM TG18 Test.
2 Select a display panel in the Select Display list.
3 Select a test in the Select Test list box.
4 Click Run Test to access the wizard, which prompts you to complete
each evaluation in the test. Where necessary, you enter
measurement or evaluation data as you complete each evaluation.
NOTE: Some evaluations require you to complete multiple wizard
dialogs. The Skip button at the bottom of each wizard dialog moves
to the next evaluation and not to the next dialog in the current
evaluation.
After completing all evaluations in the test, you have options to
view and save a report.
AAPM TG18 Test Service | 93
Viewing AAPM TG18 Test Results
You can view the test results for a TG18 Test immediately after
completing all evaluations. The Test Info dialog appears upon
completion of a test.
Enter your name in the Tester’s Name field and your organization
name in the Tester’s Company field. Then pick among these options
for viewing or saving the report:
• Click View Report for a summary of evaluations completed.
• Click Save Report to store the information.
• Click Save As to store the information as an RTF file at a specified
location on your hard drive. In this format, you can use common
word-processing applications such Microsoft Word or Wordpad to
view the report, or attach the file to e-mail transmissions.
You must save the report for the test to be added to the History log.
Reminders only work for a given test if the test report is saved. Unless
you save the report, you have no indication that the test was run.
94 | Dome CXtra
When you click Save Report, Dome CXtra records the test event in the
History log. You can then use the Reporting service to view events in
the History log. Select the TG18 Test event in the log and click View
Detail to review saved test results.
AAPM TG18 Test Service | 95
Privilege Service
The Privilege service allows only privileged users and administrators
to change the operating parameters of the display system. All others,
called non-privileged users, are limited to viewing status information
and the current operating parameter values.
Logging On as Privileged User/Administrator
NOTE: Passwords are case-insensitive. You can change the password
by following the instructions on page 97.
To log onto Dome CXtra as a privileged user/administrator
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Privileged User.
The Privileged Logon dialog opens.
2 Select either Administrator or Privileged in the Privilege field.
3 Enter your user password in the Password field.
(The default password for privileged user is CXtra.
The default password for administrator is CXtraAdmin).
96 | Dome CXtra
4 To start Dome CXtra in the privileged user mode when the
computer starts and without entering a password, click the
“Start as privileged user” box. To start Dome CXtra in the
non-privileged user mode when the computer starts, leave
the box unchecked.
5 To allow non-privileged users to exit from the Dome CXtra
application, click the “Allow non-privileged users to exit” box.
6 Click OK to close the dialog.
Logging Out of Privileged Mode
To prevent unauthorized users from changing Dome CXtra settings,
log out when leaving the system unattended.
To log out
Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Non-Privileged User.
Changing Your Password
To change your privileged user password
1 Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Privileged User to
open the Privileged Logon dialog.
2 Click Change to open the Change Password dialog.
3 Enter your current password in the Old Password field.
4 Enter your new password in the New Password field
5 Enter your new password again in the Confirm New field.
6 Click OK to close the dialog and activate your new password.
Privilege Service | 97
Reporting Service
The Reporting service records and displays properties and events
related to Dome CXtra services installed for your display system.
Properties include information about which services and versions are
installed. Events are status messages transmitted at regular intervals
by each Dome CXtra service.
Events are recorded in the History log. The log contains routine
events and error messages and events useful in troubleshooting
system error conditions.
NOTE: The Reporting, Backlight Saver, and Privilege services do not
create History events.
Viewing Reports
Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Reporting.
The Reporting window contains two tabs: Properties and History.
98 | Dome CXtra
Properties Tab
The Properties tab lists the Dome CXtra services installed and
information about the display system components and operating
parameters.
Click the plus sign (+) beside any heading to display subordinate
items containing detailed information.
Check the display properties under the RightLight service to see
both the current and the maximum supported bits per pixel.
Reporting Service | 99
History Tab
The History tab displays events recorded in the History event log. The
events appearing in the History log are dependent on each service
and typically record changes that may be useful for capturing history
or troubleshooting an error condition.
100 | Dome CXtra
Sorting the History Event Log
Each event is represented by a row of information with data shown in
the following columns:
Status. An icon indicating the event type: Information, Success,
System Error, or Warning.
Service. The Dome CXtra service associated with the event.
Date. Record of date and time of the event.
Summary. A brief event description.
Click a column heading to sort the event list based on the contents of
that column. The list is initially displayed in reverse chronological
order based on the Date (the most recent event at the top).
Display Selected Events - Filter
In the Filter section on the right side of the list, you can select Current
Only to display only the most recent events. The alternative is to
select History to display all events.
View Details
Select an event and click View Details to display detailed information
in a message box if available. (Not all events have detailed
information available.) You can also display this information by
double-clicking the event.
Return to Success Status
To restore success mode if a current warning or error condition
cannot be conveniently corrected, click Restore Success. This may be
necessary, for example, if the display panel generating a warning has
been removed from the system.
NOTE: Clicking Restore Success does not delete the warning or error.
It adds a new, superseding event to the history.
Reporting Service | 101
Using the Reporting Control
The Reporting service allows you to specify the retention period for
event information stored in the History log, and to suppress all or
some alerts.
To view or change the retention period
Open the Dome CXtra Services menu and select Reporting Control.
Click Retain to save events for the specified number of days. Events
older than the specified number of days are deleted unless Dome
CXtra is in a warning or error status. You can change the number of
days by entering an integer from 7 to 1000 in the days field. The
default setting is 365 days (one year).
NOTE: If you are using Dome CXtra in conjunction with Dome
Dashboard, you can exercise best practice by limiting history
retention to 365 days (one year).
102 | Dome CXtra
To retain event information indefinitely, select Retain Complete
History. When this option is selected, event information is never
deleted and the History log continues to lengthen as long as the
Dome CXtra application is operating.
To suppress alerts
Use the selections in the Disable All Popups field to deactivate all,
some, or none of the popups for all of the Dome CXtra software.
Check the box in the Disable RightLight Popups field to deactivate
popups only in the RightLight service.
You can use the selections of both field to deactivate a combination
or set of popups. For example, check the box in the Disable
RightLight Popups field and select Information in the Disable All
Popups field to deactivate all popups in the RightLight service as well
as all Information popups from all other Dome CXtra services.
Reporting Service | 103
Enterprise Management Service
The Enterprise Management service allows you to manage medical
imaging displays from a central location using Dome Dashboard
software or standard Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
console applications such as Castle Rock™ SNMPc.
You must install the Enterprise Management service on each
computer with a flat panel that you want to monitor and then use
the information in this chapter to configure the SNMP service running
on the computer.
SNMP Setup with Firewall Protection
Note the following for setting up the SNMP service with your
system’s firewall protection.
• For Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, be sure the SNMP
service (on the exception list by default) is enabled.
• For Windows XP, add file snmp.exe to the Windows Firewall
Exceptions list. The file is located in folder c:\windows\system32.
• For third-party firewall management, add file snmp.exe to
the exception list of the application.
SNMP
To install the SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) service,
have a system administrator decide on all settings to be sure this
service operates in accordance with local network policies.
For information on installing SNMP, see “Configuring the SNMP
Service” on page 106.
104 | Dome CXtra
SNMP Management Console
You can use Dome Dashboard software or a console application on
your computer to obtain the following types of information from
each display running the Enterprise Management service in
conjunction with the SNMP service:
• Hardware identification
• Current operating parameters
• Test results
• Status messages
From your management console, you can also reconfigure a display
by changing selected operating parameters.
The Dome CXtra display agent is compatible with Dome Dashboard
software and any SNMP console. The Enterprise Management service
has been tested with Dome Dashboard software and the Castle Rock
SNMPc console application.
The SNMP Model
Managing network components with SNMP is based on a manager/
agent model. When managing a number of displays from a central
location, the computer associated with each display is designated as
the “agent.” The SNMP console application running at the central
location is designated as the “manager.” Routine communications
take place as a result of the manager polling each agent for
information and occasionally changing a data item on the agent.
Each agent can also be configured to initiate communication with
a manager as the result of a “trap” condition. Trap configuration
defines the set of conditions that cause the agent to send a message,
the message content, and the message recipient.
Enterprise Management Service | 105
Configuring the SNMP Service
Use this section to configure the SNMP service on a computer
running the Enterprise Management service.
Be sure the SNMP service is installed and operating on your computer.
To confirm, open the Windows Control Panel, select Administrative
Tools > Services and make sure SNMP service appears in the list of
services.
To install the SNMP service
In Windows 7, open the Control Panel, next go to Programs, then
Programs and Features. Open the Turn Windows features on or off
dialog, and make sure the checkbox for SNMP Service is selected.
In Windows XP, open the Control Panel, then go to Add/Remove
Windows Components to select Management and Monitoring Tools.
Follow the instructions for installing the Simple Network
Management Protocol. Configure the SNMP service.
To configure the SNMP service
You can configure the SNMP service automatically with the silent
installation procedure. (See “Silent Install” on page 114.) Use the
following procedure to configure the service manually.
1 Open the Service Properties dialog (page 107).
2 Enter traps information for handling trap messages (page 108).
3 Enter security information for identifying community names and
hosts allowed to access the display agent (page 109).
4 Restart the SNMP server to activate the changes (page 110).
NOTE: The following illustrations show Windows XP dialogs.
106 | Dome CXtra
To open the Service Properties dialog
1 Open Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services to see
a list of installed services.
2 Right-click the SNMP service name and select Properties on
the popup menu to open the General tab of the SNMP Service
Properties dialog.
Enterprise Management Service | 107
To enter traps information
1 Click the Traps tab in the SNMP Service Properties dialog.
2 Create the community name used by the SNMP console
application. Type that name in the Community name field then
click Add to List. (Dome Dashboard users: Be sure the community
name matches the SNMP trap community shown on the Dashboard
Edit Workstation dialog > Network Configuration tab.)
3 Create a list of trap destinations. Click Add to open an SNMP Service
Configuration dialog.
4 Enter information for each destination. (Dome Dashboard users:
The host name, IP, or IPX address must match the name of the
workstation on which Dome Dashboard is running.)
108 | Dome CXtra
In most cases you should enter the identifier for the host running
your SNMP console application as one list item. You may also run
other trap monitoring applications. Dome Dashboard users can
define one or more consoles as trap destinations.
5 Click Apply to save your entries on the Traps tab.
To enter security information
1 Click the Security tab in the SNMP Service Properties dialog. (The
accepted community name should match the SNMP communities
entered in the Dashboard Edit Workstation dialog > Network
Configuration tab.)
2 Click Add in the “Accepted community names” section to
open the SNMP Service Configuration dialog.
Enterprise Management Service | 109
3 Select READ CREATE in the Community rights drop-down list. This
allows the Dome Dashboard or SNMP console application to read
and set Dome CXtra parameters on this computer.
4 Type the community name used by your SNMP console application
in the Community Name field and click Add. (NOTE: You can enter
different community names for read, read/write, and read/create,
but using the same name is recommended.)
5 Choose either Accept SNMP packets from any host or Accept SNMP
packets from these hosts. If you select the latter, then do the
following:
Click Add to open an SNMP Service Configuration dialog. Type the
host identifier of the computer running your SNMP console
application. Click Add.
6 Click OK to close the SNMP Service Properties dialog and
save your settings.
NOTE: Dome Dashboard defaults all community names to “public.”
To restart the SNMP service
Right-click the SNMP service name in the Services dialog and
select Restart on the pop-up menu.
NOTE: You must restart the SNMP service to activate changes
you made using the SNMP Service Properties dialog.
110 | Dome CXtra
Display Agent Traps
Systems running the Enterprise Management service for Dome CXtra
generate only the following traps:
• trapStatusObserverConnectionFailed
• trapStatusChanged
If the local Dome CXtra system status changes to Warning or Failure,
the display agent sends a trapStatusChanged trap. For example,
if an external application changes the calibration from DICOM
Calibration to Original Calibration, the DICal service changes the
Dome CXtra system status to Warning and sends the
trapStatusChanged trap.
To have traps sent when the Dome CXtra system status changes to
Success, set snmpSuccessTraps to “true” in the sysDOMEinfo table.
See the following table of available traps.
Enterprise Management Service | 111
Available Traps
Item
Description
trapStatusObserverConnection- Status observer connection failed.
Failed
Data Items:
historyStatusStatus,
historyStatusRecord,
historyStatusServiceTest,
historyStatusDateTime,
historyStatusSummary
trapStatusChanged
Status changed.
Data Items:(none)
trapFPConnectionFailed
(obsolete in version 3.0)
Connection to RightLight service
failed.
(obsolete in version 3.0)
Flat-panel white point cannot be
achieved.
trapFPLUMTest
Flat-panel LUM test failed.
trapFPAlert
(obsolete in version 3.0)
trapFPWhiteLevelTest
Flat-panel White Level test failed.
(obsolete in version 3.0)
trapFPAlertEx
Flat-panel alert.
(obsolete in version 3.0)
trapBacklightSaverConnection- Connection to Backlight Saver
Failed
service failed.
(obsolete in version 3.0)
112 | Dome CXtra
Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
Blue screen crashes.
System instability.
Install the BIOS,
firmware, and driver
upgrades provided
by the manufacturer
of your hardware.
Displays dropping
out or changing
resolution
unexpectedly.
Dome CXtra not
starting properly
(such as showing
the clock icon
continuously).
Display Assignment. If a different display is selected as the primary,
CXtra must be restarted. (NOTE: Applies to all operating systems.)
Fast User Switching. The switching function is not supported on
display systems using NVIDIA drivers previous to version 197.03.
Text Size. If text size is changed to 150%, Test Patterns appear fuzzy
and too large, due to the client window scaling by Windows. To
correct this, after selecting 150% Text size, select Set custom text size
(DPI) in the left pane. Then check the Use Windows XP style DPI
scaling checkbox, and click OK. (NOTE: Applies to Windows 7
systems only.)
Troubleshooting | 113
Appendix
Silent Install
The servicesToInstall file specifies which services get installed during
a CXtra installation. If this file is present in the same folder as the
setup.exe of the CXtra package, any selections or deselections that
the user makes with the select/deselect feature will be ignored.
Components not listed below are always installed.
Starting with CXtra 6.2.2, SNMP service configuration for
Dome Dashboard is supported.
File Syntax
Note the following conditions of operation:
• Lines beginning with a semicolon are ignored.
• Each uncommented line specifies one service that gets installed.
• A comma is the necessary and only allowable delimeter. White
spaces at the beginning and end of servicenames, options, option
values are ignored.
• Options that need an option value but are specified without one
will be ignored.
• An option value must follow its corresponding option. Otherwise,
order is unimportant.
• All words are case-insensitive.
114 | Dome CXtra
Service Format
<servicename>[, <option>[, <option value>]][, <option>[, <option
value>]] ...
where <servicename> is one of the following:
BacklightSaver
RightLight
DICal
DIN
TG18
TestPatterns
SNMP
Privilege
Note the following:
WhiteLevelCalibration <will not be installed with Privilege unless
explicitly listed>
ManageTestPatterns <will not be installed with testpatterns unless
explicitly listed>
If <servicename> is SNMP, the following options are allowed:
<option>
<string value>
<description>
dashboardserver
nameofdashboardserver
Name of IP address of
workstation where
Dashboard Server is
installed
dashboardcommunity
nameofcommunity
Name of dashboard
community (optional
and default as “public”)
Appendix | 115
If <servicename> is RightLight, the options shown in the following
table are allowed.
<option>
<option value>
<description>
Ambient
low | moderate | high
Sets the quality of
ambient brightness
Measurements
<integer> from 5 to 256 Sets the number of
measurements during
conformance
DynamicRange
equalize | maximize
Sets contrast ratios
over time for the
luminance of light to
dark
Tolerance
<integer> from 0 to 25
Sets the tolerance
percentage for white
level
TargetWhiteLevel
<integer>
Sets target white level
in cd/m2
DisablePopUps
N/A
Blocks all alert
messages
DisableRightLightPopUps N/A
Example #1: Install All Services
BEGIN FILE...
backlightsaver
rightlight
whitelevelcalibration
dical
din
tg18
testpatterns
managetestpatterns
snmp
privilege
...END FILE
116 | Dome CXtra
Blocks only RightLight
alert messages
Example #2: Install Selected Services
Install TestPatterns, Privilege, SNMP, and RightLight services, setting
the number of measurements during conformance, no popups,
Dome Dashboard Server and Community, and the ambient
brightness:
BEGIN FILE...
rightlight, ambient, low, measurements, 32, dynamicrange, equalize,
tolerance, 10, targetwhitelevel, 500, disablepopups,
disablerightlightpopups
testpatterns
snmp, dashboardserver, ndsddv2, dashboardcommunity,
ddv2community
privilege
...END FILE
Appendix | 117
Index
A
AAPM TG18 test patterns 54
acceptance test 84
alerts, suppressing 102
Ambient tab, RightLight 18
auto alert parameters, setting 21
Auto Alerts tab, RightLight
configuration 20
B
Backlight Saver service, description 66
Backlight tab, RightLight
configuration 14
brightness 14
C
calibration 13, 17
custom DICOM 44
events, reviewing 45
Calibration tab, RightLight
configuration 17
characterizing display 52
checking current conformance status
26
closing Dome CXtra 12
Color tab, RightLight 19
COM port, photometer 87
Configuration tab, TG18 Test 88
configuring
DICal service 40
RightLight service 14
SNMP service 106
conformance 50
checking current status 26
manual testing 22, 23
table type 31
viewing event detail 27
wizard for manual testing 24
118
conformance history
Graphs tab 47
Tables tab 49
conformance test
performing 46
reviewing data 46
custom DICOM calibration,
performing 44
custom test pattern
adding 58
modifying or deleting 60
CX/EX white level test 21
D
default DICOM calibration, using 41
DICal service
calibrating with 39
configuring 40
description 39
DICOM
automatic conformance 21
checking conformance manually
23
DICOM calibration
custom 44
using default 41
DIN application categories 69
Display agent traps 111
Displays tab
TG18 Test 90
Dome CXtra Services menu 11
Dome Dashboard software 104
dynamic range 16
E
equalizing dynamic range 16
evaluation, TG18 Test 84, 88
exiting from Dome CXtra 12
exporting data 52
F
factory calibration 38
features, new 1
fit line expression 30, 31
menu
CXtra services 11
utilites 12
menu, Dome CXtra Services 11
G
N
graph
conformance type 29
response type 28
scale 29
Graphs tab, conformance history 47
new features 1
H
privileged user, changing 97
performance classes 90
photometer
COM port 87
installing 8
TG18 Test 85
Photometer tab
TG18 Test 87
popup warnings, RightLight, disabling
history
event log, sorting 101
retention period, changing 102
History log
auto conformance event 27
History tab, Reporting window 100
I
icons, status, on taskbar 10
individual services, installing 7
informational reminder 92
installation 1
installing
Dome CXtra software 6
individual services 7
optional photometer 8
L
launching Dome CXtra 10
Location tab
TG18 Test 89
logging interval, auto conformance
21
LUM (Luminance Uniformity Metric)
13, 30, 31
LUM test threshold 21
M
manual alert parameters, setting 23
Manual Alerts tab, RightLight 22
maximizing dynamic range 16
P
password
entering for privileged user mode
96
33
primary performance class 90
privileged user, logging on as 96
Properties tab, Reporting window 99
R
reinitializing white level calibration 37
reminder types 92
Reminders tab, TG18 Test 91
report
DIN test 83
viewing results, TG18 Test 95
Reporting service, description 98
Reporting window 99, 100
reports, viewing 98
response function 17
restoring white level calibration 38
retention period, history, changing
102
Return to Success Status button 101
reviewing test events 50
RightLight popup warnings, disabling
33
119
R, cont.
T
RightLight service 13
configuring 14
performing manual conformance
test 23
setting auto alert parameters 21
setting manual alert parameters 23
table
conformance type 31
response type 31
Tables tab, conformance history 49
target white level 15
test
completing TG18 92
criteria for auto conformance 20
criteria for manual conformance
S
saver period
creating 66
deleting 68
schedule, Backlight Saver, viewing 68
secondary performance class 90
security information, entering 109
selecting display calibration 42
Service Properties dialog box 107
services
AAPM TG18 Test 84
individual, installing 7
RightLight, configuring 14
services menu 11
SNMP management console 105
SNMP model 105
SNMP V1 104
sorting history event log 101
specifying dynamic range 16
starting Dome CXtra 10
Success Status, returning to 101
suppressing alerts 102
system error icon on taskbar 10
system requirements, Dome CXtra
software 6
120
22
CX/EX white level 21
defining failure 20
defining TG18 88
TG18 84
viewing results, TG18 Test 94
test patterns
AAPM TG18 54
adding custom 58
displaying 57
miscellaneous 54
TG18 Test service
completing 92
Configuration tab 88
description 84
Displays tab 90
Location tab 89
Reminders tab 91
setting up test 86
viewing results 94
traps information, entering 108
U
W
uninstalling Dome CXtra services and
software 12
utilities 12
warning
icon on taskbar 10
reminder 92
white level 15
white level calibration 2
reinitializing settings 37
restoring factory setting 38
White Level Calibration service 35
wizard, manual conformance 24
V
viewing
reports 98
TG18 Test results 94
121
NDS Surgical Imaging, LLC
Dome Products
400 Fifth Avenue
Waltham MA 02451-8738 USA
www.ndssi.com